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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137073/incidence-of-c5-nerve-root-palsy-after-cervical-surgery-a-meta-analysis-for-last-decade
#1
Tao Wang, Hui Wang, Sen Liu, Wen-Yuan Ding
PURPOSE: We aim to perform a meta-analysis on incidence of C5 nerve root palsy (C5 palsy) for patients after cervical surgery. METHODS: An extensive search of the literature was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane library, CNKI, and WANFANG databases on incidence of C5 palsy from January 2007 to January 2017. Prevalence of C5 palsy related to different surgery methods was calculated and data analysis was conducted with STATA 12.0. RESULTS: A total of 61 studies containing 721 patients with C5 palsy in total 11,481 patients (6...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134229/decursin-and-decursinol-angelate-molecular-mechanism-and-therapeutic-potential-in-inflammatory-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Adeeb Shehzad, Sajida Parveen, Munibah Qureshi, Fazli Subhan, Young Sup Lee
Epidemiological studies have shown that inflammation plays a critical role in the development and progression of various chronic diseases, including cancers, neurological diseases, hepatic fibrosis, diabetic retinopathy, and vascular diseases. Decursin and decursinol angelate (DA) are pyranocoumarin compounds obtained from the roots of Angelica gigas. Several studies have described the anti-inflammatory effects of decursin and DA. Decursin and DA have shown potential anti-inflammatory activity by modulating growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor, transcription factors such as signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, cellular enzymes including matrix metalloproteinases cyclooxygenase, and protein kinases such as extracellular receptor kinase, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, and protein kinase C...
November 13, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129125/clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-highly-conformal-supine-hybrid-forward-and-inverse-planned-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-technique-for-craniospinal-irradiation
#3
Safia K Ahmed, Jon J Kruse, Thomas B Bradley, Chris J Beltran, Nadia N Issa Laack
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the clinical efficacy and safety of a highly conformal, supine, hybrid forward and inverse planned intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) technique for photon craniospinal irradiation (CSI). METHODS: Patients who received supine, hybrid IMRT CSI from 2009 to 2014 were included in this retrospective review. Clinical target volume (CTV) was defined as intracranial contents and thecal sac, including nerve roots. Dose was prescribed such that >99% of CTV received >99% of prescription and >95% of the planning target volume received >95% of prescription, with no attempt to include vertebral bodies...
November 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125113/ultrasound-guided-selective-cervical-nerve-root-block-plus-superficial-cervical-plexus-block-for-minimally-invasive-parathyroidectomy
#4
Xu Li, Min-Na Li, Xu-Lei Cui, Shu-Ai Tang, Ya Hu, Quan Liao, Yu-Guang Huang
Objective To explore the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided cervical root block (CRB) in patients undergoing minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP).Methods We enrolled 35 patients with hyperparathyroidism undergoing MIP in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.C4-7 nerve roots were identified in ultrasound imaging by the shape of the transverse process.A 50 mm insulated needle was gently introduced by an in-plane approach toward the posterior edge of the nerve root located at the inside of the posterior tubercle...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123624/state-of-education-regarding-ultrasound-guided-interventions-during-pain-fellowships-in-korea-a-survey-of-recent-fellows
#5
Hyung Tae Kim, Sae Young Kim, Gyung Jo Byun, Byung Chul Shin, Jin Young Lee, Eun Joo Choi, Jong Bum Choi, Ji Hee Hong, Seung Won Choi, Yeon Dong Kim
Background: Recently, the use of ultrasound (US) techniques in regional anesthesia and pain medicine has increased significantly. However, the current extent of training in the use of US-guided pain management procedures in Korea remains unknown. The purpose of the present study was to assess the current state of US training provided during Korean Pain Society (KPS) pain fellowship programs through the comparative analysis between training hospitals. Methods: We conducted an anonymous survey of 51 pain physicians who had completed KPS fellowships in 2017...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116423/postoperative-occipital-neuralgia-in-posterior-upper-cervical-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review
#6
Qing Guan, Fei Xing, Ye Long, Zhou Xiang
Postoperative occipital neuralgia (PON) after upper cervical spine surgery can cause significant morbidity and may be overlooked. The causes, presentation, diagnosis, management, prognosis, and prevention of PON were reviewed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. English-language studies and case reports published from inception to 2017 were retrieved. Data on surgical procedures, incidence, cause of PON, management, outcomes, and preventive technique were extracted...
November 7, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110218/cervical-sagittal-balance-a-biomechanical-perspective-can-help-clinical-practice
#7
REVIEW
Avinash G Patwardhan, Saeed Khayatzadeh, Robert M Havey, Leonard I Voronov, Zachary A Smith, Olivia Kalmanson, Alexander J Ghanayem, William Sears
PURPOSE: In this article, we summarize our work on understanding the influence of cervical sagittal malalignment on the mechanics of the cervical spine. METHODS: Biomechanical studies were performed using an ex vivo laboratory model to study the kinematic and kinetic response of human cervical spine specimens in the setting of cervical sagittal imbalance. The model allowed controlled variations of C2-C7 Sagittal Vertical Alignment (C2-C7 SVA) and T1-Slope so that clinically relevant sagittally malaligned profiles could be prescribed, while maintaining horizontal gaze, and their biomechanical consequences studied...
November 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102766/facilitating-effects-of-buyang-huanwu-decoction-on-axonal-regeneration-after-peripheral-nerve-transection
#8
Ki Joong Kim, Uk Namgung
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In traditional Asian medicine, Buyang Huanwu decoction (BYHWD) has been used for the treatment of cardiovascular and neurological disorders. Recent experimental studies have begun to provide evidence on the protective effects of BYHWD on injured peripheral nerves. AIM OF THE STUDY: To examine whether BYHWD was effective in inducing axonal regeneration after peripheral nerve transection, and if so, how it acted on the nerve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sciatic nerve in rats was transected and resutured 0, 1, or 4 weeks later...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098824/-chemical-constituents-from-roots-of-caragana-stenophylla-and-their-anti-tumor-activities
#9
Maiwulan Subinuer, Lan Pan, Xin-Yue Jia, Tao Zhang, Xiao-Guang Jia, Zhong-Mei Zou
Fourteen compounds were isolated from the 80% ethanol extract of Caragana stenophylla root, by using a combination of various chromatographic approaches, including silica gel sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and preparative HPLC. On the basis of their physical and chemical properties and spectroscopic data, their structures were elucidated as 2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy lphenyl)-3-methoxyl benzofuran-6-ol (1), mucodianin C (2), isopterofuran (3), formononetin (4), afromosin (5), calycosin (6), acacetin (7), 3-O-methylkaempferol (8), liquiritigenin (9), isoliquiritigenin (10), variabilin (11), resveratrol (12), zhebeiresinol (13), and 2, 3-dicarboxy-6, 7-dihydroxy-1-(3', 4'-dihydroxy)-phenyl-1, 2-dihydronaphthalen (14)...
July 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097135/apparent-c8-t1-radiculopathy-with-hand-weakness-due-to-mid-cervical-spondylosis
#10
Menachem Sadeh, Ron Dabby
Hand weakness and wasting in the setting of mid-cervical spondylosis and disc herniation without radiological evidence for compression of the C8 or T1 roots has been rarely reported. We retrospectively studied the data of patients with hand weakness and mid-cervical spondylosis. The clinical and radiological findings were compared to a control group of patients with weakness of the arm or forearm muscles and similar mid-cervical spondylosis. We found 19 patients with weakness and atrophy of the intrinsic hand muscles, and 13 patients with weakness proximal to the hand muscles to serve as a control group...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096210/super-selective-cervical-nerve-root-stimulation-in-contralateral-c7-transfer-an-intraoperative-study
#11
Nora Franziska Dengler, Gregor Antoniadis, Christian Heinen, Brigitta Grolik, Christian Rainer Wirtz, Ralph König, Maria Teresa Pedro
OBJECTIVE: We designed this study using super-selective intraoperative cervical nerve root stimulation aiming to support decision making about complete or partial contralateral C7 (cC7) nerve root transfer in patients with multiple cervical root avulsion injury. METHODS: Super-selective intraoperative stimulations of anterior, lateral, medial and posterior aspect of C5-C8 nerve roots were performed. Compound muscle action potentials (CMAP) were recorded in the lateral part of the deltoid (DM), long head of biceps brachii (BCM), brachioradial (BRM), long head of triceps brachii (TCM), and extensor digitorum communis (EDC) muscle...
December 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090125/comparison-of-treatment-effects-between-the-modified-c-palatal-plate-and-cervical-pull-headgear-for-total-arch-distalization-in-adults
#12
Chong Ook Park, Noor Laith Sa'aed, Mohamed Bayome, Jae Hyun Park, Yoon-Ah Kook, Young-Seok Park, Seong Ho Han
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dental and skeletal effects of the modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) for total arch distalization in adult patients with Class II malocclusion and compare the findings with those of cervical pull headgear. METHODS: The study sample consisted of the lateral cephalograms of 44 adult patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion, including 22 who received treatment with MCPP (age, 24.7 ± 7.7 years) and 22 who received treatment with cervical pull headgear (age, 23...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076467/-analysis-of-the-results-of-total-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-using-a-m6-c-prosthesis-a-multicenter-study
#13
V A Byval'tsev, A A Kalinin, I A Stepanov, Yu Ya Pestryakov, V V Shepelev
Cervical spondylosis and intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration are the most common cause for compression of the spinal cord and/or its roots. Total IVD arthroplasty, as a modern alternative to surgical treatment of IVD degeneration, is gaining popularity in many neurosurgical clinics around the world. Aim - the study aim was to conduct a multicenter analysis of cervical spine arthroplasty with an IVD prosthesis M6-C ('Spinal Kinetics', USA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 112 patients (77 males and 35 females)...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072007/-effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-activities-of-satellite-glial-cells-of-dorsal-root-ganglia-in-rats-with-neck-incision-pain
#14
Li-Na Qiao, Lian-Hong Tan, Jiao-Jiao Yang, Qiao-Ling Gao, Jiang Zhu, Pei-Jing Rong, Bing Zhu, Yong-Sheng Yang, Jun-Ling Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of "Futu"(LI 18), etc. on activities of satellite glial cells (SGCs) in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) in rats with neck-incision pain so as to explore its mechanism underlying reduction of post-surgical pain of thyroidectomy. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, EA-Futu (LI 18), EA-Hegu (LI 4)-Neiguan (PC 6), and EA-Zusanli (ST 36)-Yanglingquan (GB 34) groups, with 20 rats in each group...
August 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071294/data-on-the-expression-of-leptin-and-leptin-receptor-in-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-and-spinal-cord-after-preganglionic-cervical-root-avulsion
#15
Kai-Ting Chang, Yi-Lo Lin, Chi-Te Lin, May-Jywan Tsai, Wen-Cheng Huang, Yang-Hsin Shih, Yi-Yen Lee, Henrich Cheng, Ming-Chao Huang
Leptin (Lep) is mainly, although not exclusively, secreted by adipocytes. In addition to regulating lipid metabolism, it is also a proinflammatory factor and involved in the development of neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injuries (PNI) (Lim et al., 2009; Maeda et al., 2009) [1,2]. Leptin or its messenger ribonucleic acid expression has been found in various brain regions normally and in the dorsal horn after PNI (Lim et al., 2009; Ur et al., 2002; La Cava et al., 2004; White et al., 2004) [1,[3], [4], [5]]...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071027/antibacterial-effect-of-diode-laser-in-pulpectomy-of-primary-teeth
#16
Zahra Bahrololoomi, Reza Fekrazad, Shiva Zamaninejad
Introduction: Laser irradiation has been suggested as an adjunct to traditional methods of canal preparation but few studies are available on the antibacterial effect of diode laser in pulpectomy of primary teeth. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the antibacterial effect of diode laser in pulpectomy of primary teeth, in addition to define the optimal and harmless diode lasing conditions in the root canal. Methods: A total of 125 single rooted primary teeth were selected. After traditional canal cleaning, they were divided in 2 groups...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070038/water-extract-of-rumex-crispus-prevents-bone-loss-by-inhibiting-osteoclastogenesis-and-inducing-osteoblast-mineralization
#17
Ki-Shuk Shim, Bohyoung Lee, Jin Yeul Ma
BACKGROUND: Rumex crispus root has traditionally been used in Asian medicine for the treatment of hemorrhage and dermatolosis. The aim of this study was to explore the pharmaceutical effects of water extract of Rumex crispus (WERC) on osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation. We also studied the effect of WERC on the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL)-induced trabecular bone destruction mice model. METHODS: High performance liquid chromatography analysis was used to identify three compounds (emodin, chrysophanol, and physcion) of WERC...
October 26, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066098/brown-s%C3%A3-quard-syndrome-and-cervical-post-traumatic-subarachnoid-hematoma
#18
Fernando Rascón-Ramírez, Josué M Avecillas-Chasín, Albert Trondin, M Javier Arredondo
Cervical Traumatic SSH are very rare in literature. They are usually caused by cardiopulmonary diseases that increase vascular pressure causing spinal vessels rupture. In thoracolumbar spine, the spinal puncture is the most common cause. The ventrolateral position is even more unusual. In traumatic brain injury (TBI), an abrupt extension-flexion movement could have caused the rupture of subarachnoid vessels. This, accompanied by the slowed blood "wash out" (probably due to the previous osteoarthrosis and spinal canal stenosis), led to the formation of an organized clot, which caused an acute spinal cord compression syndrome...
October 20, 2017: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051204/imaging-appearances-and-pathologic-characteristics-of-spinal-epidural-meningioma
#19
L H Zhang, H S Yuan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spinal epidural meningioma is an uncommon tumor. This study aimed to analyze the imaging and pathologic characteristics of this rare tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen confirmed cases of epidural meningioma were retrospectively reviewed, and imaging characteristics and pathologic findings were analyzed to identify the typical features. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients (4 men, 10 women) was 44.9 years. Twelve tumors were in the cervical spinal canal, and 2, in the thoracic spinal canal...
October 19, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050029/clinical-performance-of-root-surface-restorations
#20
Alessandra Reis, Paulo Vinícius Soares, Juliana de Geus, Alessandro D Loguercio
This chapter describes the clinical performance of restorations placed in root caries lesions. The prevalence of root caries and other types of cervical lesions, caused by abfraction, erosion, and abrasion (non-carious cervical lesions) are high, mainly in the elderly; and therefore, restorative procedures are indicated. We will revise the restorative materials used to restore these types of lesions and present evidence-based findings to provide clinicians with better evidence for choosing them. Additionally, some steps of the restorative procedure for the placement of resin-based composites will be revised and common clinical questions related to these steps will be answered based on high evidence level, produced by randomized clinical trials and systematic reviews of the literature...
2017: Monographs in Oral Science
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