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blackfan diamond

Wannapa Sornjai, Pathrapol Lithanatudom, Jenny Erales, Philippe Joly, Alain Francina, Sabine Hacot, Suthat Fucharoen, Saovaros Svasti, Jean Jacques Diaz, Hichem C Mertani, Duncan R Smith
Ribosome biogenesis is the process of synthesis of the cellular ribosomes which mediate protein translation. Integral with the ribosomes are four cytoplasmic ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) which show extensive post-transcriptional modifications including 2'-O-methylation and pseudouridylation. Several hereditary hematologic diseases including Diamond-Blackfan anemia have been shown to be associated with defects in ribosome biogenesis. Thalassemia is the most important hematologic inherited genetic disease worldwide, and this study examined the post-transcriptional ribose methylation status of three specific active sites of the 28S rRNA molecule at positions 1858, 4197 and 4506 of β-thalassemia trait carriers and normal controls...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Giada Juli, Angelo Gismondi, Valentina Monteleone, Sara Caldarola, Valentina Iadevaia, Anna Aspesi, Irma Dianzani, Christopher G Proud, Fabrizio Loreni
Ribosome biogenesis plays key roles in cell growth by providing increased capacity for protein synthesis. It requires coordinated production of ribosomal proteins (RP) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA), including the processing of the latter. Here, we show that, the depletion of RPS19 causes a reduction of rRNA synthesis in cell lines of both erythroid and non-erythroid origin. A similar effect is observed upon depletion of RPS6 or RPL11. The deficiency of RPS19 does not alter the stability of rRNA, but instead leads to an inhibition of RNA Polymerase I (Pol I) activity...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jing-Ying Zhang, Ming Jia, Hai-Zhao Zhao, Ze-Bin Luo, Wei-Qun Xu, He-Ping Shen, Yong-Min Tang
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital erythroid aplasia that usually presents as macrocytic anemia during infancy. Ribosomal protein S19 (RPS19) is identified as the first gene associated with DBA. RPS19 is mutated in 25% of DBA patients, but its role in DBA pathogenesis remains to be elucidated. We have identified a novel heterozygous frameshift mutation in RPS19 gene in a DBA child presenting with profound anemia after birth. A single nucleotide heterozygous deletion (C.251delG) results in frameshift in RPS19 gene in exon 4 at codon 84 with possible premature stop codon (p...
August 31, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
A Kubik-Zahorodna, B Schuster, I Kanchev, R Sedláček
Diamond-Blackfan anaemia is a rare disease caused by insufficient expression of ribosomal proteins and is characterized by erythroid hypoplasia often accompanied by growth retardation, congenital craniofacial and limb abnormalities. In addition, Diamond-Blackfan anaemia patients also exhibit a number of behavioural abnormalities. In this study we describe the behavioural effects observed in a new mouse mutant carrying a targeted single amino acid deletion in the ribosomal protein RPS19. This mutant, created by the deletion of arginine 67 in RPS19, exhibits craniofacial, skeletal, and brain abnormalities, accompanied by various neurobehavioural malfunctions...
2016: Folia Biologica (Praha)
Shuichi Ozono, Miho Mitsuo, Maiko Noguchi, Shin-Ichiro Nakagawa, Koichiro Ueda, Hiroko Inada, Shouichi Ohga, Etsuro Ito
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by pure erythrocyte aplasia, and approximately 70% of patients carry mutations in the genes encoding ribosomal proteins (RP). Here, we report the case of a male infant with DBA who presented with anemic crisis (hemoglobin [Hb] concentration 1.5 g/dL) at 58 days after birth. On admission, the infant was pale and had tachypnea, but recovered with intensive care, including red blood cell transfusions, and prednisolone. Based on the clinical diagnosis of DBA, the father of the infant had cyclosporine-A-dependent anemia...
September 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Diane D'Allard, Johnson Liu
Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a well known inherited bone marrow failure syndrome mostly caused by mutations in ribosomal protein (RP) genes but also rarely in the hematopoietic transcription factor gene, <i>GATA1</i>, or <i>TSR2</i>, a ribosomal protein (Rps26) chaperone gene. About 25% of patients have heterozygous mutations in the <i>RPS19</i> gene, which leads to haploinsufficiency of Rps19 protein in most cases. However, some <i>RPS19</i> missense mutations appear to act in a dominant negative fashion...
August 22, 2016: Human Gene Therapy
Etsuro Ito, Tsutomu Toki, Kiminori Terui
Inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFS) are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders characterized by bone marrow failure, congenital anomalies, and an increased risk of malignancies. Diagnosis is often difficult due to the wide variety of clinical expressions. The representative diseases are Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA), Fanconi anemia (FA), congenital sideroblastic anemia (CSA), congenital dyserhthropoietic anemia, Shwachman Diamond syndrome, and dyskeratosis congenita. Next-generation sequencing technologies have facilitated the discovery of germline mutations that cause IBMFS...
July 2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Haiming Yuan, Zhe Meng, Liping Liu, Xiaoyan Deng, Xizi Hu, Liyang Liang
BACKGROUD: Microdeletions at 19q13.2 are very rare. Only two cases have been previously described. Here we report a 2-year-2-month old boy with Diamond-Blackfan anemia, global developmental delay, cognitive impairments, distinctive facial features, behavior problems, skeletal and genital dysplasia. CASE PRESENTATION: A de novo 1.6 Mb microdeletion at 19q13.2q13.31 was detected by chromosomal microarray analysis. Haploinsufficiency of the RPS19 gene is known to cause Diamond-Blackfan anemia, other features in this patient are likely due to the deletion of other candidate genes such as PAFAH1B3, ERF, LIPE and GSK3A...
2016: Molecular Cytogenetics
Adedoyin Kalejaiye, Neelam Giri, Carmen C Brewer, Christopher K Zalewski, Kelly A King, Charleen D Adams, Philip S Rosenberg, H Jeffrey Kim, Blanche P Alter
BACKGROUND: The inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFSs) are diverse disorders with syndrome-specific features; their otologic and audiologic manifestations have not been well described. Our objective was to characterize these in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA), dyskeratosis congenita (DC), Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS), and to determine the association between physical findings and hearing loss. METHODS: Patients with an IBMFS underwent comprehensive clinical and laboratory evaluations and testing for syndrome-specific gene mutations...
July 18, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Hua Jiang, Man-Yu Wu, Dong-Zhi Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Yang Wan, Xiaojuan Chen, Wenbin An, Min Ruan, Jingliao Zhang, Lixian Chang, Ranran Zhang, Shuai Zhu, Yingchi Zhang, Wenyu Yang, Ye Guo, Weiping Yuan, Yao Zou, Yumei Chen, Xiaofan Zhu
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by a paucity of erythroid progenitors. We summarized the clinical and genetic features of 104 DBA patients in a single-center retrospective study in China. Data of DBA patients who received consultations at our center from 2003 to 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Genes encoding 10 ribosomal proteins (RPs) and GATA1 were sequenced for mutation detection. Our cohort was composed of 65 males and 39 females. Congenital malformations were observed in 19 patients...
October 2016: International Journal of Hematology
Xilong Xu, Xiufang Xiong, Yi Sun
Ribosomal proteins (RPs), the essential components of the ribosome, are a family of RNA-binding proteins, which play prime roles in ribosome biogenesis and protein translation. Recent studies revealed that RPs have additional extra-ribosomal functions, independent of protein biosynthesis, in regulation of diverse cellular processes. Here, we review recent advances in our understanding of how RPs regulate apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, cell proliferation, neoplastic transformation, cell migration and invasion, and tumorigenesis through both MDM2/p53-dependent and p53-independent mechanisms...
July 2016: Science China. Life Sciences
Taiju Utsugisawa, Toshitaka Uchiyama, Tsutomu Toki, Hiromi Ogura, Takako Aoki, Isao Hamaguchi, Akira Ishiguro, Akira Ohara, Seiji Kojima, Shouichi Ohga, Etsuro Ito, Hitoshi Kanno
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital red cell aplasia with mutations in ribosomal protein (RP) genes. Elevated activity of erythrocyte adenosine deaminase (eADA) has been utilized as a biomarker of DBA. We examined erythrocyte reduced glutathione (GSH) as well as eADA in 22 patients in 18 DBA families, in whom RP gene mutations had been identified. Simultaneous evaluation of both eADA and GSH demonstrated that all examined DBA patients showed elevated values of either eADA or GSH, whereas presence of both eADA and GSH elevation was able to distinguish DBA patients from 34 normal controls and 14 unaffected members of the DBA families...
July 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
Orna Steinberg-Shemer, Siobán Keel, Orly Dgany, Tom Walsh, Sharon Noy-Lotan, Tanya Krasnov, Joanne Yacobovich, Paola Quarello, Ugo Ramenghi, Mary-Claire King, Akiko Shimamura, Hannah Tamary
Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is an inherited syndrome usually presenting with severe macrocytic anemia in infancy, paucity of erythroid precursors in the bone marrow, and congenital anomalies. We describe a child with mild, transfusion independent normocytic anemia whose diagnosis of DBA was established by identification of a novel de novo mutation disrupting normal splicing of the ribosomal protein RPL5. The diagnosis of DBA was confirmed by elevated erythrocyte adenosine deaminase levels and an abnormal ribosomal RNA profile...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Sarah A Bannon, Courtney D DiNardo
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are heterogeneous clonal hematopoietic disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, bone marrow dysplasia, and peripheral cytopenias. Familial forms of MDS have traditionally been considered rare, especially in adults; however, the increasing availability of somatic and germline genetic analyses has identified multiple susceptibility loci. Bone marrow failure syndromes have been well-described in the pediatric setting, e.g., Fanconi anemia (FA), dyskeratosis congenita (DC), Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SBS), hallmarked by clinically-recognizable phenotypes (e...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Hirotaka Matsui, Koichi Suzuki, Kumiko Kato, Ryohei Hattori
An 8-month-old girl with Diamond Blackfan syndrome and idiopathic neutropenia needed steroid therapy for anemia, but the left multicystic dysplastic kidney was often infected. We performed laparoscopic nephrectomy for infection control without any complications. Neutrocytes increased and the infection decreased after nephrectomy even with steroid therapy. Finally, she underwent bone marrow transplantation, as the anemia was not responding to steroid therapy.
April 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Zhantao Yang, Siobán B Keel, Akiko Shimamura, Li Liu, Aaron T Gerds, Henry Y Li, Brent L Wood, Bart L Scott, Janis L Abkowitz
Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with isolated del(5q) are severe macrocytic anemias; although both are associated with impaired ribosome assembly, why the anemia occurs is not known. We cultured marrow cells from DBA (n = 3) and del(5q) MDS (n = 6) patients and determined how heme (a toxic chemical) and globin (a protein) are coordinated. We show that globin translation initiates slowly, whereas heme synthesis proceeds normally. This results in insufficient globin protein, excess heme and excess reactive oxygen species in early erythroid precursors, and CFU-E (colony-forming unit-erythroid)/proerythroblast cell death...
May 11, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
Koyelle Papneja, Mihir D Bhatt, Melanie Kirby-Allen, Steven Arora, John T Wiernikowski, Uma H Athale
Deferasirox is an oral iron chelator used to treat patients with transfusion-related iron overload. We report, from two institutions, two children with Diamond-Blackfan anemia who developed Fanconi syndrome secondary to deferasirox administration, along with a review of the literature. The current recommendation for the laboratory monitoring of patients receiving deferasirox does not include serum electrolytes or urine analysis. Thus, despite routine clinic visits and bloodwork, these two patients presented with life-threatening electrolyte abnormalities requiring hospitalization...
August 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Takuya Kamio, Bai-wei Gu, Timothy S Olson, Yanping Zhang, Philip J Mason, Monica Bessler
MDM2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, is an important negative regulator of tumor suppressor p53. In turn the Mdm2 gene is a transcriptional target of p53, forming a negative feedback loop that is important in cell cycle control. It has recently become apparent that the ubiquitination of p53 by MDM2 can be inhibited when certain ribosomal proteins, including RPL5 and RPL11, bind to MDM2. This inhibition, and the resulting increase in p53 levels has been proposed to be responsible for the red cell aplasia seen in Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) and in 5q- myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)...
2016: PloS One
Yang Wan, Qian Zhang, Zhaojun Zhang, Binfeng Song, Xiaomin Wang, Yingchi Zhang, Qiong Jia, Tao Cheng, Xiaofan Zhu, Anskar Yu-Hung Leung, Weiping Yuan, Haibo Jia, Xiangdong Fang
BACKGROUND: Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) was the first ribosomopathy associated with mutations in ribosome protein (RP) genes. The clinical phenotypes of DBA include failure of erythropoiesis, congenital anomalies and cancer predisposition. Mutations in RPL5 are reported in approximately 9 ~ 21 % of DBA patients, which represents the most common pathological condition related to a large-subunit ribosomal protein. However, it remains unclear how RPL5 downregulation results in severe phenotypes of this disease...
2016: BMC Medical Genomics
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