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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146140/patient-experiences-of-dietary-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-focus-group-study
#1
Jaimon T Kelly, Katrina L Campbell, Tammy Hoffmann, Dianne P Reidlinger
OBJECTIVE: People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) contend with complex dietary recommendations. The challenge in practice is for clinicians to provide individualized support with the frequency and consistency required to sustain dietary changes. This study aimed to describe the experiences of patients with managing dietary recommendations, including their perspectives on the potential to use telehealth to support dietary management in CKD. DESIGN: Focus group study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128736/optimal-practice-conditions-enhance-the-benefits-of-gradually-increasing-error-opportunities-on-retention-of-a-stepping-sequence-task
#2
Danielle Levac, Kate Driscoll, Jessica Galvez, Kathleen Mercado, Lindsey O'Neil
INTRODUCTION: Physical therapists should implement practice conditions that promote motor skill learning after neurological injury. Errorful and errorless practice conditions are effective for different populations and tasks. Errorful learning provides opportunities for learners to make task-relevant choices. Enhancing learner autonomy through choice opportunities is a key component of the Optimizing Performance through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning (OPTIMAL) theory of motor learning...
November 9, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116823/infusing-adult-education-principles-into-a-health-insurance-literacy-program
#3
Virginia Brown
Health insurance literacy is an emerging concept in the health education and health promotion field. The passage of the Affordable Care Act highlighted the link between health insurance and health outcomes. However, the law does not specifically address how the public should be educated on choosing an appropriate health insurance plan. Research shows adults, regardless of previous health insurance status, are likely confused and uncertain about their selection. The University of Maryland Extension developed and created health insurance Smart Choice Health Insurance™ to reduce confusion and increase confidence and capability to make this decision...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115004/evaluation-of-a-multifactorial-approach-to-reduce-the-prevalence-of-pressure-injuries-in-regional-australian-acute-inpatient-care-settings
#4
Sarah K Smith, Samantha E Ashby, Lynette Thomas, Felicity Williams
The aim of the study was to compare the changes in the prevalence of pressure injuries from 2008 to 2014 in relation to staff behaviour in acute/subacute inpatient care settings. In 2008, the large regional health district Hunter New England Local Health District implemented an initiative called the Crystal Model which resulted in changes in their policy and an e-learning education program for all nursing staff. A retrospective cross sectional study compared data from the 2008, 2010 and 2014 point prevalence surveys of PI in acute services...
November 7, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104298/interference-in-early-dual-task-learning-by-predatory-mites
#5
Inga C Christiansen, Peter Schausberger
Animals are commonly exposed to multiple environmental stimuli, but whether, and under which circumstances, they can attend to multiple stimuli in multitask learning challenges is elusive. Here, we assessed whether simultaneously occurring chemosensory stimuli interfere with each other in a dual-task learning challenge. We exposed predatory mites Neoseiulus californicus early in life to either only conspecifics (kin) or simultaneously conspecifics (kin) and food (thrips or pollen), to determine whether presence of food interferes with social familiarization and, vice versa, whether presence of conspecifics interferes with learning the cues of thrips...
November 2017: Animal Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101093/understanding-older-adult-s-technology-adoption-and-withdrawal-for-elderly-care-and-education-mixed-method-analysis-from-national-survey
#6
Ching-Ju Chiu, Chia-Wen Liu
BACKGROUND: Elderly adults have comprised the fastest growing population adopting the Internet and computer technology over the past decade. However, how their experiences can shed light on elderly learning theory has not been examined much in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the factors and reasons associated with Internet adoption and withdrawal among older adults in Taiwan, and if any gender differences exist in this context. METHODS: Data on participants aged 50 years and older from the nationally representative "Digital Opportunity Survey on Individuals and Households in Taiwan," who did not use the Internet in 2005 but adopted it in 2007 (n=1548), and those who reported using Internet in 2011 but then withdrew (n=1575), were analyzed...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095076/the-parenting-journey-daily-parental-management-in-families-with-young-children
#7
Maria Carbines, Annette Dickinson, Barbara McKenzie-Green
Transitioning to parenthood and establishing a family are significant life events, and although an expected and normal part of adult life, it is a time of stress, change, and learning. The family has been well-studied with regard to developmental norms and the diagnosis and treatment of physical, cognitive, and emotional problems. However, little is known about how parents of young children establish, manage, and maintain their families on a daily basis. Social constructivist grounded theory was used to examine day to day parental management in families with young children...
November 2, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094960/overconfidence-among-beginners-is-a-little-learning-a-dangerous-thing
#8
Carmen Sanchez, David Dunning
Across 6 studies we investigated the development of overconfidence among beginners. In 4 of the studies, participants completed multicue probabilistic learning tasks (e.g., learning to diagnose "zombie diseases" from physical symptoms). Although beginners did not start out overconfident in their judgments, they rapidly surged to a "beginner's bubble" of overconfidence. This bubble was traced to exuberant and error-filled theorizing about how to approach the task formed after just a few learning experiences...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094621/what-i-d-tell-my-16-year-old-self-criminal-desistance-young-adults-and-psychosocial-maturation
#9
Matthew L Mizel, Laura S Abrams
This study qualitatively explored how young adult men on probation or parole view the components of psychosocial maturation that contribute to criminal desistance. The authors conducted nine focus groups with 40 men on probation or parole, including seven groups with men aged 18 to 25 years. Two additional focus groups were conducted with older men (ages 29-60 years) to refine our evolving understanding. According to the participants, psychosocial maturation processes of personal growth, learning from mistakes, considering consequences before acting, developing and executing long-range plans, improving peer associations, and recognizing and responding to a motivating event all contributed to their desire to change their course of criminal offending...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083210/knowing-it-all-but-still-learning-perceptions-of-one-s-own-knowledge-and-belief-revision
#10
Sara Hagá, Kristina R Olson
Lay theories suggest that people who are overconfident in their knowledge are less likely to revise that knowledge when someone else offers an alternative belief. Similarly, one might assume that people who are willing to revise their beliefs might not be very confident in their knowledge to begin with. Two studies with children ages 4-11 years old and college students call these lay theories into question. We found that young children were simultaneously more overconfident in their knowledge (e.g., believing they knew what chartreuse meant) and more likely to revise their initial beliefs (e...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081743/the-propagation-of-movement-variability-in-time-a-methodological-approach-for-discrete-movements-with-multiple-degrees-of-freedom
#11
Melanie Krüger, Andreas Straube, Thomas Eggert
In recent years, theory-building in motor neuroscience and our understanding of the synergistic control of the redundant human motor system has significantly profited from the emergence of a range of different mathematical approaches to analyze the structure of movement variability. Approaches such as the Uncontrolled Manifold method or the Noise-Tolerance-Covariance decomposition method allow to detect and interpret changes in movement coordination due to e.g., learning, external task constraints or disease, by analyzing the structure of within-subject, inter-trial movement variability...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078202/effect-of-simulation-on-the-ability-of-first-year-nursing-students-to-learn-vital-signs
#12
Evrim Eyikara, Zehra Göçmen Baykara
BACKGROUND: The acquisition of cognitive, affective and psychomotor knowledge and skills are required in nursing, made possible via an interactive teaching method, such as simulation. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This study conducted to identify the impact of simulation on first-year nursing students' ability to learn vital signs. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 90 first-year nursing students enrolled at a University, Ankara, in 2014-2015...
October 13, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068724/motivations-of-young-adults-for-improving-dietary-choices-focus-group-findings-prior-to-the-menu-geny-dietary-change-trial
#13
Gwen L Alexander, Nangel Lindberg, Alison L Firemark, Margaret R Rukstalis, Carmit McMullen
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is often associated with poor dietary habits that may increase risk of obesity and chronic diseases. As independence grows, little is known about strategies to help balance social, work, and education commitments that may override desires to incorporate healthful food choices. OBJECTIVE: In advance of a randomized trial to test an online intervention targeting young adults, we sought to identify views and experiences with healthy eating, and specifically, eating more fruits and vegetables...
October 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019416/communication-technology-adoption-among-older-adult-veterans-the-interplay-of-social-and-cognitive-factors
#14
Cristina Leone, Joan Soo Li Lim, Anita Stern, Jocelyn Charles, Sandra Black, Ronald Baecker
OBJECTIVES: InTouch is an electronic communication platform designed to be accessible by computer-naive seniors. The present study explored the process of adoption and use of the application by seniors with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) through the lens of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). METHOD: We studied adoption and use of InTouch for social communication over a 12-week period in a 475-bed Veteran's care facility at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto, Canada...
October 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994008/how-do-hunter-gatherer-children-learn-subsistence-skills-a-meta-ethnographic-review
#15
Sheina Lew-Levy, Rachel Reckin, Noa Lavi, Jurgi Cristóbal-Azkarate, Kate Ellis-Davies
Hunting and gathering is, evolutionarily, the defining subsistence strategy of our species. Studying how children learn foraging skills can, therefore, provide us with key data to test theories about the evolution of human life history, cognition, and social behavior. Modern foragers, with their vast cultural and environmental diversity, have mostly been studied individually. However, cross-cultural studies allow us to extrapolate forager-wide trends in how, when, and from whom hunter-gatherer children learn their subsistence skills...
December 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987893/a-systematic-review-of-online-learning-programs-for-nurse-preceptors
#16
REVIEW
Xi Vivien Wu, Yah Shih Chan, Kimberlyn Hui Shing Tan, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Nurse preceptors guide students to integrate theory into practice, teach clinical skills, assess clinical competency, and enhance problem solving skills. Managing the dual roles of a registered nurse and preceptor poses tremendous challenges to many preceptors. Online learning is recognized as an effective learning approach for enhancing nursing knowledge and skills. OBJECTIVE: The systematic review aims to review and synthesise the online learning programs for preceptors...
September 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984196/multitype-bellman-harris-branching-model-provides-biological-predictors-of-early-stages-of-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis
#17
Biao Li, Amanda Sierra, Juan Jose Deudero, Fatih Semerci, Andrew Laitman, Marek Kimmel, Mirjana Maletic-Savatic
BACKGROUND: Adult hippocampal neurogenesis, the process of formation of new neurons, occurs throughout life in the hippocampus. New neurons have been associated with learning and memory as well as mood control, and impaired neurogenesis has been linked to depression, schizophrenia, autism and cognitive decline during aging. Thus, understanding the biological properties of adult neurogenesis has important implications for human health. Computational models of neurogenesis have attempted to derive biologically relevant knowledge, hard to achieve using experimentation...
October 3, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973378/understanding-how-indigenous-culturally-based-interventions-can-improve-participants-health-in-canada
#18
Jayne Murdoch-Flowers, Marie-Claude Tremblay, Richard Hovey, Treena Delormier, Katherine Gray-Donald, Elaine Delaronde, Ann C Macaulay
There is increasing recognition that culturally-based diabetes prevention programs can facilitate the adoption and maintenance of healthy behaviours in the communities in which they are implemented. The Kahnawake School Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP) is a health promotion, community-based participatory research project aiming to reduce the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in the community of Kahnawake (Mohawk territory, Canada), with a large range of interventions integrating a Haudenosaunee perspective of health...
September 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942355/the-role-of-reference-in-cross-situational-word-learning
#19
Felix Hao Wang, Toben H Mintz
Word learning involves massive ambiguity, since in a particular encounter with a novel word, there are an unlimited number of potential referents. One proposal for how learners surmount the problem of ambiguity is that learners use cross-situational statistics to constrain the ambiguity: When a word and its referent co-occur across multiple situations, learners will associate the word with the correct referent. Yu and Smith (2007) propose that these co-occurrence statistics are sufficient for word-to-referent mapping...
September 21, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941380/using-virtual-environments-to-investigate-wayfinding-in-8-to-12-year-olds-and-adults
#20
Jamie Lingwood, Mark Blades, Emily K Farran, Yannick Courbois, Danielle Matthews
Wayfinding is the ability to learn and recall a route through an environment. Theories of wayfinding suggest that for children to learn a route successfully, they must have repeated experience of it, but in this experiment we investigated whether children could learn a route after only a single experience of the route. A total of 80 participants from the United Kingdom in four groups of 20 8-year-olds, 10-year-olds, 12-year-olds, and adults were shown a route through a 12-turn maze in a virtual environment...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
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