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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715709/parental-age-and-childhood-cancer-risk-a-danish-population-based-registry-study
#1
Zuelma A Contreras, Johnni Hansen, Beate Ritz, Jorn Olsen, Fei Yu, Julia E Heck
BACKGROUND: Though the association between parental age at child's birth and the risk of childhood cancer has been previously investigated, the evidence to date is inconclusive and scarce for rarer cancer types. METHODS: Cancer cases (N=5,856) were selected from all children born from 1968 to 2014 and diagnosed from 1968 to 2015 in Denmark at less than 16 years of age listed in the nationwide Danish Cancer Registry. Cases were individually matched to controls (1:100) on sex and year of birth with a total of 585,594 controls randomly sampled from all live births in Denmark from the Danish Central Population Registry...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714604/antidepressants-antipsychotics-and-mood-stabilizers-in-pregnancy-what-do-we-know-and-how-should-we-treat-pregnant-women-with-depression
#2
REVIEW
Asher Ornoy, Liza Weinstein-Fudim, Zivanit Ergaz
Depression is generally treated with antidepressants, but may often need antipsychotics and mood stabilizers. We discuss the updated data regarding the safety in pregnancy of antidepressants and antipsychotics, except selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and their possible impact on the long-term development of the offspring. Several earlier studies demonstrated a slight increase in the rate of major anomalies following maternal tricyclic antidepressant treatment, but most current literature shows their relative safety in pregnancy...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710784/pregnancy-after-laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-implications-and-outcomes
#3
A M Hogan, P Tejedor, I Lindsey, O Jones, R Hompes, K J Gorissen, C Cunningham
AIM: Surgical management of rectal prolapse varies considerably. Most surgeons are reluctant to use ventral mesh rectopexy in young women until they have completed their family. The aim of the present study was to review outcomes of pregnancy following laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) from a tertiary referral centre over a 10 year period (2006-2016) and to review the impact on pelvic floor symptoms. METHOD: We undertook a retrospective review of a prospectively compiled database of patients who had undergone laparoscopic ventral rectopexy in a single centre over a 10 years period...
July 15, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705350/trajectories-of-relationship-supportiveness-after-childbirth-does-marriage-matter
#4
Marcia J Carlson, Alicia G VanOrman
Relationship quality for married couples typically declines after the birth of a (first) child, as parenthood brings new identities, stresses, and responsibilities for mothers and fathers. Yet, it is less clear whether nonmarital relationship quality follows a similar trajectory, particularly given the greater selectivity of nonmarital relationships that persist over time. This paper uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,459) with latent growth curve models to examine relationship quality (measured by mothers' perceived supportiveness about fathers) for married and unmarried couples over nine years after a child's birth...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696824/age-appropriate-versus-up-to-date-coverage-of-routine-childhood-vaccinations-among-young-children-in-israel
#5
Chen Stein-Zamir, Avi Israeli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Routine childhood vaccinations schedules recommend that children receive the vaccine doses at specific ages. Vaccination coverage data are conventionally reported by the up-to-date method. We aimed to assess vaccination timeliness by the age-appropriate method and compare to the up-to-date vaccination coverage. METHODS: Assessment of age-appropriate and up-to-date vaccination coverage among children born in Israel in 2009 and followed to age 48 months (national representative sample, n = 3892)...
July 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691418/associations-between-the-number-of-natural-teeth-and-the-maternal-age-at-childbirth-or-history-of-parity-in-postmenopausal-women-the-2010-2012-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
Kyungdo Han, Insoo Kim, Yong-Gyu Park, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND: The relationship between reproductive factors, including pregnancy and delivery in postmenopausal women, and the number of teeth remains to be revealed. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the relationship between childbearing age (age at first and last delivery), parity and the number of natural teeth in postmenopausal women using nationally representative data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2010 and 2012 were used, and the analysis in this study was confined to a total of 4,060 respondents over 19 years old who had gone through menopause and had no missing values for the reproductive factors and outcome variables...
June 27, 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683833/effectiveness-of-skin-to-skin-contact-versus-care-as-usual-in-mothers-and-their-full-term-infants-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Kelly H M Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C Rovers, Carolina de Weerth
BACKGROUND: Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant has been shown to decrease maternal postpartum depressive symptoms. In full-term infants, only two studies investigated SSC effects on maternal depressive symptoms and found similar results. Research in preterm infants also showed that SSC improves other mental and physical health outcomes of the mother and the infant, and improves the quality of mother-infant relationship...
July 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677114/child-care-quality-moderates-the-association-between-maternal-depression-and-children-s-behavioural-outcome
#8
Justine Charrois, Sylvana M Côté, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Stéphane Paquin, Richard E Tremblay, Catherine M Herba
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in the child, including emotional and behavioural difficulties. There is evidence that child care attendance during the preschool years may moderate associations between familial risk factors and child outcome. However, the possibility that high-quality child care provides protection for children exposed to maternal depression or that low-quality child care provides additional risk has not been investigated. We study whether child-care quality moderates the association between probable history of maternal depression (PMD) and child behavioural and emotional outcomes over the preschool period...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670590/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-decision-making-on-the-type-of-delivery-questionnaire-in-iranian-women
#9
Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Maryam Zakerihamidi, Effat Merghati Khoei, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
BACKGROUND: A tool which can help to decide on the determinants in selecting the delivery type is an effective step towards the goals of the World Health. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a scale based on Iranian culture to make decision on the type of delivery. METHODS: This is a methodological study using a questionnaire proposed by Schneider. The following steps were used to design the project. In the first step, perceptions and experiences of 45 pregnant women, postpartum women, midwives, gynecologists and non-pregnant women were determined based on interviews and observations using focused ethnography...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662695/determinants-of-contraceptive-use-among-postpartum-women-in-a-county-hospital-in-rural-kenya
#10
Rose Jalang'o, Faith Thuita, Sammy O Barasa, Peter Njoroge
BACKGROUND: There is a high unmet need for limiting and spacing child births during the postpartum period. Given the consequences of closely spaced births, and the benefits of longer pregnancy intervals, targeted activities are needed to reach this population of postpartum women. Our objective was to establish the determinants of contraceptive uptake among postpartum women in a county referral hospital in rural Kenya. METHODS: Sample was taken based on a mixed method approach that included both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection...
June 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661061/maternal-help-seeking-for-child-developmental-concerns-associations-with-socio-demographic-factors
#11
Valsamma Eapen, Amelia Walter, Jane Guan, Joseph Descallar, Emma Axelsson, Stewart Einfeld, John Eastwood, Elisabeth Murphy, Deborah Beasley, Natalie Silove, Cheryl Dissanayake, Sue Woolfenden, Katrina Williams, Bin Jalaludin, The 'Watch Me Grow' Study Group
AIM: To examine socio-demographic factors associated with maternal help-seeking for child developmental concerns in a longitudinal birth cohort study. An understanding of these factors is critical to improving uptake of services to maximise early identification and intervention for developmental concerns. METHODS: A birth cohort was recruited from the post-natal wards of two teaching hospitals and through community nurses in South Western Sydney, Australia, between November 2011 and April 2013...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629332/an-exploratory-study-of-men-s-companionship-perceptions-and-experiences-during-pregnancy-and-delivery-in-uganda
#12
H Lwanga, L Atuyambe, H Sempewo, A Lumala, R N B Byaruhanga
BACKGROUND: Globally, low involvement of men in maternal health care services remains a problem to health care providers and policy makers. Men's support is essential for making women's world better. There are increasing debates among policymakers and researchers on the role of men in maternal health programs, which is a challenge in patriarchal societies like Uganda. The aim of the study was to assess companionship during delivery; men's perception and experiences during pregnancy and delivery...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586623/longitudinal-trends-in-vaccine-hesitancy-in-a-cohort-of-mothers-surveyed-in-washington-state-2013-2015
#13
Nora B Henrikson, Melissa L Anderson, Douglas J Opel, John Dunn, Edgar K Marcuse, David C Grossman
Parents who refuse or delay vaccines because of vaccine hesitancy place children at increased risk for vaccine-preventable disease. How parental vaccine hesitancy changes as their children age is not known. In 2015, we conducted a follow-up survey of 237 mothers enrolled in a 2-arm clinic-level cluster randomized trial (n = 488) in Washington State that was completed in 2013. We surveyed mothers at their baby's birth, age 6 months, and age 24 months using a validated measure of vaccine hesitancy. Both mean hesitancy scores (mean 4...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573253/in-vivo-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatoprotective-and-in-vitro-cytotoxic-activities-of-garcinia-hombroniana-seashore-mangosteen
#14
Nargis Jamila, Naeem Khan, Amir Atlas Khan, Imran Khan, Sadiq Noor Khan, Zainal Amiruddin Zakaria, Melati Khairuddean, Hasnah Osman, Kyong Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Garcinia hombroniana, known as "manggis hutan" (jungle mangosteen) in Malaysia, is distributed in tropical Asia, Borneo, Thailand, Andaman, Nicobar Islands, Vietnam and India. In Malaysia, its ripened crimson sour fruit rind is used as a seasoning agent in curries and culinary dishes. Its roots and leaves decoction is used against skin infections and after child birth. This study aimed to evaluate in vivo hepatoprotective and in vitro cytotoxic activities of 20% methanolic ethyl acetate (MEA) G...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558733/towards-a-consensus-definition-of-maternal-sepsis-results-of-a-systematic-review-and-expert-consultation
#15
REVIEW
Mercedes Bonet, Vicky Nogueira Pileggi, Marcus J Rijken, Arri Coomarasamy, David Lissauer, João Paulo Souza, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a clear and actionable definition of maternal sepsis, in order to better assess the burden of this condition, trigger timely and effective treatment and allow comparisons across facilities and countries. The objective of this study was to review maternal sepsis definitions and identification criteria and to report on the results of an expert consultation to develop a new international definition of maternal sepsis. METHODS: All original and review articles and WHO documents, as well as clinical guidelines providing definitions and/or identification criteria of maternal sepsis were included...
May 30, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557044/timing-of-food-introduction-and-development-of-food-sensitization-in-a-prospective-birth-cohort
#16
Maxwell M Tran, Diana L Lefebvre, David Dai, Christoffer Dharma, Padmaja Subbarao, Wendy Lou, Meghan B Azad, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears
BACKGROUND: The effect of infant feeding practices on the development of food allergy remains controversial. We examined the relationship between timing and patterns of food introduction and sensitization to foods at age 1 year in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) birth cohort study. METHODS: Nutrition questionnaire data prospectively collected at age 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months were used to determine timing of introduction of cow's milk products, egg and peanut...
May 29, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545200/descriptive-epidemiology-of-female-breast-cancer-in-delhi-india
#17
Nalliah Manoharan, Omana Nair, N K Shukla, Goura Kishor Rath
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in females worldwide. The Population Based Cancer Registry data of Delhi were here used to describe the epidemiology and trends in breast cancer incidence in Delhi. Methods: Crude rate, age-standardized incidence rates (ASR) and age-specific incidence rates were calculated using the data collected by Delhi PBCR for the year 2012. The time trend of breast cancer incidence was evaluated by joinpoint regression using the PBCR data from 1988-2012...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542391/effectiveness-of-facility-based-personalized-maternal-nutrition-counseling-in-improving-child-growth-and-morbidity-up-to-18-months-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#18
Laetitia Nikièma, Lieven Huybregts, Yves Martin-Prevel, Philippe Donnen, Hermann Lanou, Joep Grosemans, Priscilla Offoh, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Blaise Sondo, Dominique Roberfroid, Patrick Kolsteren
The period from conception to 24 months of age is a crucial window for nutrition interventions. Personalized maternal counseling may improve childbirth outcomes, growth, and health. We assessed the effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling (from pregnancy to 18 months after birth) in improving child growth and health in rural Burkina Faso. We conducted a paired cluster randomized controlled trial in a rural district of Burkina Faso with 12 primary health centers (clusters). Healthcare providers in the intervention centers received patient-centered communication and nutrition counseling training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#19
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532490/prevalence-and-determinants-of-childhood-mortality-in-nigeria
#20
Sanni Yaya, Michael Ekholuenetale, Godson Tudeme, Shah Vaibhav, Ghose Bishwajit, Bernard Kadio
BACKGROUND: Childhood mortality has remained a major challenge to public health amongst families in Nigeria and other developing countries. The menace of incessant childhood mortality has been a major concern and this calls for studies to generate new scientific evidence to determine its prevalence and explore predisposing factors associated with it in Nigeria. METHOD: Data was obtained from Nigeria DHS, 2013. The study outcome variable was the total number of children lost by male partners and female partners respectively who were married...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
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