keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Meredith

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719636/the-non-diuretic-hypotensive-effects-of-thiazides-are-enhanced-during-volume-depletion-states
#1
Saeed Alshahrani, Robert M Rapoport, Kamyar Zahedi, Min Jiang, Michelle Nieman, Sharon Barone, Andrea L Meredith, John N Lorenz, Jack Rubinstein, Manoocher Soleimani
Thiazide derivatives including Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) represent the most common treatment of mild to moderate hypertension. Thiazides initially enhance diuresis via inhibition of the kidney Na+-Cl- Cotransporter (NCC). However, chronic volume depletion and diuresis are minimal while lowered blood pressure (BP) is maintained on thiazides. Thus, a vasodilator action of thiazides is proposed, likely via Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels in vascular smooth muscles. This study ascertains the role of volume depletion induced by salt restriction or salt wasting in NCC KO mice on the non-diuretic hypotensive action of HCTZ...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719232/long-term-outcomes-of-a-multidisciplinary-weight-management-intervention-for-youth-with-disabilities
#2
Ashleigh A Pona, Meredith L Dreyer Gillette, Cathleen Odar Stough, Janelle K Gerling, Brooke R Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Youth with disabilities are at increased risk for obesity compared with their typically developing peers and face unique barriers to healthy lifestyles. A limited number of weight management programs have been specifically tailored to accommodate youth with disabilities, and outcomes research in this population is scarce. We investigated the effectiveness of a specialized multidisciplinary weight management program for children with disabilities. METHODS: Youth (N = 115) ages 2-18 years (mean age = 10...
July 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718716/estimating-the-number-of-adults-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-who-have-complex-multi-agency-needs
#3
Harvey Whiteford, Bill Buckingham, Meredith Harris, Sandra Diminic, Emily Stockings, Louisa Degenhardt
OBJECTIVE: A population health approach to mental health service planning requires estimates that align interventions with the needs of people with mental illness. The primary objective was to estimate the number of people in Australia living with severe and persistent mental illness who have complex, multi-agency needs. The secondary objective was to describe the possible service needs of individuals with severe mental illness. METHODS: We disaggregated the estimated 12-month prevalence of adults with severe mental illness into needs-based sub-groups, using multiple data sources...
August 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718180/changing-face-of-invasive-diagnostic-testing-in-the-era-of-cell-free-dna
#4
Zainab Al-Ibraheemi, Barak Rosenn, Natalie Porat, Dyese Taylor, Meredith Kalberer, Zoe Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716367/redefining-essential-fatty-acids-in-the-era-of-novel-intravenous-lipid-emulsions
#5
REVIEW
Lorenzo Anez-Bustillos, Duy T Dao, Gillian L Fell, Meredith A Baker, Kathleen M Gura, Bruce R Bistrian, Mark Puder
The essentiality of fatty acids was determined by the Burrs in the 1920s. It is commonly accepted that provision of linoleic (LA) and alpha-linolenic acids (ALA) prevents and reverses essential fatty acid deficiency (EFAD). Development of alternative injectable lipid emulsions (ILE) low in LA and ALA has raised concern about their ability to prevent EFAD. This review provides biochemical evidence coupled with observations from animal and human studies that aim to characterize which fatty acids are truly essential to prevent EFAD...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716321/contemporary-evaluation-and-treatment-of-poststroke-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#6
REVIEW
Zachary Panfili, Meredith Metcalf, Tomas L Griebling
Stroke is an extremely common clinical entity, and poststroke incontinence is a major cause of morbidity for stroke survivors. Although patients can experience a wide variety of lower urinary tract symptoms, detrusor overactivity is among the most common clinical findings following stroke. All forms of lower urinary tract symptoms can negatively impact physical and psychosocial function for affected patients and their caregivers and loved ones. Careful evaluation is critical for successful management. Treatment is tailored to the goals and needs of each individual patient...
August 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716309/arginine-vasopressin-copeptin-and-the-development-of-relative-avp-deficiency-in-hemorrhagic-shock
#7
Carrie A Sims, Yuxia Guan, Meredith Bergey, Rebecca Jaffe, Lilias Holmes-Maguire, Niels Martin, Patrick Reilly
BACKGROUND: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is critical for maintaining vasomotor tone and low levels have been associated with the development of irreversible shock. We investigated the clinical relationship between AVP, copeptin (the C-terminal fragment of the AVP precursor), and the development of relative AVP deficiency following hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: A prospective, observational study of 21 hypotensive (SBP<90 mmHg X 2) or presumptively bleeding trauma patients was conducted...
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711007/carbon-dynamics-in-a-late-quaternary-age-coastal-limestone-aquifer-system-undergoing-saltwater-intrusion
#8
Eliza Bryan, Karina T Meredith, Andy Baker, Martin S Andersen, Vincent E A Post
This study investigates the inorganic and organic aspects of the carbon cycle in groundwaters throughout the freshwater lens and transition zone of a carbonate island aquifer and identifies the transformation of carbon throughout the system. We determined (14)C and (13)C carbon isotope values for both DIC and DOC in groundwaters, and investigated the composition of DOC throughout the aquifer. In combination with hydrochemical and (3)H measurements, the chemical evolution of groundwaters was then traced from the unsaturated zone to the deeper saline zone...
July 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707709/a-period-prevalence-study-of-being-a-parent-in-a-secure-psychiatric-hospital-and-a-description-of-the-parents-the-children-and-the-impact-of-admission-on-parent-child-contact
#9
Sarah Elizabeth Argent, Laura Riddleston, Jodie Warr, Hannah Tippetts, Zoe Meredith, Pamela Jane Taylor
BACKGROUND: Most secure psychiatric hospital patients are of childbearing age, but their parental status is minimally researched. AIM: The aim of the study is to describe the parent patients in one regional secure hospital and explore post-admission child-parent contact. METHODS: A 9-year records survey of a complete secure hospital admissions cohort was conducted. RESULTS: Nearly half of the cohort of 165 patients (46%) were parents...
July 14, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707410/treatment-of-an-acquired-factor-xiii-inhibitor-in-an-adolescent-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-renal-failure
#10
Cara A Rabik, Meredith A Atkinson, Sangeeta Sule, John J Strouse
BACKGROUND: Factor (F)XIII deficiency is a rare inherited bleeding disorder, but can also be acquired due to the development of inhibitors. CASE REPORT: A 17-year-old female with systemic lupus erythematosus and end-stage kidney disease secondary to Class IV lupus nephritis developed spontaneous subcutaneous and muscular hematomas and delayed major bleeding after invasive procedures. She had abnormal kaolin thromboelastography (kTEG; decreased maximal amplitude, representative of clot strength) initially attributed to thrombocytopenia and uremic platelet dysfunction, but her FXIII activity was undetectable, and a high-titer antibody against FXIII was identified...
July 13, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706091/predict-cp-study-protocol-of-implementation-of-comprehensive-surveillance-to-predict-outcomes-for-school-aged-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
Roslyn N Boyd, Peter Sw Davies, Jenny Ziviani, Stewart Trost, Lee Barber, Robert Ware, Stephen Rose, Koa Whittingham, Leanne Sakzewski, Kristie Bell, Christopher Carty, Steven Obst, Katherine Benfer, Sarah Reedman, Priya Edwards, Megan Kentish, Lisa Copeland, Kelly Weir, Camilla Davenport, Denise Brooks, Alan Coulthard, Rebecca Pelekanos, Andrea Guzzetta, Simona Fiori, Meredith Wynter, Christine Finn, Andrea Burgess, Kym Morris, John Walsh, Owen Lloyd, Jennifer A Whitty, Paul A Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral palsy (CP) remains the world's most common childhood physical disability with total annual costs of care and lost well-being of $A3.87b. The PREDICT-CP (NHMRC 1077257 Partnership Project: Comprehensive surveillance to PREDICT outcomes for school age children with CP) study will investigate the influence of brain structure, body composition, dietary intake, oropharyngeal function, habitual physical activity, musculoskeletal development (hip status, bone health) and muscle performance on motor attainment, cognition, executive function, communication, participation, quality of life and related health resource use costs...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706020/a-trans-atlantic-transparency-gap-on-animal-experiments
#12
Meredith Wadman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704419/a-pilot-feeding-study-for-adults-with-asthma-the-healthy-eating-better-breathing-trial
#13
Emily P Brigham, Elizabeth C Matsui, Lawrence J Appel, Deborah A Bull, Jean Curtin-Brosnan, Shuyan Zhai, Karen White, Jeanne B Charleston, Nadia N Hansel, Gregory B Diette, Meredith C McCormack
RATIONALE: Evidence from observational studies and to a lesser extent clinical trials suggest that a healthy diet may improve symptoms and lung function in patients with asthma. We conducted a pilot study to determine the feasibility of conducting a larger scale dietary trial and to provide preliminary evidence on the impact of a healthy diet on asthma outcomes. METHODS: In a randomized, two period cross-over trial, participants with asthma received a 4-week dietary intervention followed by a usual diet (or vice versa), separated by a 4-week washout...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703949/psychotherapy-alone-and-combined-with-medication-as-treatments-for-bipolar-ii-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Holly A Swartz, Paola Rucci, Michael E Thase, Meredith Wallace, Elisa Carretta, Karen L Celedonia, Ellen Frank
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar II disorder (BP-II) is associated with marked morbidity and mortality. Quetiapine, the treatment with greatest evidence for efficacy in BP-II depression, is associated with metabolic burden. Psychotherapy, a treatment with few side effects, has not been systematically evaluated in BP-II. This study compared psychotherapy plus placebo to psychotherapy plus pharmacotherapy as treatments for BP-II depression. METHODS: From 2010 to 2015, unmedicated adults (n = 92) with DSM-IV-TR BP-II depression were randomly assigned to weekly sessions of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT) plus placebo or IPSRT plus quetiapine and followed for 20 weeks...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699939/implementing-acove-quality-indicators-as-an-intervention-checklist-to-improve-care-for-hospitalized-older-adults
#15
Liron Sinvani, Andrzej Kozikowski, Christopher Smilios, Vidhi Patel, Guang Qiu, Meredith Akerman, Martin Lesser, David Rosenberg, Gisele Wolf-Klein, Renee Pekmezaris
BACKGROUND: Medicare patients account for approximately 50% of hospital days. Hospitalization in older adults often results in poor outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility and impact of using Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders (ACOVE) quality indicators (QIs) as a therapeutic intervention to improve care of hospitalized older adults. DESIGN: >Post-test only prospective intervention with a nonequivalent retrospective control group...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697947/synaptic-distribution-and-plasticity-in-primary-auditory-cortex-a1-exhibits-laminar-and-cell-specific-changes-in-the-deaf
#16
H Ruth Clemo, Stephen G Lomber, M Alex Meredith
The processing sequence through primary auditory cortex (A1) is impaired by deafness as evidenced by reduced neuronal activation in A1 of cochlear-implanted deaf cats. Such a loss of neuronal excitation should be manifest as changes in excitatory synaptic number and/or size, for which the post-synaptic correlate is the dendritic spine. Therefore, the present study sought evidence for this functional disruption using Golgi-Cox/light microscopic techniques that examined spine-bearing neurons and their dendritic spine features across all laminae in A1 of early-deaf (ototoxic lesion <1 month; raised into adulthood >16 months) and hearing cats...
July 1, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697684/what-is-the-accuracy-of-an-early-third-trimester-sonogram-for-identifying-lga-infants-born-to-gdm-patients-diagnosed-with-the-one-step-approach
#17
Kelsey J Simpson, Meredith Pavicic, Gene T Lee
PURPOSE: The one-step approach for screening of GDM will increase the incidence 2- to 3-fold. These larger cohorts may need to target high-morbidity subsets to be cost-effective. We asked whether ultrasound could stratify the GDM patients with the highest risk for a large for gestational age (LGA) infant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 413 GDM patients diagnosed using the one-step approach. Ultrasound data from 28 weeks 0 day to 34 weeks 6 days was studied...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697108/economic-evaluation-of-adjunctive-azithromycin-prophylaxis-for-cesarean-delivery
#18
Lorie M Harper, Meredith Kilgore, Jeff M Szychowski, William W Andrews, Alan T N Tita
OBJECTIVE: To compare the costs associated with adjunctive azithromycin compared with standard cefazolin antibiotic prophylaxis alone for unscheduled and scheduled cesarean deliveries. METHODS: A decision analytic model was created to compare cefazolin alone with azithromycin plus cefazolin. Published incidences of surgical site infection after cesarean delivery were used to estimate the baseline incidence of surgical site infection in scheduled and unscheduled cesarean delivery using standard antibiotic prophylaxis...
July 7, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696909/increasing-service-user-participation-in-local-planning-a-how-to-manual-for-macro-practitioners
#19
Meredith Metcalf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696504/association-of-mycn-copy-number-with-clinical-features-tumor-biology-and-outcomes-in-neuroblastoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#20
Kevin Campbell, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Meegan Mann, Arlene H Naranjo, Collin Van Ryn, Rochelle Bagatell, Katherine K Matthay, Wendy B London, Meredith S Irwin, Hiroyuki Shimada, M Meaghan Granger, Michael D Hogarty, Julie R Park, Steven G DuBois
BACKGROUND: High-level MYCN amplification (MNA) is associated with poor outcome and unfavorable clinical and biological features in patients with neuroblastoma. To the authors' knowledge, less is known regarding these associations in patients with low-level MYCN copy number increases. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the authors classified patients has having tumors with MYCN wild-type tumors, MYCN gain (2-4-fold increase in MYCN signal compared with the reference probe), or MNA (>4-fold increase)...
July 11, 2017: Cancer
keyword
keyword
105146
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"