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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545200/descriptive-epidemiology-of-female-breast-cancer-in-delhi-india
#1
Nalliah Manoharan, Omana Nair, N K Shukla, Goura Kishor Rath
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in females worldwide. The Population Based Cancer Registry data of Delhi were here used to describe the epidemiology and trends in breast cancer incidence in Delhi. Methods: Crude rate, age-standardized incidence rates (ASR) and age-specific incidence rates were calculated using the data collected by Delhi PBCR for the year 2012. The time trend of breast cancer incidence was evaluated by joinpoint regression using the PBCR data from 1988-2012...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542391/effectiveness-of-facility-based-personalized-maternal-nutrition-counseling-in-improving-child-growth-and-morbidity-up-to-18-months-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#2
Laetitia Nikièma, Lieven Huybregts, Yves Martin-Prevel, Philippe Donnen, Hermann Lanou, Joep Grosemans, Priscilla Offoh, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Blaise Sondo, Dominique Roberfroid, Patrick Kolsteren
The period from conception to 24 months of age is a crucial window for nutrition interventions. Personalized maternal counseling may improve childbirth outcomes, growth, and health. We assessed the effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling (from pregnancy to 18 months after birth) in improving child growth and health in rural Burkina Faso. We conducted a paired cluster randomized controlled trial in a rural district of Burkina Faso with 12 primary health centers (clusters). Healthcare providers in the intervention centers received patient-centered communication and nutrition counseling training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#3
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532490/prevalence-and-determinants-of-childhood-mortality-in-nigeria
#4
Sanni Yaya, Michael Ekholuenetale, Godson Tudeme, Shah Vaibhav, Ghose Bishwajit, Bernard Kadio
BACKGROUND: Childhood mortality has remained a major challenge to public health amongst families in Nigeria and other developing countries. The menace of incessant childhood mortality has been a major concern and this calls for studies to generate new scientific evidence to determine its prevalence and explore predisposing factors associated with it in Nigeria. METHOD: Data was obtained from Nigeria DHS, 2013. The study outcome variable was the total number of children lost by male partners and female partners respectively who were married...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525774/development-and-validation-of-a-physical-model-to-investigate-the-biomechanics-of-infant-head-impact
#5
M Jones, D Darwall, G Khalid, R Prabhu, A Kemp, O Arthurs, P Theobald
Head injury in childhood is the single most common cause of death or permanent disability from injury. However, despite its frequency and significance, there is little understanding of the response of a child's head to injurious loading. This is a significant limitation when making early diagnoses, informing clinical and/or forensic management or injury prevention strategies. With respect to impact vulnerability, current understanding is predominantly based on a few post-mortem-human-surrogate (PMHS) experiments...
April 13, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511371/study-of-serum-total-psa-and-free-psa-as-an-oncological-marker-in-breast-tumour
#6
Elteza Tahjiba Jahir, Runi Devi, Bibhuti Bhushan Borthakur
INTRODUCTION: Breast Cancer (BC) cases are rising alarmingly all over the world and India is not an exception. This rising trend is due to an increased age at first child birth, decreased breast feeding, and the changing lifestyle mostly in urban India. With the advent of more sensitive methodologies and research works in this field, it has been suggested that Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of breast cancer besides other established tumour markers...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477209/parental-smoking-maternal-alcohol-coffee-and-tea-consumption-and-the-risk-of-childhood-brain-tumours-the-estelle-and-escale-studies-sfce-france
#7
Helen D Bailey, Brigitte Lacour, Léa Guerrini-Rousseau, Anne-Isabelle Bertozzi, Pierre Leblond, Cécile Faure-Conter, Isabelle Pellier, Claire Freycon, François Doz, Stéphanie Puget, Stéphane Ducassou, Laurent Orsi, Jacqueline Clavel
PURPOSE: To investigate whether parental smoking around the time of pregnancy or maternal consumption of beverages (alcohol, coffee, or tea) during pregnancy were associated with the risk of CBT. METHODS: We pooled data from two French national population-based case-control studies with similar designs conducted in 2003-2004 and 2010-2011. The mothers of 510 CBT cases (directly recruited from the national childhood cancer register) and 3,102 controls aged under 15 years, frequency matched by age and gender, were interviewed through telephone, which included questions about prenatal parental smoking and maternal consumption of alcohol, coffee and tea...
May 5, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461293/breastfeeding-maternal-asthma-and-wheezing-in-the-first-year-of-life-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-birth-cohort-study
#8
Meghan B Azad, Lorena Vehling, Zihang Lu, David Dai, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears
The impact of breastfeeding on respiratory health is uncertain, particularly when the mother has asthma. We examined the association of breastfeeding and wheezing in the first year of life.We studied 2773 infants from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) birth cohort. Caregivers reported on infant feeding and wheezing episodes at 3, 6 and 12 months. Breastfeeding was classified as exclusive, partial (supplemented with formula or complementary foods) or none.Overall, 21% of mothers had asthma, 46% breastfed for at least 12 months and 21% of infants experienced wheezing...
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459987/vitamin-d-and-fracture-risk-in-early-childhood-a-case-control-study
#9
Laura N Anderson, Sze Wing Heong, Yang Chen, Kevin E Thorpe, Khosrow Adeli, Andrew Howard, Etienne Sochett, Catherine S Birken, Patricia C Parkin, Jonathon L Maguire
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of vitamin D intake and serum levels with fracture risk in children under 6 years of age. A case-control study was conducted in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Cases were recruited from the fracture clinic at the Hospital for Sick Children, and matched controls were obtained from the TARGet Kids! primary-care research network. Controls were matched to cases on age, sex, height, and season. Fracture risk was estimated from conditional logistic regression, with adjustment for skin type, fracture history, waist circumference, outdoor free play, neighborhood income, soda consumption, and child's birth weight...
April 28, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451031/barriers-to-postpartum-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study-of-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes
#10
Forough Rafii, Seyedeh Fatemeh Vasegh Rahimparvar, Neda Mehrdad, Afsaneh Keramat
INTRODUCTION: Risk of developing type 2 diabetes is increased in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Postpartum glycemic screening is recommended in women with recent GDM. But this screening rate is low and the reasons are unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Iranian women with recent GDM on barriers of postpartum screening for diabetes. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2016. Semi-structured interview was used for data collection...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449133/maternal-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-prospective-sibling-control-study
#11
Espen Moen Eilertsen, Line C Gjerde, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ragnhild E Ørstavik, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Camilla Stoltenberg, Nikolai Czajkowski, Espen Røysamb, Kenneth S Kendler, Eivind Ystrom
Background: Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy has repeatedly been associated with development of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring. It is, however not known whether this reflects a direct casual intra-uterine effect or a non-causal relationship due to confounding. We used three different approaches to control for measured and unmeasured confounding: statistical adjustment for covariates, negative control comparison against maternal pre-pregnancy alcohol use, and comparison among differentially exposed siblings...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441941/effect-of-previous-utilization-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-subsequent-utilization-of-a-state-led-public-private-partnership-scheme-chiranjeevi-yojana-to-promote-facility-births-in-gujarat-india
#12
Sandul Yasobant, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kranti Suresh Vora, Kristi Sidney Annerstedt, Petros Isaakidis, Nishith B Dholakia, Dileep V Mavalankar
BACKGROUND: In Gujarat, India, a state led public private partnership scheme to promote facility birth named Chiranjeevi Yojana (CY) was implemented in 2005. Institutional birth is provided free of cost at accredited private health facilities to women from socially disadvantaged groups (eligible women). CY has contributed in increasing facility birth and providing substantially subsidized (but not totally free) birth care; however, the retention of mothers in this scheme in subsequent child birth is unknown...
April 25, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433086/intergenerational-transmission-of-maternal-childhood-maltreatment-exposure-implications-for-fetal-brain-development
#13
REVIEW
Claudia Buss, Sonja Entringer, Nora K Moog, Philipp Toepfer, Damien A Fair, Hyagriv N Simhan, Christine M Heim, Pathik D Wadhwa
OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence suggests the deleterious consequences of exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) not only might endure over the exposed individual's lifespan but also might be transmitted across generations. The time windows, mechanisms, and targets of such intergenerational transmission are poorly understood. The prevailing paradigm posits that mother-to-child transmission of the effects of maternal CM likely occurs after her child's birth. The authors seek to extend this paradigm and advance a transdisciplinary framework that integrates the concepts of biological embedding of life experiences and fetal origins of health and disease risk...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429909/association-between-maternal-vitamin-d-status-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-cognitive-function-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#14
Sargoor R Veena, Ghattu V Krishnaveni, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Kotrangada P Thajna, Bhavya G Hegde, Catharine R Gale, Caroline Hd Fall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Animal studies have demonstrated poor cognitive outcomes in offspring in relation to maternal vitamin D deficiency before and/or during pregnancy. Human studies linking maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy with offspring cognitive function are limited. We aimed to test the hypothesis that lower maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy is associated with poor offspring cognitive ability in an Indian population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Cognitive function was assessed in children from the Mysore Parthenon birth cohort during childhood (age 9-10 years; n=468) and adolescence (age 13-14 years; n=472) using 3 core tests from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for children and additional tests measuring learning, long-term retrieval/ storage, short-term memory, reasoning, verbal fluency, visuo-spatial ability, and attention and concentration...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403368/women-s-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-and-urinary-and-anal-incontinence-after-childbirth-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Priscila Tavares Zizzi, Karina Fernandes Trevisan, Nathalie Leister, Camila da Silva Cruz, Maria Luiza Gonzalez Riesco
OBJECTIVE: To analyse pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) and urinary and anal incontinence (UI and AI) in the postpartum period. METHOD: Cross-sectional study carried out with women in their first seven months after child birth. Data were collected through interviews, perineometry (Peritron™), and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF). RESULTS: 128 women participated in the study. The PFMS mean was 33...
April 10, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390853/familial-hypercholesterolemia-in-childhood-and-adolescents-a-hidden-reality
#16
Núria Plana, Cèlia Rodríguez-Borjabad, Daiana Ibarretxe, Lluís Masana
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most common genetic disorder in childhood, but in most cases is not detected. High levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol are present since the child's birth and this fact will suppose silent development of early atherosclerosis. In cases of homozygous FH, the coronary disease will appear before 20s and in cases of heterozygous FH will occur in middle age. Despite published data, there is not agreement about how and when perform the screening. Familial history of early cardiovascular disease plus presence of hypercholesterolemia in parents is crucial for detection and diagnosis...
April 5, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384281/month-of-birth-and-level-of-insolation-as-risk-factors-for-multiple-sclerosis-in-poland
#17
Paweł Dobrakowski, Michał Bogocz, Kamil Cholewa, Mateusz Rajchel, Katarzyna Kapica-Topczewska, Sławomir Wawrzyniak, Halina Bartosik-Psujek, Alina Kułakowska, Dorota Koziarska, Monika Adamczyk-Sowa
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have shown that people born in the spring are at a higher risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). This may be associated with lower levels of sun exposure, and consequently, lower levels of vitamin D3 during pregnancy. However, these relationships have not been verified thus far in any countries in Central Europe. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the frequency distribution of births for each calendar month in patients suffering from MS in Poland...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369793/patterns-of-early-life-social-and-environmental-exposures-and-child-cognitive-development-rhea-birth-cohort-crete-greece
#18
Mariza Kampouri, Andriani Kyriklaki, Theano Roumeliotaki, Katerina Koutra, Despoina Anousaki, Katerina Sarri, Maria Vassilaki, Manolis Kogevinas, Leda Chatzi
Early-life exposures are critical for later child cognitive development. McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities (MSCA) were used to assess cognitive development of 700 preschoolers (Mage  = 4.2 years), derived from the "Rhea" birth cohort, in Greece. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied on prospectively collected exposure data. Six components were extracted; five of them were associated with child cognition. Higher parental social status, preschool attendance and less TV watching, nonsmoking during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and parental involvement in child life were protective factors of child cognition at 4 years...
March 28, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364843/children-with-disabilities-and-trajectories-of-parents-unsecured-debt-across-the-life-course
#19
Jason N Houle, Lawrence Berger
Prior research shows that having a child with a disability is economically burdensome for parents but we know little about whether this burden extends to unsecured debt. In this study, we examine the link between having a child with a disability that manifests between birth and age 4 and subsequent trajectories in unsecured household debt. We have three key findings. First, we find that having a child with an early-life disabling health condition is associated with a substantial increase in indebtedness in the years immediately following the child's birth, and that this association persists net of a range of potential confounders...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337738/does-birth-under-registration-reduce-childhood-immunization-evidence-from-the-dominican-republic
#20
Steve Brito, Ana Corbacho, Rene Osorio
The consequences of lacking birth certificates remain largely unexplored in the economic literature. We intend to fill this knowledge gap studying the effect of lacking birth certificates on immunization of children in the Dominican Republic. This is an interesting country because a significant number of children of Haitian descent face the consequences of lacking proper documentation. We use the distance to the civil registry office and the mother's document of identification as instrumental variables of the child's birth certificate...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
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