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ACG Clinical Guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271055/treatment-algorithm-for-chronic-idiopathic-constipation-and-constipation-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-derived-from-a-canadian-national-survey-and-needs-assessment-on-choices-of-therapeutic-agents
#1
Yvonne Tse, David Armstrong, Christopher N Andrews, Alain Bitton, Brian Bressler, John Marshall, Louis W C Liu
Background. Chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) and constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) are common functional lower gastrointestinal disorders that impair patients' quality of life. In a national survey, we aimed to evaluate (1) Canadian physician practice patterns in the utilization of therapeutic agents listed in the new ACG and AGA guidelines; (2) physicians satisfaction with these agents for their CIC and IBS-C patients; and (3) the usefulness of these new guidelines in their clinical practice...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071659/acg-clinical-guideline-treatment-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#2
William D Chey, Grigorios I Leontiadis, Colin W Howden, Steven F Moss
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a common worldwide infection that is an important cause of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. H. pylori may also have a role in uninvestigated and functional dyspepsia, ulcer risk in patients taking low-dose aspirin or starting therapy with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, unexplained iron deficiency anemia, and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. While choosing a treatment regimen for H. pylori, patients should be asked about previous antibiotic exposure and this information should be incorporated into the decision-making process...
February 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071656/acg-clinical-guideline-preventive-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Francis A Farraye, Gil Y Melmed, Gary R Lichtenstein, Sunanda V Kane
Recent data suggest that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients do not receive preventive services at the same rate as general medical patients. Patients with IBD often consider their gastroenterologist to be the primary provider of care. To improve the care delivered to IBD patients, health maintenance issues need to be co-managed by both the gastroenterologist and primary care team. Gastroenterologists need to explicitly inform the primary care provider of the unique needs of the IBD patient, especially those on immunomodulators and biologics or being considered for such therapy...
February 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050029/continuing-medical-education-questions-january-2017-acg-clinical-guideline-evaluation-of-abnormal-liver-chemistrie
#4
Renuka Umashanker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050028/continuing-medical-education-january-2017-acg-clinical-guideline-evaluation-of-abnormal-liver-chemistries
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005258/pancreatic-cancer-management-and-treatment-landscape-awareness-of-gastroenterologists-results-from-us-physician-surveys-conducted-in-2013-and-2015
#6
Gregory D Salinas, Lee Whitworth, Patti Merwin, Joan Emarine
INTRODUCTION: In the US, gastroenterologists (GIs) often inform patients of the initial diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Thus, GIs are frequently the first physicians to provide vital information regarding treatment strategies and options to patients which can have significant impact on subsequent clinical decision-making. Since treatments for pancreatic cancer are rapidly evolving, it may be challenging for GIs to maintain an adequate knowledge base required to provide accurate cursory information or avoid providing inaccurate data to patients at a very sensitive point in time in their care...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995906/acg-clinical-guideline-evaluation-of-abnormal-liver-chemistries
#7
Paul Y Kwo, Stanley M Cohen, Joseph K Lim
Clinicians are required to assess abnormal liver chemistries on a daily basis. The most common liver chemistries ordered are serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin. These tests should be termed liver chemistries or liver tests. Hepatocellular injury is defined as disproportionate elevation of AST and ALT levels compared with alkaline phosphatase levels. Cholestatic injury is defined as disproportionate elevation of alkaline phosphatase level as compared with AST and ALT levels...
January 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808138/corrigendum-acg-clinical-guideline-liver-disease-and-pregnancy
#8
Tram T Tran, Joseph Ahn, Nancy S Reau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721739/the-diagnosis-and-manifestations-of-liver-injury-secondary-to-off-label-androgenic-anabolic-steroid-use
#9
Elena Cabb, Shanna Baltar, David Wes Powers, Karthik Mohan, Antonio Martinez, Eric Pitts
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) presents as a broad spectrum of adverse drug reactions which can range from a mild elevation in liver enzymes to fulminant liver failure. The primary goal is to identify DILI early when the patient's liver enzymes are elevated and to discontinue the offending agent as soon as possible to prevent further injury. Herbal, dietary supplements and anabolic steroids represent a significant component of the drugs thought to cause DILI in the United States. Unlike all other drugs known to cause DILI, these drugs fall into a category of injury that is neither intrinsic nor idiosyncratic due to overlapping characteristics between the two...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356842/corrigendum-acg-clinical-guideline-diagnosis-and-management-of-barrett-s-esophagus
#10
Nicholas J Shaheen, Gary W Falk, Prasad G Iyer, Lauren B Gerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272806/incidentally-detected-focal-liver-lesions-a-common-clinical-management-dilemma-revisited
#11
Alexander Semaan, Vittorio Branchi, Anna-Lena Marowsky, Martin VON Websky, Patrick Kupczyk, Simon Jonas Enkirch, Guido Kukuk, Edwin Bölke, Burkhard Stoffels, Jörg C Kalff, Nico Schäfer, Philipp Lingohr, Hanno Matthaei
BACKGROUND: Detection of asymptomatic focal liver lesions (FLL) is increasing because of a widespread use of modern radiologic imaging. Most of these lesions are benign, though malignancy often has to be ruled out, which is posing a diagnostic challenge. AIM: To critically evaluate our treatment strategy in the context of recently published American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent surgery for asymptomatic, incidentally detected FLL from 2005-2012 were reviewed...
June 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151132/acg-clinical-guideline-management-of-patients-with-acute-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#12
Lisa L Strate, Ian M Gralnek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068718/acg-clinical-guideline-diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention-of-acute-diarrheal-infections-in-adults
#13
Mark S Riddle, Herbert L DuPont, Bradley A Connor
Acute diarrheal infections are a common health problem globally and among both individuals in the United States and traveling to developing world countries. Multiple modalities including antibiotic and non-antibiotic therapies have been used to address these common infections. Information on treatment, prevention, diagnostics, and the consequences of acute diarrhea infection has emerged and helps to inform clinical management. In this ACG Clinical Guideline, the authors present an evidence-based approach to diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of acute diarrhea infection in both US-based and travel settings...
May 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952578/acg-clinical-guideline-nutrition-therapy-in-the-adult-hospitalized-patient
#14
Stephen A McClave, John K DiBaise, Gerard E Mullin, Robert G Martindale
The value of nutrition therapy for the adult hospitalized patient is derived from the outcome benefits achieved by the delivery of early enteral feeding. Nutritional assessment should identify those patients at high nutritional risk, determined by both disease severity and nutritional status. For such patients if they are unable to maintain volitional intake, enteral access should be attained and enteral nutrition (EN) initiated within 24-48 h of admission. Orogastric or nasogastric feeding is most appropriate when starting EN, switching to post-pyloric or deep jejunal feeding only in those patients who are intolerant of gastric feeds or at high risk for aspiration...
March 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26925883/acg-clinical-guideline-management-of-patients-with-acute-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#15
Lisa L Strate, Ian M Gralnek
This guideline provides recommendations for the management of patients with acute overt lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Hemodynamic status should be initially assessed with intravascular volume resuscitation started as needed. Risk stratification based on clinical parameters should be performed to help distinguish patients at high- and low-risk of adverse outcomes. Hematochezia associated with hemodynamic instability may be indicative of an upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding source and thus warrants an upper endoscopy...
April 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26832651/acg-clinical-guideline-liver-disease-and-pregnancy
#16
Tram T Tran, Joseph Ahn, Nancy S Reau
Consultation for liver disease in pregnant women is a common and oftentimes vexing clinical consultation for the gastroenterologist. The challenge lies in the need to consider the safety of both the expectant mother and the unborn fetus in the clinical management decisions. This practice guideline provides an evidence-based approach to common diagnostic and treatment challenges of liver disease in pregnant women.
February 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26526079/acg-clinical-guideline-diagnosis-and-management-of-barrett-s-esophagus
#17
Nicholas J Shaheen, Gary W Falk, Prasad G Iyer, Lauren B Gerson
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is among the most common conditions encountered by the gastroenterologist. In this document, the American College of Gastroenterology updates its guidance for the best practices in caring for these patients. These guidelines continue to endorse screening of high-risk patients for BE; however, routine screening is limited to men with reflux symptoms and multiple other risk factors. Acknowledging recent data on the low risk of malignant progression in patients with nondysplastic BE, endoscopic surveillance intervals are attenuated in this population; patients with nondysplastic BE should undergo endoscopic surveillance no more frequently than every 3-5 years...
January 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26303132/acg-clinical-guideline-diagnosis-and-management-of-small-bowel-bleeding
#18
Lauren B Gerson, Jeff L Fidler, David R Cave, Jonathan A Leighton
Bleeding from the small intestine remains a relatively uncommon event, accounting for ~5-10% of all patients presenting with gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Given advances in small bowel imaging with video capsule endoscopy (VCE), deep enteroscopy, and radiographic imaging, the cause of bleeding in the small bowel can now be identified in most patients. The term small bowel bleeding is therefore proposed as a replacement for the previous classification of obscure GI bleeding (OGIB). We recommend that the term OGIB should be reserved for patients in whom a source of bleeding cannot be identified anywhere in the GI tract...
September 2015: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25892981/clinical-rationale-for-confirmation-testing-after-treatment-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-implications-of-rising-antibiotic-resistance
#19
Colin W Howden, William D Chey, Nimish B Vakil
Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection is one of the most common chronic bacterial infections worldwide. International guidelines recommend H pylori eradication in several scenarios: patients with peptic ulcer disease, patients who have had endoscopic resection of early gastric cancer, and patients with a gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALToma). There is variability among the guidelines for other conditions. Treatment options for H pylori infection include triple, quadruple, and sequential therapy...
July 2014: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25869391/acg-clinical-guideline-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#20
Keith D Lindor, Kris V Kowdley, M Edwyn Harrison
Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a chronic cholestatic liver disease that can shorten life and may require liver transplantation. The cause is unknown, although it is commonly associated with colitis. There is no approved or proven therapy, although ursodeoxycholic acid is used by many on an empiric basis. Complications including portal hypertension, fat-soluble vitamin deficiency, metabolic bone diseases, and development of cancers of the bile duct or colon can occur.
May 2015: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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