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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230450/characteristics-and-medication-use-of-psoriasis-patients-who-may-or-may-not-qualify-for-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
William Malatestinic, Beth Nordstrom, Jashin J Wu, Orin Goldblum, Kathleen Solotkin, Chen-Yen Lin, Kristin Kistler, Kathy Fraeman, Joseph Johnston, Lcdr Lesley Hawley, Nicholas Sicignano, Andre Araujo
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials impose exclusion criteria that may limit the generalizability of results. OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine the percentage of real-world patients who would qualify for psoriasis randomized controlled trials; (b) ascertain differences between moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients who would be eligible, ineligible, or potentially eligible for clinical trials; and (c) compare their biologic treatment patterns. METHODS: Moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients were identified from the U...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223521/nondestructive-nanostraw-intracellular-sampling-for-longitudinal-cell-monitoring
#2
Yuhong Cao, Martin Hjort, Haodong Chen, Fikri Birey, Sergio A Leal-Ortiz, Crystal M Han, Juan G Santiago, Sergiu P Paşca, Joseph C Wu, Nicholas A Melosh
Here, we report a method for time-resolved, longitudinal extraction and quantitative measurement of intracellular proteins and mRNA from a variety of cell types. Cytosolic contents were repeatedly sampled from the same cell or population of cells for more than 5 d through a cell-culture substrate, incorporating hollow 150-nm-diameter nanostraws (NS) within a defined sampling region. Once extracted, the cellular contents were analyzed with conventional methods, including fluorescence, enzymatic assays (ELISA), and quantitative real-time PCR...
February 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202772/high-throughput-screening-of-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-cardiotoxicity-with-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#3
Arun Sharma, Paul W Burridge, Wesley L McKeithan, Ricardo Serrano, Praveen Shukla, Nazish Sayed, Jared M Churko, Tomoya Kitani, Haodi Wu, Alexandra Holmström, Elena Matsa, Yuan Zhang, Anusha Kumar, Alice C Fan, Juan C Del Álamo, Sean M Wu, Javid J Moslehi, Mark Mercola, Joseph C Wu
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), despite their efficacy as anticancer therapeutics, are associated with cardiovascular side effects ranging from induced arrhythmias to heart failure. We used human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs), generated from 11 healthy individuals and 2 patients receiving cancer treatment, to screen U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved TKIs for cardiotoxicities by measuring alterations in cardiomyocyte viability, contractility, electrophysiology, calcium handling, and signaling...
February 15, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193625/deep-sequencing-of-urinary-rnas-for-bladder-cancer-molecular-diagnostics
#4
Mandy L Y Sin, Kathleen E Mach, Rahul Sinha, Fan Wu, Dharati Trivedi, Emanuela Altobelli, Kristin C Jensen, Debashis Sahoo, Ying Lu, Joseph C Liao
PURPOSE: The majority of bladder cancer patients present with localized disease and are managed by transurethral resection. However, the high rate of recurrence necessitates lifetime cystoscopic surveillance. Developing a sensitive and specific urine-based test would significantly improve bladder cancer screening, detection, and surveillance. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: RNA-seq was used for biomarker discovery to directly assess the gene expression profile of exfoliated urothelial cells in urine derived from bladder cancer patients (n=13) and controls (n=10)...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182229/cardiac-subtype-characterization-using-all-optical-action-potential-imaging
#5
Praveen Shukla, Joseph C Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167635/defined-engineered-human-myocardium-with-advanced-maturation-for-applications-in-heart-failure-modelling-and-repair
#6
Malte Tiburcy, James E Hudson, Paul Balfanz, Susanne F Schlick, Tim Meyer, Mei-Ling Chang Liao, Elif Levent, Farah Raad, Sebastian Zeidler, Edgar Wingender, Johannes Riegler, Mouer Wang, Joseph D Gold, Itzhak Kehat, Erich Wettwer, Ursula Ravens, Pieterjan Dierickx, Linda van Laake, Marie-José Goumans, Sara Khadjeh, Karl Toischer, Gerd Hasenfuss, Larry A Couture, Andreas Unger, Wolfgang A Linke, Toshiyuki Araki, Benjamin Neel, Gordon Keller, Lior Gepstein, Joseph C Wu, Wolfram-Hubertus Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: -Advancing structural and functional maturation of stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes remains a key challenge for applications in disease modelling, drug screening, and heart repair. Here, we sought to advance cardiomyocyte maturation in engineered human myocardium (EHM) towards an adult phenotype under defined conditions. METHODS: -We systematically investigated cell composition, matrix and media conditions to generate EHM from embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts with organotypic functionality under serum-free conditions...
February 6, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113019/management-of-brain-metastases-in-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-na%C3%A3-ve-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-retrospective-multi-institutional-analysis
#7
William J Magnuson, Nataniel H Lester-Coll, Abraham J Wu, T Jonathan Yang, Natalie A Lockney, Naamit K Gerber, Kathryn Beal, Arya Amini, Tejas Patil, Brian D Kavanagh, D Ross Camidge, Steven E Braunstein, Lauren C Boreta, Suresh K Balasubramanian, Manmeet S Ahluwalia, Niteshkumar G Rana, Albert Attia, Scott N Gettinger, Joseph N Contessa, James B Yu, Veronica L Chiang
Purpose Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are treatment options for brain metastases in patients with EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This multi-institutional analysis sought to determine the optimal management of patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC who develop brain metastases and have not received EGFR-TKI. Materials and Methods A total of 351 patients from six institutions with EGFR-mutant NSCLC developed brain metastases and met inclusion criteria for the study...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110520/characterizing-photon-reabsorption-in-quantum-dot-polymer-composites-for-use-as-displacement-sensors
#8
Matthew A Koc, Shilpa N Raja, Lindsey A Hanson, Son C Nguyen, Nicholas J Borys, Alexander S Powers, Siva Wu, Kaori Takano, Joseph K Swabeck, Jacob H Olshansky, Liwei Lin, Robert O Ritchie, A Paul Alivisatos
The reabsorption of photoluminescence within a medium, an effect known as the inner filter effect (IFE), has been well studied in solutions, but has garnered less attention in regards to solid-state nanocomposites. Photoluminescence from a quantum dot (QD) can selectively excite larger QDs around it resulting in a net red-shift in the reemitted photon. In CdSe/CdS core/shell QD-polymer nanocomposites we observe a large spectral red-shift of over a third of the linewidth of the photoluminescence of the nanocomposites over a distance of 100 μm resulting from the IFE...
January 22, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100699/proteogenomics-produces-comprehensive-and-highly-accurate-protein-coding-gene-annotation-in-a-complete-genome-assembly-of-malassezia-sympodialis
#9
Yafeng Zhu, Pär G Engström, Christian Tellgren-Roth, Charles D Baudo, John C Kennell, Sheng Sun, R Blake Billmyre, Markus S Schröder, Anna Andersson, Tina Holm, Benjamin Sigurgeirsson, Guangxi Wu, Sundar Ram Sankaranarayanan, Rahul Siddharthan, Kaustuv Sanyal, Joakim Lundeberg, Björn Nystedt, Teun Boekhout, Thomas L Dawson, Joseph Heitman, Annika Scheynius, Janne Lehtiö
Complete and accurate genome assembly and annotation is a crucial foundation for comparative and functional genomics. Despite this, few complete eukaryotic genomes are available, and genome annotation remains a major challenge. Here, we present a complete genome assembly of the skin commensal yeast Malassezia sympodialis and demonstrate how proteogenomics can substantially improve gene annotation. Through long-read DNA sequencing, we obtained a gap-free genome assembly for M. sympodialis (ATCC 42132), comprising eight nuclear and one mitochondrial chromosome...
January 18, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089908/human-aml-ipscs-reacquire-leukemic-properties-after-differentiation-and-model-clonal-variation-of-disease
#10
Mark P Chao, Andrew J Gentles, Susmita Chatterjee, Feng Lan, Andreas Reinisch, M Ryan Corces, Seethu Xavy, Jinfeng Shen, Daniel Haag, Soham Chanda, Rahul Sinha, Rachel M Morganti, Toshinobu Nishimura, Mohamed Ameen, Haodi Wu, Marius Wernig, Joseph C Wu, Ravindra Majeti
Understanding the relative contributions of genetic and epigenetic abnormalities to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) should assist integrated design of targeted therapies. In this study, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from AML patient samples harboring MLL rearrangements and found that they retained leukemic mutations but reset leukemic DNA methylation/gene expression patterns. AML-iPSCs lacked leukemic potential, but when differentiated into hematopoietic cells, they reacquired the ability to give rise to leukemia in vivo and reestablished leukemic DNA methylation/gene expression patterns, including an aberrant MLL signature...
December 26, 2016: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089411/apheresis-medicine-education-in-the-united-states-of-america-state-of-the-discipline
#11
REVIEW
Monica B Pagano, Gay Wehrli, Darlene Cloutier, Eileen Galvin Karr, Ileana Lopez-Plaza, Joseph Schwartz, Chester Andrzejewski, Jeffrey L Winters, Edward C C Wong, Yanyun Wu, Nicole D Zantek
Apheresis Medicine is a medical discipline that involves a variety of procedures (based on the targeted component to be removed or collected), indications (therapeutic vs. donation), and personnel (operators, management, and medical oversight). Apheresis services are accredited and/or regulated by a number of agencies and organizations. Given the complexity and the heterogeneity of apheresis services, it has been particularly challenging to formulate educational goals and define curriculums that easily cover all aspects of Apheresis Medicine...
December 29, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074625/heterocumulene-sulfinyl-radical-ocnso
#12
Zhuang Wu, Qifan Liu, Jian Xu, Hailong Sun, Dingqing Li, Chao Song, Diego M Andrada, Gernot Frenking, Tarek Trabelsi, Joseph S Francisco, Xiaoqing Zeng
Neutral five-atomic cumulenes formally consisting of two pseudohalogens (e.g., NCO, NNN, NSO) by sharing the central nitrogen atom are exotic species that have been barely studied. Through flash vacuum pyrolysis of CF3 S(O)NCO at ca. 1200 K, sulfinyl isocyanate, bearing resonance structures of O=C-N=S=O and O=C=N-S=O, has been generated in the gas phase and subsequently characterized in cryogenic matrices (Ar and N2 ). Its reversible conformational (syn and anti) interconversion and photodecomposition were observed...
January 11, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070282/the-database-of-the-predicts-projecting-responses-of-ecological-diversity-in-changing-terrestrial-systems-project
#13
Lawrence N Hudson, Tim Newbold, Sara Contu, Samantha L L Hill, Igor Lysenko, Adriana De Palma, Helen R P Phillips, Tamera I Alhusseini, Felicity E Bedford, Dominic J Bennett, Hollie Booth, Victoria J Burton, Charlotte W T Chng, Argyrios Choimes, David L P Correia, Julie Day, Susy Echeverría-Londoño, Susan R Emerson, Di Gao, Morgan Garon, Michelle L K Harrison, Daniel J Ingram, Martin Jung, Victoria Kemp, Lucinda Kirkpatrick, Callum D Martin, Yuan Pan, Gwilym D Pask-Hale, Edwin L Pynegar, Alexandra N Robinson, Katia Sanchez-Ortiz, Rebecca A Senior, Benno I Simmons, Hannah J White, Hanbin Zhang, Job Aben, Stefan Abrahamczyk, Gilbert B Adum, Virginia Aguilar-Barquero, Marcelo A Aizen, Belén Albertos, E L Alcala, Maria Del Mar Alguacil, Audrey Alignier, Marc Ancrenaz, Alan N Andersen, Enrique Arbeláez-Cortés, Inge Armbrecht, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Tom Aumann, Jan C Axmacher, Badrul Azhar, Adrián B Azpiroz, Lander Baeten, Adama Bakayoko, András Báldi, John E Banks, Sharad K Baral, Jos Barlow, Barbara I P Barratt, Lurdes Barrico, Paola Bartolommei, Diane M Barton, Yves Basset, Péter Batáry, Adam J Bates, Bruno Baur, Erin M Bayne, Pedro Beja, Suzan Benedick, Åke Berg, Henry Bernard, Nicholas J Berry, Dinesh Bhatt, Jake E Bicknell, Jochen H Bihn, Robin J Blake, Kadiri S Bobo, Roberto Bóçon, Teun Boekhout, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Kevin J Bonham, Paulo A V Borges, Sérgio H Borges, Céline Boutin, Jérémy Bouyer, Cibele Bragagnolo, Jodi S Brandt, Francis Q Brearley, Isabel Brito, Vicenç Bros, Jörg Brunet, Grzegorz Buczkowski, Christopher M Buddle, Rob Bugter, Erika Buscardo, Jörn Buse, Jimmy Cabra-García, Nilton C Cáceres, Nicolette L Cagle, María Calviño-Cancela, Sydney A Cameron, Eliana M Cancello, Rut Caparrós, Pedro Cardoso, Dan Carpenter, Tiago F Carrijo, Anelena L Carvalho, Camila R Cassano, Helena Castro, Alejandro A Castro-Luna, Cerda B Rolando, Alexis Cerezo, Kim Alan Chapman, Matthieu Chauvat, Morten Christensen, Francis M Clarke, Daniel F R Cleary, Giorgio Colombo, Stuart P Connop, Michael D Craig, Leopoldo Cruz-López, Saul A Cunningham, Biagio D'Aniello, Neil D'Cruze, Pedro Giovâni da Silva, Martin Dallimer, Emmanuel Danquah, Ben Darvill, Jens Dauber, Adrian L V Davis, Jeff Dawson, Claudio de Sassi, Benoit de Thoisy, Olivier Deheuvels, Alain Dejean, Jean-Louis Devineau, Tim Diekötter, Jignasu V Dolia, Erwin Domínguez, Yamileth Dominguez-Haydar, Silvia Dorn, Isabel Draper, Niels Dreber, Bertrand Dumont, Simon G Dures, Mats Dynesius, Lars Edenius, Paul Eggleton, Felix Eigenbrod, Zoltán Elek, Martin H Entling, Karen J Esler, Ricardo F de Lima, Aisyah Faruk, Nina Farwig, Tom M Fayle, Antonio Felicioli, Annika M Felton, Roderick J Fensham, Ignacio C Fernandez, Catarina C Ferreira, Gentile F Ficetola, Cristina Fiera, Bruno K C Filgueiras, Hüseyin K Fırıncıoğlu, David Flaspohler, Andreas Floren, Steven J Fonte, Anne Fournier, Robert E Fowler, Markus Franzén, Lauchlan H Fraser, Gabriella M Fredriksson, Geraldo B Freire, Tiago L M Frizzo, Daisuke Fukuda, Dario Furlani, René Gaigher, Jörg U Ganzhorn, Karla P García, Juan C Garcia-R, Jenni G Garden, Ricardo Garilleti, Bao-Ming Ge, Benoit Gendreau-Berthiaume, Philippa J Gerard, Carla Gheler-Costa, Benjamin Gilbert, Paolo Giordani, Simonetta Giordano, Carly Golodets, Laurens G L Gomes, Rachelle K Gould, Dave Goulson, Aaron D Gove, Laurent Granjon, Ingo Grass, Claudia L Gray, James Grogan, Weibin Gu, Moisès Guardiola, Nihara R Gunawardene, Alvaro G Gutierrez, Doris L Gutiérrez-Lamus, Daniela H Haarmeyer, Mick E Hanley, Thor Hanson, Nor R Hashim, Shombe N Hassan, Richard G Hatfield, Joseph E Hawes, Matt W Hayward, Christian Hébert, Alvin J Helden, John-André Henden, Philipp Henschel, Lionel Hernández, James P Herrera, Farina Herrmann, Felix Herzog, Diego Higuera-Diaz, Branko Hilje, Hubert Höfer, Anke Hoffmann, Finbarr G Horgan, Elisabeth Hornung, Roland Horváth, Kristoffer Hylander, Paola Isaacs-Cubides, Hiroaki Ishida, Masahiro Ishitani, Carmen T Jacobs, Víctor J Jaramillo, Birgit Jauker, F Jiménez Hernández, McKenzie F Johnson, Virat Jolli, Mats Jonsell, S Nur Juliani, Thomas S Jung, Vena Kapoor, Heike Kappes, Vassiliki Kati, Eric Katovai, Klaus Kellner, Michael Kessler, Kathryn R Kirby, Andrew M Kittle, Mairi E Knight, Eva Knop, Florian Kohler, Matti Koivula, Annette Kolb, Mouhamadou Kone, Ádám Kőrösi, Jochen Krauss, Ajith Kumar, Raman Kumar, David J Kurz, Alex S Kutt, Thibault Lachat, Victoria Lantschner, Francisco Lara, Jesse R Lasky, Steven C Latta, William F Laurance, Patrick Lavelle, Violette Le Féon, Gretchen LeBuhn, Jean-Philippe Légaré, Valérie Lehouck, María V Lencinas, Pia E Lentini, Susan G Letcher, Qi Li, Simon A Litchwark, Nick A Littlewood, Yunhui Liu, Nancy Lo-Man-Hung, Carlos A López-Quintero, Mounir Louhaichi, Gabor L Lövei, Manuel Esteban Lucas-Borja, Victor H Luja, Matthew S Luskin, M Cristina MacSwiney G, Kaoru Maeto, Tibor Magura, Neil Aldrin Mallari, Louise A Malone, Patrick K Malonza, Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte, Salvador Mandujano, Inger E Måren, Erika Marin-Spiotta, Charles J Marsh, E J P Marshall, Eliana Martínez, Guillermo Martínez Pastur, David Moreno Mateos, Margaret M Mayfield, Vicente Mazimpaka, Jennifer L McCarthy, Kyle P McCarthy, Quinn S McFrederick, Sean McNamara, Nagore G Medina, Rafael Medina, Jose L Mena, Estefania Mico, Grzegorz Mikusinski, Jeffrey C Milder, James R Miller, Daniel R Miranda-Esquivel, Melinda L Moir, Carolina L Morales, Mary N Muchane, Muchai Muchane, Sonja Mudri-Stojnic, A Nur Munira, Antonio Muoñz-Alonso, B F Munyekenye, Robin Naidoo, A Naithani, Michiko Nakagawa, Akihiro Nakamura, Yoshihiro Nakashima, Shoji Naoe, Guiomar Nates-Parra, Dario A Navarrete Gutierrez, Luis Navarro-Iriarte, Paul K Ndang'ang'a, Eike L Neuschulz, Jacqueline T Ngai, Violaine Nicolas, Sven G Nilsson, Norbertas Noreika, Olivia Norfolk, Jorge Ari Noriega, David A Norton, Nicole M Nöske, A Justin Nowakowski, Catherine Numa, Niall O'Dea, Patrick J O'Farrell, William Oduro, Sabine Oertli, Caleb Ofori-Boateng, Christopher Omamoke Oke, Vicencio Oostra, Lynne M Osgathorpe, Samuel Eduardo Otavo, Navendu V Page, Juan Paritsis, Alejandro Parra-H, Luke Parry, Guy Pe'er, Peter B Pearman, Nicolás Pelegrin, Raphaël Pélissier, Carlos A Peres, Pablo L Peri, Anna S Persson, Theodora Petanidou, Marcell K Peters, Rohan S Pethiyagoda, Ben Phalan, T Keith Philips, Finn C Pillsbury, Jimmy Pincheira-Ulbrich, Eduardo Pineda, Joan Pino, Jaime Pizarro-Araya, A J Plumptre, Santiago L Poggio, Natalia Politi, Pere Pons, Katja Poveda, Eileen F Power, Steven J Presley, Vânia Proença, Marino Quaranta, Carolina Quintero, Romina Rader, B R Ramesh, Martha P Ramirez-Pinilla, Jai Ranganathan, Claus Rasmussen, Nicola A Redpath-Downing, J Leighton Reid, Yana T Reis, José M Rey Benayas, Juan Carlos Rey-Velasco, Chevonne Reynolds, Danilo Bandini Ribeiro, Miriam H Richards, Barbara A Richardson, Michael J Richardson, Rodrigo Macip Ríos, Richard Robinson, Carolina A Robles, Jörg Römbke, Luz Piedad Romero-Duque, Matthias Rös, Loreta Rosselli, Stephen J Rossiter, Dana S Roth, T'ai H Roulston, Laurent Rousseau, André V Rubio, Jean-Claude Ruel, Jonathan P Sadler, Szabolcs Sáfián, Romeo A Saldaña-Vázquez, Katerina Sam, Ulrika Samnegård, Joana Santana, Xavier Santos, Jade Savage, Nancy A Schellhorn, Menno Schilthuizen, Ute Schmiedel, Christine B Schmitt, Nicole L Schon, Christof Schüepp, Katharina Schumann, Oliver Schweiger, Dawn M Scott, Kenneth A Scott, Jodi L Sedlock, Steven S Seefeldt, Ghazala Shahabuddin, Graeme Shannon, Douglas Sheil, Frederick H Sheldon, Eyal Shochat, Stefan J Siebert, Fernando A B Silva, Javier A Simonetti, Eleanor M Slade, Jo Smith, Allan H Smith-Pardo, Navjot S Sodhi, Eduardo J Somarriba, Ramón A Sosa, Grimaldo Soto Quiroga, Martin-Hugues St-Laurent, Brian M Starzomski, Constanti Stefanescu, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Philip C Stouffer, Jane C Stout, Ayron M Strauch, Matthew J Struebig, Zhimin Su, Marcela Suarez-Rubio, Shinji Sugiura, Keith S Summerville, Yik-Hei Sung, Hari Sutrisno, Jens-Christian Svenning, Tiit Teder, Caragh G Threlfall, Anu Tiitsaar, Jacqui H Todd, Rebecca K Tonietto, Ignasi Torre, Béla Tóthmérész, Teja Tscharntke, Edgar C Turner, Jason M Tylianakis, Marcio Uehara-Prado, Nicolas Urbina-Cardona, Denis Vallan, Adam J Vanbergen, Heraldo L Vasconcelos, Kiril Vassilev, Hans A F Verboven, Maria João Verdasca, José R Verdú, Carlos H Vergara, Pablo M Vergara, Jort Verhulst, Massimiliano Virgilio, Lien Van Vu, Edward M Waite, Tony R Walker, Hua-Feng Wang, Yanping Wang, James I Watling, Britta Weller, Konstans Wells, Catrin Westphal, Edward D Wiafe, Christopher D Williams, Michael R Willig, John C Z Woinarski, Jan H D Wolf, Volkmar Wolters, Ben A Woodcock, Jihua Wu, Joseph M Wunderle, Yuichi Yamaura, Satoko Yoshikura, Douglas W Yu, Andrey S Zaitsev, Juliane Zeidler, Fasheng Zou, Ben Collen, Rob M Ewers, Georgina M Mace, Drew W Purves, Jörn P W Scharlemann, Andy Purvis
The PREDICTS project-Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems (www.predicts.org.uk)-has collated from published studies a large, reasonably representative database of comparable samples of biodiversity from multiple sites that differ in the nature or intensity of human impacts relating to land use. We have used this evidence base to develop global and regional statistical models of how local biodiversity responds to these measures. We describe and make freely available this 2016 release of the database, containing more than 3...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069952/toxic-prn-poly-dipeptides-encoded-by-the-c9orf72-repeat-expansion-block-nuclear-import-and-export
#14
Kevin Y Shi, Eiichiro Mori, Zehra F Nizami, Yi Lin, Masato Kato, Siheng Xiang, Leeju C Wu, Ming Ding, Yonghao Yu, Joseph G Gall, Steven L McKnight
The toxic proline:arginine (PRn) poly-dipeptide encoded by the (GGGGCC)n repeat expansion in the C9orf72 form of heritable amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) binds to the central channel of the nuclear pore and inhibits the movement of macromolecules into and out of the nucleus. The PRn poly-dipeptide binds to polymeric forms of the phenylalanine:glycine (FG) repeat domain, which is shared by several proteins of the nuclear pore complex, including those in the central channel. A method of chemical footprinting was used to characterize labile, cross-β polymers formed from the FG domain of the Nup54 protein...
January 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025329/association-between-gwas-identified-lung-adenocarcinoma-susceptibility-loci-and-egfr-mutations-in-never-smoking-asian-women-and-comparison-with-findings-from-western-populations
#15
Wei Jie Seow, Keitaro Matsuo, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Kouya Shiraishi, Minsun Song, Hee Nam Kim, Maria Pik Wong, Yun-Chul Hong, H Dean Hosgood, Zhaoming Wang, I-Shou Chang, Jiu-Cun Wang, Nilanjan Chatterjee, Margaret Tucker, Hu Wei, Tetsuya Mitsudomi, Wei Zheng, Jin Hee Kim, Baosen Zhou, Neil E Caporaso, Demetrius Albanes, Min-Ho Shin, Lap Ping Chung, She-Juan An, Ping Wang, Hong Zheng, Yasushi Yatabe, Xu-Chao Zhang, Young Tae Kim, Xiao-Ou Shu, Young-Chul Kim, Bryan A Bassig, Jiang Chang, James Chung Man Ho, Bu-Tian Ji, Michiaki Kubo, Yataro Daigo, Hidemi Ito, Yukihide Momozawa, Kyota Ashikawa, Yoichiro Kamatani, Takayuki Honda, Hiromi Sakamoto, Hideo Kunitoh, Koji Tsuta, Shun-Ichi Watanabe, Hiroshi Nokihara, Yohei Miyagi, Haruhiko Nakayama, Shingo Matsumoto, Masahiro Tsuboi, Koichi Goto, Zhihua Yin, Jianxin Shi, Atsushi Takahashi, Akiteru Goto, Yoshihiro Minamiya, Kimihiro Shimizu, Kazumi Tanaka, Tangchun Wu, Fusheng Wei, Jason Y Y Wong, Fumihiko Matsuda, Jian Su, Yeul Hong Kim, In-Jae Oh, Fengju Song, Victor Ho Fun Lee, Wu-Chou Su, Yuh-Min Chen, Gee-Chen Chang, Kuan-Yu Chen, Ming-Shyan Huang, Pan-Chyr Yang, Hsien-Chih Lin, Yong-Bing Xiang, Adeline Seow, Jae Yong Park, Sun-Seog Kweon, Chien-Jen Chen, Haixin Li, Yu-Tang Gao, Chen Wu, Biyun Qian, Daru Lu, Jianjun Liu, Hyo-Sung Jeon, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Jae Sook Sung, Ying-Huang Tsai, Yoo Jin Jung, Huan Guo, Zhibin Hu, Wen-Chang Wang, Charles C Chung, Charles Lawrence, Laurie Burdett, Meredith Yeager, Kevin B Jacobs, Amy Hutchinson, Sonja I Berndt, Xingzhou He, Wei Wu, Junwen Wang, Yuqing Li, Jin Eun Choi, Kyong Hwa Park, Sook Whan Sung, Li Liu, Chang Hyun Kang, Lingmin Hu, Chung-Hsing Chen, Tsung-Ying Yang, Jun Xu, Peng Guan, Wen Tan, Chih-Liang Wang, Alan Dart Loon Sihoe, Ying Chen, Yi Young Choi, Jen-Yu Hung, Jun Suk Kim, Ho-Il Yoon, Qiuyin Cai, Chien-Chung Lin, In Kyu Park, Ping Xu, Jing Dong, Christopher Kim, Qincheng He, Reury-Perng Perng, Chih-Yi Chen, Roel Vermeulen, Junjie Wu, Wei-Yen Lim, Kun-Chieh Chen, John K C Chan, Minjie Chu, Yao-Jen Li, Jihua Li, Hongyan Chen, Chong-Jen Yu, Li Jin, Yen-Li Lo, Ying-Hsiang Chen, Joseph F Fraumeni, Jie Liu, Taiki Yamaji, Yang Yang, Belynda Hicks, Kathleen Wyatt, Shengchao A Li, Juncheng Dai, Hongxia Ma, Guangfu Jin, Bao Song, Zhehai Wang, Sensen Cheng, Xuelian Li, Yangwu Ren, Ping Cui, Motoki Iwasaki, Taichi Shimazu, Shoichiro Tsugane, Junjie Zhu, Gening Jiang, Ke Fei, Guoping Wu, Li-Hsin Chien, Hui-Ling Chen, Yu-Chun Su, Fang-Yu Tsai, Yi-Song Chen, Jinming Yu, Victoria L Stevens, Ite A Laird-Offringa, Crystal N Marconett, Dongxin Lin, Kexin Chen, Yi-Long Wu, Maria Teresa Landi, Hongbing Shen, Nathaniel Rothman, Takashi Kohno, Stephen J Chanock, Qing Lan
To evaluate associations by EGFR mutation status for lung adenocarcinoma risk among never-smoking Asian women, we conducted a meta-analysis of 11 loci previously identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Genotyping in an additional 10,780 never-smoking cases and 10,938 never-smoking controls from Asia confirmed associations with eight known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Two new signals were observed at genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10(-8)), namely, rs7216064 (17q24.3, BPTF), for overall lung adenocarcinoma risk, and rs3817963 (6p21...
December 26, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017794/patient-specific-ipsc-derived-endothelial-cells-uncover-pathways-that-protect-against-pulmonary-hypertension-in-bmpr2-mutation-carriers
#16
Mingxia Gu, Ning-Yi Shao, Silin Sa, Dan Li, Vittavat Termglinchan, Mohamed Ameen, Ioannis Karakikes, Gustavo Sosa, Fabian Grubert, Jaecheol Lee, Aiqin Cao, Shalina Taylor, Yu Ma, Zhixin Zhao, James Chappell, Rizwan Hamid, Eric D Austin, Joseph D Gold, Joseph C Wu, Michael P Snyder, Marlene Rabinovitch
In familial pulmonary arterial hypertension (FPAH), the autosomal dominant disease-causing BMPR2 mutation is only 20% penetrant, suggesting that genetic variation provides modifiers that alleviate the disease. Here, we used comparison of induced pluripotent stem cell-derived endothelial cells (iPSC-ECs) from three families with unaffected mutation carriers (UMCs), FPAH patients, and gender-matched controls to investigate this variation. Our analysis identified features of UMC iPSC-ECs related to modifiers of BMPR2 signaling or to differentially expressed genes...
December 2, 2016: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017605/an-lhx1-regulated-transcriptional-network-controls-sleep-wake-coupling-and-thermal-resistance-of-the-central-circadian-clockworks
#17
Joseph L Bedont, Tara A LeGates, Ethan Buhr, Abhijith Bathini, Jonathan P Ling, Benjamin Bell, Mark N Wu, Philip C Wong, Russell N Van Gelder, Valerie Mongrain, Samer Hattar, Seth Blackshaw
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the central circadian clock in mammals. It is entrained by light but resistant to temperature shifts that entrain peripheral clocks [1-5]. The SCN expresses many functionally important neuropeptides, including vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), which drives light entrainment, synchrony, and amplitude of SCN cellular clocks and organizes circadian behavior [5-16]. The transcription factor LHX1 drives SCN Vip expression, and cellular desynchrony in Lhx1-deficient SCN largely results from Vip loss [17, 18]...
January 9, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994741/discovery-of-phenylglycine-lactams-as-potent-neutral-factor-viia-inhibitors
#18
Nicholas R Wurtz, Brandon L Parkhurst, Wen Jiang, Indawati DeLucca, Xiaojun Zhang, Vladimir Ladziata, Daniel L Cheney, Jeffrey R Bozarth, Alan R Rendina, Anzhi Wei, Joseph M Luettgen, Yiming Wu, Pancras C Wong, Dietmar A Seiffert, Ruth R Wexler, E Scott Priestley
Inhibitors of Factor VIIa (FVIIa), a serine protease in the clotting cascade, have shown strong antithrombotic efficacy in preclinical thrombosis models with minimal bleeding liabilities. Discovery of potent, orally active FVIIa inhibitors has been largely unsuccessful because known chemotypes have required a highly basic group in the S1 binding pocket for high affinity. A recently reported fragment screening effort resulted in the discovery of a neutral heterocycle, 7-chloro-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1(2H)-one, that binds in the S1 pocket of FVIIa and can be incorporated into a phenylglycine FVIIa inhibitor...
December 8, 2016: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980341/induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-technology-a-decade-of-progress
#19
REVIEW
Yanhong Shi, Haruhisa Inoue, Joseph C Wu, Shinya Yamanaka
Since the advent of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology a decade ago, enormous progress has been made in stem cell biology and regenerative medicine. Human iPSCs have been widely used for disease modelling, drug discovery and cell therapy development. Novel pathological mechanisms have been elucidated, new drugs originating from iPSC screens are in the pipeline and the first clinical trial using human iPSC-derived products has been initiated. In particular, the combination of human iPSC technology with recent developments in gene editing and 3D organoids makes iPSC-based platforms even more powerful in each area of their application, including precision medicine...
2017: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974043/airplane-pilot-mental-health-and-suicidal-thoughts-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-via-anonymous-web-based-survey
#20
Alexander C Wu, Deborah Donnelly-McLay, Marc G Weisskopf, Eileen McNeely, Theresa S Betancourt, Joseph G Allen
BACKGROUND: The Germanwings Flight 9525 crash has brought the sensitive subject of airline pilot mental health to the forefront in aviation. Globally, 350 million people suffer from depression-a common mental disorder. This study provides further information on this important topic regarding mental health especially among female airline pilots. This is the first study to describe airline pilot mental health-with a focus on depression and suicidal thoughts-outside of the information derived from aircraft accident investigations, regulated health examinations, or identifiable self-reports, which are records protected by civil aviation authorities and airline companies...
December 15, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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