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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639480/managing-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adults-using-illicit-psychostimulants-a-systematic-review
#1
Jon Cook, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Shalini Arunogiri, Edward Ogden, Yvonne Bonomo
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and stimulant use disorder commonly co-exist, and appropriate treatments have not been well established. OBJECTIVE: To provide guidance for treatment of co-existing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and stimulant use disorder. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of published English articles using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Cochrane, utilising consistent search terms. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised controlled trials, comparing any treatment arm with a control group, for participants meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or equivalent criteria for both attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and stimulant use disorder...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627105/reverie-informed-research-interviewing
#2
Joshua Holmes
Drawing on Thomas Ogden's notion of 'reverie', the role of self-reflection in research interviewing is explored. Ogden views reverie as a co-created intersubjective phenomenon, a 'third', distinct from both analyst and patient. Two face-to-face research interviews with adolescent depression sufferers are described, showing how reverie can be used to help overcome impasse, and develop research hypotheses. Participant-centred research interviews were thus shown to be enhanced by psychoanalytically informed self-reflection as accessed through reverie...
June 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610475/general-and-specific-factors-of-working-alliance-in-parent-training-a%C3%A2-bifactor-exploratory-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#3
Silje Hukkelberg, Terje Ogden
The Working Alliance Inventory Short form (WAI-S) comprises 12 items that measure 3 subdomains (goal, task, and bond). In the present study, we evaluated the factor structure of WAI-S in a parent management training (PMT) context, by investigating a series of different factor models, including standard confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) models and more recent alternatives, like the exploratory structural equation model (ESEM), the bifactor-CFA, and the bifactor exploratory structural equation model (B-ESEM)...
June 13, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594150/cortical-thickness-is-not-associated-with-current-depression-in-a-clinical-treatment-study
#4
Greg Perlman, Elizabeth Bartlett, Christine DeLorenzo, Myrna Weissman, Patrick McGrath, Todd Ogden, Tony Jin, Phillip Adams, Madhukar Trivedi, Benji Kurian, Maria Oquendo, Melvin McInnis, Sarah Weyandt, Maurizio Fava, Crystal Cooper, Ashley Malchow, Ramin Parsey
BACKGROUND: Reduced cortical thickness is a candidate biological marker of depression, although findings are inconsistent. This could reflect analytic heterogeneity, such as use of region-wise cortical thickness based on the Freesurfer Desikan-Killiany (DK) atlas or surface-based morphometry (SBM). The Freesurfer Destrieux (DS) atlas (more, smaller regions) has not been utilized in depression studies. This could also reflect differential gender and age effects. METHODS: Cortical thickness was collected from 170 currently depressed adults and 52 never-depressed adults...
June 8, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591579/sonic-hedgehog-activates-phospholipase-a2-to-enhance-smoothened-ciliary-translocation
#5
Angela M Arensdorf, Miriam E Dillard, Jacob M Menke, Matthew W Frank, Charles O Rock, Stacey K Ogden
The G protein-coupled receptor Smoothened (Smo) is the signal transducer of the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) pathway. Smo signals through G protein-dependent and -independent routes, with G protein-independent canonical signaling to Gli effectors requiring Smo accumulation in the primary cilium. The mechanisms controlling Smo activation and trafficking are not yet clear but likely entail small-molecule binding to pockets in its extracellular cysteine-rich domain (CRD) and/or transmembrane bundle. Here, we demonstrate that the cytosolic phospholipase cPLA2α is activated through Gβγ downstream of Smo to release arachidonic acid...
June 6, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585710/comparison-of-complications-associated-with-induction-by-misoprostol-versus-dilation-and-evacuation-for-second-trimester-abortion
#6
Sarita Sonalkar, Shannon N Ogden, Linda Tran, Angela Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency of complications between medical induction with misoprostol and dilation and evacuation (D&E) for second-trimester uterine evacuation. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, records were reviewed from all women who underwent second-trimester uterine evacuation between 14 and 24 weeks of pregnancy at an academic hospital in the USA from January 2007 to December 2008. Total complications and serious complications were compared between medical induction and D&E, and clinical covariates associated with complications were assessed...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566071/preparedness-for-practice-the-perceptions-of-graduates-of-a-regional-clinical-school
#7
Jenny Barr, Kathryn J Ogden, Kim Rooney, Iain Robertson
OBJECTIVE: To assess graduates' self-reported preparedness with reference to a range of clinical practice capabilities, including those related to patient-centred care. DESIGN: A retrospective survey of self-reported preparedness for practice, based on a survey developed by the Peninsula Medical School (United Kingdom) and adapted to account for Australian circumstances and to provide more information about patient-centred care-related capabilities. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Launceston Clinical School, a regional clinical school for undergraduate medical students...
June 5, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552547/spirometry-assisted-high-resolution-chest-computed-tomography-in-children-is-it-worth-the-effort
#8
Jeffrey Parke Otjen, Jonathan Ogden Swanson, Assaf Oron, Robert M DiBlasi, Tim Swortzel, Jade Adriana Marie van Well, Eva Anna Elisabeth Gommers, Margaret Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Image quality of high resolution chest computed tomographies (HRCTs) depends on adequate breath holds at end inspiration and end expiration. We hypothesized that implementation of spirometry-assisted breath holds in children undergoing HRCTs would improve image quality over that obtained with voluntary breath holds by decreasing motion artifact and atelectasis. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study of HRCTs obtained at a tertiary care children's hospital before and after implementation of a spirometry-assisted CT protocol, in which children ≥8 years of age are first trained in supine slow vital capacity maneuvers and then repeat the maneuvers in the CT scanner, coached by a respiratory therapist...
April 7, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532428/practices-of-lyme-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment-by-general-practitioners-in-quebec-2008-2015
#9
Salima Gasmi, Nicholas H Ogden, Patrick A Leighton, Ariane Adam-Poupart, François Milord, L Robbin Lindsay, Sapha Barkati, Karine Thivierge
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease (LD), a multisystem infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (B. burgdorferi), is the most reported vector-borne disease in North America, and by 2020, 80% of the population in central and eastern Canada could live in LD risk areas. Among the key factors for minimising the impact of LD are the accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of patients bitten by ticks. In this study, the practices of Quebec general practitioners (GPs) on LD diagnosis and management of patients bitten by infected ticks are described...
May 22, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527804/nutritive-value-and-fermentation-characteristics-of-alfalfa-mixed-grass-forage-wrapped-with-minimal-stretch-film-layers-and-stored-for-different-lengths-of-time
#10
W K Coblentz, R K Ogden, M S Akins, E A Chow
A key aspect of managing baled silages is to quickly achieve and then rigorously maintain anaerobic conditions within the silage mass. The concept of inserting an O2-limiting barrier (OB) into plastic commercial silage wraps has been evaluated previously, yielding mixed or inconclusive results. Our objective for this study was to maximize the challenge to a commercial polyethylene bale wrap, or the identical wrap containing an OB, by using minimal plastic (4 layers), and then extending storage periods as long as 357 d...
July 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522449/yvonne-gladys-mukasa
#11
Stephanie Ogden, Robert Chalmers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515047/centrosome-amplification-a-suspect-in-breast-cancer-and-racial-disparities
#12
Angela Ogden, Padmashree C G Rida, Ritu Aneja
The multifaceted involvement of centrosome amplification (CA) in tumorigenesis is coming into focus following years of meticulous experimentation, which have elucidated the powerful abilities of CA to promote cellular invasion, disrupt stem cell division, drive chromosomal instability (CIN), and perturb tissue architecture, activities that can accelerate tumor progression. Integration of the extant in vitro, in vivo, and clinical data suggests that in some tissues CA may be a tumor-initiating event, in others a consequential "hit" in multistep tumorigenesis, and in still others non-tumorigenic...
May 17, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508763/radiological-outcomes-of-overhead-traction-therapy-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-non-ambulatory-children
#13
Marcin K Waśko, Szymon Pietrzak, Anna Szarejko, Waldemar Przybysz, Tomasz Parol, Jarosław Czubak
BACKGROUND: Infants with a dislocated and unstable hip that does not lend itself to stabilisation may be treated using overhead traction to achieve gradual reduction of the hip joint. The aim of this paper was to analyse the radiological outcomes of overhead traction therapy and the effect of duration of traction on the occurrence of complications and final treatment outcomes. Material and methodd. A retrospective analysis of medical records of 26 children (34 affected hips) involved three independent observers assessing radiological parameters before the surgery and at follow-up visits at least two years after the therapy...
April 12, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480577/sialendoscopy-assisted-transfacial-removal-of-parotid-sialoliths-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Lauren T Roland, S Andrew Skillington, M Allison Ogden
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature and conduct a meta-analysis to determine the effectiveness and safety of the combined endoscopic-transfacial approach for parotid sialolith management. DATA SOURCES: PubMed 1946-, Embase 1947-, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Database of Abstracts of Review Effects, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, clinicaltrials.gov, Proquest Dissertations and Theses, and FirstSearch Proceedings to March 2015...
May 7, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459878/a-hybrid-deconvolution-approach-for-estimation-of-in-vivo-non-displaceable-binding-for-brain-pet-targets-without-a-reference-region
#15
Francesca Zanderigo, J John Mann, R Todd Ogden
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Estimation of a PET tracer's non-displaceable distribution volume (VND) is required for quantification of specific binding to its target of interest. VND is generally assumed to be comparable brain-wide and is determined either from a reference region devoid of the target, often not available for many tracers and targets, or by imaging each subject before and after blocking the target with another molecule that has high affinity for the target, which is cumbersome and involves additional radiation exposure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458748/resolving-conflicts-between-syntax-and-plausibility-in-sentence-comprehension
#16
Glenda Andrews, Jessica E Ogden, Graeme S Halford
Comprehension of plausible and implausible object- and subject-relative clause sentences with and without prepositional phrases was examined. Undergraduates read each sentence then evaluated a statement as consistent or inconsistent with the sentence. Higher acceptance of consistent than inconsistent statements indicated reliance on syntactic analysis. Higher acceptance of plausible than implausible statements reflected reliance on semantic plausibility. There was greater reliance on semantic plausibility and lesser reliance on syntactic analysis for more complex object-relatives and sentences with prepositional phrases than for less complex subject-relatives and sentences without prepositional phrases...
2017: Advances in Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444294/st3268-a-geographically-widespread-primate-mrsa-clone
#17
Li-Yang Hsu, Matthew T G Holden, Tse Hsien Koh, Kerry A Pettigrew, Delphine Cao, Pei Yun Hon, Darvi M Sergio, Edgar Pena, Bryan E Ogden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441637/subtle-pathological-changes-in-neocortical-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#18
Juan G Ochoa, Diana Hentgarden, Audrey Paulzak, Melissa Ogden, Richard Pryson, Markus Lamle, Walter G Rusyniak
This was a prospective observational study to correlate the clinical symptoms, electrophysiology, imaging, and surgical pathology of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) without hippocampal sclerosis. We selected consecutive patients with TLE and normal MRI undergoing temporal lobe resection between April and September 2015. Clinical features, imaging, and functional data were reviewed. Intracranial monitoring and language mapping were performed when it was required according to our team recommendation...
June 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438910/lyme-disease-ecology-in-a-changing-world-consensus-uncertainty-and-critical-gaps-for-improving-control
#19
REVIEW
A Marm Kilpatrick, Andrew D M Dobson, Taal Levi, Daniel J Salkeld, Andrea Swei, Howard S Ginsberg, Anne Kjemtrup, Kerry A Padgett, Per M Jensen, Durland Fish, Nick H Ogden, Maria A Diuk-Wasser
Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in temperate regions of North America, Europe and Asia, and the number of reported cases has increased in many regions as landscapes have been altered. Although there has been extensive work on the ecology and epidemiology of this disease in both Europe and North America, substantial uncertainty exists about fundamental aspects that determine spatial and temporal variation in both disease risk and human incidence, which hamper effective and efficient prevention and control...
June 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437242/anthropometric-reference-data-for-children-and-adults-united-states-2011-2014
#20
C D Fryar, Q Gu, C L Ogden, K M Flegal
Anthropometry or human body measurements provide important indicators of nutritional status in children and adults (1). In children, measurements reflect general health status, dietary adequacy, and growth and development over time. In adults, body measurements are used to evaluate health and dietary status, disease risk, and body composition. This report presents anthropometric reference data for 2011-2014 for U.S. children and adults.
August 2016: Vital Health Stat 3 (2016)
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