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euthyroid sick syndrome

Qin Shu-Lan, He Chun-Yan, He Qi, Chen Juan, Jiang Cheng-Fang, Young Charlotte Aimee, Sheng Xia, Li Zhi-Hong, Xiong Long-Xin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is often accompanied by increased oxidative stress and euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS). The cause of ESS is unknown, and it is unknown whether there exists a link between oxidant stress and ESS in CRF patients. Therefore, we aim to investigate oxidative stress and type 1 deiodinase (DIO1) expression, which plays the key role in the ESS in CRF patients. METHODS: In-patients with CRF were divided into the two group: Group 1 is ESS patients consisting of 60 patients with low free triiodothyronine (FT3) and Group 2 consisting of 60 patients with normal FT3...
June 7, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Ali Duyu, Elvan Çağlar Çıtak, Erdem Ak, Serhan Kupeli, Begül Yağcı Küpeli, İbrahim Bayram, Gülay Sezgin, Gülçin Eskendari, Kerem Sezer
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the frequency of euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) among patients with childhood cancer and its association with the stage of disease, nutritional parameters and cytokines levels. METHODS: Eighty newly diagnosed children were included into study. ESS was diagnosed in two different ways:Criteria 1; fT3 was below the lower limit, fT4 was within the normal or low limits, TSH was in normal range and in criteria 2 all the levels were same as criteria 1 but moreover rT3 was performed and was higher than normal limits...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Robert Krysiak, Agnieszka Kędzia, Karolina Kowalcze, Bogusław Okopień
Despite absence of thyroid disease, patients with non-thyroidal illness frequently have changes in serum thyroid hormone measurements that may suggest thyroid dysfunction. These abnormalities include low serum triiodothyronine, high reverse triiodothyronine and usually normal or inappropriately low thyrotropin and thyroxine levels. The degree of thyroid function impairment correlates with disease severity and low levels of thyroid hormones, particularly thyroxine, predict a poor prognosis. Considerable controversy exists on whether the fall in thyroid hormone levels is adaptive and simply a normal, physiologic response to conserve energy, or whether it is maladaptive and requires treatment...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Hend H Abd-Elnabi, Mohamed A El-Gamasy, Maher A Abd-Elhafez
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory disease affects any organ of the body, including the thyroid gland. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism have been found in SLE patients more frequently than general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of autoimmune thyroid dysfunctions in juvenile SLE and its relation to disease activity and duration. A prospective case-control study was carried on 40 children with juvenile SLE and 30 healthy as controls, all were subjected to measurement of serum TSH, Free T3, Free T4 and anti-TG by ELISA...
June 2016: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
K V S Hari Kumar, A K Pawah, Manish Manrai
BACKGROUND: Liver dysfunction leads to endocrine disturbance due to the alteration in protein metabolism or synthesis. We studied the presence of occult endocrine dysfunction in liver cirrhosis and compared the same with underlying etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated thirty patients with liver cirrhosis in this cross-sectional, observational study. All subjects were assessed for pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, and gonadal function. The patients were divided into Group 1 (cirrhosis, n = 30) and Group 2 (controls, n = 15) and the data were analyzed with appropriate statistical tests...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Homeira Rashidi, Seyed Bahman Ghaderian, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Forogh Hoseini
The aim of current study was to evaluate the function of thyroid during diabetic acidosis, just after the treatment and two weeks after the treatment. This was the analytic study. The study subjects included 20 patients, aged 18-36 years old, with type1 diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis. All subjects were evaluated for thyroid function tests such as triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), T3 resin uptake (T3RU), free T3 (FT3), free T4 (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), before treatment. After completing DKA treatment and two weeks after discharge, the thyroid function tests were repeated on the subjects and the results were analyzed using paired T-test, ANOVA or repeated measure and Pearson correlation tests...
November 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Fábio V G Campanha, Denise Perone, Dijon H S de Campos, Renata de A M Luvizotto, Maria T De Síbio, Miriane de Oliveira, Regiane M C Olimpio, Fernanda C F Moretto, Carlos R Padovani, Gláucia M F S Mazeto, Antonio C Cicogna, Célia R Nogueira
Objective: The current study was aimed at analyzing sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (Serca2) and ryanodine receptor type 2 (Ryr2) gene expression in rats subjected to surgery that induced HF and were subsequently treated with T4 using physiological doses. Materials and methods: HF was induced in 18 male Wistar rats by clipping the ascending thoracic aorta to generate aortic stenosis (HFS group), while the control group (9-sham) underwent thoracotomy. After 21 weeks, the HFS group was subdivided into two subgroups...
November 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Olusoji Mayowa Ige, Kehinde Sola Akinlade, Sheu Kadiri Rahamon, Victory Fabian Edem, Olatunbosun Ganiyu Arinola
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are known to cause abnormal thyroid function. There is little information on whether HIV infection aggravates alteration of thyroid function in patients with MDR-TB. OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to determine if HIV co-infection alters serum levels of thyroid hormones (T3, T4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in patients with MDR-TB patients and to find out the frequency of subclinical thyroid dysfunction before the commencement of MDR-TB therapy...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Sun Lee, Alan P Farwell
In this review, we discuss the characteristics, pathophysiology, and therapeutic implications of the euthyroid sick syndrome. Multiple mechanisms have been identified to contribute to the development of euthyroid sick syndrome, including alterations in the iodothyronine deiodinases, thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion, thyroid hormone binding to plasma protein, transport of thyroid hormone in peripheral tissues, and thyroid hormone receptor activity. The euthyroid sick syndrome appears to be a complex mix of physiologic adaptation and pathologic response to acute illness...
March 15, 2016: Comprehensive Physiology
Baris Afsar, Mahmut Ilker Yilmaz, Dimitrie Siriopol, Hilmi Umut Unal, Mutlu Saglam, Murat Karaman, Mustafa Gezer, Alper Sonmez, Tayfun Eyileten, Ibrahim Aydin, Salih Hamcan, Yusuf Oguz, Adrian Covic, Mehmet Kanbay
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Abnormalities of thyroid function are commonly seen in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. They are associated with adverse clinical conditions such as atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction, inflammation and abnormal blood pressure variability. We investigated the association between thyroid disorders and endothelial function, assessed by flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and cardiovascular events (CVE) in CKD patients...
April 2017: Journal of Nephrology
K V S Hari Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Faiz M H Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disorders are common conditions leading to significant morbidity and mortality in the population. Occult endocrine disorders also contribute to the morbidity and we studied the prevalence of endocrine dysfunction in patients of cerebrovascular accident (CVA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 30 patients of CVA (aged 18-75, admission within 72 h of symptoms and positive neuroimaging) in this prospective, observational study. All subjects were assessed clinically and biochemically for hormonal dysfunction at admission and for mortality at the end of 1 month...
January 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
M Mitkov, P Nyagolova, M Orbetzova
UNLABELLED: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of the main hormonal and metabolic abnormalities in PCOS with different levels of TSH in the limits of its reference values. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 70 women with PCOS aged 16 to 39 years and BMI between 18.3 and 39.5 kg/m2 and a control group of 22 clinically healthy women, corresponding to age and BMI. In all of the participating women fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, TSH, FT4, TPO-Ab and Tg-Ab, LH, FSH, estradiol, Androstenedione, testosterone, SHBG, DHEA-S, prolactin, 17-hydroxyprogesterone were assessed...
2015: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Neera Sharma, Lokesh Kumar Sharma, Deep Dutta, Adesh Kisanji Gadpayle, Atul Anand, Kumar Gaurav, Sabyasachi Mukherjee, Rahul Bansal
Background. Predictors of thyroid dysfunction in HIV are not well determined. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and predictors of thyroid dysfunction in HIV infected Indians. Methods. Consecutive HIV patients, 18-70 years of age, without any severe comorbid state, having at least 1-year follow-up at the antiretroviral therapy clinic, underwent clinical assessment and hormone assays. Results. From initially screened 527 patients, 359 patients (61.44 ± 39.42 months' disease duration), having good immune function [CD4 count >200 cell/mm(3): 90...
2015: Journal of Thyroid Research
Maria Del Rosario Muñoz-Ramirez, Claudia Alejandra Ortega-Valdez, Eduardo Murillo-Heredia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2016: Medicina Clínica
Faiza A Qari
OBJECTIVE: To analyze alterations in thyroid function and the correlation between results of thyroid function test and mortality in medical and surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. It also aimed to evaluate the effect of thyroid dysfunction in ICU patients and their need for mechanical ventilation (MV). METHODS: A single-center, prospective, observational study was conducted on patients admitted to medical and surgical ICU between 2013-2014.. Clinical and paraclinical findings (free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine and thyroid stimulating hormone) were documented for all patients...
July 2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Faiza Abdulaziz Qari
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormone has the a major role in the cardiovascular system function and cardiac a As well as to maintain the cardiovascular homeostasis A slightly change ind thyroid status actually affects cardiovascular mortality hemodynamic. The background of this study was to define the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to define the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in acute coronary syndrome, including Non-ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI), ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI), and unstable angina groups...
July 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Irene Paterniti, Marika Cordaro, Michele Navarra, Emanuela Esposito, Salvatore Cuzzocrea
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. In particular, TBI is an important cause of death and disability in young adults with consequences ranging from physical disabilities to long-term cognitive, behavioural, psychological and social defects. AREAS COVERED: There is a large body of evidence that suggest that TBI conditions may adversely affect pituitary function in both the acute and chronic phases of recovery...
2015: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
Karla Rocha Penteado, Júlio Cezar Uili Coelho, Mônica Beatriz Parolin, Jorge Eduardo Fouto Matias, Alexandre Coutinho Teixeira de Freitas
BACKGROUND: Thyroid dysfunction has been reported in most chronic illnesses including severe liver disease. These defects in thyroid hormone metabolism result in the sick euthyroid syndrome, also known as low T3 syndrome. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the thyroid function in patients with end stage liver disease prior and after deceased donor liver transplantation and to correlate thyroid hormonal changes with the MELD score (Model for End stage Liver Disease)...
April 2015: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Wojciech Zygner, Olga Gójska-Zygner, Piotr Bąska, Ewa Długosz
Low triiodothyronine (T3) syndrome, also named euthyroid sick syndrome or non-thyroidal illness syndrome, has been recognized in canine babesiosis caused by Babesia rossi, where it manifested by lowering of the serum thyrotropin (TSH), total thyroxin (TT4) and free thyroxin (FT4) concentrations. This syndrome has also been observed in critical diseases in humans and animals, and the severity of the disease is considered an important factor in lowering of thyroid hormone concentrations. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) plays a role in the development of low T3 syndrome by causing a decrease in deiodinases 1 and 2 activity and increased activity of deiodinase 3, enzymes involved in the conversion of thyroxin (T4) to T3...
June 30, 2015: Veterinary Parasitology
Emmely M de Vries, Eric Fliers, Anita Boelen
The 'sick euthyroid syndrome' or 'non-thyroidal illness syndrome' (NTIS) occurs in a large proportion of hospitalized patients and comprises a variety of alterations in the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis that are observed during illness. One of the hallmarks of NTIS is decreased thyroid hormone (TH) serum concentrations, often viewed as an adaptive mechanism to save energy. Downregulation of hypophysiotropic TRH neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus and of TSH production in the pituitary gland points to disturbed negative feedback regulation during illness...
June 2015: Journal of Endocrinology
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