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postoperative AF

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039721/efficacy-of-whole-course-pain-intervention-on-health-related-quality-of-life-for-patients-after-esophagectomy
#1
Miao Zhang, Heng Wang, Xuefeng Pan, Wenbin Wu, Qi Zhang, Yun Liu, Hui Zhang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of whole-course pain intervention on health-related quality of life (QoL) for patients after esophagectomy. METHODS: A retrospecitve analysis was performed on 81 patients who were enrolled as conventional care group (control group with 40 cases) and whole-course pain intervention group (observation group with 41 cases) respectively af?ter Sweet, Ivor-Lewis and McKeown esophagectomy between January 2011 and December 2013...
November 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007717/perioperative-supplementation-of-polyunsaturated-omega-3-fatty-acid-for-the-prevention-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiothoracic-surgery
#2
Jacqueline D Joss, Jillian Hernan, Rachelle Collier, Andres Cardenas
PURPOSE: The effect of perioperative supplementation of polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid (PUFA) on the frequency of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients without a history of AF was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 561 patients were randomized to receive either 1 g of PUFA or placebo twice daily. Treatment was started up to five days before surgery or within 24 hours after surgery, depending on when consent was received. Treatment was continued until the patient's follow-up visit with the cardiologist up to four weeks after surgery...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003177/substitution-of-usual-perioperative-care-by-ehealth-to-enhance-postoperative-recovery-in-patients-undergoing-general-surgical-or-gynecological-procedures-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Eva van der Meij, Judith Af Huirne, Esther Va Bouwsma, Johanna M van Dongen, Caroline B Terwee, Peter M van de Ven, Chantal M den Bakker, Suzan van der Meij, W Marchien van Baal, Wouter Kg Leclercq, Peggy Maj Geomini, Esther Cj Consten, Steven E Schraffordt Koops, Paul Jm van Kesteren, Hein Bac Stockmann, A Dorien Ten Cate, Paul Hp Davids, Petrus C Scholten, Baukje van den Heuvel, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Wilhelmus Jhj Meijerink, H Jaap Bonjer, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Due to the strong reduction in the length of hospital stays in the last decade, the period of in-hospital postoperative care is limited. After discharge from the hospital, guidance and monitoring on recovery and resumption of (work) activities are usually not provided. As a consequence, return to normal activities and work after surgery is hampered, leading to a lower quality of life and higher costs due to productivity loss and increased health care consumption. OBJECTIVE: With this study we aim to evaluate whether an eHealth care program can improve perioperative health care in patients undergoing commonly applied abdominal surgical procedures, leading to accelerated recovery and to a reduction in costs in comparison to usual care...
December 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989044/treatment-of-mitral-valve-regurgitation-with-an-open-rigid-annuloplasty-ring
#4
Clement Venner, Olivier Huttin, Antonio Fiore, Cristina Sirbu, Jean-Pierre Villemot, Juan-Pablo Maureira
BACKGROUND: Annuloplasty constitutes a major operative step in the surgical treatment of degenerative mitral valve regurgitation (MR). The choice of ring structure to obtain an adequate remodeling of the mitral orifice and to respect the motion of the mitral apparatus remains the subject of debate. The study aim was to determine the clinical and echocardiographic outcome when using an open rigid ring to treat MR. METHODS: A total of 129 patients (94 men, 35 women; mean age 64...
May 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956113/efficacy-and-safety-of-vitamin-c-for-atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiac-surgery-a-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Xiaolan Hu, Linhui Yuan, Hongtao Wang, Chang Li, Junying Cai, Yanhui Hu, Changhua Ma
OBJECTIVES: Antioxidant supplement is an option in preventing postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery. However, the benefits and adverse effects of vitamin C have not been well assessed. We aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of vitamin C in preventing postoperative AF in adult patients after cardiac surgery. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library databases from inception to September 2016 were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the efficacy and safety of vitamin C in preventing postoperative AF in adult patients after cardiac surgery were identified...
January 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923804/associations-of-epicardial-abdominal-and-overall-adiposity-with-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Christopher X Wong, Michelle T Sun, Ayodele Odutayo, Connor A Emdin, Rajiv Mahajan, Dennis H Lau, Rajeev K Pathak, Dennis T Wong, Joseph B Selvanayagam, Prashanthan Sanders, Robert Clarke
BACKGROUND: Although adiposity is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF), the importance of epicardial fat compared with other adipose tissue depots remains uncertain. We sought to characterize and compare the associations of AF with epicardial fat and measures of abdominal and overall adiposity. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 63 observational studies including 352 275 individuals, comparing AF risk for 1-SD increases in epicardial fat, waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, and body mass index...
December 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923400/allele-specific-expression-in-the-human-heart-and-its-application-to-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-and-myocardial-ischemia
#7
Martin I Sigurdsson, Louis Saddic, Mahyar Heydarpour, Tzuu-Wang Chang, Prem Shekar, Sary Aranki, Gregory S Couper, Stanton K Shernan, Jon G Seidman, Simon C Body, Jochen D Muehlschlegel
BACKGROUND: Allele-specific expression (ASE) is differential expression of each of the two chromosomal alleles of an autosomal gene. We assessed ASE patterns in the human left atrium (LA, n = 62) and paired samples from the left ventricle (LV, n = 76) before and after ischemia, and tested the utility of differential ASE to identify genes associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation (poAF) and myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Following genotyping from whole blood and whole-genome sequencing of LA and LV samples, we called ASE using sequences overlapping heterozygous SNPs using rigorous quality control to minimize false ASE calling...
December 6, 2016: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919764/postoperative-atrial-tachycardias-after-mitral-valve-surgery-mechanisms-and-outcomes-of-catheter-ablation
#8
Andres Enriquez, Pasquale Santangeli, Erica Zado, Jackson Liang, Simon Castro, Fermin Garcia, Robert Schaller, Gregory Supple, David Frankel, David Callans, David Lin, Sanjay Dixit, Rajat Deo, Michael Riley, Francis Marchlinski
BACKGROUND: Atrial tachycardias (ATs) including atrial fibrillation are common arrhythmias occurring late after mitral valve (MV) surgery, and their management is challenging. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the electrophysiological mechanisms of ATs in patients with prior MV surgery and the long-term outcomes of catheter ablation. METHODS: We studied 67 consecutive patients (mean age 59.4 ± 10.6 years; 41 men) with prior MV surgery who presented with ATs postoperatively between 2007 and 2015...
December 3, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909513/assessment-of-sinoatrial-node-function-in-patients-with-persistent-and-long-standing-persistent-forms-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-maze-iii-procedure-combined-with-mitral-valve-operation
#9
Kulikov Aleksei A, Bokeria Leo A
RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: Assessment of sinoatrial node function after Maze III procedure combined with a mitral valve operation. METHODS: 100 patients were included in the research with persistent and long-standing persistent forms of atrial fibrillation (AF) and need of operative treatment concerning valve disease. The following preoperative preparation methods were executed to all patients: Electrocardiogram in 12 standard assignments;Two-dimensional echocardiographic with assessment of systolic and diastolic functions of the left ventricle, size of the left atrium and grade of valve disease;Transesophageal echocardiography for exclusion of blood clots in the left atrium and left atrial appendage;Coronary angiography for exclusion of coronary heart disease;Computer tomography for examination of cardiac chambers and anatomic characteristics of pulmonary veins...
June 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904574/comparison-of-early-period-results-of-blood-use-in-open-heart-surgery
#10
Serhat Huseyin, Volkan Yuksel, Orkut Guclu, Fatma Nesrin Turan, Suat Canbaz, Turan Ege, Hasan Sunar
BACKGROUND: Various adverse effects of homologous blood transfusion detected particularly in open heart surgery, in which it is frequently used, lead researchers to study on autologous blood use and to evaluate the patient's blood better. Due to the complications of homologous blood transfusion, development of techniques that utilize less transfusion has become inevitable. We aimed to evaluate the effects of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) in patients undergoing open heart surgery...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903589/impact-of-left-atrial-appendage-closure-during-cardiac-surgery-on-the-occurrence-of-early-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-stroke-and-mortality-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-10-633-patients
#11
Rowlens M Melduni, Hartzell V Schaff, Hon-Chi Lee, Bernard J Gersh, Peter A Noseworthy, Kent R Bailey, Naser M Ammash, Stephen S Cha, Kaniz Fatema, Waldemar E Wysokinski, James B Seward, Douglas L Packer, Charanjit S Rihal, Samuel J Asirvatham
BACKGROUND: -Prophylactic exclusion of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is often performed during cardiac surgery ostensibly to reduce the risk of stroke. However, the clinical impact of LAA closure in humans remains inconclusive. METHODS: -Out of 10,633 adults who underwent CABG and/or valve surgery between January 2000 and December 2005, 9,792 patients with complete baseline characteristics, surgery procedure and follow-up data were included in this analysis. A propensity-score matching analysis based on 28 pretreatment covariates was performed and 461 matching pairs were derived and analyzed to estimate the association of LAA closure with early postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) (AF ≤30 days of surgery), ischemic stroke and mortality...
November 30, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855287/the-burden-and-implications-of-preoperative-atrial-fibrillation-in-australian-heart-valve-surgery-patients
#12
E Anne Russell, Warren F Walsh, Lavinia Tran, Robert Tam, Christopher M Reid, Alex Brown, Jayme S Bennetts, Robert A Baker, Graeme P Maguire
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common preoperative arrhythmia in heart valve surgery patients and its prevalence is rising. This study aims to investigate the impact of AF on valve surgery early complications and survival and on valve disease of different aetiologies and populations with particular reference to Indigenous Australians with rheumatic heart disease (RHD). METHODS: The Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons Cardiac Surgery Database was analysed to determine the association between preoperative AF and valve surgery outcome...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852958/pentraxin-3-and-other-inflammatory-biomarkers-related-to-atrial-fibrillation-in-cardiac-surgery
#13
Zdenka Holubcova, Pavel Kunes, Jiri Mandak, Dana Vlaskova, Martina Kolackova, Drahomira Holmannova, Ctirad Andrys, Jan Krejsek, Tomas Holubec
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the association between perioperative inflammatory biomarkers and atrial fibrillation (AF) in cardiac surgical patients. METHODS: Forty-two patients undergoing cardiac surgery were divided into three groups according to the occurrence of AF: Group A (n = 22) - patients with no AF, Group B (n = 11) - patients with new onset AF postoperatively and Group C (n = 9) - patients with preoperative history of atrial fibrillation. The serum levels of PTX3, CRP, TLR2, IL-8, IL-18, sFas, MMP-7 and MMP-8 were measured at the following time points: before surgery, immediately and 6 h after surgery and on the 1(st), 3(rd) and 7(th) postoperative days (POD)...
November 15, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846465/perioperative-atrial-fibrillation-is-associated-with-increased-one-year-mortality-in-elderly-patients-after-repair-of-hip-fracture
#14
David Leibowitz, Chen Abitbol, Ronny Alcalai, Gurion Rivkin, Leonid Kandel
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture repair is commonly performed in elderly adults and is associated with high mortality. Limited data address the significance of perioperative atrial fibrillation (AF) and its subsequent treatment in emergent orthopedic surgery in the elderly. This study aimed to determine whether newly diagnosed AF among patients initially in sinus rhythm undergoing hip fracture repair is predictive of one-year mortality and whether medical therapy of AF attenuated this finding...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834411/randomized-two-year-clinical-evaluation-of-oxalic-acid-in-restorations-of-noncarious-cervical-lesions
#15
André Mattos Brito de Souza, Nadine Luísa Guimarães Albuquerque, Juliano Sartori Mendonça, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues, Sérgio Lima Santiago
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of oxalic acid in restorations of noncarious cervical lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty volunteers of both sexes between 24 and 55 years old, with at least two lesions that were restored with the techniques to be evaluated, were selected. Ninety teeth were randomly divided into two groups: group 1, two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive technique (control) and group 2, pretreatment with oxalic acid followed by the application of a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830337/the-impact-of-surgical-left-atrial-appendage-amputation-ligation-on-stroke-prevention-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#16
Daisuke Endo, Tomoko S Kato, Tai Iwamura, Atsumi Oishi, Yasutaka Yokoyama, Kenji Kuwaki, Hirotaka Inaba, Atsushi Amano
Stroke is a major adverse event in patients developing atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery. Surgical left atrial appendage amputation/ligation (LAA-A/L) during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) is routinely performed in our institution. We analyzed 578 consecutive patients (mean age 69 years, male 82%) undergoing OPCAB with or without concomitant LAA-A/L from 2011 to 2014 at our institution in a prospective observational manner. The safety and efficacy of the concomitant LAA-A/L on preventing early (<30 days) and overall postoperative stroke were examined...
November 9, 2016: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826338/is-syntax-score-predictive-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#17
Levent Cerit, Hamza Duygu, Kamil Gulsen, Hatice S Kemal, Barcın Ozcem, Ozlem Balcioglu, Aziz Gunsel, Ozgur Tosun, Volkan Emren
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship of synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) score and development of atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) has not been studied. Therefore, we assessed the relationship between the SYNTAX score and development of AF after CABG (POAF). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The medical records of consecutive patients, who underwent CABG surgery from January 2013 to September 2015, were retrospectively reviewed for the development of AF in the postoperative period...
November 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803991/outcomes-of-surgery-for-lung-cancer-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-as-a-preoperative-comorbidity-a-decade-of-experience-at-a-single-institution-in-japan
#18
Ryu Kanzaki, Toru Kimura, Tomohiro Kawamura, Soichiro Funaki, Yasushi Shintani, Masato Minami, Meinoshin Okumura
PURPOSE: To investigate the surgical outcomes of surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) as a preoperative comorbidity. METHODS: Among 805 patients who underwent surgery for NSCLC, 27 (3.4%) had a history of AF. We analyzed the perioperative and long-term outcomes of these 27 patients. RESULTS: Fourteen patients (52%) had chronic AF and 13 (48%) had paroxysmal AF; being high rates of a comorbid illness...
November 1, 2016: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803121/new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-after-anatomic-lung-resection-predictive-factors-treatment-and-follow-up-in-a-uk-thoracic-centre
#19
Megan Garner, Tom Routledge, Juliet E King, John E Pilling, Lukacs Veres, Karen Harrison-Phipps, Andrea Bille, Leanne Harling
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) increases morbidity, hospital stay and healthcare expenditure. This study aims to determine the perioperative factors correlating with POAF as well as to evaluate both treatment strategies and AF persistence beyond discharge. METHODS: The records of all patients undergoing anatomical lung resection over a 1-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with a history of arrhythmia were excluded. POAF was defined by clinical diagnosis and electrocardiography...
November 1, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665857/atrial-fibrillation-following-off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-incidence-and-risk-factors
#20
Łukasz Lewicki, Janusz Siebert, Jan Rogowski
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that occurs after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). New surgical techniques, particularly off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB), are thought to be less invasive and results in fewer complications, i.e. AF, but available data are inconsistent. The aim of this study is to present the incidence and risk factors of AF in patients operated on with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: We studied 1836 consecutive patients with stable coronary artery disease who were operated on with (CABG) or without (OPCAB) cardiopulmonary bypass...
September 26, 2016: Cardiology Journal
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