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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535047/electronic-and-morphological-dual-modulation-of-cobalt-carbonate-hydroxides-by-mn-doping-towards-highly-efficient-and-stable-bifunctional-electrocatalysts-for-overall-water-splitting
#1
Tang Tang, Wen-Jie Jiang, Shuai Niu, Ning Liu, Hao Luo, Yu-Yun Chen, Shi-Feng Jin, Feng Gao, Li-Jun Wan, Jin-Song Hu
Developing bifunctional non-noble electrocatalysts for efficient and durable oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is highly desirable and challenging for overall water splitting. Herein, Co-Mn carbonate hydroxide (CoMnCH) nanosheet arrays with controllable morphology and composition were developed on nickel foam (NF) as such bifunctional electrocatalysts. It was discovered that Mn doping in CoCH can simultaneously modulate the nanosheet morphology to significantly increase the electrochemical active surface area for exposing more accessible active sites and tune the electronic structure of Co center to effectively boost its intrinsic activity...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534266/leaching-behavior-of-u-mn-sr-and-pb-from-different-particle-size-fractions-of-uranium-mill-tailings
#2
Bo Liu, Tongjiang Peng, Hongjuan Sun
Pollution by the release of heavy metals from tailings constitutes a potential threat to the environment. To characterize the processes governing the release of Mn, Sr, Pb, and U from the uranium mill tailings, a dynamic leaching test was applied for different size of uranium mill tailings samples. Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were performed to determine the content of Mn, Sr, Pb, and U in the leachates. The release of mobile Mn, Sr, Pb, and U fraction was slow, being faster in the initial stage and then attained a near steady-state condition...
May 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532066/design-and-characterization-of-a-novel-nickel-free-cobalt-base-alloy-for-intravascular-stents
#3
Qiang Wang, Yibin Ren, M Babar Shahzad, Wei Zhang, Xumeng Pan, Song Zhang, Dan Zhang
Co-Cr-W-Ni alloy (L605) with high tensile strength is used in coronary stents. The thickness of individual strut of the stent is reduced which can decrease the stent restenosis rate. However, about 10% Ni element content in L605 is found to cause allergic reactions and pulmonary embolism, similar to the traditional 316L stainless steel. In this study, a novel nickel-free cobalt-base alloy Co-20Cr-12Fe-18Mn-2Mo-4W-N (wt%) was designed and fabricated in order to efficiently avoid the potential hazards of Ni element...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532026/high-performance-hydrogen-sensor-based-on-mn-implanted-zno-nanowires-array-fabricated-on-ito-substrate
#4
A Renitta, K Vijayalakshmi
In the present research, we propose a novel approach for the detection of hydrogen gas using Mn implanted ZnO nanowires fabricated onto ITO coated glass substrate by chemical spray pyrolysis deposition. The effect of Mn concentration on the structural, optical and morphological properties of ZnO films were investigated. X-ray diffraction studies showed that the Mn implanted ZnO films were grown as a polycrystalline hexagonal wurtzite phase without any impurities. The (101) peak position of ZnO-Mn films was shifted towards a lower angle with increasing Mn concentration...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530825/effect-of-wood-aging-on-wine-mineral-composition-and-87sr-86sr-isotopic-ratio
#5
Ayse Deniz Kaya, Raúl Bruno de Sousa, António Sérgio Curvelo-Garcia, Jorge Manuel Ricardo-da-Silva, Sofia Catarino
Evolution of mineral composition and wine strontium isotopic ratio 87Sr/86Sr (Sr IR) during wood aging were investigated. A red wine was aged in stainless steel tanks with French oak staves (Quercus sessiliflora Salisb.), with three industrial scale replicates. Sampling was carried out after 30, 60 and 90 days of aging, and the wines evaluated in terms of general analysis, phenolic composition, total polysaccharides, multi-element composition and Sr IR. Li, Be, Mg, Al, Sc, Ti, V, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, Ge, As, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Mo, Sb, Cs, Ba, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu, Tl, Pb elements and 87Sr/86Sr were determined by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (Q-ICP-MS), Na, K, Ca and Fe by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530750/first-principles-study-of-the-structural-stability-and-electrochemical-properties-of-na2msio4-m-mn-fe-co-and-ni-polymorphs
#6
F Bianchini, H Fjellvåg, P Vajeeston
Sodium orthosilicates Na2MSiO4 (M = Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) have attracted much attention due to the possibility of exchanging two electrons per formula unit. They are also found to exhibit great structural stability due to a diamond-like arrangement of tetrahedral groups. In this work, we have systematically studied the possible polymorphism of these compounds by means of density functional theory, optimising the structure of a number of systems with different group symmetries. The ground state is found to be Pc-symmetric for all the considered M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and several similar structures exhibiting different symmetries coexist within a 0...
May 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530731/controllable-mn-doped-zno-nanorods-for-direct-assembly-of-a-photoelectrochemical-aptasensor
#7
Jing Li, Zhihui Dai, Hongbo Li
A label-free photoelectrochemical (PEC) aptasensor for K(+) was first constructed by direct self-assembly of the K(+) aptamer onto the electrodeposited Mn-doped ZnO nanorods. In the presence of K(+), the conformation of G-quadruplex changes to a K(+)-stabilized conformation, which can efficiently prevent the quercetin electron donor from reaching the functionalized photoanode, thus proportionately affecting the quercetin-enhanced photocurrent response. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the fabricated biosensor exhibited a linear response in the K(+) concentration range of 0...
May 22, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530605/screening-of-passiflora-l-mineral-content-using-principal-component-analysis-and-kohonen-self-organizing-maps
#8
Cleber Galvão Novaes, Ivana Lago da Silva Romão, Berlane Gomes Santos, Jéssica Palhares Ribeiro, Marcos Almeida Bezerra, Erik Galvão Paranhos da Silva
A method using digestion with diluted nitric acid and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry was applied to determine metal ions in the peel, pulp, and seed of Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa and Passiflora cincinnata cultivated in the Bahia state, Brazil. Plasma parameters (radio frequency power and argon flow rates) were optimized. The quantification limits (µg g(-1)) were: Ca (43.0); Co (1.3); Cu (10.0); Fe (10.0); K (20.0); Mg (26.6); Mn (0.33); Na (56.6) and Zn (10.0). The accuracy of the method was evaluated by the analysis of certified reference materials (NIST 1567a Wheat Flour and NIST 1577b Bovine Liver)...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530143/intranasal-melatonin-nanoniosomes-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamics-and-toxicity-studies
#9
Aroonsri Priprem, Jeffrey R Johns, Sucharat Limsitthichaikoon, Wanwisa Limphirat, Pramote Mahakunakorn, Nutjaree Prateepawanit Johns
AIM: Intranasal melatonin encapsulated in nanosized niosomes was preclinically evaluated. METHODOLOGY: A formula of melatonin niosomes (MN) was selected through physicochemical and cytotoxic data for pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamics and toxicity studies in male Wistar rats. RESULTS: Intranasal MN was bioequivalent to intravenous injection of melatonin, providing therapeutic level doses. Acute and subchronic toxicity screening showed no abnormal signs, symptoms or hematological effects in any animals...
June 2017: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530093/iron-oxide-nanoparticles-powered-micro-optical-coherence-tomography-for-in-situ-imaging-the-penetration-and-swelling-of-polymeric-microneedles-in-skin
#10
Razina Z Seeni, Xiaojun Yu, Hao Chang, Peng Chen, Linbo Liu, Chenjie Xu
In recent years, polymeric microneedles (MNs) have attracted keen interests among researchers for their applicability in transdermal drug delivery and interstitial skin fluid (ISF) extraction. When design and characterize such devices, it is critical to monitor their real-time in vitro and in vivo performances to optimize the desired effects, yet most of the existing methods are incapable of such functions. To address this unmet need, we develop a real-time non-invasive imaging methodology by integrating iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles into polymeric MNs to enhance image contrast for micro-optical coherence tomography (µOCT) imaging...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529564/synthesis-characterization-and-anticancer-activities-of-transition-metal-complexes-with-a-nicotinohydrazone-ligand
#11
Shanshan Shen, Hong Chen, Taofeng Zhu, Xiuqin Ma, Jun Xu, Wenjiao Zhu, Ruhua Chen, Jing Xie, Tieliang Ma, Lei Jia, Yuan Wang, Chunyan Peng
The reaction of divalent transition metal salts and (E)-N'-(1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidene)nicotinohydrazide (penh) led to the formation of [Mn(penh)2] (complex 1), [Co(penh)2] (complex 2), [Cu(penh)2] (complex 3) and [Cd (penh)2] (complex 4) complexes. The four complexes were characterized using elemental analyses, infrared spectra and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Subsequently, the complexes were used for in vitro cell level experiments to determine potential antitumor effects. The results demonstrated that the complexes exhibited a similar structure; however, they were crystallized with distinct space groups...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529528/safety-evaluation-of-potential-toxic-metals-exposure-from-street-foods-consumed-in-mid-west-nigeria
#12
O C Ekhator, N A Udowelle, S Igbiri, R N Asomugha, Z N Igweze, O E Orisakwe
Objective. Street-vended foods offer numerous advantages to food security; nevertheless, the safety of street food should be considered. This study has investigated the level of potential toxic metal (Pb, Cd, Hg, Sb, Mn, and Al) contamination among street-vended foods in Benin City and Umunede. Methods. Twenty street food samples were purchased from vendors at bus stops. Metals were analyzed with atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The methods developed by the US EPA were employed to evaluate the potential health risk of toxic metals...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529240/protective-effects-of-curcumin-on-manganese-induced-bv-2-microglial-cell-death
#13
Euteum Park, Hong Sung Chun
Curcumin, a bioactive component in tumeric, has been shown to exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic, hepatoprotective, and neuroprotective effects, but the effects of curcumin against manganese (Mn)-mediated neurotoxicity have not been studied. This study examined the protective effects of curcumin on Mn-induced cytotoxicity in BV-2 microglial cells. Curcumin (0.1-10 μM) dose-dependently prevented Mn (250 μM)-induced cell death. Mn-induced mitochondria-related apoptotic characteristics, such as caspase-3 and -9 activation, cytochrome c release, Bax increase, and Bcl-2 decrease, were significantly suppressed by curcumin...
May 20, 2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528790/characterization-of-a-novel-thermostable-gh45-endoglucanase-from-chaetomium-thermophilum-and-its-biodegradation-of-pectin
#14
Qinzheng Zhou, Peng Ji, Jianye Zhang, Xue Li, Chao Han
A novel thermostable endoglucanase (CTendo45) encoding gene was cloned from Chaetomium thermophilum and heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris. Sequence alignment indicated that the CTendo45 enzyme belonged to glycoside hydrolase family 45. The recombinant enzyme was purified by Ni(2+) affinity chromatography, and its apparent molecular mass was estimated to be 32 kDa by SDS-PAGE. The purified enzyme displayed maximum activity at 70°C and pH 4. CTendo45 was stable at 60°C for 1 h, and residual activities of 78...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528651/manganese-in-marine-microbiology
#15
Colleen M Hansel
The importance of manganese in the physiology of marine microbes, the biogeochemistry of the ocean and the health of microbial communities of past and present is emerging. Manganese is distributed widely throughout the global ocean, taking the form of an essential antioxidant (Mn(2+)), a potent oxidant (Mn(3+)) and strong adsorbent (Mn oxides) sequestering disproportionately high levels of trace metals and nutrients in comparison to the surrounding seawater. Manganese is, in fact, linked to nearly all other elemental cycles and intricately involved in the health, metabolism and function of the ocean's microbiome...
2017: Advances in Microbial Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528647/transition-metal-homeostasis-in-streptococcus-pyogenes-and-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#16
Andrew G Turner, Cheryl-Lynn Y Ong, Mark J Walker, Karrera Y Djoko, Alastair G McEwan
Trace metals such as Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu are essential for various biological functions including proper innate immune function. The host immune system has complicated and coordinated mechanisms in place to either starve and/or overload invading pathogens with various metals to combat the infection. Here, we discuss the roles of Fe, Mn and Zn in terms of nutritional immunity, and also the roles of Cu and Zn in metal overload in relation to the physiology and pathogenesis of two human streptococcal species, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes...
2017: Advances in Microbial Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528504/assessment-of-trace-metal-accumulation-in-native-mussels-brachidontes-rodriguezii-from-a-south-american-temperate-estuary
#17
Natalia Sol Buzzi, Ana Laura Oliva, Andrés Hugo Arias, Jorge Eduardo Marcovecchio
The present work provides the first results in heavy metal bioaccumulation in the autochthonous mussel Brachidontes rodriguezii from the Bahía Blanca Estuary (Argentina), one of the most important coastal environments of South America, subjected to different anthropogenic pressure. The study is based on the detection of Cd, Cu, Pb, Mn, and Fe in mussels' soft tissue and sediments' fine fraction by means of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), in order to analyze the potential relationship between both components of the aquatic system...
May 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528499/metal-transport-and-remobilisation-in-a-basin-affected-by-acid-mine-drainage-the-role-of-ochreous-amorphous-precipitates
#18
Sirio Consani, Cristina Carbone, Enrico Dinelli, Tonci Balić-Žunić, Laura Cutroneo, Marco Capello, Gabriella Salviulo, Gabriella Lucchetti
Metal-polluted mine waters represent a major threat to the quality of waters and sediments in a downstream basin. At the confluence between acidic mine waters and the unpolluted waters of the Gromolo Torrent (Liguria, North-West Italy), the massive formation of an ochreous amorphous precipitate takes place. This precipitate forms a soft blanket that covers the torrent bed and can be observed down to its mouth in the sea. The aim of this work is to evaluate the dispersion of metals in the Gromolo Torrent basin from the abandoned Cu-Fe sulphide mine of Libiola to the Ligurian Sea and to assess the metal remobilisation from the amorphous precipitates...
May 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528131/no-increase-in-the-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-population-based-annual-temporal-trends-epidemiology-study
#19
Kianoush Kashani, Min Shao, Guangxi Li, Amy W Williams, Andrew D Rule, Walter K Kremers, Michael Malinchoc, Ognjen Gajic, John C Lieske
Recent literature suggests an increase in the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated population-based trends of AKI over the course of nine years, using a validated electronic health record tool to detect AKI. All adult residents (18 years of age and older) of Olmsted County, Minnesota (MN), admitted to the Mayo Clinic Hospital between 2006 and 2014 were included. The incidence rate of AKI was calculated and temporal trends in the annual AKI incident rates assessed. During the nine-year study period, 10,283, and 41,847 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit or general ward, with 1,740 and 2,811 developing AKI, respectively...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527967/feasibility-and-safety-of-the-transbronchial-access-tool-for-peripheral-pulmonary-nodule-and-mass
#20
Mark R Bowling, Craig Brown, Carlos J Anciano
BACKGROUND: Navigational bronchoscopy and other imaging modalities have improved the ability to evaluate pulmonary nodules/mass. Many of these lesions are located outside the bronchial airway and are difficult to access even with these devices. The Transbronchial Access Tool (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) allows the bronchoscopist to create a pathway from the bronchial airway, across the lung parenchyma, and into the target lesion. We are reporting the feasibility and safety of this new device...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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