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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727944/computer-based-case-simulations-for-assessment-in-health-care-a-literature-review-of-validity-evidence
#1
Robyn C Ward, Timothy J Muckle, Michael J Kremer, Mary Anne Krogh
Simulation for education and training in health-care professions has been widely applied. However, its value as an assessment tool for competence is not fully known. Logistical barriers of simulation-based assessments have led some health-care organizations to utilize computer-based case simulations (CCSs) for assessment. This article provides a review of the literature on the identification of psychometrically sound, CCS instruments designed to measure decision-making competence in health-care professionals...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#2
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723811/the-afya-bora-fellowship-an-innovative-program-focused-on-creating-an-interprofessional-network-of-leaders-in-global-health
#3
Wendy M Green, Carey Farquhar, Yohana Mashalla
PROBLEM: Most current health professions education programs are focused on the development of clinical skills. As a result, they may not address the complex and interconnected nature of global health. Trainees require relevant clinical, programmatic, and leadership skills to meet the challenges of practicing in an increasingly globalized environment. APPROACH: To develop health care leaders within sub-Saharan Africa, the Afya Bora Consortium developed a one-year fellowship for medical doctors and nurses...
July 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720924/overview-of-faculty-development-programs-for-interprofessional-education
#4
REVIEW
Anna Ratka, Joseph A Zorek, Susan M Meyer
Objectives. To describe characteristics of faculty development programs designed to facilitate interprofessional education, and to compile recommendations for development, delivery, and assessment of such faculty development programs. Methods. MEDLINE, CINAHL, ERIC, and Web of Science databases were searched using three keywords: faculty development, interprofessional education, and health professions. Articles meeting inclusion criteria were analyzed for emergent themes, including program design, delivery, participants, resources, and assessment...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720923/a-narrative-review-of-medication-adherence-educational-interventions-for-health-professions-students
#5
REVIEW
Matthew J Witry, Michelle LaFever, Xiaomei Gu
Objective. To review published educational interventions focusing on medication non-adherence. Methods. A literature search was performed of educational articles on the topic of medication adherence. Data on interventions and learning assessments were abstracted for relevant studies meeting search criteria. Results. Twenty studies met inclusion criteria. Sixteen included pill-taking experiences with regimens of candies or placebos and varied in their inclusion of novel elements to highlight issues such as stigma, regimen complexity, and adherence measurement...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720922/transformation-of-an-online-multidisciplinary-course-into-a-live-interprofessional-experience
#6
Carrie Sincak, James Gunn, Christine Conroy, Kathy Komperda, Kevin Van Kanegan, Nathaniel Krumdick, Michelle Lee, Preetha Kanjirath, Kelly Lempicki, Kurt Heinking, Jacqueline Spiegel
Objective. To design, implement, and assess an interprofessional education (IPE) course in the first professional year of students enrolled in eight different health professions programs. Design. An interprofessional faculty committee created a 1-credit hour required IPE course to not only teach students about the roles and responsibilities of each discipline and how they may contribute to an interprofessional team, but to also improve collaboration and team-based communication skills among health care professions students...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714187/a-critique-of-utilitarian-and-instrumentalist-concepts-for-the-teaching-of-gross-anatomy-to-medical-and-dental-students-an-opinion-piece
#7
Bernard J Moxham, Diogo Pais
Medical and dental curricula, together with anatomical sciences courses, are increasingly having to change, mainly because there is a drive to being what is termed, without adequate definition, 'clinically relevant'. The concept of 'clinical anatomy' has accordingly been invented and it is expected that, at all times, the teaching of anatomy is directly focussed on clinical scenarios, meaning almost invariably the 'disease-based model of medicine and dentistry'. Furthermore, students are not expected to have a detailed knowledge of gross anatomy and the time devoted to teaching and learning the subject has decreased significantly...
July 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704289/beyond-fidelity-deconstructing-the-seductive-simplicity-of-fidelity-in-simulator-based-education-in-the-health-care-professions
#8
Jordan Richard Schoenherr, Stanley J Hamstra
Fidelity has become a ubiquitous feature of discourse in simulation studies. Recent studies have highlighted the often ambiguous and contradictory manner in which fidelity has been defined, with each definition emphasizing different physical and functional features of simulation. We suggest that regarding fidelity as an objective property of a simulation obscures the interactive nature of the educator-learner relationship and should be abandoned. Rather than conceiving training as tasks performed by an individual in isolation, we suggest that it is more accurately understood as the social learning of affordances...
April 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702089/diabetes-educator-role-boundaries-in-australia-a-documentary-analysis
#9
Olivia King, Susan Nancarrow, Sandra Grace, Alan Borthwick
BACKGROUND: Diabetes educators provide self-management education for people living with diabetes to promote optimal health and wellbeing. Their national association is the Australian Diabetes Educators Association (ADEA), established in 1981. In Australia the diabetes educator workforce is a diverse, interdisciplinary entity, with nurses, podiatrists, dietitians and several other health professional groups recognised by ADEA as providers of diabetes education. Historically nurses have filled the diabetes educator role and anecdotally, nurses are perceived to have wider scope of practice when undertaking the diabetes educator role than the other professions eligible to practise diabetes education...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693889/barefoot-doctors-and-the-health-care-revolution-in-rural-china-a-study-centered-on-shandong-province
#10
Sanchun Xu, Danian Hu
Barefoot doctors were rural medical personnel trained en masse, whose emergence and development had a particular political, economic, social, and cultural background. Like the rural cooperative medical care system, the barefoot doctor was a well-known phenomenon in the Cultural Revolution. Complicated regional differences and a lack of reliable sources create much difficulty for the study of barefoot doctors and result in differing opinions of their status and importance. Some scholars greatly admire barefoot doctors, whereas others harshly criticize them...
July 7, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693545/competence-profiles-in-undergraduate-dental-education-a-comparison-between-theory-and-reality
#11
Sebastiaan Koole, Shani Van Den Brulle, Véronique Christiaens, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn
BACKGROUND: Competence profiles are purposed to provide a blueprint in support to develop and/or benchmark the learning outcomes of undergraduate dental curricula. This study aims to investigate whether a competence profile as proposed by academic- and clinical experts is able to represent the real clinical reality. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed including questions about gender and age, perception about required competences, and educational organisation and was distributed among Flemish dentists via email and on paper during a symposium...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691003/leadership-development-of-rehabilitation-professionals-in-a-low-resource-country-a-transformational-leadership-project-based-model
#12
Maureen Romanow Pascal, Monika Mann, Kim Dunleavy, Julia Chevan, Liliane Kirenga, Assuman Nuhu
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: This paper presents an overview of the activities and outcomes of the Leadership Institute (LI), a short-term leadership development professional development course offered to physiotherapists in a low-resource country. Previous studies have provided examples of the benefits of such programs in medicine and nursing, but this has yet to be documented in the rehabilitation literature. The prototype of leadership development presented may provide guidance for similar trainings in other low-resource countries and offer the rehabilitation community an opportunity to build on the model to construct a research agenda around rehabilitation leadership development...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688969/the-steinberg-centre-for-simulation-and-interactive-learning-at-mcgill-university
#13
Carmen L Mueller, Genevieve Cyr, Ilana Bank, Farhan Bhanji, Laura Birnbaum, Miriam Boillat, Marie-Eve Bolduc, Jeffrey Chankowsky, Evelyn Constantin, Beth-Ann Cummings, Rachel Fisher, Philippe Legault, N Hugo Marchand, Luis Monton, Teresa Rudkin, Bayane Sabsabi, Niki Soilis, Daniel Zigman, Rajesh Aggarwal
Simulation allows for learner-centered health professions training by providing a safe environment to practice and make mistakes without jeopardizing patient care. It was with this goal in mind that the McGill Medical Simulation Center was officially opened on September 14, 2006, as a partnership between McGill University, the Faculty of Medicine and its affiliated hospitals. Its mandate is to provide state-of-the-art facilities to support simulation-based medical and allied health education initiatives. Since its inception, the center, recently renamed the Steinberg Center for Simulation and Interactive Learning (SCSIL), has undergone a major expansion and logged more than 130,000 learner visits...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686508/an-evaluation-of-a-collaborative-course-for-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-professionals
#14
Thiago Blanco-Vieira, Wagner Silva Ribeiro, Edith Lauridsen-Ribeiro, Daniel Graça Fatori de Sá, Sonia Maria Motta Palma, Marcos Vinícius Vieira Ribeiro, Sheila Cavalcante Caetano, Fernando Augusto da Cunha Ramos, Maria Conceição do Rosário
There is a considerable gap between the offer and the demand for mental health treatment of children and adolescents, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Permanent education in these countries is a promising and needed strategy to reduce this gap. This study was designed to evaluate the perceived impact of an educational intervention for child and adolescent mental health professionals in Brazil, the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Specialization Course (CESMIA). The intervention consisted of a 360-hour interprofessional postgraduation course...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686484/nursing-and-medical-students-teaming-up-results-of-an-interprofessional-project
#15
Rebecca A Feather, Douglas E Carr, Derrick M Garletts, Deanna L Reising
Health professions programmes are increasing the number of interprofessional events in their curricula. Many of these programmes are grounded in case study or simulation events in order to prepare students for eventual practice. We designed an interprofessional education collaborative practice (IPECP) that provides direct interprofessional practice experience while students are still in their health profession programmes. In our programme, teams of senior baccalaureate nursing and third-year medical students provided health coaching to patients in need of chronic disease management...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685632/twelve-tips-for-delivering-successful-interprofessional-case-conferences
#16
Bridget C O'Brien, Shalini R Patel, Meg Pearson, Abigail P Eastburn, Gillian E Earnest, Anna Strewler, Krista Gager, Jennifer K Manuel, Maya Dulay, Melissa R Bachhuber, Rebecca Shunk
Interprofessional case conferences (ICCs) offer an interactive, practical way to engage members of two or more health professions in discussions that involve learning and working together to improve patient care. Well-orchestrated ICCs provide opportunities to integrate interprofessional (IP) education into routine clinical practice. The authors provide 12 tips to support the conceptualization, planning, implementation, facilitation, evaluation, and sustainability of ICCs. They draw from extensive experience as IP educators and facilitators of ICCs and from literature on IP education, case-based learning, small-group facilitation, peer-assisted learning, and learner engagement - all of which offer insights into ICCs but have not been integrated and applied to this context...
July 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681652/building-an-environmentally-accountable-medical-curriculum-through-international-collaboration
#17
Sarah Catherine Walpole, Aditya Vyas, Janie Maxwell, Ben J Canny, Robert Woollard, Caroline Wellbery, Kathleen E Leedham-Green, Peter Musaeus, Uzma Tufail-Hanif, Karina Pavão Patrício, Hanna-Andrea Rother
BACKGROUND: Global environmental change is associated with significant health threats. The medical profession can address this challenge through advocacy, health system adaptation and workforce preparedness. Stewardship of health systems with attention to their environmental impacts can contribute to mitigation of and adaptation to negative health impacts of environmental change. Medical schools have an integral role in training doctors who understand the interdependence of ecosystems and human health...
July 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680362/medical-biochemistry-as-subdiscipline-of-laboratory-medicine-in-serbia
#18
Snežana Jovičić, Nada Majkić-Singh
Medical biochemistry is the usual name for clinical biochemistry or clinical chemistry in Serbia, and medical biochemist is the official name for the clinical chemist (or clinical biochemist). This is the largest sub-discipline of the laboratory medicine in Serbia. It includes all aspects of clinical chemistry, and also laboratory hematology with coagulation, immunology, etc. Medical biochemistry laboratories in Serbia and medical biochemists as a profession are part of Health Care System and their activities are regulated through: the Health Care Law and rules issued by the Chamber of Medical Biochemists of Serbia...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679491/effectiveness-of-adaptive-e-learning-environments-on-knowledge-competence-and-behavior-in-health-professionals-and-students-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Guillaume Fontaine, Sylvie Cossette, Marc-André Maheu-Cadotte, Tanya Mailhot, Marie-France Deschênes, Gabrielle Mathieu-Dupuis
BACKGROUND: Adaptive e-learning environments (AEEs) can provide tailored instruction by adapting content, navigation, presentation, multimedia, and tools to each user's navigation behavior, individual objectives, knowledge, and preferences. AEEs can have various levels of complexity, ranging from systems using a simple adaptive functionality to systems using artificial intelligence. While AEEs are promising, their effectiveness for the education of health professionals and health professions students remains unclear...
July 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679304/online-pre-race-education-improves-test-scores-for-volunteers-at-a-marathon
#20
Shane Maxwell, Colleen Renier, Robby Sikka, Luke Widstrom, William Paulson, Trent Christensen, David Olson, Benjamin Nelson
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether an online course would lead to increased knowledge about the medical issues volunteers encounter during a marathon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Health care professionals who volunteered to provide medical coverage for an annual marathon were eligible for the study. Demographic information about medical volunteers including profession, specialty, education level and number of marathons they had volunteered for was collected. A 15-question test about the most commonly encountered medical issues was created by the authors and administered before and after the volunteers took the online educational course and compared to a pilot study the previous year...
July 11, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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