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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429909/association-between-maternal-vitamin-d-status-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-cognitive-function-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#1
Sargoor R Veena, Ghattu V Krishnaveni, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Kotrangada P Thajna, Bhavya G Hegde, Catharine R Gale, Caroline Hd Fall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Animal studies have demonstrated poor cognitive outcomes in offspring in relation to maternal vitamin D deficiency before and/or during pregnancy. Human studies linking maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy with offspring cognitive function are limited. We aimed to test the hypothesis that lower maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy is associated with poor offspring cognitive ability in an Indian population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Cognitive function was assessed in children from the Mysore Parthenon birth cohort during childhood (age 9-10 years; n=468) and adolescence (age 13-14 years; n=472) using 3 core tests from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for children and additional tests measuring learning, long-term retrieval/ storage, short-term memory, reasoning, verbal fluency, visuo-spatial ability, and attention and concentration...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403368/women-s-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-and-urinary-and-anal-incontinence-after-childbirth-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Priscila Tavares Zizzi, Karina Fernandes Trevisan, Nathalie Leister, Camila da Silva Cruz, Maria Luiza Gonzalez Riesco
OBJECTIVE: To analyse pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) and urinary and anal incontinence (UI and AI) in the postpartum period. METHOD: Cross-sectional study carried out with women in their first seven months after child birth. Data were collected through interviews, perineometry (Peritron™), and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF). RESULTS: 128 women participated in the study. The PFMS mean was 33...
April 10, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390853/familial-hypercholesterolemia-in-childhood-and-adolescents-a-hidden-reality
#3
Núria Plana, Cèlia Rodríguez-Borjabad, Daiana Ibarretxe, Lluís Masana
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most common genetic disorder in childhood, but in most cases is not detected. High levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol are present since the child's birth and this fact will suppose silent development of early atherosclerosis. In cases of homozygous FH, the coronary disease will appear before 20s and in cases of heterozygous FH will occur in middle age. Despite published data, there is not agreement about how and when perform the screening. Familial history of early cardiovascular disease plus presence of hypercholesterolemia in parents is crucial for detection and diagnosis...
April 5, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384281/month-of-birth-and-level-of-insolation-as-risk-factors-for-multiple-sclerosis-in-poland
#4
Paweł Dobrakowski, Michał Bogocz, Kamil Cholewa, Mateusz Rajchel, Katarzyna Kapica-Topczewska, Sławomir Wawrzyniak, Halina Bartosik-Psujek, Alina Kułakowska, Dorota Koziarska, Monika Adamczyk-Sowa
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have shown that people born in the spring are at a higher risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). This may be associated with lower levels of sun exposure, and consequently, lower levels of vitamin D3 during pregnancy. However, these relationships have not been verified thus far in any countries in Central Europe. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the frequency distribution of births for each calendar month in patients suffering from MS in Poland...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369793/patterns-of-early-life-social-and-environmental-exposures-and-child-cognitive-development-rhea-birth-cohort-crete-greece
#5
Mariza Kampouri, Andriani Kyriklaki, Theano Roumeliotaki, Katerina Koutra, Despoina Anousaki, Katerina Sarri, Maria Vassilaki, Manolis Kogevinas, Leda Chatzi
Early-life exposures are critical for later child cognitive development. McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities (MSCA) were used to assess cognitive development of 700 preschoolers (Mage  = 4.2 years), derived from the "Rhea" birth cohort, in Greece. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied on prospectively collected exposure data. Six components were extracted; five of them were associated with child cognition. Higher parental social status, preschool attendance and less TV watching, nonsmoking during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and parental involvement in child life were protective factors of child cognition at 4 years...
March 28, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364843/children-with-disabilities-and-trajectories-of-parents-unsecured-debt-across-the-life-course
#6
Jason N Houle, Lawrence Berger
Prior research shows that having a child with a disability is economically burdensome for parents but we know little about whether this burden extends to unsecured debt. In this study, we examine the link between having a child with a disability that manifests between birth and age 4 and subsequent trajectories in unsecured household debt. We have three key findings. First, we find that having a child with an early-life disabling health condition is associated with a substantial increase in indebtedness in the years immediately following the child's birth, and that this association persists net of a range of potential confounders...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337738/does-birth-under-registration-reduce-childhood-immunization-evidence-from-the-dominican-republic
#7
Steve Brito, Ana Corbacho, Rene Osorio
The consequences of lacking birth certificates remain largely unexplored in the economic literature. We intend to fill this knowledge gap studying the effect of lacking birth certificates on immunization of children in the Dominican Republic. This is an interesting country because a significant number of children of Haitian descent face the consequences of lacking proper documentation. We use the distance to the civil registry office and the mother's document of identification as instrumental variables of the child's birth certificate...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290505/a-retrospective-cohort-study-to-quantify-the-contribution-of-health-systems-to-child-survival-in-kenya-1996-2014
#8
Rebecca Anthopolos, Ryan Simmons, Wendy Prudhomme O'Meara
Globally, the majority of childhood deaths in the post-neonatal period are caused by infections that can be effectively treated or prevented with inexpensive interventions delivered through even very basic health facilities. To understand the role of inadequate health systems on childhood mortality in Kenya, we assemble a large, retrospective cohort of children (born 1996-2013) and describe the health systems context of each child using health facility survey data representative of the province at the time of a child's birth...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259093/exposure-to-phytoestrogens-in-utero-and-age-at-menarche-in-a-contemporary-british-cohort
#9
Kristin J Marks, Terryl J Hartman, Ethel V Taylor, Michael E Rybak, Kate Northstone, Michele Marcus
Phytoestrogens are estrogenic compounds that occur naturally in plants. Phytoestrogens can cross the placenta, and animal studies have found associations between in utero exposure to phytoestrogens and markers of early puberty. We investigated the association between in utero exposure to phytoestrogens and early menarche (defined as <11.5 years of age at onset) using data from a nested case-control study within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a longitudinal study involving families living in the South West of England...
May 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252307/-are-risk-factors-in-prenatal-and-perinatal-period-important-for-develompent-of-schizophrenia
#10
P Ambroz, J Janoutová, O Machaczka, M Kovaľová, A Pohlídalová, K Vařechová, O Košta, H Tomášková, O Šerý, L Hosák, V Janout
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia is an important psychical disease of multifactorial origin and not yet clear etiology. In prenatal and perinatal period some potential risk factors for schizophrenia are taken into consideration. DESIGN: Case-control study of 815 subjects, 407 cases and 408 controls was performed in 2013 to 2015. METHODS: In this study environmental and genetic risk factors were evaluated including potential risk factors of prenatal and perinatal period...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251181/maternal-immunoreactivity-to-herpes-simplex-virus-2-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-male-offspring
#11
Milada Mahic, Siri Mjaaland, Hege Marie Bøvelstad, Nina Gunnes, Ezra Susser, Michaeline Bresnahan, Anne-Siri Øyen, Bruce Levin, Xiaoyu Che, Deborah Hirtz, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Synnve Schjølberg, Christine Roth, Per Magnus, Camilla Stoltenberg, Pål Surén, Mady Hornig, W Ian Lipkin
Maternal infections during pregnancy are associated with risk of neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Proposed pathogenetic mechanisms include fetal infection, placental inflammation, and maternal cytokines or antibodies that cross the placenta. The Autism Birth Cohort comprises mothers, fathers, and offspring recruited in Norway in 1999 to 2008. Through questionnaire screening, referrals, and linkages to a national patient registry, 442 mothers of children with ASD were identified, and 464 frequency-matched controls were selected...
January 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245820/unconventional-combinations-of-prospective-parents-ethical-challenges-faced-by-ivf-providers
#12
Robert Klitzman
BACKGROUND: Professional guidelines have addressed ethical dilemmas posed by a few types of nontraditional procreative arrangements (e.g., gamete donations between family members), but many questions arise regarding how providers view and make decisions about these and other such arrangements. METHODS: Thirty-seven ART providers and 10 patients were interviewed in-depth for approximately 1 h each. Interviews were systematically analyzed. RESULTS: Providers faced a range of challenges and ethical dilemmas concerning both the content and the process of decisions about requests for unconventional interfamilial and other reproductive combinations...
February 28, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240649/can-we-identify-parents-who-do-not-verbally-share-concerns-for-their-children-s-development
#13
Matthew Eremita, Eileen Semancik, Trudy Lerer, Paul H Dworkin
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify characteristics of parents who do not voice developmental concerns when prompted by their children's nurse and/or primary care provider (PCP), despite reporting concerns on parent-completed questionnaires. METHODS: We reviewed 376 medical records of children seen for a 9-month well-child visit in an urban pediatric clinic between September 2011 and December 2012 for sociodemographic variables hypothesized to affect parents' sharing of developmental concerns: the child's birth order and gender; parents' education level, employment, relationship status, and primary language; and family size and racial/ethnic background...
April 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199415/temperament-in-infancy-and-behavioral-and-emotional-problems-at-age-5-5-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#14
Xian Abulizi, Laura Pryor, Grégory Michel, Maria Melchior, Judith van der Waerden
OBJECTIVE: Early temperamental characteristics may influence children's developmental pathways and predict future psychopathology. However, the environmental context may also shape or interact with infant temperament and indirectly contribute to increased vulnerability to adverse developmental outcomes. The aim of the present study is to explore the long-term contribution of temperamental traits at twelve months of age to the presence of emotional and behavioral problems later in childhood, and whether this association varies with the child's sex, parental separation, family socioeconomic status and maternal depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195851/maternal-infections-that-would-warrant-antibiotic-use-antepartum-or-peripartum-are-not-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-ibd-a-population-based-analysis
#15
Charles N Bernstein, Charles Burchill, Laura E Targownik, Harminder Singh, Jean Eric Ghia, Leslie L Roos
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine whether maternal antenatal or perinatal infections (and thereby use of antibiotics) increase the risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in their offspring. METHODS: The University of Manitoba IBD Epidemiology Database contains records of all Manitobans diagnosed with IBD from 1984 to 2010. Each individual with IBD is matched to 10 controls. Subjects' medical system contacts are identified using a unique deidentified personal health identification number...
April 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167642/what-can-large-population-based-birth-cohort-study-ask-about-past-present-and-future-of-children-with-disorders-of-development-learning-and-behaviour
#16
Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Scott M Myers, Robert G Voigt, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Ruth E Stoeckel, Amy L Weaver
A large cohort consisting of all children born to mothers from community provides 'natural' selection into different exposures and is a powerful resource for epidemiological research. A large population-based birth cohort with detailed systematic information already recorded, as part of longitudinal medical care, historical and current school data, detailed birth certificate data and all three resources available for every member of the birth cohort, are extremely rare. Our population-based birth cohort consists of all children born between 1976 and 2000 to mothers residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, at the time of child's birth (N=39 890)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159131/do-we-provide-affordable-accessible-and-administrable-health-care-an-assessment-of-ses-differential-in-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-delivery-care-in-india
#17
Jalandhar Pradhan, Rinshu Dwivedi
BACKGROUND: Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) financing is a key area of focus which can lead towards an overall empowerment of women through financial inclusion. The major objectives of this paper are: first; to examine the socio-economic differentials in Out of Pocket Expenditure (OOPE) on delivery care, second; to look into the role of insurance coverage, third; to analyse various sources of financing, and fourth; to measure the adjusted effect of various covariates on the level of OOPE...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153468/anti-malarial-synergy-of-secondary-metabolites-from-morinda-lucida-benth
#18
Bertha Chithambo, Xavier Siwe Noundou, Rui W M Krause
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The roots, stem and leaves of Morinda lucida are used in some African countries as treatment against different types of fevers including yellow fever, malaria, trypanosomiasis and feverish conditions during child birth. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the in vitro cell toxicity and anti-malarial activity of the extracts of stem bark of M. lucida and to identify the secondary metabolites in the extract that may be responsible for this activity...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122930/changes-in-underlying-determinants-explain-rapid-increases-in-child-linear-growth-in-alive-thrive-study-areas-between-2010-and-2014-in-bangladesh-and-vietnam
#19
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Derek Headey, Edward A Frongillo, Lan Mai Tran, Rahul Rawat, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Background: Child linear growth sometimes improves in both intervention and comparison groups in evaluations of nutrition interventions, possibly because of spillover intervention effects to nonintervention areas or improvements in underlying determinants of nutritional change in both areas.Objective: We aimed to understand what changes in underlying socioeconomic characteristics and behavioral factors are important in explaining improvements in child linear growth.Methods: Baseline (2010) and endline (2014) surveys from the Alive & Thrive impact evaluation were used to identify the underlying determinants of height-for-age z scores (HAZs) among children aged 24-48 mo in Bangladesh (n = 4311) and 24-59 mo in Vietnam (n = 4002)...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101116/journey-to-motherhood-in-the-first-year-after-child-birth
#20
Nahid Javadifar, Fereshteh Majlesi, Alireza Nikbakht, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri
Objective: Child bearing is a period of psychological challenges that must be viewed in a social context. This study reports the maternal transition from the perspective of Iranian first-time mothers in the first year after childbirth. Materials and methods: Qualitative method was chosen for explanation of mothers' individual experiences of motherhood.26 first-time mothers (aged 18-35 years old with various socio-economic status) who had delivered between 0-1 year prior to the interviews participated in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
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