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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933489/patients-understanding-and-use-of-analgesia-for-postnatal-pain-following-hospital-discharge
#1
Antonia M W Wong, Syed Tabish R Zaidi
Background Postnatal pain is one of the limiting factors in the recovery of women from child birth. Despite the routine prescribing of analgesics for postnatal pain, limited research is available on the use of analgesics by the women in postnatal period. Objective To measure the utilisation and effectiveness of prescribed oral analgesics, the incidence and severity of pain, and factors associated with poor pain control on the fifth-day post-hospital discharge in postnatal women. Setting A tertiary referral women's hospital of Western Australia...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924106/inpatient-care-of-small-and-sick-newborns-in-healthcare-facilities
#2
REVIEW
S B Neogi, R Khanna, M Chauhan, J Sharma, G Gupta, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
Neonatal units in teaching and non-teaching hospitals both in public and private hospitals have been increasing in number in the country since the sixties. In 1994, a District Newborn Care Programme was introduced as a part of the Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme (CSSM) in 26 districts. Inpatient care of small and sick newborns in the public health system got a boost under National Rural Health Mission with the launch of the national programme on facility-based newborn care (FBNC). This has led to a nationwide creation of Newborn Care Corners (NBCC) at every point of child birth, newborn stabilization units (NBSUs) at First Referral Units (FRUs) and special newborn care units (SNCUs) at district hospitals...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887649/postpartum-depression-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory-a-longitudinal-study-in-bethlehem
#3
Sara Qandil, Samah Jabr, Stefan Wagler, Simon M Collin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women from different cultures around the world. No previous studies have investigated PPD among women in Palestine. Fertility rates in Palestine are among the highest in the world, hence even low rates of PPD could have considerable national impact. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, PPD among Palestinian mothers. METHODS: 101 mothers were recruited during the registration of their child's birth (within 1 week) at the Bethlehem branch of the Ministry of Interior...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881859/friends-and-social-contexts-as-unshared-environments-a-discordant-sibling-analysis-of-obesity-and-health-related-behaviors-in-young-adolescents
#4
S- Salvy, D M Feda, L H Epstein, J N Roemmich
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the contribution of best friends' weight and the peer social context (time spent alone versus with friends) as sources of unshared environment associated with variability in weight and health behaviors among weight-discordant siblings. METHODS: Pairs of same-sex biologic siblings (N=40 pairs; ages 13-17) were originally recruited as part of a study evaluating putative factors contributing to differences in adiposity among weight-discordant siblings...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871325/impact-of-placental-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-infection-on-the-cameroonian-maternal-and-neonate-s-plasma-levels-of-some-cytokines-known-to-regulate-t-cells-differentiation-and-function
#5
Jean Claude Djontu, Stalone Siewe Siewe, Yolande Delphine Mpeke Edene, Benderli Christine Nana, Edwige Vanessa Chomga Foko, Jude Daiga Bigoga, Rose F G Leke, Rosette Megnekou
BACKGROUND: The impact of placental malaria (PM) infection on the expression profile of some cytokines known to regulate T cell differentiation and function and their influence on birth weight remain unclear. Moreover, there are no reports showing the relationship between PM and IL-27 or IL-28A. This study therefore sought to investigate whether placental P. falciparum infection alters the expression profile of the cytokines IL-28A, IL-27, IL-17E and IL-6 in mothers and their new born...
November 21, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869653/semiparametric-multinomial-ordinal-model-to-analyze-spatial-patterns-of-child-birth-weight-in-nigeria
#6
Rasheed A Adeyemi, Temesgen Zewotir, Shaun Ramroop
Background: Birth weight is an important health parameter for obstetricians and gynaecologists. It is a good health indicator of a child-bearing mother and a strong predictor of infant morbidity and mortality. Methods: This paper utilizes data on 28,647 children born between 2003-2008 obtained from the 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). For a simple epidemiological convenience, the occurrence of a newborn weight can intuitively be considered to be categorical in nature and the thresholds can be put on a continuous scale...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869246/multiple-assessment-methods-of-prenatal-exposure-to-radio-frequency-radiation-from-telecommunication-in-the-mothers-and-children-s-environmental-health-moceh-study
#7
Kyung-Hwa Choi, Mina Ha, Eunae Burm, Eun-Hee Ha, Hyesook Park, Yangho Kim, Ae-Kyoung Lee, Jong Hwa Kwon, Hyung-Do Choi, Nam Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prenatal exposure to radiofrequency radiation (RFR) from telecommunication using a mobile phone questionnaire, operator data logs of mobile phone use and a personal exposure meter (PEM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 1228 mother-infants pairs from the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study - a multicenter prospective cohort study ongoing since 2006, in which participants were enrolled at ≤ 20 weeks of pregnancy, with a follow-up of a child birth and growth to assess the association between prenatal environmental exposure and children's health...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861463/promoting-healthy-eating-and-active-playtime-by-connecting-to-nature-families-with-preschool-children-evaluation-of-pilot-study-play-grow
#8
Tanja Sobko, Zhenzhen Jia, Matthew Kaplan, Alfred Lee, Chia-Huei Tseng
BackgroundThis pilot project aimed to evaluate the "Play&Grow" program which promotes age-appropriate dietary habits and playtime healthy routines through "connectedness to nature" experiences in Hong Kong families with young children.Method38 pre-schoolers (aged 33.97 ± 9.38 months), mothers and their domestic workers were recruited. The families attended one workshop/week for a 4-month period, consisting of: 1) health topic; 2) food games; 3) nature-related outdoor activities.ResultsFeeding practices, particularly Promoting and Encouragement to eat (PE) and Instrumental Feeding (IF) improved after the intervention (p =...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859634/higher-alcohol-consumption-in-early-pregnancy-or-low-to-moderate-drinking-during-pregnancy-may-affect-children-s-behaviour-and-development-at-1-5-years
#9
Viveka Sundelin-Wahlsten, Gunilla Hallberg, Anders Helander
AIM: It is unclear if low-to-moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy affects child development. This study examined the effects that a mother's self-reported alcohol consumption had on her pregnancy and her child's birth, behaviour and development. METHODS: We asked 291 Swedish women to report their alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), provide data on their pregnancy, labour and neonatal period, and complete a child behaviour and development questionnaire when their child was 1...
November 15, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855096/infant-s-sex-birth-control-policy-and-postpartum-well-being-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-shanghai-china
#10
Jing Hua, Liping Zhu, Wenchong Du, Li Du, Ting Luo, Zhuochun Wu
OBJECTIVES: The majority of Chinese families were under either one-child or two-child birth control policy status from 2001 to 2015. We explore the association between an infant's sex and the mother's postpartum well-being, which may be moderated by birth control policy status in China. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in Shanghai City, one of the largest cities in China. A total number of 1730 childbearing women from eight obstetric hospitals across Shanghai were included in the study at baseline, with 1503 women completing the survey 7 days postpartum in 2013...
October 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853703/deciphering-pro-lymphangiogenic-programs-during-mammary-involution-and-postpartum-breast-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Virginia F Borges, Alan M Elder, Traci R Lyons
Postpartum breast cancers are a highly metastatic subset of young women's breast cancers defined as breast cancers diagnosed in the postpartum period or within 5 years of last child birth. Women diagnosed with postpartum breast cancer are nearly twice as likely to develop metastasis and to die from breast cancer when compared with nulliparous women. Additionally, epidemiological studies utilizing multiple cohorts also suggest that nearly half of all breast cancers in women aged <45 qualify as postpartum cases...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808397/energy-related-influences-on-variation-in-breastfeeding-duration-among-indigenous-maya-women-from-guatemala
#12
Luseadra J McKerracher, Mark Collard, Rachel M Altman, Daniel Sellen, Pablo A Nepomnaschy
OBJECTIVES: The causes of variation in breastfeeding duration in humans are poorly understood, but life history factors related to maternal energetics drive much of the variation in lactation duration in nonhuman animals. With this in mind, we investigated whether four energy-related factors influence variation in breastfeeding duration in a non-industrial human population: (1) mortality risk during mother's development (assessed via mother's adult height), (2) reliance on nutrient-dense weaning foods, (3) access to and need for help with infant feeding and care ("allomaternal care"), and (4) maternal tradeoffs between current and future reproduction (measured via child's birth order)...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790466/maternal-health-situation-in-bihar-and-madhya-pradesh-a-comparative-analysis-of-state-fact-sheets-of-national-family-health-survey-nfhs-3-and-4
#13
REVIEW
Ranjit Kumar Dehury, Janmejaya Samal
INTRODUCTION: Maternal health constitutes the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Bihar and Madhya Pradesh (MP) constitute the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and are consistently having poor maternal health indicators. AIM: The main objective of this study was to assess the maternal health situation of Bihar and MP based on National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) and 4 fact sheets...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769230/bypassing-birthing-centres-for-child-birth-a-community-based-study-in-rural-chitwan-nepal
#14
Rajani Shah
BACKGROUND: Child delivery in a health facility is important to reduce maternal mortality. Bypassing nearby birthing facility to deliver at a hospital is common in developing countries including Nepal. Very little is known about the extent and determinants of bypassing the birthing centres in Nepal. This study measures the status of bypassing, characteristics of bypassers and their reasons for bypassing. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in six rural village development committees of Chitwan district of Nepal...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735835/increased-calcium-supplementation-postpartum-is-associated-with-breastfeeding-among-chinese-mothers-finding-from-two-prospective-cohort-studies
#15
Jian Zhao, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee
The calcium supplementation status during the postpartum period among Chinese lactating women is still unclear. The objective of this study is to utilize data from two population-based prospective cohort studies to examine the calcium supplementation status and to identify whether breastfeeding is associated with increased calcium supplementation among Chinese mothers after child birth. Information from 1540 mothers on breastfeeding and calcium supplementation measured at discharge, 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum were extracted to evaluate the association between breastfeeding and calcium supplementation postpartum...
October 9, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723071/paternal-engagement-during-childbirth-depending-on-the-manner-of-their-preparation
#16
Urszula Sioma-Markowska, Ryszard Poręba, Mariola Machura, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the forms of paternal activity depending on the manner of their preparation, including stages of labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective survey-based study involved 250 fathers who participated in their child's birth. The fathers included in the study were present during all stages of family-assisted natural labor. The study was conducted one day after childbirth with the use of a survey prepared by the authors. Statistical calculations were conducted using the Statistica PL software...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717397/prediction-of-gestational-age-based-on-genome-wide-differentially-methylated-regions
#17
J Bohlin, S E Håberg, P Magnus, S E Reese, H K Gjessing, M C Magnus, C L Parr, C M Page, S J London, W Nystad
BACKGROUND: We explored the association between gestational age and cord blood DNA methylation at birth and whether DNA methylation could be effective in predicting gestational age due to limitations with the presently used methods. We used data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Birth Cohort study (MoBa) with Illumina HumanMethylation450 data measured for 1753 newborns in two batches: MoBa 1, n = 1068; and MoBa 2, n = 685. Gestational age was computed using both ultrasound and the last menstrual period...
October 7, 2016: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703553/influence-of-parental-and-some-demographic-characteristics-on-overweight-obesity-status-among-a-sample-of-egyptian-children
#18
Nayera E Hassan, Sahar A El-Masry, Tarek Farid, Aya Khalil
BACKGROUND: Overweight/obesity is a multi-factorial problem, which results from rapidly changing social, economic, and physical environments that have led to an energy imbalance. AIM: To identify the association between childhood overweight/obesity and some socio-demographic risk factors, as parental age, body mass index (BMI), education and occupation, family size and residence (urban/rural). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study included 154 children of both sexes; aged 5-18 years; with their parents; one of them was working at the National Research Centre and from their relatives and neighbours...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699689/the-distinctive-characteristics-of-the-hourly-distribution-of-live-births-on-specific-days-in-japan
#19
Mihoko Takahashi
OBJECTIVES: Anomalous variations in live births on February 29/March 1, April 1/April 2 and the days before the New Year holidays/New Year holidays have been reported in Japan. The distribution of live births was investigated on those days and whether or not such dates were selected due to obstetric intervention is discussed. METHODS: Using a method similar to the [Formula: see text]-R control chart, anomalous variations in the hourly number of live births were detected...
November 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699165/birth-spacing-of-pregnant-women-in-nepal-a-community-based-study
#20
Rajendra Karkee, Andy H Lee
BACKGROUND: Optimal birth spacing has health advantages for both mother and child. In developing countries, shorter birth intervals are common and associated with social, cultural, and economic factors, as well as a lack of family planning. This study investigated the first birth interval after marriage and preceding interbirth interval in Nepal. METHODS: A community-based prospective cohort study was conducted in the Kaski district of Nepal. Information on birth spacing, demographic, and obstetric characteristics was obtained from 701 pregnant women using a structured questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
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