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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806354/trends-in-adult-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-prevalence-incidence-and-urethral-discharge-case-reporting-in-morocco-over-1995-2015-estimates-using-the-spectrum-sexually-transmitted-infection-model
#1
Amina El-Kettani, Guy Mahiané, Aziza Bennani, Laith Abu-Raddad, Alex Smolak, Jane Rowley, Nico Nagelkerke, Houssine El-Rhilani, Kamal Alami, Amina Hançali, Eline Korenromp
BACKGROUND: Evolving health priorities and resource constraints mean that countries require data on sexually transmitted infections (STI) trends to inform program planning and resource allocation. METHODS: The Spectrum modeling tool estimated prevalence and incidence of gonorrhea and chlamydia in Morocco's 15- to 49-year-old population, based on prevalence surveys. Incident cases, broken down between symptomatic and asymptomatic, and treated versus untreated, were compared with urethral discharge (UD) case reports, to estimate reporting completeness among treated UD cases...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805419/creating-space-for-relationships
#2
Susan L Maataoui, Jodi S Hardwick, Tessa S Lundquist
Sexuality is a key component of personality and behavior, encompassing basic human needs for touch, intimacy, love, affection, and sexual behavior. The design of long-term care facilities makes it almost impossible for a resident to be sexually intimate, to share romantic moments, or to have a meal in a private setting. This case study describes the rationale and process used to establish a private guestroom called the Family Room at Patriots Place, the specialized dementia unit in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Maine Healthcare System Community Living Center (CLC)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803589/health-technology-assessment-in-central-eastern-and-south-european-countries-croatia
#3
Mirjana Huic, Romana Tandara Hacek, Ivan Svajger
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide a brief, 7-year history of health technology assessment (HTA) implementation in Croatia through national and international activities. METHODS: We used retrospective descriptive analysis of key documents related to the legal framework, process of decision making, and HTA. Analysis of the Agency's plan for and experience with the implementation of a transparent HTA process in Croatia was performed by addressing seven key components of the HTA implementation scorecard framework...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800810/international-emergency-psychiatry-challenges-disaster-medicine-war-human-trafficking-displaced-persons
#4
REVIEW
Michael Jaung, Suni Jani, Sophia Banu, Joy M Mackey
Mental health disorders are a major cause of morbidity and a growing burden in low-income and middle-income countries; but there is little existing literature on the detailed epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment in low-resource settings. Special situations with vulnerable populations, such as those created by international humanitarian emergencies, refugees or internally displaced people, and victims of human trafficking, are increasing in prevalence. These victims are often resettled in developed countries and come to the emergency department seeking care...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797540/efficiency-of-two-sewage-treatment-systems-activated-sludge-and-natural-lagoons-for-helminth-egg-removal-in-morocco
#5
Sana Chaoua, Samia Boussaa, Ahmed Khadra, Ali Boumezzough
Morocco is a country known for its vulnerability of water resources because of its arid and semi-arid climate. Thus, recycled wastewater has been suggested for agricultural activities, but contamination of these wastewaters is a major concern. The current study aims to determine the occurrence of helminth eggs in urban wastewater and to evaluate the removal of these pathogens by two sewage treatment systems: activated sludge and natural lagoons. The samples of wastewater and sludge were collected from two wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) located in Marrakech and Chichaoua, Morocco...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789668/two-years-retrospective-study-of-maxillofacial-trauma-at-a-tertiary-center-in-north-west-ethiopia
#6
Amare Teshome, Getaneh Andualem, Rediet Tsegie, Samuel Seifu
BACKGROUND: Maxillofacial injury poses a challenge to oral and maxillofacial surgeons working in developing countries with limited resource and human power. The present study aimed to determine the etiology, pattern, and management of maxillofacial trauma in Gondar university of Gondar hospital. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study design was used. Medical registration retrieving of patients with maxillofacial trauma visited dental center of University of Gondar Hospital from September 2013 to August 2015 was done...
August 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789637/perceptions-practices-and-health-seeking-behaviour-constrain-je-aes-interventions-in-high-endemic-district-of-north-india
#7
Sanjay Chaturvedi, Neha Sharma, Manish Kakkar
BACKGROUND: Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) stay as poorly understood phenomena in India. Multiple linkages to determinants such as poverty, socio-economic status, gender, environment, and population distribution, make it a greater developmental issue than just a zoonotic disease. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted to map knowledge, perceptions and practices of community and health systems level stakeholders. Seventeen interviews with utilizers of AES care, care givers from human and veterinary sectors, Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs), and pig owners and 4 Focused Group Discussions (FGDs) with farmers, community leaders, and students were conducted in an endemic north Indian district-Kushinagar...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783598/economic-human-and-environmental-health-benefits-of-replacing-formaldehyde-in-the-preservation-of-corpses
#8
Jussara Rocha Ferreira, Lorenna Cardoso Rezende, Abel De Souza Barbosa, Phellip De Carvalho, Natácia Evangelista De Lima, Alexandre Assis Carvalho
Formaldehyde has been prominent in preserving biological tissues since the nineteenth century. Despite being admittedly harmful to health and to the environment, it is still widely used. The Morphology Department of the University of Brasília - Brazil, applied the rethink, reduce, reuse, recycle and responsibility methodology to their activities in an effort to protect the health of laboratory workers and users, save resources and reduce damage to the environment. Here we evaluate the results obtained a decade after the implementation of this proposal (2005-2015)...
August 4, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780563/implementing-a-multi-modal-support-service-model-for-the-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Bamini Gopinath, Ashley Craig, Annette Kifley, Gerald Liew, Jaye Bloffwitch, Kim Van Vu, Nichole Joachim, Rob Cummins, Julie Heraghty, Timothy Broady, Alison Hayes, Paul Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness and low vision among older adults. Previous research shows a high prevalence of distress and disruption to the lifestyle of family caregivers of persons with late AMD. This supports existing evidence that caregivers are 'hidden patients' at risk of poor health outcomes. There is ample scope for improving the support available to caregivers, and further research should be undertaken into developing services that are tailored to the requirements of family caregivers of persons with AMD...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774301/an-economic-analysis-of-a-system-wide-lean-approach-cost-estimations-for-the-implementation-of-lean-in-the-saskatchewan-healthcare-system-for-2012-2014
#10
Nazmi Sari, Thomas Rotter, Donna Goodridge, Liz Harrison, Leigh Kinsman
BACKGROUND: The costs of investing in health care reform initiatives to improve quality and safety have been underreported and are often underestimated. This paper reports direct and indirect cost estimates for the initial phase of the province-wide implementation of Lean activities in Saskatchewan, Canada. METHODS: In order to obtain detailed information about each type of Lean event, as well as the total number of corresponding Lean events, we used the Provincial Kaizen Promotion Office (PKPO) Kaizen database...
August 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774101/conversion-of-biowaste-asian-hard-clam-meretrix-lusoria-shells-into-white-emitting-phosphors-for-use-in-neutral-white-leds
#11
Tsung-Yuan Chang, Chih-Min Wang, Tai-Yuan Lin, Hsiu-Mei Lin
The increasing volume and complexity of waste associated with the modern economy poses a serious risk to ecosystems and human health. However, the remanufacturing and recycling of waste into usable products can lead to substantial resource savings. In the present study, clam shell waste was first transformed into pure and well-crystallized single-phase white light-emitting phosphor Ca₉Gd(PO₄)₇:Eu(2+),Mn(2+) materials. The phosphor Ca₉Gd(PO₄)₇:Eu(2+),Mn(2+) materials were synthesized by the solid-state reaction method and the carbothermic reduction process, and then characterized and analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) measurements...
December 2, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772279/choosing-wisely-a-model-based-analysis-evaluating-the-trade-offs-in-cancer-benefit-and-diagnostic-referrals-among-alternative-hpv-testing-strategies-in-norway
#12
Emily A Burger, Kine Pedersen, Stephen Sy, Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen, Jane J Kim
BACKGROUND: Forthcoming cervical cancer screening strategies involving human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for women not vaccinated against HPV infections may increase colposcopy referral rates. We quantified health and resource trade-offs associated with alternative HPV-based algorithms to inform decision-makers when choosing between candidate algorithms. METHODS: We used a mathematical simulation model of HPV-induced cervical carcinogenesis in Norway. We compared the current cytology-based strategy to alternative strategies that varied by the switching age to primary HPV testing (ages 25-34 years), the routine screening frequency (every 3-10 years), and management of HPV-positive, cytology-negative women...
August 3, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771998/biomining-of-metals-how-to-access-and-exploit-natural-resource-sustainably
#13
Carlos A Jerez
Mining activities have been carried out for thousands of years and nowadays have an enormous worldwide use to obtain important metals of industrial use. These include copper, iron, gold and several others. Although modern mining companies have sustainable mining programs that include tailings management and external verifications, it is recognized that these industrial activities are responsible for a significant damage to the environment. Specially, technologies such as smelting and roasting generate very toxic emissions, including solid particles in the air, very large tailings and contribute to generate acid mine drainage (AMD) that affects humans health and all kinds of living plants, animals and microorganisms...
August 3, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771177/direct-observation-of-dog-density-and-composition-during-street-counts-as-a-resource-efficient-method-of-measuring-variation-in-roaming-dog-populations-over-time-and-between-locations
#14
Elly Hiby, Lex Hiby
Dog population management is conducted in many countries to address the public health risks from roaming dogs and threats to their welfare. To assess its effectiveness, we need to monitor indicators from both the human and dog populations that are quick and easy to collect, precise and meaningful to intervention managers, donors and local citizens. We propose that the most appropriate indicators from the roaming dog population are population density and composition, based on counting dogs along standard routes using a standard survey protocol...
August 3, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771162/modelling-spatio-temporal-heterogeneities-in-groundwater-quality-in-ghana-a-multivariate-chemometric-approach
#15
Frederick Ato Armah, Arnold Paintsil, David Oscar Yawson, Michael Osei Adu, Justice O Odoi
Chemometric techniques were applied to evaluate the spatial and temporal heterogeneities in groundwater quality data for approximately 740 goldmining and agriculture-intensive locations in Ghana. The strongest linear and monotonic relationships occurred between Mn and Fe. Sixty-nine per cent of total variance in the dataset was explained by four variance factors: physicochemical properties, bacteriological quality, natural geologic attributes and anthropogenic factors (artisanal goldmining). There was evidence of significant differences in means of all trace metals and physicochemical parameters (p < 0...
August 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771116/traditional-health-practitioners-management-of-hiv-aids-in-rural-south-africa-in-the-era-of-widespread-antiretroviral-therapy
#16
Thembelihle Zuma, Daniel Wight, Tamsen Rochat, Mosa Moshabela
BACKGROUND: Traditional health practitioners (THPs) have been identified as a key local resource in the fight against human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in South Africa. However, their approaches to the treatment of people living with HIV (PLHIV) have been met with scepticism by some biomedical practitioners amid increasing access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). OBJECTIVE: In light of this ambivalence, this study aims to document and identify treatment approaches of THPs to the management of illness among PLHIV in the current era of widespread access to ART...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771092/advancing-nursing-scholarship-the-mozambique-model
#17
Judith C Bruce, Joan Dippenaar, Shelley Schmollgruber, David D Mphuthi, Agnes Huiskamp
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of Human Resources for Health for the development and functioning of health systems worldwide, many countries continue to be plagued by poor health systems and a lack of adequate health care. Health systems failures may be attributed to both quantitative and qualitative nursing shortages including the lack of advanced skills to lead health initiatives, to conduct research and to educate other nurses. The response by development partners is usually framed around the production of skilled nurses through the processes of up-skilling and scaling-up...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770671/marine-algae-as-attractive-source-to-skin-care
#18
Jean-Yves Berthon, Rachida Nachat-Kappes, Mathieu Bey, Jean-Paul Cadoret, Isabelle Renimel, Edith Filaire
As the largest organ in the human body, the skin has multiple functions of which one of the most important is the protection against various harmful stressors. The keratinised stratified epidermis and an underlying thick layer of collagen-rich dermal connective tissues are important components of the skin. The environmental stressors such as ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and pollution increase the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), contributing to clinical manifestations such as wrinkle formation and skin aging...
June 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768543/the-gap-in-human-resources-to-deliver-the-guaranteed-package-of-prevention-and-health-promotion-services-at-urban-and-rural-primary-care-facilities-in-mexico
#19
Jacqueline Elizabeth Alcalde-Rabanal, Gustavo Nigenda, Till Bärnighausen, Héctor Eduardo Velasco-Mondragón, Blair Grant Darney
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to estimate the gap between the available and the ideal supply of human resources (physicians, nurses, and health promoters) to deliver the guaranteed package of prevention and health promotion services at urban and rural primary care facilities in Mexico. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study using a convenience sample. We selected 20 primary health facilities in urban and rural areas in 10 states of Mexico...
August 3, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768061/why-and-how-are-we-living-longer
#20
Thomas B L Kirkwood
What is the topic of this review? The reasons for the continuing increase in human life expectancy are examined in the light of progress in understanding the physiological basis of ageing. Prospects for further extending the health span - the period free of age-related disability and disease - are critically assessed. What advances does it highlight? No active programming directly causes ageing, which instead results as a side effect of how evolution optimises the physiological allocation of resources between growth, reproduction and maintenance...
August 2, 2017: Experimental Physiology
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