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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439161/three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-anatomical-characteristics-and-dimensions-of-the-nasopalatine-canal-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#1
Nikhil V Jain, Affaf A Gharatkar, Bandish A Parekh, Smita I Musani, Umang Deepak Shah
AIM: Placement of implants in the maxillary anterior region needs to be preceded by careful analysis of the area as in addition to the functional aspect the esthetic outcome is of prime importance. This descriptive study evaluated anatomical characteristics and dimensions of the nasopalatine canal (NC) from coronal, sagittal and axial aspects using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) giving it a three dimensional analytical approach. Also the dimensions of the corresponding buccal bone plate (BBP) of the alveolar process were evaluated...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435381/complications-in-implant-dentistry
#2
REVIEW
Ayesha Hanif, Saima Qureshi, Zeeshan Sheikh, Haroon Rashid
After tooth loss, an individual may seek tooth replacement so that his/her function and esthetics could be restored. Clinical prosthodontics, during the past decade, has significantly improved and developed according to the advancements in the science and patient's demands and needs. Conventional options in prosthodontics for substituting a missing single tooth include the removable partial denture, partial and full coverage bridgework, and resin-bonded bridgework. Dental implants have gained increasing popularity over the years as they are capable of restoring the function to near normal in both partial and completely edentulous arches...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434682/a-proposed-linear-skeletal-distance-to-predict-occlusal-vertical-dimension-a-cephalometric-study
#3
Mohammed Nasser Alhajj, Ammar A Daer
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Establishing a correct occlusal vertical dimension is considered one of the most important aspects of facial esthetics for patients in need of oral rehabilitation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the use of a proposed linear skeletal distance to predict the appropriate occlusal vertical dimension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 93 digital cephalometric radiographs were collected in Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) format (51 men, 42 women) from the archive of the orthodontics department at the Faculty of Dentistry, Sana'a University, Yemen...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#4
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429482/the-periodontal-restorative-interface-esthetic-considerations
#5
REVIEW
Vincent Bennani, Hadeel Ibrahim, Latfiya Al-Harthi, Karl M Lyons
Esthetic considerations are a significant contributing factor in the management of prosthodontic cases and an interdisciplinary approach is often necessary to achieve an optimal result. The visible soft-tissue architecture plays a key role in developing an esthetic smile. Furthermore, an understanding of the relationship between the restorative margin and the gingiva is important for long-term stability of the result. The gingival architecture and gingival health are important for ensuring optimal esthetics following prosthodontic work and close attention to both soft and hard tissues around the teeth, before, during and after restorative procedures, will greatly improve the likelihood of a successful outcome...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385430/clinician-assessments-and-patient-perspectives-of-single-tooth-implant-restorations-in-the-esthetic-zone-of-the-maxilla-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Sirikarn P Arunyanak, Adrien Pollini, Athanasios Ntounis, Dean Morton
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Esthetic outcomes associated with implant dentistry are important to both clinicians and patients. However, esthetic satisfaction may vary between the 2 groups. In order to evaluate the current publications relating to this topic, the following focused question was developed, "what are the quantitative and qualitative differences between clinician evaluations and patient perspectives in the assessment of single-tooth implant outcomes in the esthetic zone?" PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify differences in esthetic satisfaction between clinicians and patients when evaluating single-tooth implant-supported restorations...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384975/perception-of-acceptable-range-of-smiles-by-specialists-general-dentists-and-lay-persons-and-evaluation-of-different-aesthetic-paradigms
#7
Mainak Kanti Saha, Margie Khatri, Suparna Ganguly Saha, Sandeep Dubey, Divya Saxena, Neelam Vijaywargiya, Shubham Kala
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important goals of restorative dentistry is to restore the patient's aesthetic. Smile analysis is subjective and it differs from person to person. An aesthetic smile involves a harmonious relationship between various parameters including the hard and soft tissues. AIM: The aim of the study was to identify the acceptable range of several smiles (alone and in conjunction with the face) by specialists, general dentists as well as lay persons; and to identify the values of different criteria i...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381734/implant-supported-oral-rehabilitation-in-child-with-ectodermal-dysplasia-4-year-follow-up
#8
Thaisa Cezária Triches, Marcos Ximenes, João Gustavo Oliveira de Souza, Armando Rodrigues Lopes Pereira Neto, Antônio Carlos Cardoso, Michele Bolan
Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is an anomaly determined by genetic factors that alter ectodermal structures such as skin, hair, nails, glands, and teeth. Children affected by this condition require extensive, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary treatment. An 8-year-old female patient visited the Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Santa Catarina with the chief complaint of multiple missing teeth. The mother reported that the patient had ED. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed the congenital absence of several primary and permanent teeth and tooth germs...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326723/-current-dental-implant-design-and-its-clinical-importance
#9
Lin Ye
The development of clinical implant dentistry was intensively affected by dental implant design improvement and innovation, which brought about new concept, even milestone-like changes of clinical protocol. The current improvements of dental implant design and their clinical importance could be highlighted as followings: 1) The implant apical design influences the implant preliminary stability in immediate implant. The apical 3-5 mm design of implant makes implant stable in immediate implant, because this part would be screwed into alveolar bone through fresh socket, the other part of implant could not be tightly screwed in the socket because of smaller implant diameter...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258262/clinical-success-of-fiber-reinforced-composite-resin-as-a-space-maintainer
#10
Zuhal Kirzioğlu, Z Zahit Çiftçi, Ceylan Ç Yetiş
INTRODUCTION: The early loss of deciduous molars is a frequently encountered problem in dentistry. Various space maintainer designs were developed to prevent the loss of the space. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term clinical performance and survival rates of fiber-reinforced composite resin (FRCR) as a space maintainer clinically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed on 44 children who had early missed deciduous molars. Space maintainers were prepared on plaster models of patients and fixed directly to the adjacent teeth...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257258/fifteen-year-clinical-follow-up-of-restoration-of-extensive-cervical-resorption-in-a-maxillary-central-incisor
#11
E G Reston, Rpr Bueno, L Q Closs, J Zettermann
Internal bleaching in endodontically treated teeth requires care and protection to prevent harm to the periodontal ligament due to peroxide and may result in external root resorption. There is a myriad of treatment options when this occurs, such as monitoring, extraction, and subsequent rehabilitation with implants or fixed prosthodontics. In some cases, such as the one described here, a conservative attempt to maintain the tooth as a single structure can be made by sealing the resorptive defect. In the present case, we show a multidisciplinary approach where orthodontics, periodontics, and restorative dentistry were involved in treating the maxillary right central incisor (#8) of a 65-year-old patient with extensive cervical resorption, whose chief complaint was esthetics...
March 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257225/dental-space-deficiency-syndrome-an-anthropological-perspective
#12
Colin S Richman
A new syndrome in dentistry, the dental space deficiency syndrome is proposed in this article. Signs and symptoms of this entity may include one or more of the following clinical dental features: tooth crowding, gingival recession, tooth impactions, rapid resorption of facial alveolar bony plates following premature tooth loss, dentally oriented sleep disorders, extended orthodontic treatment time, and malocclusion relapse following orthodontic therapy. These oral conditions, individually or collectively, seem to be associated with both genetic and functional factors...
March 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210625/new-biomaterials-and-regenerative-medicine-strategies-in-periodontology-oral-surgery-esthetic-and-implant-dentistry-2016
#13
EDITORIAL
David M Dohan Ehrenfest, Adriano Piattelli, Gilberto Sammartino, Hom-Lay Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196157/dynamic-documentation-of-the-smile-and-the-2d-3d-digital-smile-design-process
#14
Christian Coachman, Marcelo Alexandre Calamita, Newton Sesma
Medical and dental histories, clinical examination, study models, and photographs provide the data for a proper diagnosis and the treatment plan for esthetic dentistry. However, they do not offer all the information necessary to analyze the smile and create harmony with the lips and face without excessive intraoral adjustments. Dentolabial parameters vary according to lip dynamics and are influenced by both a static posed smile and a smile in motion as captured in video. This article describes a documentation protocol using smartphone videos to improve the analysis, smile design decisions, and elaboration of a 2D smile frame that will guide the 3D digital smile design project...
March 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185440/influence-of-gender-on-visual-shade-matching-in-dentistry
#15
Oscar E Pecho, Razvan Ghinea, Maria M Perez, Alvaro Della Bona
OBJECTIVE: Accuracy on visual shade matching (VSM) is one of the most difficult procedures in esthetic dentistry. Some variables can influence on this process and gender is one of the most controversial. This observational study evaluated the influence of gender on accuracy of VSM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred observers (65 females and 35 males) shade matched four human upper central incisors (UCI) to shade tabs from Vita Classical (VC) shade guide. In addition, the spectral reflectance values from the four UCI and from the 16 VC shade tabs were measured using a spectroradiometer (SP)...
April 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139078/the-effectiveness-of-a-shade-matching-training-program-on-the-dentists-ability-to-match-teeth-color
#16
Reem Alkhudairy, Esam Tashkandi
AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the effectiveness of a structured shade-match training program on dentists' ability to match teeth colors. METHODS: Forty dentists were selected by convenient sampling with normal color vision. The training program is based on visual attention concept and was divided into two parts (educational and training module). Level of knowledge of color was assessed pre and post using a questionnaire. Shade-matching ability was assessed pre and post by using four tabs of the VITA Linearguide 3D-MASTER shade guide (4R1...
April 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132525/influence-of-custom-made-implant-designs-on-the-biomechanical-performance-for-the-case-of-immediate-post-extraction-placement-in-the-maxillary-esthetic-zone-a-finite-element-analysis
#17
Jianyu Chen, Zhiguang Zhang, Xianshuai Chen, Xiao Zhang
Due to the increasing adoption of immediate implantation strategies and the rapid development of the computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing technology, a therapeutic concept based on patient-specific implant dentistry has recently been reintroduced by many researchers. However, little information is available on the designs of custom-made dental implant systems, especially their biomechanical behavior. The influence of the custom-made implant designs on the biomechanical performance for both an immediate and a delayed loading protocol in the maxillary esthetic zone was evaluated by means of the finite element (FE) method...
January 29, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127849/the-effect-of-color-training-of-dental-students-on-dental-shades-matching-quality
#18
Afnan F Alfouzan, Hussam M Alqahtani, Esam A Tashkandi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of color training on the dental shade matching quality of dental students of both gender and to study the need to include lectures and exercises about shade selection in the undergraduate dental curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty junior dental students from the College of Dentistry at King Saud University participated in the present study and were distributed randomly into four testing groups. They were asked to match the color of four target shade tabs from the VITA Linearguide 3D-MASTER...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118503/cad-cam-assisted-auricular-prosthesis-fabrication-for-a-quick-precise-and-more-retentive-outcome-a-clinical-report
#19
Sushma Yadav, Aparna Ichangod Narayan, Archit Choudhry, Dhanasekar Balakrishnan
Auricular defects comprise a large proportion of maxillofacial deformities. Most patients with acquired deformities have psychosocial ineptness and seek cosmetic rehabilitation. Although minor defects can be corrected surgically, extensive deformities are difficult to reconstruct with plastic surgery. Contrary to that, prosthetic restoration can provide excellent esthetic results. The conventional methods of maxillofacial prosthesis fabrication are time consuming and the outcome depends on the technician's skill...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112854/a-current-perspective-on-screw-retained-single-implant-restorations-a-review-of-pertinent-literature
#20
REVIEW
George Priest
OBJECTIVE: There is a trend toward increased use of screw-retained single-implant restorations. A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to examine the data related to screw- and cement-retention and to objectively evaluate the innovations in implant dentistry that have led to this resurgence. OVERVIEW: When comparing the two options, survival and complication rates are similar, bone and soft-tissue levels are comparable, and zirconia offers esthetic advantages for both selections...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
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