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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303162/indigenous-uses-and-pharmacological-activity-of-traditional-medicinal-plants-in-mount-taibai-china
#1
Na Chang, Ziwen Luo, Dengwu Li, Huiying Song
This study was carried out to investigate the indigenous use and pharmacological activity of traditional medicinal plants of Mount Taibai, China. Pharmacological data were collected by conducting informal interviews with local experienced doctors practicing traditional Chinese medicine and via open-ended questionnaires on villagers. We conclude that the residents of Mt. Taibai possess rich pharmacological knowledge. This study may help identify high-value traditional medicinal plant species, promote economic development associated with local medicinal plants, and increase awareness from government departments...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279184/the-most-used-medicinal-plants-by-communities-in-mahaboboka-amboronabo-mikoboka-southwestern-madagascar
#2
Tabita N Randrianarivony, Aro Vonjy Ramarosandratana, Tefy H Andriamihajarivo, Fortunat Rakotoarivony, Vololoniaina H Jeannoda, Armand Randrianasolo, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: This paper reports a study undertaken in three remote communities (Mahaboboka, Amboronabo, Mikoboka), located in Sakaraha, Southwestern Madagascar. Not only villages are far away from sanitary infrastructures and doctors but drugs and consulting fees are unaffordable to villagers. They rely essentially on natural resources for health care as for most of rural areas in Madagascar. This paper aims to document medicinal plants used by communities in Sakaraha and to present the most important plant species used in traditional medicine...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265784/-all-i-need-is-help-to-do-well-herbs-medicines-faith-and-syncretism-in-the-negotiation-of-elder-health-treatment-in-rural-ghana
#3
Eileen Smith-Cavros, Joyce Avotri-Wuaku, Albert Wuaku, Amal Bhullar
This qualitative research sought answers to questions about how elders in Agate, Ghana, coped with the challenges of illness in a rural village and in particular how they negotiated treatment for their illnesses within a flawed and limited healthcare system. In our study, 22 of 28 interviewees used all methods available to them (biomedical approaches [doctors and/or hospitals and/or doctor-prescribed medications], herbs, over-the-counter medicines [i.e., acetaminophen painkillers], and faith-based methods [praying/fasting/laying of hands/holy food and/or water]) in attempts to heal their illnesses...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247725/-prevalence-of-various-urination-disorders-in-residents-of-the-republic-of-dagestan
#4
Yu B Kazilov, Z K Gadzhieva, T M Mugutdinov, B R Kazilov
PURPOSE: to evaluate the prevalence of various urination disorders in residents of the Republic of Dagestan, and, thus, to improve their diagnosis and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 584 residents (264 men and 320 women) from different regions of the Republic of Dagestan took part in an anonymous questionnaire survey: 165 residents of Makhachkala, including 92 men and 73 women; 86 residents of Derbent and villages of Southern Dagestan, including 30 men and 56 women; 73 residents of Khasavyurt and Kizilyurt, including 34 men and 39 women; 53 residents of Buynaksk, including 19 men and 34 women; 42 residents of Izberbash, including 19 men and 23 women; 58 residents of the Kaspiysk, 29 men and 29 women; 42 residents of Kayakent, 4 men and 38 women; 65 residents of other regions of the Republic of Dagestan (Karabudakhkent, Gumbet, Gunibsk, Shamil, Khunzakh, Botlikh, Kazbek, Levashin, Tlyaratin, and Tsumadin regions), 37 men and 28 women...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224422/satisfaction-of-village-doctors-with-the-township-and-village-health-services-integration-policy-in-the-western-minority-inhabited-areas-of-china
#5
Da Feng, Liang Zhang, Yuan-Xi Xiang, Dong-Lan Zhang, Ruo-Xi Wang, Shang-Feng Tang, Hang Fu, Bo-Yang Li
Township and Village Health Services Integration Management (TVHSIM) is an essential form of China's two-tiered health service integration plan at the township and village level. Its main purpose, also one of the target goals in China's new healthcare reform, is to gradually integrate rural health services and appropriately allocate rural health resources. This study aims to assess the village doctors' satisfaction with the TVHSIM and provide scientific base to further improve TVHSIM. A cross-sectional study was carried out in which 162 village doctors from Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang in western China were interviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220088/it-takes-a-virtual-village-exploring-the-role-of-a-career-community-to-support-sensemaking-as-a-proactive-socialization-practice
#6
Darren Good, Kevin Cavanagh
Scholars have long advocated for individuals to play a more proactive role during organizational entry rather than relying on institutionally led processes. The primary benefit being that the newcomer moves from passive recipient, dependent on the institution to highlight relevant information, to active agent with self-determined sources and methods to aid in adjustment. A virtual career community made up of 12 first year business faculty members was created to provide such a self-determined source of support during the transition from doctoral studies to full-time assistant professorship...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212641/local-constraints-to-access-appropriate-malaria-treatment-in-the-context-of-parasite-resistance-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jesse Verschuere, Tom Decroo, Dara Lim, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Chea Nguon, Rekol Huy, Yasmine Alkourdi, Koen Peeters Grietens, Charlotte Gryseels
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging drug resistance in Cambodia, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is still the most efficacious therapy. ACT is available free of charge in the Cambodian public sector and at a subsidized rate in the private sector. However, un- and mistreated cases in combination with population movements may lead to the further spread of resistant parasites, stressing the importance of understanding how the perceived aetiology of malaria and associated health-seeking behaviour may delay access to appropriate treatment...
February 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#8
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190626/interrupting-pathways-to-sepsis-effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-delays-in-timely-care-for-sick-children-in-rural-bangladesh
#9
Frances E Aboud, Ehsanur Rahman, Rosemin Kassam, Jasmin Khan, Nabeel Ashraf Ali, Fahmida Taleb
RATIONALE: The time it takes for a child with suspected sepsis to receive care is critical. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated care-seeking practices for sick children under 5 years in rural Bangladesh, following interpersonal communication to inform households of newly introduced supports for quality care. Based on the Delays Framework, we assessed length and source of care-seeking delays, use of formal providers, and autonomous decision-making among mothers. METHOD: Using two cross-sectional rounds before and after the 3-year intervention (August 2012 and August 2015), we surveyed 400 mothers of recently sick children in 26 randomly sampled villages from 2 intervention and 2 control subdistricts, using structured questions about delays...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038484/-the-first-record-of-the-delivery-of-conjoined-twins-in-the-srem-county-in-the-19th-century
#10
Jovan Maksimović, Marko Maksimović
In this paper is presented the first original document of the delivery of conjoined twins on the territory of the present-day Vojvodina. The document number 1224 consists of two handwritten quires. On the first page of the first quire are a description and a drawing of the delivered twins. The delivery was described and drawn by Dr. Ernest Furjaković, a shire physician in Ruma and the secondary physicus of the Srem County, who attended and handled the delivery. The conjoined twins were delivered in the night between 2 and 3 April 1852 in Mali Radinci, a small village in the Srem County nearby Ruma, in the far south of the Habsburg Monarchy...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968827/operational-challenges-to-the-1-3-7-surveillance-strategy-for-malaria-elimination-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#11
Guang-Yu Lu, Yao-Bao Liu, Claudia Beiersmann, Yu Feng, Jun Cao, Olaf Müller
BACKGROUND: China aims to eliminate malaria by 2020. In 2012, China launched its 1-3-7 malaria surveillance strategy, which refers to case reporting within one day, case investigation within three days, and focus investigation and public health actions within seven days. The aim of this study was to identify operational challenges to the 1-3-7 surveillance strategy. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in northwestern (Gansu Province) and southeastern (Jiangsu Province) China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931992/the-attitudes-of-primary-healthcare-providers-towards-web-based-training-on-public-health-services-in-rural-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
X X Zhan, Z X Zhang, F Sun, W J Peng, H Zhang, W R Yan
OBJECTIVES: To explore the attitudes of primary healthcare workers, including township public health workers (TPHWs) and village doctors (ViDs), towards web-based training on basic public health services (BPHS) and to examine the factors influencing their attitudes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Questionnaires addressing training status, needs, and attitudes towards web-based public health training were administered to 2768 primary healthcare workers from May to September 2013...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905970/a-feasibility-study-on-using-smartphones-to-conduct-short-version-verbal-autopsies-in-rural-china
#13
Jing Zhang, Rohina Joshi, Jixin Sun, Samantha R Rosenthal, Miao Tong, Cong Li, Rasika Rampatige, Meghan Mooney, Alan Lopez, Lijing L Yan
BACKGROUND: Currently there are two main sources of mortality data with cause of death assignments in China. Both sources-the Ministry of Health-Vital Registration system and the Chinese Disease Surveillance Point system-present their own challenges. A new approach to cause of death assignment is a smartphone-based shortened version of a verbal autopsy survey. This study evaluates the feasibility and acceptability of this new method conducted by township health care providers (THP) and village doctors (VD) in rural China, where a large proportion of deaths occur in homes and cause of death data are inaccurate or lacking...
August 20, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875031/prevalence-of-neural-tube-defects-in-a-rural-area-of-north-india-from-2001-to-2014-a-population-based-survey
#14
Shashi Kant, Sumit Malhotra, Arvind Kumar Singh, Partha Haldar, Ravneet Kaur, Puneet Misra, Neerja Gupta
BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the commonest birth defects. There was paucity of community-based data on occurrence of NTDs in India, especially from rural parts of the country. Against this background, the current study was carried out with main objectives to determine the prevalence of NTDs and its specific types (anencephaly, spina bifida and encephalocele) in a rural community setting over the time period 2001 to 2014. METHODS: This was a community-based cross-sectional study carried out in 28 villages of Ballabgarh Tehsil of Faridabad district in north India (population ∼ 96,000)...
November 22, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853517/maternal-complications-in-a-geographically-challenging-and-hard-to-reach-district-of-bangladesh-a-qualitative-study
#15
Animesh Biswas, Koustuv Dalal, Abu Sayeed Md Abdullah, Mervyn Gifford, M A Halim
Background: Maternal complications contribute to maternal deaths in developing countries. Bangladesh still has a high prevalence of maternal mortality, which is often preventable. There are some geographically challenging and hard to reach rural districts in Bangladesh and it is difficult to get information about maternal complications in these areas. In this study, we examined the community lay knowledge of possible pregnancy complications. We also examined the common practices associated with complications and we discuss the challenges for the community...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821502/an-approach-to-assessment-of-keshan-disease-elimination-at-the-township-level
#16
Shie Li, Tong Wang, Chao Ye, Qi Li, Zidan Guo, Huan Wu, Hong Liu, Xiangzhi Gao, Huihui Zhou, Hongyang Pang, Jing Deng, Xin Jiang, Feng Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to pilot a method of a small-scale survey for the assessment of Keshan disease (KD) elimination at township level. METHODS: The prevalence of chronic KD was obtained by case-searching the whole population. The endemic village with the highest prevalence of chronic KD was selected as the key village for the survey of latent KD prevalence rate among permanent residents. The selenium levels in the head hair of individuals in the key village was measured...
November 2016: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799239/effectiveness-of-complementary-food-supplements-and-dietary-counselling-on-anaemia-and-stunting-in-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-areas-of-qinghai-province-china-a-controlled-interventional-study
#17
Yanfeng Zhang, Qiong Wu, Wei Wang, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Suying Chang, Huijun Han, Min Xing, Li Chen, Robert W Scherpbier
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of dietary counselling and complementary food supplements on anaemia and stunting prevalence in children aged 6-23 months. DESIGN: A controlled intervention study with measurements of height and haemoglobin levels, and cross-sectional surveys in August 2012 (baseline), 2013 (mid-term) and 2014 (end-line). SETTING: One intervention county and one control county in rural Qinghai Province, China. INTERVENTION: Complementary food supplements (containing protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin A, B1, B2, B12, D3, folic acid, iron, zinc and calcium) and complementary feeding counselling were given in the intervention county...
October 31, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733145/coordination-of-care-in-the-chinese-health-care-systems-a-gap-analysis-of-service-delivery-from-a-provider-perspective
#18
Xin Wang, Stephen Birch, Weiming Zhu, Huifen Ma, Mark Embrett, Qingyue Meng
BACKGROUND: Increases in health care utilization and costs, resulting from the rising prevalence of chronic conditions related to the aging population, is exacerbated by a high level of fragmentation that characterizes health care systems in China. There have been several pilot studies in China, aimed at system-level care coordination and its impact on the full integration of health care system, but little is known about their practical effects. Huangzhong County is one of the pilot study sites that introduced organizational integration (a dimension of integrated care) among health care institutions as a means to improve system-level care coordination...
October 12, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725067/profile-joseph-marek-2016-17-ascp-president
#19
Marlene Z Bloom
It was four months in Alaska, in the middle of winter, that changed Joseph Marek's view of what it means to be a pharmacist. Marek was on his last rotation in pharmacy school when he experienced the kind of practice that he wanted for himself. He found that kind of practice as a consultant pharmacist, and next month, Marek, 49, will become the 2016-2017 president of the American Society of Consulting Pharmacists. Working at the Public Health Service (PHS) in the Arctic Circle in 1990, he dispensed and carried out clinical duties with the chief pharmacist and provided care to the native Inuit population through the Indian Health Service...
2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716398/challenges-in-and-lessons-learned-during-the-implementation-of-the-1-3-7-malaria-surveillance-and-response-strategy-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#20
Guangyu Lu, Yaobao Liu, Claudia Beiersmann, Yu Feng, Jun Cao, Olaf Müller
BACKGROUND: China has made great progress in malaria control over the last century and now aims to eliminate malaria by 2020. In 2012, the country launched its 1-3-7 surveillance and response strategy for malaria elimination. The strategy involves to case reporting within 1 day, case investigation within 3 days, and focus investigation and public health actions within 7 days. The aim of this study was to evaluate the challenges in and lessons learned during the implementation of the 1-3-7 strategy in China so far...
October 5, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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