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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813342/recent-developments-in-team-resilience-research-in-elite-sport
#1
REVIEW
Paul Bc Morgan, David Fletcher, Mustafa Sarkar
In this paper we review recent developments in team resilience research in elite sport. Although resilience has become a popular and well-researched topic from an individual (psychological) perspective, less attention has been paid to whether this construct is conceptually and operationally robust at a group level. In this review, we provide an overview of definitional aspects of team resilience followed by an outline of research in the general psychology literature, and a discussion of the findings of the first two studies of team resilience in elite sport...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810971/effect-of-mixed-basic-military-training-on-the-physical-fitness-of-male-and-female-soldiers
#2
Paola S Wood, Catharina C Grant, Peet J du Toit, Lizelle Fletcher
INTRODUCTION: Mixed gender basic military training (BMT) is adopted to integrate the female South African soldier into the military. This study aimed to assess gender differences before, during (12 weeks), and after a 20-week mixed BMT course and determine if BMT significantly reduced these differences. METHODS: A total of 186 soldiers (114 male: mean age = 21.0 ± 1.1 year; 72 female: mean age = 20.5 ± 1.2 year) completed the BMT course and all anthropometric, physical fitness, explosive power, and hand grip strength measurements...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809185/a-quality-benefit-cost-and-financial-framework-for-health-information-technology-e-prescribing-a-delphi-study
#3
Paul R DeMuro, Joan Ash, Blackford Middleton, Justin Fletcher, Cecelia J Madison
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted about the quality, benefits, costs, and financial considerations associated with health information technology (HIT), particularly informatics technologies, such as e-prescribing, from the perspective of all its stakeholders. OBJECTIVES: This research effort sought to identify the stakeholders involved in e-prescribing and to identify and rank-order the positives and the negatives from the perspective of the stakeholders to create a framework to assist in the development of incentives and payment mechanisms which result in better managed care...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809120/structural-revision-of-the-hancock-alkaloid-galipeine
#4
Stephen G Davies, Ai M Fletcher, Ian T T Houlsby, Paul M Roberts, James E Thomson
The 1H and 13C NMR data of synthetic samples of (S)-N(1)-methyl-2-[2'-(3″-hydroxy-4″-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline, the originally proposed structure of the Hancock alkaloid (-)-galipeine, do not match those of the natural product. Herein, the preparation of the regioisomer (S)-N(1)-methyl-2-[2'-(3″-methoxy-4″-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline is reported, the 1H and 13C NMR data of which are in excellent agreement with those of (-)-galipeine. Comparison of specific rotation data enables assignment of the absolute (S)-configuration of the alkaloid and together, these data engender the structural revision of (-)-galipeine to (S)-N(1)-methyl-2-[2'-(3″-methoxy-4″-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806307/promoting-cardiovascular-health-worldwide-the-global-cardiovascular-nursing-leadership-forum
#5
Laura L Hayman, Kathy Berra, Barbara Fletcher, Nancy Houston Miller, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802519/espen-guidelines-on-nutritional-support-for-polymorbid-internal-medicine-patients
#6
Filomena Gomes, Philipp Schuetz, Lisa Bounoure, Peter Austin, María Ballesteros-Pomar, Tommy Cederholm, Jane Fletcher, Alessandro Laviano, Kristina Norman, Kalliopi-Anna Poulia, Paula Ravasco, Stephane M Schneider, Zeno Stanga, C Elizabeth Weekes, Stephan C Bischoff
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Polymorbidity (also known as multimorbidity) - defined as the co-occurrence of at least two chronic health conditions - is highly prevalent, particularly in the hospitalized population. Nonetheless, clinical guidelines largely address individual diseases and rarely account for polymorbidity. The aim of this project was to develop guidelines on nutritional support for polymorbid patients hospitalized in medical wards. METHODS: The methodology used for the development of the current project follows the standard operating procedures for ESPEN guidelines...
July 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802450/the-effect-of-motor-task-precision-on-pupil-diameter
#7
Kingsley Fletcher, Andrew Neal, Gillian Yeo
It is well established that an increase in cognitive task demands is associated with increased pupil diameter. However, the effect of increased motor task demands on pupil diameter is less clear. Previous research indicates that higher motor task complexity increases pupil diameter but suggests that higher motor task precision demands may decrease pupil diameter during task movement. The current study investigated the effect of increased motor task precision on pupil diameter using a Fitts' Law movement task to manipulate motor response precision...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802086/acute-kidney-injury-is-common-with-intravenous-abuse-of-extended-release-oral-oxymorphone-and-delayed-renal-recovery-rates-are-associated-with-increased-kdigo-staging
#8
Alex K Bonnecaze, Matthew Whitaker Wilson, Ajay Dharod, Alison Fletcher, P J Miller
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid abuse poses a serious problem in the United States, representing 615 per 100,000 deaths annually. Extended-release oxymorphone (Opana-ER) is an oral opioid pain medication that has recently been found to cause thrombotic microangiopathy when intravenously abused. In this retrospective study, prevalence and outcomes of AKI among patients intravenously abusing extended-release oral oxymorphone were analyzed. METHODS: A query of electronic medical records for "drug abuse" at an academic medical center during January 2012 to December 2015 was performed and yielded 2350 patients...
August 12, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797570/genetic-variants-related-to-longer-telomere-length-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#9
Mitchell J Machiela, Jonathan N Hofmann, Robert Carreras-Torres, Kevin M Brown, Mattias Johansson, Zhaoming Wang, Matthieu Foll, Peng Li, Nathaniel Rothman, Sharon A Savage, Valerie Gaborieau, James D McKay, Yuanqing Ye, Marc Henrion, Fiona Bruinsma, Susan Jordan, Gianluca Severi, Kristian Hveem, Lars J Vatten, Tony Fletcher, Kvetoslava Koppova, Susanna C Larsson, Alicja Wolk, Rosamonde E Banks, Peter J Selby, Douglas F Easton, Paul Pharoah, Gabriella Andreotti, Laura E Beane Freeman, Stella Koutros, Demetrius Albanes, Satu Mannisto, Stephanie Weinstein, Peter E Clark, Todd E Edwards, Loren Lipworth, Susan M Gapstur, Victoria L Stevens, Hallie Carol, Matthew L Freedman, Mark M Pomerantz, Eunyoung Cho, Peter Kraft, Mark A Preston, Kathryn M Wilson, J Michael Gaziano, Howard S Sesso, Amanda Black, Neal D Freedman, Wen-Yi Huang, John G Anema, Richard J Kahnoski, Brian R Lane, Sabrina L Noyes, David Petillo, Leandro M Colli, Joshua N Sampson, Celine Besse, Helene Blanche, Anne Boland, Laurie Burdette, Egor Prokhortchouk, Konstantin G Skryabin, Meredith Yeager, Mirjana Mijuskovic, Miodrag Ognjanovic, Lenka Foretova, Ivana Holcatova, Vladimir Janout, Dana Mates, Anush Mukeriya, Stefan Rascu, David Zaridze, Vladimir Bencko, Cezary Cybulski, Eleonora Fabianova, Viorel Jinga, Jolanta Lissowska, Jan Lubinski, Marie Navratilova, Peter Rudnai, Neonila Szeszenia-Dabrowska, Simone Benhamou, Geraldine Cancel-Tassin, Olivier Cussenot, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Federico Canzian, Eric J Duell, Börje Ljungberg, Raviprakash T Sitaram, Ulrike Peters, Emily White, Garnet L Anderson, Lisa Johnson, Juhua Luo, Julie Buring, I-Min Lee, Wong-Ho Chow, Lee E Moore, Christopher Wood, Timothy Eisen, James Larkin, Toni K Choueiri, G Mark Lathrop, Bin Tean Teh, Jean-Francois Deleuze, Xifeng Wu, Richard S Houlston, Paul Brennan, Stephen J Chanock, Ghislaine Scelo, Mark P Purdue
BACKGROUND: Relative telomere length in peripheral blood leukocytes has been evaluated as a potential biomarker for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk in several studies, with conflicting findings. OBJECTIVE: We performed an analysis of genetic variants associated with leukocyte telomere length to assess the relationship between telomere length and RCC risk using Mendelian randomization, an approach unaffected by biases from temporal variability and reverse causation that might have affected earlier investigations...
August 7, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796383/self-reported-transvaginal-ultrasound-visualization-of-normal-ovaries-in-postmenopausal-women-is-not-reliable-results-of-expert-review-of-archived-images-in-ukctocs
#10
Will Stott, Stuart Campbell, Angelo Franchini, Oleg Blyuss, Alexey Zaikin, Andy Ryan, Chris Jones, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Gwendolen Fletcher, Jatinderpal Kalsi, Steve Skates, Max Parmar, Nazar Amso, Ian Jacobs, Usha Menon
OBJECTIVE: In UKCTOCS self-reported visualization rates(srVR) at annual TVS scan was a key quality control(QC) metric. Our objective was to independently assess srVR using expert review and develop software capable of monitoring it. METHODS: Images from 1,000 examinations randomly selected from 68,951 archived annual TVS exams undertaken between 2008-2011 where the ovaries were reported as 'seen and normal' were reviewed by a single expert. Software was developed to identify exact images used to measure ovaries by measuring caliper dimensions and matching them to that recorded by the sonographer...
August 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794899/an-extended-model-for-culture-dependent-heterogenous-gene-expression-and-proliferation-dynamics-in-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#11
Simon Godwin, Daniel Ward, Elisa Pedone, Martin Homer, Alexander G Fletcher, Lucia Marucci
During development, pluripotency is a transient state describing a cell's ability to give rise to all three germ layers and germline. Recent studies have shown that, in vitro, pluripotency is highly dynamic: exogenous stimuli provided to cultures of mouse embryonic stem cells, isolated from pre-implantation blastocysts, significantly affect the spectrum of pluripotency. 2i/LIF, a recently defined serum-free medium, forces mouse embryonic stem cells into a ground-state of pluripotency, while serum/LIF cultures promote the co-existence of ground-like and primed-like mouse embryonic stem cell subpopulations...
2017: NPJ Systems Biology and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794268/force-induced-transcellular-tunnel-formation-in-endothelial-cells
#12
Win Pin Ng, Kevin D Webster, Caroline Stefani, Eva M Schmid, Emmanuel Lemichez, Patricia Bassereau, Daniel A Fletcher
The endothelium serves as a protective semipermeable barrier in blood vessels and lymphatic vessels. Leukocytes and pathogens can pass directly through the endothelium by opening holes in endothelial cells, known as transcellular tunnels, which are formed by contact and self-fusion of the apical and basal plasma membranes. Here we test the hypothesis that the actin cytoskeleton is the primary barrier to transcellular tunnel formation using a combination of atomic force microscopy and fluorescence microscopy of live cells...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793837/further-investigation-of-equine-fescue-oedema-induced-by-mediterranean-tall-fescue-lolium-arundinaceum-infected-with-selected-fungal-endophytes-epichlo%C3%A3-coenophiala
#13
S C Finch, J S Munday, B L Sutherland, J B Vlaming, L R Fletcher
AIMS: To determine if equine fescue oedema (EFO) induced by grazing Mediterranean-type tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum) infected with selected endophytes (Epichloë coenophiala) could be prevented by treatment with the corticosteroid, methylprednisolone, and anti-histamine cetirizine, and to determine concentrations of lolines, specifically N-acetyl norloline (NANL), in grasses grazed by horses that did and did not develop EFO. METHODS: Four horses were grazed on AR542-infected Mediterranean tall fescue pasture (from Day 0) for 7 days prior to being subjected to euthanasia...
August 9, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790186/beyond-icosahedral-symmetry-in-packings-of-proteins-in-spherical-shells
#14
Majid Mosayebi, Deborah K Shoemark, Jordan M Fletcher, Richard B Sessions, Noah Linden, Derek N Woolfson, Tanniemola B Liverpool
The formation of quasi-spherical cages from protein building blocks is a remarkable self-assembly process in many natural systems, where a small number of elementary building blocks are assembled to build a highly symmetric icosahedral cage. In turn, this has inspired synthetic biologists to design de novo protein cages. We use simple models, on multiple scales, to investigate the self-assembly of a spherical cage, focusing on the regularity of the packing of protein-like objects on the surface. Using building blocks, which are able to pack with icosahedral symmetry, we examine how stable these highly symmetric structures are to perturbations that may arise from the interplay between flexibility of the interacting blocks and entropic effects...
August 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790010/eye-protection-in-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care
#15
Hawa Keita, Jean-Michel Devys, Jacques Ripart, Marie Frost, Frédérique Boutin, Claude Guérin, Dominique Fletcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781051/an-exceptionally-preserved-three-dimensional-armored-dinosaur-reveals-insights-into-coloration-and-cretaceous-predator-prey-dynamics
#16
Caleb M Brown, Donald M Henderson, Jakob Vinther, Ian Fletcher, Ainara Sistiaga, Jorsua Herrera, Roger E Summons
Predator-prey dynamics are an important evolutionary driver of escalating predation mode and efficiency, and commensurate responses of prey [1-3]. Among these strategies, camouflage is important for visual concealment, with countershading the most universally observed [4-6]. Extant terrestrial herbivores free of significant predation pressure, due to large size or isolation, do not exhibit countershading. Modern predator-prey dynamics may not be directly applicable to those of the Mesozoic due to the dominance of very large, visually oriented theropod dinosaurs [7]...
July 31, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780560/interprofessional-online-learning-for-primary-healthcare-findings-from-a-scoping-review
#17
Scott Reeves, Simon Fletcher, Clodagh McLoughlin, Alastair Yim, Kunal D Patel
OBJECTIVES: This article presents the findings from a scoping review which explored the nature of interprofessional online learning in primary healthcare. The review was informed by the following questions: What is the nature of evidence on online postgraduate education for primary healthcare interprofessional teams? What learning approaches and study methods are used in this context? What is the range of reported outcomes for primary healthcare learners, their organisations and the care they deliver to patients/clients? SETTING: The review explored the global literature on interprofessional online learning in primary healthcare settings...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775138/fletcher-h-mcdowell-1923-2017
#18
Bruce T Volpe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767296/advance-care-planning-discussions-with-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-admitted-to-a-community-palliative-care-service-a-retrospective-case-note-audit
#19
Sophie Fletcher, Rachel Hughes, Sarah Pickstock, Kirsten Auret
PURPOSE: Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer are a cohort requiring specialized healthcare models to address unique cognitive and physical challenges. Advance care planning (ACP) discussions likely warrant age-appropriate adaptation, yet, there is little Australian research data available to inform best practice for this group. The goal of this work is to inform future models of ACP discussions for AYA. METHODS: Retrospective medical record audit of AYA patients and an adult comparison group, diagnosed with a malignancy and referred to a community hospice service, in Western Australia, in the period between January 1, 2012 and December 1, 2015...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765720/a-global-map-of-saltmarshes
#20
Chris J Mcowen, Lauren V Weatherdon, Jan-Willem Van Bochove, Emma Sullivan, Simon Blyth, Christoph Zockler, Damon Stanwell-Smith, Naomi Kingston, Corinne S Martin, Mark Spalding, Steven Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Saltmarshes are extremely valuable but often overlooked ecosystems, contributing to livelihoods locally and globally through the associated ecosystem services they provide, including fish production, carbon storage and coastal protection. Despite their importance, knowledge of the current spatial distribution (occurrence and extent) of saltmarshes is incomplete. In light of increasing anthropogenic and environmental pressures on coastal ecosystems, global data on the occurrence and extent of saltmarshes are needed to draw attention to these critical ecosystems and to the benefits they generate for people...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
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