keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Flail chest

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785655/early-results-after-operatively-versus-non-operatively-treated-flail-chest-a-retrospective-study-focusing-on-outcome-and-complications
#1
Mathieu M E Wijffels, Tjebbe Hagenaars, Diba Latifi, Esther M M Van Lieshout, Michael H J Verhofstad
PURPOSE: Flail chest was traditionally treated non-operatively using mechanical ventilation and pain control. In order to reduce the occurrence of ventilation-associated complications and long-term disability, operative rib fixation is becoming a proven standard therapy for these patients. However, the consequences of the surgical complications may influence success rates negatively. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of flail chest treatment by surgical rib fixation with non-operative treatment, with special focus on the impact of surgical complications...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779595/disorders-of-the-chest-wall-clinical-manifestations
#2
REVIEW
Mazen O Al-Qadi
Chest wall disorders represent deformities and/or injuries that alter the rib cage geometry and result in pulmonary restriction, increased work of breathing, exercise limitations, and cosmotic concerns. These disorders are congenital or acquired and affect all ages. Disorders affecting the spine (kyphoscoliosis, ankylosing spondylitis), ribs (flail chest), and sternum (pectus excavatum) are discussed in this article, with emphasis on clinical presentations, pulmonary function abnormalities, diagnosis, and treatment...
June 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774196/common-carotid-artery-dissection-in-multiple-extracranial-injury-a-case-report
#3
Jin Sang Kil, Mi Kyung Lee, Ki Seong Eom
Traumatic common carotid artery dissection (CCAD) is rare. To our knowledge, only 14 case reports have described traumatic CCAD previously. Here, we report a case of CCAD in a patient with severe trauma. A 50-year-old man was lying on the road after drinking alcohol when a car drove over him. Computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple rib fractures with hemopneumothorax, lung contusion, flail chest, large amount of hematoma with bladder rupture, and fractures on the C6 spinous process, sacral ala, iliac bone, and pubic ramus...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744222/chest-wall-stabilization-in-trauma-patients-why-when-and-how
#4
REVIEW
Jose Ribas Milanez de Campos, Thomas W White
Blunt trauma to the chest wall and rib fractures are remarkably frequent and are the basis of considerable morbidity and possible mortality. Surgical remedies for highly displaced rib fractures, especially in cases of flail chest, have been undertaken intermittently for more than 50 years. Rib-specific plating systems have started to be used in the last 10 years. These have ushered in the modern era of rib repair with chest wall stabilization (CWS) techniques that are safer, easier to perform, and more efficient...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738402/is-first-rib-fracture-a-culprit-or-a-sign-of-injury-severity-it-is-both
#5
Alexander Fokin, Joanna Wycech, Eric Picard, Russell Weisz, Ivan Puente
OBJECTIVES: First rib fractures (1 RFX) have been correlated with increased morbidity and mortality. Whether this is due to the fracture of the rib itself or due to an increased number of associated injuries remains debatable. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: Level 1 trauma center PATIENTS:: 1089 patients with rib fractures divided into 3 groups: Group A (n=44) with isolated 1 RFX, Group B (n=116) with 1 RFX combined with other rib fractures, and Group C (n=929) with rib fractures without 1 RFX...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727315/autopsy-features-of-fatal-donkey-attack
#6
Lajos Fogel, Gyula Varga, Marta Hubay, Endre Felszeghy, Peter Varga, Roger W Byard
Lethal donkey attacks have very rarely been described. The case of a 65-year-old man who was found deceased on a country road with 2 domestic donkeys nearby is, therefore, reported. Examination of the body revealed contusions and lacerations of the face and scalp, a comminuted fracture of the left maxilla, comminuted fracturing of the right radius and ulna and of the left anterior superior iliac spine, a flail chest, and pulmonary contusions. In addition, there were bite marks on the left thigh, right buttock, right axilla/upper arm, and left cheek which corresponded to the dental arcades of the donkeys...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687275/pneumomediastinum-and-pneumopericardium-following-blunt-thoracic-trauma-much-ado-about-nothing
#7
David James Jackson Muckart, Timothy Craig Hardcastle, David Lee Skinner
PURPOSE: Pneumomediastinum is the hallmark of intrathoracic aerodigestive trauma, but rare following blunt injury. AIM: review of blunt thoracic trauma (BTC) for the incidence and outcome of patients with pneumomediastinum or pneumopericardium (PM/PC) on Computerised Tomographic scanning. METHODS: Admissions to the level I trauma ICU at IALCH, Durban, ZA following BTC from April 2007 to March 2014. Patients with Chest-CT-scan were analysed...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657729/risk-factors-for-prolonged-mechanical-ventilation-in-patients-with-severe-multiple-injuries-and-blunt-chest-trauma-a-single-center-retrospective-case-control-study
#8
Yasuyuki Okabe
Aim: Blunt chest trauma is common and is associated with morbidity and mortality in patients with multiple injuries, frequently requiring invasive mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study was to elucidate risk factors for prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV). Methods: Consecutive adult patients with multiple severe injuries and blunt chest trauma who treated in Chiba Emergency Medical Center (Chiba, Japan) between January 2008 and December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective chart-review study...
April 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651513/-chest-trauma-from-a-surgical-perspective
#9
Philipp Lichte, Sebastian Kalverkamp, Jan Spillner, Frank Hildebrand, Philipp Kobbe
Patients with multiple injuries in particular frequently also suffer from chest trauma. During the initial phase the identification and treatment of life-threatening injuries is essential and tension pneumothorax is of particular importance during this phase. The Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) algorithm should be followed for structured treatment. In most cases treatment by insertion of a chest tube is sufficient but for some injuries an emergency thoracotomy is unavoidable as a life-saving intervention...
May 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644280/atypical-cardioversion-in-unstable-arrhythmia-caused-by-clavicle-surgery
#10
Stefan Bushuven, Ronny Langenhan
We report on a 54-year old male with traumatic brain injury, flail chest and floating shoulder undergoing intramedullary stabilization of a midshaft clavicle fracture in beach chair position. Intraoperatively the patient developed instable atrial fibrillation triggered by implantation of intramedullary nail. Secondary this case shows feasibility of cardioversion in latero-lateral electrode-position due to inaccessible standard positions and patient fixation between the operation table and the X-ray apparatus...
December 2017: Trauma case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584488/functional-outcomes-of-thoracic-injuries-in-pediatric-and-adult-occupants
#11
Ashley A Weaver, Samantha L Schoell, Jennifer W Talton, Ryan T Barnard, Joel D Stitzel, Mark R Zonfrillo
OBJECTIVE: To develop a disability metric for motor vehicle crash (MVC) thoracic injuries and compare functional outcomes between pediatric and adult populations. METHODS: Disability risk (DR) was quantified using Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores within the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) for the top 95% most frequently occurring AIS 2, 3, 4, and 5 thoracic injuries in NASS-CDS 2000-2011. The NTDB contains a truncated form of the FIM score, including three items (self-feed, locomotion, and verbal expression), each graded from full functional dependence to full functional independence...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563370/successful-surgical-fixation-using-bio-absorbable-plates-for-frail-chest-in-a-severe-osteoporotic-octogenarian
#12
Ryuichi Waseda, Isao Matsumoto, Yasuhiko Tatsuzawa, Akinori Iwasaki
We present a case of a severe osteoporotic octogenarian who sustained serious flail chest from a traffic accident. The 3rd-9th ribs of the right chest wall were fractured. Non-operative management was unsuccessful. We performed a surgical fixation using a bio-absorbable and bio-active mini-plating set. This plating set is unsintered hydroxyapatite (u-HA) particles/poly-L-lactide (PLLA) composite osteosynthesis device commonly used for cranial, oral, and maxillofacial surgeries. The use of the u-HA/PLLA device for chest wall reconstruction has previously been reported, but no long-term results have been included...
March 22, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553087/oblique-chest-x-ray-an-alternative-way-to-detect-pneumothorax
#13
Cumhur Murat Tulay, Sadık Yaldız, Adnan Bilge
PURPOSE: To identify occult pneumothorax with oblique chest X-ray (OCXR) in clinically suspected patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we examined 1082 adult multitrauma patients who were admitted to our emergency service between January 2016 and January 2017. Clinical findings that suggest occult pneumothorax were rib fracture, flail chest, chest pain, subcutaneous emphysema, abrasion or ecchymosis and moderate to severe hypoxia in clinical parameters...
March 16, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514343/imaging-of-combat-related-thoracic-trauma-blunt-trauma-and-blast-lung-injury
#14
John P Lichtenberger, Andrew M Kim, Dane Fisher, Peter S Tatum, Brian Neubauer, P Gabriel Peterson, Brett W Carter
Introduction: Combat-related thoracic trauma (CRTT) is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality of the casualties from Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Penetrating, blunt, and blast injuries are the most common mechanisms of trauma to the chest. Imaging plays a key role in the battlefield management of CRTT casualties. This work discusses the imaging manifestations of thoracic injuries from blunt trauma and blast injury, emphasizing epidemiology and diagnostic clues seen during OEF and OIF...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506834/socioeconomic-disparities-in-the-thoracic-trauma-population
#15
Krista L Haines, Tiffany Zens, Megan Beems, Ryan Rauh, Hee Soo Jung, Suresh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Health-care disparities based on socioeconomic status have been well documented in the trauma literature; however, there is a paucity of data on how these factors affect outcomes in patients experiencing severe thoracic trauma. This study aims to identify the effect of insurance status and race on patient mortality and disposition after thoracic trauma. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank was queried from 2007 to 2012 for patients with sternal fractures, rib fractures, and flailed chest...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500508/-single-port-vats-assisted-internal-fixation-of-serial-rib-fractures
#16
REVIEW
M T Berninger, F Kellermann, A Woltmann, V Bühren, M Lang
This article describes the operative stabilization of a flail chest due to traumatic serial rib fractures with extensive chest wall deformation and respiratory insufficiency. Initial conservative treatment including systemic and regional pain management and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation did not improve the pain or ventilation. Therefore, a single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) assisted internal fixation of the ribs was performed. The thoracoscopy enabled easy repositioning of the ribs and additionally an estimation of intrathoracic injuries...
April 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493501/-surgical-stabilization-of-multiple-rib-fractures-can-shorten-inpatient-stay
#17
Rikke Halberg, Kirsten Neckelmann
Flail chest is a common complication in patients with blunt chest wall traumas resulting in high mortality rates. In this case report a 43-year-old woman was stepped on by a horse, thereby receiving multiple rib fractures and pneumohaemothorax. She was not able to wean from epidural analgesia after ten days and maintained a "thoracic floating feeling". In opposition to the non-operative management previously preferred, a surgical stabilization was then performed in the patient, who was discharged only five days later...
February 19, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402425/surgical-treatment-of-rib-fracture-nonunion-a-single-center-experience
#18
M B de Jong, R M Houwert, S van Heerde, M de Steenwinkel, F Hietbrink, L P H Leenen
INTRODUCTION: In contrast to the emerging evidence on the operative treatment of flail chest, there is a paucity of literature on the surgical treatment of rib fracture nonunion. The purpose of this study was to describe our standardized approach and report the outcome (e.g. patient satisfaction, pain and complications) after surgical treatment of a rib fracture nonunion. METHODS: A single centre retrospective cohort study was performed at a level 1 trauma centre...
March 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370057/analysis-of-isolated-transverse-process-fractures-sustained-during-blast-related-events
#19
Nicolas Newell, A Phillip Pearce, Edward Spurrier, Iain Gibb, Claire E Webster, Spyros D Masouros, Jonathan C Clasper
BACKGROUND: A range of devastating blast injuries have been sustained by personnel during recent conflicts. Previous studies have focused on severe injuries, including to the spine, however, no study has specifically focused on the most common spinal injury; transverse process (TP) fractures. Although their treatment usually requires limited intervention, analysis of TP fractures may help determine injury mechanisms. METHODS: Data was collected from victims with spinal fractures injured in Improvised Explosive Device (IED) attacks, from the UK's Joint Theatre Trauma Registry...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352361/the-modified-ravitch-approach-for-the-management-of-severe-anterior-flail-chest-with-bilateral-sternochondral-dislocations-a-case-report
#20
Gabriel Estremera, Ellen Chieko Omi, Eduardo Smith-Singares
The management of flail chest continues to evolve as scientific evidence and surgical experience accumulates. Flail chest injuries that span the sternum present a rare and complicated injury pattern that can be challenging to manage both medically and surgically. Our patient is a 69-year-old involved in a high-speed motor vehicle crash with respiratory failure secondary to an anterior flail chest. Tomographic examination confirmed a sternal fracture with bilateral sternochondral dislocations and multiple rib fractures...
January 19, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
keyword
keyword
10502
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"