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Hemangioma—vascular malformation

Santosh G Honavar, Fairooz P Manjandavida
The aim of this review article is to provide an update of the current literature on orbital tumors. The authors conducted a PubMed literature search of English language articles published between January 2014 and December 2016 using the following search items: orbit, tumors, lacrimal gland, lymphoma, hemangioma, lymphangioma. The authors included reviews, original articles, case series, and case reports with relevant new information. There is new information about the clinical spectrum of orbital tumors, capillary hemangioma, cavernous hemangioma, lymphangioma, orbital venous malformation, lacrimal gland tumors, and orbital lymphoma...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Anupam Jayaram, Liza M Cohen, Gary S Lissner, Achilles G Karagianis
The purpose of this study is to examine orbital lesions identified on preoperative radiologic imaging as cavernous venous malformations (CVMs), identify their imaging characteristics, and determine if these may help differentiate CVMs from other intraorbital masses. An IRB-approved retrospective chart review over 30 years was undertaken identifying lesions "consistent with cavernous hemangioma" on radiologic studies, which were subsequently surgically resected with a tissue diagnosis. All radiologic images (CT and MRI) obtained preoperatively were re-reviewed by a single masked neuroradiologist...
April 3, 2017: Orbit
C Velter, C Gronier, D Lipsker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Usman Javaid, Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Samreen Jamal, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
PURPOSE: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a condition which includes leptomeningeal hemangioma, facial angiomatosis or nevus flammeus, and ocular changes. SWS can lead to severe complications of anterior segment involving conjunctiva and eyelids, whereas posterior segment of the eye may also be affected by diffuse choroidal hemorrhages. This article was written with the objectives to determine the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of glaucoma associated with this rare and challenging disorder...
January 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
Elif Demirkilinc Biler, Onder Uretmen
The authors describe a 2-year-old girl diagnosed as having posterior fossa malformations, hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, and eye abnormalities (PHACE) syndrome that presented with a large facial hemangioma of the forehead and eyelid, ptosis, microphthalmia, persistent pupillary membrane and pupillary ectopia, congenital oculomotor nerve palsy of the affected eye, and bilateral optic disc dysplasia. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016;53:e72-e74.].
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Ellen Hui Ma, Susan J Robertson, Chung W Chow, Philip S Bekhor
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) with minimal or arrested growth (IH-MAG) is becoming increasingly recognized in the literature. It is important to be aware of their existence, because the correct diagnosis is essential for prognostication and treatment and, in the case of facial segmental lesions, the direction of further investigations if PHACE (posterior fossa abnormalities and other structural brain abnormalities; hemangioma(s) of the cervical facial region; arterial cerebrovascular anomalies; cardiac defects, aortic coarctation, and other aortic abnormalities; eye anomalies) syndrome or Sturge-Weber syndrome is suspected...
January 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Alicia Iglesias-Deus, Alejandro Pérez-Muñuzuri, Adela Urisarri, Adolfo Bautista-Casasnovas, Maria-Luz Couce
BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord hemangioma is very rare and may not be detected prenatally. However, it should be considered in differential diagnosis with other umbilical masses because it can cause significant morbidity. METHODS: We report the case of a newborn referred with suspected omphalitis and umbilical hernia. RESULTS: Physical examination showed an irreducible umbilical tumor, the size of olive, with dubious secretion. The initial suspected diagnosis was urachal or omphalomesenteric duct remnants...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Gabriele Tonni, Roberta Granese, Eduardo Félix Martins Santana, José Pedro Parise Filho, Isabela Bottura, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Annamaria Giacobbe, Andrea Azzerboni, Edward Araujo Júnior
AIM: The aim of this study was to review prenatally diagnosed tumors of the head and neck in the fetus and to report antenatal and postnatal outcomes. METHODS: PubMed/Medline, EMBASE/SCOPUS, Cochrane database and Google Scholar were reviewed over the last 20 years. No language or article type restriction was used. RESULTS: A total of 1940 record were retrieved. Of the 713 records screened, 566 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Philipp Hendrix, Sebastian Senger, Christoph J Griessenauer, Andreas Simgen, Karsten Schwerdtfeger, Joachim Oertel
Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is a frequently used, non-invasive method to map the motor cortex. It is of great value in the preoperative workup of patients that suffer from motor eloquent brain lesions. Here, we present a single-center experience using preoperative nTMS in cortical motor eloquent lesions with emphasis on metastasis. All patients that underwent preoperative nTMS between June 2013 and January 2016 were evaluated. A total of 61 patients underwent nTMS before undergoing surgery for a motor eloquent brain lesion...
October 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Flavio Mantelli, Alice Bruscolini, Maurizio La Cava, Solmaz Abdolrahimzadeh, Alessandro Lambiase
Sturge-Weber syndrome has been included in the group of phakomatoses that is characterized by hamartomas involving the brain, skin, and eyes. The characteristic facial port-wine stain, involving the first branch of the trigeminal nerve and the embryonic vasculature distribution in this area, leads to several ocular complications of the anterior segment and can involve the eyelids and conjunctiva. The posterior segment of the eyes is also affected with diffuse choroidal hemangiomas. However, the most frequent ocular comorbidity is glaucoma with a prevalence rate ranging from 30%-70%...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Preeti Patil-Chhablani, Sowmya Murthy, Meenakshi Swaminathan
BACKGROUND: Facial nerve palsy (FNP) occurs less frequently in children as compared to adults but most cases are secondary to an identifiable cause. These children may have a variety of ocular and systemic features associated with the palsy and need detailed ophthalmic and systemic evaluation. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of all the cases of FNP below the age of 16 years, presenting to a tertiary ophthalmic hospital over the period of 9 years, from January 2000 to December 2008...
December 2015: Eye Science
Kimberly A Foster, William J Ares, Zachary J Tempel, Andrew A McCormick, Ashok Panigrahy, Lorelei J Grunwaldt, Stephanie Greene
INTRODUCTION: PHACE syndrome is a neurocutaneous disorder involving large facial hemangiomas in association with posterior fossa abnormalities, cerebral arterial anomalies, cardiac defects, and eye abnormalities. A recent consensus statement has delineated criteria necessary for the diagnosis of PHACE syndrome. Extracutaneous manifestations of PHACE syndrome predominately affect the cerebrovascular system. To date, there are no reports of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) in children with PHACE syndrome...
August 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Yong Zeng, Ying-Chuan Fan, Yang Liu, Ling Wan
The cases of Wyburn-Mason syndrome reported in recent years have been professional and significant. However, most of the reports focus on retinal lesions and few demonstrate the disorder of the brain; thus, to the best of the authors' knowledge, there is no effective method to cure the retinal lesions at this time. Racemose hemangioma in the ocular fundus is easy for an ophthalmologist to detect, and once this is identified, the ophthalmologist should closely monitor the patient's brain. In this report, the authors present a typical case of Wyburn-Mason syndrome to underline the importance of neuroradiological examinations for this disease...
April 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Davide Nasi, Lucia di Somma, Maurizio Iacoangeli, Valentina Liverotti, Antonio Zizzi, Mauro Dobran, Maurizio Gladi, Massimo Scerrati
INTRODUCTION: Cavernous hemangioma of the skull is a rare pathological diagnosis, accounting for 0.2% of bone tumors and 7% of skull tumors. Usually calvarial bone cavernous hemangioma are associated with a benign clinical course and, despite their enlargement and subsequent erosion of the surrounding bone, the inner table of the skull remains intact and the lesion is completely extracranial. PRESENTATION OF A CASE: The authors present the unique case of a huge left frontal bone cavernous malformation with intradural extension and brain compression determining a right hemiparesis...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Vikash S Oza, Dana F Feigenbaum, Cyril Jacquot, Christopher P Hess, Dawn Siegel, Ilona J Frieden
This report describes the clinical, radiologic, and autopsy findings of a newborn with PHACE syndrome (posterior fossa malformations, hemangioma, arterial anomalies, cardiac defects, and eye anomalies) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. To our knowledge, the concurrence of these conditions has not been reported in the literature.
April 4, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Mark D Mamlouk, John-Paul J Yu, Sarah Asch, Erin F Mathes
PHACE syndrome is a rare neurocutaneous disorder characterized by posterior fossa malformations, hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, cardiac defects, and abnormalities of the eye. Thyroid disorders associated with PHACE syndrome have been described, although there are limited reports of this rare occurrence. We report a case of PHACE syndrome with congenital hypothyroidism in an infant, for which absent thyroid gland was diagnosed at magnetic resonance imaging.
March 2016: Clinical Imaging
Takuo Murakami, Dai Ogata, Kyohei Miyano, Tetsuya Tsuchida
INTRODUCTION: Intramuscular venous malformations have been previously described as intramuscular hemangiomas, and various therapies have been applied for their treatment. This condition is relatively rare, and therefore, physicians often struggle to determine the appropriate therapy. We presented a case of an enlarged intramuscular venous malformation relapsed after surgery successfully treated with complete resection. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We presented a case of an enlarged intramuscular venous malformation with postoperative recurrence successfully treated with complete resection...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Naoko Ose, Yuko Kobori, Yukiyasu Takeuchi, Yoshiyuki Susaki, Seiji Taniguchi, Hajime Maeda
Cavernous hemangioma is not a neoplasm, but rather a congenital venous malformation with the potential to develop in all parts of the body, though it is very rarely seen in the thymus. We report a case of cavernous hemangioma in the thymus partially resected. A 71-year-old woman presented with pericardial discomfort, and chest computed tomography (CT) showed a left lateral mediastinal mass which was 2.0 × 1.2 × 1.8 cm in size, with border regularity and without calcification. Its interior was partially enhanced...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Luciano Mastronardi, Ettore Carpineta, Guglielmo Cacciotti, Ettore Di Scipio, Raffaelino Roperto
Cavernous angiomas originating in the internal auditory canal are very rare. In the available literature, only 65 cases of cavernomas in this location have been previously reported. We describe the case of a 22-year-old woman surgically treated for a cavernous hemangioma in the left internal auditory canal, mimicking on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging MRI an acoustic neuroma. Neurological symptoms were hypoacusia and dizziness. The cavernous angioma encased the seventh and, partially, the eighth cranial nerve complex...
April 2016: Neurosurgical Review
Gérard Lorette, Dominique Goga, Anne Le Touze, Annabel Maruani, Denis Herbreteau
Hemangiomas are benign tumors that occur after a few days of life. The capillary malformations are isolated or constitute part of a complex angiomatosis. Venous malformations are low flow malformations with a blue color. They are of different types. The arteriovenous malformations are high flow lesions. They are difficult to treat. Lymphatic malformations are micro- or macrocystic. MRI is the gold standard for explorations. Some patients undergo maxillofacial surgical procedures and interventional radiology techniques for venous malformations, macrocystic lymphatic malformations, arteriovenous malformations...
February 2016: La Presse Médicale
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