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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918592/internal-phosphorus-load-in-a-mexican-reservoir-through-sediment-speciation-analysis
#1
Henri Márquez-Pacheco, Anne Margrethe Hansen
Since the sequential extraction of phosphorus (P) in sediment makes it possible to determine the P potentially available for release, in this paper, we evaluate the fractions of P in sediment profiles from Valle de Bravo reservoir, a eutrophic lake in central Mexico to determine the contributions of each fraction to the internal P load (IPL). The P fractionation scheme employs sequential extractions of sediment with O2-free water (MilliQ), bicarbonate-dithionite (BD), sodium hydroxide (NaOH), hydrochloric acid (HCl), and potassium persulfate (K2S2O8-) to obtain five P fractions...
September 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918583/evidence-for-contrasting-accumulation-pattern-of-cadmium-in-relation-to-other-elements-in-senilia-senilis-and-tagelus-adansoni-from-the-bijag%C3%A3-s-archipelago-guinea-bissau
#2
Teresa Catry, Paula Figueira, Lina Carvalho, Rui Monteiro, Pedro Coelho, Pedro Miguel Lourenço, Paulo Catry, Quintino Tchantchalam, Inês Catry, Maria J Botelho, Eduarda Pereira, José Pedro Granadeiro, Carlos Vale
Shellfish harvesting in intertidal areas is a widespread and economically important activity in many countries across West Africa. However, in some areas, there is virtually no information concerning the levels of contaminants (and other elements related to nutritional aspects) in the harvested species. We collected sediments and several individuals of the West African bloody cockle Senilia senilis and of the razor clam Tagelus adansoni during the dry season of 2015 nearby three islands in the Bijagós archipelago, Guinea-Bissau...
September 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918536/a-comparative-study-of-inorganic-elements-in-the-blood-of-male-and-female-caspian-pond-turtles-mauremys-caspica-from-the-southern-basin-of-the-caspian-sea
#3
Milad Adel, Adriana A Cortés-Gómez, Maryam Dadar, Hossein Riyahi, Marc Girondot
Due to their bioaccumulation and biomagnification pathways, inorganic elements can accumulate in high-level aquatic organisms in the food web. Then, this species can be used to monitor the quality of the environment. Blood concentration of nine inorganic elements, including possible toxic metals (An, Cu, Mn, Se, As, Ni, Cd, Pb, and Hg), in 20 males and 20 females from eight different locations with high industry and agriculture activities in Iran were evaluated in this work. Additionally, size, sex, condition index, and locations were also included and analyzed...
September 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918510/acquired-hepatocerebral-degeneration-ahd-a-peculiar-neurological-impairment-in-advanced-chronic-liver-disease
#4
A Pigoni, F Iuculano, C Saetti, L Airaghi, L Burdick, S Spreafico, M Curioni, R Lombardi, L Valenti, A L Fracanzani, S Fargion
We discuss the case of a rare and often unrecognized neurologic syndrome, called Acquired Hepatocerebral Degeneration (AHD), observed in patients with advanced liver disease and portosystemic shunts. The clinical manifestations can be very heterogeneous and in our case included a combination of cerebellar and extrapyramidal signs, arisen in a period of few days. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed, in T1-weighted images, diffuse bilateral hyper intensities in basal ganglia and biemispheric brain and cerebellar cortices, resembling paramagnetic deposits...
September 16, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918451/quantitative-18-f-dopa-pet-ct-in-pheochromocytoma-the-relationship-between-tumor-secretion-and-its-biochemical-phenotype
#5
Vincent Amodru, Carole Guerin, Sarkis Delcourt, Pauline Romanet, Anderson Loundou, Bruna Viana, Thierry Brue, Frédéric Castinetti, Frédéric Sebag, Karel Pacak, David Taïeb
INTRODUCTION: (18)F-FDOPA illustrates the properties of uptake and storage of catecholamines in pheochromocytomas (PHEOs). Until now, the relationship between (18)F-FDOPA quantitative parameters and a PHEO secretory profile has not been specifically evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients (56% females, median age: 47.5 yrs) with non-metastatic PHEO, evaluated by (18)F-FDOPA PET/CT, were included in this retrospective study. Forty-five patients had negative genetic testing (80...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918290/in-situ-arsenic-oxidation-and-sorption-by-a-fe-mn-binary-oxide-waste-in-soil
#6
Clare M McCann, Caroline L Peacock, Karen A Hudson-Edwards, Thomas Shrimpton, Neil D Gray, Karen L Johnson
The ability of a Fe-Mn binary oxide waste to adsorb arsenic (As) in a historically contaminated soil was investigated. Initial laboratory sorption experiments indicated that arsenite [As(III)] was oxidized to arsenate [As(V)] by the Mn oxide component, with concurrent As(V) sorption to the Fe oxide. The binary oxide waste had As(III) and As(V) adsorption capacities of 70mgg(-1) and 32mgg(-1) respectively. X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure at the As K-edge confirmed that all binary oxide waste surface complexes were As(V) sorbed by mononuclear bidentate corner-sharing, with 2 Fe at ∼3...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917764/coupling-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-to-inductively-coupled-plasma-atomic-emission-spectrometry-an-oxymoron
#7
David Martínez, Daniel Torregrosa, Guillermo Grindlay, Luis Gras, Juan Mora
Coupling dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction (DLLME) to inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) is usually troublesome due to the limited plasma tolerance to the organic solvents usually employed for metal extraction. This work explores different coupling strategies allowing the multi-element determination by ICP-AES of the solutions obtained after DLLME procedures. To this end, three of the most common extractant solvents in DLLME procedures (1-undecanol, 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium hexafluorophosphate and chloroform) have been selected to face most of the main problems reported in DLLME-ICP-AES coupling (i...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917719/polymorphisms-in-manganese-transporters-show-developmental-stage-and-sex-specific-associations-with-manganese-concentrations-in-primary-teeth
#8
Karin Wahlberg, Manish Arora, Austen Curtin, Paul Curtin, Robert O Wright, Donald R Smith, Roberto G Lucchini, Karin Broberg, Christine Austin
BACKGROUND: Manganese (Mn) is an essential metal that can become neurotoxic at elevated levels with negative consequences on neurodevelopment. We have evaluated the influence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Mn transporter genes SLC30A10 and SLC39A8 on Mn concentrations in dentine, a validated biomarker that reflects Mn tissue concentrations early in life. METHODS: The study included 195 children with variable environmental Mn exposure. Mn concentrations in dentine representing fetal, early postnatal and early childhood developmental periods were measured using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
September 13, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917262/determination-of-several-element-levels-in-hardaliye-beverages-using-flame-atomic-absorption-spectrometry-after-ultrasound-probe-extraction
#9
Dilek Bakircioglu, Nukte Topraksever, Yasemin Bakircioglu Kurtulus
In the present study, concentrations of calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), sodium (Na), and zinc (Zn) in hardaliye samples produced in Turkey were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after ultrasound probe extraction (UPE), microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), and wet extraction procedures. At present, there is limited work in the literature on UPE for the determination of trace elements in beverage samples. Our single-correlation analysis showed that the elements studied with the UPE method in hardaliye were strongly correlated with the MAE procedure...
September 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916351/using-seagrasses-to-identify-local-and-large-scale-trends-of-metals-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#10
Guillem Roca, Javier Romero, Simone Farina, Begoña Martínez-Crego, Teresa Alcoverro
To manage trace metal pollution it is critical to determine how much temporal trends can be attributed to local or large-scale sources. We tracked changes in metal content in the seagrass Posidonia oceanica, along the NW Mediterranean from 2003 to 2010. While Cu, Cd and Ni showed a large inter-site variation, likely due to local factors, Fe, Mn and Pb showed little local variation and synchronous interannual variability across sites, most likely due to large-scale sources. Zn showed equal importance of local and large-scale sources of variation...
September 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916035/sensitive-prostate-specific-antigen-quantification-using-dihydrolipoic-acid-surface-functionalized-phosphorescent-quantum-dots
#11
Marta García-Cortés, María Teresa Fernández-Argüelles, José M Costa-Fernández, Alfredo Sanz-Medel
Herein, high-quality Mn-doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs) have been synthesized using a facile approach directly in aqueous media. The surface of the obtained QDs was further modified by cap-exchange of the native cysteine shell with dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA) ligands resulting in nanocrystals with high water-stability having an intense phosphorescent signal. Covalent bioconjugation of the DHLA-coated nanoparticles with an anti-IgG antibody was then carried out. Interestingly the QD immunoprobe (QD-labelled antibodies) maintained an intense phosphorescence emission, without any significant spectral-shift (as compared to the free QDs)...
September 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915481/general-synthesis-of-hierarchical-c-mox-mno2-m-mn-cu-co-composite-nanofibers-for-high-performance-supercapacitor-electrodes
#12
Guangdi Nie, Xiaofeng Lu, Maoqiang Chi, Mu Gao, Ce Wang
Improving the conductivity and specific surface area of electrospun carbon nanofibers (CNFs) is beneficial to a rapid realization of their applications in energy storage field. Here, a series of one-dimensional C/MOx (M=Mn, Cu, Co) nanostructures are first prepared by a simple two-step process consisting of electrospinning and thermal treatment. The presence of low-valence MOx enhances the porosity and conductivity of nanocomposites to some extent through expanding graphitic domains or mixing metallic Cu into the CNF substrates...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915474/simultaneous-removal-of-cadmium-zinc-and-manganese-using-electrocoagulation-influence-of-operating-parameters-and-electrolyte-nature
#13
Longqian Xu, Guangzhu Cao, Xiaojun Xu, Shuli Liu, Zhengyang Duan, Changhua He, Yao Wang, Qihua Huang
In the present study, the influence of operating parameters and electrolyte nature on the simultaneous removal of toxic metals (cadmium, zinc and manganese) from synthetic smelting wastewater by batch electrocoagulation was investigated. This wastewater contained high concentrations of anion-cation electrolytes. Results indicated that the efficiency of heavy metals removal can be enhanced by increasing the solution pH and current density. The Fe-Fe electrode combination is more effective than the other combinations (Al-Al, Al-Fe and Fe-Al)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915375/the-presence-of-mercury-and-other-trace-metals-in-surface-soils-in-the-norwegian-arctic
#14
Katharina Halbach, Øyvind Mikkelsen, Torunn Berg, Eiliv Steinnes
Svalbard is an important study area for investigating the long-range transport of mercury (Hg) and other trace elements to the Arctic. Few studies have focused on their concentrations in Arctic soils. With ongoing climate change leading to thawing permafrost ground the soil compartment is of increasing importance in the Arctic. In this study, elemental composition and soil organic matter (SOM) content of surface and mineral soils in Svalbard are presented. The aim is to provide new data on soils in the Arctic and to gain more knowledge about the role of the soil in the biogeochemical cycle of mercury (Hg)...
September 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915373/bioaccumulation-of-metals-in-juvenile-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-via-dietary-exposure-to-blue-mussels
#15
Gillian McEneff, Brian Quinn, Matthew Bennion, Sorcha Dolan, Kathleen O'Rourke, Liam Morrison
The potential for metals to bioaccumulate in aquatic species, such as fish, via trophic level transfer was investigated. An in vivo experiment was set up in a flow-through system in which juvenile rainbow trout were fed blue mussels collected from a Class A pristine site and an effluent-impacted river estuary, over a period of 28 days. Selected elements (As, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe, Pb, Mn, Mo, Ni, Se, Sn, V, Zn) were determined in the mussels and fish tissues (muscle and skin) collected at 0, 14 and 28 days. This study reveals the occurrence of metals in mussels sampled in the Irish marine environment and highlights the bioaccumulation potential of metals in fish tissues via trophic transfer...
August 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915055/an-efficient-method-of-designing-stable-layered-cathode-material-for-sodium-ion-batteries-using-aluminum-doping
#16
Hari Vignesh Ramasamy, Karthikeyan Kaliyappan, Ranjith Thangavel, Won Mo Seong, Kisuk Kang, Zhongwei Chen, Yun-Sung Lee
Despite their high specific capacity, sodium layered oxides suffer from severe capacity fading when cycled at higher voltages. This key issue must be addressed in order to develop high-performance cathodes for sodium ion batteries (SIBs). Herein, we present a comprehensive study on the influence of Al doping of Mn sites on the structural and electrochemical properties of a P2-Na0.5Mn0.5-xAlxCo0.5O2 (x = 0, 0.02, or 0.05) cathode for SIBs. Detailed structural, morphological, and electrochemical investigations were carried out using X-ray diffraction, cyclic voltammetry, and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements and some new insights are proposed...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915048/xfel-radiation-damage-through-the-s-state-cycle-of-the-oxygen-evolving-complex-of-photosystem-ii
#17
Muhamed Amin, Mikhail Askerka, Victor S Batista, Gary W Brudvig, Marilyn R Gunner
The oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PSII) catalyzes water-splitting through a reaction mechanism that cycles the OEC through five redox states, the 'S-state' intermediates. Understanding structure/function relations of the S-state intermediates is crucial for elucidation of the reaction mechanism and the design of biomimetic catalytic systems. Due to the limitations of conventional X-ray crystallography, serial femtosecond X-ray crystallography has been used to minimize the radiation-damage...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915029/rapid-one-pot-solvothermal-batch-synthesis-of-porous-nanocrystal-assemblies-composed-of-multiple-transition-metal-elements
#18
Masataka Ohtani, Tomoyuki Muraoka, Yuki Okimoto, Kazuya Kobiro
The ability of a rapid-heating solvothermal process to synthesize porous nanocrystal assemblies composed of the multiple transition metals was demonstrated. The rapid heating facilitated the quick formation of nascent nanocrystals to generate homogeneous mixed transition-metal oxides. Systematic studies of the synthesis of mixed-metal oxides under various experimental conditions indicated that the present simple method is suitable to develop a wide variety of binary and ternary transition-metal systems such as Co/Mn, Ni/Mn, and Co/Mn/Fe mixed-metal oxides...
September 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914791/quercetin-attenuates-manganese-induced-neuroinflammation-by-alleviating-oxidative-stress-through-regulation-of-apoptosis-inos-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-ho-1-nrf2-pathways
#19
Entaz Bahar, Ji-Ye Kim, Hyonok Yoon
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element required for the development of human body and acts as an enzyme co-factor or activator for various reactions of metabolism. While essential in trace amounts, excessive Mn exposure can result in toxic accumulations in human brain tissue and resulting extrapyramidal symptoms called manganism similar to idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Quercetin (QCT) has been demonstrated to play an important role in altering the progression of neurodegenerative diseases by protecting against oxidative stress...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914406/manganese-induced-neurotoxicity-and-alterations-in-gene-expression-in-human-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cells
#20
Deepa Gandhi, Saravanadevi Sivanesan, Krishnamurthi Kannan
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element required for many physiological functions including proper biochemical and cellular functioning of the central nervous system (CNS). However, exposure to excess level of Mn through occupational settings or from environmental sources has been associated with neurotoxicity. The cellular and molecular mechanism of Mn-induced neurotoxicity remains unclear. In the current study, we investigated the effects of 30-day exposure to a sub-lethal concentration of Mn (100 μM) in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) using transcriptomic approach...
September 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
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