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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913659/formative-research-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-develop-an-oral-health-intervention-for-migrant-mexican-families
#1
Tracy L Finlayson, Padideh Asgari, Lisa Hoffman, Ana Palomo-Zerfas, Martha Gonzalez, Nannette Stamm, Maria-Isabel Rocha, Arcela Nunez-Alvarez
Oral health is a leading unmet health need among migrant families. This article describes the 1-year, community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach employed to plan and develop a Líder Communitario (lay community health worker)-led educational intervention for Mexican migrant adult caregivers and their families in three underserved, remote communities in North San Diego County, California. Four partner organizations collaborated, reviewed existing oral health curricula, and sought extensive input on educational topics and research design from key informants, migrant caregivers, and Líderes Communitarios...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894389/-qualitative-study-on-the-current-status-of-hospitalized-burn-children-s-quality-of-life
#2
R Q Lin, L Li, L Xu, Q Pan, J X Dai
Objective: To explore the current status of hospitalized burn children's quality of life, so as to lay foundation for carrying out the related intervention in future. Methods: Using qualitative research method, semi-structured interviews were conducted on 11 parents of burn children hospitalized in Department of Burns of Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from March to May 2016. Then the data were analyzed and concluded with phenomenological analysis method to refine the themes. Results: Parents' description about the current status of hospitalized burn children's quality of life could be summed up into four areas: physiology, psychology, social development, and family; and in six themes: obvious itching symptom, limited movement development, night terror and constant cry because of fear, reduced social game, negative attachment type, and parents under multiple pressures...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875482/impact-of-community-health-workers-on-elderly-patients-advance-care-planning-and-health-care-utilization-moving-the-dial
#3
Debra K Litzelman, Thomas S Inui, Wilma J Griffin, Anthony Perkins, Ann H Cottingham, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Steven S Ivy
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) is recommended for all persons to ensure that the care they receive aligns with their values and preferences. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an ACP intervention developed to better meet the needs and priorities of persons with chronic diseases, including mild cognitive impairment. RESEARCH DESIGN: A year-long, pre-post intervention using lay community health workers [care coordinator assistants (CCAs)] trained to conduct and document ACP conversations with patients during home health visits with pre-post evaluation...
November 21, 2016: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870795/achieving-equity-in-physical-activity-participation-acsm-experience-and-next-steps
#4
Rebecca E Hasson, David R Brown, Joan Dorn, Lisa Barkley, Carol Torgan, Melicia Whitt-Glover, Barbara Ainsworth, NiCole Keith
There is clear and consistent evidence that regular physical activity is an important component of healthy lifestyles, and fundamental to promoting health and preventing disease. Despite the known benefits of physical activity participation, many people in the United States (US) remain inactive. More specifically, physical activity behavior is socially patterned with lower participation rates among women, racial/ethnic minorities, sexual minority youth, individuals with less education, persons with physical, mental and cognitive disabilities, individuals > 65 years of age, and those living in the southeast region of the US...
November 19, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864988/time-to-question-diabetes-self-management-support-for-arabic-speaking-migrants-exploring-a-new-model-of-care
#5
H Alzubaidi, K McNamara, C Browning
AIM: The objective of this study was to explore a new model for diabetes self-management support in Arabic-speaking migrants. METHODS: Two qualitative methods were used: face-to-face semi-structured individual interviews and focus groups. Interviews were audio-taped, transcribed verbatim and coded thematically. Arabic-speaking migrants with Type 2 diabetes were recruited from several primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare settings in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia...
November 16, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863515/feasibility-trial-of-a-scalable-psychological-intervention-for-women-affected-by-urban-adversity-and-gender-based-violence-in-nairobi
#6
Katie S Dawson, Alison Schafer, Dorothy Anjuri, Lincoln Ndogoni, Caroline Musyoki, Marit Sijbrandij, Mark van Ommeren, Richard A Bryant
BACKGROUND: Living in conditions of chronic adversity renders many women more vulnerable to experiencing gender-based violence (GBV). In addition to GBV's physical and social consequences, the psychological effects can be pervasive. Access to evidence-based psychological interventions that seek to support the mental health of women affected by such adversity is rare in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: The current study evaluates a brief evidence-informed psychological intervention developed by the World Health Organization for adults impacted by adversity (Problem Management Plus; PM+)...
November 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861500/development-of-a-tool-to-stage-households-readiness-to-change-dietary-behaviours-in-kerala-india
#7
Meena Daivadanam, T K Sundari Ravindran, K R Thankappan, P S Sarma, Rolf Wahlström
Dietary interventions and existing health behaviour theories are centred on individuals; therefore, none of the available tools are applicable to households for changing dietary behaviour. The objective of this pilot study was to develop a practical tool that could be administered by community volunteers to stage households in rural Kerala based on readiness to change dietary behaviour. Such a staging tool, comprising a questionnaire and its algorithm, focusing five dietary components (fruits, vegetables, salt, sugar and oil) and households (rather than individuals), was finalised through three consecutive pilot validation sessions, conducted over a four-month period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779308/pulmonary-function-among-latino-thoroughbred-horse-farmworkers
#8
John C Flunker, Jessica Miller Clouser, David Mannino, Jennifer Swanberg
BACKGROUND: Latino thoroughbred workers may be at risk for developing abnormal pulmonary function related to occupational exposures. METHODS: Eighty worker participants were recruited via community-based purposive sampling. Questionnaires and spirometry tests were administered by trained lay health promoters. Demographic and occupational factors were assessed for associations with respiratory outcomes via multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of participants exhibited abnormal pulmonary function (primarily restrictive), 79% reported any respiratory symptoms, and 94% infrequently used dust masks...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769312/community-health-worker-in-hard-to-reach-rural-areas-of-myanmar-filling-primary-health-care-service-gaps
#9
Angkana Sommanustweechai, Weerasak Putthasri, Mya Lay Nwe, Saw Thetlya Aung, Mya Min Theint, Viroj Tangcharoensathien, San Shway Wynn
BACKGROUND: Myanmar is classified as critical shortage of health workforce. In responses to limited number of trained health workforce in the hard-to-reach and remote areas, the MOH trained the Community Health Worker (CHW) as health volunteers serving these communities on a pro bono basis. This study aimed to assess the socio-economic profiles, contributions of CHW to primary health care services and their needs for supports to maintain their quality contributions in rural hard to reach areas in Myanmar...
October 21, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756450/barriers-and-facilitators-of-interventions-for-improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-a-systematic-review-of-global-qualitative-evidence
#10
Qingyan Ma, Lai Sze Tso, Zachary C Rich, Brian J Hall, Rachel Beanland, Haochu Li, Mellanye Lackey, Fengyu Hu, Weiping Cai, Meg Doherty, Joseph D Tucker
INTRODUCTION: Qualitative research on antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence interventions can provide a deeper understanding of intervention facilitators and barriers. This systematic review aims to synthesize qualitative evidence of interventions for improving ART adherence and to inform patient-centred policymaking. METHODS: We searched 19 databases to identify studies presenting primary qualitative data on the experiences, attitudes and acceptability of interventions to improve ART adherence among PLHIV and treatment providers...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716189/awareness-and-implementation-of-nine-world-health-organization-s-patient-safety-solutions-among-three-groups-of-healthcare-workers-in-oman
#11
Ahmed Al-Mandhari, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Samir Al-Adawi, Samra Al-Barwani, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan
BACKGROUND: The pressing need to reduce burgeoning poor safety measures affecting millions worldwide has alerted World Health Assembly to set-up mechanisms to increase patient safety. In response to such needs, World Health Organization (WHO) formulated nine life-saving patient safety solutions that would be essential to lower reduce healthcare-related harm. There is a paucity of research examining awareness of such nine patient safety solutions. This study has been designed and conducted to compare self-estimated awareness and practice of the World Health Organization's nine "Life-saving Patient Safety Solutions" aide memoirs among different groups of healthcare workers in Oman...
September 30, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688798/feasibility-of-an-interactive-voice-response-system-for-monitoring-depressive-symptoms-in-a-lower-middle-income-latin-american-country
#12
Mary R Janevic, Amparo C Aruquipa Yujra, Nicolle Marinec, Juvenal Aguilar, James E Aikens, Rosa Tarrazona, John D Piette
BACKGROUND: Innovative, scalable solutions are needed to address the vast unmet need for mental health care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: We conducted a feasibility study of a 14-week automated telephonic interactive voice response (IVR) depression self-care service among Bolivian primary care patients with at least moderately severe depressive symptoms. We analyzed IVR call completion rates, the reliability and validity of IVR-collected data, and participant satisfaction...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631089/stakeholder-analysis-of-community-distribution-of-misoprostol-in-lao-pdr-a-qualitative-study
#13
Jo Durham, Melissa Warner, Alongkone Phengsavanh, Vanphanom Sychareun, Viengnakhone Vongxay, Keith Rickart
BACKGROUND: Globally, significant progress has been made in reducing maternal mortality, yet in many low-resource contexts it remains unacceptably high. Many of these deaths are due to postpartum haemorrhage and are preventable with access to essential obstetric care. Where there are barriers to access, maternal deaths could be prevented if community-level misoprostol was available. The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of stakeholders regarding misoprostol use in the Lao People's Democratic Republic, a setting with high maternal mortality...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617742/lay-health-worker-intervention-improved-compliance-with-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-asian-americans-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Hee-Soon Juon, Carol Strong, Frederic Kim, Eunmi Park, Sunmin Lee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a lay health worker (LHW) telephone intervention on completing a series of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccinations among foreign-born Asian Americans in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan area. METHODS: During the period of April 2013 and March 2014, we recruited Asian Americans who were 18 years of age and older in the community-based organizations. Of the 645 eligible participants, 600 (201 Chinese, 198 Korean, 201 Vietnamese) completed a pretest survey and received hepatitis B screening...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615026/interventions-to-optimise-the-care-continuum-for-chronic-viral-hepatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#15
Kali Zhou, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Nick Walsh, Ji Young Kim, Roger Chou, Mellanye Lackey, Julia Scott, Ying-Ru Lo, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Advances in therapy for hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) have ushered in a new era in chronic hepatitis treatment. To maximise the effectiveness of these medicines, individuals must be engaged and retained in care. We analysed operational interventions to enhance chronic viral hepatitis testing, linkage to care, treatment uptake, adherence, and viral suppression or cure. METHODS: We did a systematic review of operational interventions, and did meta-analyses for sufficiently comparable data...
September 5, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604571/the-impact-of-a-knowledge-translation-intervention-employing-educational-outreach-and-a-point-of-care-reminder-tool-vs-standard-lay-health-worker-training-on-tuberculosis-treatment-completion-rates-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Lisa M Puchalski Ritchie, Monique van Lettow, Austine Makwakwa, Adrienne K Chan, Jemila S Hamid, Harry Kawonga, Alexandra L C Martiniuk, Michael J Schull, Vanessa van Schoor, Merrick Zwarenstein, Jan Barnsley, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: Despite availability of effective treatment, tuberculosis (TB) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality globally, with low- and middle-income countries most affected. In many such settings, including Malawi, the high burden of disease and severe shortage of skilled healthcare workers has led to task-shifting of outpatient TB care to lay health workers (LHWs). LHWs improve access to healthcare and some outcomes, including TB completion rates, but lack of training and supervision limit their impact...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591051/qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-men-in-maternal-health-in-resource-limited-communities-in-western-kenya
#17
Kathryn Brubaker, Brett D Nelson, Heather McPherson, Roy Ahn, Monica Oguttu, Thomas F Burke
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the beliefs of men and women in western Kenya regarding the appropriate role of men in maternal health and to identify barriers to greater involvement. METHODS: Between June 1 and July 31, 2014, a cross-sectional qualitative study enrolled lay men, lay women, and community health workers from Kisumu and Nyamira counties in western Kenya. Semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted and qualitative approaches were utilized to analyze the transcripts and identify common themes...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582088/barriers-and-facilitators-to-interventions-improving-retention-in-hiv-care-a-qualitative-evidence-meta-synthesis
#18
Brian J Hall, Ka-Lon Sou, Rachel Beanland, Mellanye Lacky, Lai Sze Tso, Qingyan Ma, Meg Doherty, Joseph D Tucker
Retention in HIV care is vital to the HIV care continuum. The current review aimed to synthesize qualitative research to identify facilitators and barriers to HIV retention in care interventions. A qualitative evidence meta-synthesis utilizing thematic analysis. Prospective review registration was made in PROSPERO and review procedures adhered to PRISMA guidelines. Nineteen databases were searched to identify qualitative research conducted with individuals living with HIV and their caregivers. Quality assessment was conducted using CASP and the certainty of the evidence was evaluated using CERQual...
August 31, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562025/sub-lethal-effects-of-dietary-neonicotinoid-insecticide-exposure-on-honey-bee-queen-fecundity-and-colony-development
#19
Judy Wu-Smart, Marla Spivak
Many factors can negatively affect honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) health including the pervasive use of systemic neonicotinoid insecticides. Through direct consumption of contaminated nectar and pollen from treated plants, neonicotinoids can affect foraging, learning, and memory in worker bees. Less well studied are the potential effects of neonicotinoids on queen bees, which may be exposed indirectly through trophallaxis, or food-sharing. To assess effects on queen productivity, small colonies of different sizes (1500, 3000, and 7000 bees) were fed imidacloprid (0, 10, 20, 50, and 100 ppb) in syrup for three weeks...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559236/articulating-connections-between-the-harm-reduction-paradigm-and-the-marginalisation-of-people-who-use-illicit-drugs
#20
Rusty Souleymanov, Dan Allman
In this paper, we argue for the importance of unsettling dominant narratives in the current terrain of harm-reduction policy, practice and research. To accomplish this, we trace the historical developments regarding the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and harm-reduction policies and practice. We argue that multiple historical junctures rather than single causes of social exclusion engender the processes of marginalisation, propelled by social movements, institutional interests, state legislation, community practices, neo-liberalism and governmentality techniques...
July 2016: British Journal of Social Work
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