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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145838/mri-characteristics-for-phantom-scratching-in-canine-syringomyelia
#1
Zoe R Nalborczyk, Angus K McFadyen, Jelena Jovanovik, Anna Tauro, Colin J Driver, Noel Fitzpatrick, Susan P Knower, Clare Rusbridge
BACKGROUND: A classic sign of canine syringomyelia (SM) is scratching towards one shoulder. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) we investigate the spinal cord lesion relating to this phenomenon which has characteristics similar to fictive scratch secondary to spinal cord transection. Medical records were searched for Cavalier King Charles spaniels with a clinical and MRI diagnosis of symptomatic SM associated with Chiari-like malformation (CM). The cohort was divided into SM with phantom scratching (19 dogs) and SM but no phantom scratching (18 dogs)...
November 16, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142777/-trajectory-of-lumbar-and-sacral-pedicular-screws-comparison-between-midline-versus-wiltse-approach
#2
Martín Gagliardi, Alfredo Guiroy, Federico Fernández Molina, Francisco Fasano, Alejandro Morales Ciancio, Juan José Mezzadri, Pablo Jalón
Objectives: To compare the posterolateral Wiltse approach and conventional Midline approach in short lumbosacral fusions in terms of the angle of convergence of pedicle screws. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed computed tomography (CT) images of 76 lumbar and sacral pedicular screws that had been placed using a conventional midline approach (CA) (n = 38) and a Wiltse posterolateral approach (WA) (n = 38). All patients underwent short lumbosacral fusions from L3 to S1 for degenerative spinal disease...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135277/somato-visceral-effects-in-the-treatment-of-dysmenorrhea-neuromuscular-manual-therapy-and-standard-pharmacological-treatment
#3
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Annamaria Porreca, Piera Attilia Di Felice, Loris Prosperi, Raoul Saggini
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to verify whether neuromuscular therapy (NMT) or pharmacology therapy (PT) is more effective for reducing symptoms in women affected by primary dysmenorrhea and the effects associated with each treatment. DESIGN: A controlled, randomized, single-blind clinical trial within the framework of the chair of physical medicine and rehabilitation of the University "G. d'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara. The study was conducted on a sample of 60 women suffering from primary dysmenorrhea...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133710/role-of-preoperative-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-primary-diffuse-craniospinal-leptomeningeal-gliomatosis
#4
Jayant Vishal, Rana Patir, Sunita Ahlawat, Rakesh K Gupta
We present an unusual case of primary diffuse craniospinal leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PGDL), who was initially diagnosed on the basis of imaging, laboratory findings, and cranial meningeal biopsy as tuberculous meningitis and showed clinical deterioration while on anti-tuberculous treatment for 2 months. The patient was subsequently correctly diagnosed on diffusion weighted and post-contrast T1-weighted imaging of the craniospinal axis along with whole body imaging. The radiological findings were confirmed on histopathology and immunohistochemistry performed from the previous block as well as biopsy from the nodular mass in the lumbosacral meninges...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133002/clinical-characteristics-of-lumbosacral-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-davf-comparison-to-thoracic-davf
#5
Toshiki Endo, Takumi Kajitani, Tomoo Inoue, Kenichi Sato, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Hidenori Endo, Yasushi Matsumoto, Teiji Tominaga
OBJECTIVE: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) occurs at any spinal level but the clinical characteristics of lumbosacral DAVF have not been well documented. Purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics of lumbosacral DAVF and compare these features to those in thoracic DAVF. METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive patients with 16 thoracic and 9 lumbosacral DAVF were included (mean age, 63.9 years; twenty men). All patients presented with progressive myelopathy...
November 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131086/intracranial-epidural-haematoma-following-surgical-removal-of-a-giant-lumbosacral-schwannoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Jakob Nemir, Vjerislav Peterković, Ines Trninić, Ivan Domazet, Hrvoje Barić, Miroslav Vukić
Postoperative intracranial epidural haematoma (EDH) is an extremely rare complication following spinal surgery, with only a handful of cases described in the literature. We report the case of a 16-year-old girl who underwent a successful subtotal resection of a giant lumbosacral schwannoma (L2-S2 level). Recovery from general anaesthesia was uneventful; however, her neurological status deteriorated rapidly within 24 h after surgery. A head computed tomography scan revealed a large right frontoparietal EDH with midline shift...
November 11, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130653/-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-posterior-distal-injury-of-pelvic-fracture
#7
REVIEW
Zhen Tan, Guang-Lin Wang
Pelvic fracture is one of the common diseases of traumatic orthopedics. With the increase of accidents such as traffic accidents,high craters and crush injuries in China,the incidence of pelvic fractures is also increasing year by year. Since pelvic bones and the ligament structure are close to neurovascular,cavity organs and the urogenital structure,early diagnosis and treatment of pelvic fractures is essential for preventing early complications and late sequelae. The treatment of pelvic ring injury has been the focus of pelvic fracture treatment,which determines the outcome of treatment...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124468/mortality-following-benign-sacral-insufficiency-fracture-and-associated-risk-factors
#8
Jae-Woo Park, Sang-Min Park, Hui Jong Lee, Choon-Ki Lee, Bong-Soon Chang, Hyoungmin Kim
This study demonstrated increased mortality following sacral insufficiency fractures as with other major osteoporotic fractures. The 6-month mortality rate was 9.8%, the 1-year mortality rate was 17.5%, and the 3-year mortality rate was 25.5%. Sex- and age-adjusted standardized mortality ratio increased after fractures. INTRODUCTION: There are no data about mortality after sacral insufficiency fractures. The purposes of this study were to investigate the mortality rate among sacral insufficiency fracture patients and to identify risk factors associated with mortality...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122318/corrigendum-to-quantitative-models-of-feline-lumbosacral-dorsal-root-ganglia-neuronal-cell-density-j-neurosci-methods-290-2017-116-124
#9
Anastasia K Ostrowski, Zachariah J Sperry, Grant Kulik, Tim M Bruns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112509/association-between-sensorimotor-impairments-and-functional-brain-changes-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-critical-review
#10
Nina Goossens, Sofie Rummens, Lotte Janssens, Karen Caeyenberghs, Simon Brumagne
Low back pain (LBP) coincides with sensorimotor impairments, e.g., reduced lumbosacral tactile and proprioceptive acuity and postural control deficits. Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies suggest that sensorimotor impairments in LBP may be associated with brain changes. However, no consensus exists regarding the relationship between functional brain changes and sensorimotor behavior in LBP. Therefore, this review critically discusses the available fMRI studies on brain activation related to non-nociceptive somatosensory stimulation and motor performance in individuals with LBP...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112006/modified-lumbosacral-angle-and-modified-pelvic-incidence-as-new-parameters-for-management-of-pediatric-high-grade-spondylolisthesis
#11
Zhenjiang Ma, Changqing Zhao, Kai Zhang, Lin Du, Jianping Tian, Xiaojiang Sun, Jie Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to introduce new parameters that can better describe the pelvic morphology and lumbosacral segmental deformity in children with high-grade spondylolisthesis of the L5 vertebra: modified pelvic incidence (mPI) and modified lumbosacral angle (mLSA). Also, we aimed to establish the mLSA as a convenient, reliable measurement method and criteria to evaluate the reduction of L5 vertebral slippage. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Numerous parameters and methods exist to evaluate segmental deformity and reduction of L5 vertebral slippage, but no definitive standard for accurately and conveniently describing lumbosacral kyphosis and degree of reduction exists...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110997/spinal-nerve-involvement-in-early-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-the-haymaker-and-kernohan-s-legacy
#12
REVIEW
José Berciano
Pathological studies of early Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), defined as of 10days of disease onset, are scanty making it difficult to interpret the physiopathology of clinical and electrophysiological features. In 1949, Webb Haymaker and James Kernohan reported 50 clinico-pathological studies of fatal GBS cases, 32 of them having died between days 2 and 10 after onset. They established that the brunt of initial lesions, consisting of endoneurial oedema interpreted as degenerative, relied on spinal nerves. That this oedema was inflammatory was soon thereafter recognized...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109945/lumbosacral-soft-tissue-mass-in-a-newborn-a-clinical-case-with-a-difficult-diagnosis
#13
Simone Ceratto, Maria Eleonora Basso, Francesco Savino
Many types of dorsal neoplasm of early infancy are described in literature ranging from benign to aggressive. Some are more common while others quite unusual. Here, we describe a newborn with a lumbosacral soft tissue mass. Positivity of S-100 and vimentin was compatible with the neural cell line and the high proliferation rate of major activity cells (biopsy Ki67 20%) suggests an aggressive nature. An exclusively surgical approach was chosen and no clinical or radiological signs of recurrence have been observed after 2 years of follow-up...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105787/kinematic-behavior-of-a-novel-pedicle-screw-rod-fixation-system-for-the-canine-lumbosacral-joint
#14
Claudia Zindl, Alan S Litsky, Noel Fitzpatrick, Matthew J Allen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the biomechanical behavior of a novel distraction-stabilization system, consisting of an intervertebral distraction bolt, polyaxial screws, and connecting rods, in the canine lumbosacral spine. STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Cadaveric canine lumbosacral spines (L4-Cd3) (N = 8). METHODS: Cadaveric lumbosacral spines were harvested, stripped of musculature, mounted on a 4-point bending jig, and tested in extension, flexion, and lateral bending using nondestructive compressive axial loads (0-150 N)...
November 6, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102753/presacral-tarlov-cyst-as-an-unusual-cause-of-abdominal-pain-new-cases-and-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Baichuan Wang, Feifei Pu, Qiang Wu, Zhicai Zhang, Zengwu Shao
BACKGROUND: The etiology of abdominal pain is sometimes difficult to be defined. A presacral Tarlov cyst is an unusual cause of abdominal pain. The unusual location of a presacral Tarlov cyst can lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. To guide the appropriate diagnosis and treatment, we review the cause, clinical presentations, radiological features and management options of this extremely rare lesion. METHODS: We performed an English-language literature search using Pubmed and internet searching to identify reports of patients with presacral Tarlov cysts...
November 1, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098646/failed-back-surgery-syndrome-a-new-strategy-by-the-epidural-injection-of-mesna
#16
M Carassiti, A Di Martino, A Centonze, C C Quattrocchi, A Caldaria, F Agrò, V Denaro
PURPOSE: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of MESNA (sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate) injection into the epidural space in the FBSS. METHODS: We designed a prospective phase II longitudinal study. Six consecutive patients were enrolled. Patients underwent one peridural injection per week for 3 weeks. NRS and ODI were investigated before and 48 h after injections, and at 1 week, 1 month and 2 months after the last procedures. Opioids intake is investigated before procedures and 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after the last procedures...
November 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096888/fetal-surgical-repair-with-placenta-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-engineered-patch-in-a-rodent-model-of-myelomeningocele
#17
Y Julia Chen, Karen Chung, Christopher Pivetti, Lee Lankford, Sandra K Kabagambe, Melissa Vanover, James Becker, Chelsey Lee, Josephine Tsang, Aijun Wang, Diana L Farmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of fetal surgical repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) in a rodent model using human placental mesenchymal stromal cells (PMSCs) seeded onto extracellular matrix (ECM) and to characterize the resulting changes in spinal cord tissue. METHODS: Fetal rodents with retinoic acid (RA) induced MMC underwent surgical repair of the MMC defect using an ECM patch on embryonic age (EA) 19 and were collected via caesarean section on EA 21...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093778/incorporation-of-whole-spine-screening-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging-protocols-for-low-back-pain-a-valuable-addition
#18
Akhilesh Rao, Atul Mishra, Yayati Pimpalwar, Ravinder Sahdev, Neha Yadu
Study Design: A retrospective review of lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies conducted at the Department of Radiodiagnosis & Imaging of a Tertiary Care Armed Forces Hospital between May 2014 and May 2016. Purpose: To assess the advantages of incorporating sagittal screening of the whole spine in protocols for conventional lumbar spine MRI for patients presenting with low back pain. Overview of Literature: Advances in MRI have resulted in faster examinations, particularly for patients with low back pain...
October 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076826/a-lumbosacral-plexopathy-compressed-by-huge-uterine-myoma
#19
Sung Jong Lee, Bo Young Hong, Joo Hee Yoon, Joon Sung Kim, Seong Hoon Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076468/-percutaneous-endoscopic-discectomy-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-degenerative-diseases-of-the-lumbosacral-spine
#20
N A Konovalov, D S Asyutin, V A Korolishin, I U Cherkiev, B A Zakirov
Modern surgery uses a variety of treatments for spine pathology. Endoscopic techniques have become particularly popular across the world over the past decade. In this article, we summarize our experience and analyze the immediate and long-term results of surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation using a percutaneous fully endoscopic technique for removing the herniated intervertebral disc, which is new for Russian medical practice. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic discectomy in the treatment of herniated lumbar discs in patients with radicular pain syndrome...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
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