keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cabg surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453798/caveolin-2-a-facultative-marker-of-unfavourable-prognosis-in-long-term-patency-rate-of-internal-thoracic-artery-grafts-used-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-preliminary-report
#1
Agnieszka Malinska, Zuzanna Podemska, Patrycja Sujka-Kordowska, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Michal Nowicki, Bartlomiej Perek, Martin Witt
OBJECTIVES: Intimal hyperplasia leading to graft failure in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is related to vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) proliferation. SMCs respond to a variety of mediators, the most important of which is platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). The platelet-derived growth factor-induced cellular response has been shown to be mediated by caveolins. The aim of this study was to analyze CAV1-3 expression in internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafts used in CABG and correlate their expression with graft occlusion...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453797/coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-young-adults-excellent-perioperative-results-and-long-term-survival
#2
Joana Saraiva, Pedro E Antunes, Manuel J Antunes
OBJECTIVES: To analyse perioperative results, long-term survival and freedom from complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in young adults. METHODS: A total of 163 patients, 40 years old or younger, had isolated CABG from January 1989 to December 2010. Pre- and perioperative demographic and clinical data were retrieved from a prospectively organised database. Follow-up data were obtained by letter or telephone interviews. The mean age of the patients was 37...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453734/novel-targets-and-future-strategies-for-acute-cardioprotection-position-paper-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-working-group-on-cellular-biology-of-the-heart
#3
Derek J Hausenloy, David Garcia-Dorado, Hans Erik Bøtker, Sean M Davidson, James Downey, Felix B Engel, Robert Jennings, Sandrine Lecour, Jonathan Leor, Rosalinda Madonna, Michel Ovize, Cinzia Perrino, Fabrice Prunier, Rainer Schulz, Joost P G Sluijter, Linda W Van Laake, Jakob Vinten-Johansen, Derek M Yellon, Kirsti Ytrehus, Gerd Heusch, Péter Ferdinandy
Ischaemic heart disease and the heart failure that often results, remain the leading causes of death and disability in Europe and worldwide. As such, in order to prevent heart failure and improve clinical outcomes in patients presenting with an acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery, novel therapies are required to protect the heart against the detrimental effects of acute ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). During the last three decades, a wide variety of ischaemic conditioning strategies and pharmacological treatments have been tested in the clinic-however, their translation from experimental to clinical studies for improving patient outcomes has been both challenging and disappointing...
May 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446548/regional-left-ventricular-function-does-not-predict-survival-in-ischaemic-cardiomyopathy-after-cardiac-surgery
#4
David L Prior, Susanna R Stevens, Thomas A Holly, Michal Krejca, Alexandros Paraforos, Gerald M Pohost, Krysti Byrd, Tomasz Kukulski, Robert H Jones, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, Padmini Varadarajan, Aman Amanullah, Grace Lin, Hussein R Al-Khalidi, Gabriel Aldea, Carlo Santambrogio, Andrzej Bochenek, Daniel S Berman
OBJECTIVES: To define the prognostic contribution of global and regional left ventricular (LV) function measurements in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy randomised to coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with (n=501) or without (n=499) surgical ventricular reconstruction (SVR). METHODS: Novel multivariable methods to analyse global and regional LV systolic function were used to better formulate prediction models for long-term mortality following CABG with or without SVR in the entire cohort of 1000 randomised SVR hypothesis patients...
April 26, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439192/bedside-vein-mapping-for-conduit-size-in-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#5
Frank Manetta, Pey-Jen Yu, Allan Mattia, John C Karaptis, Alan R Hartman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The greater saphenous vein has been used in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for more than 50 years. Endoscopic vein harvesting has greatly reduced the morbidity associated with obtaining the vein, but the quality of the vein could not be assessed before its was exposed surgically or after the endoscopic procedure had been performed. This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative mapping of the greater saphenous vein at the bedside in assessing suitable conduit size for use in CABG...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438354/coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-versus-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with-drug-eluting-stents-for-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#6
Alessandro Putzu, Michele Gallo, Enrico Antonio Martino, Enrico Ferrari, Giovanni Pedrazzini, Tiziano Moccetti, Tiziano Cassina
BACKGROUND: Despite several clinical studies, efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with left main (LM) disease remains controversial. The objective of this meta-analysis of randomized trials was to evaluate the clinical outcome of CABG versus PCI with drug-eluting stents in LM coronary disease. METHODS: We systematically searched online databases up to March 2017 for randomized trials comparing CABG to PCI with drug-eluting stents...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433995/effect-of-prophylactic-dialysis-on-morbidity-and-mortality-in-non-dialysis-dependent-patients-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-pilot-study
#7
Roghayeh Borji, Seyyed Hossein Ahmadi, Khosrow Barkhordari, Ali Pasha Meysami, Abbas Ali Karimi, Seyedeh Hamideh Mortazavi, Parinaaz Dadlani, Farah Ayatollah Zadeh Esfahani, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Khatami
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with pre-existing renal dysfunction. Numerous measures have been implemented to overcome this problem; however, no improvement in outcomes has been achieved. This study was aimed at investigating the effects of prophylactic dialysis on mortality and morbidity in these patients. METHODS: This randomized-controlled clinical trial enrolled 88 non-dialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease awaiting CABG surgery...
April 22, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431717/chronic-periaortitis-of-ascending-aorta-with-bilateral-ostial-coronary-stenosis-in-a-young-female
#8
Gauranga Majumdar, Aditya Kapoor, Surendra K Agarwal, Navneet Srivastava, Ram Nawal Rao, Neetu Soni
An 18-year-old woman without any risk factors for coronary artery disease or systemic vasculitis and infection presented with recurrent angina at rest. Coronary angiography revealed 100% occlusion of the ostial left main coronary artery and severe ostial right coronary artery stenosis. She underwent successful coronary artery bypass graft surgery. At surgery, the external surface of the ascending aorta was covered with a soft-tissue thickened mass; histopathology of the mass revealed chronic nonspecific inflammatory aortitis...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430307/the-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-coronary-steal-after-ipsilateral-avf-in-patients-with-a-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#9
Sanghyun Ahn, Ahram Han, Song-Yi Kim, Chanjoong Choi, Sang-Il Min, Jongwon Ha, Ho Young Hwang, Ki-Bong Kim, Seung-Kee Min
OBJECTIVE: Ipsilateral arteriovenous fistula (AVF) may cause symptoms of coronary steal in patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) using internal thoracic artery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adverse effects of ipsilateral AVF to CABG, including the incidence of coronary steal, and to analyze the risk factors for coronary steal. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2013, a total of 25 patients undergoing hemodialysis via upper extremity AVF, ipsilateral to the preexisting CABG, were reviewed retrospectively...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427580/quality-of-life-after-surgery-or-des-in-patients-with-3-vessel-or-left-main-disease
#10
Mouin S Abdallah, Kaijun Wang, Elizabeth A Magnuson, Ruben L Osnabrugge, A Pieter Kappetein, Marie-Claude Morice, Friedrich A Mohr, Patrick W Serruys, David J Cohen
BACKGROUND: In the SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial, patients with 3-vessel or left main coronary artery disease (CAD) had improved long-term outcomes with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES), improvements driven mainly by differences in myocardial infarction and repeat revascularization. OBJECTIVES: This study compared the long-term quality-of-life benefits of DES-PCI versus CABG for patients with 3-vessel or left main CAD...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427403/preoperative-carbohydrate-load-and-intraoperatively-infused-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-positively-impact-nosocomial-morbidity-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-double-blind-controlled-randomized-trial
#11
Gibran Roder Feguri, Paulo Ruiz Lúcio de Lima, Danilo de Cerqueira Borges, Laura Ramos Toledo, Larissa Nadaf Batista, Thaís Carvalho E Silva, Neuber José Segri, José Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento
BACKGROUND: A strategy of limited preoperative fasting, with carbohydrate (CHO) loading and intraoperative infusion of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA), has seldom been tried in cardiovascular surgery. Brief fasting, followed by CHO intake 2 h before anesthesia, may improve recovery from CABG procedures and lower perioperative vasoactive drug requirements. Infusion of ω-3 PUFA may reduce occurrences of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and shorten hospital stays...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427392/percutaneous-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-in-left-main-coronary-artery-stenosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Xin-Lin Zhang, Qing-Qing Zhu, Jing-Jing Yang, Yu-Han Chen, Yang Li, Su-Hui Zhu, Jun Xie, Lian Wang, Li-Na Kang, Biao Xu
BACKGROUND: The optimal revascularization technique in patients with left main coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. We aimed to compare the long-term performance of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in treatment of left main CAD. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched until November 16, 2016. RESULTS: Six randomized controlled trials and 22 matched observational studies including 22,487 patients and 90,167 patient-years of follow-up were included...
April 21, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423997/do-lipid-microemboli-induce-acute-kidney-injury-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#13
Richard Issitt, Tim James, Bronagh Walsh, David Voegeli
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiopulmonary bypass affects 5% of patients, representing significant postoperative morbidity and mortality. Animal models have shown an increased uptake of lipid microemboli (LME) into the renal vasculature, potentially indicating ischaemic causation. This study tested a new lipid filtration system (RemoweLL) against a conventional system with no lipid-depleting capacity to determine the efficacy of the filtration system and its effects on renal function...
April 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423123/n-acetylcysteine-versus-dopamine-to-prevent-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-preexisting-moderate-renal-insufficiency
#14
Omer Faruk Savluk, Fusun Guzelmeric, Yasemin Yavuz, Deniz Cevirme, Emre Gurcu, Halide Ogus, Tulay Orki, Tuncer Kocak
Objective: Acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery is associated with mortality and morbidity. Therefore, strategies to prevent acute kidney injury are very important. The aim of this placebo-controlled randomized double-blind study was to compare the prophylactic efficacy of N-Acetylcysteine and dopamine administration in patients with pre-existing moderate renal insufficiency who were undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods: This study included 135 patients with pre-existing moderate renal insufficiency who were scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422282/analysis-of-circulating-mir-1-mir-23a-and-mir-26a-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-undergoing-coronary-bypass-artery-grafting-surgery
#15
Andre Feldman, Dalmo Antonio Ribeiro Moreira, Carlos Gun, Hui-Tzu Lin Wang, Mario Hiroyuki Hirata, Juliana de Freitas Germano, Gabriela Guimarães Sousa Leite, Pedro Farsky
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. From a pathophysiological point of view, a myriad of factors such as trauma, atrial dilation, ischemia, mechanical myopericarditis, autonomic imbalance, loss of connexins, AF nest remodeling, inflammation, sutures, and dysfunction caused by postextracorporeal circulation can contribute to postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) resulting in a longer hospital stay and consequently higher cost. Recent studies showed that short fragments of RNA, called microRNA (miRNA), can contribute to the development of several cardiovascular diseases, including AF...
May 2017: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419884/fish-oil-supplementation-for-primary-prevention-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Ali Vasheghani Farahani, Awat Yousefi Azar, Hamid Reza Goodarzynejad, Elnaz Khorrami, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Sima Oshnouei, Alireza Alizadeh Ghavidel, Elham Golfeshan, Fateme Ghourban Pour
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery is a common complication that may influence patients' early and long term outcomes and hospital costs. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of fish oil on occurrence of AF following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: This study was a single-center, randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Four-hundred and one patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomly assigned to receive 2 g/d fish oil or placebo (olive oil) for at least 5 days before surgery...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418908/plasma-protein-profiling-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-and-clinical-significance
#17
Zhi-Peng Guo, Hai-Tao Hou, Rui Jing, Zhen-Guo Song, Xiao-Cheng Liu, Guo-Wei He
This study was designed to identify the protein profiling in patients with triple vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing CABG, in order to detect CAD-related differential proteins in these patients. CABG patients with triple vessel disease with/without left main stenosis (n =160) were compared to normal coronary angiographic subjects (n =160). Plasma samples of 20 males and 20 females in each group were analyzed with iTRAQ technique. ELISA test was used to test the chosen proteins from iTRAQ results in plasma samples from a new cohort of the CABG group (n=120, male/femal=61/59) and control (n =120, male/female=60/60)...
March 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418362/-individual-learning-curves-for-microsurgical-myocardial-revascularization
#18
A N Semchenko, A A Sadykov
AIM: To create individual learning curves for microsurgical myocardial revascularization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was analyzed duration of the individual stages of the first 100 CABG procedures which were performed using microsurgical technique and surgical microscope. Graphs reflecting correlation between duration of the individual surgical stages and their number were framed. RESULTS: Improvement in distal anastomosis time, aortic cross-clamping time, cardiopulmonary bypass time and duration of surgery was observed with increased surgeon's experience...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417897/oral-magnesium-supplementation-reduces-the-incidence-of-gastrointestinal-complications-following-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Seyed Tayeb Moradian, Mohammad Saeid Ghiasi, Alireza Mohamadpour, Yadollah Siavash
Gastrointestinal complications are common after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. These complications are ranged from nausea and vomiting to mesenteric ischemia and liver failure. It seems that nausea, vomiting, and constipation are related to magnesium deficiency. This study was designed to examine the effect of oral magnesium supplementation on the incidence of gastrointestinal complications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. In a single blinded randomized clinical trial, 102 patients who were undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomly allocated into two groups, 52 patients in the intervention and 50 patients in control group...
February 1, 2017: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416323/review-of-coronary-subclavian-steal-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Bennett Cua, Natasha Mamdani, David Halpin, Sunny Jhamnani, Sasanka Jayasuriya, Carlos Mena-Hurtado
The clinical benefits of using the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to bypass the left anterior descending artery are well established making it the most frequently used conduit for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS) occurs during left arm exertion when (1) the LIMA is used during bypass surgery and (2) there is a high grade (≥75%) left subclavian artery stenosis or occlusion proximal to the ostia of the LIMA resulting in "stealing" of the myocardial blood supply via retrograde flow up the LIMA graft to maintain left upper extremity perfusion...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
keyword
keyword
105102
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"