keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

humanized mouse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166645/angiotensin-ii-infusion-does-not-cause-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-in-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-rats
#1
Evan H Phillips, Mandy S Chang, Sydney Gorman, Hamna J Qureshi, Karin F K Ejendal, Tamara L Kinzer-Ursem, A Nicole Blaize, Craig J Goergen
The apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/-) mouse model has advanced our understanding of cardiovascular disease mechanisms and experimental therapeutics. This spontaneous model recapitulates aspects of human atherosclerosis, and allows for the development of dissecting abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) when combined with angiotensin II. We characterized apoE-/- rats and hypothesized that, similar to mice, they would develop dissecting AAAs. We created rats with a 16-bp deletion of the apoE gene using transcription activator-like effector nucleases...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166574/altered-tnf-%C3%AE-response-by-aconibal-%C3%A2-and-methotrexate-in-a-lipopolysaccharide-induced-setting-of-inflammatory-conditions-potential-on-a-synergistic-combination
#2
Gunhyuk Park, Seoung Hoon Lee, Ji-Ye Han, Dal-Seok Oh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aconitum carmichaelii (AC) is a common herbal medicine used as anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent in Eastern Asia. In Korea, a commercial processed AC (Aconibal(®)) is traditionally used to treat the symptoms of spondylosis deformans and rheumatic pain. AIM OF STUDY: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is systemic and auto-immune disease characterized by chronic inflammation. Methotrexate (MTX) is often the first-line therapy for RA. If MTX monotherapy is ineffective or RA is initially severe, adding a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor to the treatment can be beneficial...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165995/magnetic-particle-imaging-for-highly-sensitive-quantitative-and-safe-in-vivo-gut-bleed-detection-in-a-murine-model
#3
Elaine Y Yu, Prashant Chandrasekharan, Ran Berzon, Zhi Wei Tay, Xinyi Y Zhou, Amit P Khandhar, R Matthew Ferguson, Scott J Kemp, Bo Zheng, Patrick W Goodwill, Michael F Wendland, Kannan M Krishnan, Spencer Behr, Jonathan Carter, Steven M Conolly
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding causes more than 300,000 hospitalizations per year in the United States. Imaging plays a crucial role in accurately locating the source of the bleed for timely intervention. Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI) is an emerging clinically translatable imaging modality that images superparamagnetic iron-oxide (SPIO) tracers with extraordinary contrast and sensitivity. This linearly quantitative modality has zero background tissue signal and zero signal depth attenuation. MPI is also safe: there is zero ionizing radiation exposure to the patient and clinically approved tracers can be used with MPI...
November 22, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165716/targeting-bcr-abl-independent-tki-resistance-in-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-by-mtor-and-autophagy-inhibition
#4
Rebecca Mitchell, Lisa E M Hopcroft, Pablo Baquero, Elaine K Allan, Kay Hewit, Daniel James, Graham Hamilton, Arunima Mukhopadhyay, Jim O'Prey, Alan Hair, Junia V Melo, Edmond Chan, Kevin M Ryan, Véronique Maguer-Satta, Brian J Druker, Richard E Clark, Subir Mitra, Pawel Herzyk, Franck E Nicolini, Paolo Salomoni, G Vignir Helgason
Background: Imatinib and second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) nilotinib and dasatinib have statistically significantly improved the life expectancy of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients; however, resistance to TKIs remains a major clinical challenge. Although ponatinib, a third-generation TKI, improves outcomes for patients with BCR-ABL-dependent mechanisms of resistance, including the T315I mutation, a proportion of patients may have or develop BCR-ABL-independent resistance and fail ponatinib treatment...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165614/long-term-health-in-recipients-of-transplanted-in-vitro-propagated-spermatogonial-stem-cells
#5
Callista L Mulder, Lisa A E Catsburg, Yi Zheng, Cindy M de Winter-Korver, Saskia K M van Daalen, Madelon van Wely, Steven Pals, Sjoerd Repping, Ans M M van Pelt
STUDY QUESTION: Is testicular transplantation of in vitro propagated spermatogonial stem cells associated with increased cancer incidence and decreased survival rates in recipient mice? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cancer incidence was not increased and long-term survival rate was not altered after transplantation of in vitro propagated murine spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in busulfan-treated recipients as compared to non-transplanted busulfan-treated controls. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Spermatogonial stem cell autotransplantation (SSCT) is a promising experimental reproductive technique currently under development to restore fertility in male childhood cancer survivors...
November 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165303/immunoreactivity-to-cyp24a1-but-not-vitamin-d-receptor-is-increased-in-mast-cells-of-keratinocyte-skin-cancers
#6
Antti Kaukinen, Hanna Siiskonen, Jukka Pelkonen, Ilkka T Harvima
In mouse skin models, mast cells have been shown to express vitamin D receptor (VDR) that can mediate the immunosuppressive effects of ultraviolet B radiation and vitamin D3. However, VDR activation leads to the expression of CYP24A1, a hydroxylase that can inactivate vitamin D3 metabolites. To examine immunoreactivity to VDR and CYP24A1 in mast cells from normal human skin, keratinocyte skin cancers, and disorders of chronic inflammation. Frozen biopsies were collected from the non-lesional and lesional skin of patients with actinic keratosis (AK), Bowen's disease/squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), basal cell carcinoma (BCC), and psoriasis...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165116/circular-rna-profiles-in-mouse-lung-tissue-induced-by-radon
#7
Weiwei Pei, Lijing Tao, Leshuai W Zhang, Shuyu Zhang, Jianping Cao, Yang Jiao, Jian Tong, Jihua Nie
BACKGROUND: Radon is a known human lung carcinogen, whose underlying carcinogenic mechanism remains unclear. Recently, circular RNA (circRNA), a class of endogenous non-protein coding RNAs that contain a circular loop, was found to exhibit multiple biological effects. In this study, circRNA profiles in mouse lung tissues between control and radon exposure were analyzed. METHODS: Six mice were exposed to radon at concentration of 100,000 Bq/m(3), 12 h/d, for up to cumulative doses of 60 working level months (WLM)...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164803/preclinical-evaluation-and-optimization-of-a-cell-therapy-using-human-cord-blood-derived-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-for-ischemic-retinopathies
#8
Emma Reid, Jasenka Guduric-Fuchs, Christina L O'Neill, Lynsey-Dawn Allen, Sarah E J Chambers, Alan W Stitt, Reinhold J Medina
Cell therapy using endothelial progenitors holds promise for vascular repair in ischemic retinopathies. Using a well-defined subpopulation of human cord blood-derived endothelial progenitors known as endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), we have evaluated essential requirements for further development of this cell therapy targeting the ischemic retina, including dose response, delivery route, and toxicity. First, to evaluate therapeutic efficacy relating to cell dose, ECFCs were injected into the vitreous of mice with oxygen-induced retinopathy...
November 22, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164502/superovulation-alters-dna-methyltransferase-protein-expression-in-mouse-oocytes-and-early-embryos
#9
Fatma Uysal, Saffet Ozturk, Gokhan Akkoyunlu
PURPOSE: DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism that plays critical roles during mammalian oocyte and preimplantation embryo development. It is achieved by adding a methyl group to the fifth carbon atom of cytosine residues within cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) and non-CpG dinucleotide sites using DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) enzymes for de novo and maintenance methylation processes. DNMT1, DNMT3A, and DNMT3B play important roles in establishing methylation of developmentally related genes in oocytes and early embryos...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164310/relevance-of-trpa1-and-trpm8-channels-as-vascular-sensors-of-cold-in-the-cutaneous-microvasculature
#10
REVIEW
Y Pan, D Thapa, L Baldissera, F Argunhan, A A Aubdool, S D Brain
Cold exposure is directly related to skin conditions, such as frostbite. This is due to the cold exposure inducing a vasoconstriction to reduce cutaneous blood flow and protect against heat loss. However, a long-term constriction will cause ischaemia and potentially irreversible damage. We have developed techniques to elucidate the mechanisms of the vascular cold response. We focused on two ligand-gated transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, namely, the established "cold sensors" TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and TRP melastin (TRPM8)...
November 21, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164268/mapping-of-the-binding-sites-of-human-diamine-oxidase-dao-monoclonal-antibodies
#11
Hubert G Schwelberger, Johannes Feurle, Gunnar Houen
OBJECTIVE: Recently we characterized five mouse monoclonal antibodies that allow the specific and sensitive detection of human diamine oxidase (DAO). To understand differences in binding characteristics and recognition of enzyme variants, we mapped the antibody binding sites. METHODS: Fragments of human DAO were expressed as glutathione-S-transferase fusion proteins that were used for testing antibody binding on immunoblots. Combined information from species cross-reactivity, sequence comparison and binding site-prediction software were used to localize the epitope recognized by each antibody...
November 21, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163922/bright-and-sensitive-ratiometric-fluorescent-probe-enabling-endogenous-fa-imaging-and-mechanistic-exploration-of-indirect-oxidative-damage-due-to-fa-in-various-living-systems
#12
Kun Dou, Guang Chen, Fabiao Yu, Yuxia Liu, Lingxin Chen, Ziping Cao, Tao Chen, Yulin Li, Jinmao You
As a notorious toxin, formaldehyde (FA) poses an immense threat to human health. Aberrantly elevated FA levels lead to serious pathologies, including organ damage, neurodegeneration, and cancer. Unfortunately, current techniques limit FA imaging to general comparative studies, instead of a mechanistic exploration of its biological role, and this is presumably due to the lack of robust molecular tools for reporting FA in living systems. More importantly, despite being reductive, FA, however, can induce oxidative damage to organisms, thus providing a challenge to the mechanistic study of FA using fluorescence imaging...
November 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163805/thymine-dna-glycosylase-tdg-is-involved-in-the-pathogenesis-of-intestinal-tumors-with-reduced-apc-expression
#13
Jinfei Xu, Salvatore Cortellino, Rossella Tricarico, Wen-Chi Chang, Gabrielle Scher, Karthik Devarajan, Michael Slifker, Robert Moore, Maria Rosaria Bassi, Elena Caretti, Margie Clapper, Harry Cooper, Alfonso Bellacosa
Thymine DNA Glycosylase (TDG) is a base excision repair enzyme that acts as a thymine and uracil DNA N-glycosylase on G:T and G:U mismatches, thus protecting CpG sites in the genome from mutagenesis by deamination. In addition, TDG has an epigenomic function by removing the novel cytosine derivatives 5-formylcytosine and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC) generated by Ten-Eleven Translocation (TET) enzymes during active DNA demethylation. We and others previously reported that TDG is essential for mammalian development...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163795/oral-4-n-stearoyl-gemcitabine-nanoparticles-inhibit-tumor-growth-in-mouse-models
#14
Caixia Wang, Yuanqiang Zheng, Michael A Sand Oval, Solange A Valdes, Zhe Chen, Dharmika S Lansakara-P, Maolin Du, Yanchun Shi, Zhengrong Cui
In spite of recent advances in targeted tumor therapy, systemic chemotherapy with cytotoxic agents remains a vital cancer treatment modality. Gemcitabine is a nucleoside analog commonly used in the treatment of various solid tumors, but an oral gemcitabine dosage form remain unavailable. Previously, we developed the 4-(N)-stearoyl gemcitabine solid lipid nanoparticles (GemC18-SLNs) by incorporating 4-(N)-stearoyl gemcitabine (GemC18), an amide prodrug of gemcitabine, into solid lipid nanoparticles. GemC18-SLNs, when administered intravenously, showed strong antitumor activity against various human and mouse tumors in mouse models...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163784/imp2-igf2bp2-expression-but-not-imp1-and-imp3-predicts-poor-outcome-in-patients-and-high-tumor-growth-rate-in-xenograft-models-of-gallbladder-cancer
#15
Sonja M Kessler, Eva Lederer, Stephan Laggai, Nicole Golob-Schwarzl, Kevan Hosseini, Johannes Petzold, Caroline Schweiger, Robert Reihs, Marlen Keil, Jens Hoffmann, Christian Mayr, Tobias Kiesslich, Martin Pichler, Kyung Sik Kim, Hyungjin Rhee, Young Nyun Park, Sigurd Lax, Peter Obrist, Alexandra K Kiemer, Johannes Haybaeck
Overexpression of the oncofetal insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 2 (IMP2/IGF2BP2) has been described in different cancer types. Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is a rare but highly aggressive cancer entity with late clinical detection and poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of IMP2 in human GBC. Tissue microarrays (TMAs) of an international multi-center GBC sample collection from n = 483 patients were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. IMP2 immunoreactivity was found in 74...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163634/evidence-suggesting-absence-of-mitochondrial-dna-methylation
#16
Mie Mechta, Lars R Ingerslev, Odile Fabre, Martin Picard, Romain Barrès
Methylation of nuclear genes encoding mitochondrial proteins participates in the regulation of mitochondria function. The existence of cytosine methylation in the mitochondrial genome is debated. To investigate whether mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is methylated, we used both targeted- and whole mitochondrial genome bisulfite sequencing in cell lines and muscle tissue from mouse and human origin. While unconverted cytosines were detected in some portion of the mitochondrial genome, their abundance was inversely associated to the sequencing depth, indicating that sequencing analysis can bias the estimation of mtDNA methylation levels...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163553/ppargamma-deficiency-counteracts-thymic-senescence
#17
David Ernszt, Krisztina Banfai, Zoltan Kellermayer, Attila Pap, Janet M Lord, Judit E Pongracz, Krisztian Kvell
Thymic senescence contributes to increased incidence of infection, cancer and autoimmunity at senior ages. This process manifests as adipose involution. As with other adipose tissues, thymic adipose involution is also controlled by PPARgamma. This is supported by observations reporting that systemic PPARgamma activation accelerates thymic adipose involution. Therefore, we hypothesized that decreased PPARgamma activity could prevent thymic adipose involution, although it may trigger metabolic adverse effects...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163519/repertoire-of-balb-c-mice-natural-anti-carbohydrate-antibodies-mice-vs-humans-difference-and-otherness-of-individual-animals
#18
Daniel Bello-Gil, Nailya Khasbiullina, Nadezhda Shilova, Nicolai Bovin, Rafael Mañez
One of the most common genetic backgrounds for mice used as a model to investigate human diseases is the inbred BALB/c strain. This work is aimed to characterize the pattern of natural anti-carbohydrate antibodies present in the serum of 20 BALB/c mice by printed glycan array technology and to compare their binding specificities with that of human natural anti-carbohydrate antibodies. Natural antibodies (NAbs) from the serum of BALB/c mice interacted with 71 glycans from a library of 419 different carbohydrate structures...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163495/human-cd141-dendritic-cell-and-cd1c-dendritic-cell-undergo-concordant-early-genetic-programming-after-activation-in-humanized-mice-in-vivo
#19
Yoshihito Minoda, Isaac Virshup, Ingrid Leal Rojas, Oscar Haigh, Yide Wong, John J Miles, Christine A Wells, Kristen J Radford
Human immune cell subsets develop in immunodeficient mice following reconstitution with human CD34(+) hematopoietic stem cells. These "humanized" mice are useful models to study human immunology and human-tropic infections, autoimmunity, and cancer. However, some human immune cell subsets are unable to fully develop or acquire full functional capacity due to a lack of cross-reactivity of many growth factors and cytokines between species. Conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) in mice are categorized into cDC1, which mediate T helper (Th)1 and CD8(+) T cell responses, and cDC2, which mediate Th2 and Th17 responses...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163484/tracking-human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-infection-in-the-humanized-drag-mouse-model
#20
Jiae Kim, Kristina K Peachman, Ousman Jobe, Elaine B Morrison, Atef Allam, Linda Jagodzinski, Sofia A Casares, Mangala Rao
Humanized mice are emerging as an alternative model system to well-established non-human primate (NHP) models for studying human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 biology and pathogenesis. Although both NHP and humanized mice have their own strengths and could never truly reflect the complex human immune system and biology, there are several advantages of using the humanized mice in terms of using primary HIV-1 for infection instead of simian immunodeficiency virus or chimera simian/HIV. Several different types of humanized mice have been developed with varying levels of reconstitution of human CD45(+) cells...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
105043
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"