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minor depressive disorder

Joan K Monin, Natalie Mota, Becca Levy, John Pachankis, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVES: Objectives were to: (a) identify the mental health needs of older and younger sexual minority and heterosexual U.S. veterans and (b) examine whether sexual minority status confers vulnerability or resiliency in older adulthood. Support and trauma exposure were examined as potential mechanisms for age by sexual orientation differences. METHODS: Participants were a nationally representative sample of 3,095 U.S. veterans (ages 21 to 96 years). Measures included demographics, military characteristics, sexual orientation (lesbian, gay, or bisexual; LGB), social support, trauma, and mental health indicators (lifetime and present depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); lifetime anxiety and suicidal ideation)...
September 23, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Miguel Ceballos, Gail Wallace, Glenda Goodwin
BACKGROUND: The presence of postpartum depression can lead to poor maternal-child attachment, failure to thrive, and even infant death. Postpartum depression affects 13-19 % of parturients. However, among racial and ethnic minority parturients, postpartum depression rates have been shown to reach up to 35-67 % (as reported by O'Hara and McCabe, Annu Rev Clin Psychol 9:379-407, 2013; Boury et al., Women Health. 39(3):19-34, 2004; Ramos-Marcuse et al.. J Affect Disord. 122(1-2):68-75, 2010; Lucero et al...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Silvia Mahmood, Andrea Evinová, Mária Škereňová, Igor Ondrejka, Ján Lehotský
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a main public health concern worldwide. Despite extensive investigations, the exact mechanisms responsible for MDD have not been identified. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are involved in brain function. Tumour suppressor protein p53 is widely involved in neuronal death in response to different forms of acute insults and neurological disorders. The present study focuses on the possible associations of the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of EGF A61G (rs4444903), IGFBP-3 C32G (rs2854746) and TP53 G72C (rs1042522) genes with MDD risk in the Slovak population...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
J Norton, M David, C Gandubert, C Bouvier, L-A Gutierrez, A Frangeuil, A Macgregor, A Oude Engberink, A Mann, D Capdevielle
OBJECTIVES: The general practitioner (GP) is the most frequently consulted health professional by patients with common mental disorders (CMD). Yet approximately half of cases are not detected by the GP. Many factors linked to the patient, the doctor and the health care system influence detection. For example, detection rates are higher when patients are better known to their GP. On the other hand, patients visiting a different GP for reasons of dissatisfaction with previous care are more likely to be detected on the survey-day...
October 14, 2016: L'Encéphale
Tao Xiong, Hongju Chen, Rong Luo, Dezhi Mu
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased the need for evidence-based treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms. Presently, no therapies are available to effectively treat individuals with all of the symptoms of this disorder. It has been suggested that hyperbaric oxygen therapy may alleviate the biochemical dysfunction and clinical symptoms of ASD. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether treatment with hyperbaric oxygen:1. improves core symptoms of ASD, including social communication problems and stereotypical and repetitive behaviors;2...
October 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Elie G Karam, Elaine El Khoury, Lynn Itani
BACKGROUND: An essential point in evaluating the utility of measuring temperaments is the stability of the instrument used especially in the presence of mental disorders. One of the most commonly used instruments in the clinical setting is the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A). To our knowledge, the TEMPS-A's stability in an outpatient adult clinical setting has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the stability of the effect of temperament, time and clinical intervention...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Yi Wang, Yi Deng, Zhi Li, Xu Li, Chen-Yuan Zhang, Zhen Jin, Ming-Xia Fan, Michael T Compton, Eric F C Cheung, Kelvin O Lim, Raymond C K Chan
Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are subtle signs of fetal developmental abnormalities that have been considered to be among the most replicated risk markers for schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. However, quantitative approaches are needed to measure craniofacial MPAs. The present study adopted an imaging-based quantitative approach to examine craniofacial MPAs across the spectrum of schizophrenia and affective disorders, to address their sensitivity and specificity. We sampled 31 patients with schizophrenia, 30 of their unaffected relatives, and 30 individuals with schizotypal personality traits, as well as 37 non-schizotypal controls...
October 8, 2016: PsyCh Journal
Amy M Rapp, Anna Lau, Denise A Chavira
The proposed research seeks to introduce a novel model relating Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) and suicide outcomes (i.e., passive suicidal ideation, active suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts) in diverse adolescents. This model posits that family cohesion is one pathway by which suicide risk is increased for socially anxious youth, and predicts that the relationships between these variables may be of different strength in Latino and White subgroups and across gender. Data from a sample of Latino (n=1922) and non-Hispanic White (hereafter referred to as White throughout) (n=5648) male and female adolescents who participated in the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent were used for this study...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Sherita Hill Golden, Nina Shah, Mohammad Naqibuddin, Jennifer L Payne, Felicia Hill-Briggs, Gary S Wand, Nae-Yuh Wang, Susan Langan, Constantine Lyketsos
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the crude prevalence of minor depressive disorder (MinD) in a clinic-based population of adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We screened a clinical sample of 702 adults with type 2 diabetes for depressive symptoms using the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 and performed a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview on 52 screen-positive and a convenience sample of 51 screen-negative individuals. Depressive disorder diagnoses were made using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV) Text Revised criteria and categorized as MinD, major depressive disorder (MDD), or no depressive disorder...
August 15, 2016: Psychosomatics
James Reavell, Qulsom Fazil
BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of refugees migrating across continents, the crisis is very apparent. AIM: A literature review of patterns, risk factors and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in refugee minors was carried out involving those who have resettled in different developed countries. METHODS: Papers were narrowed down by reading the abstracts and methods to ascertain whether the refugee children had resettled in developed countries and to ensure that they had not just been internally displaced...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Peter Gross, Thomas Pusl
Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disorder that arises from disturbances in water metabolism. In cases of acute advanced hyponatremia, serious symptoms are predominant, while chronic mild hyponatremia causes minor symptoms such as slowness, depression or unsteadiness of gait. Any therapy of hyponatremia depends on the severity of its symptoms and on its specific etiology and diagnosis. Concerning the differential diagnosis of the type of hyponatremia, it is initially helpful to distinguish between euvolemic, hypervolemic and hypovolemic forms of hyponatremia...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Paul A Boelen
In the Netherlands, every year 500,000 people are confronted with the death of a close relative. Many of these people experience little emotional distress. In some, bereavement precipitates severe grief, distress, and dysphoria. A small yet significant minority of bereaved individuals develops persistent and debilitating symptoms of persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) (also termed prolonged grief disorder), posttraumatic stress disorder, and depression. Knowledge about early identification of, and preventive care for complex grief has increased...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Barth B Riley, Tonda L Hughes, Sharon C Wilsnack, Timothy P Johnson, Perry Benson, Frances Aranda
BACKGROUND: Although sexual minority women (SMW) are at increased risk of hazardous drinking (HD), efforts to validate HD measures have yet to focus on this population. OBJECTIVES: Validation of a 13-item Hazardous Drinking Index (HDI) in a large sample of SMW. METHODS: Data were from 700 adult SMW (age 18-82) enrolled in the Chicago Health and Life Experiences of Women study. Criterion measures included counts of depressive symptoms and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, average daily and 30-day ethanol consumption, risky sexual behavior, and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) measures of alcohol abuse/dependence...
September 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Cheryl B Sawyer, Judith Márquez
The southwestern U.S. border has recently seen a significant increase in the number of unaccompanied children from Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador illegally crossing the Mexican border into the United States. Many of these children leave home to flee violence, starvation, impoverished living conditions, or other life-threatening situations. The treatment of acute stress, anxiety, and depression associated with traumatic events is crucial in helping these children address these negative psychological events they have experienced so that they can move forward with their lives...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Psychology
Giovanni Casella, Roberta Pozzi, Marta Cicognetti, Francesco Bachetti, Gabriele Torti, Moris Cadei, Vincenzo Villanacci, Vittorio Baldini, Gabrio Bassotti
The association between gluten related disorders and psychiatric diseases has been firmly demonstrated. Non celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a syndrome diagnosed in patients responsive to gluten free diet after ruling out celiac disease and wheat allergy. The pathogenesis of neuro-psychiatric disorders in NCGS is unclear. An association between gluten and schizophrenia was described for the first time in 1950 by Bender et al. In the 50', Dicke noted that gluten free diet improved mood in celiac patients...
September 20, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
Jun Ho Lee, Min Soo Byun, Dahyun Yi, Young Min Choe, Hyo Jung Choi, Hyewon Baek, Bo Kyung Sohn, Hyun Jung Kim, Younghwa Lee, Jong Inn Woo, Dong Young Lee
AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the frequency of various depressive syndromes in elderly individuals with no cognitive impairment (NC), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease dementia (AD) in a memory clinic setting, and then to test whether severe and milder forms of depressive syndromes are differentially associated with the cognitive groups. METHODS: For 216 NC, 478 MCI, and 316 AD subjects, we investigated the frequency of depressive syndromes, defined by three different categories: major and minor depressive disorder (MaDD and MiDD) according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, as well as depression according to the National Institute of Mental Health provisional diagnostic criteria for depression in Alzheimer's disease (NIMH-dAD)...
September 20, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Abigail Powers, Lynn Almli, Alicia Smith, Adriana Lori, Jen Leveille, Kerry J Ressler, Tanja Jovanovic, Bekh Bradley
Emotion dysregulation has been implicated as a risk factor for many psychiatric conditions. Therefore, examining genetic risk associated with emotion dysregulation could help inform cross-disorder risk more generally. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of emotion dysregulation using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array technology was conducted in a highly traumatized, minority, urban sample (N = 2600, males = 774). Post-hoc analyses examined associations between SNPs identified in the GWAS and current depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and history of suicide attempt...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Stephanie C Garbern, Laura G Ebbeling, Susan A Bartels
: Introduction Disaster and humanitarian responders are at-risk of experiencing a wide range of physical and psychological health conditions, from minor injuries to chronic mental health problems and fatalities. This article reviews the current literature on the major health outcomes of responders to various disasters and conflicts in order to better inform individuals of the risks and to inform deploying agencies of the health care needs of responders. METHODS: In March 2014, an EMBASE search was conducted using pre-defined search criteria...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Justin A Chen, Benjamin G Shapero, Nhi-Ha T Trinh, Trina E Chang, Susannah Parkin, Jonathan E Alpert, Maurizio Fava, Albert S Yeung
OBJECTIVE: Stigma has been proposed to be a major underlying factor contributing to lower rates of mental health service utilization among racial/ethnic minorities in the United States. Yet, surprisingly little research has specifically explored associations between stigma, race/ethnicity, and psychiatric morbidity. This study aims to assess the impact of stigmatizing attitudes on depression outcomes among a psychiatrically underserved, immigrant Chinese population. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2012, 190 Chinese immigrants with major depressive disorder as diagnosed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were enrolled in a trial of culturally sensitive collaborative care for depression...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Antonella Somma, Andrea Fossati, Arianna Terrinoni, Riccardo Williams, Ignazio Ardizzone, Fiorella Fantini, Serena Borroni, Robert F Krueger, Kristian E Markon, Mauro Ferrara
BACKGROUND: The DSM-5 Alternative Model of Personality Disorders (AMPD) provides the opportunity to integrate the needed developmental perspective in the assessment of personality pathology. Based on this model, Krueger and colleagues (2012) developed the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), which operationalizes the proposed DSM-5 traits. METHODS: Eighty-five consecutively admitted Italian adolescent inpatients were administered the Italian translation of the PID-5, in order to obtain preliminary data on PID-5 reliability and clinical usefulness in clinically referred adolescents...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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