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catheter bacteremia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864149/association-of-bacterial-genotypes-and-epidemiological-features-with-treatment-failure-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia
#1
Shang-Yi Lin, Hung-Pin Tu, Tun-Chieh Chen, Mei-Chiou Shen, Yi-Wen Chiu, Yen-Hsu Chen, Po-Liang Lu
OBJECTIVES: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in the hemodialysis (HD) population are epidemiologically classified as healthcare-associated infections. The data about the clinical impact and bacterial characteristics of hospital-onset (HO)- and community-onset (CO)-MRSA in HD patients are scarce. The current study analyzed the difference in the clinical and molecular characteristics of HO-MRSA and CO-MRSA. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review and molecular analysis of clinical isolates from 106 HD patients with MRSA bacteremia from 2009 to 2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806765/achromobacter-xylosoxidans-bacteremia-clinical-and-microbiological-features-in-a-10-year-case-series
#2
E Pérez Barragán, J Sandino Pérez, L Corbella, M A Orellana, M Fernández-Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteremia is challenged by antimicrobial resistance and the paucity of data. We aimed at offering a contemporary description of this uncommon entity. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 13 episodes of A. xylosoxidans bacteremia diagnosed over a 10-year period (November 2007 to May 2017) in our tertiary care center. RESULTS: Solid organ cancer and heart failure were the most common comorbidities (4/13 [30...
May 23, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802505/rate-of-bacteremia-in-the-hemodialysis-patient-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-fever-a-retrospective-chart-review
#3
Nicholas Villalon, Neda Farzan, Kathryn Freeman
BACKGROUND: Infectious disease is the second most common cause of death in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). When presenting to the emergency department (ED) with fever, it remains a diagnostic challenge to distinguish patients with potentially life-threatening bacterial infections from those with less significant causes of fever. The primary goal of this study was to determine the rate of bacteremia in HD patients presenting to the ED with fever. The secondary goal of this study was to identify any independent risk factors associated with bacteremia in the febrile HD patient...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779995/factors-predicting-postoperative-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-prepubertal-children
#4
Onur Kaygısız, Nihat Satar, Ali Güneş, Hasan Serkan Doğan, Ahmet Erözenci, Ender Özden, Mehmet Mesut Pişkin, Deniz Demirci, Serdar Toksöz, Tufan Çiçek, Serhat Gürocak, Hakan Kılıçarslan, Oktay Nazlı, Aykut Kefi, Volkan İzol, Ali Beytur, Şaban Sarıkaya, Serdar Tekgül, Bülent Önal
BACKGROUND: Predictive tables and scoring systems can predict stone clearance. However, there is a paucity of evidence regarding the prediction of complications during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), particularly in children, which remains under-researched. To our knowledge, no studies have evaluated the risk factors for febrile urinary tract infection (FUTI) after pediatric PCNL. OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive factors of FUTI in prepubertal children after PCNL and determine whether any prophylactic cephalosporins are superior for decreasing the FUTI rate...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765236/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-among-liver-transplant-recipients-epidemiology-and-associated-risk-factors-for-morbidity-and-mortality
#5
REVIEW
Taohua Liu, Yuezhong Zhang, Qiquan Wan
Bacteremia due to Staphylococcus aureus , especially methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), complicates the clinical course of liver transplantation and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Intravascular catheters had been reported to be the most frequent source of MRSA bacteremia. Among bacteremic liver recipients, 26.3%-100% of S. aureus were MRSA. Previous studies identified pre-transplant and post-transplant acquired S. aureus carriage, greater severity of liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma and infection with immuno-modulatory viruses as predictors of S...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738027/hydralazine-associated-adverse-events-a-report-of-two-cases-of-hydralazine-induced-anca-vasculitis
#6
Roman Zuckerman, Mayurkumar Patel, Eric J Costanzo, Harry Dounis, Rany Al Haj, Seyedehsara Seyedali, Arif Asif
Hydralazine is a direct-acting vasodilator, which has been used in treatment for hypertension (HTN) since the 1950s. While it is well known to cause drug-induced lupus (DIL), recent reports are indicating the emergence of the drug-induced anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (DIV). Herein, we describe two patients (aged 57 and 87 years) who presented with severe acute kidney injury (AKI), proteinuria, and hematuria. Both were receiving hydralazine for the treatment of hypertension...
May 7, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731084/impact-of-pretransplant-infections-on-clinical-course-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#7
Y J Kim, J H Yoon, S I Kim, H J Choi, J Y Choi, S K Yoon, Y-K You, D-G Kim
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled infections are known to be an absolute contraindication for liver transplantation; however, the posttransplant prognosis of recipients treated for pretransplant infection is unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze pretransplant infections among liver transplant recipients and to determine their impact on posttransplant clinical outcomes. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 357 subjects who had undergone living-donor liver transplantation between January 2008 and May 2014...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731080/carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-bacteremia-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#8
Y J Kim, S I Kim, Y D Lee, H J Choi, J Y Choi, S K Yoon, Y-K You, D-G Kim
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii has become an increasingly important nosocomial pathogen. Carbapenem is the preferred drug of choice for treatment of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli, but carbapenem-resistant A baumannii (CRAB) has now emerged. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, outcomes, and risk factors for CRAB bacteremia in liver transplant recipients. METHODS: The medical records of 393 subjects who underwent living donor liver transplant at Seoul St...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718310/clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-children-with-culture-negative-septic-arthritis
#9
Evangelos Spyridakis, Jeffrey S Gerber, Emily Schriver, Robert W Grundmeier, Eric A Porsch, Joseph W St Geme, Kevin J Downes
Background: Septic arthritis is a serious infection, but the results of blood and joint fluid cultures are often negative in children. We describe here the clinical features and management of culture-negative septic arthritis in children at our hospital and their outcomes. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of a cohort of children with septic arthritis who were hospitalized at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between January 2002 and December 2014. Culture-negative septic arthritis was defined as a joint white blood cell count of >50000/μL with associated symptoms, a clinical diagnosis of septic arthritis, and a negative culture result...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680333/hydroelectrolytic-and-infectious-complications-in-one-year-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-critical-care
#10
A López, J J Varela, M M Cid, M Couñago, N Gago
OBJECTIVE: Parenteral nutrition consists of the intravenous administration of macronutrients, micronutrients and electrolytes. Our objectives were to evaluate the biochemical alterations during the first ten days of initiation and to quantify the bacteremia related to the central venous catheter during the administration of parenteral nutrition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of incidence and prevalence. We included 51 patients who started intravenous nutritional support therapy at Critical Care...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650891/-fourteen-cases-of-implanted-central-venous-access-port-related-bloodstream-infection
#11
Toshihiko Sakai, Masakazu Kono, Chie Koumura, Yuri Oyano, Noriko Sakuma, Hirokazu Tojima
We conducted a clinical study involving cases of central venous(CV)port-related infection in Tokyo Rosai Hospital. Fourteen patients with suspected CV port-related infection at Tokyo Rosai Hospital between April 2015 and January 2017 were observed. Identical bacterial types were detected from 2 sets of blood cultures and cultures from the catheter tip, and a definitive diagnosis was made. Data on patient background, causative bacteria, quick sequentialorgan failure assessment (qSOFA)score, CV port placement period, presence or absence of local inflammatory findings, and prognosis were analysed...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619323/bacteremia-caused-by-cellulosimicrobium-in-a-bone-marrow-transplant-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Jose Armando Gonzales Zamora, Nicholas Camps
Background: Cellulosimicrobium sp. is a ubiquitous gram-positive bacillus that was formerly known as Oerskovia. This bacterium is found in soil and decaying plant material and is rarely associated with infections in humans. Case report: We report the case of a 44 year-old woman with history of bone marrow transplant that developed Cellulosimicrobium sp. bacteremia secondary to a central line infection. She was admitted with presumed sepsis. Blood cultures from central line and periphery revealed the growth of gram-positive rods that were further identified as Cellulosimicrobium sp ...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608495/medical-management-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#13
E Anne Russell, Warren F Walsh, Ben Costello, Alex J A McLellan, Alex Brown, Christopher M Reid, Lavinia Tran, Graeme P Maguire
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is an important cause of heart disease globally. Its management can encompass medical and procedural (catheter and surgical) interventions. Literature pertaining to the medical management of RHD from PubMed 1990-2016 and via selected article reference lists was reviewed. Areas included symptom management, left ventricular dysfunction, rate control in mitral stenosis, atrial fibrillation, anticoagulation, infective endocarditis prophylaxis, and management in pregnancy. Diuretics, angiotensin blockade and beta-blockers for left ventricular dysfunction, and beta-blockers and If inhibitors for rate control in mitral stenosis reduced symptoms and improved left ventricular function, but did not alter disease progression...
July 2018: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566004/prevalence-of-vancomycin-variable-enterococcus-faecium-vve-among-vana-positive-sterile-site-isolates-and-patient-factors-associated-with-vve-bacteremia
#14
Philipp Kohler, Alireza Eshaghi, Hyunjin C Kim, Agron Plevneshi, Karen Green, Barbara M Willey, Allison McGeer, Samir N Patel
Vancomycin-variable enterococci (VVE) are vanA-positive, vancomycin-susceptible enterococci with the ability to revert to a vancomycin-resistant phenotype on exposure to vancomycin. We sought to assess the prevalence of VVE and to determine clinical characteristics of patients infected with VVE. We prospectively collected Enterococcus faecium sterile site isolates from Toronto Invasive Bacterial Diseases Network hospitals from January 2015 to June 2016 and calculated VVE (defined as vanA-positive, vancomycin-susceptible isolates) prevalence among vanA-containing isolates...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562861/brain-abscess-after-stent-assisted-coiling-for-ruptured-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysm
#15
Jung Ho Ko, Young-Joon Kim, Hyun Ho Jung
A 24-year-old man was admitted with sudden severe headache. Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed a subarachnoid hemorrhage in the basal cistern and both Sylvian cisterns and a left internal carotid artery angiogram showed a small aneurysm on the bifurcation of the left middle cerebral artery. We performed Y-configured stent-assisted coil embolization. On the fifth post-embolization day, the patient had chills, and his body temperature was over 38℃. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from the venous blood sample...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508659/blood-culture-useful-only-in-selected-patients-with-urinary-tract-infections-a-literature-review
#16
Stamatis Karakonstantis, Dimitra Kalemaki
PURPOSE: The practice of obtaining blood culture in febrile urinary tract infections is controversial, considering that blood cultures rarely provide additional useful information compared to urine cultures alone. Furthermore, whether a longer treatment duration is necessary in bacteremic patients is also controversial. Here, we aim to review to relevant studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for studies providing information regarding the discordance between urine and blood cultures...
March 6, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506430/pregnancy-and-hemodialysis-access-a-case-for-patient-satisfaction-in-favor-of-a-tunneled-dialysis-catheter
#17
Sushil Mehandru, Attiya Haroon, Avais Masud, Mayurkumar Patel, Elmer Sadiang-Abay, Eric J Costanzo, Tushar J Vachharajani
While an arteriovenous fistula is the best available access, many patients continue to rely on a tunneled hemodialysis catheter for dialysis therapy. Despite the highest risk of catheter-related bacteremia and associated morbidity and mortality, patients often prefer tunneled hemodialysis catheter to avoid pain associated with cannulation of an arteriovenous access. We report three tunneled hemodialysis catheter-dependent end-stage renal disease patients (age: 38, 35, 33 years), who became pregnant. Pregnancy was discovered at 10, 12 and 10 weeks of gestation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468780/efficacy-of-routine-catheter-tip-culture-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#18
Taito Kitano, Kumiko Takagi, Ikuyo Arai, Hajime Yasuhara, Reiko Ebisu, Ayako Ohgitani, Daisuke Kitagawa, Miyako Oka, Kazue Masuo, Hideki Minowa
BACKGROUND: Routine catheter tip cultures are not recommended because some cases of colonization, such as with Staphylococcus aureus, can lead to subsequent bacteremia. To evaluate the safety of colonization without antimicrobial treatment, as well as the effectiveness of routine catheter tip cultures in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), we performed a retrospective data analysis in a Japanese community hospital. METHODS: We reviewed all peripherally inserted central venous catheter tip culture results from the NICU ward between April 2012 and June 2017 and noted outcome (i...
February 22, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452598/7-versus-14-days-of-antibiotic-treatment-for-critically-ill-patients-with-bloodstream-infection-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Nick Daneman, Asgar H Rishu, Ruxandra Pinto, Pierre Aslanian, Sean M Bagshaw, Alex Carignan, Emmanuel Charbonney, Bryan Coburn, Deborah J Cook, Michael E Detsky, Peter Dodek, Richard Hall, Anand Kumar, Francois Lamontagne, Francois Lauzier, John C Marshall, Claudio M Martin, Lauralyn McIntyre, John Muscedere, Steven Reynolds, Wendy Sligl, Henry T Stelfox, M Elizabeth Wilcox, Robert A Fowler
BACKGROUND: Shorter-duration antibiotic treatment is sufficient for a range of bacterial infections, but has not been adequately studied for bloodstream infections. Our systematic review, survey, and observational study indicated equipoise for a trial of 7 versus 14 days of antibiotic treatment for bloodstream infections; a pilot randomized clinical trial (RCT) was a necessary next step to assess feasibility of a larger trial. METHODS: We conducted an open, pilot RCT of antibiotic treatment duration among critically ill patients with bloodstream infection across 11 intensive care units (ICUs)...
February 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428697/transient-bacteremia-induced-by-dental-cleaning-is-not-associated-with-infection-of-central-venous-catheters-in-patients-with-cancer
#20
Saad Usmani, Linda Choquette, Robert Bona, Richard Feinn, Zainab Shahid, Rajesh V Lalla
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of bacteremia resulting from dental cleaning and of subsequent established bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by oral microorganisms in patients with cancer with central venous catheters (CVCs). STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-six patients with cancer with CVCs and absolute neutrophil count over 1000 cells/µL received dental cleaning without antibiotic prophylaxis. Periodontal status was assessed at baseline by using the Periodontal Screening and Recording (PSR) score...
April 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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