keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

paediatric sepsis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161425/the-rise-and-fall-of-pneumococcal-serotypes-carried-in-the-pcv-era
#1
Vanessa T Devine, David W Cleary, Johanna M C Jefferies, Rebecca Anderson, Denise E Morris, Andrew C Tuck, Rebecca A Gladstone, Grace O'Doherty, Priyasharmila Kuruparan, Stephen D Bentley, Saul N Faust, Stuart C Clarke
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of meningitis, sepsis and pneumonia worldwide. Vaccination using pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) has therefore been part of the UK's childhood immunisation programme since 2006. Here we describe pneumococcal carriage rates in children under five years of age attending the paediatric department of a large UK hospital in response to vaccine implementation over seven winter seasons from 2006 to 2013. S. pneumoniae (n=696) were isolated from nasopharyngeal swabs (n=2267) collected during seven consecutive winters, October to March, 2006/7 to 2012/13...
February 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152345/the-burden-of-invasive-infections-in-critically-ill-indigenous-children-in-australia
#2
Justyna A Ostrowski, Graeme MacLaren, Janet Alexander, Penny Stewart, Sheena Gune, Joshua R Francis, Subodh Ganu, Marino Festa, Simon J Erickson, Lahn Straney, Luregn J Schlapbach
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence and mortality of invasive infections in Indigenous children admitted to paediatric and general intensive care units (ICUs) in Australia. DESIGN: Retrospective multi-centre cohort study of Australian and New Zealand Paediatric Intensive Care Registry data. PARTICIPANTS: All children under 16 years of age admitted to an ICU in Australia, 1 January 2002 - 31 December 2013. Indigenous children were defined as those identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander in a mandatory admissions dataset...
February 6, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144696/erratum-to-ten-concerns-about-blood-pressure-measurement-and-targets-in-paediatric-sepsis
#3
Matko Marlais, Mark D Lyttle, David Inwald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138169/diagnosis-of-paediatric-sepsis-by-automated-blood-culture-system-and-conventional-blood-culture
#4
Adeel Ahmad, Shagufta Iram, Shahida Hussain, Noshin Wasim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the time required for isolation of aerobic bacterial pathogen from paediatric septicaemia suspects by using BACTEC 9240 blood culture system, and to compare the results with conventional blood culture technique. METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted at the Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from July to December 2013, and comprised blood samples of suspected septicaemia children. The blood samples were inoculated into automated BACTEC 9240 Peds Plus/F resin-based media...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118320/characteristics-of-children-with-microbiologically-confirmed-invasive-bacterial-infections-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Iker Gangoiti, Juan R Valle, Mercedes Sota, Lorea Martinez-Indart, Javier Benito, Santiago Mintegi
BACKGROUND: Determination of the characteristics of paediatric invasive bacterial infections (IBI) is essential for early identification of children requiring immediate antibiotic therapy. The main objective is to characterize the emergency presentation of the IBI among children aged younger than 14 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective registry-based cohort study including all patients aged younger than 14 years diagnosed with confirmed IBI (culture or genomic detection using the polymerase chain reaction) was carried out in a paediatric emergency department between 2008 and 2015...
January 21, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099405/insights-in-transplanting-complex-paediatric-renal-recipients-with-vascular-anomalies
#6
Pankaj Chandak, Nicos Kessaris, Chris J Callaghan, Francis Calder, Jelena Stojanovic, Jonathon Olsburgh, Martin Drage, Helen Hume-Smith, Zubir Ahmed, Anna Adamusiak, Derek Roebuck, Colin Forman, Stephen D Marks, Nizam Mamode
BACKGROUND: Children with end-stage kidney disease may have co-existing iatrogenic or congenital vascular anomalies making transplantation difficult. We describe our approach in 5 recipients with vascular anomalies and significant co-morbidities, including one case of blood group incompatibility. METHODS: Five children aged 3 - 17 (median 7) years, weighing 14 - 34 (median 18) kg of whom 4 had occluded inferior vena cava or iliac veins and 2 had previous complex vascular reconstructions prior to transplantation for mid-aortic syndrome and multiple aortic aneurysms, respectively underwent renal transplantation...
January 17, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039297/realistic-evaluation-of-situation-awareness-for-everyone-safe-on-paediatric-wards-study-protocol
#7
J Deighton, J Edbrooke-Childs, E Stapley, N Sevdalis, J Hayes, D Gondek, E Sharples, P Lachman
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that health outcomes for hospitalised children in the UK are worse than other countries in Europe, with an estimated 1500 preventable deaths in hospital each year. It is presumed that some of these deaths are due to unanticipated deterioration, which could have been prevented by earlier intervention, for example, sepsis. The Situation Awareness For Everyone (SAFE) intervention aims to redirect the 'clinical gaze' to encompass a range of prospective indicators of risk or deterioration, including clinical indicators and staff concerns, so that professionals can review relevant information for any given situation...
December 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990596/ten-concerns-about-blood-pressure-measurement-and-targets-in-paediatric-sepsis
#8
Matko Marlais, Mark D Lyttle, David Inwald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981921/emerging-trends-of-bloodstream-infections-a-six-year-study-at-a-paediatric-tertiary-care-hospital-in-kabul
#9
Tariq Mahmud Tariq, Esmatullah Rasool
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of pathogens causing bloodstream infections and evaluate their trends and antibiogram patterns among in-patients in a paediatric tertiary care centre. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children (FMIC), Kabul, Afghanistan in two phases, from January 2010 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: Results of blood cultures from suspected cases of sepsis admitted in the FMIC, from January 2010 to December 2012 (Period-1), and from January 2013 to December 2015 (Period-2) were completed...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903213/correction-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-plasma-filtration-in-severe-paediatric-sepsis-crit-care-resusc-2013-15-198-204
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842634/a-review-of-the-peri-operative-management-of-paediatric-burns-identifying-adverse-events
#11
H Rode, C Brink, K Bester, M P Coleman, T Baisey, R Martinez
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are common in poverty-stricken countries. The majority of patients with large and complex burns are referred to burn centres. Of the children who qualify for admission, according to burn admission criteria, about half require some kind of surgical procedure to obtain skin cover. These range from massive full-thickness fire burns to skin grafts for small, residual unhealed wounds. Burn anaesthetic procedures are of the most difficult to perform and are known for high complication rates...
November 2, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709263/refractory-septic-shock-in-children-a-european-society-of-paediatric-and-neonatal-intensive-care-definition
#12
Luc Morin, Samiran Ray, Clare Wilson, Solenn Remy, Mohamed Rida Benissa, Nicolaas J G Jansen, Etienne Javouhey, Mark J Peters, Martin Kneyber, Daniele De Luca, Simon Nadel, Luregn Jan Schlapbach, Graeme Maclaren, Pierre Tissieres
PURPOSE: Although overall paediatric septic shock mortality is decreasing, refractory septic shock (RSS) is still associated with high mortality. A definition for RSS is urgently needed to facilitate earlier identification and treatment. We aim to establish a European society of paediatric and neonatal intensive care (ESPNIC) experts' definition of paediatric RSS. METHODS: We conducted a two-round Delphi study followed by an observational multicentre retrospective study...
December 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677575/mitral-valve-replacement-in-neonatal-endocarditis-time-to-discuss-prevention-strategies-for-group-b-streptococcus-disease
#13
Sormeh Salehian, Abhinav Rastogi, Olivier Ghez, Margarita Burmester
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is recognised as one of the leading organisms in early-onset neonatal sepsis but is also a cause of late-onset GBS septicaemia, meningitis and rarely, infective endocarditis (IE). We report a case of a healthy term neonate who developed GBS septicaemia and meningitis having presented with parental concern and poor feeding. Subsequent identification and treatment of GBS resulted in the requirement for long-line intravascular access in order to administer antibiotic therapy. One week later, after repeated parental concern and symptoms of shortness of breath, the neonate presented to Accident and Emergency and subsequently a Paediatric Cardiorespiratory Intensive Care Unit where emergency resuscitation procedures were required and diagnosis of severe IE affecting the mitral valve was made...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610444/paediatric-urinary-tract-infections-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Devang J Desai, Brent Gilbert, Craig A McBride
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) commonly occur in children. An estimated 8% of girls and 2% of boys will have at least one episode by seven years of age. Of these children, 12-30% will experience recurrence within one year. Australian hospital admission records indicate that paediatric UTIs represent 12% of all UTI hospital admissions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the pathogenesis, clinical assessment and management of UTIs, and prevention strategies in children...
August 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608345/the-utility-of-procalcitonin-in-the-prediction-of-serious-bacterial-infection-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-intensive-care-unit
#15
S M Matha, S N Rahiman, B G Gelbart, T D Duke
To determine utility of procalcitonin (PCT) for the prediction of bacterial infection in critically ill children, we analysed the relationship between serum PCT, cultures and other laboratory markers of bacterial sepsis or viral infection in a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). The outcome measures were levels of PCT in proven bacteraemia, pneumonia and viral respiratory infection; and comparison of PCT to immature to total neutrophil ratio (ITR) in prediction of bacteraemia. In 420 children with suspected sepsis, 1,226 serum PCT levels were analysed...
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566800/invasive-meningococcal-disease-in-children-in-ireland-2001-2011
#16
Cilian Ó Maoldomhnaigh, Richard J Drew, Patrick Gavin, Mary Cafferkey, Karina M Butler
BACKGROUND: In 1999, invasive meningococcal disease was hyperendemic in Ireland at 14.75/100 000 population, with 60% group B and 30% group C diseases. National sepsis guidelines and meningococcal C vaccines were introduced in 2000. Despite a spontaneous decline in group B infection, invasive meningococcal disease remains a leading cause of sepsis. This study characterises the epidemiology of invasive meningococcal disease in children in Ireland since the introduction of meningococcal C vaccine and reviews its clinical presentation, hospital course and outcome in anticipation of meningococcal B vaccine introduction...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540203/clinical-supervision-what-about-the-specialist-trainees
#17
Andrew Taylor, Adam Sutherland
INTRODUCTION: Clinical supervision is defined by Barber and Norman as having four main functions: educational, supportive, managerial and development of self-awareness.1 It is common practice within initial pharmacy education for clinical supervision to take place at undergraduate, pre-registration and foundation level pharmacist stages. But what about the specialist trainees? It is probably a fair observation that the amount of clinical supervision provided for pharmacists undergoing their advanced level practice drops vividly...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536376/escherichia-vulneris-an-unusual-cause-of-complicated-diarrhoea-and-sepsis-in-an-infant-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
S Jain, D Nagarjuna, R Gaind, S Chopra, P K Debata, R Dawar, R Sardana, M Yadav
Escherichia vulneris is an opportunistic human pathogen. It has been primarily reported in adult patients and invasive infections have been observed in immune-suppressed individuals. This is the first report of E. vulneris causing complicated diarrhoea and sepsis in an infant. Two month old sick infant, born full-term, was admitted to the paediatrics department with loose motions and refusal to feed for four days. E. vulneris was isolated from blood in pure culture. The isolate was characterized for diarrhoeal virulence markers: heat labile and heat stable toxins (LT, ST) and hemolysin (hlyA) by PCR...
September 2016: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518928/fresh-versus-old-red-cell-transfusions-what-have-the-recent-clinical-trials-found
#19
Akshay Shah, Stuart McKechnie, Susan J Brunskill, Simon J Stanworth
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Red blood cell transfusion is a common treatment for anaemia worldwide, but concerns continue to be raised about adverse effects of cellular blood components, which are biological products. One hypothesis for the adverse effects associated with blood transfusion is the harmful effects of storage on red cells that have been demonstrated in laboratory and animal studies. Over the past few years, a number of more significant randomized controlled trials comparing 'fresh' versus 'older' blood have been published in an attempt to address the clinical consequences of storage age, with two further large trials ongoing...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516901/survey-of-oxygen-delivery-practices-in-uk-paediatric-intensive-care-units
#20
Sainath Raman, Samiran Ray, Mark J Peters
Purpose. Administration of supplemental oxygen is common in paediatric intensive care. We explored the current practice of oxygen administration using a case vignette in paediatric intensive care units (PICU) in the united kingdom. Methods. We conducted an online survey of Paediatric Intensive Care Society members in the UK. The survey outlined a clinical scenario followed by questions on oxygenation targets for 5 common diagnoses seen in critically ill children. Results. Fifty-three paediatric intensive care unit members from 10 institutions completed the survey...
2016: Critical Care Research and Practice
keyword
keyword
105040
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"