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Adult Children of Alcoholics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776800/risk-of-emergency-hospital-admission-in-children-associated-with-mental-disorders-and-alcohol-misuse-in-the-household-an-electronic-birth-cohort-study
#1
Shantini Paranjothy, Annette Evans, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, David Fone, Behnaz Schofield, Ann John, Mark A Bellis, Ronan A Lyons, Daniel Farewell, Sara Jayne Long
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders and alcohol misuse are common in families but their effects on the physical health of children are not known. We investigated the risk of emergency hospital admissions during childhood associated with living with an adult who has a mental health disorder, or who had an alcohol-related hospital admission. METHODS: We did this cohort study in a total population electronic child cohort in Wales, UK, which includes all children who live in Wales or with a mother who is resident in Wales...
May 15, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735782/an-overview-of-liver-transplant-pathology-data-from-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-western-india
#2
Fiona Fonseca, Bijal Kulkarni, Meenal Hastak, Vinay Kumaran, Vibha Varma, Sorabh Kapoor
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: 1. Study of liver explants - Etiologic types of end-stage chronic liver disease (ESCLD) and acute liver failure (ALF) in adults and children. 2. Assessment of donor steatosis and incidental granulomas. 3. Post-transplant liver biopsies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Specimens of 180 explant hepatectomies, 173 donor wedge and 30 core liver biopsies, and 58 post transplant liver biopsies received in our department from April 2013 to March 2017. RESULTS: 1...
April 9, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718971/personal-social-and-environmental-factors-associated-with-lifejacket-wear-in-adults-and-children-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Amy E Peden, Daniel Demant, Martin S Hagger, Kyra Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: Drowning claims 7% of the global burden of injury-related deaths. Lifejackets are routinely recommended as a drowning prevention strategy; however, a review of related factors regarding lifejacket wear has not previously been investigated. METHODS: This systematic review examined literature published from inception to December 2016 in English and German languages. The personal, social, and environmental factors associated with lifejacket wear among adults and children were investigated, a quantitative evaluation of the results undertaken, and gaps in the literature identified...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718268/health-conditions-functional-status-and-health-care-utilization-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Robert J Fortuna, Ashley Holub, Margaret A Turk, Jon Meccarello, Philip W Davidson
Aim: Health conditions in children with cerebral palsy (CP) are well described, yet health is less defined with advancing age. We examined health conditions, functional status and health care utilization in adults with CP across age groups. Methods: We collected cross-sectional data on health conditions, functional status and utilization from the medical records of adults with CP across a large university-affiliated primary care network using the Rochester Health Status Survey IV (RHSS-IV), a 58-item validated survey...
April 27, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699551/carlsberg-alibi-marketing-in-the-uefa-euro-2016-football-finals-implications-of-probably-inappropriate-alcohol-advertising
#5
Rachael Murray, Magdalena Opazo Breton, John Britton, Jo Cranwell, Bruce Grant-Braham
BACKGROUND: Alcohol advertising is a key driver of alcohol consumption, and is prohibited in France by the Loi Evin. In 2016 the Danish brewer Carlsberg sponsored the UEFA Euro 2016 finals, held in France, and used the alibis 'Probably' and '…the best in the world' in place of Carlsberg in pitch-side advertising. We have quantified the advertising exposure achieved during the final seven games in the UEFA Euro 2016 championship. METHODS: Appearances of the Carlsberg alibis 'Probably' and 'the best in the world' were counted and timed to the nearest second during all active play in live coverage of quarter final, semi-final and final matches broadcast in the UK...
April 25, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691871/a-theoretical-model-of-resilience-capacity-drawn-from-the-words-of-adult-children-of-alcoholics
#6
Sihyun Park, Karen G Schepp
BACKGROUND: Resilience can be defined as exhibiting positive outcomes after serious threats to one's adaptation or development. AIMS: This study aimed to suggest a theoretical model of resilience capacity by validating and extending one of the existing nursing theories of resilience-the society-to-cell model developed by Szanton and Gill. To do so, we conducted a qualitative study exploring the factors and conditions influencing adaptation in children of alcoholics (i...
April 25, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686865/the-presence-of-children-in-households-was-associated-with-dietary-intake-among-japanese-married-women-the-potato-study
#7
Aki Saito, Mai Matsumoto, Aiko Hyakutake, Masafumi Saito, Naoko Okamoto
A growing body of evidence from Western countries shows that the presence of children in households is associated with the dietary intake of adults, but little is known about this relationship in non-Western countries with different food cultures. Our aim was to examine whether dietary intake was different with respect to the presence of young children in the home among Japanese married women. Subjects were Japanese married women (aged 23-44 years) living with children aged less than 5 years ( n 73) and married women who did not have children ( n 85)...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660323/nationwide-trends-in-acute-and-chronic-pancreatitis-among-privately-insured-children-and-non-elderly-adults-in-the-united-states-2007-2014
#8
Zachary M Sellers, Donna MacIsaac, Helen Yu, Melody Dehghan, Ke-You Zhang, Rachel Bensen, Jessie J Wong, Cindy Kin, K T Park
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Epidemiologic analyses of acute and chronic pancreatitis (AP and CP) provide insight into causes and strategies for prevention, and affect allocation of resources to its study and treatment. We sought to determine current and accurate incidences of AP and CP, along with the prevalence of CP, in children and adults in the United States. METHODS: We collected data from the Truven MarketScan Research Databases of commercial inpatient and outpatient insurance claims in the United States from 2007 through 2014 (patients 0-64 years old)...
April 13, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651819/biochemical-predictors-of-early-onset-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-young-children-with-obesity
#9
Ju Young Kim, Jinmin Cho, Hye Ran Yang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and their associated risk factors are not well-established in young children with obesity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of early onset NAFLD and identify its biochemical predictors in obese children aged less than 10 years. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, laboratory tests, and abdominal ultrasonography (USG) were performed in all subjects...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627115/migrant-children-within-europe-a-systematic-review-of-children-s-perspectives-on-their-health-experiences
#10
REVIEW
P Curtis, J Thompson, H Fairbrother
OBJECTIVES: To review the extant literature to explore what is known about children's own perspectives on their health experiences, focussing on children and young people who have migrated into, and within, Europe. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review with narrative synthesis. METHODS: A review of English language articles was performed in June 2016 using the following databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane and Web of Science. Included articles had to report data generated directly with children, up to 18 years of age, who had migrated across national borders into, or within, Europe during their own lifetimes...
April 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596284/a-case-of-wernicke-encephalopathy-developing-after-ileal-bypass-surgery
#11
Tülay Kamaşak, Sibel Kul, Mustafa Tuşat, Nezir Ozgun, Ali Cansu
Wernicke encephalopathy is an acute neurological problem resulting from thiamine deficiency and manifesting with mental confusion, oculomotor dysfunction, and ataxia. It is associated with alcohol dependence in adults. Preparatory factors include hyperemesis gravidarum, prolonged diarrhea, prolonged parental nutrition without vitamin support, absorption disorders, anorexia, cancer, and chemotherapy. Failure to consider the clinical findings and preparatory factors of this disease, which is rare in children, can delay diagnosis...
March 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578626/both-children-and-adult-patients-with-difficult-to-treat-atopic-dermatitis-have-high-prevalences-of-concomitant-allergic-contact-dermatitis-and-are-frequently-polysensitized
#12
M Boonstra, T Rustemeyer, M A Middelkamp-Hup
BACKGROUND: Concomitant allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) has been described as a possible cause of atopic dermatitis (AD) becoming difficult-to-treat. However, contact sensitization in this patient group has barely been studied. OBJECTIVE: To study the occurrence of ACD in a population of difficult-to-treat AD children and adults. METHODS: Clinical and patch test information of 48 patients with difficult-to-treat AD unresponsive to conventional out-patient treatments was gathered retrospectively...
March 26, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573000/what-is-going-on-in-underage-drinking-reflections-on-finnish-european-school-survey-project-on-alcohol-and-other-drugs-data-1999-2015
#13
Kirsimarja Raitasalo, Jenni Simonen, Christoffer Tigerstedt, Pia Mäkelä, Heli Tapanainen
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: As alcohol use has decreased among Finnish adolescents, we aim to assess: (i) time trends in alcohol use, heavy episodic drinking (HED) and potential explanatory variables among adolescents; (ii) the relationship between trends of explanatory variables and trends in alcohol use and HED; and (iii) which of the explanatory variables can account for the temporal change in alcohol use and HED. DESIGN AND METHODS: The analyses are based on European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs data collected from 15- to 16-year-old Finnish adolescents in 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2015...
March 23, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570478/serum-exoglycosidases-in-children-and-adolescents-with-harmful-alcohol-use
#14
Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Witold Olański, Sylwia Chojnowska, Urszula Kołakowska, Katarzyna Plewa, Włodzimierz Mielech, Anna Bagniuk-Plewa, Anna Wasilewska, Agata Szulc, Sławomir Dariusz Szajda, Krzysztof Zwierz
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of accurate alcohol-use biomarkers in children/adolescents due to a short drinking duration/rapid normalization of elevated markers. We checked if lysosomal exoglycosidases, elevated earlier in binge-drinking young adults, can be applicable in children/adolescents as markers of harmful alcohol use. METHODS: The serum activities (pKat/mL) of α-fucosidase (FUC), β-galactosidase (GAL), β-glucuronidase (GLU), β-hexosaminidase (HEX; its HEX A and HEX B isoenzymes), and α-mannosidase (MAN) were determined in 20 healthy controls (C) and 25 children/adolescents with harmful alcohol use (intoxicated by alcohol at hospital admission -AI1 and on the next day -AI2)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565820/the-influence-of-place-of-residence-gender-and-age-influence-on-food-group-choices-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#15
María de Lourdes Samaniego-Vaesken, Teresa Partearroyo, Emma Ruiz, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Socioeconomic factors (SEF) can exert a great impact on food choices. However, limited data are available from the Spanish population. Our aim was to describe the influence of place of residence and habitat size on food group intakes. Data were obtained from the ANIBES study. A 3-day dietary record provided information on food and beverage consumption. Data analysis compared gender, age, Nielsen geographic areas, and habitat population size (urban, semi-urban, and rural). Place of residence did not appear to be a determinant for specific food group consumption during childhood and adolescence, as only higher intakes of non-alcoholic beverages were observed among children aged 9 to 12 years living in the East, when compared to those from the Northwest of Spain ( p < 0...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544992/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-evidence-of-efficacy-and-mechanism-of-action
#16
REVIEW
Eleonora Scorletti, Christopher D Byrne
For many years it has been known that high doses of long chain omega-3 fatty acids are beneficial in the treatment of hypertriglyceridaemia. Over the last three decades, there has also been a wealth of in vitro and in vivo data that has accumulated to suggest that long chain omega-3 fatty acid treatment might be beneficial to decrease liver triacylglycerol. Several biological mechanisms have been identified that support this hypothesis; notably, it has been shown that long chain omega-3 fatty acids have a beneficial effect: a) on bioactive metabolites involved in inflammatory pathways, and b) on alteration of nuclear transcription factor activities such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) and carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP), involved in inflammatory pathways and liver lipid metabolism...
March 22, 2018: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533049/risk-factors-for-bruxism
#17
REVIEW
Monika Kuhn, Jens Christoph Türp
The aim of the present study was to summarize the risk factors for bruxism that were identified by a systematic search of the literature published between 2007 and 2016. Depending on the size of the odds ratios (ORs) and the lower limit of the 95% confidence intervals indicated by the reports, four risk categories were differentiated. Among others, emotional stress, consumption of tobacco, alcohol, or coffee, sleep apnea syndrome, and anxiety disorders were recognized as important factors among adults. In children and adolescents, apart from distress, behavioral abnormalities and sleep disturbances predominated...
February 12, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526773/altered-brain-functional-connectivity-and-behaviour-in-a-mouse-model-of-maternal-alcohol-binge-drinking
#18
Lídia Cantacorps, Héctor González-Pardo, Jorge L Arias, Olga Valverde, Nélida M Conejo
Prenatal and perinatal alcohol exposure caused by maternal alcohol intake during gestation and lactation periods can have long-lasting detrimental effects on the brain development and behaviour of offspring. Children diagnosed with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) display a wide range of cognitive, emotional and motor deficits, together with characteristic morphological abnormalities. Maternal alcohol binge drinking is particularly harmful for foetal and early postnatal brain development, as it involves exposure to high levels of alcohol over short periods of time...
June 8, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525211/children-s-early-disruptive-behavior-predicts-later-coercive-behavior-and-binge-drinking-by-mothers
#19
Linda S Pagani, Caroline Fitzpatrick
PURPOSE: We examined the prospective influence of early child problematic behavior on later coercive interactions and binge drinking by mothers. DESIGN AND METHODS: Canadian participants are from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, born between spring 1997 and 1998, which allowed a longitudinal birth cohort design. At the 41months, 628 parents reported on children's oppositional, aggressive, turbulent, and inattentive/hyperactive behavior. Mothers then reported on their own coercive and binge drinking behavior at the 60month follow-up...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524873/child-injury-deaths-linked-with-adult-alcohol-consumption-a-time-series-analysis
#20
Anne-Marie Laslett, Heng Jiang, Tanya Chikritzhs
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to quantify the population-level associations between child injury deaths and adult (aged 15+ years) per capita alcohol consumption (PCC) and between child injury deaths and the impact of major alcohol and safety policy changes in Australia. METHODS: All child deaths due to external causes during 1910-2013, and child deaths due specifically to road crashes, assaults, suicide and other external causes, were obtained from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare...
April 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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