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Hemangioma—vascular malformation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104205/-mediastinal-hemangioma-mimicking-a-mature-cystic-teratoma-report-of-a-case
#1
Jun Nakano, Toshihiro Ikeda
A 16-year old young man was referred to our hospital due to abnormal mass of mediastinum on chest radiography. Chest computed tomography scan revealed 45 mm mass in diameter with low density areas and ring shaped calcification at right upper mediastinum. However, chest magnetic resonance imaging showed no existence of fat nor calcification. Although no typical findings was observed, surgical resection was performed because mature cystic teratoma was undeniable. At complete video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, tumor was found to be in the upper mediastinum covered with mediastinal pleura and with dense fibrous structures around it, and was resected with surrounding fat tissue...
November 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030926/sternal-malformations-and-anesthetic-management
#2
REVIEW
John H Nichols, Viviane G Nasr
Shamberger and Welch classify sternal malformations into four types: thoracic ectopia cordis, cervical ectopia cordis, thoraco-abdominal ectopia cordis, and cleft sternum. Cleft sternum is the most common subset, with a reported incidence of 1 in 50,000 to 100,000 live births, representing 0.15% of all anterior chest wall malformations. Acostello et al further classify cleft sternum into complete or partial (superior, medium, inferior) with a simple superior partial cleft sternum being by far the most common with an orthotopic heart, intact pericardium, and normal skin coverage...
November 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955596/cavernous-lymphangioma-of-the-tongue-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#3
Selin Eren, Ahmet Taylan Cebi, Sabri Cemil Isler, Metin Berk Kasapoglu, Nihan Aksakalli, Cetin Kasapoglu
Lymphangioma is a benign hamartomatous lesion caused by congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. This benign tumor is detected most commonly at birth or in early childhood but rarely in adults. On clinical examination, most lymphangiomas contain clear lymph fluid, but some may present as transparent vesicles containing red blood cells due to hemorrhage. In addition, lymphangioma may occur in association with hemangioma. This tumor occurs most commonly in the head and neck area, but rarely in the oral cavity...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887276/moyamoya-vasculopathy-in-phace-syndrome-six-new-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Domenico Tortora, Mariasavina Severino, Andrea Accogli, Carola Martinetti, Nadia Vercellino, Valeria Capra, Andrea Rossi, Marco Pavanello
PHACE syndrome is a neurocutaneous disorder including posterior fossa malformations, hemangiomas, arterial lesions, cardiac defects, and eye abnormalities. PHACE arteriopathies may be progressive and have been recently categorized based on the risk of acute ischemic stroke, raising attention to the potentially devastating consequences of cerebrovascular complications in this syndrome. On the other hand, the natural history of arteriopathy in PHACE syndrome remains poorly understood. At the moment, there are no established surgical guidelines for high risk vasculopathies, including quasi-moyamoya, in this syndrome...
September 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776215/-cavernomas-of-the-central-nervous-system-observational-study-of-111-patients
#5
C Mayer, U M Mauer, G Bluhm, R Mathieu, C Hackenbroch, S Mayer
PURPOSE: The prevalence of cavernomas (cavernous hemangioma) is 0.1-0.7%. Cavernomas are often found as an incidental finding within the framework of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations in mainly young and healthy patients. In the literature, the reported risk of hemorrhage varies greatly and is sometimes higher than that of aneurysms, which is surprising given that cavernomas are part of the low blood pressure system. After the diagnosis the medical practitioner and the patient have to decide on the further therapy, either surgical removal or the strategy of watchful waiting (conservative treatment)...
August 3, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626825/phace-s-syndrome-report-of-a-case-with-new-ocular-and-systemic-manifestations
#6
Raheleh Assari, Vahid Ziaee, Sasan Moghimi, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
PURPOSE: To describe an infant with PHACE(S) syndrome [posterior fossa anomalies (P), hemangiomas (H), arterial anomalies (A), cardiac abnormalities and coarctation of aorta (C), eye abnormalities (E), and the sternal defects (S)] with unusual strabismus, congenital glaucoma, and new systemic manifestations. METHODS: A 6-month-old girl was referred with large hemangiomas on the left side of the face. RESULTS: In the ocular examination, right esotropia and hypotropia, and limitation of elevation in adduction in the right eye were seen...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587325/sildenafil-suppresses-the-proliferation-and-enhances-the-apoptosis-of-hemangioma-endothelial-cells
#7
Xiaopo He, Yiran Liu, Kai Li, Aijun Yang, Rui Wang, Shaohua Liu
Treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IH) with propranolol was first reported in 2008. Regressions of lymphatic malformations combined with pulmonary hypertension was first reported in 2012 after three children received treatment with oral sildenafil, which serves as an antagonist of phosphodiesterase isoform-5 (PDE-5). A marked expression of endothelial cells in the cytoplasm of IH tissues was obtained in our previous study. Therefore, the present study hypothesized that the antagonist of PDE-5, sildenafil, may lead to the regression of hemangiomas...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523345/endovenous-laser-ablation-therapy-in-children-applications-and-outcomes
#8
Premal A Patel, Alex M Barnacle, Sam Stuart, Joao G Amaral, Philip R John
BACKGROUND: Endovenous laser ablation is well recognized as the first-line treatment for superficial venous reflux with varicose veins in adults. It is not widely reported and is not an established practice in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: To illustrate a variety of pediatric venous conditions in which endovenous laser ablation can be utilized and to demonstrate its feasibility and safety in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of endovenous laser ablation procedures performed between January 2007 and July 2014 at two large pediatric institutions...
May 18, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399335/recent-advances-in-orbital-tumors-a-review-of-publications-from-2014-2016
#9
REVIEW
Santosh G Honavar, Fairooz P Manjandavida
The aim of this review article is to provide an update of the current literature on orbital tumors. The authors conducted a PubMed literature search of English language articles published between January 2014 and December 2016 using the following search items: orbit, tumors, lacrimal gland, lymphoma, hemangioma, lymphangioma. The authors included reviews, original articles, case series, and case reports with relevant new information. There is new information about the clinical spectrum of orbital tumors, capillary hemangioma, cavernous hemangioma, lymphangioma, orbital venous malformation, lacrimal gland tumors, and orbital lymphoma...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368723/a-retrospective-review-of-cases-preoperatively-diagnosed-by-radiologic-imaging-as-cavernous-venous-malformations
#10
Anupam Jayaram, Liza M Cohen, Gary S Lissner, Achilles G Karagianis
The purpose of this study is to examine orbital lesions identified on preoperative radiologic imaging as cavernous venous malformations (CVMs), identify their imaging characteristics, and determine if these may help differentiate CVMs from other intraorbital masses. An IRB-approved retrospective chart review over 30 years was undertaken identifying lesions "consistent with cavernous hemangioma" on radiologic studies, which were subsequently surgically resected with a tissue diagnosis. All radiologic images (CT and MRI) obtained preoperatively were re-reviewed by a single masked neuroradiologist...
April 3, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168756/small-infantile-haemangioma-and-breast-hypoplasia
#11
LETTER
C Velter, C Gronier, D Lipsker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064423/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-management-of-glaucoma-associated-with-sturge-weber-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Usman Javaid, Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Samreen Jamal, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
PURPOSE: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a condition which includes leptomeningeal hemangioma, facial angiomatosis or nevus flammeus, and ocular changes. SWS can lead to severe complications of anterior segment involving conjunctiva and eyelids, whereas posterior segment of the eye may also be affected by diffuse choroidal hemorrhages. This article was written with the objectives to determine the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of glaucoma associated with this rare and challenging disorder...
January 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977032/multiple-pathological-ocular-findings-in-a-patient-with-phace-syndrome
#13
Elif Demirkilinc Biler, Onder Uretmen
The authors describe a 2-year-old girl diagnosed as having posterior fossa malformations, hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, and eye abnormalities (PHACE) syndrome that presented with a large facial hemangioma of the forehead and eyelid, ptosis, microphthalmia, persistent pupillary membrane and pupillary ectopia, congenital oculomotor nerve palsy of the affected eye, and bilateral optic disc dysplasia. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016;53:e72-e74.].
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873347/infantile-hemangioma-with-minimal-or-arrested-growth-further-observations-on-clinical-and-histopathologic-findings-of-this-unique-but-underrecognized-entity
#14
Ellen Hui Ma, Susan J Robertson, Chung W Chow, Philip S Bekhor
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) with minimal or arrested growth (IH-MAG) is becoming increasingly recognized in the literature. It is important to be aware of their existence, because the correct diagnosis is essential for prognostication and treatment and, in the case of facial segmental lesions, the direction of further investigations if PHACE (posterior fossa abnormalities and other structural brain abnormalities; hemangioma(s) of the cervical facial region; arterial cerebrovascular anomalies; cardiac defects, aortic coarctation, and other aortic abnormalities; eye anomalies) syndrome or Sturge-Weber syndrome is suspected...
January 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759656/umbilical-cord-and-visceral-hemangiomas-diagnosed-in-the-neonatal-period-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Alicia Iglesias-Deus, Alejandro Pérez-Muñuzuri, Adela Urisarri, Adolfo Bautista-Casasnovas, Maria-Luz Couce
BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord hemangioma is very rare and may not be detected prenatally. However, it should be considered in differential diagnosis with other umbilical masses because it can cause significant morbidity. METHODS: We report the case of a newborn referred with suspected omphalitis and umbilical hernia. RESULTS: Physical examination showed an irreducible umbilical tumor, the size of olive, with dubious secretion. The initial suspected diagnosis was urachal or omphalomesenteric duct remnants...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508950/prenatally-diagnosed-fetal-tumors-of-the-head-and-neck-a-systematic-review-with-antenatal-and-postnatal-outcomes-over-the-past-20-years
#16
REVIEW
Gabriele Tonni, Roberta Granese, Eduardo Félix Martins Santana, José Pedro Parise Filho, Isabela Bottura, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Annamaria Giacobbe, Andrea Azzerboni, Edward Araujo Júnior
AIM: The aim of this study was to review prenatally diagnosed tumors of the head and neck in the fetus and to report antenatal and postnatal outcomes. METHODS: PubMed/Medline, EMBASE/SCOPUS, Cochrane database and Google Scholar were reviewed over the last 20 years. No language or article type restriction was used. RESULTS: A total of 1940 record were retrieved. Of the 713 records screened, 566 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501333/preoperative-navigated-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-patients-with-motor-eloquent-lesions-with-emphasis-on-metastasis
#17
Philipp Hendrix, Sebastian Senger, Christoph J Griessenauer, Andreas Simgen, Karsten Schwerdtfeger, Joachim Oertel
Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is a frequently used, non-invasive method to map the motor cortex. It is of great value in the preoperative workup of patients that suffer from motor eloquent brain lesions. Here, we present a single-center experience using preoperative nTMS in cortical motor eloquent lesions with emphasis on metastasis. All patients that underwent preoperative nTMS between June 2013 and January 2016 were evaluated. A total of 61 patients underwent nTMS before undergoing surgery for a motor eloquent brain lesion...
October 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257371/ocular-manifestations-of-sturge-weber-syndrome-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-management
#18
REVIEW
Flavio Mantelli, Alice Bruscolini, Maurizio La Cava, Solmaz Abdolrahimzadeh, Alessandro Lambiase
Sturge-Weber syndrome has been included in the group of phakomatoses that is characterized by hamartomas involving the brain, skin, and eyes. The characteristic facial port-wine stain, involving the first branch of the trigeminal nerve and the embryonic vasculature distribution in this area, leads to several ocular complications of the anterior segment and can involve the eyelids and conjunctiva. The posterior segment of the eyes is also affected with diffuse choroidal hemangiomas. However, the most frequent ocular comorbidity is glaucoma with a prevalence rate ranging from 30%-70%...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215002/ophthalmic-profile-and-systemic-features-of-pediatric-facial-nerve-palsy
#19
Preeti Patil-Chhablani, Sowmya Murthy, Meenakshi Swaminathan
BACKGROUND: Facial nerve palsy (FNP) occurs less frequently in children as compared to adults but most cases are secondary to an identifiable cause. These children may have a variety of ocular and systemic features associated with the palsy and need detailed ophthalmic and systemic evaluation. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of all the cases of FNP below the age of 16 years, presenting to a tertiary ophthalmic hospital over the period of 9 years, from January 2000 to December 2008...
December 2015: Eye Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125518/phace-syndrome-is-associated-with-intracranial-cavernous-malformations
#20
Kimberly A Foster, William J Ares, Zachary J Tempel, Andrew A McCormick, Ashok Panigrahy, Lorelei J Grunwaldt, Stephanie Greene
INTRODUCTION: PHACE syndrome is a neurocutaneous disorder involving large facial hemangiomas in association with posterior fossa abnormalities, cerebral arterial anomalies, cardiac defects, and eye abnormalities. A recent consensus statement has delineated criteria necessary for the diagnosis of PHACE syndrome. Extracutaneous manifestations of PHACE syndrome predominately affect the cerebrovascular system. To date, there are no reports of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) in children with PHACE syndrome...
August 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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