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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243038/what-performance-analysts-need-to-know-about-research-trends-in-association-football-2012-2016-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Duarte Araújo, Keith Davids, Allistair McRobert, António Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Evolving patterns of match analysis research need to be systematically reviewed regularly since this area of work is burgeoning rapidly and studies can offer new insights to performance analysts if theoretically and coherently organized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of published articles on match analysis in adult male football, identify and organize common research topics, and synthesize the emerging patterns of work between 2012 and 2016, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 14, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241339/a-novel-model-for-a-hub-and-spoke-spinal-service-and-improvements-in-the-treatment-of-spinal-pathology-in-a-rural-hospital-setting
#2
Erden Ali, Andrew Macdowell, Thomas Pagonis
INTRODUCTION:   We present a unique pathway for care aimed specifically at spinal patients. As a result of the shift of the spoke direction from the existing hub-and-spoke model, patient care is being redirected successfully with great benefit to a rural department. Within the rural community, it is the spoke that is the main locality to which patients present and at which they are treated. Subspecialty procurement is often more central and located in tertiary referral centres outside of a rural position...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240772/monitoring-of-arrhythmia-and-sudden-death-in-a-hemodialysis-population-the-crash-ilr-study
#3
Paul R Roberts, Donah Zachariah, John M Morgan, Arthur M Yue, Elizabeth F Greenwood, Patrick C Phillips, Philip A Kalra, Darren Green, Robert J Lewis, Paul R Kalra
INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that sudden cardiac death (SCD) contributes around 50% of cardiovascular and 27% of all-cause mortality in hemodialysis patients. The true burden of arrhythmias and arrhythmic deaths in this population, however, remains poorly characterised. Cardio Renal Arrhythmia Study in Hemodialysis (CRASH-ILR) is a prospective, implantable loop recorder single centre study of 30 established hemodialysis patients and one of the first to provide long-term ambulatory ECG monitoring...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240724/large-outbreak-of-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-c-nigeria-december-2016-june-2017
#4
Chimeremma Nnadi, John Oladejo, Sebastian Yennan, Adesola Ogunleye, Chidinma Agbai, Lawal Bakare, Mohammed Abdulaziz, Amina Mohammed, Mary Stephens, Kyadindi Sumaili, Olivier Ronveaux, Helen Maguire, Debra Karch, Mahmood Dalhat, Martin Antonio, Andre Bita, Ifeanyi Okudo, Patrick Nguku, Ryan Novak, Omotayo Bolu, Faisal Shuaib, Chikwe Ihekweazu
On February 16, 2017, the Ministry of Health in Zamfara State, in northwestern Nigeria, notified the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) of an increased number of suspected cerebrospinal meningitis (meningitis) cases reported from four local government areas (LGAs). Meningitis cases were subsequently also reported from Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, and Sokoto states, all of which share borders with Zamfara State, and from Yobe State in northeastern Nigeria. On April 3, 2017, NCDC activated an Emergency Operations Center (EOC) to coordinate rapid development and implementation of a national meningitis emergency outbreak response plan...
December 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240570/severity-of-button-batteries-ingestions-data-from-french-poison-control-centres-between-1999-and-2015
#5
Magali Labadie, Elisabeth O'Mahony, Lise Capaldo, Arnaud Courtois, Thierry Lamireau, Patrick Nisse, Ingrid Blanc-Brisset, Emmanuel Puskarczyk
BACKGROUND: Although the ingestion of button batteries is an infrequent situation, it leads to a significant risk of causing serious damage. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to describe all the cases of button battery ingestion recorded by the French Poison Control Centers over 16 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All the cases of button battery ingestion were recorded from 1 January 1999 to the end of June 2015, analysed (age, sex, number of ingested button batteries, clinical signs and treatments) and graded for severity according to the poisoning severity score...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240277/how-perceived-feelings-of-wellness-influence-the-decision-making-of-people-with-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Sandra Campbell-Crofts, Glenn Stewart
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify the subjective meanings attached to decisions made by people living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) as they consider their transition to renal replacement therapy (RRT). BACKGROUND: Within the challenging world of chronic illness, people draw upon their temporal life experiences to help them make the best or most balanced primary health care decisions. Understanding the risks and benefits associated with these decisions has been an area of intense interest in health research...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239735/burns-centre-and-fire-services-what-information-can-be-exchanged-to-manage-the-burn-patient
#7
O Pujji, B Nizar, J Bechar, D North, S Jeffery
AIM: To describe the experience of using a "Burns Extrication Form" at a regional Burns Centre. Communication between the fire services and burns team previously has been regarded as poor. Significant information is collected by the fire services at the scene and this can aid the management of the patient. METHODS: The Burns Extrication Form was devised to provide a clear framework of communication between the two services. Information regarding time frames, exposure to heat & smoke, fire loading (potential severity of a fire in a given space by measuring amount of combustible material in confined space), building construction, chemicals involved is passed to the medical team through this form through a National Health Service mailbox...
November 24, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239115/case-management-in-early-psychosis-intervention-programme-perspectives-of-clients-and-caregivers
#8
Horng Hien Wong, Yee Huei Yong, Shazana Shahwan, Laxman Cetty, Janhavi Vaingankar, Charlene Hon, Helen Lee, Christopher Loh, Edimansyah Abdin, Mythily Subramaniam
AIM: This qualitative study explored the perspectives of clients and caregivers on case management provided by the Singapore Early Psychosis Intervention Programme (EPIP), with the intent to understand the salient aspects of case management from their perspective. METHODS: Clients and their caregivers were recruited from the EPIP outpatient clinics. Focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted at a community centre outside the hospital with 47 clients and 19 caregivers...
December 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239074/barriers-to-the-use-of-emergency-medical-services-for-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-determining-why-many-patients-opt-for-self-transport
#9
Mathew Mercuri, Katherine Connolly, Madhu K Natarajan, Michelle Welsford, J D Schwalm
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Access to timely ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) care is facilitated by paramedics and emergency medical services (EMS). However, a large proportion of STEMI patients do not access care through EMS. This study sought to identify patient-reported factors for their decision to use (or not use) EMS. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of STEMI patients admitted to a large tertiary care centre between November 2011 and January 2012...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238847/which-pre-hospital-triage-parameters-indicate-a-need-for-immediate-evaluation-and-treatment-of-severely-injured-patients-in-the-resuscitation-area
#10
K O Jensen, R Heyard, D Schmitt, L Mica, C Ossendorf, H P Simmen, G A Wanner, C M L Werner, L Held, K Sprengel
PURPOSE: To find ways to reduce the rate of over-triage without drastically increasing the rate of under-triage, we applied a current guideline and identified relevant pre-hospital triage predictors that indicate the need for immediate evaluation and treatment of severely injured patients in the resuscitation area. METHODS: Data for adult trauma patients admitted to our level-1 trauma centre in a one year period were collected. Outpatients were excluded. Correct triage for trauma team activation was identified for patients with an ISS or NISS ≥ 16 or the need for ICU treatment due to trauma sequelae...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238572/management-and-investigation-of-a-serratia-marcescens-outbreak-in-a-neonatal-unit-in-switzerland-the-role-of-hand-hygiene-and-whole-genome-sequencing-r1-aric-d-17-00143
#11
Walter Zingg, Isabelle Soulake, Damien Baud, Benedikt Huttner, Riccardo Pfister, Gesuele Renzi, Didier Pittet, Jacques Schrenzel, Patrice Francois
Background: Many outbreaks due to Serratia marcescens among neonates have been described in the literature but little is known about the role of whole genome sequencing in outbreak analysis and management. Methods: Between February and March 2013, 2 neonates and 2 infants previously hospitalised in the neonatal unit of a tertiary care centre in Switzerland, were found to be colonised with S. marcescens. An investigation was launched with extensive environmental sampling and neonatal screening in four consecutive point prevalence surveys between April and May 2013...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237400/accuracy-of-acute-burns-diagnosis-made-using-smartphones-and-tablets-a-questionnaire-based-study-among-medical-experts
#12
Lisa Blom, Constance Boissin, Nikki Allorto, Lee Wallis, Marie Hasselberg, Lucie Laflamme
BACKGROUND: Remote assistance for burns by medical experts can support nurses and general physicians in emergency care with diagnostic and management advice. Previous studies indicate a high diagnostic accuracy based on images viewed on a computer screen, but whether image-based analysis by experts using handheld devices is accurate remains to be determined. METHOD: A review of patient data from eight emergency centres in the Western Cape, South Africa, revealed 10 typical cases of burns commonly seen in children and adults...
December 13, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237003/illumina-short-read-and-minion-long-read-wgs-to-characterize-the-molecular-epidemiology-of-an-ndm-1-serratia-marcescens-outbreak-in-romania
#13
H T T Phan, N Stoesser, I E Maciuca, F Toma, E Szekely, M Flonta, A T M Hubbard, L Pankhurst, T Do, T E A Peto, A S Walker, D W Crook, D Timofte
Background and Objectives: Serratia marcescens is an emerging nosocomial pathogen, and the carbapenemase blaNDM has been reported in several surveys in Romania. We aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology of S. marcescens in two Romanian hospitals over 2010-15, including a neonatal NDM-1 S. marcescens outbreak. Methods: Isolates were sequenced using Illumina technology together with carbapenem-non-susceptible NDM-1-positive and NDM-1-negative Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae to provide genomic context...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235986/managing-diabetes-in-people-with-dementia-a-realist-review
#14
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Chris Burton
BACKGROUND: Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions that coexist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia and diabetes may be at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemic episodes because they are less able to manage their diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key features or mechanisms of programmes that aim to improve the management of diabetes in people with dementia and to identify areas needing further research...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235386/how-is-palliative-care-understood-in-the-context-of-dementia-results-from-a-massive-open-online-course
#15
Fran McInerney, Kathleen Doherty, Aidan Bindoff, Andrew Robinson, James Vickers
BACKGROUND: A palliative approach to the care of people with dementia has been advocated, albeit from an emergent evidence base. The person-centred philosophy of palliative care resonates with the often lengthy trajectory and heavy symptom burden of this terminal condition. AIM: To explore participants' understanding of the concept of palliative care in the context of dementia. The participant population took an online course in dementia. DESIGN: The participant population took a massive open online course on 'Understanding Dementia' and posted answers to the question: 'palliative care means …' We extracted these postings and analysed them via the dual methods of topic modelling analysis and thematic analysis...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233139/demand-related-factors-influencing-caregivers-awareness-of-malaria-tests-and-health-workers-testing-practices-in-makarfi-nigeria
#16
Olufemi Ajumobi, Kabir Sabitu, IkeOluwapo Ajayi, Patrick Nguku, Joy Ufere, Peter Wasswa, Chinwoke Isiguzo, Jennifer Anyanti, Jenny Liu
BACKGROUND: Despite the World Health Organization's recommendation of malaria test-treat strategy, which is the treatment of parasitological confirmed malaria cases with anti-malarials, presumptive diagnosis of malaria remains fairly common in Nigeria. The reasons for this have not been established in Makarfi, Nigeria, despite the high burden of malaria in the area. A study was conducted among caregivers of febrile children less than 5 years presenting for treatment to understand their awareness of malaria diagnostic testing and being offered testing by clinicians, the determinants of these outcomes, and caregivers' perspectives of health workers' testing practices...
December 12, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228397/yeast-identification-by-sequencing-biochemical-kits-maldi-tof-ms-and-rep-pcr-dna-fingerprinting
#17
Ying Zhao, Chi-Ching Tsang, Meng Xiao, Jasper F W Chan, Susanna K P Lau, Fanrong Kong, Yingchun Xu, Patrick C Y Woo
No study has comprehensively evaluated the performance of 28S nrDNA and ITS sequencing, commercial biochemical test kits, MALDI-TOF MS platforms, and the emerging rep-PCR DNA fingerprinting technology using a cohort of yeast strains collected from a clinical microbiology laboratory. In this study, using 71 clinically important yeast isolates (excluding Candida albicans) collected from a single centre, we determined the concordance of 28S nrDNA and ITS sequencing and evaluated the performance of two commercial test kits, two MALDI-TOF MS platforms, and rep-PCR DNA fingerprinting...
December 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227841/becoming-enwinded-a-new-materialist-take-on-smoking-pleasure
#18
Simone Dennis
What might new materialist perspectives bring to our understanding of smoking pleasure? In this paper, I draw on this thinking to sketch out an alternative, non-unitary smoker who is at the mercy of the whims of the breeze - a yielding I will argue is key to smoking pleasure. With these intentions in mind, rather than thinking of what the biotechnology of cigarettes accomplishes in terms of the chemical delivery of pleasure, or adding to the multiply of social and cultural reasons anthropologists have tendered to account for it, I approach smoking pleasure in and through the medium of the smoky air...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227534/family-functioning-evaluated-by-family-members-of-older-patients-and-nurses-in-emergency-departments
#19
Jekaterina Demidenko, Pirkko Routasalo, Mika Helminen, Eija Paavilainen, Tarja Suominen
The functioning of families in emergency departments (EDs) encompasses the level at which the families of older patients perform as a whole during the ED stay. Currently, little is known about how the families of older patients function in EDs. In this study, family functioning included the subareas of family strengths, structural factors and relationships both inside and outside the family. The study aimed to describe family functioning in EDs as evaluated by both the family members (n = 111) of older patients and nurses (n = 93)...
December 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224708/the-effects-of-hearing-loss-on-person-centred-care-in-residential-aged-care-a-narrative-review
#20
Kristiana Ludlow, Virginia Mumford, Meredith Makeham, Jeffrey Braithwaite, David Greenfield
Person-centred care is achieved through strategies such as effective communication and shared decision-making. Hearing loss can lead to communication breakdown and social isolation in residential aged care. The review aimed to address how hearing loss affects person-centred care in residential aged care settings. Empirical literature was identified through a systematic search of academic databases. Articles were reviewed against an inclusion criteria and general inductive analysis was employed to identify recurring factors across included studies...
December 7, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
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