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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129279/myoeletric-activity-of-the-quadriceps-during-leg-press-exercise-performed-with-differing-techniques
#1
Wallace Machado, Gabriel Paz, Leonardo Mendes, Marianna Maia, Jason B Winchester, Vicente Lima, Jeffrey M Willardson, Humberto Miranda
Machado, W, Paz, G, Mendes, L, Maia, M, Winchester, JB, Lima, V, Willardson, JM, and Miranda, H. Myoeletric activity of the quadriceps during leg press exercise performed with differing techniques. J Strength Cond Res 31(2): 422-429, 2017-The quadriceps muscle supplies the motive force for dynamic knee extension. During this action, the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VL) co-contract to stabilize the patella as it tracks within the patellofemoral groove. The purpose of this study was to analyze surface electromyographic (SEMG) responses for the VL, VMO, rectus femoris (RF), and biceps femoris (BF), as well as the VMO:VL ratio during an open-kinetic chain 45° angled leg press (LP45)...
February 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116881/a-comparison-of-assisted-resisted-and-common-plyometric-training-modes-to-enhance-sprint-and-agility-performance
#2
Kazem Khodaei, Abbas Mohammadi, Neda Badri
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of assisted, resisted and common plyometric training modes to enhance sprint and agility performance. Thirty active young males (age 20.67±1.12, height 174.83± 4.69, weight 63.45± 7.51) volunteered to participate in this study that twenty-four completed testing. METHODS: The participants were randomly assigned into different groups: assisted, resisted and common plyometric exercises groups. Plyometric training involved three sessions per week for 4 weeks...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076623/low-cost-simulator-for-heart-surgery-training
#3
Roberto Rocha E Silva, Artur Lourenção, Maxim Goncharov, Fabio B Jatene
Objective: Introduce the low-cost and easy to purchase simulator without biological material so that any institution may promote extensive cardiovascular surgery training both in a hospital setting and at home without large budgets. Methods: A transparent plastic box is placed in a wooden frame, which is held by the edges using elastic bands, with the bottom turned upwards, where an oval opening is made, "simulating" a thoracotomy. For basic exercises in the aorta, the model presented by our service in the 2015 Brazilian Congress of Cardiovascular Surgery: a silicone ice tray, where one can train to make aortic purse-string suture, aortotomy, aortorrhaphy and proximal and distal anastomoses...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054143/a-low-cost-mr-compatible-ergometer-to-assess-post-exercise-phosphocreatine-recovery-kinetics
#4
Niels D Naimon, Jerzy Walczyk, James S Babb, Oleksandr Khegai, Xuejiao Che, Leeor Alon, Ravinder R Regatte, Ryan Brown, Prodromos Parasoglou
OBJECTIVE: To develop a low-cost pedal ergometer compatible with ultrahigh (7 T) field MR systems to reliably quantify metabolic parameters in human lower leg muscle using phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We constructed an MR compatible ergometer using commercially available materials and elastic bands that provide resistance to movement. We recruited ten healthy subjects (eight men and two women, mean age ± standard deviation: 32...
January 4, 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003034/resistance-training-program-for-fatigue-management-in-the-workplace-exercise-protocol-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Hélio Gustavo Santos, Luciana Dias Chiavegato, Daniela Pereira Valentim, Patricia Rodrigues da Silva, Rosimeire Simprini Padula
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a multifactorial condition that leads to disease and loss in production, and it affects a large number of workers worldwide. This study aims to demonstrate a resistance exercise protocol that individuals will perform during the work schedule, and to evaluate the effectiveness of this exercises program for fatigue control. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a cluster randomized controlled trial with two arms and is assessor blinded. A total of 352 workers of both sexes, aged 18-65 years, from a medium-sized dairy plant were enrolled in this study...
December 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992296/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-effects-of-a-sling-exercise-and-a-traditional-stabilizing-exercise-for-clinical-lumbar-spinal-instability
#6
Yong Wook Kim, Na Young Kim, Won Hyuk Chang, Sang Chul Lee
CONTEXT: Specific muscle stabilization training can be more relevant to patients with clinical spinal instability symptoms. Therefore, we hypothesized that performing sling exercise using an elastic band in patients with clinical spinal instability leads to pain reduction and improved lumbar spine stability. OBJECTIVE: To compare supervised sling exercise with an elastic band with traditional stabilizing exercise in chronic lower back pain (LBP) patients with clinical spinal instability...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942147/effects-of-elastic-band-resistance-exercise-on-balance-mobility-and-gait-function-flexibility-and-fall-efficacy-in-elderly-people
#7
Cheol-Jin Kwak, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of elastic-band resistance exercise on balance, gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy in the elderly people of rural community. [Subjects and Methods] It is selected by 45 outpatients. They have come into the clinic continually to treat of physical therapy at least 1-2 times for a week. A group treated with both general physical therapy and elastic-band resistance exercise (23 patients), and the other group treated with only general physical therapy (22 patients)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916699/results-of-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-study-of-the-guidelines-for-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-project
#8
Yvonne C Learmonth, Brynn C Adamson, Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Maria Bohri, Robert W Motl
There is increasing recognition that exercise is an efficacious strategy for managing many consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS), yet persons with MS are not engaging in sufficient exercise for accruing health benefits. Poor exercise uptake might be associated with the design of previous research. We conducted a randomised controlled trial (RCT) for examining the feasibility of a 4-month home-based, exercise-training program designed based on recent physical activity guidelines for MS and supplemented by behavioural strategies for compliance...
March 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869410/the-effect-of-strength-training-based-on-process-approach-intervention-on-balance-of-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#9
Hasan Kordi, Mehdi Sohrabi, Alireza Saberi Kakhki, Seyed R Attarzadeh Hossini
INTRODUCTION: Balance is one of the main problems of children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). According to process-oriented approach, besides strength training, neuromuscular adaptations can improve balance. OBJETIVE: To evaluate the effects of strength training on improving static and dynamic balance in DCD children. METHODS AND POPULATION: Children between 7 to 9 years old in Tehran participated in the study through randomized controlled trial design...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862492/self-perceived-health-status-and-sleep-quality-of-older-adults-living-in-community-after-elastic-band-exercises
#10
Shu-Ya Chan, Kuei-Min Chen
AIMS: To test the effectiveness of a 6-month Senior Elastic Band (SEB) exercise program on the self-perceived health status and sleep quality of older adults living in community settings. BACKGROUND: Health issues common among older adults living in community settings include poor physical and mental health conditions and sleep quality. Engagement in appropriate exercise programs facilitates alleviating these health issues among older adults. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was applied...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821937/effects-of-24-week-resistance-exercise-training-on-carotid-peak-systolic-and-end-diastolic-flow-velocity-in-healthy-older-adults
#11
Jinkee Park
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effect of resistance exercise on carotid intima-media thickness, luminal diameter, peak systolic flow velocity, end diastolic flow velocity, and wall shear rate in healthy elderly men. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty healthy elderly men (age ≥65 years) were randomly divided into a control (n=15) and resistance exercise (n=15) groups. The 24-week exercise intervention consisted of 3 days of resistance exercise per week using an elastic band per week. Body composition, physical function, blood pressure, and carotid variables were measured at baseline and after 24 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760505/pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-a-physical-therapy-program-on-upper-extremity-function-to-counteract-inactivity-in-chronic-stroke
#12
M Luz Sánchez-Sánchez, Maria-Arántzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, José-Antonio Pérez-Miralles, Elena Marqués-Sulé, Gemma-Victoria Espí-López
BACKGROUND: In chronic stroke, feasible physical therapy (PT) programs are needed to promote function throughout life. OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled pilot trial investigated the feasibility and effect of a PT program composed of strengthening exercises with elastic bands and bimanual functional training, with clearly defined doses based on the rate of perceived exertion (Borg scale), to counteract inactivity in chronic stroke. METHODS: Fifteen subjects > 6 month post-stroke were randomized to three-month of UE function training (UE group), or to lower extremity function training (LE group)...
October 19, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681867/muscle-activation-comparisons-between-elastic-and-isoinertial-resistance-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Saied Jalal Aboodarda, Phillip A Page, David George Behm
BACKGROUND: Elastic resistance has been commonly used in the therapeutic and fitness setting; however, the ability of elastic resistance to overload and activate muscles has been questioned because of linear increase in elastic resistance as the device is elongated. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the available literature on muscle activation associated with isoinertial and elastic resistance exercises, and to provide a quantitative summary comparing the two resistance training modes...
November 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632867/strength-training-using-elastic-band-improves-muscle-power-and-throwing-performance-in-young-female-handball-players
#14
Naryana Cristina Mascarin, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Antonio Carlos da Silva, Marilia Dos Santos Andrade
CONTEXT: Imbalance in shoulder rotator muscles has been considered a risk factor for injuries in handball. Strength training programs (STP) may play an important preventive role. OBJECTIVE: To verify the effects of an STP by using elastic band on shoulder muscles and ball throwing speed. DESIGN: Randomized and prospective controlled trial. SETTING: Exercise Physiology Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty nine female handball players were randomly assigned to experimental (EG, n=21, 15...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630435/effects-of-isometric-hip-movements-on-electromyographic-activities-of-the-trunk-muscles-during-plank-exercises
#15
Min-Hyeok Kang, Soo-Yong Kim, Myoung-Joo Kang, So-Hee Yoon, Jae-Seop Oh
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of isometric hip adduction and abduction on trunk muscle activity during plank exercises. [Subjects and Methods] Nineteen healthy male subjects were recruited for this study. All subjects performed the traditional plank exercise (TP), plank exercise with isometric hip adduction (PHAD), and plank exercise with isometric hip abduction (PHAB) by using an elastic band. Electromyographic (EMG) activities of the internal oblique (IO) and external oblique (EO) were measured during the 3 plank exercises by using an Electromyography system...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548799/a-non-linear-analysis-of-an-unstable-bench-press-bar-path-and-muscle-activation
#16
Michael A Lawrence, Daniel Leib, Stephanie J Ostrowski, Lara A Carlson
Unstable resistance exercises are typically performed to improve the ability of stabilizing muscles to maintain joint integrity under a load. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an unstable load (as provided by a flexible barbell and a load suspended by elastic bands) on the bar path, the primary musculature, and stabilizing musculature while bench pressing using nonlinear analyses. Fifteen resistance-trained males (age 24.2 ± 2.7 years, mass 84.1 ± 12.0 kg, height 1.77 ± 0.05 m, 9.9 ± 3...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509593/free-radicals-and-antioxidant-enzymes-in-older-adults-after-regular-senior-elastic-band-exercising-an-experimental-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#17
Lin Yu Liao, Wei Sheng Chung, Kuei Min Chen
AIM: The aim of this study was to pilot test the effects of regular senior elastic band exercises on the generation of free radicals and antioxidant enzyme activities in older adults. BACKGROUND: Long-term regular exercises have positive health promotion outcomes. On the contrary, high-intensity, high-speed and short-term exercises in older adults may increase free radicals and cause chronic disease and ageing effect. DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled pilot study...
January 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465633/variable-resistance-training-promotes-greater-strength-and-power-adaptations-than-traditional-resistance-training-in-elite-youth-rugby-league-players
#18
Maxence Rivière, Loic Louit, Alasdair Strokosch, Laurent B Seitz
The purpose of this study was to examine the strength, velocity and power adaptations in youth rugby league players in response to a variable resistance training (VRT) or traditional free-weight resistance-training (TRAD) intervention.Sixteen elite youth players were assigned to a VRT or TRAD group and completed two weekly upper and lower-body strength and power sessions for 6 weeks. Training programs were identical except that the VRT group trained the bench press exercise with 20% of the prescribed load coming from elastic bands...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396580/effect-of-elastic-band-based-high-speed-power-training-on-cognitive-function-physical-performance-and-muscle-strength-in-older-women-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#19
Dong Hyun Yoon, Dongheon Kang, Hee-Jae Kim, Jin-Soo Kim, Han Sol Song, Wook Song
AIM: The effectiveness of resistance training in improving cognitive function in older adults is well demonstrated. In particular, unconventional high-speed resistance training can improve muscle power development. In the present study, the effectiveness of 12 weeks of elastic band-based high-speed power training (HSPT) was examined. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned into a HSPT group (n = 14, age 75.0 ± 0.9 years), a low-speed strength training (LSST) group (n = 9, age 76...
July 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390405/effects-of-elastic-band-exercise-on-subjects-with-rounded-shoulder-posture-and-forward-head-posture
#20
Tae-Woon Kim, Da-In An, Hye-Yun Lee, Ho-Young Jeong, Dong-Hyun Kim, Yun-Hee Sung
[Purpose] This study performed to investigate the effect of elastic band exercise program on the posture of subjects with rounded shoulder and forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] The body length, forward shoulder angle, craniovertebral angle, and cranial rotation angle of participants (n=12) were measured before and after the exercise program. Furthermore, the thicknesses of the pectoralis major, rhomboid major, and upper trapezius were measured using an ultrasonographic imaging device. The exercises program was conducted with elastic bands, with 15 repetitions per set and 3 sets in total...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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