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ceftriaxone group A

Carlos Gustavo Trujillo, Mauricio Plata, Juan Ignacio Caicedo, Juan Guillermo Cataño Cataño, Angela Marcela Mariño Alvarez, Diana Castelblanco, Daniela Robledo
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of rectal swabs (RSs) on infectious complications (IC) following prostate biopsy (PB). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted including all patients subjected to PB between 2009 and 2013. Group B consisted of patients with a RS and group A of patients without. RS reported the presence of gram-positive or negative germs, sensitive or resistant to ciprofloxacin. Antimicrobial prophylaxis was adjusted to the result. Frequency of IC in each group was determined...
2016: Urologia Internationalis
Bruce McCollister, Cassandra V Kotter, Daniel N Frank, Taylor Washburn, Michael G Jobling
We report a case of ceftriaxone (CTX) treatment failure for bacteremia caused by Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium, due to the in vivo acquisition of a blaCTX-M-27-encoding IncFII group transmissible plasmid. The original β-lactamase-susceptible isolate ST882S was replaced by the resistant isolate ST931R during ceftriaxone treatment. After relapse, treatment was changed to ciprofloxacin and the patient recovered. Isolate ST931R could transfer resistance to E. coli at 37 °C. We used whole-genome sequencing of ST882S and ST931R, the E...
September 26, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Katsuki Yokoo, Kenji Yamawaki, Yutaka Yoshida, Shuji Yonezawa, Yoshinori Yamano, Masakatsu Tsuji, Toshihiko Hori, Rio Nakamura, Koji Ishikura
A series of novel 7β-[2-(2-aminothiazole-4-yl)-2-(Z)-(alkoxyimino)acetamido]-cephalosporins having pyridinium-linked acyl cyanamide at the C-3 position were prepared and their antibacterial activities and pharmacokinetics profiles were evaluated. Most of the compounds exhibited potent antibacterial activities against penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP) and β-lactamase non-producing penicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae (BLNAR). Introduction of a propenyl group between the cephalospoin core and the side chains at the C-3 position improved the pharmacokinetics profile...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
K Zycinska, M Chmielewska, B Lenartowicz, M Hadzik-Blaszczyk, M Cieplak, Z Kur, R Krupa, K A Wardyn
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is one of the most common gastrointestinal complication after antimicrobial treatment. It is estimated that CDI after pneumonia treatment is connected with a higher mortality than other causes of hospitalization. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between the kind of antibiotic used for pneumonia treatment and mortality from post-pneumonia CDI. We addressed the issue by examining retrospectively the records of 217 patients who met the diagnostic criteria of CDI...
September 13, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Seada Ali, Tsegaye Sewunet, Zewdineh Sahlemariam, Gebre Kibru
BACKGROUND: Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a bacterium responsible for one of the classic sexually transmitted infection (STI) gonorrhea. Antibiotic resistant strains are emerging at alarming rate. Multiple sexual partners, unsafe sex and substance use habits are the main host related risk factors for acquiring the infection. Thus, this study aimed at determining the magnitude, its determinants and antimicrobial resistance profile of N. gonorrhoeae in a place where there is risk related cultural practices and relatively high HIV prevalence...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Ursel Heudorf, Angelika Hausemann
BACKGROUND: Given the increase of antibiotic resistant bacteria the requirement for hospitals and ambulatory services to collect and analyze antibiotic consumption data was stipulated in the Protection against Infection Act (IfSG) in 2011. It is the duty of the public health offices to supervise the compliance with these specifications. Below, the antibiotic consumption data of all hospitals in Frankfurt am Main between 2012 and 2014 are reported and the supervisory activities presented...
October 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Thomas Feasson, Mathilde Debeaupte, Clément Bidet, Florence Ader, François Disant, Tristan Ferry, Christian Chidiac, Florent Valour
BACKGROUND: The experience of clinicians in charge of the in-hospital management of peritonsillar abscesses supports the association between severe forms and anti-inflammatory drug (AID) consumption. However, this observation is based on a limited number of clinical studies. Our objective was to assess the prevalence and impact of AID consumption in patients with peritonsillar abscesses. METHODS: All patients referred to the ear, nose and throat surgery department for a peritonsillar abscess were included in a retrospective cohort study (2012-2014)...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Nurcan Soysal, Patricia Mariani-Kurkdjian, Yasmine Smail, Sandrine Liguori, Malika Gouali, Estelle Loukiadis, Patrick Fach, Mathias Bruyand, Jorge Blanco, Philippe Bidet, Stéphane Bonacorsi
We describe the epidemiology, clinical features, and molecular characterization of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infections caused by the singular hybrid pathotype O80:H2, and we examine the influence of antibiotics on Shiga toxin production. In France, during 2005-2014, a total of 54 patients were infected with EHEC O80:H2; 91% had hemolytic uremic syndrome. Two patients had invasive infections, and 2 died. All strains carried stx2 (variants stx2a, 2c, or 2d); the rare intimin gene (eae-ξ); and at least 4 genes characteristic of pS88, a plasmid associated with extraintestinal virulence...
September 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Hiroya Miyamoto, Harumi Gomi, Haruhiko Ishioka, Taijiro Shirokawa
An 84-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with bloody sputum. He was found to have a right lower lobe wedge-shaped nodular lesion with chest X-ray and computed tomography of the chest. Ceftriaxone and minocycline were started empirically based on a working diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia. Streptococcus parasanguinis was isolated with sputum cultures obtained on three consecutive days and was identified based on its biochemical properties. S. parasanguinis is a member of the sanguinis group of viridans Streptococci...
May 2016: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
Jan M Bell, John D Turnidge, Geoffrey W Coombs, Denise A Daley, Thomas Gottlieb, Jenny Robson, Narelle George
The Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance performs regular period-prevalence studies to monitor changes in antimicrobial resistance in selected enteric Gram-negative pathogens. The 2014 survey was the second year to focus on blood stream infections. During 2014, 5,798 Enterobacteriaceae species isolates were tested using commercial automated methods (Vitek 2, BioMérieux; Phoenix, BD) and results were analysed using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) and European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) breakpoints (January 2015)...
2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
C Z Hua, H Yu, J Q Zhuang, X L Li, H M Xu, Q E Luo, H P Lu, H M Yu, Y Cao, Y P Chen, T Zhang, C M Jing, L Z Du, C Q Wang, Z L Lin, H Zhang, X J Chen, Z Y Hua
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of blood stream infection caused by Streptococcus agalactiae in children and the drug-resistance of the isolates. METHOD: All cases with Streptococcus agalactiae growth in blood or cerebrospinal fluid cultures from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2015 were enrolled by checking the laboratory information system (LIS) from 7 Class 3 Grade A hospitals (4 in Zhejiang, 2 in Shanghai and 1 in Chongqing). Clinical data were collected for analysis...
August 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Xu-Hui Zhu, Lei Tian, Zhong-Ju Cheng, Wei-Yong Liu, Song Li, Wei-Ting Yu, Wen-Qian Zhang, Xu Xiang, Zi-Yong Sun
BACKGROUND: Acute diarrhea remains the serious problem in developing countries, especially among children under 5 years of age. Currently, only two or three common diarrhea pathogens were screened at most hospitals in China. The aim of this study was to provide a wide variety of diarrhea pathogens and their antimicrobial resistance patterns in children under 5 years of age. METHODS: Totally 381 stool samples collected from Tongji Hospital between July 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015 were tested by culture and/or polymerase chain reaction for eight kinds of bacteria and five kinds of viruses...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Yuzhong Yan, Hua Hu, Tingyan Lu, Huiqing Fan, Yan Hu, Gang Li, Xianhua Zhang, Yi Shi, Rong Xia
We surveyed the group B Streptococcus (GBS) strains isolated from four teaching hospitals during 1-year period to investigate the current serotypes and antimicrobial resistance status of these strains. A total of 231 non-duplicate colonizing GBS isolates were collected from pregnant women. Antimicrobial susceptibility of these isolates was tested by the disk diffusion method. Serotype was performed by a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. Analysis of the resistance mechanisms was performed by PCR amplification and DNA sequencing...
September 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Geeta V Gole, Reena Set, Nishat Khan, Jayanthi Shastri
There has been an increasing awareness of the rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM), of which numerous species and phylogenetic groups are clearly established human pathogens. It is important to appropriately distinguish RGM from other mycobacteria, as first-line antituberculous drugs are ineffective for their treatment. Variability in susceptibility of RGM is seen in relation to species, different geographical areas, and time. Therefore, we conducted a study to speciate the isolates of RGM and perform antimicrobial susceptibility testing...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Karimeldin Ma Salih, Jalal Ali Bilal, Widad Eldouch, Ali Abdin
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is common presentation in the emergency room and is still a cause of morbidity and mortality. The rationale of this study was to test the trend of paediatricians to achieve rapid response facing severe pneumonia, the lack of agreed on plan for the management of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) and the few experiences regarding injectable form of β-lactam antimicrobial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective case control study, purposive randomized sampling, three patients were excluded since their information was incomplete, 132 patients were randomly divided into groups, one group named control group (penicillin according to the guidelines of WHO 2013), 33 patients; second group treated by β-lactam inhibitors (Augmentin IV) 50 patients; and third group treated by 3(rd) generation cephalosporin (ceftriaxone) 49 patients...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Francesco Drago, Giulia Ciccarese, Francesco Broccolo, Giulia Sartoris, Paola Stura, Susanna Esposito, Alfredo Rebora, Aurora Parodi
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an enhanced treatment regimen for syphilis with the addition of doxycycline and ceftriaxone to the conventional benzathine penicillin G (BPG) treatment. Sixty-nine syphilis patients were recruited and were randomly assigned to two groups: group 1 (38 patients) received standard therapy and group 2 (31 patients) received the enhanced therapy. All patients were followed-up for at least 12 months. Patients underwent physical examination and serology every 6 months as well as echocardiography and neurological examination every year...
June 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Abeba Mengist, Hemalatha Kannan, Alemseged Abdissa
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus, GBS) is the most frequent pathogen isolated from neonates with invasive bacterial disease and responsible for serious infections in newborns such as pneumonia, septicemia and meningitis. Infection is primarily acquired vertically from mothers colonized with GBS. However, the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of GBS among pregnant women in Ethiopia are less studied. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 126 pregnant women at 35-37 weeks of gestation attending the antenatal clinic at Jimma University Hospital...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Ming Li, Zhenzhen Li, Shu Wen, Yinhui Liu, Ying Wang, Li Tang
AIM: To investigate the effects of a defined bacterial consortium on trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis and intestinal dysbiosis in rats. MATERIALS & METHODS: Rats with TNBS-induced colitis were treated with ceftriaxone and/or a mixture of ten bacterial strains isolated from mouse feces for continuous 24 days. Macroscopic and histopathological parameters in colonic tissue were compared, as were myeloperoxidase enzyme activity and cytokine levels...
July 2016: Future Microbiology
A S Ouédraogo, C Zaré, I A Traoré, S Sanou, B G Sanon, B Ki, A Poda, T Kambou
The purpose of this study was to describe the microbiological characteristics of community-acquired peritonitis at the Souro Sanou teaching hospital of Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. This 10-month prospective study, from July 2012 through May 2013 included all cases of community-acquired peritonitis who underwent surgery at our hospital and had a pus sample taken at that time. Bacteriological analyses were performed according to the hospital laboratory's protocol. The study included 72 patients (45 men and 27 women with a sex-ratio of 1...
May 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
S A Zelenitsky, C Lawson, D Calic, R E Ariano, J A Roberts, J Lipman, G G Zhanel
OBJECTIVES: To use Monte Carlo simulation with an integrated pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model to evaluate guideline-recommended antimicrobial prophylaxis (AP) regimens with anaerobic coverage in abdominal surgery. METHODS: AP regimens were tested in simulated subjects undergoing elective abdominal surgery using relevant PK models and pathogen distributions in surgical site infections (SSIs). Predicted cumulative target attainment was the percentage of simulated subjects with free (unbound) antimicrobial plasma concentrations above the MICs for potential SSI pathogens...
October 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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