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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332470/a-school-based-neuromuscular-training-program-and-sport-related-injury-incidence-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Jane C Khoury, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:   An estimated 40 million school-aged children (age range = 5-18 years) participate annually in sports in the United States, generating approximately 4 million sport-related injuries and requiring 2.6 million emergency department visits at a cost of nearly $2 billion. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effects of a school-based neuromuscular training (NMT) program on sport-related injury incidence across 3 sports at the high school and middle school levels, focusing particularly on knee and ankle injuries...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284521/exercise-intervention-for-unilateral-amputees-with-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Joseph G Wasser, Daniel C Herman, MaryBeth Horodyski, Jason L Zaremski, Brady Tripp, Phillip Page, Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic lower limb amputation is a life-changing event for approximately 185,000 persons in the United States each year. A unilateral amputation is associated with rapid changes to the musculoskeletal system including leg and back muscle atrophy, strength loss, gait asymmetries, differential mechanical joint loading and leg length discrepancies. Even with high-quality medical care and prostheses, amputees still develop secondary musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back pain (LBP)...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262307/concurrent-validation-of-the-omni-resistance-exercise-scale-of-perceived-exertion-with-elastic-bands-in-the-elderly
#3
J C Colado, F M Pedrosa, A Juesas, P Gargallo, J J Carrasco, J Flandez, M U Chupel, A M Teixeira, F Naclerio
PURPOSE: To examine the concurrent validity of the OMNI-Resistance Exercise Scale of perceived exertion using elastic bands in elder population. METHODS: Twenty-six participants performed three separate sets of 15 repetitions (low- medium- and high-intensity) for 4 different exercises (2 for the upper-limb and 2 for the lower limb), over two different testing sessions. The criterion variables were heart rate and applied force (average and maximum). In addition to these dependent variables, the active muscle and overall body OMNI-RES for elastic bands scores were collected at the end of each repetition...
December 17, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158914/unsupervised-progressive-elastic-band-exercises-for-frail-geriatric-inpatients-objectively-monitored-by-new-exercise-integrated-technology-a-feasibility-trial-with-an-embedded-qualitative-study
#4
C R Rathleff, T Bandholm, E G Spaich, M Jorgensen, J Andreasen
Background: Frailty is a serious condition frequently present in geriatric inpatients that potentially causes serious adverse events. Strength training is acknowledged as a means of preventing or delaying frailty and loss of function in these patients. However, limited hospital resources challenge the amount of supervised training, and unsupervised training could possibly supplement supervised training thereby increasing the total exercise dose during admission. A new valid and reliable technology, the BandCizer, objectively measures the exact training dosage performed...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144207/exploring-physical-activity-behaviour-needs-for-and-interest-in-a-technology-delivered-home-based-exercise-programme-among-patients-with-intermittent-claudication
#5
Nils Cornelis, Roselien Buys, Inge Fourneau, Tijl Dewit, Véronique Cornelissen
BACKGROUND: Supervised walking is a first line therapy in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with complaints of intermittent claudication. However, uptake of supervised programmes is low. Home-based exercise seems an appealing alternative; especially since technological advances, such as tele-coaching and tele-monitoring, may facilitate the process and support patients when adopting a physically active lifestyle. To guide the development of such an intervention, it is important to identify barriers of physical activity and the needs and interests for technology-enabled exercise in this patient group...
November 16, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144103/effects-of-home-based-superimposed-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Marie C Valenza, Irene Torres-Sánchez, Laura López-López, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Araceli Ortiz-Rubio, Gerald Valenza-Demet
BACKGROUND: COPD patients experience a sustained deterioration of several capacities. Those with severe COPD undergo a considerable decline in their physical and functional capacities, but pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is used to reduce the weakness of such patients. To date, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been used in acute COPD patients but NMES superimposed onto voluntary muscular contraction has not been tested in COPD patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of superimposed NMES on the cardiorespiratory performance and functionality of severe COPD patients undergoing a home-based rehabilitation program...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141513/alternative-scapular-stabilization-exercises-to-target-strength-endurance-and-function-of-shoulders-in-tetraplegia-a-prospective-non-controlled-intervention-study
#7
Carolina Lins, Alex Castro, Giovanna I S Medina, Eliza R F B M Azevedo, Bruno S Donato, Marina S S Chagas, Janaína Roland Tancredo, Letícia Vargas de Almeida, Alberto Cliquet
OBJECTIVE: Scapular stabilization exercises (SSE) are well-established for the able-bodies. The aim of the current study is to access the potential benefits of SSE on isometric internal and external rotator strength, endurance and function of the shoulder in persons with tetraplegia, throughout a 12-week exercise program consisting of five resisted movements with elastic bands. DESIGN: Prospective non-controlled intervention study. Setting/Participants/Interventions: A convenience sample of 17 subjects (age, 40...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137729/the-shear-wave-elastic-modulus-and-the-increased-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-nf-kb-p65-and-cyclooxygenase-2-cox-2-expression-in-the-area-of-myofascial-trigger-points-activated-in-a-rat-model-by-blunt-trauma-to-the-vastus-medialis
#8
Hengyong Lv, Zhen Li, Tiantian Hu, Yuexiang Wang, Jinpeng Wu, Yingxin Li
We aimed to elucidate the increased inflammatory cytokines expression such as nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB/p65), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCC) in the area of activated myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in a rat model by blunt trauma to the vastus medialis and to evaluate the feasibility of a quantitative analysis of muscle elastic modulus using shear wave elastography (SWE). Twelve 7-week-old male SD rats were divided into normal (NM, n = 6) and model groups (MO, n = 6)...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037658/simple-artificial-training-device-for-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-lung-volumes-in-healthy-young-male-and-female-subjects-a-pilot-study
#9
Jirakrit Leelarungrayub, Decha Pinkaew, Araya Yankai, Busaba Chautrakoon, Rungtiwa Kuntain
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a simple artificial device for respiratory muscle strength training and lung volumes using either combined or non-combined exercise with elastic bands in healthy young participants. METHODS: Forty healthy young participants (20 male and 20 female) aged 19-24 years old were randomized into two main experiments with four sub-groups; (1) artificial device (n = 10) & standard device (n = 10) training, and (2) artificial device training combined with elastic band (EB) exercise (n = 10) & standard device training combined with EB (n = 10) exercise...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932015/effectiveness-of-resistance-exercise-using-elastic-bands-on-flexibility-and-balance-among-the-elderly-people-living-in-the-community-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Young Ran Yeun
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of resistance exercise using elastic bands on flexibility and balance among the elderly people living in the community. [Subjects and Methods] Database search was conducted by using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, RISS, NDSL, NANET, DBpia, and KoreaMed. The meta-analysis, which was based on 19 studies, covered a total of 649 participants and used either the fixed effects or random effects model. [Results] The effect size estimates showed that resistance exercise using elastic bands have significantly increased the functional reach test score (Standard Mean Difference: 1...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931993/effects-of-augmented-reality-based-otago-exercise-on-balance-gait-and-physical-factors-in-elderly-women-to-prevent-falls-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jin Lee, Ha-Na Yoo, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To determine the effect of augmented reality (AR)-based otago exercise on muscle strength, balance, and physical factors in falls of elderly women. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty subjects were randomly assigned to AR group (AR, n=10), yoga group (yoga, n=10), and self-exercise group (self, n=10). For 12 weeks, these groups were given lessons related to AR-based otago exercise including strengthening, balance training, or yoga three times a week (60 minutes each time) and self-exercise using elastic band exercise program...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869119/does-home-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-improve-functional-capacity-peripheral-muscle-strength-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-bronchiectasis-compared-to-standard-care
#12
Anderson José, Anne E Holland, Cristiane S de Oliveira, Jessyca P R Selman, Rejane A S de Castro, Rodrigo A Athanazio, Samia Z Rached, Alberto Cukier, Rafael Stelmach, Simone Dal Corso
BACKGROUND: Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation is a promising intervention that may help patients to overcome the barriers to undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation. However, home-based pulmonary rehabilitation has not yet been investigated in patients with bronchiectasis. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of home-based pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: An open-label, randomized controlled trial with 48 adult patients with bronchiectasis will be conducted...
November 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846562/feedback-leads-to-better-exercise-quality-in-adolescents-with-patellofemoral-pain
#13
Henrik Riel, Mark Matthews, Bill Vicenzino, Thomas Bandholm, Kristian Thorborg, Michael Skovdal Rathleff
PURPOSE: Adolescents with patellofemoral pain (PFP) do not comply with their exercise prescription, performing too few and too fast repetitions, compromising recovery. We investigated if real-time feedback on contraction time would improve the ability of adolescents with PFP to perform exercises as prescribed. METHODS: A randomised, controlled, participant-blinded, superiority trial with a 6-week intervention of three weekly sessions of three elastic band exercises was undertaken...
August 25, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838226/intradialytic-exercise-improves-physical-function-and-reduces-intradialytic-hypotension-and-depression-in-hemodialysis-patients
#14
So Yon Rhee, Jin Kyung Song, Suk Chul Hong, Jae Won Choi, Hee Jung Jeon, Dong Ho Shin, Eun Hee Ji, Eun-Hee Choi, Jiyeon Lee, Aram Kim, Seung Wook Choi, Jieun Oh
Background/Aims: As numbers of maintenance hemodialysis patients are growing, debilitating conditions of muscle wasting and atrophy are becoming some of the greatest concerns in end-stage renal disease patients. Exercise training has various potential benefits in terms of prevention of a sustained decline in functional status. This study aimed to evaluate the physical, psychological, laboratory, and dialysis-related effects of intradialytic exercise. Methods: We enrolled 22 patients from a hemodialysis center for a 6-month non-randomized prospective trial...
August 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749550/combined-resistance-and-endurance-training-at-a-moderate-to-high-intensity-improves-physical-condition-and-quality-of-life-in-liver-transplant-patients
#15
Diego Moya-Nájera, Ángel Moya-Herraiz, Luis Compte-Torrero, David Hervás, Sebastien Borreani, Joaquin Calatayud, Marina Berenguer, Juan C Colado
Although currently moderate and high intensity concurrent physical exercise is prescribed in populations with special needs due to its greater effect on physical condition and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), there are no data in the liver transplantation (LT) setting. The aim of this study is to evaluate changes in maximal strength, aerobic capacity, body composition, liver function, and HRQOL in LT patients after a moderate-to-high intensity combined resistance-endurance training. Six months after LT, 54 patients were randomized into 2 groups: intervention group (IG) and control group (CG)...
October 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727639/effects-of-12-week-resistance-exercise-on-electroencephalogram-patterns-and-cognitive-function-in-the-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Soon-Gook Hong, June-Hong Kim, Tae-Won Jun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a 12-week resistance exercise program with an elastic band on electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns and cognitive function in elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two subjects with MCI and 25 healthy volunteer subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: subjects with MCI who undertook the exercise program (MCI-EX; n = 10), an MCI control group (MCI-Con; n = 12), a healthy volunteer exercise group (NG-EX; n = 12), and a healthy volunteer control group (NG-Con; n = 13)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702449/six-week-physical-rehabilitation-protocol-for-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-athletes
#17
Ahmed Gaballah, Mohamed Zeyada, Adham Elgeidi, Eadric Bressel
Anterior shoulder dislocations are common in young athletes. The mechanism for the first or primary shoulder dislocation may involve a collision or a fall typically with the arm in an abducted and externally rotated position. The aim of this study was to design a physical rehabilitation program using the elastic band and resistive exercise to improve joint strength and range of motion in individuals diagnosed with a first-time shoulder dislocation. Twelve physically active males with a first-time acute shoulder dislocation were asked to volunteer...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659812/strength-training-decreases-inflammation-and-increases-cognition-and-physical-fitness-in-older-women-with-cognitive-impairment
#18
Matheus U Chupel, Fábio Direito, Guilherme E Furtado, Luciéle G Minuzzi, Filipa M Pedrosa, Juan C Colado, José P Ferreira, Edith Filaire, Ana M Teixeira
Introduction: Cognitive impairment that affects older adults is commonly associated with an inflammatory imbalance, resulting in decreased physical fitness. Exercise has been pointed to mitigate immunosenescence and cognitive impairment associated with aging, while increase in physical fitness. However, few studies explored the relationship between changes in cytokine concentration and improvement on cognition due to elastic band strength training. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of strength training on pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines, hematological markers and physical fitness of older women with cognitive impairment...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628370/multiple-joint-exercises-using-elastic-resistance-bands-vs-conventional-resistance-training-equipment-a-cross-over-study
#19
Vegard M Iversen, Paul Jarle Mork, Ottar Vasseljen, Ronny Bergquist, Marius S Fimland
Previous studies indicate that elastic resistance bands (ERB) can be a viable option to conventional resistance-training equipment (CRE) during single-joint resistance exercises, but their efficacy has not been established for several commonly used multiple-joint resistance exercises. Thus, we compared muscular activation levels in four popular multiple-joint exercises performed with ERB (TheraBand(®)) vs. CRE (Olympic barbell or cable pulley machines). In a cross-over design, men and women (n = 29) performed squats, stiff-legged deadlifts, unilateral rows and lateral pulldown using both modalities...
September 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593096/emg-of-shoulder-muscles-during-reactive-isometric-elastic-resistance-exercises
#20
Michael J Mullaney, Christine Perkinson, Ian Kremenic, Timothy F Tyler, Karl Orishimo, Christopher Johnson
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, shoulder isometrics are introduced in the early stages of shoulder rehabilitation. A patient's isometric torque output is based on a subjective perception of force generation. By utilizing elastic resistance elongation (strain) to standardize force output, clinicians could prescribe shoulder therapeutic isometrics based on % maximum voluntary contraction (%MVC). PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to measure electromyographic (EMG) activity and determine the %MVC during shoulder flexion, external rotation and abduction isometrics at varying lengths of TheraBand® elastic resistance...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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