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Brunno Henrique Lanzellotti Sampaio, Nelson Ferreira-Jr
The genus Ytu Reichardt is the most diverse within Torridincolidae, currently with 19 species. Five new species are described herein, four of them from various localities in the southeast of Brazil (type localities in parentheses): Ytu hermes sp. nov. (Brazil, Espírito Santo, Dores do Rio Preto, Pedra Menina, Parque Nacional do Caparaó, Cachoeira Sete Pilões); Ytu hypnos sp. nov. (Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, São Fidelis, Serra Bela Joana); Ytu nyx sp. nov. (Brazil, Espírito Santo, Dores do Rio Preto, Pedra Menina, Parque Nacional do Caparaó, Rio São Domingos, Cachoeira do Aurélio); Ytu thanatos sp...
March 29, 2018: Zootaxa
Uche Ogbuji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Anesthesiology
A Geeraerts, T Dilles, V Foulon, H Habraken, M Petrovic, G Strauven, J Tournoy, O Vandeput, A Wertelaers, E Vlaeyen, K Milisen
Psychotropic drugs (hypno-sedatives, antidepressants and antipsychotics) are commonly used in the older population. On the long term, psychotropic drug use in older persons is associated with several negative functional outcomes such as an increased risk of falls. Gradual withdrawal of psychotropic drugs in older persons is feasible and leads to a significant reduction of falls. Both withdrawal of psychotropic drugs as well as the initiation of appropriate treatment with psychotropic drugs requires knowledge, consultation and cooperation between disciplines and a mentality change among healthcare professionals...
October 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
Majda Azermai, Maarten Wauters, Dirk De Meester, Lisa Renson, Danny Pauwels, Laurine Peeters, Hans Warie, Mirko Petrovic
INTRODUCTION: Government-funded quality improvement projects aimed to reduce the high psychotropic medication use in Belgian long-term care settings. DESIGN: A pilot project (2013-2014) with a pre-post and follow-up intervention design. METHODS: Two nursing homes received three educational courses. In the intervention nursing home (INH) additionally, a transition towards person-centred care through professional support was applied. Drug use was recorded at baseline, after 10 months (post) and after 22 months (follow-up), and coded into the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification...
June 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
Korosh Shahbazi, Kamal Solati, Ali Hasanpour-Dehkordi
INTRODUCTION: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most prevalent gastroenterological disorders. IBS is characterized by abdominal pain, cramping, diarrhea, constipation, bloating and flatulence. Complementary therapy is a group of diverse therapeutic and health care systems products that are used in treatment of IBS. Hypnotherapy helps to alleviate the symptoms of a broad range of diseases and conditions. It can be used independently or along with other treatments. AIM: This study was conducted to compare therapeutic effect of hypnotherapy plus standard medical treatment and standard medical treatment alone on quality of life in patients with IBS...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
P J Vermeulen, F G Zitman
A huge number of natural and synthetic compounds modulate the function of the γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAA-R) by interacting with several allosteric binding sites which may differ in the various GABAA-R subtypes. The benzodiazepine receptor (BDZ-R) is the most intensively studied allosteric site. It is the first allosteric modulatory site on a neurotransmitter receptor that has been found to mediate two opposite functions: facilitation and depression of GABAA-R function. The effects of BDZ-R ligands on behavior range from agonistic (anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, myore-laxant/ataxic and hypno-sedative effects) to inverse-agonistic (anxiety and panic, hypervigilance and convulsions)...
March 2000: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Carlo Antonelli, Marco Luchetti, Luigi De Trana
A male patient needed surgery for the ablation of 4 impacted maxillary molars that prevented chewing and had contributed to progressively worsening trigeminal neuralgia. Two previous anesthetic procedures led to episodes of severe anaphylactic shock with the need for a prolonged stay in the ICU. Hypnotic anesthesia was therefore selected as a safer option for this patient. After 4 preparative sessions, on the day of surgery, the hypnotist provided an induction followed by suggestions for mouth and face anesthesia...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Isabelle Célestin-Lhopiteau
A child or adolescent can suffer from chronic pain. Whatever the causes, it can trap the child in a specific process whereby they focus on the pain, fearing that it will appear and experiencing anxiety. Hypno-analgesia and hypnotherapy enable them to escape this process and find within themselves the capacity to face up to the pain. Moreover, these techniques offer them an autonomy which they can use in all areas of their life.
March 2014: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
Joseph Meyerson, Nir Uziel
Dental phobia is a well-known condition that may prevent patients from receiving adequate dental care. Dentists offer varied methods to help their patients overcome their phobic reactions and to enable them to proceed with needed dental treatment. These methods include diverse medical and behavioral interventions that are generally intended to regulate physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional expressions of stress. Some patients with severe dental phobia together with actual or assumed traumatic background are only minimally responsive to these stress management procedures...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Kerin M Claeson
The Comparative anatomy of the 11 recognized genera within Torpediniformes is described, systematically categorized, and illustrated in a comprehensive photo-atlas. Data are compiled into a character matrix and cladistically analyzed using parsimony to test hypotheses about the previously recognized subfamilies, while reconstructing the possible evolutionary history of Torpediniformes. Results are consistent with the previous rank-based classifications, regardless of the parsimony criteria used to generate the phylogenetic hypothesis, with one notable exception: a monophyletic Narcininae was never recovered...
June 2014: Journal of Morphology
Marc Zabalia
To assess and manage pain in children and adolescents with mild to moderate intellectual disability, healthcare providers need access to updated tools and current knowledge. Recent studies show that these children can verbally express pain and use self-assessment tools accurately. Moreover, they know pain coping strategies. Finally, they show mental imaging skills and are able to recall autobiographical memories. These new data suggest that such children and adolescents could be candidates to for hypno-analgesia protocols and behavioral relaxation...
2013: Frontiers in Public Health
P József Vas
Effects both of hypnotherapy and music therapy are originated from an attunement as supposed by the author. Either to a hypnotherapist's suggestions or to a piece of music one is able to be tuned in them. On one hand, the hypnotherapist's prosody, which can be called as melodic declamation seen as a musical phenomenon transmitting emotions. On the other hand, music has got emotional and visceral impacts. As a meeting points of these two methods four possibilities are shown by the author: 1. musical analogies of vitality affects ; 2...
2013: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Joel Stocker, Hurng-Wern Huang, Hong-Ming Wang, Hsueh-Wei Chang, Chien-Chih Chiu, Chung-Lung Cho, Chao-Neng Tseng
Although an increasing number of RNA adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) editing sites are being discovered, how the editing frequencies of these sites are modulated to fine-tune protein function in adaptive responses is not well understood. A previous study screening for heat tolerance in Drosophila mutants discovered a hypnos-2 mutant strain that was later found to be defective in dADAR, the Drosophila gene encoding the A-to-I editing enzyme. This supports the hypothesis that cells and organisms respond to stressful environments by ADAR (adenosine deaminase acting on RNA)-mediated RNA editing...
September 2013: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Ian P Jacobsen, Mike B Bennett
Standardised diets and trophic level (T L) estimates were calculated for 75 ray species from the suborders Myliobatoidei (67 spp.) and Torpedinoidei (8 spp.). Decapod crustaceans (31.71 ± 3.92%) and teleost fishes (16.45 ± 3.43%) made the largest contribution to the standardised diet of the Myliobatoidei. Teleost fishes (37.40 ± 16.09%) and polychaete worms (31.96 ± 14.22%) were the most prominent prey categories in the standardised diet of the suborder Torpedinoidei. Cluster analysis identified nine major trophic guilds the largest of which were decapod crustaceans (24 species), teleost fishes (11 species) and molluscs (11 species)...
2013: PloS One
George S Bause
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2013: Anesthesiology
O F Aina
The portrayal of psychiatry and of the activities of supernatural forces in indigenous films produced in West Africa was critically examined in this study. Most often the content of these films is centred on African culture, African mythical stories, or real life events. Over a three year period, 163 such films were studied. Twenty five (15.3%) of them contained scenes of psychiatric illness. In 24 of these, there were "cases of psychoses"; and the remaining one was that of "deliberate self harm" via overdose with hypno-sedative drug...
June 2004: Medical Humanities
Peter E Spronk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2013: Critical Care Medicine
Leora Kuttner
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric hypnosis has a useful role in pre-, peri-, and post-anesthesia to minimize anticipatory anxiety, and as adjunctive treatment to reduce and control pain. This article reviews the literature in the use of hypnosis in pediatric anesthesia to highlight its role and relevancy. BACKGROUND: Current research indicates there is an immediate and enduring impact, and long-term benefits of this child-centered intervention. Hypnosis can be included in presurgical consultations to establish cooperation and signals for increasing comfort and to address fears and provide suggestions for rapid recovery with changed expectations for the child's own benefit...
June 2012: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Iandra Holzmann, Valdir Cechinel Filho, Ticiana C Mora, Armando Cáceres, Jose Vicente Martínez, Sully M Cruz, Márcia Maria de Souza
There are few studies on the pharmacological properties of Valeriana prionophylla Standl. (VP), known as "Valeriana del monte", and used in Mesoamerican folk medicine to treat sleep disorders. This study examines the pharmacological effects of the hydroalcoholic extract of the dry rhizome using the open field, rota rod, elevated plus-maze (EPM), forced swimming (FST), strychnine- and pentobarbital-induced sleeping time, PTZ-induced seizures, and the inhibitory avoidance tests. VP did not show any protective effect against PTZ-induced convulsions...
2011: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1946: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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