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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540223/asian-herbals-and-aphrodisiacs-used-for-managing-ed
#1
REVIEW
Peter H C Lim
In the East, many herbal tonics and preparations are used to assist the aging male improve his sexual drive or ability to perform penetrative sex by increasing sexual stimulation, erectile, ejaculatory, orgasmic and other responses for sexual function and satisfaction. The herbs and tonics act as or as "pick-me-ups" and energizing tonics which help the tired and fatigued male and those with sexual asthenia. The myths and realities concerning Tongkat Ali, sea horse, cobra meat and blood, animal penises and testicles amongst many other herbs and portions for oral intake or local application used by traditional "medical" practitioners and village doctors will be discussed...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526083/improving-local-health-workers-knowledge-of-malaria-in-the-elimination-phase-determinants-and-strategies-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-china
#2
Ruoxi Wang, Shangfeng Tang, Jun Yang, Tian Shao, Piaopiao Shao, Chunyan Liu, Da Feng, Hang Fu, Xiaoyu Chen, Tao Hu, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: The current stage of malaria elimination in China requires experienced local health workers with sufficient knowledge of malaria who help to keep the public health system vigilant about a possible resurgence. However, the influencing factors of local health workers' knowledge level are not fully comprehended. This study aims to explore the factors with heavy impact on local health worker's knowledge of malaria and propose corresponding suggestions. METHODS: Underpinned by stratified sampling method, a cross-sectional survey was carried out between November 2014 and April 2016...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497919/accurate-determination-of-childhood-food-allergy-prevalence-and-correction-of-unnecessary-avoidance
#3
Yuki Okada, Takumi Yamashita, Hideki Kumagai, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Akira Akasawa
PURPOSE: Because the true prevalence of food allergy (FA), as based on the results of an oral food challenge test (OFC), is unknown, it is likely that children with suspected FA unnecessarily eliminate potentially causative foods. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of FA and to determine the proportion of children who unnecessarily eliminate food. METHODS: To identify children with FA, a primary survey was conducted via a questionnaire with all children aged 0-18 years in Niijima village (remote islands of Japan)...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489812/are-public-health-physicians-still-needed-in-medically-underserved-rural-areas-in-korea
#4
Baeg Ju Na, Jin Yong Lee, Hyun Joo Kim
Public health physicians (PHPs) are certified physicians who are serving in a public health center or subcenter in a rural village, instead of serving in the military. However, the PHP program has recently become the subject of a profound debate, over 30 years after its adoption. In this study, we attempted to ascertain physicians' perspectives on the PHP program, including: whether the PHP policy should continue; if they agree on changing the role of PHPs in healthcare; what would be the desired role of PHPs; and what resources would be required and what possible barriers would be anticipated under the changes...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468067/-capture-mark-recapture-analysis-on-the-under-registration-rate-of-mortality-surveillance-program-in-jinan
#5
L Zhou, S Q Liu, J Zhang, Y Wang, J Han, Y J Liu
Objective: To evaluate the under-registration rate related to mortality surveillance program in Jinan city, from 2013 to 2014, using the capture-mark-recapture method. Methods: Under the stratified cluster random sampling method, samples were stratified, according to urban and rural areas. Two districts and three counties were chosen, with three towns/streets in each county/district and eight villages/communities in each township/street, randomly selected. With the participation of departments as civil affairs, public security, maternal/child institutions and community committees as well as individuals as village doctors and community leaders, a list of deaths from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014 was collected and compared to the National Mortality Surveillance System on the rates related to under-registration...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460766/potential-for-mobile-health-mhealth-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-kerala-a-population-based-survey
#6
Leo Feinberg, Jaideep Menon, Rebecca Smith, Jaya G Rajeev, Raman Krishan Kumar, Amitava Banerjee
BACKGROUND: India's southern state of Kerala stands at the forefront of India's epidemic of cardiovascular disease (CVD), among other non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mobile phone use in healthcare (mHealth) has shown promise in India, including NCDs. However, suitability and acceptability of m-Health interventions is poorly researched, particularly in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: METHODS: A questionnaire regarding mobile phone usage and possible use in healthcare was verbally administered in five primary health centres and by home visits in five village councils ("panchayats") of Ernakulam, Kerala...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420396/determinants-of-village-doctors-job-satisfaction-under-china-s-health-sector-reform-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#7
Tongtong Li, Trudy Lei, Fiona Sun, Zheng Xie
BACKGROUND: To strengthen rural health workforce, the Chinese government has launched a series of policies to promote the job satisfaction of village doctors since the health sector reform. The purpose of this mixed-method study is to describe village doctors' job satisfaction under the context of health sector reform and investigate the associated factors. METHODS: Data was obtained from a survey of village doctors across three Chinese provinces in 2014. Using a multistage sampling process, quantitative data was collected from village doctors through the self-administered questionnaire and analyzed by multilevel logistic regression models...
April 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420365/social-determinants-of-antibiotic-misuse-a-qualitative-study-of-community-members-in-haryana-india
#8
Anna K Barker, Kelli Brown, Muneeb Ahsan, Sharmila Sengupta, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a global public health crisis. In India alone, multi-drug resistant organisms are responsible for over 58,000 infant deaths each year. A major driver of drug resistance is antibiotic misuse, which is a pervasive phenomenon worldwide. Due to a shortage of trained doctors, access to licensed allopathic doctors is limited in India's villages. Pharmacists and unlicensed medical providers are commonly the primary sources of healthcare. Patients themselves are also key participants in the decision to treat an illness with antibiotics...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405986/assessment-of-compliance-to-treatment-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-amongst-previously-diagnosed-patients-from-rural-community-of-raigad-district-of-maharashtra
#9
Kiranmayi Venkata Kakumani, Prasad Waingankar
INTRODUCTION: Substantial burden of diabetes and hypertension is on rise in India, leading to a twin epidemic. India, being a rural country, has unique problems regarding the treatment compliance which is a serious risk for morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To assess the compliance to treatment of hypertension and diabetes amongst the diagnosed patients from rural area and to study reasons of non-compliance and knowledge and attitude. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Community based, cross sectional, observational study conducted in the rural communities of Tara and Barapada villages of Raigad district of Maharashtra...
December 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400954/increasing-use-of-mental-health-services-in-remote-areas-using-mobile-technology-a-pre-post-evaluation-of-the-smart-mental-health-project-in-rural-india
#10
Pallab K Maulik, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vamsi Krishna Vadlamani, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel
BACKGROUND: About 25% of the Indian population experience common mental disorders (CMD) but only 15-25% of them receive any mental health care. Stigma, lack of adequate mental health professionals and mental health services account for this treatment gap, which is worse in rural areas. Our project evaluated task shifting and mobile-technology based electronic decision support systems to enhance the ability of primary care health workers to provide evidence-based mental health care for stress, depression, and suicidal risk in 30 remote villages in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303162/indigenous-uses-and-pharmacological-activity-of-traditional-medicinal-plants-in-mount-taibai-china
#11
Na Chang, Ziwen Luo, Dengwu Li, Huiying Song
This study was carried out to investigate the indigenous use and pharmacological activity of traditional medicinal plants of Mount Taibai, China. Pharmacological data were collected by conducting informal interviews with local experienced doctors practicing traditional Chinese medicine and via open-ended questionnaires on villagers. We conclude that the residents of Mt. Taibai possess rich pharmacological knowledge. This study may help identify high-value traditional medicinal plant species, promote economic development associated with local medicinal plants, and increase awareness from government departments...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279184/the-most-used-medicinal-plants-by-communities-in-mahaboboka-amboronabo-mikoboka-southwestern-madagascar
#12
Tabita N Randrianarivony, Aro Vonjy Ramarosandratana, Tefy H Andriamihajarivo, Fortunat Rakotoarivony, Vololoniaina H Jeannoda, Armand Randrianasolo, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: This paper reports a study undertaken in three remote communities (Mahaboboka, Amboronabo, Mikoboka), located in Sakaraha, Southwestern Madagascar. Not only villages are far away from sanitary infrastructures and doctors but drugs and consulting fees are unaffordable to villagers. They rely essentially on natural resources for health care as for most of rural areas in Madagascar. This paper aims to document medicinal plants used by communities in Sakaraha and to present the most important plant species used in traditional medicine...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265784/-all-i-need-is-help-to-do-well-herbs-medicines-faith-and-syncretism-in-the-negotiation-of-elder-health-treatment-in-rural-ghana
#13
Eileen Smith-Cavros, Joyce Avotri-Wuaku, Albert Wuaku, Amal Bhullar
This qualitative research sought answers to questions about how elders in Agate, Ghana, coped with the challenges of illness in a rural village and in particular how they negotiated treatment for their illnesses within a flawed and limited healthcare system. In our study, 22 of 28 interviewees used all methods available to them (biomedical approaches [doctors and/or hospitals and/or doctor-prescribed medications], herbs, over-the-counter medicines [i.e., acetaminophen painkillers], and faith-based methods [praying/fasting/laying of hands/holy food and/or water]) in attempts to heal their illnesses...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247725/-prevalence-of-various-urination-disorders-in-residents-of-the-republic-of-dagestan
#14
Yu B Kazilov, Z K Gadzhieva, T M Mugutdinov, B R Kazilov
PURPOSE: to evaluate the prevalence of various urination disorders in residents of the Republic of Dagestan, and, thus, to improve their diagnosis and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 584 residents (264 men and 320 women) from different regions of the Republic of Dagestan took part in an anonymous questionnaire survey: 165 residents of Makhachkala, including 92 men and 73 women; 86 residents of Derbent and villages of Southern Dagestan, including 30 men and 56 women; 73 residents of Khasavyurt and Kizilyurt, including 34 men and 39 women; 53 residents of Buynaksk, including 19 men and 34 women; 42 residents of Izberbash, including 19 men and 23 women; 58 residents of the Kaspiysk, 29 men and 29 women; 42 residents of Kayakent, 4 men and 38 women; 65 residents of other regions of the Republic of Dagestan (Karabudakhkent, Gumbet, Gunibsk, Shamil, Khunzakh, Botlikh, Kazbek, Levashin, Tlyaratin, and Tsumadin regions), 37 men and 28 women...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224422/satisfaction-of-village-doctors-with-the-township-and-village-health-services-integration-policy-in-the-western-minority-inhabited-areas-of-china
#15
Da Feng, Liang Zhang, Yuan-Xi Xiang, Dong-Lan Zhang, Ruo-Xi Wang, Shang-Feng Tang, Hang Fu, Bo-Yang Li
Township and Village Health Services Integration Management (TVHSIM) is an essential form of China's two-tiered health service integration plan at the township and village level. Its main purpose, also one of the target goals in China's new healthcare reform, is to gradually integrate rural health services and appropriately allocate rural health resources. This study aims to assess the village doctors' satisfaction with the TVHSIM and provide scientific base to further improve TVHSIM. A cross-sectional study was carried out in which 162 village doctors from Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang in western China were interviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220088/it-takes-a-virtual-village-exploring-the-role-of-a-career-community-to-support-sensemaking-as-a-proactive-socialization-practice
#16
Darren Good, Kevin Cavanagh
Scholars have long advocated for individuals to play a more proactive role during organizational entry rather than relying on institutionally led processes. The primary benefit being that the newcomer moves from passive recipient, dependent on the institution to highlight relevant information, to active agent with self-determined sources and methods to aid in adjustment. A virtual career community made up of 12 first year business faculty members was created to provide such a self-determined source of support during the transition from doctoral studies to full-time assistant professorship...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212641/local-constraints-to-access-appropriate-malaria-treatment-in-the-context-of-parasite-resistance-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#17
Jesse Verschuere, Tom Decroo, Dara Lim, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Chea Nguon, Rekol Huy, Yasmine Alkourdi, Koen Peeters Grietens, Charlotte Gryseels
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging drug resistance in Cambodia, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is still the most efficacious therapy. ACT is available free of charge in the Cambodian public sector and at a subsidized rate in the private sector. However, un- and mistreated cases in combination with population movements may lead to the further spread of resistant parasites, stressing the importance of understanding how the perceived aetiology of malaria and associated health-seeking behaviour may delay access to appropriate treatment...
February 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#18
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190626/interrupting-pathways-to-sepsis-effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-delays-in-timely-care-for-sick-children-in-rural-bangladesh
#19
Frances E Aboud, Ehsanur Rahman, Rosemin Kassam, Jasmin Khan, Nabeel Ashraf Ali, Fahmida Taleb
RATIONALE: The time it takes for a child with suspected sepsis to receive care is critical. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated care-seeking practices for sick children under 5 years in rural Bangladesh, following interpersonal communication to inform households of newly introduced supports for quality care. Based on the Delays Framework, we assessed length and source of care-seeking delays, use of formal providers, and autonomous decision-making among mothers. METHOD: Using two cross-sectional rounds before and after the 3-year intervention (August 2012 and August 2015), we surveyed 400 mothers of recently sick children in 26 randomly sampled villages from 2 intervention and 2 control subdistricts, using structured questions about delays...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038484/-the-first-record-of-the-delivery-of-conjoined-twins-in-the-srem-county-in-the-19th-century
#20
Jovan Maksimović, Marko Maksimović
In this paper is presented the first original document of the delivery of conjoined twins on the territory of the present-day Vojvodina. The document number 1224 consists of two handwritten quires. On the first page of the first quire are a description and a drawing of the delivered twins. The delivery was described and drawn by Dr. Ernest Furjaković, a shire physician in Ruma and the secondary physicus of the Srem County, who attended and handled the delivery. The conjoined twins were delivered in the night between 2 and 3 April 1852 in Mali Radinci, a small village in the Srem County nearby Ruma, in the far south of the Habsburg Monarchy...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
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