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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925410/adiponectin-leptin-and-insulin-in-breast-milk-associations-with-maternal-characteristics-and-infant-body-composition-in-the-first-year-of-life
#1
D Chan, S Goruk, A B Becker, P Subbarao, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, D Lefebvre, M R Sears, C J Field, M B Azad
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding may protect against excessive weight gain during infancy. However, the breast milk components responsible for this effect are unknown. We examined the variation of three breast milk hormones (adiponectin, leptin and insulin) according to maternal characteristics and determined their association with infant body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We studied a representative subset of 430 breastfed infants in the CHILD birth cohort...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893722/parental-occupational-exposure-to-organic-solvents-and-testicular-germ-cell-tumors-in-their-offspring-nord-test-study
#2
Charlotte Le Cornet, Béatrice Fervers, Eero Pukkala, Tore Tynes, Maria Feychting, Johnni Hansen, Kayo Togawa, Karl-Christian Nordby, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Sanni Uuksulainen, Pernilla Wiebert, Torill Woldbæk, Niels E Skakkebæk, Ann Olsson, Joachim Schüz
BACKGROUND: Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) were suggested to have a prenatal environmentally related origin. The potential endocrine disrupting properties of certain solvents may interfere with the male genital development in utero. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the association between maternal and paternal occupational exposures to organic solvents during the prenatal period and TGCT risk in their offspring. METHODS: This registry-based case control study included TGCT cases aged 14-49 y (n=8,112) diagnosed from 1978 to 2012 in Finland, Norway, and Sweden...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888562/timing-and-chronicity-of-maternal-depression-symptoms-and-children-s-verbal-abilities
#3
Marilyn N Ahun, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Catherine M Herba, Mara Brendgen, Jean R Séguin, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté
OBJECTIVE: To test the associations between the timing and chronicity of maternal depression symptoms (MDS) and children's long-term verbal abilities. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 1073 mother-child pairs from a population-based birth cohort in Canada. MDS were assessed at ages 5 months, 1.5, 3.5, and 5 years using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Verbal abilities were measured at 5, 6, and 10 years using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882171/application-of-random-survival-forests-in-understanding-the-determinants-of-under-five-child-mortality-in-uganda-in-the-presence-of-covariates-that-satisfy-the-proportional-and-non-proportional-hazards-assumption
#4
Justine B Nasejje, Henry Mwambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda just like any other Sub-Saharan African country, has a high under-five child mortality rate. To inform policy on intervention strategies, sound statistical methods are required to critically identify factors strongly associated with under-five child mortality rates. The Cox proportional hazards model has been a common choice in analysing data to understand factors strongly associated with high child mortality rates taking age as the time-to-event variable. However, due to its restrictive proportional hazards (PH) assumption, some covariates of interest which do not satisfy the assumption are often excluded in the analysis to avoid mis-specifying the model...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882109/obstetric-care-providers-knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-towards-active-management-of-third-stage-of-labor-in-sidama-zone-south-ethiopia
#5
Zelalem Tenaw, Zemenu Yohannes, Abdela Amano
BACKGROUND: Active management of third stage of labor played a great role to prevent child birth related hemorrhage. However, maternal morbidity and mortality related to hemorrhage is high due to lack of knowledge and skill of obstetric care providers 'on active management of third stage of labor. Our study was aimed to assess knowledge, practice and associated factors of obstetric care providers (Midwives, Nurses and Health officers) on active management of third stage of labor in Sidama Zone, South Ethiopia...
September 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881463/a-family-based-study-of-carbon-monoxide-and-nitric-oxide-signalling-genes-and-preeclampsia
#6
Anna E Bauer, Christy L Avery, Min Shi, Clarice R Weinberg, Andrew F Olshan, Quaker E Harmon, Jingchun Luo, Jenny Yang, Tracy A Manuck, Michael C Wu, Nicholas Williams, Ralph McGinnis, Linda Morgan, Kari Klungsøyr, Lill Trogstad, Per Magnus, Stephanie M Engel
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is thought to originate during placentation, with incomplete remodelling and perfusion of the spiral arteries leading to reduced placental vascular capacity. Nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) are powerful vasodilators that play a role in the placental vascular system. Although family clustering of preeclampsia has been observed, the existing genetic literature is limited by a failure to consider both mother and child. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study within the Norwegian Mother and Child Birth Cohort of 1545 case-pairs and 995 control-pairs from 2540 validated dyads (2011 complete pairs, 529 missing mother or child genotype)...
September 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854718/single-fathers-by-choice-using-surrogacy-why-men-decide-to-have-a-child-as-a-single-parent
#7
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: Why do men decide to have a child by surrogacy as a single parent? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reasons included feeling that it was the right time (i.e. having 'worked through' concerns about single parenthood; career and financial stability; a fear of getting older; no longer wanting to wait for the 'right' relationship), external encouragement, a desire to reproduce and a fear of separation/divorce. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Because no research has been conducted on single fathers who used surrogacy, their characteristics, motivations and experiences are unknown...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832785/prevalence-of-physical-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-first-six-months-after-childbirth-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#8
Claudia Leite de Moraes, Aline Gaudard E Silva de Oliveira, Michael Eduardo Reichenheim, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Maria do Carmo Leal
The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of physical intimate partner violence in the first six months after childbirth among women attending primary care clinics (UBS) for the infant's follow-up in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This is the first study on the theme using a representative sample of primary care clinics in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The study used a cross-sectional design from June to September 2007 and included 927 mothers/infants seen at 27 UBS, selected by complex sampling, geographically representative of the city...
August 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802210/the-adoption-of-children-from-out-of-home-care-the-understandings-of-key-decision-makers-in-victoria-australia
#9
Anna Butlinski, Heather Rowe, Christopher Goddard, Nicholas Freezer
Adoption is one of a range of options that can provide children in out-of-home care with permanency when they are unable to be reunified with their birth parents. This paper reports on how the adoption of children from out-of-home care is understood by professionals involved in making decisions about the permanent placement of children in out-of-home care in Victoria, Australia, where adoption is rarely used. Data were collected through a single, face-to-face semi-structured interview with 21 professionals; eight child welfare specialists, eight adoption and permanent care specialists and five judicial officers...
August 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789827/women-s-and-men-s-negative-experience-of-child-birth-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Astrid Nystedt, Ingegerd Hildingsson
BACKGROUND: A negative birth experience may influence both women and men and can limit their process of becoming a parent. AIMS: This study aimed to analyze and describe women's and men's perceptions and experiences of childbirth. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of women and their partners living in one Swedish county were recruited in mid pregnancy and followed up two months after birth. Women (n=928) and men (n=818) completed the same questionnaire that investigated new parents' birth experiences in relation to socio-demographic background and birth related variables...
August 5, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755649/tests-of-linear-and-nonlinear-relations-between-cumulative-contextual-risk-at-birth-and-psychosocial-problems-during-adolescence
#11
Gilbert R Parra, Gail L Smith, W Alex Mason, Jukka Savolainen, Mary B Chmelka, Jouko Miettunen, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
This study tested whether there are linear or nonlinear relations between prenatal/birth cumulative risk and psychosocial outcomes during adolescence. Participants (n = 6963) were taken from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort Study 1986. The majority of participants did not experience any contextual risk factors around the time of the target child's birth (58.1%). Even in this low-risk sample, cumulative contextual risk assessed around the time of birth was related to seven different psychosocial outcomes 16 years later...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746325/effect-of-maternal-socio-demographic-factors-and-child-feeding-practice-on-wasting-among-under-five-years-children-in-slum-area-of-rupandehi-district-in-nepal
#12
S Gautam, S Ruchal, B Timalsina, D Acharya, B Khadka, V Gautam, J K Singh
INTRODUCTION: Childhood wasting although well studied elsewhere, it has not been well understood about in slum area of Nepal. This study aimed to assess effect of socio-demographic factors and child feeding practice in the determination of wasting among the children under five years of age in slum area of Nepal. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was performed among 150 children under five years of age from the slum area of Nepal between 1st January and 28th February 2013 using simple random sampling techniques...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715709/parental-age-and-childhood-cancer-risk-a-danish-population-based-registry-study
#13
Zuelma A Contreras, Johnni Hansen, Beate Ritz, Jorn Olsen, Fei Yu, Julia E Heck
BACKGROUND: Though the association between parental age at child's birth and the risk of childhood cancer has been previously investigated, the evidence to date is inconclusive and scarce for rarer cancer types. METHODS: Cancer cases (N=5,856) were selected from all children born from 1968 to 2014 and diagnosed from 1968 to 2015 in Denmark at less than 16 years of age listed in the nationwide Danish Cancer Registry. Cases were individually matched to controls (1:100) on sex and year of birth with a total of 585,594 controls randomly sampled from all live births in Denmark from the Danish Central Population Registry...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714604/antidepressants-antipsychotics-and-mood-stabilizers-in-pregnancy-what-do-we-know-and-how-should-we-treat-pregnant-women-with-depression
#14
REVIEW
Asher Ornoy, Liza Weinstein-Fudim, Zivanit Ergaz
Depression is generally treated with antidepressants, but may often need antipsychotics and mood stabilizers. We discuss the updated data regarding the safety in pregnancy of antidepressants and antipsychotics, except selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and their possible impact on the long-term development of the offspring. Several earlier studies demonstrated a slight increase in the rate of major anomalies following maternal tricyclic antidepressant treatment, but most current literature shows their relative safety in pregnancy...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710784/pregnancy-after-laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-implications-and-outcomes
#15
A M Hogan, P Tejedor, I Lindsey, O Jones, R Hompes, K J Gorissen, C Cunningham
AIM: Surgical management of rectal prolapse varies considerably. Most surgeons are reluctant to use ventral mesh rectopexy in young women until they have completed their family. The aim of the present study was to review outcomes of pregnancy following laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) from a tertiary referral centre over a 10 year period (2006-2016) and to review the impact on pelvic floor symptoms. METHOD: We undertook a retrospective review of a prospectively compiled database of patients who had undergone laparoscopic ventral rectopexy in a single centre over a 10 years period...
July 15, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705350/trajectories-of-relationship-supportiveness-after-childbirth-does-marriage-matter
#16
Marcia J Carlson, Alicia G VanOrman
Relationship quality for married couples typically declines after the birth of a (first) child, as parenthood brings new identities, stresses, and responsibilities for mothers and fathers. Yet, it is less clear whether nonmarital relationship quality follows a similar trajectory, particularly given the greater selectivity of nonmarital relationships that persist over time. This paper uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,459) with latent growth curve models to examine relationship quality (measured by mothers' perceived supportiveness about fathers) for married and unmarried couples over nine years after a child's birth...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696824/age-appropriate-versus-up-to-date-coverage-of-routine-childhood-vaccinations-among-young-children-in-israel
#17
Chen Stein-Zamir, Avi Israeli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Routine childhood vaccinations schedules recommend that children receive the vaccine doses at specific ages. Vaccination coverage data are conventionally reported by the up-to-date method. We aimed to assess vaccination timeliness by the age-appropriate method and compare with the up-to-date vaccination coverage. METHODS: Assessment of age-appropriate and up-to-date vaccination coverage among children born in Israel in 2009 and followed to age 48 months (national representative sample, n = 3892)...
July 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691418/associations-between-the-number-of-natural-teeth-and-the-maternal-age-at-childbirth-or-history-of-parity-in-postmenopausal-women-the-2010-2012-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#18
Kyungdo Han, Insoo Kim, Yong-Gyu Park, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND: The relationship between reproductive factors, including pregnancy and delivery in postmenopausal women, and the number of teeth remains to be revealed. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the relationship between childbearing age (age at first and last delivery), parity and the number of natural teeth in postmenopausal women using nationally representative data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2010 and 2012 were used, and the analysis in this study was confined to a total of 4,060 respondents over 19 years old who had gone through menopause and had no missing values for the reproductive factors and outcome variables...
June 27, 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683833/effectiveness-of-skin-to-skin-contact-versus-care-as-usual-in-mothers-and-their-full-term-infants-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Kelly H M Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C Rovers, Carolina de Weerth
BACKGROUND: Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant has been shown to decrease maternal postpartum depressive symptoms. In full-term infants, only two studies investigated SSC effects on maternal depressive symptoms and found similar results. Research in preterm infants also showed that SSC improves other mental and physical health outcomes of the mother and the infant, and improves the quality of mother-infant relationship...
July 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677114/child-care-quality-moderates-the-association-between-maternal-depression-and-children-s-behavioural-outcome
#20
Justine Charrois, Sylvana M Côté, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Stéphane Paquin, Richard E Tremblay, Catherine M Herba
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in the child, including emotional and behavioural difficulties. There is evidence that child care attendance during the preschool years may moderate associations between familial risk factors and child outcome. However, the possibility that high-quality child care provides protection for children exposed to maternal depression or that low-quality child care provides additional risk has not been investigated. We study whether child-care quality moderates the association between probable history of maternal depression (PMD) and child behavioural and emotional outcomes over the preschool period...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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