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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783251/prevalence-of-risk-factors-of-allergic-diseases-among-children-aged-8-9-years-in-poltava-region-the-results-of-the-first-stage-of-the-research
#1
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Iryna A Holovanova, Olha Y Tkachenko, Mariya O Melnyk, Kateryna V Pocheniuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: According to the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI, 2016), allergy is the most common chronic disease in Europe. The aim: The aim of the investigation is to study the spread of risk factors of allergic reactions in children who are 8-9 years old of Poltava region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The investigation included two stages: the 1st contained interviewing; the 2nd one - additional clinical and lab investigation of children, who require the further diagnosis specification...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782522/molecular-detection-of-mycobacterium-ulcerans-in-the-environment-and-its-relationship-with-buruli-ulcer-occurrence-in-zio-and-yoto-districts-of-maritime-region-in-togo
#2
Issaka Maman, Tchadjobo Tchacondo, Abiba Banla Kere, Marcus Beissner, Kossi Badziklou, Ekanao Tedihou, Edith Nyaku, Komi Amekuse, Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Damintoti Simplice Karou, Gisela Bretzel
BACKGROUND: Buruli Ulcer (BU) is a neglected tropical skin infection caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. Residence near aquatic areas has been identified as an important source of transmission of M. ulcerans with increased risk of contracting Buruli ulcer. However, the reservoir and the mode of transmission are not yet well known. The aim of this study was to identify the presence of M. ulcerans in the environment and its relationship with Buruli ulcer occurrence in Zio and Yoto districts of the maritime region in south Togo...
May 21, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778090/massive-pericardial-effusion-without-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-subclinical-hypothyroidism-hashimoto-s-disease
#3
Panteleimon E Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos Gourniezakis, Christos Skiadas, Alexandros Patrianakos, Achilleas Gikas
CONTEXT: Hypothyroidism is a significant cause of pericardial effusion. However, large pericardial effusions due to hypothyroidism are extremely rare. Hormone replacement therapy is the cornerstone of treatment for hypothyroidism and regular follow-up of patients after initiation of the therapy is indicated. Herein, the case of a 70-year-old woman with a massive pericardial effusion due to Hashimoto's disease is presented. ISSUES: A 70-year-old female from a rural village on the island of Crete, Greece, was admitted to our hospital due to a urinary tract infection...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757890/pediatric-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-southern-israel-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yariv Fruchtman, Zvi H Perry, Tom Leibson, Liat Vered Cohen, Matitiahu Lifshitz, Eugene Leibovitz
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the epidemiology and clinical burden of unintended carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning among children in the Negev region of southern Israel. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional retrospective study of CO poisoning patients admitted to Soroka University Medical Center in 2011 through 2015. RESULTS: Overall, 43 cases of CO poisoning were recorded among children younger than 18 years. Five patients died, all upon admission...
May 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745290/healthcare-providers-understanding-of-hiv-serodiscordance-in-south-africa-and-uganda-implications-for-hiv-prevention-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Ross Greener, Cecilia Milford, Francis Bajunirwe, Faith N Mosery, Claudia K Ng, Rachel Rifkin, Jasmine Kastner, Lavanya Pillay, Angela Kaida, David R Bangsberg, Jennifer A Smit, Lynn T Matthews
HIV transmission within stable heterosexual HIV serodiscordant couples accounts for almost half the new incident infections in South Africa and Uganda. Advances in HIV prevention provide opportunities to reduce transmission risk within serodiscordant partnerships (e.g., antiretroviral treatment (ART), pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), medical male circumcision, and couples-based HIV counselling and testing). These interventions require a clinical encounter with a provider who recognises prevention opportunities within these partnerships...
May 10, 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703425/effect-of-generalised-access-to-early-diagnosis-and-treatment-and-targeted-mass-drug-administration-on-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-eastern-myanmar-an-observational-study-of-a-regional-elimination-programme
#6
Jordi Landier, Daniel M Parker, Aung Myint Thu, Khin Maung Lwin, Gilles Delmas, François H Nosten
BACKGROUND: Potentially untreatable Plasmodium falciparum malaria threatens the Greater Mekong subregion. A previous series of pilot projects in Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam suggested that mass drug administration was safe, and when added to provision of early diagnosis and treatment, could reduce the reservoir of P falciparum and interrupts transmission. We examined the effects of a scaled-up programme of this strategy in four townships of eastern Myanmar on the incidence of P falciparum malaria...
April 24, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703200/characterization-of-plasmodium-falciparum-and-plasmodium-vivax-recent-exposure-in-an-area-of-significantly-decreased-transmission-intensity-in-central-vietnam
#7
Johanna Helena Kattenberg, Annette Erhart, Minh Hieu Truong, Eduard Rovira-Vallbona, Khac Anh Dung Vu, Thi Hong Ngoc Nguyen, Van Hong Nguyen, Van Van Nguyen, Melanie Bannister-Tyrrell, Michael Theisen, Adam Bennet, Andrew A Lover, Thanh Duong Tran, Xuan Xa Nguyen, Anna Rosanas-Urgell
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, malaria transmission has been reduced to very low levels over the past 20 years, and as a consequence, the country aims to eliminate malaria by 2030. This study aimed to characterize the dynamics and extent of the parasite reservoir in Central Vietnam, in order to further target elimination strategies and surveillance. METHODS: A 1-year prospective cohort study (n = 429) was performed in three rural communities in Quang Nam province...
April 27, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692865/utilization-of-psychiatric-rehabilitation-services-and-influencing-factors-among-people-with-psychotic-disorders-in-rural-communities-of-guangxi-china
#8
Hongye Luo, Edward B McNeil, Qiming Feng, Hongheng Li, Qiang Chen, Xianjing Qin, Jun Feng, Sawitri Assanangkornchai
Objectives: To identify the rate and predictors of utilization of rehabilitation services among people with psychotic disorders in rural communities of Guangxi. Study design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among individuals with schizophrenia or other psychoses (severe mental disorder, ICD10: F20-F29), aged over 15 years, and their care-givers in Guangxi, China. Trained village doctors located individuals known to them and suspected as having schizophrenia or other psychoses within the target areas and recruited them into the study...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692618/an-evaluation-of-the-budget-impact-of-a-new-20-subcutaneous-immunoglobulin-ig20gly-for-the-management-of-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases-in-switzerland
#9
Richard F Pollock, Lisa M Meckley
Introduction: While most individual primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) are rare, the collective prevalence of PID results in a substantial economic and clinical burden. The aim of this study was to evaluate the budgetary implications of Ig20Gly (Immune Globulin Subcutaneous [human] 20% solution; CUVITRU ® , Baxalta US Inc, now part of Shire Plc, Westlake Village, CA, USA) as a treatment for PID relative to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and other subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) formulations in the Swiss health care setting...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688845/impact-evaluation-of-a-community-engagement-intervention-in-improving-childhood-immunization-coverage-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-assam-india
#10
Santanu Pramanik, Arpita Ghosh, Rituu B Nanda, Marlou de Rouw, Philip Forth, Sandra Albert
BACKGROUND: To improve immunization coverage, most interventions that are part of the national immunization program in India address supply-side challenges. But, there is growing evidence that addressing demand-side factors can potentially contribute to improvement in childhood vaccination coverage in low- and middle-income countries. Participatory engagement of communities can address demand-side barriers while also mobilizing the community to advocate for better service delivery. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of a novel community engagement approach in improving immunization coverage...
April 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674487/metals-in-urine-in-relation-to-the-prevalence-of-pre-diabetes-diabetes-and-atherosclerosis-in-rural-india
#11
Ganesan Velmurugan, Krishnan Swaminathan, Ganesh Veerasekar, Jonathan Q Purnell, Sundaresan Mohanraj, Mani Dhivakar, Anil Kumar Avula, Mathew Cherian, Nalla G Palaniswami, Thomas Alexander, Thalappil Pradeep
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are growing burdens in rural communities worldwide. We have observed a high prevalence of diabetes among rural farming communities in India and sought to evaluate the association of non-traditional risk factors, such as metals, with diabetes and other cardiometabolic risk factors in this community. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, chemistries and carotid intima-media thickness were determined in 865 participants of the Kovai Medical Center and Hospital-Nallampatti Non-Communicable Disease Study-I (KMCH-NNCD-I, 2015), a cross-sectional study conducted in a farming village in South India...
April 19, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650424/implications-of-insecticide-resistance-for-malaria-vector-control-with-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-a-who-coordinated-prospective-international-observational-cohort-study
#12
Immo Kleinschmidt, John Bradley, Tessa Bellamy Knox, Abraham Peter Mnzava, Hmooda Toto Kafy, Charles Mbogo, Bashir Adam Ismail, Jude D Bigoga, Alioun Adechoubou, Kamaraju Raghavendra, Jackie Cook, Elfatih M Malik, Zinga José Nkuni, Michael Macdonald, Nabie Bayoh, Eric Ochomo, Etienne Fondjo, Herman Parfait Awono-Ambene, Josiane Etang, Martin Akogbeto, Rajendra M Bhatt, Mehul Kumar Chourasia, Dipak K Swain, Teresa Kinyari, Krishanthi Subramaniam, Achille Massougbodji, Mariam Okê-Sopoh, Aurore Ogouyemi-Hounto, Celestin Kouambeng, Mujahid Sheikhedin Abdin, Philippa West, Khalid Elmardi, Sylvie Cornelie, Vincent Corbel, Neena Valecha, Evan Mathenge, Luna Kamau, Jonathan Lines, Martin James Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Scale-up of insecticide-based interventions has averted more than 500 million malaria cases since 2000. Increasing insecticide resistance could herald a rebound in disease and mortality. We aimed to investigate whether insecticide resistance was associated with loss of effectiveness of long-lasting insecticidal nets and increased malaria disease burden. METHODS: This WHO-coordinated, prospective, observational cohort study was done at 279 clusters (villages or groups of villages in which phenotypic resistance was measurable) in Benin, Cameroon, India, Kenya, and Sudan...
April 9, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642988/status-of-lymphatic-filariasis-with-progression-of-age-and-gender-eradication-strategies-a-survey-among-residents-of-hardoi-district-of-uttar-pradesh-an-endemic-region-of-north-india
#13
Mohd Saeed, Syed Mohd Faisal, Irfan Ahmad, Mohd Adnan Kausar, Md Jahoor Alam, Saif Khan, Huma Mustafa
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a chronic and debilitating disease that affects people in tropical and sub-tropical areas of Asia, Africa, and Western Pacific. It is one of the leading community health problems in some of the endemic districts in India including Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh. The disease is caused by the parasites Wuchereria bancrofti (W. bancrofti), Brugia malayi (B. malayi) and Brugia timori (B. timori), transmitted by the vector Culex, Anopheles and other mosquitoes. This cross-sectional survey study was carried out in rural areas, where its inhabitants vary in socio-economic status, from low to middle-income class...
March 31, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617476/acute-lower-respiratory-infection-in-guarani-indigenous-children-brazil
#14
Patricia Gomes de Souza, Andrey Moreira Cardoso, Clemax Couto Sant'Anna, Maria de Fátima Bazhuni Pombo March
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical profile and treatment of Brazilian Guarani indigenous children aged less than five years hospitalized for acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI), living in villages in the states from Rio de Janeiro to Rio Grande do Sul. METHODS: Of the 234 children, 23 were excluded (incomplete data). The analysis was conducted in 211 children. Data were extracted from charts by a form. Based on record of wheezing and x-ray findings, ALRI was classified as bacterial, viral and viral-bacterial...
March 29, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588943/onchocerciasis-associated-epilepsy-from-recent-epidemiological-and-clinical-findings-to-policy-implications
#15
REVIEW
Robert Colebunders, Alfred K Njamnshi, Marieke van Oijen, Deby Mukendi, Jean Marie Kashama, Michel Mandro, Nolbert Gumisiriza, Pierre-Marie Preux, Patrick Suykerbuyk, Richard Idro
A high prevalence of epilepsy is reported in many onchocerciasis-endemic regions. In this paper we discuss recent epidemiological and clinical aspects as well as public health implications of onchocerciasis-associated epilepsy (OAE) and propose a strategy to reduce the burden of disease. OAE probably presents in a variety of clinical manifestations, including the nodding syndrome and the Nakalanga syndrome. The most common clinical presentation, however, is generalized (primarily tonic-clonic) seizures. A characteristic of OAE is the onset of seizures between the ages of 3 and 18 years and clustering in certain families and villages close to rapid-flowing black-fly-infested rivers...
June 2017: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588922/clinical-signs-of-trachoma-are-prevalent-among-solomon-islanders-who-have-no-persistent-markers-of-prior-infection-with-chlamydia-trachomatis
#16
Robert Butcher, Oliver Sokana, Kelvin Jack, Leslie Sui, Charles Russell, Anna Last, Diana L Martin, Matthew J Burton, Anthony W Solomon, David C W Mabey, Chrissy H Roberts
Background: The low population-prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis and high prevalence of trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) provide contradictory estimates of the magnitude of the public health threat from trachoma in the Solomon Islands. Improved characterisation of the biology of trachoma in the region may support policy makers as they decide what interventions are required. Here, age-specific profiles of anti-Pgp3 antibodies and conjunctival scarring were examined to determine whether there is evidence of ongoing transmission and pathology from ocular Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564157/parenting-for-lifelong-health-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-non-commercialised-parenting-programme-for-adolescents-and-their-families-in-south-africa
#17
Lucie D Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Janina I Steinert, Yulia Shenderovich, Jenny Doubt, Rocio Herrero Romero, Carl J Lombard, Alice Redfern, Catherine L Ward, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Divane Nzima, Nkosiyapha Sibanda, Camille Wittesaele, Sachin De Stone, Mark E Boyes, Ricardo Catanho, Jamie McLaren Lachman, Nasteha Salah, Mzuvukile Nocuza, Frances Gardner
Objective: To assess the impact of 'Parenting for Lifelong Health: Sinovuyo Teen', a parenting programme for adolescents in low-income and middle-income countries, on abuse and parenting practices. Design: Pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting: 40 villages/urban sites (clusters) in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Participants: 552 families reporting conflict with their adolescents (aged 10-18)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559014/a-longitudinal-study-of-cognitive-decline-in-rural-tanzania-rates-and-potentially-modifiable-risk-factors
#18
Jessica Heward, Lydia Stone, Stella-Maria Paddick, Sarah Mkenda, William K Gray, Catherine L Dotchin, John Kissima, Cecilia Collingwood, Bernadetha Swai, Richard W Walker
BACKGROUND: The number of people living with dementia in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is expected to increase rapidly in the coming decades. However, our understanding of how best to reduce dementia risk in the population is very limited. As a first step in developing intervention strategies to manage dementia risk in this setting, we investigated rates of cognitive decline in a rural population in Tanzania and attempted to identify associated factors. METHODS: The study was conducted in the rural Hai district of northern Tanzania...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550774/prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-amongst-older-adults-in-a-rural-area-of-north-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Sumit Malhotra, Praveen Vashist, Mani Kalaivani, Noopur Gupta, Suraj Singh Senjam, Ramashankar Rath, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, causes and associated factors for visual impairment (VI) in rural population of Jhajjar district, Haryana, north India. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in two blocks of Jhajjar district. A total of 34 villages were selected using probability proportionate to size sampling method. Adults aged 50 years and above were selected using compact segment cluster sampling approach. Presenting visual acuity using LogMAR E chart was measured along with collection of other demographic details as part of the house-to-house survey...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536710/-epidemiological-analysis-of-malaria-surveillance-in-jinan-city-from-2012-to-2016
#20
Zhao Xiao-Dong, Han Du-Ju, Yu Qiu-Yan, Xu Shu-Hui
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of malaria reported in the malaria surveillance system in Jinan City from 2012 to 2016, so as to provide the evidence for improving the ability of diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of malaria. METHODS: The data of all reported malaria cases in the malaria surveillance system were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: From 2012 to 2016, 91 malaria cases were found in Jinan City, of which one patient died...
October 24, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
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