keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vlcd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329121/very-low-calorie-diets-for-weight-loss-in-obese-older-adults-a-randomized-trial
#1
Cilla J Haywood, Luke A Prendergast, Katrina Purcell, Lauren Le Fevre, Wen Kwang Lim, Mary Galea, Joseph Proietto
Background: Obesity contributes to disability in older adults, and this is offset by weight loss and exercise. Very Low Calorie Diets (VLCDs) achieve rapid weight loss; however, these have not been rigorously evaluated in older people. Methods: A randomized trial was conducted from August 2012 through December 2015. The intervention was 12 weeks of thrice weekly exercise combined with either healthy eating advice (Ex/HE), hypocaloric diet (Ex/Diet), or VLCD (Ex/VLCD)...
February 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298393/a-role-for-leukocyte-integrins-and-extracellular-matrix-remodeling-of-adipose-tissue-in-the-risk-of-weight-regain-after-weight-loss
#2
Nadia Jt Roumans, Roel G Vink, Parastoo Fazelzadeh, Marleen A van Baak, Edwin Cm Mariman
Background: Weight loss (WL) is often followed by weight regain after an energy-restricted dietary intervention (DI). When people are following a diet, the volume of an adipocyte decreases by loss of triglycerides, which creates stress between the cell contents and the surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM). Previously, we observed that genetic variations in ECM genes are associated with an increased risk of weight regain.Objective: We investigated the relation between the expression of ECM genes during WL and a period of weight stabilization (WS) and the risk of weight regain...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265828/liver-regeneration-is-impaired-in-mice-with-acute-exposure-to-a-very-low-carbohydrate-diet
#3
Hao Chen, Yandie Lin, Wu Sun, Yun Cai, Hao Li
BACKGROUND: The metabolic response to hepatic insufficiency has been implicated in the regulators of normal liver regeneration. Modulation of nutritional factors has been demonstrated to affect liver regeneration. Diets containing very low carbohydrate and high fat levels cause a unique metabolic state, the effect of which on liver regeneration is unknown. METHODS: Mice were placed on standard mice chow (ND) or a very low carbohydrate diet (VLCD) after 70% partial hepatectomy (PH)...
March 6, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179648/diet-induced-weight-loss-decreases-adipose-tissue-oxygen-tension-with-parallel-changes-in-adipose-tissue-phenotype-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-overweight-humans
#4
R G Vink, N J Roumans, M Čajlaković, J P M Cleutjens, M V Boekschoten, P Fazelzadeh, M A A Vogel, E E Blaak, E C Mariman, M A van Baak, G H Goossens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although adipose tissue (AT) hypoxia is present in rodent models of obesity, evidence for this in humans is limited. Here, we investigated the effects of diet-induced weight loss (WL) on abdominal subcutaneous AT oxygen tension (pO2), AT blood flow (ATBF), AT capillary density, AT morphology and transcriptome, systemic inflammatory markers and insulin sensitivity in humans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fifteen overweight and obese individuals underwent a dietary intervention (DI), consisting of a 5-week very-low-calorie diet (VLCD, 500 kcal day(-1); WL), and a subsequent 4-week weight stable diet (WS)...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031781/intermittent-energy-restriction-in-type-2-diabetes-a-short-discussion-of-medication-management
#5
Sharayah Carter, Peter M Clifton, Jennifer B Keogh
AIM: To discuss type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) medication changes required during the popular 5:2 intermittent energy restriction (IER) diet. METHODS: A search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL and Cochrane library for original research articles investigating the use of very low calorie diets (VLCD) in people with T2DM. The search terms used included "VLCD" or "very low energy diet" or "very low energy restriction" or "IER" or "intermittent fasting" or "calorie restriction" or "diabetes mellitus type 2" and "type 2 diabetes"...
December 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898428/beneficial-effects-of-a-dietary-weight-loss-intervention-on-human-gut-microbiome-diversity-and-metabolism-are-not-sustained-during-weight-maintenance
#6
Femke-Anouska Heinsen, Daniela Fangmann, Nike Müller, Dominik M Schulte, Malte C Rühlemann, Kathrin Türk, Ute Settgast, Wolfgang Lieb, John F Baines, Stefan Schreiber, Andre Franke, Matthias Laudes
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we examined the effect of a very low-calorie diet(VLCD)-based obesity program on human gut microbiome diversity and metabolism during weight loss and weight maintenance. METHODS: Obese subjects underwent 3 months of VLCD followed by 3 months of weight maintenance. A lean and an obese control group were included. The microbiome was characterized by performing high-throughput dual-indexed 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing. RESULTS: At baseline, a significant difference in the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio between the lean and obese individuals was observed (p = 0...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826354/the-effects-on-weight-loss-and-gene-expression-in-adipose-and-hepatic-tissues-of-very-low-carbohydrate-and-low-fat-isoenergetic-diets-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#7
Tomomi Yamazaki, Sumire Okawa, Mayumi Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Obesity is caused by excessive fat or carbohydrate intake. The improvement of obesity is an important issue, especially in Western societies. Both low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) and low-fat diet (LFD) are used to achieve weight loss in humans. To clarify the mechanisms underlying LCD-induced weight loss, especially in early stage, we compared the gene expression in liver, white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT) of a very-low carbohydrate diet (VLCD)- and LFD-fed diet-induced obese (DIO) mice...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812384/sweet-taste-preferences-before-and-after-an-intensive-medical-weight-loss-intervention
#8
K Asao, A E Rothberg, L Arcori, M Kaur, C E Fowler, W H Herman
OBJECTIVE: Medical weight loss could change sweet taste threshold and preferences. The decrease in sweet taste preferences may, in turn, help in the maintenance of weight loss. This study examined the association between sweet taste preferences at baseline and weight change during a medical weight management programme and the impact of diet-induced weight loss on sweet taste preferences. METHODS: Adult patients with body mass index ≥32 kg m(-2) were recruited from a medical weight management clinic...
June 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773549/effects-of-acute-dietary-weight-loss-on-postprandial-plasma-bile-acid-responses-in-obese-insulin-resistant-subjects
#9
F Samuel van Nierop, W Kulik, Erik Endert, Frank G Schaap, Steven W Olde Damink, Johannes A Romijn, Maarten R Soeters
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Bile acids (BA) are pleiotropic hormones affecting glucose and lipid metabolism. The physiochemical properties of different BA species affect their enterohepatic dynamics and their affinity for bile acid receptors. The BA pool composition is altered in patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity. In this study we used a 2-week very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) to investigate the effects of weight loss on BA pool composition and postprandial dynamics. METHODS: We performed mixed meal tests in obese, insulin resistant subjects before and after the VLCD...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733249/weight-loss-induced-by-very-low-calorie-diet-is-associated-with-a-more-beneficial-systemic-inflammatory-profile-than-by-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#10
Mirjam A Lips, Jan Bert van Klinken, Hanno Pijl, Ignace Janssen, Ko Willems van Dijk, Frits Koning, Vanessa van Harmelen
INTRODUCTION: Weight loss interventions such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and very low calorie diets (VLCD) lead to improvement of glucose metabolism in obese individuals with type-2 diabetes. Weight loss can also positively influence the unfavorable inflammatory profile associated with obesity. However, a direct comparison of the effect of VLCD and RYGB on systemic inflammation is lacking. METHODS: Systemic inflammation was investigated in age- and BMI-matched morbidly obese T2DM women by determining the number and activation- or memory status of peripheral blood leukocytes by flow cytometry, in addition to measuring circulating levels of cytokines and CRP...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715401/comparison-of-early-2-days-and-later-28-days-response-of-adipose-tissue-to-very-low-calorie-diet-in-obese-women
#11
Veronika Šrámková, Lenka Rossmeislová, Eva Krauzová, Jana Kračmerová, Michal Koc, Dominique Langin, Vladimír Štich, Michaela Šiklová
CONTEXT: Beneficial metabolic effects of calorie restriction found in the early stage of hypocalorie diets may be caused by the modulation of metabolic and endocrine function of adipose tissue. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare metabolic and inflammation-related characteristics of sc adipose tissue (SAAT) in the early (2 d) and later (28 d) phase of a very low calorie diet (VLCD). Design, Setting, Intervention, and Patients: Seventeen moderately obese premenopausal women followed an 800 kcal/d VLCD for 28 days...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708846/alternate-day-versus-daily-energy-restriction-diets-which-is-more-effective-for-weight-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
B A Alhamdan, A Garcia-Alvarez, A H Alzahrnai, J Karanxha, D R Stretchberry, K J Contrera, A F Utria, L J Cheskin
BACKGROUND: Alternate-day-fasting (ADF) has been proposed as an effective dieting method. Studies have found that it also can increase life span in rodents, and reduce inflammation in humans. The aim of this paper was to systematically review the efficacy of ADF compared to very-low-calorie dieting (VLCD) in terms of weight loss, and reduction of fat mass and fat-free mass. METHODS: Systematic review: PubMed literature searches were performed. Fixed review procedures were applied...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698345/weight-losses-with-low-energy-formula-diets-in-obese-patients-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
W S Leslie, R Taylor, L Harris, M E J Lean
AIM: To provide a systematic review, of published data, to compare weight losses following very low calorie (<800 kcal per day VLCD) or low-energy liquid-formula (>800 kcal per day LELD) diets, in people with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Systematic electronic searches of Medline (1946-2015) and Embase (1947-2015) to identify published studies using formula total diet replacement diets (VLCD/LELD). Random effects meta-analysis using weighted mean difference (WMD) in body weight between groups (with and without diabetes) as the summary estimate...
January 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530911/acute-changes-in-non-esterified-fatty-acids-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-receiving-bariatric-surgery
#14
Reza Nemati, Jun Lu, Andrea Tura, Greg Smith, Rinki Murphy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare acute changes of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) in relation to beta cell function (BCF) and insulin resistance in obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass (GBP), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or very low calorie diet (VLCD). METHODS: In a non-randomised study, fasting plasma samples were collected from 38 obese patients with T2D, matched for age, body mass index (BMI) and glycaemic control, who underwent GBP (11) or SG (14) or VLCD (13)...
March 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387696/improved-glucose-metabolism-after-gastric-bypass-evolution-of-the-paradigm
#15
Dimitri J Pournaras, Jonas Nygren, Eva Hagström-Toft, Peter Arner, Carel W le Roux, Anders Thorell
BACKGROUND: Glucose metabolism is improved in patients with type 2 diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). OBJECTIVES: To quantify the relative contribution of calorie restriction, rerouting of nutrients, and adipose tissue reduction. SETTING: University Hospital. METHODS: Fifteen diabetic patients, (47±9 yr, body mass index 41.3±4.2 kg/m(2)) were randomized to a 2-week very low-calorie diet (VLCD) regimen or normal diet before RYGB...
September 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383313/very-low-calorie-ketogenic-diet-with-aminoacid-supplement-versus-very-low-restricted-calorie-diet-for-preserving-muscle-mass-during-weight-loss-a-pilot-double-blind-study
#16
G Merra, R Miranda, S Barrucco, P Gualtieri, M Mazza, E Moriconi, M Marchetti, T F M Chang, A De Lorenzo, L Di Renzo
OBJECTIVE: Obesity plays a relevant pathophysiological role in the development of health problems, arising as result of complex interaction of genetic, nutritional and metabolic factors. We conducted a dietary intervention case-control randomized trial, to compare the effectiveness on body composition of two nutritional protocols: a very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet (VLCKD), integrated by an aminoacid supplement with whey protein, and very low restricted-calorie diet (VLCD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical study was conducted with a randomized case-control in which twenty-five healthy subjects gave informed consent to participate in the interventional study and were evaluated for their health and nutritional status, by anthropometric, and body composition evaluation...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344992/a-panel-of-free-fatty-acid-ratios-to-predict-the-development-of-metabolic-abnormalities-in-healthy-obese-individuals
#17
Linjing Zhao, Yan Ni, Xiaojing Ma, Aihua Zhao, Yuqian Bao, Jiajian Liu, Tianlu Chen, Guoxiang Xie, Jun Panee, Mingming Su, Herbert Yu, Congrong Wang, Cheng Hu, Weiping Jia, Wei Jia
Increasing evidences support that metabolically healthy obese (MHO) is a transient state. However, little is known about the early markers associated with the development of metabolic abnormalities in MHO individuals. Serum free fatty acids (FFAs) profile is highlighted in its association with obesity-related insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). To examine the association of endogenous fatty acid metabolism with future development of metabolic abnormalities in MHO individuals, we retrospectively analyzed 24 [product FFA]/[precursor FFA] ratios in fasting sera and clinical data from 481 individuals who participated in three independent studies, including 131 metabolic healthy subjects who completed the 10-year longitudinal Shanghai Diabetes Study (SHDS), 312 subjects cross-sectionally sampled from the Shanghai Obesity Study (SHOS), and 38 subjects who completed an 8-week very low carbohydrate diet (VLCD) intervention study...
June 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312699/energy-restriction-and-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-reduce-postprandial-%C3%AE-dicarbonyl-stress-in-obese-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Dionne E Maessen, Nordin M Hanssen, Mirjam A Lips, Jean L Scheijen, Ko Willems van Dijk, Hanno Pijl, Coen D Stehouwer, Casper G Schalkwijk
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Dicarbonyl compounds are formed as byproducts of glycolysis and are key mediators of diabetic complications. However, evidence of postprandial α-dicarbonyl formation in humans is lacking, and interventions to reduce α-dicarbonyls have not yet been investigated. Therefore, we investigated postprandial α-dicarbonyl levels in obese women without and with type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, we evaluated whether a diet very low in energy (very low calorie diet [VLCD]) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) reduces α-dicarbonyl stress in obese women with type 2 diabetes...
September 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282870/microdialysis-and-proteomics-of-subcutaneous-interstitial-fluid-reveals-increased-galectin-1-in-type-2-diabetes-patients
#19
Emanuel Fryk, Jeanna Perman Sundelin, Lena Strindberg, Maria J Pereira, Massimo Federici, Nikolaus Marx, Fredrik H Nyström, Martin Schmelz, Per-Arne Svensson, Jan W Eriksson, Jan Borén, Per-Anders Jansson
OBJECTIVE: To identify a potential therapeutic target for type 2 diabetes by comparing the subcutaneous interstitial fluid from type 2 diabetes patients and healthy men. METHODS: Proteomics was performed on the interstitial fluid of subcutaneous adipose tissue obtained by microdialysis from 7 type 2 diabetes patients and 8 healthy participants. 851 proteins were detected, of which 36 (including galectin-1) showed significantly altered expression in type 2 diabetes...
July 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258913/preoperative-very-low-calorie-diet-reduces-technical-difficulty-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-obese-patients
#20
Alexander D Jones, Peter W Waterland, Sarah Powell-Brett, Paul Super, Martin Richardson, Douglas Bowley
This study investigates the effectiveness of preoperative very low-calorie diet (VLCD) in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A prospective observational study of consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy was undertaken. At the preoperative visit, all patients were advised to adhere to VLCD for 2 weeks before surgery (<800 kcal/d). Patients were judged to have complied with the VLCD if weight loss >2 kg. Technical difficulty was assessed using questionnaires. A total of 38 patients met the inclusion criteria...
June 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
keyword
keyword
105127
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"