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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106367/telephone-consultations-in-urology-who-when-where-and-why
#1
Anne-Sophie Blais, Joanie Pelletier, Katherine Moore
INTRODUCTION: Telephone consultations are part of a strategy to allow access to medical expertise. Telephone consultations have been fee-for-services benefits in the province of Quebec since 2012.(1) Recent studies have shown that adequate communication is one of the most common means to prevent disability and death.(2) We sought to determine the characteristics of phone consultations made to a tertiary centre's urologists and to characterize their experience. METHODS: We performed a prospective study using all billing receipts filed by 15 academic urologists for phone consultations received during a 10-month period...
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106285/liver-kidney-simultaneous-transplantation-in-adult-patients-with-primary-hyperoxaluria-experience-at-hospital-universitario-12-de-octubre
#2
Javier Martínez Caballero, Alberto Marcacuzco Quinto, Iago Justo Alonso, Oana Anisa Nutu, Alejandro Manrique Municio, Jorge Calvo Pulido, Félix Cambra Molero, Óscar Caso Maestro, Carlos Jiménez Romero
Primary hyperoxaluria (PH) is a metabolic liver disease with an autosomal recessive inheritance that results in oxalate overproduction that cannot be metabolized by the liver. Urinary excretion of oxalate results in lithiasis and nephrocalcinosis leading to a progressive loss of renal function that often requires renal replacement therapy despite medical treatment. Type 1 PH is the most common form and is due to a deficiency in the alanine-glycolate aminotransferase enzyme found in hepatic peroxisomes. Therefore, a liver-kidney simultaneous transplant (LKST) is the definitive treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients...
November 6, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102377/-evaluation-of-antilithiasic-oxalo-calcic-and-magnesium-ammonium-phosphate-effect-of-erica-multiflora-l-aqueous-extract
#3
C Sadki, F Atmani
OBJECTIVE: In Morocco, as in many countries, a large number of patients use medicinal plants to treat their disease including urinary lithiasis. The aim of the present work is to study the antilithiasic effect of Erica multiflora aqueous extract, purported for its antilithiasic effect in the oriental region of Morocco. METHODS: E. multiflora aqueous extract was studied in two oxalo-calcic models of rats rendered experimentally lithiasic. Urinary biochemistry parameters were measured and histological slides of kidneys were analyzed...
November 1, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058024/management-of-renal-transplant-urolithiasis-a-multicentre-study-by-the-french-urology-association-transplantation-committee
#4
J Branchereau, M O Timsit, Y Neuzillet, T Bessède, R Thuret, M Gigante, X Tillou, R Codas, J Boutin, A Doerfler, F Sallusto, T Culty, V Delaporte, N Brichart, B Barrou, L Salomon, G Karam, J Rigaud, L Badet, F Kleinklauss
PURPOSE: Urolithiasis is rare among renal transplant recipients and its management has not been clearly defined. METHODS: This multicentre retrospective study was organised by the Comité de Transplantation de l'Association Française d'Urologie (French Urology Association transplantation committee). Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 19 software. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients were included in this study. Renal transplant urolithiasis was an incidental finding in 55% of cases, mostly on a routine follow-up ultrasound examination...
October 22, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049166/safety-of-potassium-bearing-citrate-in-patients-with-renal-transplantation-a-case-report
#5
Lin Wang, Yinglin Cui, Jianwei Zhang, Qinsheng Zhang
RATIONALE: Urinary lithiasis is one of severe postoperative complications in patients undergoing renal transplantation, possibly leading to anuria, urinary infection, or even acute renal failure. Potassium sodium hydrogen citrate (PSHC), a potassium-bearing citrate, is commonly prescribed to prevent stone formation. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old man (patient 1) and a 31-year-old man (patient 2) receiving renal transplantation for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were enrolled in this study...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048206/analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-increasing-the-energy-dose-applied-per-session-by-increasing-the-number-of-shock-waves-in-extracorporeal-lithotripsy-a-prospective-and-comparative-study
#6
José Daniel López-Acón, Alberto Budía Alba, Pilar Bahílo-Mateu, Marta Trassierra-Villa, María de Los Ángeles Conca-Baenas, Domingo de Guzmán Ordaz-Jurado, Francisco Tormo Boronat
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of increasing the energy dose in treating urinary lithiasis with extracorporeal lithotripsy through an expanded number of Shock Waves Per Session (SWPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: a randomized, prospective, and comparative study was performed with patients with renal or ureteral lithiasis from 2011 to 2014. Two groups were studied: Group A (n = 136), treated with 3500 SWPS, and Group B (n = 171), subjected to an expanded treatment with 7000 SWPS...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976347/-lithogenic-risk-index-in-urinary-lithiasis-patients-and-their-evolution-after-treatment
#7
Rosa Guillén, Carlos Ramos, Roger Ayala, Patricia Funes, Irene Ruiz, Jorge Zenteno, Liliana Sosa, Gloria Echague
OBJECTIVE: To determine the lithogenic risk index and its evolution after treatment of paraguayan lithiasic patients. METHODS: This experimental study of temporal series included 28 lithiasic patients of both sexes that attended to the Instituto de Prevision Social in 2012. Basal evaluation included metabolic study and urinary saturation indexes determined by EQUIL software. With this data, a specific treatment was selected for each patient. The follow up included a medical consultation monthly and the metabolic evaluation after 6 month...
October 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976346/-analysis-of-success-predictive-factors-in-the-treatment-of-urinary-lithiasis-by-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-patient-optimization-eswl-score
#8
Pablo Garrido-Abad, Miguel Ángel Rodríguez-Cabello, Arturo Platas-Sancho
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) represents one of the most frequently used methods to treat urinary tract calculi. However, sometimes we do not obtain the fragmentation expected. The aim of this study is to evaluate the parameters that may influence ESWL final results, developing a classification for better patient's selection and outcome optimization. METHODS: 270 patients with renal or ureteral stones were retrospectively reviewed after ESWL treatment, recording both clinical parameters (age, sex, location, laterality, body mass index [BMI]), and CT-Scan parameters (stone size and volume, skin-to-stone distance (SSD), mean and maximal stone density)...
October 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958961/importance-of-pre-analytical-for-urinalysis-with-urinary-crystals
#9
Lise Larcher, Guillaume Lefevre, Sophie Bailleul, Michel Daudon, Vincent Frochot
Crystalluria is an imbalance between promoters and inhibitors; the first are the engine of the crystals and the second are made of substances. The biological assays make it possible to demonstrate one or more lithogenic factors observed during the lithiasis. The objective of our work was to study the impact of acidification or alkalization of the urine of lithiasic patients during a cristallurie assessment. All urine in the morning must be stored at room temperature and examined within two-three hours following voiding...
October 1, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940433/cytokeratin-20-immunocytochemistry-on-urine-sediments-a-potential-low-cost-adjunct-to-cytology-in-the-diagnosis-of-low-grade-urothelial-carcinoma
#10
N Wadhwa, P Diwaker, N Lotha, V K Arora, N Singh
BACKGROUND: Urine cytology is the corner-stone for the diagnosis of urothelial neoplasia; however, a substantial proportion of low-grade carcinomas are reported as inconclusive owing to scant cellularity and subtle cytological features. Biomarkers applied on urine sediment smears of such patients are likely to be clinically relevant. Access to Food and Drug Administration approved urinary biomarkers in resource limited setting is poor. Detection of cytokeratin 20 (CK20) in urine sediments, although still a research tool, is a promising marker as immunocytochemistry is performed regularly in several Indian laboratories...
September 22, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845492/twinkle-twinkle-little-stone-an-artifact-improves-the-ultrasound-performance
#11
Mirela Liana Gliga, Cristian Nicolae Chirila, Daniela Maria Podeanu, Torok Imola, Sanda Lucia Voicu, Mihail Gheorghe Gliga, Paula Maria Gliga
AIMS: Ultrasound is a noninvasive method used for the diagnosis of urinary lithiasis. When the length of the stone is less than 5 mm, its detection may be difficult. The twinkling artifact (TwA) is an intense alternating color signal behind calcifications and stones in different organs. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the importance of the TwA in detecting kidney stones less than 5 mm in length. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 230 patients with lumbar pain or a history of kidney stones...
June 17, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608192/stone-technology-intracorporeal-lithotripters
#12
Kymora B Scotland, Tadeusz Kroczak, Kenneth T Pace, Ben H Chew
PURPOSE: Intracorporeal lithotripsy is becoming the most commonly used surgical method of stone treatment in Urology. The five major types of intracorporeal lithotripters are ultrasonic, ballistic, and combination lithotripters as well as laser and electrohydraulic lithotripters. The advantages and disadvantages of choosing each of these treatment modalities are reviewed. METHODS: Extensive review of literature was performed to identify the types of intracorporeal lithotripters...
September 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587907/-a-family-history-of-renal-lithiasis-in-children-diagnosed-of-urinary-tract-infection-by-escherichia-coli
#13
Víctor García Nieto, Jorge Sotoca Fernández, Monica O'Hagan, Pedro Arango Sancho, Maria Isabel Luis Yanes
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli) are common in patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria. As both UTI and hypercalciuria (prelithiasis) have a genetic basis, we wanted to know whether the family history of urolithiasis is more common in children with UTIs caused by E. coli. Secondarily, we wondered if the renal scars are more common in children with prelithiasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ambispective study with collected data from 104 patients (40 male, 64 female) followed after having been diagnosed of UTI by E...
June 3, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537418/short-term-changes-in-algometry-inclinometry-stabilometry-and-urinary-ph-analysis-after-a-thoracolumbar-junction-manipulation-in-patients-with-kidney-stones
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ángel Oliva Pascual-Vaca, Ramón Punzano-Rodríguez, Pablo Escribá-Astaburuaga, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, François Ricard, Maria Angeles Franco-Sierra, Cleofás Rodríguez-Blanco
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of a high-velocity low-amplitude manipulation of the thoracolumbar junction in different urologic and musculoskeletal parameters in subjects suffering from renal lithiasis. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled blinded clinical study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: The Nephrology departments of two hospitals and one private consultancy of physiotherapy in Valencia (Spain). SUBJECTS: Forty-six patients suffering from renal lithiasis...
August 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530629/-laparoendoscopic-single-site-less-ureteral-reimplantation
#15
Pedro M Cabrera Castillo, Felipe Cáceres Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: To present in detail our surgical technique and to show our initial experience with ureteral reimplantation using the transumbilical LESS approach to treat patients with ureteral stenosis secondary to various diseases and surgical complications. METHODS: We performed 7 ureteral reimplantations from February 2012, using the multichannel Richard- Wolf (KeyPort) platform placed transumbilical by a small 2-2,5 cm transversal incision. We always use a 3.5 mm minilaparoscopy accessory trocar in the right iliac fossa, that is crucial to perform the laparoscopic suturing safely for the patient and in an optimal time...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508889/influence-of-bladder-lithiasis-on-lower-urinary-tract-dynamics-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
M Vírseda-Chamorro, J Salinas-Casado, Á Barroso-Manso, P Gutiérrez-Martín, M E Fuertes
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective and a case-matched control study. OBJECTIVES: To study the lower urinary tract dysfunction associated with bladder lithiasis in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Toledo (Spain). METHODS: We have carried out a urodynamic study in 30 patients with SCI with lithiasis in their bladder before and 3 months after bladder endoscopic lithotripsy. This second study was compared with the urodynamic findings of a different group of 30 patients with SCI, without a history of bladder lithiasis, paired with cases by gender and date of urodynamic study...
August 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501271/virtual-cystoscopy-computed-tomography-urography-and-optical-cystoscopy-for-the-detection-and-follow-up-for-bladder-cancer
#17
D Ibáñez Muñoz, I Quintana Martínez, A Fernández Militino, D Sánchez Zalabardo, L Sarria Octavio de Toledo, R Cozcolluela Cabrejas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the utility of virtual cystoscopy (VC) performed with CT urography in patients being studied under gross hematuria or patients being followed-up after a previous bladder cancer and compare the results with those obtained with gold standard technique (optical cystoscopy). METHODS: Retrospective study of 117 patients who were referred for VC by the Urology Department between May 2014 and May 2015. Those patients presented with gross hematuria or they were previously treated patients from bladder cancer being followed up...
May 10, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422036/physicochemical-factors-of-the-urine-of-children-with-hypercalciuria
#18
Mercedes Ubetagoyena-Arrieta, Jorge Martínez Sáenz de Jubera, María Nieves Corera-Casty, Eduardo González Pérez-Yarza, Irati García-Albizua
OBJECTIVE: Hypercalciuria is a common lithogenic risk factor. The aim of this study was, first, to study the characteristics of urine biochemical factors of children with hypercalciuria (HC) and compare them with those of children without hypercalciuria. Second, to analyze the differences between children with HC and lithiasis (HCL) and children with HC and no lithiasis (HCNL). METHODS: The sample was composed by 111 cases with HC, divided into 2 groups: HCNL group, consisting of 93 cases with no personal history of kidney stones, and HCL group, 18 cases with personal history of kidney stones...
April 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342804/easy-to-use-equations-for-the-estimation-of-urine-relative-saturation-in-the-assessment-of-risk-of-recurrence-in-urinary-stones-formers
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Geneviève Plante, Denis Ouimet, Robert Robitaille
It is a fact that recurrence of urinary stones is a common medical problem. One of the key factors used in determining the risk of urinary stone-formation is the urine relative saturation in the major constituents of lithiasis. Nomograms were developed in the 1970's to estimate the relative saturation of urine. We present here easy-to-use mathematical equations derived from these nomograms. These equations can be integrated directly in the LIS of any laboratories, and can be used as a tool in the treatment and prevention of recurrent stone-formation...
September 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300033/-current-status-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-urinary-lithiasis
#20
REVIEW
Jose Gregorio Pereira-Arias, Mikel Gamarra-Quintanilla, Luis Felipe Urdaneta-Salegui, Jorge Alberto Mora-Christian, Andrea Sánchez-Vazquez, Ander Astobieta-Odriozola, Gaspar Ibarluzea-González
Over the last decade, urinary lithiasis' prevalence has dramatically increased due to diet and lifestyle changes, growing 10.6% and 7.1% in men and women respectively. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has lost relevance in current practice due to endoscopic device development and unpredictability of results. Instrument miniaturization is leading to an increase of the percutaneous approach of increasingly smaller stones, while most flexible ureteroscopes durability and digitalization has allowed urologists to address larger stones...
March 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
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