keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

born

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732336/using-machine-learning-to-identify-air-pollution-exposure-profiles-associated-with-early-cognitive-skills-among-u-s-children
#1
Jeanette A Stingone, Om P Pandey, Luz Claudio, Gaurav Pandey
Data-driven machine learning methods present an opportunity to simultaneously assess the impact of multiple air pollutants on health outcomes. The goal of this study was to apply a two-stage, data-driven approach to identify associations between air pollutant exposure profiles and children's cognitive skills. Data from 6900 children enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort, a national study of children born in 2001 and followed through kindergarten, were linked to estimated concentrations of 104 ambient air toxics in the 2002 National Air Toxics Assessment using ZIP code of residence at age 9 months...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732085/point-of-care-screening-for-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-pregnant-women-at-an-antenatal-clinic-a-south-african-experience
#2
Nafiisah Chotun, Wolfgang Preiser, Christoffel Johannes van Rensburg, Pedro Fernandez, Gerhard Barnard Theron, Dieter Glebe, Monique Ingrid Andersson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Elimination of HIV and syphilis mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) has received much attention but little consideration has been given to the possibility of elimination of HBV MTCT. In sub-Saharan Africa, HBV vertical transmission continues to be reported and it remains an important public health problem. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of screening pregnant women for HBV using a point-of-care (POC) test and implementing interventions to prevent HBV MTCT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732072/placental-peptides-metabolism-and-maternal-factors-as-predictors-of-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-in-pregnant-women-a-case-control-study
#3
Robert Amadu Ngala, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Peter Gmagna, Frank Naku Ghartey, Martin Akilla Awe
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a risk factor for perinatal complications; include shoulder dystocia, birth injuries such as bone fractures and nerve palsies. It is associated with later development of type 2 diabetes, the risk of macrosomia and other long-term health effects of infants born to diabetic mothers. The study assesses placental peptides and maternal factors as potential predictors of gestational diabetes among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 200 pregnant women were recruited for the study, 150 pregnant women without pre gestational diabetes including 50 women with low risk factors of diabetes as controls and 50 other pregnant women with pregestational diabetes as control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732003/-diffuse-type-of-gastric-cancer-adenocarcinoma-in-10-years-old-boy-report-of-a-case
#4
Nery Romero, Ingrid Zegarra, Hugo Delgado
We report a rare case of diffuse type of gastric cancer with signet ring cells in 10 years old boy who was admitted with a 12 months history with weight loss, dysphagia to solids first and to liquids later, anorexia, fatigue, dizziness, vomiting and later, with pain in the left upper quadrant. On examination, he appeared pale, malnourished, with café-au- lait spots over the trunk and extremities. Laboratory tests showed; Hb 7.5 g, albumin 2.62 g, Thevenon positive on stools. Abdominal ultrasound examination showed periaortic masses and diffuse space occupying lesions in the liver...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731931/renal-function-and-its-association-with-blood-pressure-in-middle-eastern-immigrants-and-native-swedes
#5
Christopher Nilsson, Anders Christensson, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
BACKGROUND: Iraqi-born immigrants residing in Sweden are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, obesity and hyperlipidemia compared with native Swedes. Paradoxically, hypertension is less prevalent in this immigrant population. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in renal function and further if differences in blood pressure (BP) levels were associated with differences across ethnicities in renal function as a possible explanation to the paradox. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study of men and women, born in Iraq or Sweden, aged 30-75 years was conducted in Malmö, Sweden, from 2010 to 2012...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731930/early-life-exposure-to-chinese-famine-modifies-the-association-between-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease
#6
Zumin Shi, Stephen J Nicholls, Anne W Taylor, Dianna J Magliano, Sarah Appleton, Paul Zimmet
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that famine exposure during early life may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, and diabetes during adulthood. We aimed to assess whether exposure to the Chinese famine (1959-1961) modifies the association between hypertension and CVD. METHODS: We investigated data of 5772 adults born between 1954 and 1964 from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. CVD was based on self-reported doctor's diagnosis of heart problems (heart attack, coronary heart disease, angina, congestive heart failure, or other heart problems) and stroke...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731896/freehand-versus-guided-surgery-factors-influencing-accuracy-of-dental-implant-placement
#7
William Choi, Bao-Chau Nguyen, Andrew Doan, Sabine Girod, Brice Gaudilliere, Dyani Gaudilliere
INTRODUCTION: Patient anatomy, practitioner experience, and surgical approach are all factors that influence implant accuracy. However, the relative importance of each factor is poorly understood. The present study aimed to identify which factors most critically determine implant accuracy to aid the practitioner in case selection for guided versus freehand surgery. METHODS: One practitioner's ideal implant angulation and position was compared with his achieved position radiographically for 450 implants placed using a conventional freehand method...
August 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731869/individual-and-population-level-impacts-of-traumatic-brain-injury-and-maternal-characteristics-on-subsequent-offending-behavior
#8
Handan Wand, Melanie Simpson, Eva Malacova, Peter W Schofield, David B Preen, Robyn Tate, Tony Butler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the individual- and population-level impact of a combination of factors, including traumatic brain injury (TBI) and certain maternal characteristics, on subsequent criminal conviction. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective record linkage study involving a cohort of 30 599 individuals born between 1980 and 1985, with ratio of 1 (with TBI): 3 (no TBI), matched by sex and the year of birth. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Cox proportional hazard regression models and population attributable risk percentages (PAR%) were used to assess the contribution of TBI and other risk factors on subsequent criminal convictions...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731751/inferences-about-supernova-physics-from-gravitational-wave-measurements-gw151226-spin-misalignment-as-an-indicator-of-strong-black-hole-natal-kicks
#9
Richard O'Shaughnessy, Davide Gerosa, Daniel Wysocki
The inferred parameters of the binary black hole GW151226 are consistent with nonzero spin for the most massive black hole, misaligned from the binary's orbital angular momentum. If the black holes formed through isolated binary evolution from an initially aligned binary star, this misalignment would then arise from a natal kick imparted to the first-born black hole at its birth during stellar collapse. We use simple kinematic arguments to constrain the characteristic magnitude of this kick, and find that a natal kick v_{k}≳50  km/s must be imparted to the black hole at birth to produce misalignments consistent with GW151226...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731744/quantum-zeno-suppression-of-intramolecular-forces
#10
S Wüster
We show that Born-Oppenheimer surfaces can intrinsically decohere, implying loss of coherence among constituent electronic basis states. We consider the example of interatomic forces due to resonant dipole-dipole interactions within a dimer of highly excited Rydberg atoms, embedded in an ultracold gas. These forces rely on a coherent superposition of two-atom electronic states, which is destroyed by continuous monitoring of the dimer state through a detection scheme utilizing the background gas atoms. We show that this intrinsic decoherence of the molecular energy surface can gradually deteriorate a repulsive dimer state, causing a mixing of attractive and repulsive character...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731743/nonadiabatic-kohn-anomaly-in-heavily-boron-doped-diamond
#11
Fabio Caruso, Moritz Hoesch, Philipp Achatz, Jorge Serrano, Michael Krisch, Etienne Bustarret, Feliciano Giustino
We report evidence of a nonadiabatic Kohn anomaly in boron-doped diamond, using a joint theoretical and experimental analysis of the phonon dispersion relations. We demonstrate that standard calculations of phonons using density-functional perturbation theory are unable to reproduce the dispersion relations of the high-energy phonons measured by high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering. On the contrary, by taking into account nonadiabatic effects within a many-body field-theoretic framework, we obtain excellent agreement with our experimental data...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731592/arginase-activity-of-leishmania-isolated-from-patients-with-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#12
Alireza Badirzadeh, Tahereh Taheri, Fatemeh Abedi-Astaneh, Yasaman Taslimi, Zahra Abdossamadi, Hossein Montakhab-Yeganeh, Maryam Aghashahi, Maryam Niyyati, Sima Rafati
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the most important vector-borne parasitic diseases, highly endemic in Iran, and its prevalence is increasing all over the country. Arginase (ARG) activity in isolated Leishmania parasites from CL patients is yet to be explored. This study aimed to compare the ARG activity of isolated Leishmania promastigotes from CL patients with a standard strain of L. major and its influences on the disease pathogenesis. We recruited 16 confirmed CL patients from Qom province, in central Iran; after detection of Leishmania species using PCR-RFLP, we assessed the levels of ARG in the isolated promastigotes and determined the parasites' growth rate...
July 21, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731511/hypothermia-at-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-admission-was-not-associated-with-respiratory-disease-or-death-in-very-preterm-infants
#13
C F Jensen, F Ebbesen, J P Petersen, A Sellmer, C C Bach, T B Henriksen
AIM: This study investigated the association between hypothermia and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death in very preterm infants admitted to a Danish neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: We studied 675 infants born at Aalborg University Hospital before 32 weeks and admitted to the NICU from April 1997 to December 2011. Hypothermia was defined as a core temperature of less than 36.5°C on admission. The primary outcome was severe RDS or death within the first three days of life and the secondary outcome was BPD or death before 36 postmenstrual weeks...
July 21, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730615/vulvar-cancer-in-high-income-countries-increasing-burden-of-disease
#14
Yoon-Jung Kang, Megan Smith, Ellen Barlow, Kate Coffey, Neville Hacker, Karen Canfell
The aim of this study was to assess trends in the age-specific incidence of vulvar cancer in 13 high-income countries satisfying a priori conditions regarding the availability of cancer registry data over a 20 year period; these were Canada, USA, 9 European countries, Australia and Japan. Five-yearly incidence and population at risk were obtained from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents for the years 1988-1992 (Volume 7) to 2003-2007 (Volume 10). The 5-yearly average percent change (AvPC) over the 20-year period and standardised rate ratios (SRRs) for 2003-2007 vs...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730559/fathers-know-best-inner-city-african-american-fathers-perceptions-regarding-their-involvement-in-the-pediatric-medical-home
#15
Orville Newton-Ray Bignall, Whitney J Raglin Bignall, Lisa M Vaughn, Ndidi I Unaka
OBJECTIVE: Despite nearly three in four African American (AA) children being born to unwed mothers, AA fathers maintain relatively high levels of parenting engagement, whether or not they live with their children. While father involvement correlates with decreased adverse child health outcomes, the nature of AA father involvement in child health-including engagement in the pediatric medical home-remains largely unexplored. Our study aimed to assess perceptions of pediatric medical home participation among a cohort of urban, AA fathers...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730518/the-case-for-enrolling-high-cost-patients-in-an-aco
#16
Abraham Graber, Shane Carter, Asha Bhandary, Matthew Rizzo
Though accountable care organizations (ACOs) are increasingly important to American healthcare, ethical inquiry into ACOs remains in its nascent stages. Several articles have raised the concern that ACOs have an incentive to avoid enrolling high-cost patients and, thereby, have an incentive to deny care to those who need it the most. This concern is borne out by the reports of consultants working with newly formed ACOs. This paper argues that, contra initial appearances, there is no financial incentive for ACOs to avoid enrolling high-cost patients...
July 20, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730366/to-coil-or-not-to-coil-application-practices-perception-and-efficacy-of-mosquito-coils-in-a-malaria-endemic-community-in-ghana
#17
Silas W Avicor, Mustafa F F Wajidi, Ebenezer O Owusu
Although evidence of mosquito coils' impact on disease epidemiology is limited, they are popularized as mosquito-borne disease prevention devices. Their usage affects the environment, human and mosquito health. This study investigated the perception, usage pattern and efficacy of coils in a predominantly poor malaria-endemic Ghanaian peri-urban area. Information on protection methods, perception and usage pattern was garnered using questionnaires. The efficacy of commonly used coils in the area was then assessed on the malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae, in a glass chamber...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730329/an-evaluation-of-the-addition-of-critical-congenital-heart-defect-screening-in-georgia-newborn-screening-procedures
#18
Shelby T Rentmeester, Johanna Pringle, Carol R Hogue
Objectives Each year in the U.S., approximately 7200 infants are born with a critical congenital heart defect (CCHD). The Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) mandated routine screening for CCHD starting January 2015. The current study evaluated hospital performance of the mandated CCHD screenings in Georgia. Methods Utilizing the DPH newborn screening surveillance system, data from 6 months before and after the mandate were analyzed for reports submitted and positive CCHD screening results. Chi square tests of independence were performed to examine the association between reporting of results for CCHD screening after the mandate and hospital nursery level [level I (well-baby/newborn); level II (special care); level III (neonatal intensive care unit-NICU)] and NICU submissions...
July 20, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730326/infectious-diseases-causing-autonomic-dysfunction
#19
REVIEW
Francisco Javier Carod Artal
OBJECTIVES: To review infectious diseases that may cause autonomic dysfunction. METHODS: Review of published papers indexed in medline/embase. RESULTS: Autonomic dysfunction has been reported in retrovirus (human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus), herpes viruses, flavivirus, enterovirus 71 and lyssavirus infections. Autonomic dysfunction is relatively common in HIV-infected patients and heart rate variability is reduced even in early stages of infection...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729891/vibrational-excitation-of-h2-scattering-from-cu-111-effects-of-surface-temperature-and-of-allowing-energy-exchange-with-the-surface
#20
Geert-Jan Kroes, J I Juaristi, M Alducin
In scattering of H2 from Cu(111), vibrational excitation has so far defied an accurate theoretical description. To expose the causes of the large discrepancies with experiment, we investigate how the feature due to vibrational excitation (the "gain peak") in the simulated time-of-flight spectrum of (v = 1, j = 3) H2 scattering from Cu(111) depends on the surface temperature (Ts) and the possibility of energy exchange with surface phonons and electron-hole pairs (ehp's). Quasi-classical dynamics calculations are performed on the basis of accurate semiempirical density functionals for the interaction with H2 + Cu(111)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and Interfaces
keyword
keyword
105147
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"