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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238597/effects-of-nine-weeks-isokinetic-training-on-power-golf-kinematics-and-driver-performance-in-pre-elite-golfers
#1
James Parker, Charlie Lagerhem, John Hellström, M Charlotte Olsson
Background: It has previously been shown that isotonic strength training can improve driver performance among golfers, though few studies have investigated effects of strength training on swing kinematics together with driver performance. In this study we investigated whether isokinetic rotational training could improve driver performance and swing kinematic variables amongst elite golfers. Methods: Twenty competitive pre-elite golfers (handicap better than -3.0), 13 men and 7 women, were split into two groups, one group received the isokinetic power training (IK) alongside their normal isotonic pre-season strength-training and the other group continued with their normal isotonic pre-season strength-training regime (IT)...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170697/effects-of-flexibility-and-balance-on-driving-distance-and-club-head-speed-in-collegiate-golfers
#2
Kelsey J Marshall, Tamra L Llewellyn
Good balance, flexibility, and strength are all required to maintain a steady stance during the kinematic chain to produce successful golf shots. When the body can produce more power, more club head speed is generated. This formation of power translates into greater distance and accuracy. Athletes today are seeking exercise programs to enhance these qualities of their golf swing. The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlations between flexibility and balance with club head speed and driving distance in the golf swing of male and female collegiate golfers...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822263/the-most-important-factor-in-producing-clubhead-speed-in-golf
#3
Christopher Joyce
Substantial experiential research into x-factor, and to a lesser extent crunch-factor has been undertaken with the aim of increasing clubhead speed. However, a direct comparison of the golf swing kinematics associated with each 'factor' has not, and possible differences when using a driver compared to an iron. Fifteen low handicap male golfers who displayed a modern swing had their golf swing kinematic data measured when hitting their own driver and five-iron, using a 10-camera motion analysis system operating at 250Hz...
October 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819996/commercial-golf-glove-effects-on-golf-performance-and-forearm-muscle-activity
#4
Graeme G Sorbie, Paul Darroch, Fergal M Grace, Yaodong Gu, Julien S Baker, Ukadike C Ugbolue
The study aimed to determine whether or not commercial golf gloves influence performance variables and forearm muscle activity during golf play. Fifteen golfers participated in the laboratory based study, each performing 8 golf swings with a Driver and 7-iron whilst wearing a glove and 8 without wearing the glove. Club head speed, ball speed and absolute carry distance performance variables were calculated. Surface electromyography was recorded from the flexor digitorum superficialis and extensor carpi radialis brevis on both forearm muscles...
August 18, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594287/electromyographic-analyses-of-the-erector-spinae-muscles-during-golf-swings-using-four-different-clubs
#5
Graeme G Sorbie, Fergal M Grace, Yaodong Gu, Julien S Baker, Ukadike C Ugbolue
The purpose of this study was to compare the electromyography (EMG) patterns of the thoracic and lumbar regions of the erector spinae (ES) muscle during the golf swing whilst using four different golf clubs. Fifteen right-handed male golfers performed a total of twenty swings in random order using the driver, 4-iron, 7-iron and pitching-wedge. Surface EMG was recorded from the lead and trail sides of the thoracic and lumbar regions of the ES muscle (T8, L1 and L5 lateral to the spinous-process). Three-dimensional high-speed video analysis was used to identify the backswing, forward swing, acceleration, early and late follow-through phases of the golf swing...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430147/suitability-of-strain-gage-sensors-for-integration-into-smart-sport-equipment-a-golf-club-example
#6
Anton Umek, Yuan Zhang, Sašo Tomažič, Anton Kos
Wearable devices and smart sport equipment are being increasingly used in amateur and professional sports. Smart sport equipment employs various sensors for detecting its state and actions. The correct choice of the most appropriate sensor(s) is of paramount importance for efficient and successful operation of sport equipment. When integrated into the sport equipment, ideal sensors are unobstructive, and do not change the functionality of the equipment. The article focuses on experiments for identification and selection of sensors that are suitable for the integration into a golf club with the final goal of their use in real time biofeedback applications...
April 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290751/comparison-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-erector-spinae-muscle-activation-before-and-after-a-golf-practice-session
#7
Graeme G Sorbie, Fergal M Grace, Yaodong Gu, Julien S Baker, Ukadike C Ugbolue
Lower back pain is commonly associated with golfers. The study aimed: to determine whether thoracic- and lumbar-erector-spinae muscle display signs of muscular fatigue after completing a golf practice session, and to examine the effect of the completed practice session on club head speed, ball speed and absolute carry distance performance variables. Fourteen right-handed male golfers participated in the laboratory-based-study. Surface electromyography (EMG) data was collected from the lead and trail sides of the thoracic- and lumbar-erector-spinae muscle...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689565/comparison-of-knee-characteristics-between-professional-and-amateur-golfers-during-the-downswing
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Tae-Gyu Kim, Wi-Young So
Evaluating the biomechanical and performance factors of the knee joint during golf swing can provide objective and quantitative information about improving the performance and development of efficient physical training, as the legs are important for achieving an efficient swing and maximum speed of the club head in golf. In the present study, kinematic movements of the knee joint were identified during the downswing by using 3-dimensional motion analysis, and isokinetic strength was measured with driver and 5-iron clubs in 15 professional (PRO) golfers and 10 amateur (AMA) golfers...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579803/the-short-term-effects-of-trigger-point-therapy-stretching-and-medicine-ball-exercises-on-accuracy-and-back-swing-hip-turn-in-elite-male-golfers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Samantha-Lynn Quinn, Benita Olivier, Wendy-Ann Wood
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the effect of myofascial trigger point therapy (MTPT) and stretching, MTPT and medicine ball exercises, and no intervention, on hip flexor length (HFL), golf swing biomechanics and performance in elite, male golfers. DESIGN: Single blind, randomised controlled trial with two experimental groups (stretch group: MTPT and stretching; and the ball group: MTPT, a single stretch and medicine ball exercises) and one control group (no intervention)...
November 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267082/an-electromyographic-study-of-the-effect-of-hand-grip-sizes-on-forearm-muscle-activity-and-golf-performance
#10
Graeme G Sorbie, Henry H Hunter, Fergal M Grace, Yaodong Gu, Julien S Baker, Ukadike Chris Ugbolue
The study describes the differences in surface electromyography (EMG) activity of two forearm muscles in the lead and trail arm at specific phases of the golf swing using a 7-iron with three different grip sizes among amateur and professional golfers. Fifteen right-handed male golfers performed five golf swings using golf clubs with three different grip sizes. Surface EMG was used to measure muscle activity of the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) and flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) on both forearms...
July 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26849785/determinants-of-club-head-speed-in-pga-professional-golfers
#11
Adam L Lewis, Nick Ward, Chris Bishop, Sean Maloney, Anthony N Turner
Turner, AN. Determinants of club head speed in PGA professional golfers. J Strength Cond Res 30(8): 2266-2270, 2016-Club head speed (CHS) has been significantly correlated with golf performance, but only in amateurs. The purpose of this study therefore, was to investigate the relationship between field-based measures of strength and power with CHS in Professional Golfers Association (PGA) professional golfers, and further determine differences between age groups. A correlation design was used to test relationships between squat jump (SJ), seated medicine ball throw (SMBT), rotational medicine ball throw (RMBT), and CHS...
August 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26197882/electromyographic-analysis-of-lower-limb-muscles-during-the-golf-swing-performed-with-three-different-clubs
#12
Sérgio Marta, Luís Silva, João Rocha Vaz, Maria António Castro, Gustavo Reinaldo, Pedro Pezarat-Correia
The aim of this study was to describe and compare the EMG patterns of select lower limb muscles throughout the golf swing, performed with three different clubs, in non-elite middle-aged players. Fourteen golfers performed eight swings each using, in random order, a pitching wedge, 7-iron and 4-iron. Surface electromyography (EMG) was recorded bilaterally from lower limb muscles: tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, gastrocnemius medialis, gastrocnemius lateralis, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, gluteus maximus, vastus medialis, rectus femoris and vastus lateralis...
2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26082747/the-effect-of-oral-motor-activity-on-the-athletic-performance-of-professional-golfers
#13
Steffen Ringhof, Daniel Hellmann, Florian Meier, Eike Etz, Hans J Schindler, Thorsten Stein
Human motor control is based on complex sensorimotor processes. Recent research has shown that neuromuscular activity of the craniomandibular system (CMS) might affect human motor control. In particular, improvements in postural stability and muscle strength have been observed as a result of voluntary jaw clenching. Potential benefits of jaw aligning appliances on muscle strength and golf performance have also been described. These reports are highly contradictory, however, and the oral motor task performed is often unclear...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25995553/effects-of-special-composite-stretching-on-the-swing-of-amateur-golf-players
#14
Joong-Chul Lee, Sung-Wan Lee, Yun-Ghi Yeo, Gi Duck Park
[Purpose] The study investigated stretching for safer a golf swing compared to present stretching methods for proper swings in order to examine the effects of stretching exercises on golf swings. [Subjects] The subjects were 20 amateur golf club members who were divided into two groups: an experimental group which performed stretching, and a control group which did not. The subjects had no bone deformity, muscle weakness, muscle soreness, or neurological problems. [Methods] A swing analyzer and a ROM measuring instrument were used as the measuring tools...
April 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25426463/frequency-effect-of-playing-screen-golf-on-body-composition-and-golf-performance-in-middle-aged-men
#15
Jung-Hoon Jang, Yong-Seok Jee, Hye-Won Oh
There are many studies showing that physical training improves body composition including bone mineral density (BMD) in almost all subjects. However, the frequency-dependent effect of playing golf on body composition is still not clearly comprehended. Moreover, the effect of screen golf in relations with exercise-frequency on body composition and golf performance has not been documented. Forty year old men participated and were classified into 4 groups: Control group (n= 10), BMD1 group (n= 10) played screen golf less than 1 day per a week, BMD2-3 group (n= 10) played screen golf 2-3 days per a week, and BMD5 group (n= 10) played screen golf 5 days per week...
October 2014: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24570019/golf-hand-prosthesis-performance-of-transradial-amputees
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Stephanie L Carey, Matthew M Wernke, Derek J Lura, Jason T Kahle, Rajiv V Dubey, M Jason Highsmith
BACKGROUND: Typical upper limb prostheses may limit sports participation; therefore, specialized terminal devices are often needed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of transradial amputees to play golf using a specialized terminal device. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: Club head speed, X-factor, and elbow motion of two individuals with transradial amputations using an Eagle Golf terminal device were compared to a non-amputee during a golf swing...
June 2015: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24448845/real-ear-acoustical-characteristics-of-impulse-sound-generated-by-golf-drivers-and-the-estimated-risk-to-hearing-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Fei Zhao, Barry Bardsley
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated real-ear acoustical characteristics in terms of the sound pressure levels (SPLs) and frequency responses in situ generated from golf club drivers at impact with a golf ball. The risk of hearing loss caused by hitting a basket of golf balls using various drivers was then estimated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The three driver clubs were chosen on the basis of reflection of the commonality and modern technology of the clubs...
2014: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24280087/distance-and-slope-constraints-adaptation-and-variability-in-golf-putting
#18
Gonçalo Dias, Micael S Couceiro, João Barreiros, Filipe M Clemente, Rui Mendes, Fernando M Martins
The main objective of this study is to understand the adaptation to external constraints and the effects of variability in a golf putting task. We describe the adaptation of relevant variables of golf putting to the distance to the hole and to the addition of a slope. The sample consisted of 10 adult male (33.80 ± 11.89 years), volunteers, right handed and highly skilled golfers with an average handicap of 10.82. Each player performed 30 putts at distances of 2, 3 and 4 meters (90 trials in Condition 1). The participants also performed 90 trials, at the same distances, with a constraint imposed by a slope (Condition 2)...
July 2014: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24149767/the-effects-of-corepower-machine-training-versus-home-based-core-training-on-golfers-physical-fitness-and-sport-performance
#19
Henriëtte V Loock, Jeanne M Grace, Stuart J Semple
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 36 session COREPOWER machine training intervention and those of a 36 session home-based core training intervention programme on golfers' physical fitness and sport specific performance. It was hypothesised that both modalities will improve on golf related fitness aspects. Subjects comprised of experienced golfers and were randomly divided into a machine group (M: n = 51) and a home group (H: n = 50). The following variables were measured both pre- and post-intervention: lower back flexibility (sit & reach), muscle endurance (sit-ups and push-ups), muscle strength (wall-squats and back dynamometer), cardio-respiratory fitness (3 minute step-test), balance (Biodex Balance System), club head speed and carry distance (Flightscope)...
October 21, 2013: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24149290/muscle-strength-and-golf-performance-a-critical-review
#20
Lorena Torres-Ronda, Luis Sánchez-Medina, Juan J González-Badillo
Golf has become an increasingly popular sport and a growing body of research trying to identify its main physical requirements is being published. The aim of this review was twofold: first, to examine the existing scientific literature regarding strength training and golf in healthy, non-injured, subjects; and second, to reach conclusions that could provide information on how to design more effective strength training programs to improve golf performance as well as directions for future research. Studies which analyzed the relationship between muscle strength, swing performance variables (club head speed, driving distance, ball speed) and skill (handicap, score) were reviewed...
2011: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
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