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Rajani Shah
BACKGROUND: Child delivery in a health facility is important to reduce maternal mortality. Bypassing nearby birthing facility to deliver at a hospital is common in developing countries including Nepal. Very little is known about the extent and determinants of bypassing the birthing centres in Nepal. This study measures the status of bypassing, characteristics of bypassers and their reasons for bypassing. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in six rural village development committees of Chitwan district of Nepal...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Jian Zhao, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee
The calcium supplementation status during the postpartum period among Chinese lactating women is still unclear. The objective of this study is to utilize data from two population-based prospective cohort studies to examine the calcium supplementation status and to identify whether breastfeeding is associated with increased calcium supplementation among Chinese mothers after child birth. Information from 1540 mothers on breastfeeding and calcium supplementation measured at discharge, 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum were extracted to evaluate the association between breastfeeding and calcium supplementation postpartum...
October 9, 2016: Nutrients
Urszula Sioma-Markowska, Ryszard Poręba, Mariola Machura, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the forms of paternal activity depending on the manner of their preparation, including stages of labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective survey-based study involved 250 fathers who participated in their child's birth. The fathers included in the study were present during all stages of family-assisted natural labor. The study was conducted one day after childbirth with the use of a survey prepared by the authors. Statistical calculations were conducted using the Statistica PL software...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
J Bohlin, S E Håberg, P Magnus, S E Reese, H K Gjessing, M C Magnus, C L Parr, C M Page, S J London, W Nystad
BACKGROUND: We explored the association between gestational age and cord blood DNA methylation at birth and whether DNA methylation could be effective in predicting gestational age due to limitations with the presently used methods. We used data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Birth Cohort study (MoBa) with Illumina HumanMethylation450 data measured for 1753 newborns in two batches: MoBa 1, n = 1068; and MoBa 2, n = 685. Gestational age was computed using both ultrasound and the last menstrual period...
October 7, 2016: Genome Biology
Nayera E Hassan, Sahar A El-Masry, Tarek Farid, Aya Khalil
BACKGROUND: Overweight/obesity is a multi-factorial problem, which results from rapidly changing social, economic, and physical environments that have led to an energy imbalance. AIM: To identify the association between childhood overweight/obesity and some socio-demographic risk factors, as parental age, body mass index (BMI), education and occupation, family size and residence (urban/rural). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study included 154 children of both sexes; aged 5-18 years; with their parents; one of them was working at the National Research Centre and from their relatives and neighbours...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mihoko Takahashi
OBJECTIVES: Anomalous variations in live births on February 29/March 1, April 1/April 2 and the days before the New Year holidays/New Year holidays have been reported in Japan. The distribution of live births was investigated on those days and whether or not such dates were selected due to obstetric intervention is discussed. METHODS: Using a method similar to the [Formula: see text]-R control chart, anomalous variations in the hourly number of live births were detected...
October 3, 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Rajendra Karkee, Andy H Lee
BACKGROUND: Optimal birth spacing has health advantages for both mother and child. In developing countries, shorter birth intervals are common and associated with social, cultural, and economic factors, as well as a lack of family planning. This study investigated the first birth interval after marriage and preceding interbirth interval in Nepal. METHODS: A community-based prospective cohort study was conducted in the Kaski district of Nepal. Information on birth spacing, demographic, and obstetric characteristics was obtained from 701 pregnant women using a structured questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Kaja Julge
Estonia has a population of 1.3 million, which makes it one of the least populous member states of the European Union. The fertility rate was 1.65 in 2011, and the average age of women at first child birth was 4 years higher than in the early 1990s. Medical care is free for all children in Estonia. For the last 20 years, family doctors have been responsible for the primary care of children. Pediatric subspecialists work mainly in 2 children's hospitals: the Children's Clinic of Tartu University Hospital and Tallinn Children's Hospital...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
A G Radhika, Garima Pandey, Nilanchali Singh, Anju Sinha
BACKGROUND: Cochrane reviews aim to produce evidence for health care practice globally including India. We wanted to assess the contribution of Indian origin studies in developing these systematic reviews in the field of obstetrics and gynecology. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the number of Indian origin studies in obstetrics and gynecology which provided conclusive data and hence contributed toward formulating Cochrane Reviews in Obstetrics and Gynecology...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Miriam K Ehrensaft, Heather M Knous-Westfall, Thailyn Lopez Alonso
Research consistently indicates that young mothers are at elevated risk for adverse social and economic risks. Recent attention has been paid to the value of maternal educational attainment for their children's economic and social outcomes. Pursuit of post-secondary education requires mothers to balance multiple roles, potentially stressing the parent-child relationship. Yet, almost no studies have addressed parenting and associated stress in young mothers enrolled in post-secondary education, and no preventive intervention trials have been conducted...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
Judith van der Waerden, Jonathan Y Bernard, Maria De Agostini, Marie-Josèphe Saurel-Cubizolles, Hugo Peyre, Barbara Heude, Maria Melchior
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the association between timing and course of maternal depression from pregnancy onwards and children's cognitive development at ages 5 to 6. Potential interaction effects with child sex and family socioeconomic status were explored. METHODS: One thousand thirty-nine mother-child pairs from the French EDEN mother-child birth cohort were followed from 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy onwards. Based on Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores assessed at six timepoints, longitudinal maternal depressive symptom trajectories were calculated with a group-based semiparametric method...
September 7, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
Wei-Ya Wu, Chi-Rong Li, Ching-Pyng Kuo, Yi-Chen Chiang, Meng-Chih Lee
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy carries a higher risk of adverse birth outcomes. Currently, there are very few longitudinal studies that have investigated the growth of children born to adolescents. This study explores the birth outcomes and determinants in adolescent pregnancies with subjects enrolled from the Taiwan Birth Cohort Study (TBCS). METHODS: Using the data of Wave I (6 months old), II (18 months old), and III (36 months old) of TBCS, a national sample of 19,381 pairs of mothers and their children were included for analysis...
2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Moez Kdous, Ghaya Merdassi, Fethi Zhioua, Hanène Elloumi, Khadija Kacem, Amel Zhioua
BACKGROUND: Age and increased FSH serum level in women are prognosis criteriae associated with decreased fertility. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether age-specific FSH concentration can be a predictor of the outcome of ovarian stimulation in women undergoing IVF. METHODS: A total of 676 women undergoing their first IVF cycle over a 3-year period were included in this retrospective cohort study. Patients were grouped according to age (< or ≥  38 years), and within each age range, patients were grouped into bFSH quartiles (< or ≥  9...
March 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Narendra Kumar, Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj, Umashree Koudike, Sumanth Mallikarjuna Majgi
BACKGROUND: A range of psychological disorders occur in women in the postpartum period apart from the traditional blues, postpartum depression and psychosis. These include obsession of infanticide, PTSD, morbid preoccupations regarding child birth and disorders of mother-infant relationships, though they are under emphasized. METHODS: it is a cross-sectional study conducted in the tertiary maternity care hospital. A total of 152 study subjects were interviewed on MINI (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Inventory) and GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning) within 2 weeks after delivery...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Keiko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Miyake, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence regarding the relationship between maternal secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure during pregnancy and postnatal SHS exposure and childhood behavioral problems is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The present prebirth cohort study investigated the association between perinatal smoking exposure and behavioral problems in Japanese children aged 5 years. METHODS: Subjects were 1200 mother-child pairs. Data on variables under study were obtained using parent questionnaires...
August 16, 2016: Environmental Research
Cate M Cameron, Anneliese B Spinks, Jodie M Osborne, Tamzyn M Davey, Neil Sipe, Roderick J McClure
Objective The aim of the present study was to compare sociodemographic characteristics of children with single versus recurrent episodes of injury and provide contemporary evidence for Australian injury prevention policy development.Methods Participants were identified from the Environments for Healthy Living: Griffith Birth Cohort Study 2006-11 (n=2692). Demographic data were linked to the child's hospital emergency and admissions data from birth to December 2013. Data were dichotomised in two ways: (1) injured or non-injured; and (2) single or recurrent episodes of injury...
August 19, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
S L Andersen, A Carlé, J Olsen, P Laurberg
OBJECTIVE: Immunological changes in and after a pregnancy may influence the onset of autoimmune diseases. An increased incidence of hyperthyroidism has been observed both in early pregnancy and postpartum, but it remains to be studied if the incidence of hypothyroidism varies in a similar way. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study using Danish nationwide registers. METHOD: All women who gave birth to a singleton live-born child in Denmark from 1999 to 2008 (n = 403 958) were identified, and data on hospital diagnosis of hypothyroidism and redeemed prescriptions of thyroid hormone were extracted...
November 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Reginaldo Roque Mafetoni, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the effects of acupressure on the sanyinjiao point for pregnant women in labor at public maternity wards. METHOD: single-blind controlled clinical trial, randomly done employing a pragmatic profile. We selected 156 pregnant women in their ≥ 37 week/s, who had cervical dilations of ≥ 4 cm and with two or more contractions in 10 minutes. The pregnant women were randomly divided into three groups at a university hospital in the suburbs of Sao Paulo, Brazil, in order to receive either acupressure treatment, a placebo or participate as part of a control group...
August 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Inna Feldman, Eva Eurenius, Jenny Häggström, Filipa Sampaio, Marie Lindkvist, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brännström, Anneli Ivarsson
INTRODUCTION: There is inadequate evidence for the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of health promotion interventions. The Salut Programme aims to reach all parents and children in the Västerbotten County of Sweden with a combination of health promotion interventions initiated during pregnancy and continued over the childhood period. This study protocol describes an effectiveness study and an economic evaluation study, where the ongoing Salut Programme is compared to care-as-usual over the periods of pregnancy, delivery and the child's first 2 years of life...
2016: BMJ Open
Sikha Sinha, Abha Rani Aggarwal, Clive Osmond, Caroline Hd Fall, Santosh K Bhargava, Harshpal Singh Sachdev
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between maternal age at child birth and perinatal and underfive mortality. Design: Prospective birth cohort. Setting: Urban community. Participants: 9169 pregnancies in the New Delhi Birth Cohort resulted in 8181 live births. These children were followed for survival status and anthropometric measurements at birth (+3 days), 3, 6, 9 and 12 months (± 7 days), and every 6 months thereafter until 21 years age...
July 10, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
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