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William Bullock, E Reed Smith, Craig Heligman
A number of recent incidents in the United States resulted in a large number of citizens reporting to the Emergency Room seeking reassurance that they were okay. These citizens are being referred to in the medical community as the "Worried Well." We conducted a review of a transportation incident involving a chemical release and fire, which resulted in over 100 people reporting to the local emergency room for evaluation. Few, if any of the patients seen in the hospital had a potential exposure to the chemical or combustion byproducts...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Sharone Bar-David
A recent study of patient violence toward hospital physicians and nurses offers a welcome perspective in its classifying of aggressive behaviors as workplace violence. While patients and families are widely recognized as sources of rude behaviors, we need to shed light on passive aggressive and other low-level rude behaviors that take place frequently amongst hospital personnel as well. Studied under the term "workplace incivility," these seemingly insignificant behaviors that show lack of regard for colleagues have far reaching negative consequences...
March 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Mark L Urken, Ansley M Roche, Kimberly J Kiplagat, Eliza H Dewey, Cathy Lazarus, Ilya Likhterov, Daniel Buchbinder, Devin J Okay
BACKGROUND: Palatomaxillary defects were historically restored with a prosthetic obturator; however, advances in local and free tissue transfer has provided a viable alternative for appropriately selected patients with palatomaxillary defects. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent palatomaxillary reconstruction by the lead author between 1998 and 2016 was conducted. Patients who were restored with a palatal obturator were excluded. RESULTS: One hundred forty patients were reconstructed with a total of 159 local, regional, and free flaps with a 96...
March 14, 2018: Head & Neck
Justin A Haegele, T Nicole Kirk
The purpose of this study was to adopt an explicitly intersectional approach to examine the embodied perspectives of males with visual impairments about physical education. An interpretative phenomenological analysis research approach was used, and six adults (18-33 years) who identified as males with visual impairments acted as participants. The primary sources of data were semistructured, audiotaped, telephone interviews and reflective field notes. Thematic development utilized a four-step interpretative phenomenological analysis-guided analytical process...
March 13, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Armin Moehrle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
A Hines, A C Bundy, M Haertsch, M Wallen
AIM: To explore parent's perspective of their child's participation in a magic-themed intervention called Amazing Magic Club (AMC), and to further our understanding of motivated engagement and the impact of themed group-based interventions for children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty-nine parents of children with unilateral CP completed semi-structured interviews. The child participants (n = 28) attended one of three AMCs; average age of the children was 10y 6mo (SD 2y 2mo)...
February 26, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Katri Pöllänen, Hein de Vries, Catherine Mathews, Francine Schneider, Petrus J de Vries
Sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem worldwide. Research regarding beliefs about perpetrating sexual IPV is, however, limited. This study investigated attitudes, social influence, and self-efficacy beliefs and intentions toward perpetrating sexual IPV among Grade 8 adolescents ( M age = 13.73, SD = 1.04) in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. The study sample was taken from the baseline data of the Promoting sexual and reproductive health among adolescents in Southern and Eastern Africa (PREPARE) study, a cluster-randomized controlled trial...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Ahmet Talha Uzumcu, Orhan Guney, Oguz Okay
We present mechanically strong and self-healable clay hydrogels containing 2 to 8 w/v% ds-DNA together with a synthetic biocompatible polymer, poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide). Clay nanoparticles in the hydrogels act like a chemical cross-linker and promote their elastic behavior while DNA contributes to their viscoelastic energy dissipation. The extent of mechanical hysteresis during cyclic tensile tests reveals that the strength of intermolecular bonds in DNA/clay hydrogels is in the range of the strength of hydrogen bonds...
February 14, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shunji Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Cemile Kocoglu, Asli Gundogdu, Gulsen Kocaman, Pinar Kahraman-Koytak, Kayihan Uluc, Gunes Kiziltan, Ahmet Okay Caglayan, Kaya Bilguvar, Atay Vural, A Nazli Basak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Neurology. Genetics
Juan Bermejo-Vega, Nicolas Delfosse, Dan E Browne, Cihan Okay, Robert Raussendorf
A central question in quantum computation is to identify the resources that are responsible for quantum speed-up. Quantum contextuality has been recently shown to be a resource for quantum computation with magic states for odd-prime dimensional qudits and two-dimensional systems with real wave functions. The phenomenon of state-independent contextuality poses a priori an obstruction to characterizing the case of regular qubits, the fundamental building block of quantum computation. Here, we establish contextuality of magic states as a necessary resource for a large class of quantum computation schemes on qubits...
September 22, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Martin Jones, Monika Ferguson, Sandra Walsh, Lee Martinez, Michael Marsh, Kathryn Cronin, Nicolas Procter
There are well-established training programmes available to support health and human services professionals working with people vulnerable to suicide. However, little is known about involving people with lived experience in the delivery of suicide prevention training with communities with increased rates of suicide. The aim of this paper was to report on a formative dialogical evaluation that explored the views of health and human services workers with regard to a suicide prevention training programme in regional (including rural and remote areas) South Australia which included meaningful involvement of a person with lived experience in the development and delivery of the training...
January 8, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Ashley E Ermer, Andrea L Roach, Marilyn Coleman, Lawrence Ganong
In this mixed methods study, we explored how gender of an aggressor and the levels of aggression (i.e., yelling, throwing a drink, slapping, and punching) influenced attitudes about (a) public displays of intimate partner violence (IPV) and (b) bystander intervention. A feminist-informed, social constructionist perspective guided the study. Participants ( N = 562) responded online to randomly assigned factorial vignettes. Participants ranged in age between 18 and 70 years. The majority were female, self-identified as heterosexual, and identified as White...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Amina Merzoug, Abdelouahab Chikhi, Abderrahmane Bensegueni, Hanane Boucherit, Sezer Okay
The increasing resistance of bacteria to antibacterial therapy poses an enormous health problem, it renders the development of new antibacterial agents with novel mechanism of action an urgent need. Peptide deformylase, a metalloenzyme which catalytically removes N-formyl group from N-terminal methionine of newly synthesized polypeptides, is an important target in antibacterial drug discovery. In this study, we report the structure-based virtual screening of ZINC database in order to discover potential hits as bacterial peptide deformylase enzyme inhibitors with more affinity as compared to GSK1322322, previously known inhibitor...
October 9, 2017: Molecular Informatics
Agnieszka Dzioba, Daniel Aalto, Georgina Papadopoulos-Nydam, Hadi Seikaly, Jana Rieger, Johan Wolfaardt, Martin Osswald, Jeffrey R Harris, Daniel A O'Connell, Cathy Lazarus, Mark Urken, Ilya Likhterov, Raymond L Chai, Erika Rauscher, Daniel Buchbinder, Devin Okay, Risto-Pekka Happonen, Ilpo Kinnunen, Heikki Irjala, Tero Soukka, Juhani Laine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Crystal M Cooley, Jessica M Quimby, Sarah Ma Caney, Liberty G Sieberg
Objectives The purpose of this study was to survey owners regarding their practices and experiences with the administration of subcutaneous (SC) fluids at home to cats with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to gain insight that might help more owners be successful with the procedure. Methods A web-based survey was advertised online. Owners of 468 cats with CKD participated, 399 of whom administered SC fluids. Results Fifty-nine percent of the cats were domestic shorthairs, with >85% of the cats being 10 years of age or older...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Okay Koç, İbrahim Tayfun Şahiner, Feza Ekiz
BACKGROUND The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of patient positioning prior to trocar entry in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS The records of 300 patients that had a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery at Aydin State Hospital from January 2015 until January 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. First, 140 patients who had been placed in the surgical position after the entry of trocars (PAET) were included as the first group, and 160 patients who had been placed in the surgical position before entry of trocars (PBET) were included as the second group...
September 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Martee L Hensley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
Agnieszka Dzioba, Daniel Aalto, Georgina Papadopoulos-Nydam, Hadi Seikaly, Jana Rieger, Johan Wolfaardt, Martin Osswald, Jeffrey R Harris, Daniel A O'Connell, Cathy Lazarus, Mark Urken, Ilya Likhterov, Raymond L Chai, Erika Rauscher, Daniel Buchbinder, Devin Okay, Risto-Pekka Happonen, Ilpo Kinnunen, Heikki Irjala, Tero Soukka, Juhani Laine
BACKGROUND: While aggressive treatment for oral cancer may optimize survival, decrements in speech and swallowing function and quality of life often result. This exploratory study investigated how patients recover their communicative function, swallowing ability, and quality of life after primary surgery [with or without adjuvant (chemo)radiation therapy] for tongue cancer over the course of the first year post-operation. METHODS: Patients treated for oral cancer at three institutions (University of Alberta Hospital, Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center, and Turku University Hospital) were administered patient-reported outcomes assessing speech [Speech Handicap Index (SHI)], swallowing [(M...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Thomas Ströbel, Sibylle Madlener, Serkan Tuna, Sarah Vose, Tonny Lagerweij, Thomas Wurdinger, Klemens Vierlinger, Adelheid Wöhrer, Brendan D Price, Bruce Demple, Okay Saydam, Nurten Saydam
Ape1 is the major apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease activity in mammalian cells, and a key factor in base-excision repair of DNA. High expression or aberrant subcellular distribution of Ape1 has been detected in many cancer types, correlated with drug response, tumor prognosis, or patient survival. Here we present evidence that Ape1 facilitates BRCA1-mediated homologous recombination repair (HR), while counteracting error-prone non-homologous end joining of DNA double-strand breaks. Furthermore, Ape1, coordinated with checkpoint kinase Chk2, regulates drug response of glioblastoma cells...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
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