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Huan Gao, Yue Zhang, Lei Dong, Xiao-Yu Qu, Li-Na Tao, Yue-Ming Zhang, Jing-Hui Zhai, Yan-Qing Song
To investigate the effects of triptolide (TPI) on proliferation, autophagy and death in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells, and to elucidate the associated molecular mechanisms, intracellular alterations were analyzed using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry assays. The results of the MTT assay revealed that TPI significantly reduced the MCF-7 cell survival rate when the concentration was >10 nmol/l. TPI activated a caspase cascade reaction by regulating Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), caspase-3 and B-cell lymphoma 2 expression, and promoted programmed cell death via the mitochondrial pathway...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Yan-Ling Yin, Hui-Jun Zhang, Ya-Jie Yuan, Huan Tang, Dan Chen, Sha Jing, Hao-Xian Wu, Sha-Sha Wang, Guang-Hui Zhao
Giardia duodenalis (syn. Giardia lamblia, Giardia intestinalis) is an important zoonotic parasite that parasitizes the gastro-intestines of humans and animals, with diarrhea as the most common clinical symptom. The goat has been indicated as one of the most important reservoirs of G. duodenalis for humans. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence and genetic diversity of G. duodenalis in goats in Shaanxi province, northwestern China. A total of 1311 faecal specimens were examined, and the overall prevalence was 7...
March 12, 2018: Acta Tropica
Lucie Angel, Badiâa Bouazzaoui, Michel Isingrini, Séverine Fay, Laurence Taconnat, Sandrine Vanneste, Moïse Ledoux, Valérie Gissot, Caroline Hommet, Fréderic Andersson, Laurent Barantin, Jean-Philippe Cottier, Jérémy Pasco, Thomas Desmidt, Frédéric Patat, Vincent Camus, Jean-Pierre Remenieras
Aging is characterized by a cognitive decline of fluid abilities and is also associated with electrophysiological changes. The vascular hypothesis proposes that brain is sensitive to vascular dysfunction which may accelerate age-related brain modifications and thus explain age-related neurocognitive decline. To test this hypothesis, cognitive performance was measured in 39 healthy participants from 20 to 80 years, using tests assessing inhibition, fluid intelligence, attention and crystallized abilities. Brain functioning associated with attentional abilities was assessed by measuring the P3b ERP component elicited through an auditory oddball paradigm...
March 12, 2018: Brain and Cognition
Raziyeh Kasaei, David Carmena, Ali Jelowdar, Molouk Beiromvand
Giardia duodenalis is an intestinal flagellated protozoan that infects humans and several animal species. Giardiasis causing more than 200 million symptomatic infections globally is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in developing countries. Based on molecular studies mainly targeting the small-subunit (SSU) rRNA gene locus of the parasite, eight assemblages (A to H) have been identified in humans and other animal species. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the frequency and molecular diversity of G...
March 14, 2018: Parasitology Research
Volker Kaechele, Jürgen Hess, Wolfgang Schneider-Kappus
Trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) significantly improves overall survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The most common treatment-related event (grade ≥3) was hematological toxicity. We here report long-term disease-stabilizing FTD/TPI treatment of an mCRC patient (KRAS wild-type, ECOG performance status 1 at baseline and at the end of FTD/TPI therapy) with multifocal synchronous metastases and a longstanding history of extensive hematological events during previous treatments. Finally, this 62-year-old male patient was treated for 10 months with FTD/TPI by consecutive alteration of treatment parameters: (i) initial daily dose reduction to 80 mg (72% of the recommended dose), (ii) 20 days dose delay, (iii) a second and later third dose reduction to 70 mg and 60 mg (about 64% and 55%, respectively, of the recommended dose), and (iv) 30 µg per day of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administration first for 3 days, and later for 5 days, for each treatment cycle...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Baptiste Maille, Moloy Das, Ahmed Hussein, Matthew Shaw, Vivek Chaturvedi, Maureen Morgan, Christina Ronayne, Richard L Snowdon, Dhiraj Gupta
INTRODUCTION: The ConfiDENSE™ module (Carto3 v4) allows rapid annotation of endocardial electrograms acquired by multi-electrode (ME) mapping. However, its accuracy in assessing atrial voltages is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two ConfiDENSE™ left atrial voltage maps were created during continuous pacing in 20 patients undergoing catheter ablation for persistent AF using a ME lasso catheter and a Contact Force (CF) sensing ablation catheter. The automated Tissue Proximity indicator (TPI) filter was then applied to the ME map to yield a TPI map...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Norhidayu Sahimin, Benacer Douadi, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Jerzy M Behnke, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
The influx of low skilled workers from socioeconomically deprived neighbouring countries to Malaysia has raised concerns about the transmission of communicable gastrointestinal diseases such as giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis to the local population. Therefore, a cross sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of both diseases and the genetic diversity of these pathogens in the migrant population. Microscopic examination of faecal samples from 388 migrant workers involved in five working sectors were screened and 10...
March 1, 2018: Acta Tropica
Ana Batista, Hans Georg Breunig, Aisada König, Andreas Schindele, Tobias Hager, Berthold Seitz, Karsten König
The diagnosis of corneal diseases may be improved by monitoring the metabolism of cells and the structural organization of the stroma using two-photon imaging (TPI). We used TPI to assess the differences between nonpathological (NP) human corneas and corneas diagnosed with either keratoconus, Acanthamoeba keratitis, or stromal corneal scars. Images were acquired using a custom-built five-dimensional laser-scanning microscope with a broadband sub-15 femtosecond near-infrared pulsed excitation laser and a 16-channel photomultiplier tube detector in combination with a time-correlated single photon counting module...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Taisuke Baba, Toshio Kokuryo, Junpei Yamaguchi, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Keisuke Uehara, Tomoki Ebata, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND/AIM: Trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) is used for metastatic colorectal cancer, that is refractory to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based therapies. However, the impact of pre-exposure to 5-FU on the anti-cancer effect of FTD, which is a key component of FTD/TPI, is unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The incorporation into DNA and anti-cancer activity of FTD were analyzed in several cancer cell lines under response to FTD treatment with or without 5-FU pre-exposure...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Shen Shuang, Yin Xu-Ren, Song Li-Jun, Wang Jie, Ke Xue-Dan, Zhou Wei, Yu Chuan-Xin
OBJECTIVE: To study the prokaryotic expression and immune protection of triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) of Toxoplasma gondii in mice. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from toxoplasma tachyzoites, and TPI fragment was amplified by PCR and cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pET-28a (+). The target protein was induced with IPTG and purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. The mice were immunized 4 times by emulsified TPI with adjuvant, and the last time was the strengthen immunization...
December 12, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Lei Lei, Xia Zhi-Gui, Li Zhi-Hong, Xia Shang, Gong Yan-Feng, Xiao Ning
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of secondary transmission induced by imported malaria in Jiangxi Province, so as to provide the evidence for adjustment of malaria surveillance strategies in the key groups and areas. METHODS: The Delphi method was used to establish the secondary transmission risk indicator system and the weight of each index was obtained. The data of malaria prevalence, vector distribution and intervention capacity were collected in 100 counties of Jiangxi Province from 2012 to 2015...
March 21, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Richard W Smith, Richard D Moccia, Colin B Seymour, Carmel E Mothersill
Exposure to a single 0.5 Gy X-ray dose of eggs at 48 h after fertilisation (48 h egg), eyed eggs, yolk sac larvae (YSL) and first feeders induces a legacy effect in adult rainbow trout. This includes the transmission of a bystander effect to non-irradiated adult trout which had swam with the irradiated fish. The aim of this study was to investigate this legacy by analysing the gill proteome of these irradiated and bystander fish. Irradiation at all of the early life stages resulted in changes to proteins which play a key role in development but are also known to be anti-tumorigenic and anti-oxidant: upregulation of haemoglobin subunit beta (48 h egg), haemoglobin, serum albumin 1 precursor (eyed eggs), clathrin heavy chain 1 isoform X10 (eyed eggs and first feeders), and actin-related protein 2/3 complex subunit 4 (first feeders), downregulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase, histone 1 (48 h egg), triosephosphate isomerase (TPI), collagen alpha-1(1) chain like proteins (YSL), pyruvate kinase PKM-like protein (YSL and first feeders), ubiquitin-40S ribosomal proteins S27 and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 A isoform 1B (first feeders)...
February 17, 2018: Environmental Research
Johan Ankarklev, Marianne Lebbad, Elin Einarsson, Oscar Franzén, Harri Ahola, Karin Troell, Staffan G Svärd
Molecular epidemiology and genotyping studies of the parasitic protozoan Giardia intestinalis have proven difficult due to multiple factors, such as low discriminatory power in the commonly used genotyping loci, which has hampered molecular analyses of outbreak sources, zoonotic transmission and virulence types. Here we have focused on assemblage A Giardia and developed a high-resolution assemblage-specific multilocus sequence typing (MLST) method. Analyses of sequenced G. intestinalis assemblage A genomes from different sub-assemblages identified a set of six genetic loci with high genetic variability...
February 10, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Meylin Bautista, Taís Rondello Bonatti, Vagner Ricardo da S Fiuza, Angelica Terashima, Marco Canales-Ramos, Juliana José, Regina Maura Bueno Franco
Giardia and Cryptosporidium are potentially pathogenic protozoa which are ubiquitous in ambient surface water. The present study included 60 samples of surface water from three sampling sites from the Rímac River, Lima and Callao, Peru, to detect the occurrence of Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. and to perform molecular characterization of specimens found. Water samples were concentrated using the membrane filtration technique, and following elution, cysts and oocysts were visualized by direct immunofluorescence assay (IFA)...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Alan R Hipkiss
There is a strong association between neurodegeneration and protein glycation; possible origins of neurotoxic glycated protein, also called glycotoxins, include (i) diet (i.e., proteins cooked at high temperatures), (ii) protein glycation in the gut, and (iii) intracellular reaction of proteins with deleterious aldehydes, especially methylglyoxal (MG). It is likely that excessive glycolysis provokes increased generation of dihydroxyacetone phosphate which decomposes into MG due to activity-induced deamidation of certain asparagine residues in the glycolytic enzyme triose-phosphate isomerase (TPI)...
February 7, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
Michele Amadori, Domenico Barone, Emanuela Scarpi, Devil Oboldi, Elena Amadori, Gianfranco Bandi, Alice Rossi, Fabio Ferroni, Angela Ragazzini, Andrea Casadei Gardini, Giovanni Luca Frassineti, Giampaolo Gavelli, Alessandro Passardi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate early changes in tumour perfusion parameters by dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (D-CEUS) and to identify any correlation with survival and tumour response in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) treated with bevacizumab (B). METHODS: Thirty-seven patients randomized to either chemotherapy (C) plus B or C alone were considered for this study. D-CEUS was performed at baseline and after the first treatment cycle (day 15)...
February 7, 2018: European Radiology
Beatriz Coronato Nunes, Deiviane Aparecida Calegar, Márcio Galvão Pavan, Lauren Hubert Jaeger, Kerla Joeline Lima Monteiro, Elis Regina Chaves Dos Reis, Marli Maria Lima, Márcio Neves Bóia, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa
Giardia duodenalis has a wide genetic variety, and its characterization helps in the understanding of its transmission dynamics and in the development control strategies. This study aimed to assess the genetic diversity of G. duodenalis obtained in different Brazilian biomes and estimate their phylogenetic relationships. Three surveys including 944 participants were carried out in the municipalities of Russas (RSS, Caatinga semiarid biome), Santa Isabel do Rio Negro (SIRN, Amazon rainforest biome) and Nossa Senhora de Nazaré (NSN, Cerrado-Caatinga transition biome)...
February 2, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Cory T Zumbar, Aisulu Usubalieva, Paul D King, Xiaohui Li, Caroline S Mifsud, Hailey M Dalton, Muge Sak, Sara Urio, William M Bryant, Joseph P McElroy, George Farmer, Norman L Lehman
Glioblastoma is a highly malignant disease in critical need of expanded treatment options. The AURKA inhibitor alisertib exhibits antiproliferative activity against glioblastoma in vitro and in vivo. Unlike current clinically used taxane drugs, the novel taxane TPI 287 penetrates the CNS. We tested for interactions between three selective AURKA inhibitors and TPI 287 against standard U87 and U1242 cells and primary glioblastoma neurospheres using colony formation assays. Bliss and Chou-Talalay analyses were utilized to statistically test for synergism...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Zach Rozenbaum, Lena Cohen, Einat Bigelman, Yacov Shacham, Gad Keren, Michal Entin-Meer
OBJECTIVES: We have recently shown that the transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) channel is exclusively upregulated in rat/murine peri-infarct monocytes/macrophages following an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and that this overexpression might be detrimental for cardiac recovery. We aimed to characterize the expression levels of TRPV2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of AMI patients relative to individuals with normal coronaries, and to analyze potential associations with inflammatory and cardiac ischemic markers...
2018: Cardiology
Satabdi Ganguly, Arabinda Mahanty, Tandrima Mitra, Sasmita Mohanty, Basanta Kumar Das, Bimal Prasanna Mohanty
The Indian shad hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha), a commercially important food fish rich in oils, enjoys high consumer preference in the South Asian countries owing to its unique flavour and culinary properties. The present study was undertaken with the primary objective of determining the flesh quality attributes of hilsa in terms of nutritive value (gross chemical composition, amino acid, fatty acid and mineral composition), pH, water holding capacity (WHC) and expression of genes associated with fatty acid metabolism and flesh quality...
January 2018: Food Research International
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