keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Humphrey

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437029/the-men-s-eating-and-living-meal-study-calgb-70807-alliance-recruitment-feasibility-and-baseline-demographics-of-a-randomized-trial-of-diet-in-men-on-active-surveillance-for-prostate-cancer
#1
J Kellogg Parsons, John P Pierce, James Mohler, Electra Paskett, Sin-Ho Jung, Michael J Morris, Eric Small, Olwen Hahn, Peter Humphrey, John Taylor, James Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of performing national, randomized trials of dietary interventions for localized prostate cancer. METHODS: The Men's Eating and Living (MEAL) Study (CALGB 70807 [Alliance]) is a phase 3 clinical trial testing the efficacy of a high-vegetable diet to prevent progression in prostate cancer patients on active surveillance. Participants were randomized to a validated diet counseling intervention or a control condition. Chi-Square and Kruskal Wallis analyses were used to assess between-group differences at baseline...
April 24, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436365/adverse-pathologic-characteristics-in-the-small-renal-mass-implications-for-active-surveillance
#2
Jamil S Syed, Cayce B Nawaf, James Rosoff, Campbell Bryson, Kevin A Nguyen, Alfredo Suarez-Sarmiento, Maria Serrano, Adam S Kibel, Peter Humphrey, Brian Shuch, Adebowale J Adeniran
INTRODUCTION: Evidence has demonstrated that tumor size is related to adverse oncologic outcomes in small renal tumors (≤ 4 cm). We evaluated the association of adverse pathologic features (APF) with tumor size and survival in patients with a small renal mass (SRM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the pathologic characteristics of 380 surgically resected SRMs from a single institution. APFs included lymphovascular invasion, coagulative necrosis, sarcomatoid/rhabdoid features, papillary type II histology, and perinephric fat/renal sinus invasion...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424086/questioning-the-application-of-risk-of-bias-tools-in-appraising-evidence-from-natural-experimental-studies-critical-reflections-on-benton-et-al-ijbnpa-2016
#3
David K Humphreys, Jenna Panter, David Ogilvie
We recently read the article by Benton et al. which reviewed risk of bias in natural experimental studies investigating the impact of the built environment on physical activity (Benton et al., 2016; Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 13:107). As a technical exercise in assessing risk of bias to understand study quality, we found the results of this study both interesting and potentially useful. However, it prompted a number of concerns with the use of risk of bias tools for assessing the quality of evidence from studies exploiting natural experiments...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421139/regional-relationship-between-macular-retinal-thickness-and-corresponding-central-visual-field-sensitivity-in-glaucoma-patients
#4
Chun-Hsiu Liu, Shirley H L Chang, Shiu-Chen Wu
Purpose. To investigate the relationship between macular retinal thickness (MRT) and central visual field sensitivity (VFS) in patients with glaucoma. Methods. This retrospective study enrolled patients diagnosed with open-angle glaucoma. All study patients underwent Humphrey 10-2 visual field (VF) test and Spectralis spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) exam for MRT measurement. Results. Sixty-eight eyes of 68 patients were examined. The correlation coefficients between VFS and MRT were 0...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418162/exploring-the-institutional-logics-of-health-professions-education-scholarship-units
#5
Lara Varpio, Bridget O'Brien, Wendy Hu, Olle Ten Cate, Steven J Durning, Cees van der Vleuten, Larry Gruppen, David Irby, Susan Humphrey-Murto, Stanley J Hamstra
CONTEXT: Although health professions education scholarship units (HPESUs) share a commitment to the production and dissemination of rigorous educational practices and research, they are situated in many different contexts and have a wide range of structures and functions. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the authors explore the institutional logics common across HPESUs, and how these logics influence the organisation and activities of HPESUs. METHODS: The authors analysed interviews with HPESU leaders in Canada (n = 12), Australia (n = 21), New Zealand (n = 3) and the USA (n = 11)...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412645/a-hidden-structural-vulnerability-in-the-thrombospondin-2-deficient-aorta-increases-the-propensity-to-intramural-delamination
#6
C Bellini, N J Kristofik, M R Bersi, T R Kyriakides, J D Humphrey
Mice lacking thrombospondin-2 (TSP2) represent an animal model of impaired collagen fibrillogenesis. Collagen constitutes ~1/3 of the wall of the normal murine descending thoracic aorta (DTA) and is thought to confer mechanical strength at high pressures. Microstructural analysis of the DTA from TSP2-null mice revealed irregular and disorganized collagen fibrils in the adventitia and at the interface between the media and adventitia. Yet, biaxial mechanical tests performed under physiologic loading conditions showed that most mechanical metrics, including stress and stiffness, were not different between mutant and control DTAs at 20- and 40-weeks of age, thus suggesting that the absence of TSP2 is well compensated under normal conditions...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406379/the-neural-basis-of-independence-versus-interdependence-orientations-a-voxel-based-morphometric-analysis-of-brain-volume
#7
Fei Wang, Kaiping Peng, Magdalena Chechlacz, Glyn W Humphreys, Jie Sui
Sociocultural research has established independence and interdependence as two fundamental ways of thinking about oneself and the social world. Recent neuroscience studies further demonstrate that these orientations modulate brain activity in various self- and socially related tasks. In the current study, we explored whether the traits of independence and interdependence are reflected in anatomical variations in brain structure. We carried out structural brain imaging on a large sample of healthy participants ( n = 265) who also completed self-report questionnaires of cultural orientations...
April 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404802/visual-discrimination-training-improves-humphrey-perimetry-in-chronic-cortically-induced-blindness
#8
Matthew R Cavanaugh, Krystel R Huxlin
OBJECTIVE: To assess if visual discrimination training improves performance on visual perimetry tests in chronic stroke patients with visual cortex involvement. METHODS: 24-2 and 10-2 Humphrey visual fields were analyzed for 17 chronic cortically blind stroke patients prior to and following visual discrimination training, as well as in 5 untrained, cortically blind controls. Trained patients practiced direction discrimination, orientation discrimination, or both, at nonoverlapping, blind field locations...
April 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401844/signs-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-and-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-at-age-12-years-effects-of-institutional-care-history-and-high-quality-foster-care
#9
Kathryn L Humphreys, Charles A Nelson, Nathan A Fox, Charles H Zeanah
Two disorders of attachment have been consistently identified in some young children following severe deprivation in early life: reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder. However, less is known about whether signs of these disorders persist into adolescence. We examined signs of reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder at age 12 years in 111 children who were abandoned at or shortly after birth and subsequently randomized to care as usual or to high-quality foster care, as well as in 50 comparison children who were never institutionalized...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401841/positive-valence-bias-and-parent-child-relationship-security-moderate-the-association-between-early-institutional-caregiving-and-internalizing-symptoms
#10
Michelle R Vantieghem, Laurel Gabard-Durnam, Bonnie Goff, Jessica Flannery, Kathryn L Humphreys, Eva H Telzer, Christina Caldera, Jennifer Y Louie, Mor Shapiro, Niall Bolger, Nim Tottenham
Institutional caregiving is associated with significant deviations from species-expected caregiving, altering the normative sequence of attachment formation and placing children at risk for long-term emotional difficulties. However, little is known about factors that can promote resilience following early institutional caregiving. In the current study, we investigated how adaptations in affective processing (i.e., positive valence bias) and family-level protective factors (i.e., secure parent-child relationships) moderate risk for internalizing symptoms in previously institutionalized (PI) youth...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400370/the-role-of-specific-visual-subfields-in-collisions-with-oncoming-cars-during-simulated-driving-in-patients-with-advanced-glaucoma
#11
Shiho Kunimatsu-Sanuki, Aiko Iwase, Makoto Araie, Yuki Aoki, Takeshi Hara, Takeo Fukuchi, Sachiko Udagawa, Shinji Ohkubo, Kazuhisa Sugiyama, Chota Matsumoto, Toru Nakazawa, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Ono
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To assess the role of specific visual subfields in collisions with oncoming cars during simulated driving in patients with advanced glaucoma. METHODS: Normal subjects and patients with glaucoma with mean deviation <-12 dB in both eyes (Humphrey Field Analyzer 24-2 SITA-S program) used a driving simulator (DS; Honda Motor, Tokyo). Two scenarios in which oncoming cars turned right crossing the driver's path were chosen. We compared the binocular integrated visual field (IVF) in the patients who were involved in collisions and those who were not...
October 17, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399151/the-recent-emergence-in-hospitals-of-multidrug-resistant-community-associated-sequence-type-1-and-spa-type-t127-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-investigated-by-whole-genome-sequencing-implications-for-screening
#12
Megan R Earls, Peter M Kinnevey, Gráinne I Brennan, Alexandros Lazaris, Mairead Skally, Brian O'Connell, Hilary Humphreys, Anna C Shore, David C Coleman
Community-associated spa type t127/t922 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) prevalence increased from 1%-7% in Ireland between 2010-2015. This study tracked the spread of 89 such isolates from June 2013-June 2016. These included 78 healthcare-associated and 11 community associated-MRSA isolates from a prolonged hospital outbreak (H1) (n = 46), 16 other hospitals (n = 28), four other healthcare facilities (n = 4) and community-associated sources (n = 11). Isolates underwent antimicrobial susceptibility testing, DNA microarray profiling and whole-genome sequencing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397649/support-and-assessment-for-fall-emergency-referrals-safer-2-a-cluster-randomised-trial-and-systematic-review-of-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-new-protocols-for-emergency-ambulance-paramedics-to-assess-older-people-following-a-fall-with-referral
#13
Helen A Snooks, Rebecca Anthony, Robin Chatters, Jeremy Dale, Rachael Fothergill, Sarah Gaze, Mary Halter, Ioan Humphreys, Marina Koniotou, Phillipa Logan, Ronan Lyons, Suzanne Mason, Jon Nicholl, Julie Peconi, Ceri Phillips, Judith Phillips, Alison Porter, A Niroshan Siriwardena, Graham Smith, Alun Toghill, Mushtaq Wani, Alan Watkins, Richard Whitfield, Lynsey Wilson, Ian T Russell
BACKGROUND: Emergency calls are frequently made to ambulance services for older people who have fallen, but ambulance crews often leave patients at the scene without any ongoing care. We evaluated a new clinical protocol which allowed paramedics to assess older people who had fallen and, if appropriate, refer them to community-based falls services. OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes, processes and costs of care between intervention and control groups; and to understand factors which facilitate or hinder use...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394809/structure-function-relationship-between-the-bruch-membrane-opening-based-minimum-rim-width-and-visual-field-defects-in-advanced-glaucoma
#14
Serhat Imamoglu, Nimet Burcu Celik, Mehmet S Sevim, Gokhan Pekel, Nimet Yesim Ercalik, Esra Turkseven Kumral, Handan Bardak
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between the Bruch membrane opening-minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) (global and temporal) parameters with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and visual field (VF) sensitivity on the 10-2 test in patients with advanced glaucoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational study included a total of 33 eyes of 29 patients. To evaluate VF sensitivity, automated white-on-white perimetry was performed using a Humphrey field analyzer...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394709/fissure-seal-or-fluoride-varnish-a-randomized-trial-of-relative-effectiveness
#15
I G Chestnutt, R Playle, S Hutchings, S Morgan-Trimmer, D Fitzsimmons, N Aawar, L Angel, S Derrick, C Drew, C Hoddell, K Hood, I Humphreys, N Kirby, T M M Lau, C Lisles, M Z Morgan, S Murphy, J Nuttall, K Onishchenko, C Phillips, T Pickles, C Scoble, J Townson, B Withers, B L Chadwick
Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) are effective in preventing dental caries when compared with a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness of these interventions is uncertain. The objective of the study was to compare the clinical effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- to 7-y-olds. The study design was a randomized clinical trial, with 2 parallel arms. The setting was a targeted-population program that used mobile dental clinics in schools located within areas of high social and economic deprivation in South Wales...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393433/nasal-high-flow-oxygen-delivery-in-children-with-abnormal-airways
#16
Susan Humphreys, Derek Rosen, Tessa Housden, Julia Taylor, Andreas Schibler
BACKGROUND: Transnasal Humidified Rapid-Insufflation Ventilatory Exchange has been shown to safely prolong the safe apnea time in well children post induction of anesthesia and is rapidly becoming a new standard for apneic oxygenation in adults. The same oxygenation technique is described as nasal high flow and can be used in infants and children at risk of apnea during anesthesia. AIM: We investigated the use of nasal high flow oxygen delivery during anesthesia in children with abnormal airways requiring tubeless airway assessment or surgery...
April 10, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390400/a-comparative-study-do-clickers-increase-student-engagement-in-multidisciplinary-clinical-microbiology-teaching
#17
Niall T Stevens, Hélène McDermott, Fiona Boland, Teresa Pawlikowska, Hilary Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Audience response devices, or "clickers", have been used in the education of future healthcare professionals for several years with varying success. They have been reported to improve the learning experience by promoting engagement and knowledge retention. In 2014, our department evaluated the use of "clickers" in a newly introduced multidisciplinary approach to teaching large groups of third year medical students clinical cases developed around a microbiology theme. METHODS: Six multidisciplinary teaching sessions covering community-acquired pneumonia, tuberculosis, infective endocarditis, peritonitis, bloodstream infection with pyelonephritis and bacterial meningitis were included in the study...
April 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389514/histopathology-of-prostate-cancer
#18
Peter A Humphrey
This review focuses on histopathological aspects of carcinoma of the prostate. A tissue diagnosis of adenocarcinoma is often essential for establishing a diagnosis of prostate cancer, and the foundation for a tissue diagnosis is currently light microscopic examination of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained tissue sections. Markers detected by immunohistochemistry on tissue sections can support a diagnosis of adenocarcinoma that is primary in the prostate gland or metastatic. Histological variants of carcinoma of the prostate are important for diagnostic recognition of cancer or as clinicopathologic entities that have prognostic and/or therapeutic significance...
April 7, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388838/trauma-exposure-among-women-in-the-pacific-rim
#19
Elizabeth Reeves, Pilar Bernal de, Susan G Silva, Diva Jaramillo, Tulia Uribe, Agnes Tiwari, Gladys Eugenia Canaval, Maria Eugenia Mendoza Flores, Ruth Ann Belknap, Janice C Humphreys
PURPOSE: Healthcare professionals who provide services in the immediate or long-term aftermath of traumatic events need to understand the nature and frequency of traumatic events in the lives of women. However, research on trauma exposure in women has only recently begun to assess events other than intimate partner and sexual violence and has not supported direct statistical comparison of cross-national and cross-cultural data. The purpose of this descriptive, correlational study was to describe and compare trauma exposure prevalence and type in community-based samples of women in the United States, Colombia, and Hong Kong...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385347/precise-timing-might-not-be-crucial-when-to-administer-surgical-antimicrobial-prophylaxis
#20
Hilary Humphreys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
105091
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"