keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

lay health worker

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329726/patient-centered-communication-of-community-treatment-assistants-in-tanzania-predicts-coverage-of-future-mass-drug-administration-for-trachoma
#1
Alexander Jenson, Debra L Roter, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Sheila West
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of Trachoma, the leading cause of infectious blindness, requires community treatment assistants (CTAs) to perform mass drug administration (MDA) of azithromycin. Previous research has shown that female CTAs have higher MDA coverage, but no studies have focused on the content of conversation. We hypothesize that female CTAs had more patient-centered communication and higher MDA coverage. METHODS: In 2011, CTAs from 23 distribution sites undergoing MDA as part of the Partnership for Rapid Elimination of Trachoma were selected...
January 6, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321026/lay-health-worker-experiences-administering-a-multi-level-combination-intervention-to-improve-pmtct-retention
#2
Abby DiCarlo, Ruby Fayorsey, Masila Syengo, Duncan Chege, Martin Sirengo, William Reidy, Juliana Otieno, Jackton Omoto, Mark P Hawken, Elaine J Abrams
BACKGROUND: The recent scale-up of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services has rapidly accelerated antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake among pregnant and postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa. The Mother and Infant Retention for Health (MIR4Health) study evaluates the impact of a combination intervention administered by trained lay health workers to decrease attrition among HIV-positive women initiating PMTCT services and their infants through 6 months postpartum...
January 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320934/improving-the-care-of-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-with-a-novel-medical-legal-community-intervention-the-diabetes-community-care-ambassador-program
#3
Faisal S Malik, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Craig E Taplin, Christian L Roth, Kathryn B Whitlock, Waylon Howard, Catherine Pihoker
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of the Diabetes Community Care Ambassador (DCCA) Program, a novel medical-legal community intervention designed to support high-risk youth with type 1 diabetes. Methods Study eligibility criteria: ages 3-19 years, A1C ≥8.5% (≥69 mmol/mol) and/or recent diabetic ketoacidosis hospitalization, type 1 diabetes duration ≥1 year, and English- or Spanish-speaking. Eighty-nine youth and their caregivers participated in the 9- to 12-month intervention, which included diabetes education and support through 3 home visits, 1 to 2 school visits, and phone support from a lay health worker, as well as legal support from a medical-legal partnership attorney...
January 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305338/a-mobile-app-to-screen-for-neurocognitive-impairment-preliminary-validation-of-neuroscreen-among-hiv-infected-south-african-adults
#4
Reuben N Robbins, Hetta Gouse, Henry G Brown, Andries Ehlers, Travis M Scott, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Robert H Remien, Claude A Mellins, John A Joska
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) is one of the most common complications of HIV infection, and has serious medical and functional consequences. South Africa has 7 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) with up to three-quarters of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve individuals having NCI. South Africa's health system struggles to meet the care needs of its millions of PLHIV; screening for NCI is typically neglected due to limited clinical staff trained to administer, score, and interpret neuropsychological tests, as well as long test batteries and limited screening tools for South African populations...
January 5, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300380/development-and-evaluation-of-a-genomics-training-program-for-community-health-workers-in-texas
#5
Lei-Shih Chen, Shixi Zhao, Donaji Stelzig, Shweta U Dhar, Tanya Eble, Yu-Chen Yeh, Oi-Man Kwok
PurposeGenomics services have the potential to reduce incidence and mortality of diseases by providing individualized, family health history (FHH)-based prevention strategies to clients. These services may benefit from the involvement of community health workers (CHWs) in the provision of FHH-based genomics education and services, as CHWs are frontline public health workers and lay health educators, who share similar ethnicities, languages, socioeconomic statuses, and life experiences with the communities they serve...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300218/-give-me-some-time-facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-uptake-of-home-based-hiv-testing-during-household-contact-investigation-for-tuberculosis-in-kampala-uganda
#6
Mari Armstrong-Hough, Joseph Ggita, Irene Ayakaka, David Dowdy, Adithya Cattamanchi, Jessica E Haberer, Achilles Katamba, J Lucian Davis
BACKGROUND: Integrating home-based HIV counseling and testing (HCT) with tuberculosis (TB) evaluation could improve uptake of HIV testing among household contacts of patients with active TB. We sought to identify the facilitators of and barriers to HCT during household contact investigation for TB in Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: We nested semi-structured interviews with 28 household contacts who were offered home-based HCT in a household-randomized trial of home-based strategies for TB contact investigation...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289558/retrospective-active-case-finding-in-cambodia-an-innovative-approach-to-leprosy-control-in-a-low-endemic-country
#7
Thomas Fürst, Arielle Cavaliero, Sambath Lay, Chrystel Dayer, Chan Saren, Ajda Smrekar, So Visal, Tanja Barth-Jaeggi, Peter Steinmann
Currently, leprosy control relies on the clinical diagnosis of leprosy and the subsequent administration of multidrug therapy (MDT). However, many health workers are not familiar with the cardinal signs of leprosy, particularly in low-endemic settings including Cambodia. In response, a new approach to early diagnosis was developed in the country, namely retrospective active case finding (RACF) through small mobile teams. In the frame of RACF, previously diagnosed leprosy patients are traced and their contacts screened through "drives"...
December 28, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284523/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-studies-involving-patients-undergoing-major-lower-limb-amputation-for-peripheral-arterial-disease-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-identification-of-a-core-outcome-set-using-a-delphi-survey
#8
Graeme K Ambler, David C Bosanquet, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Emma Thomas-Jones, Cherry-Ann Waldron, Adrian G K Edwards, Christopher P Twine
BACKGROUND: The development of a standardised reporting set is important to ensure that research is directed towards the most important outcomes and that data is comparable. To ensure validity, the set must be agreed by a consensus of stakeholders including patients, healthcare professionals and lay representatives. There is currently no agreed core outcome set for patients undergoing major lower limb amputation for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) for either short- or medium-term research outcomes...
December 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248014/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-lay-health-worker-support-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-pmtct-in-south-africa
#9
Karl Peltzer, Stephen M Weiss, Manasi Soni, Tae Kyoung Lee, Violeta J Rodriguez, Ryan Cook, Maria Luisa Alcaide, Geoffrey Setswe, Deborah L Jones
BACKGROUND: We evaluate the impact of clinic-based PMTCT community support by trained lay health workers in addition to standard clinical care on PMTCT infant outcomes. METHODS: In a cluster randomized controlled trial, twelve community health centers (CHCs) in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, were randomized to have pregnant women living with HIV receive either: a standard care (SC) condition plus time-equivalent attention-control on disease prevention (SC; 6 CHCs; n  = 357), or an enhanced intervention (EI) condition of SC PMTCT plus the "Protect Your Family" intervention (EI; 6 CHCs; n  = 342)...
December 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229589/the-effect-of-group-support-psychotherapy-delivered-by-trained-lay-health-workers-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-uganda-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Seggane Musisi, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean Nachega, Ofir Harari, Edward Mills
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effectiveness of task shifting of mental health services in populations with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group support psychotherapy delivered by trained lay health workers to persons living with HIV (PLWH) with depression in primary care. METHODS: Thirty eligible primary care health centers across three districts were randomly allocated to have their lay health workers trained to deliver group support psychotherapy (intervention arm) or group HIV education and treatment as usual (control arm) to PLWH with depression...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227955/developing-and-validating-a-perinatal-depression-screening-tool-in-kenya-blending-western-criteria-with-local-idioms-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Eric P Green, Hawa Tuli, Edith Kwobah, D Menya, Irene Chesire, Christina Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Routine screening for perinatal depression is not common in most primary health care settings. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force only recently updated their recommendation on depression screening to specifically recommend screening during the pre- and postpartum periods. While practitioners in high-income countries can respond to this new recommendation by implementing one of several existing depression screening tools developed in Western contexts, such as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) or the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), these tools lack strong evidence of cross-cultural equivalence, validity for case finding, and precision in measuring response to treatment in developing countries...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220062/community-academic-partnership-to-implement-a-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-education-program-in-puerto-rico
#12
Vivian Colón-López, Daisy González, Camille Vélez, Natalie Fernández-Espada, Alana Feldman-Soler, Kelly Ayala-Escobar, Alelí M Ayala-Marín, Marievelisse Soto-Salgado, William A Calo, Angela Pattatucci-Aragón, Marinilda Rivera-Díaz, María E Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To describe how a community-academic partnership between Taller Salud Inc., a community-based organization, and the Puerto Rico Community Cancer Control Outreach Program of the University of Puerto Rico was crucial in the adaptation and implementation of Cultivando La Salud (CLS), an evidencebased educational outreach program designed to increase breast and cervical cancer screening among Hispanic women living in Puerto Rico. This collaboration facilitated the review and adaptation of the CLS intervention to improve cultural appropriateness, relevance, and acceptability for Puerto Rican women...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216263/roles-responsibilities-and-characteristics-of-lay-community-health-workers-involved-in-diabetes-prevention-programmes-a-systematic-review
#13
Jillian Hill, Nasheeta Peer, Brian Oldenburg, Andre Pascale Kengne
AIM: To examine the characteristics of community health workers (CHWs) involved in diabetes prevention programmes (DPPs) and their contributions to expected outcomes. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed-MEDLINE, EBSCOHost, and SCOPUS/EMBASE were searched for studies published between January 2000 and March 2016. All studies that used CHWs to implement DPP in ≥18-year-old participants without diabetes but at high risk for developing the condition, irrespective of the study design, setting or outcomes measured, were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207973/identifying-models-of-hiv-care-and-treatment-service-delivery-in-tanzania-uganda-and-zambia-using-cluster-analysis-and-delphi-survey
#14
Sharon Tsui, Julie A Denison, Caitlin E Kennedy, Larry W Chang, Olivier Koole, Kwasi Torpey, Eric Van Praag, Jason Farley, Nathan Ford, Leine Stuart, Fred Wabwire-Mangen
BACKGROUND: Organization of HIV care and treatment services, including clinic staffing and services, may shape clinical and financial outcomes, yet there has been little attempt to describe different models of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Information about the relative benefits and drawbacks of different models could inform the scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and associated services in resource-limited settings (RLS), especially in light of expanded client populations with country adoption of WHO's test and treat recommendation...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202773/process-evaluation-of-the-systematic-medical-appraisal-referral-and-treatment-smart-mental-health-project-in-rural-india
#15
Abha Tewari, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel, Pallab K Maulik
BACKGROUND: Availability of basic mental health services is limited in rural areas of India. Health system and individual level factors such as lack of mental health professionals and infrastructure, poor awareness about mental health, stigma related to help seeking, are responsible for poor awareness and use of mental health services. We implemented a mental health services delivery model that leveraged technology and task sharing to facilitate identification and treatment of common mental disorders (CMDs) such as stress, depression, anxiety and suicide risk in rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India...
December 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169057/synthetic-social-support-theorizing-lay-health-worker-interventions
#16
Nicola K Gale, Sara Kenyon, Christine MacArthur, Kate Jolly, Lucy Hope
Levels of social support are strongly associated with health outcomes and inequalities. The use of lay health workers (LHWs) has been suggested by policy makers across the world as an intervention to identify risks to health and to promote health, particularly in disadvantaged communities. However, there have been few attempts to theorize the work undertaken by LHWs to understand how interventions work. In this article, the authors present the concept of 'synthetic socialsupport' and distinguish it from the work of health professionals or the spontaneous social support received from friends and family...
November 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164987/quality-of-life-for-late-life-patients-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-whole-person-approach-for-patients-with-chronic-illnesses
#17
Tetyana Shippee, Nathan Shippee, Karl Fernstrom, Patrick Mobley, Monica Frazer, Judy Jou, Heather Britt
Quality of life (QOL) for patients with serious illness in late life is important for patients and policy makers and has implications for improved care delivery. This mixed-methods evaluation examined the effectiveness of a new whole-person approach to late life care-the LifeCourse-which provides patients with ongoing, across-setting assistance from lay health care workers, supported by a clinical team. We investigated whether participation in LifeCourse improves QOL for intervention patients, compared with usual care controls...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159139/task-shifting-point-of-care-cd4-testing-to-lay-health-workers-in-hiv-care-and-treatment-services-in-namibia
#18
Francina Kaindjee-Tjituka, Souleymane Sawadogo, Graham Mutandi, Andrew D Maher, Natanael Salomo, Claudia Mbapaha, Marytha Neo, Anita Beukes, Justice Gweshe, Alexinah Muadinohamba, David W Lowrance
Introduction: Access to CD4+ testing remains a common barrier to early initiation of antiretroviral therapy among persons living with HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries. The feasibility of task-shifting of point-of-care (POC) CD4+ testing to lay health workers in Namibia has not been evaluated. Methods: From July to August 2011, Pima CD4+ analysers were used to improve access to CD4+ testing at 10 selected public health facilities in Namibia. POC Pima CD4+ testing was performed by nurses or lay health workers...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124417/oncology-navigators-perceptions-of-cancer-related-financial-burden-and-financial-assistance-resources
#19
Jennifer C Spencer, Cleo A Samuel, Donald L Rosenstein, Katherine E Reeder-Hayes, Michelle L Manning, Jean B Sellers, Stephanie B Wheeler
INTRODUCTION: As the cost of cancer treatment continues to rise, many patients are faced with significant emotional and financial burden. Oncology navigators guide patients through many aspects of care and therefore may be especially aware of patients' financial distress. Our objective was to explore navigators' perception of their patients' financial burden and their role in addressing financial needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a real-time online survey of attendees at an oncology navigators' association conference...
November 9, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108007/drop-out-from-the-tuberculosis-contact-investigation-cascade-in-a-routine-public-health-setting-in-urban-uganda-a-prospective-multi-center-study
#20
Mari Armstrong-Hough, Patricia Turimumahoro, Amanda J Meyer, Emmanuel Ochom, Diana Babirye, Irene Ayakaka, David Mark, Joseph Ggita, Adithya Cattamanchi, David Dowdy, Frank Mugabe, Elizabeth Fair, Jessica E Haberer, Achilles Katamba, J Lucian Davis
SETTING: Seven public tuberculosis (TB) units in Kampala, Uganda, where Uganda's national TB program recently introduced household contact investigation, as recommended by 2012 guidelines from WHO. OBJECTIVE: To apply a cascade analysis to implementation of household contact investigation in a programmatic setting. DESIGN: Prospective, multi-center observational study. METHODS: We constructed a cascade for household contact investigation to describe the proportions of: 1) index patient households recruited; 2) index patient households visited; 3) contacts screened for TB; and 4) contacts completing evaluation for, and diagnosed with, active TB...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
105171
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"