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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667507/effect-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-imt-on-aerobic-capacity-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-rate-of-perceived-exertion-in-paraplegics
#1
Sonali Soumyashree, Jaskirat Kaur
OBJECTIVES: The purpose is to study the effect of inspiratory muscle training on aerobic capacity, respiratory muscle strength and rate of perceived exertion in paraplegics. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Rehabilitation department in Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, New Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 30 paraplegics (T1-T12) were randomly allocated into two groups: inspiratory muscle training (IMT) group and control group...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664932/obesity-and-unhealthy-lifestyle-associated-with-poor-executive-function-among-malaysian-adolescents
#2
Joyce Ying Hui Tee, Wan Ying Gan, Kit-Aun Tan, Yit Siew Chin
The understanding on the roles of obesity and lifestyle behaviors in predicting executive function of adolescents has been limited. Low executive function proficiency may have adverse effects on adolescents' school academic performance. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationship between BMI-for-age and multiple lifestyle behaviors (operationalized as meal consumption, physical activity, and sleep quality) with executive function (operationalized as inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility) on a sample of Malaysian adolescents aged between 12 and 16 years (N = 513)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651953/comparison-between-supervised-and-partly-supervised-cardiac-rehabilitation-protocols-in-hypertensive-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Larissa Barreto Parreira, Priscila Valverde de Oliveira Vitorino, Paulo Cesar Brandao Veiga Jardim, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Watila de Moura Sousa, Alberto Fenrando Oliveira Justo, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is the main cause of cardiovascular diseases accounting for one third of global mortality. Physical exercise reduces the incidence and prevalence of HTN and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Exercises recommended for hypertensive patients include supervised cardiac rehabilitation, which occurs in rehabilitation centers, and partly supervised rehabilitation, with individual prescription of exercises conducted at patients' residences. OBJECTIVE: Compare clinical and functional parameters of hypertensive patients subjected to two cardiac rehabilitation protocols: supervised and partly supervised...
April 13, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649304/sedentary-behavior-associated-with-reduced-medial-temporal-lobe-thickness-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#4
Prabha Siddarth, Alison C Burggren, Harris A Eyre, Gary W Small, David A Merrill
Atrophy of the medial temporal lobe (MTL) occurs with aging, resulting in impaired episodic memory. Aerobic fitness is positively correlated with total hippocampal volume, a heavily studied memory-critical region within the MTL. However, research on associations between sedentary behavior and MTL subregion integrity is limited. Here we explore associations between thickness of the MTL and its subregions (namely CA1, CA23DG, fusiform gyrus, subiculum, parahippocampal, perirhinal and entorhinal cortex,), physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629563/changes-in-collegiate-ice-hockey-player-anthropometrics-and-aerobic-fitness-over-three-decades
#5
Ashley N Triplett, Amy C Ebbing, Matthew R Green, Christopher P Connolly, David P Carrier, James M Pivarnik
Over the past several decades, an increased emphasis on fitness training has emerged among collegiate ice hockey teams, with the objective to improve on-ice performance. However, it is unknown if this increase in training has translated over time to changes in anthropometric and fitness profiles of collegiate ice hockey players. The purposes of this study were to describe anthropometric (height, weight, BMI, %fat) and aerobic fitness (VO<sub>2peak</sub>) characteristics of collegiate ice hockey players over 36 years, and to evaluate whether these characteristics differ between player positions...
April 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629179/the-relationship-of-gross-upper-and-lower-limb-motor-competence-to-measures-of-health-and-fitness-in-adolescents-aged-13-14-years
#6
Benjamin David Weedon, Francesca Liu, Wala Mahmoud, Renske Metz, Kyle Beunder, Anne Delextrat, Martyn G Morris, Patrick Esser, Johnny Collett, Andy Meaney, Ken Howells, Helen Dawes
Introduction: Motor competence (MC) is an important factor in the development of health and fitness in adolescence. Aims: This cross-sectional study aims to explore the distribution of MC across school students aged 13-14 years old and the extent of the relationship of MC to measures of health and fitness across genders. Methods: A total of 718 participants were tested from three different schools in the UK, 311 girls and 407 boys (aged 13-14 years), pairwise deletion for correlation variables reduced this to 555 (245 girls, 310 boys)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623694/which-exercise-is-better-for-increasing-serum-testosterone-levels-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#7
Jeong Kyun Yeo, Seung Ik Cho, Sun Gu Park, Seok Jo, Jeong Ku Ha, Jeong Woo Lee, Sung Yong Cho, Min Gu Park
PURPOSE: We investigated the correlations of serum total testosterone (TT) levels with body composition and physical fitness parameters in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) to know the best exercise for testosterone deficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven ED patients underwent serum TT assessment as well as body composition and basic exercise testing. The bioelectrical impedance analysis was used to assess body composition. Seven types of basic exercise tests were used to determine physical fitness...
January 26, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618979/improvements-in-attention-and-cardiac-autonomic-modulation-after-a-2-weeks-sprint-interval-training-program-a-fidelity-approach
#8
Arilson F M de Sousa, André R Medeiros, Stefano Benitez-Flores, Sebastián Del Rosso, Matthew Stults-Kolehmainen, Daniel A Boullosa
This study aimed to: (1) investigate the influence of a 2-weeks sprint interval training (SIT) program on aerobic capacity, cardiac autonomic control, and components of attention in young healthy university students; and (2) to ascertain whether training fidelity would influence these adaptations. One hundred and nine participants were divided into an experimental (EG) and control (CG) groups. The EG performed a SIT program that consisted of 6 sessions of 4 × 30 s "all-out" efforts on a cycle ergometer, interspersed with active rests of 4 min...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618598/routine-assessment-and-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-healthcare-settings-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#9
REVIEW
Felipe Lobelo, Deborah Rohm Young, Robert Sallis, Michael D Garber, Sandra A Billinger, John Duperly, Adrian Hutber, Russell R Pate, Randal J Thomas, Michael E Widlansky, Michael V McConnell, Elizabeth A Joy
Physical inactivity is one of the most prevalent major health risk factors, with 8 in 10 US adults not meeting aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines, and is associated with a high burden of cardiovascular disease. Improving and maintaining recommended levels of physical activity leads to reductions in metabolic, hemodynamic, functional, body composition, and epigenetic risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases. Physical activity also has a significant role, in many cases comparable or superior to drug interventions, in the prevention and management of >40 conditions such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, depression, Alzheimer disease, and arthritis...
April 4, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608414/bigger-stronger-faster-fitter-the-differences-in-physical-qualities-of-school-and-academy-rugby-union-players
#10
Ben Jones, Dan Weaving, Jason Tee, Joshua Darrall-Jones, Jonathon Weakley, Padraic Phibbs, Dale Read, Gregory Roe, Sharief Hendricks, Kevin Till
Limited research has compared the physical qualities of adolescent rugby union (RU) players across differing playing standards. This study therefore compared the physical qualities of academy and school Under-18 RU players. One-hundred and eighty-four (professional regional academy, n = 55 school, n = 129) male RU players underwent a physical testing battery to quantify height, body mass, strength (bench press and pull-up), speed (10, 20 and 40 m), 10 m momentum (calculated; 10 m velocity * body mass) and a proxy measure of aerobic fitness (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1; IRTL1)...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608335/assessment-of-mitigation-methods-to-reduce-the-risk-of-hypoglycemia-for-announced-exercise-in-a-uni-hormonal-artificial-pancreas
#11
Arthur Bertachi, Aleix Beneyto, Charrise M Ramkissoon, Josep Vehí
BACKGROUND: Moderate physical activity improves overall health conditions in subjects with type 1 diabetes. However, insulin management during and after exercise is challenging due to the effects of exercise on glycemic control. Artificial pancreas (AP) systems aim to automatically control blood glucose levels, but exercise-induced hypoglycemia is a major challenge for these systems, especially in uni-hormonal configurations. The aim of this work was to evaluate the ability of several feed-forward (FF) actions to prevent exercise-induced hypoglycemia in a closed-loop setting...
April 2, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602107/efficient-elimination-of-sulfonamides-by-an-anaerobic-anoxic-oxic-membrane-bioreactor-process-performance-and-influence-of-redox-condition
#12
Wentao Zhao, Qian Sui, Xuebing Mei, Xueting Cheng
Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) were shown contradictory results for the removal of antibiotics, such as sulfonamides (SAs), from wastewater in different studies, which highlighted the necessity for comprehensive investigation on removal mechanisms of sulfonamides in well-controlled lab-scale MBRs. In the present study, the removal performance of nine SAs by a lab-scale anaerobic/anoxic/oxic-membrane bioreactor (A1 /A2 /O-MBR) was studied at environmental relevant concentrations. The results showed that all the SAs were efficiently eliminated (93...
March 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600726/aerobic-with-resistance-training-or-aerobic-training-alone-poststroke-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Susan Marzolini, Dina Brooks, Paul Oh, David Jagroop, Bradley J MacIntosh, Nicole D Anderson, David Alter, Dale Corbett
BACKGROUND: Stroke is associated with muscle atrophy and weakness, mobility deficits, and cardiorespiratory deconditioning. Aerobic and resistance training (AT and RT) each have the potential to improve deficits, yet there is limited evidence on the utility of combined training. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of AT+RT versus AT on physiological outcomes in chronic stroke with motor impairments. METHODS: Participants (n = 73) were randomized to 6 months of AT (5 d/wk) or AT+RT (3 and 2 d/wk, respectively)...
March 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599863/aerobic-fitness-of-starter-and-non-starter-soccer-players-in-the-champion-s-league
#14
Giorgos Paraskevas, Marios Hadjicharalambous
To identify individual response patterns in selected aerobic fitness variables of regular starters (ST; N = 7) and non-starters (Non-ST; N = 10), top level professional soccer players were tested for maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), velocity at 4 mM of lactate (V4), velocity at maximal oxygen uptake (νVO2max ) and oxygen pulse (O2 -pulse) in July and December following consecutive periods of fixture congestion. V4 was the only variable that increased significantly in December compared to July (15.1 ± 0.5 vs...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596648/quantification-of-an-exercise-rehabilitation-program-for-severely-burned-children-the-standard-of-care-at-shriners-hospitals-for-children%C3%A2-galveston
#15
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Victoria G Rontoyanni, Craig Porter, Shauna Glover, Oscar E Suman
Introduction: Currently, there are no clear guidelines for the implementation of rehabilitative exercise training (RET) in burned individuals. Therefore, we quantified the training logs for exercise intensity, frequency, and duration of 6 weeks of this program in order to develop a basic framework for outpatient RET in patients recovering from severe burns. Methods: Thirty-three children (11 female, [mean±SD] 12±3 years, 145±18 cm, 40±11 kg, 49±31 BMI percentile) with severe burns (49±15% total body surface area burned, with 35±22% third-degree burns) completed our 6-week resistance and aerobic exercise training program...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596612/burn-injury-may-have-age-dependent-effects-on-strength-and-aerobic-exercise-capacity-in-males
#16
Eric Rivas, Kevin Sanchez, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Ileana L Gutierrez, Joan Tran, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
Whether burn injury affects boys and men differently is currently unknown. To test the hypothesis that burned boys have lower exercise capacity and exercise training induced responses compared to burned men, forty young boys (12±4 years, 149±20 cm, 46±18 kg) were matched to 35 adult men (33±9 years, 174±10 cm, 84±16 kg) based on extent of burn injury (total body surface area burned, boys 46±14% vs. men 47±30, P=0.85) and length of hospital stay (boys 33±23 vs. men 41±32 days, P=0.23). Strength (peak torque) and cardiorespiratory fitness (peak VO2) were normalized to lean body mass for group comparisons...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596597/rehabilitation-exercise-increases-physical-activity-levels-in-severely-burned-children-while-improving-aerobic-exercise-capacity-and-strength
#17
Eric Rivas, Joan Tran, Ileana L Gutierrez, Martha Chapa, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
This study tested the hypothesis that participation in a rehabilitation exercise program after hospital discharge would increase the level of physical activity in burned children to that seen in free-living non-burned children. Thirty-one severely burned children (12±3 y, 144±18 cm, 42±17 kg, 48 ±12% total body surface area burns) were matched to 31 non-burned children (12±3 y, 147±17 cm, 45±15 kg) based on age and sex. Pedometers were used to track minutes and steps in burned children during their exercise rehabilitation and non-burned children under free-living conditions (healthy control)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594355/high-intensity-intermittent-5-10-15-running-reduces-body-fat-and-increases-lean-body-mass-bone-mineral-density-and-performance-in-untrained-subjects
#18
Tanja Ravnholt, Jonas Tybirk, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Jens Bangsbo
The present study examined the effect of intense intermittent running with 5 s sprints on body composition, fitness level, and performance in untrained subjects aged 36-53 years. For 7 weeks, the subjects carried out 3 days a week 5-10-15 training consisting of 3-9 blocks of 4 repetitions of 15, 10, and 5 s low-, moderate-, and high-speed running, respectively. Body fat mass was 4.3% lower (P < 0.01), and lean body mass and bone mineral density was 1.1 and 0.9% higher (P < 0.01), respectively, after compared to before the intervention period (INT)...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593524/the-association-of-aging-and-aerobic-fitness-with-memory
#19
Alexis M Bullock, Allison L Mizzi, Ana Kovacevic, Jennifer J Heisz
The present study examined the differential effects of aging and fitness on memory. Ninety-five young adults (YA) and 81 older adults (OA) performed the Mnemonic Similarity Task (MST) to assess high-interference memory and general recognition memory. Age-related differences in high-interference memory were observed across the lifespan, with performance progressively worsening from young to old. In contrast, age-related differences in general recognition memory were not observed until after 60 years of age. Furthermore, OA with higher aerobic fitness had better high-interference memory, suggesting that exercise may be an important lifestyle factor influencing this aspect of memory...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589408/high-intensity-interval-training-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
David Thivel, Julie Masurier, Georges Baquet, Brian W Timmons, Bruno Pereira, Serge Berthoin, Martine Duclos, Julien Aucouturier
INTRODUCTION: While High Intensity Interval Training is praised in many populations for its beneficial effects on body composition and cardiometabolic health, its use among obese youth remain uncertain. This study aimed at determining whether HIIT is effective to improve aerobic fitness and reduce cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight and obese youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic search was conducted and articles reporting studies that investigated the effects of HIIT in 6 to 18-year-old youth were eligible...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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