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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229253/the-biology-of-uveal-melanoma
#1
Adriana Amaro, Rosaria Gangemi, Francesca Piaggio, Giovanna Angelini, Gaia Barisione, Silvano Ferrini, Ulrich Pfeffer
Uveal melanoma (UM), a rare cancer of the eye, is distinct from cutaneous melanoma by its etiology, the mutation frequency and profile, and its clinical behavior including resistance to targeted therapy and immune checkpoint blockers. Primary disease is efficiently controlled by surgery or radiation therapy, but about half of UMs develop distant metastasis mostly to the liver. Survival of patients with metastasis is below 1 year and has not improved in decades. Recent years have brought a deep understanding of UM biology characterized by initiating mutations in the G proteins GNAQ and GNA11...
February 22, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228711/cutaneous-metastasis-from-breast-tumour-seeding-in-percutaneous-needle-biopsy
#2
Imma Savarese, Federica Scarfì, Alessia Gori, Federica Papi, Antonietta D'Errico, Marta Grazzini, Piero Covarelli, Vincenzo De Giorgi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224364/the-impact-of-smoking-on-sentinel-node-metastasis-of-primary-cutaneous-melanoma
#3
Maris S Jones, Peter C Jones, Stacey L Stern, David Elashoff, Dave S B Hoon, John Thompson, Nicola Mozzillo, Omgo E Nieweg, Dirk Noyes, Harald J Hoekstra, Jonathan S Zager, Daniel F Roses, Alessandro Testori, Brendon J Coventry, Mark B Smithers, Robert Andtbacka, Doreen Agnese, Erwin Schultz, Eddy C Hsueh, Mark Kelley, Schlomo Schneebaum, Lisa Jacobs, Tawnya Bowles, Mohammed Kashani-Sabet, Douglas Johnson, Mark B Faries
BACKGROUND: Although a well-established causative relationship exists between smoking and several epithelial cancers, the association of smoking with metastatic progression in melanoma is not well studied. We hypothesized that smokers would be at increased risk for melanoma metastasis as assessed by sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy. METHODS: Data from the first international Multicenter Selective Lymphadenectomy Trial (MSLT-I) and the screening-phase of the second trial (MSLT-II) were analyzed to determine the association of smoking with clinicopathologic variables and SLN metastasis...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223766/cutaneous-implantation-metastasis-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-following-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy
#4
Chan Ho Na, Dong Jin Kim, Min Sung Kim, Bong Seok Shin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217487/cutaneous-metastasis-from-prostate-carcinoma
#5
Savera Gupta, Manjaree Morgaonkar, Suresh K Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203164/successful-treatment-of-advanced-primary-cutaneous-apocrine-carcinoma-on-the-scrotum-with-systemic-chemotherapy-and-radiotherapy-followed-by-denosumab
#6
Sadanori Furudate, Taku Fujimura, Akira Tsukada, Yota Sato, Takanori Hidaka, Kayo Tanita, Yumi Kambayashi, Takahiro Haga, Akira Hashimoto, Setsuya Aiba
Primary cutaneous apocrine carcinoma (PCAC) is a rare and highly aggressive cutaneous adnexal type of tumor that has a high metastasis rate and a poor prognosis. Although there are several case reports describing the successful treatment of PCAC with chemoradiotherapy or molecular targeting therapy, no standard therapy for the treatment of advanced PCAC has been established yet. Since receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) is expressed in cancers of apocrine origin, leading to immunosuppression at the tumor site, we hypothesized that targeting RANKL with denosumab might be useful for the treatment of PCAC...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202188/rate-of-regional-nodal-metastases-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-immunosuppressed-patient
#7
Eamon J McLaughlin, Lauren Miller, Thuzar M Shin, Joseph F Sobanko, Steven B Cannady, Christopher J Miller, Jason G Newman
PURPOSE: Immunosuppressed solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) have an increased risk of developing cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCCs) with metastatic potential. This study sought to determine the rate of regional lymph node involvement in a large cohort of solid organ transplant patients with cutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on solid organ transplant patients with head and neck cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma treated at a tertiary academic medical center from 2005 to 2015...
February 4, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195965/pleural-metastasis-from-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma
#8
Andrea K Mytinger, Kaiser G Lim, Ryan M Kern, John J Mullon, Eric S Edell, Ali I Saeed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182109/acute-truncal-lymphedema-secondary-to-axillary-metastatic-melanoma-presenting-like-cellulitis
#9
Shelley J E Hwang, Benjamin Y Kong, Shaun Chou, Deepal Wakade, Matteo S Carlino, Pablo Fernandez-Penas
There are reported cases of diphencyprone used in treating cutaneous metastases of melanoma. Here, we report a patient with previous primary melanoma on his left back treated with surgical excision and lymphadenectomy, followed by radiotherapy for the recurrent tumor on the primary site. Despite radiotherapy and treatment with dabrafenib and trametinib, in-transit metastases have developed and topical diphencyprone was applied to these metastases. Six weeks later, the patient developed fever and a spreading erythematous tender indurated plaque covering the left side of the body including axillae, back, and flank, clinically suggestive of cellulitis...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171845/a-first-reported-case-of-metastatic-anorectal-amelanotic-melanoma-with-a-marked-response-to-anti-pd-1-antibody-nivolumab-a-case-report
#10
Katsuji Tokuhara, Kazuyoshi Nakatani, Hirotsugu Tanimura, Kazuhiko Yoshioka, Takahiro Kiyohara, Masanori Kon
INTRODUCTION: Anorectal amelanotic melanoma (AAMM) is a rare disease with poor prognosis. A standard treatment strategy for AAMM has not been established. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of successful treatment of AAMM with nivolumab. A 67-year-old man was referred for colonoscopy which revealed type I tumor in the rectum. AAMM was diagnosed with immunostaining histopathological biopsy findings. Enhanced computed tomography (ECT) revealed the rectal tumor without distant organ metastasis...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162999/health-related-quality-of-life-with-adjuvant-ipilimumab-versus-placebo-after-complete-resection-of-high-risk-stage-iii-melanoma-eortc-18071-secondary-outcomes-of-a-multinational-randomised-double-blind-phase-3-trial
#11
Corneel Coens, Stefan Suciu, Vanna Chiarion-Sileni, Jean-Jacques Grob, Reinhard Dummer, Jedd D Wolchok, Henrik Schmidt, Omid Hamid, Caroline Robert, Paolo A Ascierto, Jon M Richards, Celeste Lebbé, Virginia Ferraresi, Michael Smylie, Jeffrey S Weber, Michele Maio, Andrew Bottomley, Srividya Kotapati, Veerle de Pril, Alessandro Testori, Alexander M M Eggermont
BACKGROUND: The EORTC 18071 phase 3 trial compared adjuvant ipilimumab with placebo in patients with stage III melanoma. The primary endpoint, recurrence-free survival, was significantly longer in the ipilimumab group than in the placebo group. Investigator-reported toxic effects of ipilimumab consisted mainly of skin, gastrointestinal, endocrine, and hepatic immune-related adverse events. Adjuvant treatment with ipilimumab in this setting was approved in October, 2014, by the US Food and Drug Administration based on the results of the primary outcome of this trial...
February 2, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157733/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lip-a-review-of-squamous-cell-carcinogenesis-of-the-mucosal-and-cutaneous-junction
#12
James P Bota, Alexis B Lyons, Bryan T Carroll
BACKGROUND: The lip is an anatomic junction for 2 disparate groups of cancer. Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is a common malignancy with a favorable prognosis, whereas oral-mucosal squamous cell carcinoma (omSCC) is associated with significantly higher rates of nodal disease and worse outcomes. The squamous cell carcinoma of the lip (lip SCC) is more aggressive than cSCC but less aggressive than omSCC. However, work-up and treatment vary between specialties. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to review and compare the risk factors and clinical behavior of cSCC, omSCC, and lip SCC, review tumor biology of squamous cell carcinoma, and compare work-up and treatment algorithms for lip SCC...
February 1, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149222/merkel-cell-carcinoma-of-the-hand-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Donevan R Westerveld, David J Hall, Winston T Richards
Background: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a relatively rare and aggressive cutaneous neuroendocrine malignancy characterized by high incidence of local recurrence, distant metastases, regional nodal metastases, and high mortality. Clinically, MCC presents as a persistent asymptomatic red/pink shaped nodule, usually smaller than 2 cm with nontender intracutaneous swelling, with rapidly growing localized disease with lymph node metastases preceding distant metastases. Because of its rare nature and the lack of comprehensive understanding of the disease, management of MCC has been controversial...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138035/co-targeting-hgf-cmet-signaling-with-mek-inhibitors-in-metastatic-uveal-melanoma
#14
Hanyin Cheng, Vivian Chua, Connie Liao, Timothy J Purwin, Mizue Terai, Ken Kageyama, Michael A Davies, Takami Sato, Andrew E Aplin
Metastatic uveal melanoma (UM) patients usually die within one year of diagnosis, emphasizing an urgent need to develop new treatment strategies. The liver is the most common site of metastasis. Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitors improve survival in V600 BRAF-mutated cutaneous melanoma patients but have limited efficacy in UM patients. Our previous work showed that HGF signaling elicits resistance to MEK inhibitors in metastatic UM. In this study, we demonstrate that expression of two BH3-only family proteins, Bim-EL and BMF, contributes to HGF-mediated resistance to MEK inhibitors...
January 30, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133319/-two-year-recurrence-free-survival-after-resection-of-cutaneous-metastasis-from-pancreatic-cancer-a-case-report
#15
Takahiko Tanigawa, Yasunori Hasuike, Yousuke Akiyama, Ichiro Higuchi, Akira Ishikawa, Sanae Hosomi, Makoto Miyamoto
The patient was a 73-year-old woman who underwent distalpancreatectomy for pancreas tailcancer (T3, N0, M0, stage III ). Hepatic arterialinfusion(HAI)using high-dose 5-fluorouracil(5-FU)(6,000mg/week)was performed 35 days after curative resection to prevent liver metastases. Although chemotherapy with gemcitabine(GEM)was administered for 2 weeks, the patient was aware of a nodule(1 cm in diameter)on the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. Resection of the cutaneous mass was performed and histological findings revealed metastatic adenocarcinoma from the pancreas cancer...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130284/metastatic-endometrial-endometrioid-carcinoma-mimicking-pilomatrixoma-of-the-distal-vagina
#16
Simon M Scheck, Peter Bethwaite, Carol Johnson, Ole Mogensen
Endometrioid carcinoma with a prominent squamous component has the ability to mimic pilomatrixoma. One previous case is documented of cutaneous metastasis in the upper limb derived from ovarian endometrioid carcinoma mimicking pilomatrixoma. Here, we describe a case of metastasis of endometrial endometrioid carcinoma in the distal vagina, treated with radiotherapy and later resected. The histology of the lesion was thought initially to represent pilomatrixoma; this has not previously been described in the vagina, where no hair matrix cells are normally present...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128848/head-and-neck-cancers-major-changes-in-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-eighth-edition-cancer-staging-manual
#17
William M Lydiatt, Snehal G Patel, Brian O'Sullivan, Margaret S Brandwein, John A Ridge, Jocelyn C Migliacci, Ashley M Loomis, Jatin P Shah
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The recently released eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual, Head and Neck Section, introduces significant modifications from the prior seventh edition. This article details several of the most significant modifications, and the rationale for the revisions, to alert the reader to evolution of the field. The most significant update creates a separate staging algorithm for high-risk human papillomavirus-associated cancer of the oropharynx, distinguishing it from oropharyngeal cancer with other causes...
January 27, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128082/a-giant-basal-cell-carcinoma-misdiagnosed-and-mistreated-as-a-chronic-venous-ulcer
#18
Dijana Celić, Jasna Lipozenčić, Suzana Ljubojević Hadžavdić, Jolanda Kanižaj Rajković, Davorin Lončarić, Tajana Borlinić
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cutaneous malignancy. Giant BCCs are quite rare. They can cause extensive local invasion, disfigurement, and metastasis. We present a case of a 58-year-old woman with an unrecognized and inadequately treated ulcerated giant BCC sized 12.5 × 10.0 cm that occurred on her left lower leg without any sign of metastasis. Neglect and inadequate treatment of the primary lesion are the most important contributing factors responsible for size in giant BCC.
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119994/placental-growth-factor-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-together-regulate-tumour-progression-via-increased-vasculature-in-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma
#19
Tomomitsu Miyagaki, Makoto Sugaya, Tomonori Oka, Naomi Takahashi, Makiko Kawaguchi, Hiraku Suga, Hideki Fujita, Ayumi Yoshizaki, Yoshihide Asano, Shinichi Sato
Angiogenesis is regarded as an essential step in supporting tumour growth and metastasis. In haematological malignancies, including cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL), angiogenesis is increased and serum levels of some pro-angiogenic markers are elevated. The aim of this study was to investigate expression levels of placental growth factor (PlGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A in lesional skin and sera in patients with CTCL, and to assess the association of these factors with development of CTCL...
January 25, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118487/electrochemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-metastatic-malignant-melanoma-a-prospective-cohort-study-by-inspect
#20
C Kunte, V Letulé, J Gehl, K Dahlstroem, P Curatolo, R Rotunno, T Muir, A Occhini, G Bertino, B Powell, W Saxinger, G Lechner, S-H Liew, R Pritchard-Jones, P Rutkowski, M Zdzienicki, D Mowatt, A J Sykes, A Orlando, G Mitsala, C R Rossi, L Campana, M Brizio, F de Terlizzi, P Quaglino, J Odili
BACKGROUND: Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is an effective local treatment for cutaneous metastasis. Treatment involves the administration of chemotherapeutic drugs followed by delivery of electrical pulses to the tumour. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of ECT in cutaneous metastases of melanoma and to identify factors which affect (beneficially or adversely) the outcome. METHODS: 13 cancer centres in the International Network for Sharing Practices on Electrochemotherapy (INSPECT) consecutively and prospectively uploaded data to a common database...
January 24, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
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