keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

catheter bacteremia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064472/arteriovenous-grafts-much-maligned-but-in-need-of-reconsideration
#1
Michael Allon
There are substantial variations in arteriovenous fistula (AVF) use among hemodialysis patients in different countries, in different regions of the U.S., and even in different hemodialysis units within a single metropolitan area. These variations persist after adjustment for patient demographics and comorbidities, suggesting that practice patterns play a major role in determining the frequency of AVF use. These observations led to vascular access guidelines urging nephrologists and surgeons to increase AVF creation in patients with chronic kidney disease...
January 8, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061869/clinical-and-microbiologic-characteristics-of-cefotaxime-non-susceptible-enterobacteriaceae-bacteremia-a-case-control-study
#2
Taro Noguchi, Yasufumi Matsumura, Masaki Yamamoto, Miki Nagao, Shunji Takakura, Satoshi Ichiyama
BACKGROUND: Cefotaxime plays an important role in the treatment of patients with bacteremia due to Enterobacteriaceae, although cefotaxime resistance is reported to be increasing in association with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC β-lactamase (AmpC). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in a Japanese university hospital between 2011 and 2012. We assessed the risk factors and clinical outcomes of bacteremia due to cefotaxime-non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae (CTXNS-En) and analyzed the resistance mechanisms...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057985/the-efficacy-of-noble-metal-alloy-urinary-catheters-in-reducing-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection
#3
Alanood Ahmed Aljohi, Hanan Elkefafy Hassan, Rakesh Kumar Gupta
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is the most common device-related healthcare-acquired infection. CAUTI can be severe and lead to bacteremia, significant morbidity, prolonged hospital stay, and high antibiotic consumption. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the CAUTI-reducing efficacy of noble metal alloy catheters in sixty patients (thirty per group) in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at the King Fahad Hospital in Saudi Arabia...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035690/%C3%AE-lactam-therapy-for-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-a-comparative-review-of-cefazolin-versus-antistaphylococcal-penicillins
#4
Julius Li, Kelly L Echevarria, Kristi A Traugott
Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Traditionally, antistaphylococcal penicillins (ASPs) have been considered the agents of choice for the treatment of MSSA bacteremia. Vancomycin has been demonstrated to have poorer outcomes in several studies and is only recommended for patients with severe penicillin allergies. Although cefazolin is considered as an alternative to the ASPs for patients with nonsevere penicillin allergies, cefazolin offers several pharmacologic advantages over ASPs, such as more convenient dosing regimens, and antimicrobial stewardship programs are increasingly using cefazolin as the preferential agent for MSSA infections as part of cost-saving initiatives...
December 30, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993572/chills-during-hemodialysis-prediction-and-prevalence-of-bacterial-infections-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
D Shepshelovich, D Yelin, Bach L Or, N Halevy, Y Ziv, H Green, B Rozen-Zvi, H Ben-Zvi, J Bishara, A Gafter-Gvili, D Yahav
INTRODUCTION: Chills are a complication of patients undergoing hemodialysis. The rate of infection among hemodialysis patients presenting with chills is not well established and empirical broad spectrum antibiotics are usually the rule. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study aiming to assess the rates of infection and bacteremia in hemodialysis patients presenting with chills. We evaluated risk factors for infection and bacteremia and tested a prediction model for infection...
December 16, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974412/clinical-and-pathophysiological-overview-of-acinetobacter-infections-a-century-of-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Darren Wong, Travis B Nielsen, Robert A Bonomo, Paul Pantapalangkoor, Brian Luna, Brad Spellberg
SUMMARYAcinetobacter is a complex genus, and historically, there has been confusion about the existence of multiple species. The species commonly cause nosocomial infections, predominantly aspiration pneumonia and catheter-associated bacteremia, but can also cause soft tissue and urinary tract infections. Community-acquired infections by Acinetobacter spp. are increasingly reported. Transmission of Acinetobacter and subsequent disease is facilitated by the organism's environmental tenacity, resistance to desiccation, and evasion of host immunity...
January 2017: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965229/risk-factors-for-bacteremia-in-patients-with-urinary-catheter-associated-bacteriuria
#7
Laurie J Conway, Jianfang Liu, Anthony D Harris, Elaine L Larson
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated bacteriuria is complicated by secondary bacteremia in 0.4% to 4.0% of cases. The directly attributable mortality rate is 12.7%. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for bacteremia associated with catheter-associated bacteriuria. METHODS: Data were acquired from a large electronic clinical and administrative database of consecutive adult inpatient admissions to 2 acute care hospitals during a 7-year period. Data on patients with catheter-associated bacteriuria and bacteremia were compared with data on control patients with catheter-associated bacteriuria and no bacteremia, matched for date of admission plus or minus 30 days...
December 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942955/management-dilemmas-in-pediatric-nephrology-time-limited-trials-of-dialysis-therapy
#8
Aaron Wightman
BACKGROUND: Time-limited trials of dialysis have been proposed as a third option in addition to initiation of treatment and comfort-care only in the setting of high uncertainty or discordance between the treating team and child/family or among the treating team. CASE-DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: The index case was noted antenatally to have severe kidney disease and pulmonary hypoplasia. In light of the guarded, but uncertain prognosis and a lack of consensus among the treating team, as well as between the treating team and the family, a time-limited trial of dialysis was initiated...
December 9, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918379/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-children-a-focus-on-bloodstream-infections
#9
Laila S Al Yazidi, Ben J Marais, Briony Hazelton, Alexander Outhred, Alison Kesson
BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms with variable disease-causing potential. Bloodstream infections caused by NTM in children are poorly described. METHODS: We describe a retrospective case series of children with culture-confirmed mycobacterial disease managed at The Children's Hospital at Westmead from July 2005 - June 2015. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients had 149 positive NTM cultures; 55 (83.0%) episodes in 54 patients were considered clinically significant...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916925/microbial-biofilms-in-urinary-tract-infections-and-prostatitis-etiology-pathogenicity-and-combating-strategies
#10
REVIEW
Cristina Delcaru, Ionela Alexandru, Paulina Podgoreanu, Mirela Grosu, Elisabeth Stavropoulos, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, Veronica Lazar
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most important causes of morbidity and health care spending affecting persons of all ages. Bacterial biofilms play an important role in UTIs, responsible for persistent infections leading to recurrences and relapses. UTIs associated with microbial biofilms developed on catheters account for a high percentage of all nosocomial infections and are the most common source of Gram-negative bacteremia in hospitalized patients. The purpose of this mini-review is to present the role of microbial biofilms in the etiology of female UTI and different male prostatitis syndromes, their consequences, as well as the challenges for therapy...
November 30, 2016: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908432/safety-and-utilization-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-versus-midline-catheters-at-a-large-academic-medical-center
#11
Tianyuan Xu, Lawrence Kingsley, Susan DiNucci, Gwen Messer, Jong-Hyeon Jeong, Brian Morgan, Kathleen Shutt, Mohamed H Yassin
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are a commonly used central intravenous (IV) access device, which can be associated with significant complications. Midline catheters (MCs) are peripheral IV access devices that may reduce the need for central lines and hence decrease central line-associated bloodstream infections. The objective of this study is to compare the utilization and safety of PICCs and MCs. METHODS: This was a retrospective study comparing the use and outcomes of PICCs and MCs at a large academic medical center between January and May 2015...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895127/the-pathogenic-potential-of-proteus-mirabilis-is-enhanced-by-other-uropathogens-during-polymicrobial-urinary-tract-infection
#12
Chelsie E Armbruster, Sara N Smith, Alexandra O Johnson, Valerie DeOrnellas, Kathryn A Eaton, Alejandra Yep, Lona Mody, Weisheng Wu, Harry L T Mobley
Urinary catheter use is prevalent in health care settings, and polymicrobial colonization by urease-positive organisms, such as Proteus mirabilis and Providencia stuartii, commonly occurs with long-term catheterization. We previously demonstrated that coinfection with P. mirabilis and P. stuartii increased overall urease activity in vitro and disease severity in a model of urinary tract infection (UTI). In this study, we expanded these findings to a murine model of catheter-associated UTI (CAUTI), delineated the contribution of enhanced urease activity to coinfection pathogenesis, and screened for enhanced urease activity with other common CAUTI pathogens...
November 28, 2016: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872830/bacteremia-in-hemodialysis-patients
#13
REVIEW
Masashi Suzuki, Nobuhiko Satoh, Motonobu Nakamura, Shoko Horita, George Seki, Kyoji Moriya
Infection is a common complication and is the second leading cause of death in hemodialysis patients. The risk of bacteremia in hemodialysis patients is 26-fold higher than in the general population, and 1/2-3/4 of the causative organisms of bacteremia in hemodialysis patients are Gram-positive bacteria. The ratio of resistant bacteria in hemodialysis patients compared to the general population is unclear. Several reports have indicated that hemodialysis patients have a higher risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872410/risk-of-mortality-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-caused-by-acinetobacter-species-is-early-removal-of-the-catheters-associated-with-a-better-survival-outcome
#14
Yi Lee, Yi-Tzu Lee, Yung-Chih Wang, Chung-Ting Chen, Jun-Ren Sun, Chang-Pan Liu, Yuan-Meng Liu, Shu-Chen Kuo, Chun-Hsiang Chiu, Ya-Sung Yang, Jung-Chung Lin, Te-Li Chen
PURPOSE: Bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by Acinetobacter species have been extensively reported, however, which majorly focused on respiratory tract infections. The risk of mortality and the effect of early catheter removal on survival in catheter-related BSIs (CRBSIs) caused by Acinetobacter spp. remain unclear. This study aims to investigate that. METHODS: This is a retrospective multicentric study conducted in Taiwan from 2012 to 2014. Patients with at least 1 positive blood culture and catheter culture for the same Acinetobacter spp...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869407/community-acquired-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-in-children-a-cohort-study-for-2010-2014
#15
Guadalupe Pérez, Soledad Martiren, Vanesa Reijtman, Romina Romero, Alejandra Mastroianni, Lidia Casimir, Rosa Bologna
INTRODUCTION: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections are a common, serious problem in pediatrics. OBJETIVE: To describe antibiotic resistance in community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus (SA) bacteremias. To compare the characteristics of SA bacteremias in terms of methicillin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective cohort enrolled between January 2010 and December 2014. Inclusion criteria: infants and children between 30 days old and 16 years old hospitalized at the Hospital de Pediatria J...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829495/clinical-and-microbiological-features-of-bacteremia-with-streptococcus-equi
#16
Kristina Trell, Bo Nilson, Ann-Cathrine Petersson, Magnus Rasmussen
Streptococcus equi (SE) rarely causes human infections. We identified 18 SE isolates from blood cultures. The focus of infection was unknown (n = 5), arthritis (n = 3), catheter-related (n = 2), pneumonia (n = 2), or other (n = 6). There were no fatalities. Several patients had animal contacts but there were no indications of clonal outbreaks.
February 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826136/vegetation-attached-to-the-left-interatrial-septal-surface-at-the-congenital-location-of-the-foramen-ovale-a-rare-occurrence
#17
Waqas Javed Siddiqui, Ishan Acharya, Praneet Iyer, Muhammad Yasir Khan, Muhammad Rafique, Anand Kaji, Ketan Gala
BACKGROUND Non-valvular mural infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare bacterial growth on cardiac walls. Several risk factors have been reported. Echocardiography is an important diagnostic modality for diagnosing vegetation attached to the intracardiac walls. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 57-year-old man admitted with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia due to an infected tunnelled hemodialyses catheter. Transthoracic echocardiogram did not show any abnormality, but transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) revealed a 1...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824950/urgent-start-peritoneal-dialysis-and-hemodialysis-in-esrd-patients-complications-and-outcomes
#18
Haijiao Jin, Wei Fang, Mingli Zhu, Zanzhe Yu, Yan Fang, Hao Yan, Minfang Zhang, Qin Wang, Xiajing Che, Yuanyuan Xie, Jiaying Huang, Chunhua Hu, Haifen Zhang, Shan Mou, Zhaohui Ni
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that urgent-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a feasible alternative to hemodialysis (HD) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), but the impact of the dialysis modality on outcome, especially on short-term complications, in urgent-start dialysis has not been directly evaluated. The aim of the current study was to compare the complications and outcomes of PD and HD in urgent-start dialysis ESRD patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, ESRD patients who initiated dialysis urgently without a pre-established functional vascular access or PD catheter at a single center from January 2013 to December 2014 were included...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807489/bacteremia-with-an-unusual-pathogen-mycobacterium-neoaurum
#19
Hesham Awadh, Munthir Mansour, Mahmoud Shorman
Mycobacterium neoaurum (M. neoaurum) is an infrequently encountered cause of infection in humans. It is a member of the rapidly growing mycobacteria family. It predominately afflicts those with a compromised immune status and a chronically indwelling vascular access. Isolation of this organism is challenging yet the advent of 16s ribosomal sequencing paved the way for more sensitive detection. No treatment guidelines are available and treatment largely depends on the experience of the treating physician and nature of the isolate...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786416/does-guidewire-exchange-influence-infection-rate-related-to-catheters-used-for-vascular-access-in-children-on-chronic-hemodialysis
#20
Rina R Rus, Nina Battelino, Rafael Ponikvar, Vladimir Premru, Gregor Novljan
A central venous catheter (CVC) can either be inserted "de novo" or placed by guidewire exchange (GWE). From September 1998 to September 2015, 32 children (19 boys, 13 girls) were hemodialyzed in our unit by using a CVC. The mean age at CVC insertion was 12.6 ± 0.5 years. A total of 121 uncuffed catheters were placed, either "de novo" or by GWE in 64 (52.9%) and 57 (47.1%) cases, respectively. The most frequent cause for line revision was catheter dysfunction in 40/121 (33.1%) patients. The overall incidence of bacteremia was 1...
October 27, 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
keyword
keyword
105175
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"