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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156965/keeping-the-child-in-focus-while-supporting-the-family-swedish-child-healthcare-nurses-experiences-of-encountering-families-where-child-maltreatment-is-present-or-suspected
#1
Madeleine Dahlbo, Liselotte Jakobsson, Pia Lundqvist
Child maltreatment can lead to acute and long-term consequences, and it is important that at-risk children are identified early. Child healthcare (CHC) nurses in Sweden are in a position to identify child maltreatment, as they follow children and their parents from the child's birth to school age. Therefore, the aim was to describe CHC nurses' experiences when encountering families in which child maltreatment was identified or suspected. Individual open interviews with eight CHC nurses were performed and analysed using a qualitative content analysis...
March 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099980/parent-reported-symptoms-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-is-associated-with-increased-behavioral-problems-at-2-years-of-age-the-canadian-healthy-infant-longitudinal-development-child-birth-cohort-study
#2
Sukhpreet K Tamana, Lisa Smithson, Amanda Lau, Jennifer Mariasine, Rochelle Young, Joyce Chikuma, Diana L Lefebvre, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears, Jacqueline Pei, Piush J Mandhane
Objectives: To examine the association between the age of onset and duration of parent-reported symptoms of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and behavioral problems at age two years. Methods: Parent-reported SDB symptoms were assessed quarterly between three months and two years among 583 Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Edmonton-site participants. Parent-reported SDB symptoms were clustered into phenotypes using group-based trajectory analysis based on age of onset and duration of symptoms...
November 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082725/upcoming-strategies-in-obstetrics-how-the-technology-of-clinical-audit-may-reduce-cesarean-birth
#3
Sara Paracchini, Bianca Masturzo, Domenico Tangolo, Enrica Roletti, Annalisa Piazzese, Rossella Attini, Alessandro Rolfo, Tullia Todros
BACKGROUND: The rate of cesarean delivery is currently increasing all over Europe. In Italy it reaches 38% of all child births. Therefore, it is important to identify the clinical and organizational variables that determine the appropriateness of elective cesarean delivery. With this aim we chose the technology of clinical audit, a process that promotes improvement in clinical practice through systematic review of clinical care in relation with explicit standards derived from scientific literature...
December 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072404/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-common-breast-cancer-risk-factors-in-northern-saudi-arabia
#4
Ali Ghannam Alrashidi, Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed, Kalaf Jaze Kalaf Alshammeri, Sami Awejan Alrashedi, Bassam Ahmed ALmutlaq, Fayez Nashi Motlaq Alshammari, Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Hamad Alshudayyid, Abdulrahman Ayed Jazza Alshammari, Fahad Mohammed Samran Anazi, Wasmiah Marzouq Alshammari, Hamdan Sulaiman Ayed Alshammari, Eid Fahad Habeeb Alshammari
Background: Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women around the world. The degree of adoption of a preventive lifestyle offers valuable information for planning appropriate intervention programs for improving women’s health. The objective of the present study was to assess the levels of breast cancer related knowledge among a Northern Saudi population. Methodology: In this cross sectional study, data were obtained from 566 Saudi volunteers living in the city of Hail, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
October 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023517/developmental-delay-in-the-amazon-the-social-determinants-and-prevalence-among-rural-communities-in-peru
#5
Christopher Westgard, Yossef Alnasser
The consequences of poor child development are becoming increasingly recognized. Programs are being put in place around the world to improve child development by providing healthy and stimulating environments for children. However, these programs often have limited reach and little is known about the prevalence of developmental delay in under-developed communities. The current study set-out to better understand the prevalence of developmental delay in rural communities in the Amazon region of Peru. Also, it explores social determinants that are associated with any delay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983951/development-of-a-cerebral-palsy-follow-up-registry-in-jordan-cpup-jordan
#6
N A Almasri, M Saleh, S Abu-Dahab, S H Malkawi, E Nordmark
AIMS: This study aims to describe the development of a Cerebral Palsy Follow-up Registry in Jordan (CPUP-Jordan) and to provide a baseline child and parent demographic information, birth history of the child participants, and distribution of the participants based on topographical distribution of cerebral palsy (CP) and functional classification systems. METHODS: The CPUP-Jordan was developed using a similar framework of a follow-up surveillance programme for persons with CP in Sweden (CPUP)...
October 6, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974320/the-mitigating-effects-of-maternal-social-support-and-paternal-involvement-on-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-violence
#7
Melissa Tracy, Madeleine Salo, Allison A Appleton
Childhood maltreatment is a strong risk factor for subsequent violence, including violent behaviors in young adulthood and offspring maltreatment after becoming a parent. Little is known about the specific circumstances under which supportive relationships may help disrupt this cycle of violence throughout the life course. We conducted two complementary analyses to assess whether maternal social support in early childhood, and also paternal involvement in middle childhood, could prevent the intergenerational transmission of violence, using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n=11,384)...
September 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925410/adiponectin-leptin-and-insulin-in-breast-milk-associations-with-maternal-characteristics-and-infant-body-composition-in-the-first-year-of-life
#8
D Chan, S Goruk, A B Becker, P Subbarao, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, D Lefebvre, M R Sears, C J Field, M B Azad
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding may protect against excessive weight gain during infancy. However, the breast milk components responsible for this effect are unknown. We examined the variation of three breast milk hormones (adiponectin, leptin and insulin) according to maternal characteristics and determined their association with infant body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We studied a representative subset of 430 breastfed infants in the CHILD birth cohort...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893722/parental-occupational-exposure-to-organic-solvents-and-testicular-germ-cell-tumors-in-their-offspring-nord-test-study
#9
Charlotte Le Cornet, Béatrice Fervers, Eero Pukkala, Tore Tynes, Maria Feychting, Johnni Hansen, Kayo Togawa, Karl-Christian Nordby, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Sanni Uuksulainen, Pernilla Wiebert, Torill Woldbæk, Niels E Skakkebæk, Ann Olsson, Joachim Schüz
BACKGROUND: Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) were suggested to have a prenatal environmentally related origin. The potential endocrine disrupting properties of certain solvents may interfere with the male genital development in utero. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the association between maternal and paternal occupational exposures to organic solvents during the prenatal period and TGCT risk in their offspring. METHODS: This registry-based case control study included TGCT cases aged 14-49 y (n=8,112) diagnosed from 1978 to 2012 in Finland, Norway, and Sweden...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888562/timing-and-chronicity-of-maternal-depression-symptoms-and-children-s-verbal-abilities
#10
Marilyn N Ahun, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Catherine M Herba, Mara Brendgen, Jean R Séguin, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté
OBJECTIVE: To test the associations between the timing and chronicity of maternal depression symptoms (MDS) and children's long-term verbal abilities. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 1073 mother-child pairs from a population-based birth cohort in Canada. MDS were assessed at ages 5 months, 1.5, 3.5, and 5 years using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Verbal abilities were measured at 5, 6, and 10 years using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882171/application-of-random-survival-forests-in-understanding-the-determinants-of-under-five-child-mortality-in-uganda-in-the-presence-of-covariates-that-satisfy-the-proportional-and-non-proportional-hazards-assumption
#11
Justine B Nasejje, Henry Mwambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda just like any other Sub-Saharan African country, has a high under-five child mortality rate. To inform policy on intervention strategies, sound statistical methods are required to critically identify factors strongly associated with under-five child mortality rates. The Cox proportional hazards model has been a common choice in analysing data to understand factors strongly associated with high child mortality rates taking age as the time-to-event variable. However, due to its restrictive proportional hazards (PH) assumption, some covariates of interest which do not satisfy the assumption are often excluded in the analysis to avoid mis-specifying the model...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882109/obstetric-care-providers-knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-towards-active-management-of-third-stage-of-labor-in-sidama-zone-south-ethiopia
#12
Zelalem Tenaw, Zemenu Yohannes, Abdela Amano
BACKGROUND: Active management of third stage of labor played a great role to prevent child birth related hemorrhage. However, maternal morbidity and mortality related to hemorrhage is high due to lack of knowledge and skill of obstetric care providers 'on active management of third stage of labor. Our study was aimed to assess knowledge, practice and associated factors of obstetric care providers (Midwives, Nurses and Health officers) on active management of third stage of labor in Sidama Zone, South Ethiopia...
September 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881463/a-family-based-study-of-carbon-monoxide-and-nitric-oxide-signalling-genes-and-preeclampsia
#13
Anna E Bauer, Christy L Avery, Min Shi, Clarice R Weinberg, Andrew F Olshan, Quaker E Harmon, Jingchun Luo, Jenny Yang, Tracy A Manuck, Michael C Wu, Nicholas Williams, Ralph McGinnis, Linda Morgan, Kari Klungsøyr, Lill Trogstad, Per Magnus, Stephanie M Engel
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is thought to originate during placentation, with incomplete remodelling and perfusion of the spiral arteries leading to reduced placental vascular capacity. Nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) are powerful vasodilators that play a role in the placental vascular system. Although family clustering of preeclampsia has been observed, the existing genetic literature is limited by a failure to consider both mother and child. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study within the Norwegian Mother and Child Birth Cohort of 1545 case-pairs and 995 control-pairs from 2540 validated dyads (2011 complete pairs, 529 missing mother or child genotype)...
September 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854718/single-fathers-by-choice-using-surrogacy-why-men-decide-to-have-a-child-as-a-single-parent
#14
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: Why do men decide to have a child by surrogacy as a single parent? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reasons included feeling that it was the right time (i.e. having 'worked through' concerns about single parenthood; career and financial stability; a fear of getting older; no longer wanting to wait for the 'right' relationship), external encouragement, a desire to reproduce and a fear of separation/divorce. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Because no research has been conducted on single fathers who used surrogacy, their characteristics, motivations and experiences are unknown...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832785/prevalence-of-physical-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-first-six-months-after-childbirth-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#15
Claudia Leite de Moraes, Aline Gaudard E Silva de Oliveira, Michael Eduardo Reichenheim, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Maria do Carmo Leal
The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of physical intimate partner violence in the first six months after childbirth among women attending primary care clinics (UBS) for the infant's follow-up in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This is the first study on the theme using a representative sample of primary care clinics in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The study used a cross-sectional design from June to September 2007 and included 927 mothers/infants seen at 27 UBS, selected by complex sampling, geographically representative of the city...
August 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802210/the-adoption-of-children-from-out-of-home-care-the-understandings-of-key-decision-makers-in-victoria-australia
#16
Anna Butlinski, Heather Rowe, Christopher Goddard, Nicholas Freezer
Adoption is one of a range of options that can provide children in out-of-home care with permanency when they are unable to be reunified with their birth parents. This paper reports on how the adoption of children from out-of-home care is understood by professionals involved in making decisions about the permanent placement of children in out-of-home care in Victoria, Australia, where adoption is rarely used. Data were collected through a single, face-to-face semi-structured interview with 21 professionals; eight child welfare specialists, eight adoption and permanent care specialists and five judicial officers...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789827/women-s-and-men-s-negative-experience-of-child-birth-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Astrid Nystedt, Ingegerd Hildingsson
BACKGROUND: A negative birth experience may influence both women and men and can limit their process of becoming a parent. AIMS: This study aimed to analyze and describe women's and men's perceptions and experiences of childbirth. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of women and their partners living in one Swedish county were recruited in mid pregnancy and followed up two months after birth. Women (n=928) and men (n=818) completed the same questionnaire that investigated new parents' birth experiences in relation to socio-demographic background and birth related variables...
August 5, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755649/tests-of-linear-and-nonlinear-relations-between-cumulative-contextual-risk-at-birth-and-psychosocial-problems-during-adolescence
#18
Gilbert R Parra, Gail L Smith, W Alex Mason, Jukka Savolainen, Mary B Chmelka, Jouko Miettunen, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
This study tested whether there are linear or nonlinear relations between prenatal/birth cumulative risk and psychosocial outcomes during adolescence. Participants (n = 6963) were taken from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort Study 1986. The majority of participants did not experience any contextual risk factors around the time of the target child's birth (58.1%). Even in this low-risk sample, cumulative contextual risk assessed around the time of birth was related to seven different psychosocial outcomes 16 years later...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746325/effect-of-maternal-socio-demographic-factors-and-child-feeding-practice-on-wasting-among-under-five-years-children-in-slum-area-of-rupandehi-district-in-nepal
#19
S Gautam, S Ruchal, B Timalsina, D Acharya, B Khadka, V Gautam, J K Singh
INTRODUCTION: Childhood wasting although well studied elsewhere, it has not been well understood about in slum area of Nepal. This study aimed to assess effect of socio-demographic factors and child feeding practice in the determination of wasting among the children under five years of age in slum area of Nepal. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was performed among 150 children under five years of age from the slum area of Nepal between 1st January and 28th February 2013 using simple random sampling techniques...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715709/parental-age-and-childhood-cancer-risk-a-danish-population-based-registry-study
#20
Zuelma A Contreras, Johnni Hansen, Beate Ritz, Jorn Olsen, Fei Yu, Julia E Heck
BACKGROUND: Though the association between parental age at child's birth and the risk of childhood cancer has been previously investigated, the evidence to date is inconclusive and scarce for rarer cancer types. METHODS: Cancer cases (N=5,856) were selected from all children born from 1968 to 2014 and diagnosed from 1968 to 2015 in Denmark at less than 16 years of age listed in the nationwide Danish Cancer Registry. Cases were individually matched to controls (1:100) on sex and year of birth with a total of 585,594 controls randomly sampled from all live births in Denmark from the Danish Central Population Registry...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
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