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Adult Children of Alcoholics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893040/relationship-between-parental-bonding-and-tobacco-specific-practices-as-predictors-of-tobacco-usage-in-adults
#1
Kailash Asawa, Astha Doshi, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Ashish Chhajlani, Satish Bhosle, Sandeep Jain, Disha Shah
INTRODUCTION: Parents influence their child's conduct and adolescence hostility either directly or indirectly. Similarly children can acquire a particular behaviour by observing and intentionally imitating their parents in order to simply copy them without understanding the positive or negative outcome. AIM: To assess and compare the association between parental tobacco usage and parental bonding with participants tobacco usage habits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 130 adults...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886402/identification-and-initial-management-of-intoxication-by-alcohol-and-other-drugs-in-the-pediatric-emergency-room
#2
REVIEW
Thiago Gatti Pianca, Anne Orgle Sordi, Thiago Casarin Hartmann, Lisiavon Diemen
OBJECTIVE: To review the screening, diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of intoxication by alcohol and other drugs in children and adolescents in the emergency scenario. DATA SOURCE: This was a narrative literature review. DATA SUMMARY: The detection of this problem in the emergency room can be a challenge, especially when its assessment is not standardized. The intentional and episodic use of large amounts of psychoactive substances by adolescents is a usual occurrence, and unintentional intoxication is more common in children younger than 12 years...
September 5, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872495/dislocated-dental-prothesis-sitting-at-the-larynx-in-an-aphasic-patient-potentially-fatal-situation
#3
Bilge Türk, Özlem Ünsal, Kerem Sami Kaya, Berna Uslu Coşkun
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body in respiration tract is a life-threatening emergency and requires urgent treatment. The diagnosis and treatment requires awareness and suspicion of signs and symptoms of foreign body aspiration. CASE: A unique case of total dental prothesis aspiration of a 44-year-old aphasic patient is presented. The prothesis is completely removed from the larynx. DISCUSSION: Foreign-body aspiration is frequently suspected in children, it is rarely thought about in adults with subacute or chronic respiratory symptoms unless an evident history of an aspiration event is obtained...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838601/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-what-pediatric-providers-need-to-know
#4
Angela Nash, Leah Davies
Prenatal alcohol exposure is the cause of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), the prevalence of which is similar to that of other developmental disabilities like Down syndrome and autism. Children, adolescents, and adults who live with the disabilities associated with prenatal alcohol exposure face extraordinary challenges throughout their lives. Pediatric providers need to be able to identify patients with FASD because early recognition and intervention is known to improve life outcomes for affected individuals...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837934/maternal-alcohol-use-disorders-and-depression-in-emerging-adulthood-examining-the-relevance-of-social-ties-childhood-adversity-and-socioeconomic-status
#5
Joseph D Wolfe
A number of recent studies have found that alcohol use disorders (AUDs) among parents are associated with higher levels of depression in their adult children. However, these studies have not considered whether several important social conditions in childhood help explain this association. Using a large sample of young adults from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth 1979 Children and Young Adults (NLSY79-CY), this study examines changes in the relationship between maternal AUDs and depression in emerging adulthood after controlling for three clusters of variables related to childhood social ties, adversity, and socioeconomic status...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834683/global-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-and-binge-drinking-during-pregnancy-and-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#6
Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Gerrit Gmel, Jürgen Rehm
Alcohol use during pregnancy is an established cause of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), with heavy drinking during pregnancy being explicitly linked to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). The current paper presents recent estimates of the prevalence of: i) any amount of alcohol use during pregnancy, ii) one or more binge drinking episode(s) (four or more standard drinks on a single occasion) during pregnancy, iii) FAS, and iv) FASD among the general population globally and by World Health Organization region...
August 23, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828909/voice-outcomes-of-adults-diagnosed-with-pediatric-vocal-fold-nodules-and-impact-of-speech-therapy
#7
Brian H Song, Maqdooda Merchant, Luke Schloegel
Objective To evaluate the voice outcomes of adults diagnosed with vocal fold nodules (VFNs) as children and to assess the impact of speech therapy on long-term voice outcomes. Study Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Large health care system. Subjects and Methods Subjects diagnosed with VFNs as children between the years 1996 and 2008 were identified within a medical record database of a large health care system. Included subjects were 3 to 12 years old at the time of diagnosis, had a documented laryngeal examination within 90 days of diagnosis, and were ≥18 years as of December 31, 2014...
August 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814368/uncommon-occurrence-of-lip-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-a-pediatric-patient
#8
Saygo Tomo, Ingrid da Silva Santos, Aline Reis Stefanini, Guilherme de Oliveira Cucolicchio, Glauco Issamu Miyahara, Luciana Estevam Simonato
Although head and neck squamous cell carcinoma represents one of the most common cancers among adults, it is rare in pediatric patients. The purpose of this report is to discuss the case of a 15-year-old male patient referred by his dentist due to a three-month old ulcer in his lower lip. The patient denied tobacco smoking and drinking alcohol, and confirmed that he performed manual labor in a brick yard, being exposed daily to the sun without protection. Clinical examination revealed an exophytic rounded ulcer in the right lower lip, measuring 1...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#9
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803504/the-pharmacological-management-of-nafld-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
Savinda Liyanagedera, Robert Patrick Williams, Silvio Veraldi, Valerio Nobili, Jake P Mann
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum, including 'simple' steatosis, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and fibrosis. Increasing prevalence of NAFLD has followed the international rise in obesity and lifestyle modification is the mainstay therapy for children. To date, pharmacological trials have had varying efficacy but a large number of new agents are in early phase trials for adults. Areas covered: This review explores the effect of current and potential future paediatric NAFLD treatments in terms of histological and biochemical endpoints...
August 21, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799984/lidocaine-spray-as-a-local-analgesic-for-intravenous-cannulation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Joris Datema, Jeroen Veldhuis, Jolita Bekhof
OBJECTIVES: Lidocaine spray is an effective analgesic of mucous membranes. Lidocaine spray is also used during intravenous (i.v.) cannulation, especially in children. However, the analgesic effect of lidocaine spray during i.v. cannulation has not been studied. We aimed to assess the analgesic effectiveness of lidocaine spray during i.v. cannulation. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial in seventeen healthy adults who received an i...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782467/current-and-under-development-treatment-modalities-of-psoriasis-a-review
#12
Abdul Albaghdadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a chronic and complex autoimmune inflammatory skin disease that affects over 125 million people worldwide. It can exhibit at any age, in spite of the fact that children are less normally influenced than adults. It is characterized by distinct erythematous plaques shielded with conspicuous silvery scales that shows up in different areas of the skin. Knowledge of pathophysiology, especially the pathogenesis of psoriasis, has significantly progressed in the recent decade...
August 4, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777971/vegetarian-diets-and-depressive-symptoms-among-men
#13
Joseph R Hibbeln, Kate Northstone, Jonathan Evans, Jean Golding
BACKGROUND: Vegetarian diets are associate with cardiovascular and other health benefits, but little is known about mental health benefits or risks. AIMS: To determine whether self-identification of vegetarian dietary habits is associated with significant depressive symptoms in men. METHOD: Self-report data from 9668 adult male partners of pregnant women in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) included identification as vegetarian or vegan, dietary frequency data and the Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764668/liquor-licences-issued-to-australian-schools
#14
Bernadette M Ward, Rebecca Kippen, Geoffrey Munro, Penny Buykx, Nyanda McBride, John Wiggers, Madeline Clark
BACKGROUND: Children's positive socialisation to alcohol is associated with early initiation of drinking and alcohol-related harm in adult life. Internationally, there have been reports of adults' alcohol consumption at school events in the presence of children. The aim of this research was to identify the conditions under which Australian schools are required to apply for a liquor licence and the associated prevalence of liquor licences for these events where children were likely to be present...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731564/alcohol-related-knowledge-and-alcohol-related-norms-in-4-to-6-year-olds-evidence-from-the-dutch-electronic-appropriate-beverage-task
#15
Carmen Voogt, Roy Otten, Marloes Kleinjan, Rutger Engels, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: Limited research is available on children's alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms, yet a better comprehension of these factors may be crucial in explaining alcohol use later in life. This study provides insights into alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms in 4- to 6-year-olds. METHODS: Participating children (N = 329; 48.9% boys) were shown, on a tablet, 18 drawings depicting 72 male and female adults and/or children in various situations, and were asked to indicate what the depicted persons drank by touching 1 of 12 depicted beverages (4 alcoholic; 8 nonalcoholic)...
July 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727687/hippocampus-dependent-memory-and-allele-specific-gene-expression-in-adult-offspring-of-alcohol-consuming-dams-after-neonatal-treatment-with-thyroxin-or-metformin
#16
E Tunc-Ozcan, S L Wert, P H Lim, A Ferreira, E E Redei
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), the result of fetal alcohol exposure (FAE), affects 2-11% of children worldwide, with no effective treatments. Hippocampus-based learning and memory deficits are key symptoms of FASD. Our previous studies show hypothyroxinemia and hyperglycemia of the alcohol-consuming pregnant rat, which likely affects fetal neurodevelopment. We administered vehicle, thyroxine (T4) or metformin to neonatal rats post FAE and rats were tested in the hippocampus-dependent contextual fear-conditioning paradigm in adulthood...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711745/child-maltreatment-and-age-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-initiation-in-high-risk-youth
#17
Laura J Proctor, Terri Lewis, Scott Roesch, Richard Thompson, Alan J Litrownik, Diana English, Amelia M Arria, Patricia Isbell, Howard Dubowitz
INTRODUCTION: Youth with a history of child maltreatment use substances and develop substance use disorders at rates above national averages. Thus far, no research has examined pathways from maltreatment to age of substance use initiation for maltreated youth. We examined the longitudinal impact of maltreatment in early childhood on age of alcohol and marijuana use initiation, and whether internalizing and externalizing behaviors at age 8 mediates the link between maltreatment and age of substance use initiation...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700591/trends-in-traumatic-brain-injury-mortality-in-china-2006-2013-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#18
Peixia Cheng, Peng Yin, Peishan Ning, Lijun Wang, Xunjie Cheng, Yunning Liu, David C Schwebel, Jiangmei Liu, Jinlei Qi, Guoqing Hu, Maigeng Zhou
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant global public health problem, but has received minimal attention from researchers and policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Epidemiological evidence of TBI morbidity and mortality is absent at the national level for most LMICs, including China. Using data from China's Disease Surveillance Points (DSPs) system, we conducted a population-based longitudinal analysis to examine TBI mortality, and mortality differences by sex, age group, location (urban/rural), and external cause of injury, from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2013 in China...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676332/circulating-exosomes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-as-phenotypic-biomarkers-and-mechanistic-messengers-of-end-organ-morbidity
#19
REVIEW
Abdelnaby Khalyfa, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, David Gozal
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the most severe form of sleep disordered breathing, is characterized by intermittent hypoxia during sleep (IH), sleep fragmentation, and episodic hypercapnia. OSA is associated with increased risk for morbidity and mortality affecting cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurocognitive systems, and more recently with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cancer-related deaths. Substantial variability in OSA outcomes suggests that genetically-determined and environmental and lifestyle factors affect the phenotypic susceptibility to OSA...
July 1, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654845/alcohol-related-cognitions-in-children-aged-2-10-and-how-they-are-shaped-by-parental-alcohol-use-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Carmen Voogt, Miriam Beusink, Marloes Kleinjan, Roy Otten, Rutger Engels, Koen Smit, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to summarize the evidence of the impact of parental alcohol use on the acquisition of children's alcohol-related cognitions (alcohol-related knowledge, alcohol-related norms, alcohol expectancies) in the developmental period from age two to ten. METHODS: A computer-assisted systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, PsychINFO, ERIC, and EMBASE. Overall, 20 out of the 3406 unique articles identified in the first screening were included...
August 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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