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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786894/the-prognostic-role-of-phase-angle-in-advanced-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Mayane Marinho Esteves Pereira, Mariana Dos Santos Campello Queiroz, Nathália Masiero Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Juliana Rodrigues, Emanuelly Varea Maria Wiegert, Larissa Calixto-Lima, Livia Costa de Oliveira
Phase angle (PA) is a ratio between the reactance and resistance obtained by bioelectric impedance analysis and has been interpreted as a cell membrane integrity indicator and a predictor of total body cell mass. A low PA may suggest deterioration of the cell membrane, which in advanced cancer patients may result in a reduced overall survival (OS). This systematic review sought to investigate the current evidence regarding whether there is an association between PA and OS in patients with advanced cancer (ie, metastatic disease)...
May 22, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784698/aspects-of-multicomponent-integrated-care-promote-sustained-improvement-in-surrogate-clinical-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Lee Ling Lim, Eric S H Lau, Alice P S Kong, Melanie J Davies, Naomi S Levitt, Björn Eliasson, Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Guang Ning, Yutaka Seino, Wing Yee So, Margaret McGill, Graham D Ogle, Trevor J Orchard, Philip Clarke, Rury R Holman, Edward W Gregg, Juan José Gagliardino, Juliana C N Chan
OBJECTIVE: The implementation of the Chronic Care Model (CCM) improves health care quality. We examined the sustained effectiveness of multicomponent integrated care in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We searched PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE (January 2000-August 2016) and identified randomized controlled trials comprising two or more quality improvement strategies from two or more domains (health system, health care providers, or patients) lasting ≥12 months with one or more clinical outcomes...
June 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784372/fast-and-reliable-bia-amperometric-quantification-of-acetylcysteine-using-a-nanostructured-double-hydroxide-sensor
#3
Anabel Laza Correa, Josué M Gonçalves, Pamela O Rossini, Juliana S Bernardes, Carlos A Neves, Koiti Araki, Lucio Angnes
This study reports the preparation and characterization of nickel/lead hydroxide nanoparticles used to construct electrochemical sensors, which were investigated for amperometric quantification of N-acetylcysteine (NAC). The newly synthesised material presents good uniformity, with the lead (II) ions homogenously incorporated into the alpha nickel hydroxide crystal structure, confirmed by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses. Films of nanoparticles (3 nm in size) were prepared on conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide-coated glass slides and used connected to a specially built batch injection analysis (BIA) cell with a capacity of only 4 mL and the electrode positioned in the bottom...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783052/the-effect-of-the-supporting-electrolyte-on-the-electrooxidation-of-enrofloxacin-using-a-flow-cell-with-a-bdd-anode-kinetics-and-follow-up-of-oxidation-intermediates-and-antimicrobial-activity
#4
Jussara F Carneiro, José M Aquino, Adilson J Silva, Juliana C Barreiro, Quezia B Cass, Romeu C Rocha-Filho
The role of the supporting electrolyte - SE (Na2 SO4 ; NaCl; Na2 CO3 ; NaNO3 ; Na3 PO4 - 0.1 M ionic strength) in the galvanostatic (10 mA cm-2 ) electrochemical degradation of the fluoroquinolone antibiotic enrofloxacin (ENRO; 100 mg L-1 ) using a filter-press flow cell with a boron-doped diamond anode was investigated (flow rate, solution volume, and temperature were kept fixed at 420 L h-1 , 1.0 L, and 25 °C, respectively). The electrochemical degradation performance with the different SEs was assessed by following up [ENRO], total organic carbon concentration (TOC), oxidation intermediates (detected by LC and LC-QqTOF), and antimicrobial activity towards Escherichia coli as the electrolyses progressed...
May 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781565/quality-of-life-and-swallowing-questionnaire-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-development-and-validation
#5
Juliana Garcia Diniz, Alfredo Carlos da Silva, Ana Caline Nóbrega
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) may exhibit some degree of change in swallowing dynamics during the course of the disease. These changes can affect their physical, functional and emotional quality of life. AIMS: To develop a quality of life and swallowing questionnaire for individuals with PD. METHODS & PROCEDURES: The first version of the questionnaire comprised 29 items taken from the accounts of 50 patients treated over a 2-month period at Sarah Hospital in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781298/treatment-of-dental-biofilm-with-a-tincture-of-bauhinia-forficata-leaves-an-ex-vivo-study
#6
Julio Cesar C Ferreira-Filho, Andressa Temperini de Oliveira Marre, Juliana Soares de Sá Almeida, Leandro Araújo Lobo, Adriana Farah, Ana Maria Gondim Valença, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves
The inhibitory activity of a Bauhinia forficata tincture (TBF) was investigated against oral microorganism's strains and against a mature oral biofilm. The viability of planktonic cells was analyzed by Minimal Inhibitory and Microbicidal concentrations of TBF. Salivary samples from health volunteers were collected and mixed to form a saliva pool. An aliquot from this pool were seeded on membranes, which were incubated to form biofilm (48 h). The biofilm was treated according to the groups: G1-Chlorhexidine 0...
May 21, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780727/bronchial-carcinoid-in-anomalous-right-upper-bronchus-a-patient-tailored-bronchoplasty-resection-technique
#7
Francesco Petrella, Alessio Vincenzo Mariolo, Juliana Guarize, Stefano Donghi, Lara Girelli, Stefania Rizzo, Lorenzo Spaggiari
Bronchial carcinoids (BC) are indolent neuroendocrine tumors (NET) that are classified as malignant because they can locally infiltrate and metastasize. Resection is the primary treatment for most localized carcinoid tumors, with lung parenchymal-sparing surgery the favoured objective for patients with central airway tumors. Sleeve bronchoplasty techniques are complex surgical procedures defined as parenchyma-saving because they allow a radical resection with tumor-free margins while preserving the maximum amount of parenchyma...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779493/molar-pregnancy-with-normal-viable-fetus-presenting-with-severe-pre-eclampsia-a-case-report
#8
Freddie Anak Atuk, Juliana Binti Mohamad Basuni
BACKGROUND: While gestational trophoblastic disease is not rare, hydatidiform mole with a coexistent live fetus is a very rare condition occurring in 0.005 to 0.01% of all pregnancies. As a result of the rarity of this condition, diagnosis, management, and monitoring will remain challenging especially in places with limited resources and expertise. The case we report is an interesting rare case which presented with well-described complications; only a few similar cases have been described to date...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778439/does-orthognathic-surgery-improve-myofacial-pain-in-individuals-with-skeletal-class-iii-one-year-follow-up
#9
Aline Monise Sebastiani, Paola Fernanda Cotait de Lucas Corso, Daniel Bonotto, Juliana Feltrin de Souza, Delson João da Costa, Rafaela Scariot, Nelson Luis Barbosa Rebellato
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of orthognathic surgery on temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in patients with skeletal class III malocclusion. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-seven patients undergoing surgery were evaluated by a trained examiner using Axis I of the Research Diagnostic Criteria/TMD index, consecutively, at 3 different periods: 1 week before operation (T0), 6 months after operation (T1), and 1 year after operation (T2). Bivariate analyses were performed to compare the evaluation periods (P < ...
April 16, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775971/a-decline-at-inpatient-benign-hysterectomy-is-perceived-in-brazil-what-are-the-strategies-to-improve-surgical-resident-training
#10
Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito, Juliana da Costa Santos, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774944/can-traits-predict-individual-growth-performance-a-test-in-a-hyperdiverse-tropical-forest
#11
Lourens Poorter, Carolina V Castilho, Juliana Schietti, Rafael S Oliveira, Flávia R C Costa
The functional trait approach has, as a central tenet, that plant traits are functional and shape individual performance, but this has rarely been tested in the field. Here, we tested the individual-based trait approach in a hyperdiverse Amazonian tropical rainforest and evaluated intraspecific variation in trait values, plant strategies at the individual level, and whether traits are functional and predict individual performance. We evaluated > 1300 tree saplings belonging to > 383 species, measured 25 traits related to growth and defense, and evaluated the effects of environmental conditions, plant size, and traits on stem growth...
May 18, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774286/biological-control-of-anopheles-darlingi-aedes-aegypti-and-culex-quinquefasciatus-larvae-using-shrimps
#12
Willian Marinho Dourado Coelho, Juliana de Carvalho Apolinário Coêlho, Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani, Wilma Aparecida Starke Buzetti
Mosquitoes can act as vectors of important diseases such as malaria, dengue, Zika virus, yellow fever, Chikungunya and Mayaro fever, in addition to filariasis. The use of insecticides, larvicides, bed nets and repellents, besides the use of drugs as chemoprevention and the treatment of the sick are currently the pillars of the control of these vectors. We studied the biological control against of Anopheles darlingi , Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus larvae using shrimps of the species M. pantanalense , M...
August 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773818/predicting-transmission-blocking-potential-of-anti-malarial-compounds-in-the-mosquito-feeding-assay-using-plasmodium-falciparum-male-gamete-inhibition-assay
#13
Gonzalo Colmenarejo, Sonia Lozano, Carolina González-Cortés, David Calvo, Juliana Sanchez-Garcia, Jesús-Luís Presa Matilla, Didier Leroy, Janneth Rodrigues
Plasmodium falciparum Standard Membrane Feeding Assay (PfSMFA) is the current gold standard mosquito based confirmatory transmission blocking (TrB) assay for human malaria. However, owing to its complexity only selected gametocytocidal molecules are progressed into SMFA. Predictive tools for evaluation of TrB behavior of compounds in SMFA would be extremely beneficial, but lack of substantially large data sets from many mosquito feeds preempts the ability to perform correlations between outcomes from in vitro assays and SMFA...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773145/pathological-and-molecular-characterization-of-systemic-isosporosis-atoxoplasmosis-in-captive-green-winged-saltator-saltator-similis
#14
Ayisa Rodrigues de Oliveira, Tayse Domingues de Souza, Juliana P S Mol, Mayra Cunha Flecher, Emy Hiura, Renato Lima Santos
Systemic isosporosis, also called atoxoplasmosis or visceral coccidiosis, is a disease that affects birds in general. Pathogenesis of systemic isosporosis and its etiologic agent have not been well characterized, but taxonomically Atoxoplasma is currently considered a junior objective synonym of Isospora. The present report aimed to describe pathological and molecular findings of systemic isosporosis in captive green-winged saltators (Saltator similis) from the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. In a commercial breeding facility eleven birds with two to nine months of age died from 2015 to 2016...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771567/enacting-rituals-to-improve-self-control
#15
Allen Ding Tian, Juliana Schroeder, Gerald Häubl, Jane L Risen, Michael I Norton, Francesca Gino
Rituals are predefined sequences of actions characterized by rigidity and repetition. We propose that enacting ritualized actions can enhance subjective feelings of self-discipline, such that rituals can be harnessed to improve behavioral self-control. We test this hypothesis in 6 experiments. A field experiment showed that engaging in a pre-eating ritual over a 5-day period helped participants reduce calorie intake (Experiment 1). Pairing a ritual with healthy eating behavior increased the likelihood of choosing healthy food in a subsequent decision (Experiment 2), and enacting a ritual before a food choice (i...
June 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768562/microscopic-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-direct-or-processed-sputum-smears
#16
José Luiz de Oliveira Magalhães, Juliana Figueiredo da Costa Lima, Ana Albertina de Araújo, Ilyana Oliveira Coutinho, Nilma Cintra Leal, Alzira Maria Paiva de Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Microscopic identification of active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) from direct smears of sputum (DS) is widely used for detection, but has limited sensitivity. Here, we assessed the yield of acid-fast bacilli (AFB) detection in processed sputum smears (PSS). METHODS: Sputum samples were simultaneously analyzed by direct sputum smearing and after chemical treatment and spontaneous sedimentation. RESULTS: Of the 1,719 samples analyzed, 16...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768529/cross-cultural-psychometric-assessment-of-an-appetite-questionnaire-for-patients-with-cancer
#17
Maria Claudia Bernardes Spexoto, Sergio Vicente Serrano, Vanessa Halliday, João Maroco, Andrew Wilcock, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties, along with cross-cultural invariance analysis, of the Cancer Appetite and Symptom Questionnaire (CASQ). METHOD: Data from 555 United Kingdom (UK) cancer patients were used to evaluate the psychometric properties of the CASQ. Construct validity was assessed through factorial and convergent validity. We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis using as indices the chi-square ratio by degrees of freedom (χ2/df), the comparative fit index (CFI), the goodness of fit index (GFI), and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA)...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768518/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-ebus-tbna-in-diagnosis-of-mediastinal-lesions
#18
Ricardo Sales Dos Santos, Marcia Jacomelli, Juliana Pereira Franceschini, Iunis Suzuki, Altair da Silva Costa, Christina Shiang, Addy Lidvina Mejia Palomino
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in making diagnosis of mediastinal injuries associated to different causes. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study of patients submitted to Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration at a private organization, between June 2013 and October 2016. All cases referred for collection of lymph nodes or peritracheal/peribronchial masses by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, and evaluated through tomography or PET-CT were included...
May 14, 2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768405/pathology-and-causes-of-death-in-stranded-humpback-whales-megaptera-novaeangliae-from-brazil
#19
Kátia Regina Groch, Josué Díaz-Delgado, Milton C C Marcondes, Adriana Castaldo Colosio, Elitieri B Santos-Neto, Vítor Luz Carvalho, Gisele Silva Boos, Ana Carolina Oliveira de Meirelles, Hernani Gomes da Cunha Ramos, Juliana Plácido Guimarães, João Carlos Gomes Borges, Jociery Einhardt Vergara-Parente, Judy A St Leger, Antonio Fernández, José Luiz Catão-Dias
This study describes the pathologic findings of 24 humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) found stranded along the Brazilian coast from 2004 to 2016. Eighteen (75%) animals evaluated were found stranded alive. From these, 13 died naturally on shore and five were euthanized. Six died at sea and were washed ashore. Of the 24, 19 (79.2%) were calves, four (16.7%) were juveniles, and one (4.2%) was an adult. The most probable cause of stranding and/or death (CSD) was determined in 23/24 (95.8%) individuals. In calves, CSD included neonatal respiratory distress (13/19; 68...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768267/type-2-diabetes-promotes-cell-centrosome-amplification-via-akt-ros-dependent-signalling-of-rock1-and-14-3-3%C3%AF
#20
Pu Wang, Yu Cheng Lu, Jie Wang, Lan Wang, Hanry Yu, Yuan Fei Li, Alice Kong, Juliana Chan, Shaochin Lee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Type 2 diabetes is associated with oxidative stress and DNA damage which can cause centrosome amplification. Thus, the study investigated centrosome amplification in type 2 diabetes and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Centrosome numbers in human peripheral blood mononuclear blood cells (PBMC) from healthy subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes were compared to access the association between type 2 diabetes and centrosome amplification. Colon cancer cells were used to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the centrosome amplification triggered by high glucose, insulin and palmitic acid...
May 11, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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