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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137518/unlikely-surgeons-a-surgeon-in-the-village-an-american-doctor-teaches-brain-surgery-in-africa-by-tony-bartelme-boston-ma-beacon-press-2017-288-pp-27-95
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109671/the-role-and-characteristics-of-collections-of-folk-recepies-in-the-folk-and-traditional-medicine-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#2
REVIEW
Armin Skrbo, Izet Masic
Introduction: Folk medicine represents part of the folk culture, when we first think about the rural culture with characteristic of the rural population in the pre-industrial period. The difference between official and folk medicine is manifested in the education, knowledge and social status of those practicing folk medicine as well as their patients. The most common ways of treating were the treatment by use of herbs, magic and treatments based on religious beliefs. So, it is of no surprise that folk medicine was the main form of treatment for the inhabitants of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) in the past...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041791/public-awareness-of-audiology-hearing-and-hearing-health-in-the-limpopo-province-south-africa
#3
Karin Joubert, Ben Sebothoma, Khomotjo S Kgare
BACKGROUND: The burden of hearing loss is on the increase, especially in low-income countries such as South Africa. The need for urgent action to prevent ear and hearing problems is a priority, especially as in many cases permanent hearing loss is preventable. In South Africa, as in other developing countries, there is a limited number of hearing health professionals and audiological resources. The lack of hearing health services may impact the general public's awareness of hearing and hearing health...
September 28, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#4
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990400/-trust-me-i-m-a-doctor-a-qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-paternalism-and-older-people-in-decision-making-when-they-have-lost-their-capacity
#5
Joanne Cole, Oleg Kiriaev, Phillipa Malpas, Gary Cheung
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore whether older people want their doctors to make treatment decisions on their behalf when they no longer have capacity to do so, and their reasons for these preferences. METHOD: A convenience sample of older people from two retirement villages were interviewed and asked to respond to a hypothetical vignette. Their responses were analysed using qualitative thematic methodology. RESULTS: Thirty-seven people (56...
October 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954497/knowledge-on-neoplastic-diseases-among-young-rural-inhabitants
#6
Anna Lewandowska, Rafał Filip
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to analyze the level of knowledge on tumours and their prevention among rural inhabitants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research involved 500 residents of villages in Podkarpackie Province in south-east Poland. The age of the researched ranges from 18-30 years; mean age - 26.96±0.84 (range [18, 30], median 25.95%CI [18, 9, 29, 01]). The researched group was represented in 47.59% by women in 52.41% by men. In order to obtain the research material, a standardized questionnaire was applied which included questions focused mainly on assessment of the level of knowledge on tumours (causes, symptoms, ways of treatment, prevention), as well as questions with both spontaneous and prompted answers...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936853/-classics-textual-research-and-using-situation-investigation-of-tibetan-medicine-zha-xun
#7
Yun Cao, Rui Gu, Ming-Ming Zhao, Yu-Ying Ma, Shi-Hong Zhong, Jian Rang, Peng Mi
In this article the classics textual research to the origin of "Zha-xun" was carried out, the ethnobotanical research methods, the origin of visits, key informant interviews, sample collection and textual research were applied in the research. The results showed that the hypothesis of Zha-xun"s origin mainly included "source of mine", "source of feces", "source of monkey menstrual blood" in China. There were "source of fossil", "source of the plant secretion" abroad. The authors had interviewed the villagers at origin, herbalists, Tibetan doctors, herb dealers, foreign scholars for a total of 18 people, and collecting 45 batches medicinal materials...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853532/-notes-from-a-six-months-volunteer-mission-as-medical-staff-in-a-district-hospital-in-uganda
#8
Reut Harel, Eitan Miron, Ronen Stoff, Yahel Segal
In December 2014 my husband and I flew for a stay of six months in Uganda. We went there in order to volunteer in the district hospital of Kiboga, one of the most impoverished districts of this poverty stricken country. A district in which over 60% of the population lives off less than a dollar and twenty five cents a day, in which the average life expectancy is 46.7 years (9.1 years lower than the national average expectancy). Kiboga's district hospital serves the 300,000 residents of the district, of whom 20,000 live in the district capital, while the rest are mainly farmers and cattle keepers, scattered in small villages that have limited and weather-dependent access...
August 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827941/analytical-study-of-short-and-long-term-results-of-home-based-palliative-care-services-to-cancer-patients
#9
Dhritiman Datta, Gautam Majumdar, Shiromani Debbarma, Badan Janapati, Amit Kumar Datta
AIMS AND OBJECT: Identification and selection of patients suffering from terminal stage in bed ridden condition upto village level and to determine the type of palliative care need. Also to asses the effectiveness of the palliative care provided at the bed side. MATERIALS: All registered patients under palliative care of Regional Cancer Centre, Agartala from 2014 April to 2016 March. METHODS: A retrospective study. Ten teams comprising of doctors, nurses, pharmacists & Social Workers were trained and engaged in this study for symptom assessment and pain relief of palliative patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805702/study-on-the-status-of-health-service-utilization-among-caregivers-of-left-behind-children-in-poor-rural-areas-of-hunan-province-a-baseline-survey
#10
Meimei Ji, Yefu Zhang, Jiaojiao Zou, Tong Yuan, Amber Tang, Jing Deng, Lina Yang, Mingzhi Li, Jihua Chen, Hong Qin, Qian Lin
BACKGROUND: The caregivers of left-behind children (CLBC) in China's poor, rural areas are mostly elderly and women. Their health status and access to health services have not been previously characterized. This study aims to explore the status of CLBC in terms of their health service utilization and to provide a scientific basis for guiding effective implementation of health policy in rural Hunan. METHODS: Random cluster sampling was used to survey CLBC in two rural counties...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768670/self-medication-complicating-pseudo-membranous-conjunctivitis
#11
Prabhakar Singh, Sushank Bhalerao, Padmaja Kumari Rani
We aim to highlight the prevalence of using local medications for curing eye ailments in a rural population and the harmful consequence of resultant disease, ranging from something as mild as conjunctivitis to sight-threatening conditions. This case report will address one such incidence where in a local village, the doctor known as a registered medical practitioner) in the rural community, uses local remedies for his conjunctivitis and ends up in a condition where he cannot see anything beyond perceiving light...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711838/depressive-symptoms-and-correlates-among-village-doctors-in-china
#12
Ling-Xi Gu, Jie Chu, Zhen-Biao Qi, Cun-Xian Jia
BACKGROUND: Village doctors are primary care physicians at the grass root-level of rural medical and health institutions in China. Their depression can increase medical errors and affect quality of medical care services. This study aims to examine depressive symptoms and their correlates among Chinese village doctors. METHODS: A total of 616 village doctors were recruited from Zoucheng County of Shandong province. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Duke Social Support Index (DSSI) and the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ) were used to measure depressive symptoms in the last week, social support and coping styles, respectively...
August 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702204/exploring-the-status-of-retail-private-drug-shops-in-bangladesh-and-action-points-for-developing-an-accredited-drug-shop-model-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Syed Masud Ahmed, Nahitun Naher, Tarek Hossain, Lal Bahadur Rawal
BACKGROUND: The private retail drug shops market in Bangladesh is largely unregulated and unaccountable, giving rise to irrational use of drugs and high Out-of-pocket expenditure on health. These shops are served by salespersons with meagre or no formal training in dispensing. METHOD: This facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate how the drug shops currently operate vis-a-vis the regulatory regime including dispensing practices of the salespersons, for identifying key action points to develop an accredited model for Bangladesh...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702176/monitoring-and-evaluating-the-adherence-to-a-complementary-food-supplement-ying-yang-bao-among-young-children-in-rural-qinghai-china-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-study
#14
Qiong Wu, Yanfeng Zhang, Suying Chang, Wei Wang, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Huijun Han, Min Xing, Li Chen, Xiaozhen Du, Robert W Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: Large investments are currently made in community-based complementary food supplement (Ying Yang Bao, YYB) programs to improve nutrition of young children in rural areas in China. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the experience and challenges of implementing YYB programs in China. We aimed to: 1) monitor distribution of YYB; 2) assess children's adherence to and acceptability of YYB; and 3) evaluate community-based strategies to improve the program. METHODS: This mixed methods evaluation study combined data from surveys and focus groups that took place during a controlled interventional evaluation trial...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666444/development-of-village-doctors-in-china-financial-compensation-and-health-system-support
#15
REVIEW
Dan Hu, Weiming Zhu, Yaqun Fu, Minmin Zhang, Yang Zhao, Kara Hanson, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Xiaoyun Liu
BACKGROUND: Since 1968, China has trained about 1.5 million barefoot doctors in a few years' time to provide basic health services to 0.8 billion rural population. China's Ministry of Health stopped using the term of barefoot doctor in 1985, and changed policy to develop village doctors. Since then, village doctors have kept on playing an irreplaceable role in China's rural health, even though the number of village doctors has fluctuated over the years and they face serious challenges...
July 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664686/knowledge-of-parents-from-urban-and-rural-areas-vs-prevention-methods-of-hearing-loss-threats-seen-as-challenges-for-public-health
#16
Maria Danuta Głowacka, Piotr Świdziński, Anna Frankowska, Beata Bajurna, Jerzy Marcinkowski, Ewa Mojs
[b]Introduction.[/b] Parents as day-to-day caregivers looking after their children's health and upbringing are crucial in the process of hearing loss prevention among the young. The aim of the study was to assess the parents' knowledge and awareness of hazards bringing about hearing loss, possibilities to prevent this, as well as their reaction in the case of problems of their children with hearing. [b]Material and methods. [/b]The research group comprised respondents (402 persons), medical or paramedical professionals...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540223/asian-herbals-and-aphrodisiacs-used-for-managing-ed
#17
REVIEW
Peter H C Lim
In the East, many herbal tonics and preparations are used to assist the aging male improve his sexual drive or ability to perform penetrative sex by increasing sexual stimulation, erectile, ejaculatory, orgasmic and other responses for sexual function and satisfaction. The herbs and tonics act as or as "pick-me-ups" and energizing tonics which help the tired and fatigued male and those with sexual asthenia. The myths and realities concerning Tongkat Ali, sea horse, cobra meat and blood, animal penises and testicles amongst many other herbs and portions for oral intake or local application used by traditional "medical" practitioners and village doctors will be discussed...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526083/improving-local-health-workers-knowledge-of-malaria-in-the-elimination-phase-determinants-and-strategies-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-china
#18
Ruoxi Wang, Shangfeng Tang, Jun Yang, Tian Shao, Piaopiao Shao, Chunyan Liu, Da Feng, Hang Fu, Xiaoyu Chen, Tao Hu, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: The current stage of malaria elimination in China requires experienced local health workers with sufficient knowledge of malaria who help to keep the public health system vigilant about a possible resurgence. However, the influencing factors of local health workers' knowledge level are not fully comprehended. This study aims to explore the factors with heavy impact on local health worker's knowledge of malaria and propose corresponding suggestions. METHODS: Underpinned by stratified sampling method, a cross-sectional survey was carried out between November 2014 and April 2016...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497919/accurate-determination-of-childhood-food-allergy-prevalence-and-correction-of-unnecessary-avoidance
#19
Yuki Okada, Takumi Yamashita, Hideki Kumagai, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Akira Akasawa
PURPOSE: Because the true prevalence of food allergy (FA), as based on the results of an oral food challenge test (OFC), is unknown, it is likely that children with suspected FA unnecessarily eliminate potentially causative foods. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of FA and to determine the proportion of children who unnecessarily eliminate food. METHODS: To identify children with FA, a primary survey was conducted via a questionnaire with all children aged 0-18 years in Niijima village (remote islands of Japan)...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489812/are-public-health-physicians-still-needed-in-medically-underserved-rural-areas-in-korea
#20
Baeg Ju Na, Jin Yong Lee, Hyun Joo Kim
Public health physicians (PHPs) are certified physicians who are serving in a public health center or subcenter in a rural village, instead of serving in the military. However, the PHP program has recently become the subject of a profound debate, over 30 years after its adoption. In this study, we attempted to ascertain physicians' perspectives on the PHP program, including: whether the PHP policy should continue; if they agree on changing the role of PHPs in healthcare; what would be the desired role of PHPs; and what resources would be required and what possible barriers would be anticipated under the changes...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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