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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139339/high-prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-selected-risk-factors-among-adult-tribal-population-in-central-india
#1
Tapas Chakma, Arvind Kavishwar, Ravendra K Sharma, P Vinay Rao
A community based cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors like salt intake, 24-h urinary sodium excretion and body mass index (BMI) among tribal population of Mandla District, Central India. A total of 3090 individuals, from 1258 house hold drawn from 33 sampled villages and 12 urban wards were studied for blood pressure measurements and clinical examination, while 414 urine samples were collected for estimation of 24-h sodium excretion. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to assess the associations of BMI, urinary sodium output and other risk factors with hypertension...
October 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119682/molecular-identification-of-tick-borne-pathogens-infecting-cattle-in-mymensingh-district-of-bangladesh-reveals-emerging-species-of-anaplasma-and-babesia
#2
B C Roy, J Krücken, J S Ahmed, S Majumder, M P Baumann, P-H Clausen, A M Nijhof
Tick-borne diseases are considered a major hindrance to the health and productive performance of cattle in Bangladesh. To elucidate the epidemiology of tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) in local cattle, a cross-sectional study was performed in the 12 subdistricts (Upazilas) of Mymensingh district in Bangladesh. Blood samples and ticks were collected from 384 clinically healthy cattle kept by 135 farmers from 96 randomly selected villages. DNA extracted from the blood samples was subsequently screened by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a Reverse Line Blot (RLB) hybridization assay using an in-house prepared chemiluminescence solution for the presence of Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Rickettsia, Babesia and Theileria spp...
November 8, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119547/interventions-to-improve-access-to-cataract-surgical-services-and-their-impact-on-equity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
REVIEW
Jacqueline Ramke, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Ilse Blignault, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Robin Christensen, Anthony B Zwi, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and the prevalence is inequitably distributed between and within countries. Interventions have been undertaken to improve cataract surgical services, however, the effectiveness of these interventions on promoting equity is not known. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on equity of interventions to improve access to cataract services for populations with cataract blindness (and visual impairment) in LMICs...
November 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102087/availability-cost-and-prescription-patterns-of-antihypertensive-medications-in-primary-health-care-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Meng Su, Qiuli Zhang, Xueke Bai, Chaoqun Wu, Yetong Li, Elias Mossialos, George A Mensah, Frederick A Masoudi, Jiapeng Lu, Xi Li, Sebastian Salas-Vega, Anwen Zhang, Yuan Lu, Khurram Nasir, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Around 200 million adults in China have hypertension, but few are treated or achieve adequate control of their blood pressure. Available and affordable medications are important for successfully controlling hypertension, but little is known about current patterns of access to, and use of, antihypertensive medications in Chinese primary health care. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide cross-sectional survey (the China Patient-Centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events Million Persons Project primary health care survey), which was undertaken between November, 2016 and May, 2017, to assess the availability, cost, and prescription patterns of 62 antihypertensive medications at primary health-care sites across 31 Chinese provinces...
October 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095834/residual-malaria-transmission-dynamics-varies-across-the-gambia-despite-high-coverage-of-control-interventions
#5
Julia Mwesigwa, Jane Achan, Gian Luca Di Tanna, Muna Affara, Musa Jawara, Archibald Worwui, Majidah Hamid-Adiamoh, Fatoumatta Kanuteh, Sainey Ceesay, Teun Bousema, Chris Drakeley, Koen Peeters Grietens, Steve W Lindsay, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Umberto D'Alessandro
Over the last decades, malaria has declined substantially in The Gambia but its transmission has not been interrupted. In order to better target control interventions, it is essential to understand the dynamics of residual transmission. This prospective cohort study was conducted between June 2013 and April 2014 in six pairs of villages across The Gambia. Blood samples were collected monthly during the transmission season (June-December) from all residents aged ≥6 months (4,194 individuals) and then in April (dry season)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094428/an-overview-of-20-years-of-studies-on-the-prevalence-of-human-enteric-viruses-in-shellfish-from-galicia-spain
#6
Jesús L Romalde, Enrique Rivadulla, Miguel F Varela, Juan L Barja
Galicia (NW Spain) has 1,490 km of coastline, and its particular topography, characterized by the presence of fiord-like inlets, called rías, with an important primary production, make this region very favourable for shellfish growth and culture. In fact, Galicia is one of the most important mussel producers in the world. Due to the proximity to cities and villages, and the anthropogenic activities in these estuaries, and despite the routinely official controls of the bivalve harvesting areas, contamination with material of faecal origin is sometimes possible but, whereas current regulation based on Escherichia coli as indicator microorganism has been revealed as useful for bacterial contaminants, this is not the case for enteric viruses...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090016/interventions-to-increase-use-of-services-mental-health-awareness-in-nigeria
#7
Julian Eaton, Emeka Nwefoh, Godwin Okafor, Ugochukwu Onyeonoro, Kenneth Nwaubani, Claire Henderson
BACKGROUND: Mental health services in Nigeria consist mainly of large government psychiatric hospitals and there are very few mental health professionals to serve the large population of the country. However, more recently, community mental health services, which have been shown to improve access to care and clinical outcomes are beginning to develop in some locations. Despite efforts to promote more accessible services, low levels of knowledge about effective treatment of mental disorders means that even where these services are available, a very small proportion of people utilise these services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074476/epidemiology-of-imaging-detected-bone-stress-injuries-in-athletes-participating-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-summer-olympics
#8
Daichi Hayashi, Mohamed Jarraya, Lars Engebretsen, Michel D Crema, Frank W Roemer, Abdalla Skaf, Ali Guermazi
BACKGROUND: Bone stress injuries are common in high-level athletics. AIM: To describe the demographics, frequency and anatomical location of stress injuries (ie, stress reaction and stress fractures) in athletes at the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympic Games. METHODS: We recorded all sports injuries at the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympics reported by the National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and in the polyclinic and medical venues...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069930/long-term-health-effects-of-chemical-warfare-agents-on-children-following-a-single-heavy-exposure
#9
J M Talabani, A I Ali, A M Kadir, R Rashid, F Samin, D Greenwood, Awm Hay
In the 1980s, villages in the Kurdistan region of Iraq were exposed to chemical weapons (CWs), which killed and injured thousands of civilians. There has been no clinical assessment of the long-term effects of CWs exposure on those injured. We report the first such evaluation of CW effects on long-term health of children. Patients from the CW-exposed areas were interviewed to assess previous and current clinical history and underwent clinical examination. The status of organs known to be targets of CWs, including skin, eyes, respiratory and neuromuscular systems, was assessed...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067212/awareness-and-mitigation-measures-on-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-in-pastoral-poultry-flocks-of-north-central-nigeria-any-challenging-gap
#10
Nma B Alhaji, Suleiman Yatswako
Village poultry closely interact with wild birds and other livestock in extensively managed poultry flocks, a practice common in pastoral communities of Nigeria. This practice provides sustained dissemination of avian viruses, such as highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus. The objectives of this study were to assess their knowledge/awareness, risks identification and biosecurity measures on HPAI H5N1 in pastoral poultry flocks. A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in systematically selected pastoral households of North-central Nigeria between May 2015 and June 2016...
August 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067141/biomagnetic-pair-therapy-and-typhoid-fever-a-pilot-study
#11
Bryan L Frank
Objective: This pilot study examined the laboratory responses of patients with laboratory-documented typhoid fever who were treated with Biomagnetic Pair Therapy (BPT; medical biomagnetism), a specific application of pairs of magnets for various ailments that are infectious and otherwise. Materials and Methods: This study was an assessment of patients' response to treatment with only BPT for Salmonella typhi infections (typhoid fever) using standard conventional laboratory techniques. The research was conducted in an outpatient village clinic in Kenya...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063640/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-parkinsonism-dementia-complex-of-the-hohara-focus-of-the-kii-peninsula-a-multiple-proteinopathy
#12
REVIEW
Maya Mimuro, Mari Yoshida, Shigeki Kuzuhara, Yasumasa Kokubo
The high incidence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and parkinsonism-dementia complex (PDC) has been previously known in the Kii Peninsula of Japan and in Guam. Recently, the accumulation of various proteins, such as tau, trans-activation response DNA binding protein 43 kDa (TDP-43), and alpha-synuclein (αSyn), was reported in the brains of patients with ALS/PDC in Guam. To confirm whether similar findings are present in Kii ALS/PDC, we neuropathologically examined the brains and spinal cords of 18 patients with ALS/PDC (clinical diagnoses: eight ALS and 10 PDC) in Hohara Village, which is the eastern focus of Kii ALS...
October 23, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059195/strongyloides-stercoralis-is-associated-with-significant-morbidity-in-rural-cambodia-including-stunting-in-children
#13
Armelle Forrer, Virak Khieu, Fabian Schär, Jan Hattendorf, Hanspeter Marti, Andreas Neumayr, Meng Chuor Char, Christoph Hatz, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted nematode that can replicate within its host, leading to long-lasting and potentially fatal infections. It is ubiquitous and highly prevalent in Cambodia. The extent of morbidity associated with S. stercoralis infection is difficult to assess due to the broad spectrum of symptoms and, thus, remains uncertain. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Clinical signs were compared among S. stercoralis infected vs. non-infected participants in a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2012 in eight villages of Northern Cambodia, and before and after treatment with a single oral dose of ivermectin (200μg/kg BW) among participants harboring S...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051166/epidemiology-of-imaging-detected-tendon-abnormalities-in-athletes-participating-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-summer-olympics
#14
Mohamed Jarraya, Michel D Crema, Lars Engebretsen, Oleg M Teytelboym, Daichi Hayashi, Frank W Roemer, Abdalla Y Skaf, Ali Guermazi
BACKGROUND: Tendon abnormalities are prevalent among both elite and non-elite athletes. Cross-sectional imaging modalities are used to confirm and evaluate the severity of such lesions. AIM: To describe the demographics, prevalence, anatomical location and characteristics of tendon abnormalities in athletes who participated in the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympic Games. METHODS: We recorded all sports injuries reported by the National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and the Organizing Committee medical staff during the Rio 2016 Summer Olympics...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040271/improving-tuberculosis-diagnosis-better-tests-or-better-healthcare
#15
REVIEW
Sumona Datta, Matthew J Saunders, Marco A Tovar, Carlton A Evans
In a Perspective accompanying Sylvia and colleagues, Carlton Evans and colleagues discuss the challenge of squaring policies around tuberculosis diagnosis with the realities of clinical practice in small villages and low-resource settings.
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040263/tuberculosis-detection-and-the-challenges-of-integrated-care-in-rural-china-a-cross-sectional-standardized-patient-study
#16
Sean Sylvia, Hao Xue, Chengchao Zhou, Yaojiang Shi, Hongmei Yi, Huan Zhou, Scott Rozelle, Madhukar Pai, Jishnu Das
BACKGROUND: Despite recent reductions in prevalence, China still faces a substantial tuberculosis (TB) burden, with future progress dependent on the ability of rural providers to appropriately detect and refer TB patients for further care. This study (a) provides a baseline assessment of the ability of rural providers to correctly manage presumptive TB cases; (b) measures the gap between provider knowledge and practice and; (c) evaluates how ongoing reforms of China's health system-characterized by a movement toward "integrated care" and promotion of initial contact with grassroots providers-will affect the care of TB patients...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025114/comprehensive-process-model-of-clinical-information-interaction-in-primary-care-results-of-a-best-fit-framework-synthesis
#17
Tiffany C Veinot, Charles R Senteio, David Hanauer, Julie C Lowery
Objective: To describe a new, comprehensive process model of clinical information interaction in primary care (Clinical Information Interaction Model, or CIIM) based on a systematic synthesis of published research. Materials and Methods: We used the "best fit" framework synthesis approach. Searches were performed in PubMed, Embase, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO, Library and Information Science Abstracts, Library, Information Science and Technology Abstracts, and Engineering Village...
September 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022952/ocular-morbidity-among-porters-at-high-altitudes
#18
Subodh Gnyawali, Gauri Shankar Shrestha, Safal Khanal, Talisa Dennis, John C Spencer
INTRODUCTION: High altitude, often characterized by settings over 2400m, can be detrimental to the human body and pose a significant risk to ocular health. Reports concerning various ocular morbidities occurring as a consequence of high altitude are limited in the current literature. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at evaluating the ocular health of porters working at high altitudesof Himalayas in Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobile eye clinic was set up in Ghat and patient data were collected from its out- patient unit by a team of seven optometrists which was run for five days...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017876/animal-and-human-tungiasis-related-knowledge-and-treatment-practices-among-animal-keeping-households-in-bugiri-district-south-eastern-uganda
#19
Francis Mutebi, Jürgen Krücken, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Charles Waiswa, Norbert Mencke, Wilfred Eneku, Tamale Andrew, Hermann Feldmeier
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic tungiasis caused by Tunga penetrans remains a serious public and animal health problem among endemic villages in Uganda and many sub Saharan African countries. Studies on human and animal tungiasis-related knowledge and treatment practices in endemic communities have never been undertaken, a limitation to development of sustainable control measures. METHODS: A cross sectional study using semi-structured questionnaires (Supplementary file S1) was conducted among 236 animal rearing households in 10 endemic villages in Bugiri District, South-Eastern Uganda...
October 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994646/envisioning-eye-care-from-a-rural-perspective-a-photovoice-project-from-india
#20
Padmaja Kumari Rani, Rajita Kasoju, Venkatiah Komara, Raju Kothapalli, Devichandar Choudary, Jyothi Korani, Jachin D Williams, Clifton M Schor, Nance Wilson
Background To understand barriers and promoters for accessing eye care by rural communities, we used a modified approach to Photovoice, a community-based participatory action research approach Methods Community members took photographs and wrote or spoke stories based upon a series of questions intended to facilitate deeper thinking. Fifteen rural paramedical team members who were affiliated with the rural network of L V Prasad Eye Institute, and 60 people from four villages reported barriers and promoters for eye care access for 20 villages Results Important barriers for accessing eye care included the following: no caretaker at home for grandchildren except for the grandparent(s), alcoholism, uncontrolled blood pressure, inadequate diabetes management, lack of escort for blind people and elders, affordability, and inadequate clinic staffing during summer season when farming villagers were available...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
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