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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777966/determinants-of-choice-of-delivery-place-testing-rational-choice-theory-and-habitus-theory
#1
Anja Broda, Juliane Krüger, Stephanie Schinke, Andreas Weber
OBJECTIVE: The current study uses two antipodal social science theories, the rational choice theory and the habitus theory, and applies these to describe how women choose between intraclinical (i.e., hospital-run birth clinics) and extraclinical (i.e., midwife-led birth centres or home births) delivery places. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among 189 women. A list of 22 determinants, conceptualized to capture the two theoretical concepts, were rated on a 7-point Likert scale with 1 = unimportant to 7 = very important...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760943/high-parity-predicts-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-in-the-extended-postpartum-period-among-women-in-rural-uganda
#2
Ronald Anguzu, Hassard Sempeera, Juliet N Sekandi
Background: The use of implants and Intra-uterine devices (IUD) during the post-partum period is very low in Uganda especially in rural settings. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) are known to be the most cost-effective for prevention of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortions. This study aimed at determining the factors associated with long-acting reversible contraceptive use among women in the extended postpartum period in rural Uganda. Methods: We conducted a household-based, cross-sectional study among 400 women in two rural communities in Mityana district, central Uganda...
2018: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755931/social-determinants-of-self-rated-health-among-japanese-mothers-of-children-with-disabilities
#3
Miyako Kimura
Caregivers of children with disability are more likely to be affected by social determinants that lead to poor health. Additionally, a previous study revealed that although mothers of a single child with disability wanted to have another child, various obstacles including social, cultural, economic, and biological factors existed and some had to give up on having another child. Since the mental health and well-being of these mothers were poorer than those of mothers with multiple children with and without disabilities, such family composition may also affect maternal health...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750675/maternal-pre-pregnancy-weight-status-and-adolescent-eating-disorder-behaviors-a-longitudinal-study-of-risk-pathways
#4
Nadia Micali, Rhian M Daniel, George B Ploubidis, Bianca L De Stavola
BACKGROUND: Maternal characteristics and childhood growth have been identified as risk factors for eating disorders. Most studies to date have been unable to investigate these factors prospectively while accounting for their interdependencies. We address this by investigating whether the association of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (ppBMI) with adolescent eating disorder behaviors can be explained by childhood growth and/or a concurrent environmental pathway captured by maternal eating habits...
May 10, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747602/first-child-s-impact-on-parental-relationship-an-existential-perspective
#5
Christina Prinds, Ole Mogensen, Niels Christian Hvidt, Mette Bliddal
BACKGROUND: The first child's birth is for most mothers a profound experience carrying the potential to change life orientations and values. However, little is known of how becoming a mother influences the existential dimensions of life within the parental relationship for example how motherhood may change how we view our partner and what we find important. The aim of this study was to explore how becoming a mother might change the parental relationship seen from the mother's perspective with a specific focus on dimensions related to existential meaning-making...
May 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732899/predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-for-6-months-in-a-national-sample-of-us-children
#6
Cathleen Odar Stough, Amrik S Khalsa, Laura A Nabors, Ashley L Merianos, James Peugh
PURPOSE: To explore predictors of breastfeeding behavior and seek to replicate prior findings using a recent nationally representative United States (US) sample, which has not been done previously. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis using the National Survey of Children's Health 2011 to 2012. SETTING: Households in the 50 US states, the District of Columbia, and the US Virgin Islands. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers with a child between 6 months and 6 years of age (n = 26 552)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713310/kisspeptin-and-metabolism-the-brain-and-beyond
#7
REVIEW
Monika Dudek, Kamil Ziarniak, Joanna H Sliwowska
Apart from the well-established role of kisspeptin (Kp) in the regulation of reproductive functions, recent data described its action in the control of metabolism. Of particular interest for the review is the population of Kp neurons localized in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus, the site of the brain where reproductive and metabolic cross talk occurs. However, within the hypothalamus Kp does not work alone, but rather interacts with other neuropeptides, e.g., neurokinin B, dynorphin A, proopiomelanocortin, the cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript, agouti-related peptide, and neuropeptide Y...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695299/emergency-transportation-interventions-for-reducing-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#8
John Ehiri, Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu, Joy Chebet, Ekpereonne Esu, Martin Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Transportation interventions seek to decrease delay in reaching a health facility for emergency obstetric care and are, thus, believed to contribute to reductions in such adverse pregnancy and childbirth outcomes as maternal deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is limited empirical evidence to support this hypothesis. The objective of the proposed review is to summarize and critically appraise evidence regarding the effect of emergency transportation interventions on outcomes of labor and delivery in LMICs...
April 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689098/maternal-age-and-offspring-developmental-vulnerability-at-age-five-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-australian-children
#9
Kathleen Falster, Mark Hanly, Emily Banks, John Lynch, Georgina Chambers, Marni Brownell, Sandra Eades, Louisa Jorm
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, there has been a shift to later childbearing in high-income countries. There is limited large-scale evidence of the relationship between maternal age and child outcomes beyond the perinatal period. The objective of this study is to quantify a child's risk of developmental vulnerability at age five, according to their mother's age at childbirth. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Linkage of population-level perinatal, hospital, and birth registration datasets to data from the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC) and school enrolments in Australia's most populous state, New South Wales (NSW), enabled us to follow a cohort of 99,530 children from birth to their first year of school in 2009 or 2012...
April 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678184/perceptions-on-male-involvement-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-masasi-district-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#10
Stephen Oswald Maluka, Apollonia Kasege Peneza
BACKGROUND: Despite the efforts to promote male involvement in maternal and child health, studies in low and middle income countries have reported that male participation is still low. While factors that hinder male partners from participating in maternal and child healthcare are well documented, there is dearth of studies on local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and delivery care. The main objective of this study was to explore local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and childbirth in Tanzania...
April 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663952/timing-of-hiv-diagnosis-in-children-with-tuberculosis-managed-at-a-referral-hospital-in-cape-town-south-africa
#11
L N Byamungu, K du Preez, E Walters, J B Nachega, H S Schaaf
SETTING: Tygerberg Hospital, Western Cape Province, Cape Town, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with simultaneous tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses in children. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in TB-HIV co-infected children aged <13 years admitted to Tygerberg Hospital in 2012. Data were collected from medical records, laboratory results and electronic TB treatment registers...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658763/the-birth-experiences-questionnaire-a-brief-measure-assessing-psychosocial-dimensions-of-childbirth
#12
Darby Saxbe, Katelyn Taline Horton, Ann Bryna Tsai
Childbirth is an important life event that has been understudied by psychologists. Parents may find birth to be stressful, painful, and frightening, or feel supported and calm. Birth experiences can be shaped both by preexisting psychological vulnerabilities and by medical events that occur during childbirth. The birth experience may influence both parent and child well-being, helping to shape the health of the new family. This paper introduces the Birth Experiences Questionnaire (BEQ), a brief 10-item measure designed to assess stress, fear, and partner support during birth...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658108/maternal-residential-pesticide-use-and-risk-of-childhood-leukemia-in-costa-rica
#13
Carly Hyland, Robert B Gunier, Catherine Metayer, Michael N Bates, Catharina Wesseling, Ana M Mora
Evidence suggests that early-life exposure to pesticides inside the home may be associated with childhood leukemia, however data from Latin American countries are limited. We examined whether self-reported maternal residential pesticide use and nearby pesticide applications-before and after child's birth-were associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Costa Rican Childhood Leukemia Study (CRCLS), a population-based case-control study (2001-2003). Cases (n=251 ALL) were diagnosed between 1995 and 2000 (age <15 years at diagnosis) and were identified through the Costa Rican Cancer Registry and National Children's Hospital...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625275/mutation-analysis-of-19-commonly-used-short-tandem-repeat-loci-in-a-guangdong-han-population
#14
Cheng Xiao, Zhiyong Peng, Feilong Chen, Hui Yan, Bofeng Zhu, Yunchun Tai, Pingming Qiu, Chao Liu, Xuheng Song, Zihao Wu, Ling Chen
Short tandem repeats (STRs) are the most widely used genetic markers in current forensic practice. However, STR mutations have troubled paternity test all the time. To ensure the accuracy in parentage testing, it is important to obtain population mutation data and identify factors that affect STR mutation rates. In the present study, we performed a comprehensive analysis on 322 mutation events in 19 autosomal STR loci from 12,752 meiotic events in 9,626 parentage test cases. The average mutation rate for the 19 STR loci was estimated at 1...
March 23, 2018: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620388/using-linked-data-to-investigate-developmental-vulnerabilities-in-children-of-convicted-parents
#15
Megan F Bell, Donna M Bayliss, Rebecca Glauert, Jeneva L Ohan
There is evidence that children of incarcerated parents are at risk of poor developmental and educational outcomes. However, much of this evidence is limited by biased samples, as studies must rely on opt-in recruitment. Administrative data present an opportunity to overcome this challenge, as they capture information on all incarcerated individuals. This study used administrative data on convictions of the parents of 19,071 children aged 5-6 years in Western Australia. Records of parental convictions (starting from 1 year prior to the child's birth) were linked to children's scores on the Australian Early Development Census, which is a teacher-reported measure of children's physical, social, emotional, communicative, and cognitive development...
April 5, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617531/consanguineous-marriage-and-the-psychopathology-of-progeny-a-population-wide-data-linkage-study
#16
Aideen Maguire, Foteini Tseliou, Dermot O'Reilly
Importance: Approximately 1 in 10 children worldwide are born to consanguineous parents. The literature on consanguinity and mental health of progeny is scarce despite the fact that many of the factors associated with consanguineous unions are also associated with mental health. Objective: To investigate if children of consanguineous parents are at increased risk of common mood disorders or psychoses. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was a retrospective population-wide cohort study of all individuals born in Northern Ireland between January 1, 1971, and December 31, 1986, derived from the Child Health System data set and linked to nationwide administrative data sources on prescription medication and death records...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607478/a-rare-case-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-with-stenosis-and-incompetence-of-three-valves-in-a-nigerian-woman
#17
B N Okeahialam
BACKGROUND: Though valve disease resulting from rheumatic heart disease is common, triple valve involvement is uncommon; with a bleak survival outlook Objective: To report a 38-year-old patient with both stenosis and incompetence of 3 valves, who lived till adulthood and went into heart failure after child-birth. No such report has come from Nigeria Methods: Case report of a Nigerian woman who lived with multiple valve disease up to adulthood when after delivery she developed hypertension and went into heart failure...
January 2018: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588230/associations-between-maternal-cytokine-levels-during-gestation-and-measures-of-child-cognitive-abilities-and-executive-functioning
#18
Mikhail G Dozmorov, Staci D Bilbo, Scott H Kollins, Nancy Zucker, Elizabeth K Do, Julia C Schechter, Junfeng Jim Zhang, Susan Murphy, Cathrine Hoyo, Bernard F Fuemmeler
Preclinical studies demonstrate that environmentally-induced alterations in inflammatory cytokines generated by the maternal and fetal immune system can significantly impact fetal brain development. Yet, the relationship between maternal cytokines during gestation and later cognitive ability and executive function remains understudied. Children (n = 246) were born of mothers enrolled in the Newborn Epigenetic Study - a prospective pre-birth cohort in the Southeastern US. We characterized seven cytokines [IL-1β, IL-4,IL-6, IL-12p70, IL-17A, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), and interferon-γ (IFNγ)] and one chemokine (IL-8) from maternal plasma collected during pregnancy...
March 24, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568739/the-prevalence-of-traditional-malpractice-during-pregnancy-child-birth-and-postnatal-period-among-women-of-childbearing-age-in-meshenti-town-2016
#19
Haileyesus Gedamu, Adane Tsegaw, Etsubdink Debebe
Background: Cultural practices, beliefs, and taboos are often implicated in determining the care received by mothers during pregnancy and child birth which is an important determinant of maternal mortality. Objective: To assess prevalence of cultural malpractice during pregnancy, child birth, and postnatal period among women of childbearing age in Meshenti town, Amhara region, northwest Ethiopia, in 2016. Methods: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted among women of reproductive age group interviewed during the study period from May 10 to June 17, 2016...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564605/father-early-engagement-behaviors-and-infant-low-birth-weight
#20
Shawna J Lee, Diana T Sanchez, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Joyce Y Lee, Analia Albuja
Objective To examine the association of father early engagement behaviors and infant low birth weight (LBW) among unmarried, urban couples. Methods Participants were from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a birth-cohort study of urban families. We conducted cross-sectional analyses of data from interviews with unmarried mothers and fathers (N = 2726) that took place at the time of their child's birth. Early engagement behaviors were based on fathers' self-report of whether during the pregnancy they gave mothers money to buy things for the baby, helped in other ways like providing transportation to prenatal clinics, and attended the birth...
March 21, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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