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fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing

Alfonso Fiorelli, Fausto Ferraro, Francesca Nagar, Pierluigi Fusco, Salvatore Mazzone, Giuseppe Costa, Davide Di Natale, Nicola Serra, Mario Santini
OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed the diagnostic accuracy of a new modified Evans blue dye test (MEBDT) as a screening test for aspiration in tracheostomized patients. DESIGN: Monocentric retrospective study performed between October 2013 and December 2015. SETTING: Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, Second University of Naples. PARTICIPANTS: Among 62 eligible patients, 5 were excluded. The authors' study population included 57 patients...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
A Baumann, P O Katz
Swallowing involves complex coordination of the neuromuscular anatomy and physiology of the oropharynx and esophagus, controlled by the enteric and central nervous systems. Dysphagia is classified as either oropharyngeal or esophageal and results from mechanical or structural disturbances. Videofluoroscopy, fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, barium swallow, manometry, and endoscopy are common modalities utilized in diagnosis, but none is as important as a patient's history. Functional dysphagia is a diagnosis of exclusion and is based on Rome criteria...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Jill M Merrow
The instinctual drive to gain nourishment can become complicated by structural differences, physiologic instability and environmental influences. Infants with craniofacial anomalies may experience significant feeding and swallowing difficulties related to the type and severity of the anomalies present as well as social-emotional interactions with caregivers. Typical outcome measures and feeding goals are discussed. Details regarding clinical and instrumental evaluation, including fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing and modified barium swallow study, as well as management techniques are reported...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Yuka Miura, Gojiro Nakagami, Koichi Yabunaka, Haruka Tohara, Koji Hara, Hiroshi Noguchi, Taketoshi Mori, Hiromi Sanada
AIMS: Prevention of aspiration pneumonia is a great concern in the era of global aging. The assessment of pharyngeal post-swallow residue is important because remaining food and liquid in the pharyngeal area has a possibility of flowing into the lower airway which can cause aspiration pneumonia. Ultrasound examination has been recently used to assess swallowing disorders because of its noninvasiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the performance for detecting pharyngeal post-swallow residue using an ultrasound examination by comparing with those using a fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of a swallowing study as a reference...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
Bruno Fattori, Gabriele Siciliano, Valentina Mancini, Luca Bastiani, Paolo Bongioanni, Elena Caldarazzo Ienco, Maria R Barillari, Salvatore O Romeo, Andrea Nacci
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between the disease severity of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and the following parameters of Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES): premature spillage, post-swallowing residue and aspiration. METHODS: We studied 202 patients (95 women and 107 men) with ALS; of these, 136 had spinal and 66 had bulbar onset. They were analyzed according to the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functioning Rating Scale (ALSFRS) and the b-ALSFRS subscale (bulbar scale)...
August 25, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
İlhan Topaloğlu, Muhlis Bal, Ziya Salturk, Güler Berkiten, Yavuz Atar
We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess vocal and swallowing functions after horizontal glottectomy. Our study population was made up of 22 men aged 45 to 72 years (mean: 58.3) who underwent horizontal glottectomy and completed at least 1 year of follow-up. To compare postoperative results, 20 similarly aged men were included as a control group; all glottectomy patients and all controls were smokers. We used three methods-acoustic and aerodynamic voice analyses, the GRBAS (grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenicity, and strain) scale, and the voice handicap index-30 (VHI-30)-to assess vocal function objectively, perceptually, and subjectively, respectively...
August 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
I Suttrup, J Suttrup, S Suntrup-Krueger, M-L Siemer, J Bauer, C Hamacher, S Oelenberg, D Domagk, R Dziewas, T Warnecke
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a clinically relevant symptom in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) leading to pronounced reduction in quality of life and other severe complications. Parkinson's disease-related dysphagia may affect the oral and pharyngeal, as well as the esophageal phase of swallowing. METHODS: To examine the nature and extend of esophageal dysphagia in different stages of PD and their relation to oropharyngeal dysfunction, we examined 65 PD patients (mean age 66...
July 31, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Georg Philipp Hammer, Peter Valentin Tomazic, Sarah Vasicek, Matthias Graupp, Markus Gugatschka, Anneliese Baumann, Peter Konstantiniuk, Stephan Herwig Koter
OBJECTIVE: Iatrogenic injury of the vagus nerve or its branches during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can result in globus sensation, dysphagia, and even vocal fold immobility. Knowledge of morphologic and functional laryngopharyngeal outcomes after CEA is poor. The present study was performed to determine potential iatrogenic damage to the laryngeal innervation after CEA. An area of particular interest was the supraglottic sensory threshold, which was examined by Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing With Sensory Testing (FEESST; Pentax Medical Company, Montvale, NJ), a validated and safe method for the determination of the motor and sensory components of swallowing...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Andrea Nacci, Jacopo Matteucci, Salvatore Osvaldo Romeo, Stefania Santopadre, Maria Denise Cavaliere, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Stefano Berrettini, Bruno Fattori
OBJECTIVE: To perform a retrospective evaluation of the incidence of complications and adverse events during fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) in 2,820 examinations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects included in- and outpatients at Pisa University Hospital referred for FEES by other physicians due to dysphagia symptoms. Neurologic diseases were the most commonly diagnosed conditions in the patients tested (48.3%). Informed consent was obtained from all subjects...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Andreas H Mueller, Rudolf Hagen, Gerhard Foerster, Wilma Grossmann, Katrin Baumbusch, Claus Pototschnig
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the performance and safety of the newly developed Laryngeal Pacemaker System (LP System) for the treatment of bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP). STUDY DESIGN: Feasibility, first-in-human, single-arm, open-label, prospective, multicenter study with a group sequential design and a 6-month follow-up period. METHODS: Nine symptomatic BVFP subjects were implanted unilaterally with the LP System. Pre- and 6-month postimplantation evaluations consisted of the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), the Peak Expiratory and Inspiratory Flow (PEF and PIF) evaluation, the PEF meter analysis, the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI), the 12-Item Voice Handicap Index (VHI-12), and the Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing...
August 2016: Laryngoscope
Steven B Leder, Debra M Suiter, George O Agogo, Leo M Cooney
United States census data project dramatic increases in the geriatric population ageing demographics by 2060 with concomitant health-care consequences. The purpose of this replication and continuation study was to collect new 2014 demographic data relative to ageing, swallow evaluation referral rates, and oral feeding status in geriatric-hospitalized patients for comparison with published data from 2000 to 2007. This was a planned data acquisition study of consecutive hospitalized patients referred for swallow assessments...
October 2016: Dysphagia
Sandra Mamolar Andrés, María Liliana Santamarina Rabanal, Carla María Granda Membiela, María José Fernández Gutiérrez, Paloma Sirgo Rodríguez, César Álvarez Marcos
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease is a type of chronic neurodegenerative pathology with a typical movement pattern, as well as different, less studied symptoms such as dysphagia. Disease-related disorders in efficacy or safety in the process of swallowing usually lead to malnutrition, dehydration or pneumonias. The aim of this study was identifying and analyzing swallowing disorders in Parkinson's disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The initial sample consisted of 52 subjects with Parkinson's disease to whom the specific test for dysphagia SDQ was applied...
June 3, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Prasad John Thottam, Matthew Georg, David Chi, Deepak K Mehta
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To examine the effect of and predict the success of type 1 laryngeal cleft (LC-1) augmentation through swallowing evaluations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart analysis. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with LC-1s underwent interarytenoid injection laryngoplasty (IL) and were examined. The median age at IL was 9 months. Swallowing evaluations were performed pre- and postoperatively using fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing or modified barium swallow...
May 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
Letizia Scarponi, Francesco Mozzanica, Valeria De Cristofaro, Daniela Ginocchio, Nicole Pizzorni, Alessandro Bottero, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in tube-fed patients with severe and chronic dysphagia refractory to traditional swallowing therapy (TT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 11 consecutive dysphagic patients with tube-dependent nutrition and who had not responded to 6 months of TT were enrolled. Each patient received NMES for 30 min and TT for 30 min, twice a day, 5 days per week for 4 weeks. In order to evaluate the swallowing impairment, each patient underwent a fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing immediately before the beginning of the treatment, after 2 weeks and after 4 weeks...
2015: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
S Ursino, V Seccia, P Cocuzza, P Ferrazza, T Briganti, F Matteucci, L Fatigante, P Giusti, M Grosso, L Locantore, R Morganti, A Nacci, S Sellari Franceschini, F Paiar, D Caramella, B Fattori
The objective of this study is to report the initial results of a prospective trial assessing instrumental deglutition function in nasopharynx and oropharynx cancers after radio or chemoradiotherapy using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). IMRT was delivered aiming to spare the swallowing organ at risk (SWOARs) for Stage II-IV naso- and oropharynx cancer. Objective instrumental assessment included videofluoroscopy (VFS), fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) and oro-pharyngeal-oesophageal scintigraphy (OPES) at baseline and at 1 month after radiotherapy...
June 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Stevie Marvin, Sara Gustafson, Susan Thibeault
The objective of this investigation was to determine if there were differences in identifying airway invasion (penetration or aspiration) during fiberoptic endoscopic evaluations of swallowing (FEES) for green-dyed versus non-dyed liquids. Forty adult inpatients in an acute care hospital underwent FEES, with both green-dyed liquids and naturally white liquids. Three speech-language pathologists rated aspiration and penetration for trials of nectar-thick milk and thin milk, both with and without green food dye...
August 2016: Dysphagia
Jessica M Pisegna, Susan E Langmore
The aim of this study was to compare selected parameters of two swallow evaluations: fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) and the modified barium swallow (MBS) study. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Fifty-five clinicians were asked to watch video recordings of swallow evaluations of 2 patients that were done using fluoroscopy and endoscopy simultaneously. In a randomized order, clinicians viewed 4 edited videos from simultaneous evaluations: the FEES and MBS videos of patient 1 and 2 each taking one swallow of 5 mL applesauce...
June 2016: Dysphagia
Rainer Wirth, Rainer Dziewas, Anne Marie Beck, Pere Clavé, Shaheen Hamdy, Hans Juergen Heppner, Susan Langmore, Andreas Herbert Leischker, Rosemary Martino, Petra Pluschinski, Alexander Rösler, Reza Shaker, Tobias Warnecke, Cornel Christian Sieber, Dorothee Volkert
Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a highly prevalent and growing condition in the older population. Although OD may cause very severe complications, it is often not detected, explored, and treated. Older patients are frequently unaware of their swallowing dysfunction which is one of the reasons why the consequences of OD, ie, aspiration, dehydration, and malnutrition, are regularly not attributed to dysphagia. Older patients are particularly vulnerable to dysphagia because multiple age-related changes increase the risk of dysphagia...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Stanley L Marks, Katie L Douthitt, Peter C Belafsky
OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility of flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) in awake dogs, determine whether specific variables associated with the oropharyngeal phase of swallowing can be recognized, and evaluate the safety and tolerability of FEES. ANIMALS: 6 healthy client-owned large- and giant-breed adult dogs. PROCEDURES: A topical anesthetic was applied to the nasal passage of each dog, and a fiberoptic endoscope was passed transnasally until the tip of the scope was positioned in the oropharynx...
March 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
S L Luo, W X Chen, J L Zhang, Z F Zhu, F Y He, S C Tang, J Q Yang, Y J Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the superiority of dynamic magnetic resonance imaging as an assessment method of pharyngeal constriction and cricopharyngeal muscle function, and introduce a new way to measure the pharyngeal constriction ratio, anteroposterior diameter of esophageal entrance and thickness of cricopharyngeal muscle in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Twenty volunteers who were assessed as normal by fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing and videofluoroscopic swallowing study were included in this study...
February 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
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