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Ben Lopman, Rebecca Dahl, Minesh Shah, Umesh D Parashar
Rotavirus vaccines were introduced in the United States in 2006 and in the subsequent years have fundamentally altered seasonality and shifted disease from annual to biennial epidemics. We investigated whether season and year of birth have emerged as risk factors for rotavirus and affected vaccine performance. We constructed a retrospective birth cohort of US children <5 years using the 2001-2014 MarketScan Database. We evaluated the assocations of season of birth, even/odd year of birth and interactions with vaccination...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Katherine L Rosenblum, Marjorie Beeghly, David Oppenheim, Nina Koren-Karie, Maria Muzik
The current study evaluated whether maternal insightfulness can buffer the negative influence of postpartum stressful life events on maternal parenting behaviors. Participants were 125 mother-infant dyads (55% boys) who present a subsample of a larger longitudinal study on maternal maltreatment during childhood and its impact on peripartum maternal adjustment. Women were primarily white and middle class. At 4 months postpartum, mothers reported on the stressful life events experienced after the child's birth and current depressive symptoms...
March 14, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Masashi Arakawa
OBJECTIVES: The present prebirth cohort study examined the association between maternal caffeine consumption during pregnancy and behavioral problems in Japanese children aged 5 years. METHODS: Subjects were 1199 mother-child pairs. Dietary intake was assessed using a diet history questionnaire. Emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity problems, and peer problems were assessed using the Japanese parent-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
March 13, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Itismita Mohanty, Tesfaye Alemayehu Gebremedhin
This paper examines the effect of maternal socio-economic status in the household, such as their autonomy, ability, freedom and bargaining power, on child birth registration in India using the nationally representative India Human Development Survey-II (IHDS-II), 2011-12. We have estimated a multilevel mixed effects model which accounts for the hierarchical structure of the data and allows us to examine the effects of unobserved 'district' and 'community' characteristics along with individual child level characteristics on probability of birth registration...
2018: PloS One
Emma Kristin Johansson, Anna Bergström, Inger Kull, Tomas Lind, Cilla Söderhäll, Erik Melén, Samina Asad, Maria Bradley, Agne Liedén, Natalia Ballardini, Carl-Fredrik Wahlgren
Information on factors of importance for remission of eczema is scarce. This study explored factors related to the remission and course of preschool eczema (eczema at 1, 2 and/or 4 years of age) to 16 years of age (n = 889) in a Swedish cohort. Half of the children were in complete remission by school age. In multivariate prognostic models, persistent preschool eczema (eczema at 1, 2 and 4 years of age) (odds ratio 0.27 (95% confidence interval 0.18-0.41)), preschool eczema with sleep disturbance (due to itch at least once a week at 1, 2 and/or 4 years of age) (0...
March 2, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Ivan Nyklíček, Sophie E M Truijens, Viola Spek, Victor J M Pop
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness skills have been associated with better mood and several health related outcomes. Because depressed mood during pregnancy has been related to worse child outcomes, the aim was to examine the association of mindfulness skills during pregnancy with the mother's depressive symptoms, gestational age, and neonatal birth weight. METHODS: A subsample of 905 pregnant women who participated in the longitudinal cohort HAPPY study (Holistic Approach to Pregnancy and the first Postpartum Year) completed the 12-item Three Facet Mindfulness-Questionnaire-Short Form at 22weeks of gestation...
April 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Zhi-Peng Wang, Jue Ma, Sheng Wang, Li-Na Yu, Jin-Feng Wei, Jin-Dong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety of sevoflurane anesthesia with laryngeal mask and tracheal intubation in cesarean section in women with heart disease. METHODS: Fifty-two pregnant women with heart diseases undergoing cesarean section were randomized into laryngeal mask (LAM) group and tracheal intubation group. In LAM group, 6% sevoflurane was given at the rate of 6 L/min for induction with a maintenance sevoflurane concentration of 3%. In the intubation group, 1...
February 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Yoichiro Kubo, Tetsufumi Kanazawa, Yasuo Kawabata, Koyuki Tanaka, Tatsushi Okayama, Miho Fujta, Atsushi Tsutsumi, Shingo Yokota, Hiroshi Yoneda
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in school-age children is 7.2%, and ADHD is divided into clinical subtypes. METHODS: The current study explored whether specific cognitive profiles as assessed using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)-IV could be obtained for each clinical ADHD subtype (ADHD-Inattentive type and ADHD-Combined type) and investigated the correlation between WISC scores and parental age at their children's birth or birthweight...
February 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Sarah Myers, Sarah E Johns
Postnatal depression (PND) is known to be associated with a range of detrimental child and adolescent outcomes, resulting from its disruptive impact on mother-child relationship quality. However, until now little has been known about the impact of PND on the longer-term relationships between mothers and their children, and any intergenerational effects this may have. Mother-child relationship quality is of interest from an evolutionary perspective as it plays a role in the accrual of offspring embodied capital, thus affecting offspring quality and offspring's capacity to subsequently invest in their own children...
2018: PeerJ
Lineke Kludas, Levente Kriston, Franka Metzner, Michelle Wichmann, Silke Pawils
BACKGROUND: The nationwide prevention program "Parent Guide - Growing up Healthy" aims to improve parental health knowledge in Germany. At the birth of their first child, parents of any socioeconomic status (SES) are provided with written educational material that includes relevant health knowledge as well as basic information about routine health checkups for children. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the program regarding 1) the effects on parental health knowledge and parental satisfaction with routine child health checkups, 2) the sensitivity of the effects on SES, and 3) parental acceptance of the written educational material...
February 21, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Akamin Raymond, Ettore Pedretti, Giuseppina Privitera, Cristina Cicero, Giacomo Biasucci
BACKGROUND: Unilateral absence of the pulmonary artery (UAPA) is a rare congenital malformation often associated with other cardiac anomalies; however it may occur as an isolated lesion. Isolated absence of the right pulmonary artery is twice more frequent than that of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with isolated UAPA are usually asymptomatic at birth; thereafter they may develop a progression of symptoms such as exercise intolerance, dyspnea, chest pain, hemoptysis and recurrent pulmonary infections...
February 20, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Hein M Tun, Sarah L Bridgman, Radha Chari, Catherine J Field, David S Guttman, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Padmaja Subbarao, Malcolm R Sears, James A Scott, Anita L Kozyrskyj
Importance: Maternal overweight, which often results in cesarean delivery, is a strong risk factor for child overweight. Little is known about the joint contribution of birth mode and microbiota in the infant gut to the association between maternal prepregnancy overweight and child overweight. Objective: To investigate the association of birth mode with microbiota in the infant gut, and whether this mediates the association between maternal and child overweight...
February 19, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Zack Ndirima, Florian Neuhann, Claudia Beiersmann
BACKGROUND: Poor quality maternity care may lead to increased maternal dissatisfaction, and subsequent decreased utilization of health services or both. In a responsive health system, determining suitable delivery care, in the mother's opinion, may lead to an improved quality of services and the mother's satisfaction. In Rwanda, there is still limited knowledge and inadequate research regarding patient satisfaction and preferences, especially for women's perceptions and needs during childbirth...
February 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Sarit Kumar Rout, Sarmistha Choudhury
This study is undertaken to estimate the out of pocket expenditure (OOPE) for various diseases and its determinants at secondary level public health facilities in Odisha. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among the inpatients utilising secondary level public health facilities in the 2 districts of Odisha. More than 80% of the inpatients were selected conveniently, and data on OOPE and socioeconomic status of patients were collected. The OOPE was estimated separately on surgery, nonsurgery, and child birth conditions...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Shefaly Shorey, Yen Yen Yang, Emily Ang
AIM: To systematically retrieve, critique and synthesize available evidence regarding the association between negative childbirth experiences and future reproductive decisions. BACKGROUND: A child's birth is often a joyous event; however, there is a proportion of women who undergo negative childbirth experiences that have long-term implications on their reproductive decisions. DESIGN: A systematic review of quantitative studies was undertaken using Joanna Briggs Institute's methods REVIEW METHODS: A search was carried out in CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Embase, PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science from January 1996 - July 2016...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Agnieszka Żelaźniewicz, Bogusław Pawłowski
OBJECTIVES: Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) is hypothesized to reflect the level of an individual's developmental instability, and therefore genetic quality. As a potential signal of biological condition, female body (including breast) symmetry was shown to be perceived as more attractive in mate choice context. If symmetry reflects a woman's genetic quality, it is possible that FA, similarly to other maternal anthropometric cues of biological condition (e.g., body height or waist-to-hip ratio), may be also related to her offspring condition...
January 22, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Eirini Flouri, Martina K Narayanan, Ane Nærde
BACKGROUND: Parents of young children generally report more depressive symptoms than parents of adult children or people without children, mainly because the presence of young children increases exposure to significant stressors (such as stressful life events). However, most studies on the depressogenic role of stressful life events in parents of young children have focussed on mothers. METHODS: Using data from 1138 families with young children in Norway, we investigated gender differences in the effect of stressful life events after a child's birth on the development of parental depressive symptoms in 3 follow-ups at child's ages 3-6 years...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Magdalena Carlberg, Maigun Edhborg, Lene Lindberg
Several studies have used the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), developed to screen new mothers, also for new fathers. This study aimed to further contribute to this knowledge by comparing assessment of possible depression in fathers and associated demographic factors by the EPDS and the Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS), developed for "male" depression screening. The study compared EPDS score ≥10 and ≥12, corresponding to minor and major depression, respectively, in relation to GMDS score ≥13...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Cilia Mejia-Lancheros, John Mehegan, Ricardo Segurado, Celine Murrin, Cecily Kelleher
Exposure to deprived socioeconomic conditions during the peri-conception and early childhood periods can have a negative long-term impact on individuals' health and that of their progeny. We aimed to examine whether relatives' birth period affected index-child (grand-child) birthweight status in the Lifeways Cross-Generation Cohort in the Republic of Ireland. Participants were 943 mothers and offspring, 890 fathers, 938 maternal grandmothers (MGM), 700 maternal grandfathers (MGF) 537 paternal grandmothers (PGM) and 553 paternal grandfathers (PGF)...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
J Wang, Y F Duan, X H Pang, S Jiang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To analyze the status of gestational weight gain (GWG) among Chinese mothers who gave singleton and full-term births, and to look at optimal GWG ranges. Methods: In 2013, using the multi-stage stratified and population proportional cluster sampling method, we investigated 8 323 mother-child pairs at their 0-24 months postpartum from 55 counties (cities/districts) of 30 provinces (except Tibet) in mainland China. Questionnaire was used to collect data on body weight before pregnancy and delivery, diseases during gestation, hemorrhage or not at postpartum, child birth weight and length, and other information about pregnant outcomes...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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