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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931999/the-impact-of-closed-versus-open-kinetic-chain-exercises-on-osteoporotic-femur-neck-and-risk-of-fall-in-postmenopausal-women
#1
Ali Abd El-Monsif Thabet, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri, Omar Farouk Helal, Bassem Refaat
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate how closed and open kinetic chain exercises differed in their impact on bone mineral density (BMD) and fall risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. [Subjects and Methods] The research sample consisted of 40 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis with ages between 51 and 58 years old. They were divided at random into two groups of 20 each, respectively receiving closed and open kinetic chain exercises. These exercises were administered three times per week over a period of four sequential months...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913413/open-versus-closed-kinetic-chain-exercises-following-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Daniel Jewiss, Cecilia Ostman, Neil Smart
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on whether closed kinetic chain (CKC) or open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises should be the intervention of choice following an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury or reconstruction. METHODS: A systematic search identified randomized controlled trials of OKC versus CKC exercise training in people who had undergone ACL reconstructive surgery. All published studies in this systematic review were comparisons between OKC and CKC groups...
2017: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878469/effects-of-kinetic-chain-exercise-using-emg-biofeedback-on-balance-and-lower-extremity-muscle-activation-in-stroke-patients
#3
Yong Keun Park, Je Ho Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of kinetic chain exercise using EMG-biofeedback on balance and lower extremity muscle activation. [Subjects and Methods] For this study, 30 stroke patients participated in this study and they were divided into closed kinetic chain exercise using EMG-biofeedback group (CKCE+EB) and open kinetic chain exercise using EMG-biofeedback group (OKCE+EB), each group consisting of 15 patients. The kinetic chain exercise using EMG-biofeedback was performed by the patients for 20 minutes once a day, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks using an Myo-Ex...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803796/shoulder-muscle-activation-patterns-and-levels-differ-between-open-and-closed-chain-abduction
#4
Darren Reed, Ian Cathers, Mark Halaki, Karen A Ginn
OBJECTIVES: Open and closed-chain abduction of the shoulder are commonly used in rehabilitation and exercise programs to assess and/or improve shoulder muscle function. However, it is not known if shoulder muscle activation patterns differ between these two exercises. Therefore the purpose of this study was to compare muscle activation patterns during closed-chain shoulder abduction performed using a shoulder press machine with open-chain abduction using free weights. DESIGN: Experimental study...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662010/-the-impact-of-dynamic-platform-exercises-on-knee-joint-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-gonarthrosis-treated-with-microfracture-method
#5
Kamil Klupiński, Jakub Krochmalski, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease. Gonarthrosis is one of the most serious diseases the highly developed modern medicine must face. The number of patients suffering from joint pain and progressive disability is growing, especially in economically developed countries. Over the years, the disease has been considered merely as a symptom of aging and the effect of "wear and tear" of the cartilage. At present it is known that the degenerative joint disease is of chronic and progressive nature and its pathogenesis is complex...
June 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603357/the-effects-of-open-and-closed-kinetic-chain-exercises-on-the-static-and-dynamic-balance-of-the-ankle-joints-in-young-healthy-women
#6
Mi-Kyoung Kim, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effects of open kinetic chain and closed kinetic chain exercises on the static and dynamic balance of ankle joints in young healthy women. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty women in their 20s were randomly assigned to two groups of ten women each: an open kinetic chain exercise group and a closed kinetic chain exercise group. Each group performed five sets of exercises three times per week for four weeks. Exercise intensity was increased once after two weeks...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482879/current-management-strategies-for-patellofemoral-pain-an-online-survey-of-99-practising-uk-physiotherapists
#7
Benjamin E Smith, Paul Hendrick, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, James Selfe, Toby O Smith, Pip Logan
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is considered one of the commonest forms of knee pain. This study aimed to identify how physiotherapists in the United Kingdom (UK) currently manage patellofemoral pain (PFP), particularly in relation to exercise prescription, and response to pain. METHODS: An anonymous survey was designed with reference to previous surveys and recent systematic reviews. Practising UK physiotherapists who treat patients with PFP were invited to take part via an invitation email sent through professional networks, the 'interactive Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (iCSP)' message board, and social media (Twitter)...
May 8, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404557/exercise-prescription-for-overhead-athletes-with-shoulder-pathology-a-systematic-review-with-best-evidence-synthesis
#8
REVIEW
Alexis A Wright, Eric J Hegedus, Daniel T Tarara, Samantha C Ray, Steven L Dischiavi
OBJECTIVE: To produce a best evidence synthesis of exercise prescription used when treating shoulder pathology in the overhead athlete. DESIGN: A systematic review of exercises used in overhead athletes including case studies and clinical commentaries. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from database inception through July 8, 2016. METHODS: We examined data from randomised controlled trials and prospective cohort (level I-IV evidence) studies that addressed exercise intervention in the rehabilitation of the overhead athlete with shoulder pathology...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884499/comparison-of-three-types-of-exercise-in-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Stuart R Heron, Steve R Woby, Dave P Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of three different exercise programmes in treating rotator cuff tendinopathy/shoulder impingement syndrome. DESIGN: Parallel group randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Two out-patient NHS physiotherapy departments in Manchester, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 120 patients with shoulder pain of at least three months duration. Pain was reproduced on stressing the rotator cuff and participants had full passive range of movement at the shoulder...
June 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821933/the-effect-of-exercise-types-for-rotator-cuff-repair-patients-on-activities-of-shoulder-muscles-and-upper-limb-disability
#10
Jeong-Il Kang, Young-Jun Moon, Hyun Choi, Dae-Keun Jeong, Hye-Min Kwon, Jun-Su Park
[Purpose] This study investigated the effect on activities, shoulder muscle fatigue, upper limb disability of two exercise types performed by patients in the post- immobilization period of rotator cuff repair. [Subjects and Methods] The intervention program was performed by 20 patients from 6 weeks after rotator cuff repair. Ten subjects each were randomly allocated to a group performing open kinetic chain exercise and a group preforming closed kinetic chain exercise. Muscle activity and median frequency were measured by using sEMG and the Upper Extremity Function Assessment before and after conducting the intervention and changes in the results were compared...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539507/evidence-based-clinical-practice-update-practice-guidelines-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rehabilitation-based-on-a-systematic-review-and-multidisciplinary-consensus
#11
REVIEW
Nicky van Melick, Robert E H van Cingel, Frans Brooijmans, Camille Neeter, Tony van Tienen, Wim Hullegie, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
AIM: The Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy (KNGF) instructed a multidisciplinary group of Dutch anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) experts to develop an evidence statement for rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction. DESIGN: Clinical practice guideline underpinned by systematic review and expert consensus. DATA SOURCES: A multidisciplinary working group and steering group systematically reviewed the literature and wrote the guideline...
December 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475714/exercises-focusing-on-rotator-cuff-and-scapular-muscles-do-not-improve-shoulder-joint-position-sense-in-healthy-subjects
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yin-Liang Lin, Andrew Karduna
Proprioception is essential for shoulder neuromuscular control and shoulder stability. Exercise of the rotator cuff and scapulothoracic muscles is an important part of shoulder rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of rotator cuff and scapulothoracic muscle exercises on shoulder joint position sense. Thirty-six healthy subjects were recruited and randomly assigned into either a control or training group. The subjects in the training group received closed-chain and open-chain exercises focusing on rotator cuff and scapulothoracic muscles for four weeks...
October 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418161/anterior-cruciate-ligament-strain-in-vivo-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Juan Antonio Luque-Seron, Ivan Medina-Porqueres
CONTEXT: Distinct exercises have been proposed for knee rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. There is a need to understand ACL strain behavior during different rehabilitation exercises to protect the graft from excessive strain that could interfere with its healing process. OBJECTIVE: To critically review studies that directly measured normal ACL strain in vivo during different movements, conditions, or exercises to gain insight into which of them may produce more strain on the ligament or the ligament graft in the case of reconstructed knees...
September 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410162/effects-of-a-progressive-resistance-exercise-program-with-high-speed-component-on-the-physical-function-of-older-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Karina S S Vasconcelos, João M D Dias, Marília C Araújo, Ana C Pinheiro, Bruno S Moreira, Rosângela C Dias
Background: Sarcopenic obesity is associated with disability in older people, especially in women. Resistance exercises are recommended for this population, but their efficacy is not clear. Objective: To evaluate the effects of a progressive resistance exercise program with high-speed component on the physical function of older women with sarcopenic obesity. Method: Twenty-eight women 65 to 80 years old, with a body mass index ≥30kg/m2 and handgrip strength ≤21kg were randomly allocated to two groups...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385836/conservative-management-of-posterior-ankle-impingement-a-case-report
#15
Isabelle Senécal, Nadia Richer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pain and functional improvements of a patient with posterior ankle impingement following a treatment plan incorporating soft tissue therapy, chiropractic adjustment and a progressive rehabilitation program. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 37-year- old male presented with posterolateral ankle pain exacerbated by plantar flexion two weeks after sustaining an inversion ankle sprain. Oedema was present and the patient was describing a sensation of instability while walking...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362099/effect-of-closed-and-open-kinetic-chain-exercise-on-hip-and-knee-strength-preliminary-findings-3733-board-172-june-4-9-30-am-11-00-am
#16
Kelsi Wood, William Berg, Nick Salcedo, Kelsey Biller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342002/three-dimensional-scapular-kinematics-during-open-and-closed-kinetic-chain-movements-in-asymptomatic-and-symptomatic-subjects
#17
Elif Turgut, Øyvind Pedersen, Irem Duzgun, Gul Baltaci
The combination of open kinetic chain (OKC) and closed kinetic chain (CKC) exercises is commonly recommended in shoulder rehabilitation, aiming at improving strength and sport-specific performance. This study aimed to investigate the three-dimensional (3-D) scapular kinematics and bilateral symmetry of scapular motion during dynamic OKC and CKC movements in asymptomatic and symptomatic shoulders. Fifty subjects with unilateral shoulder pain (symptomatic subjects diagnosed with subacromial impingement syndrome, n=20) or without shoulder pain during active shoulder elevation (asymptomatic subjects, n=30) participated in the study...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182390/kinematic-analysis-of-four-plyometric-push-up-variations
#18
Laura H Moore, Michael J Tankovich, Bryan L Riemann, George J Davies
Plyometric research in the upper extremity is limited, with the effects of open-chain plyometric exercises being studied most. Kinematic and ground reaction force data concerning closed-chain upper extremity plyometrics has yet to be examined. Twenty-one recreationally active male subjects performed four variations of plyometric push-ups in a counterbalanced order. These included box drop push-ups from 3.8 cm, 7.6 cm, 11.4 cm heights, and clap push-ups. Kinematics of the trunk, dominant extremity and both hands were collected to examine peak flight, elbow flexion at ground contact, elbow displacement, and hand separation...
2012: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134393/effects-of-combined-open-kinetic-chain-and-closed-kinetic-chain-training-using-pulley-exercise-machines-on-muscle-strength-and-angiogenesis-factors
#19
Ki Soeng Jang, Sunghwun Kang, Sang Heon Woo, Ju Yong Bae, Ki Ok Shin
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of combined open kinetic chain and closed kinetic chain training using pulley exercise machines on muscle strength, anaerobic power, and blood levels of angiogenesis factors. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty male university students were equally divided between control and pulley training groups. The pulley-training group underwent 8 weeks of combined training. Open kinetic chain training consisted of 2 sets of 10 repetitions at 60% of one repetition maximum; closed kinetic chain training consisted of 2 sets of 10 repetitions of resistance exercise using the subject's own body weight...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104322/long-term-effect-of-selective-muscle-strengthening-in-athletes-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#20
Ileana Ramazzina, Francesco Pogliacomi, Silvia Bertuletti, Cosimo Costantino
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The purpose of the study was to examine the long term effects of a selective muscle strengthening program in reducing pain and improving knee function and strength in athletes with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. METHODS: A total of one hundred and thirty four athletes were enrolled in the study. All patients were evaluated with Isokinetic Test, Cincinnati Knee Rating System and Visual Analogue Scale. The selective muscle strengthening consisted of 8 weeks of exercises performed 3 times in the first 4 weeks and twice in the last 4 weeks...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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