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Mondfulness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925911/-message-du-pr%C3%A3-sident-un-monde-meilleur
#1
Tom Smith-Windsor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891676/pornography-use-in-sexual-minority-males-associations-with-body-dissatisfaction-eating-disorder-symptoms-thoughts-about-using-anabolic-steroids-and-quality-of-life
#2
Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Stuart B Murray, Jonathan M Mond
OBJECTIVE: We examined two hypotheses regarding the potential association of pornography use with body image-related and eating disorder-related psychopathology among sexual minority males (i.e. non-heterosexual males). Our primary hypothesis was that pornography use would be associated with males' body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, thoughts about using anabolic steroids and quality of life impairment; our secondary hypothesis was that the type of pornography, namely, professional versus amateur pornography, which contains idealised and non-idealised (i...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858657/the-classification-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-symptoms-in-male-and-female-adolescents
#3
Sophie C Schneider, Andrew J Baillie, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was categorised in DSM-5 within the newly created 'obsessive-compulsive and related disorders' chapter, however this classification remains subject to debate. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test competing models of the co-occurrence of symptoms of BDD, obsessive-compulsive disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety, and eating disorders in a community sample of adolescents, and to explore potential sex differences in these models. METHODS: Self-report questionnaires assessing disorder symptoms were completed by 3149 Australian adolescents...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855961/the-mental-health-and-help-seeking-behaviour-of-resettled-afghan-refugees-in-australia
#4
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Anisa Yaser, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Haider Mannan, Caroline A Smith, Jonathan M Mond
BACKGROUND: Psychological trauma, in particular, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, are highly prevalent among resettled refugees. However, little is known regarding the mental health status and associated help-seeking behaviour of resettled Afghan refugees in Australia. METHODS: A sample of 150 resettled Afghan refugees (74 males; mean age 32.8 years, SD = 12.2) living in Adelaide, South Australia were recruited. Self-reported measures of PTSD, depression, exposure to traumatic events, functional impairment, self-recognition of PTSD symptomatology and help-seeking behaviours were completed...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836352/early-intervention-for-bipolar-disorder-in-adolescents-a-psychosocial-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Claire McAulay, Jonathan Mond, Stephen Touyz
AIM: Early intervention in bipolar disorder (BD) has received increasing attention in recent years. The identification of risk factors has improved, but researchers continue to struggle to find an effective treatment once the illness has become established. The aetiology of BD and feasibility of early intervention present a challenge, making it difficult to decide who to target, as well as how. METHODS: This essay seeks to address the lack of guidance for managing patients with a possible emerging bipolar illness, by presenting a rough roadmap to psychological care...
August 23, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827668/a-clue-to-unprecedented-strategy-to-hiv-eradication-lock-in-and-apoptosis
#6
Hiroshi Tateishi, Kazuaki Monde, Kensaku Anraku, Ryoko Koga, Yuya Hayashi, Halil Ibrahim Ciftci, Hasan DeMirci, Taishi Higashi, Keiichi Motoyama, Hidetoshi Arima, Masami Otsuka, Mikako Fujita
Despite the development of antiretroviral therapy against HIV, eradication of the virus from the body, as a means to a cure, remains in progress. A "kick and kill" strategy proposes "kick" of the latent HIV to an active HIV to eventually be "killed". Latency-reverting agents that can perform the "kick" function are under development and have shown promise. Management of the infected cells not to produce virions after the "kick" step is important to this strategy. Here we show that a newly synthesized compound, L-HIPPO, captures the HIV-1 protein Pr55(Gag) and intercepts its function to translocate the virus from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane leading to virion budding...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819689/beware-of-the-coronary-arteries-with-implantable-cardiac-electronic-devices
#7
REVIEW
S Serge Barold, Benjamin J Pang, Harry G Mond
The transvenous implantation of cardiac devices may sometimes cause serious complications involving the coronary arteries. The left anterior descending artery may be injured during nonapical right ventricular implantation while a right atrial lead may injure the right or circumflex coronary artery. Injury of a left internal mammary graft to a coronary artery may cause myocardial infarction.
August 17, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808279/fine-tuning-and-mond-in-a-metamaterial-multiverse
#8
Igor I Smolyaninov, Vera N Smolyaninova
We consider the recently suggested model of a multiverse based on a ferrofluid. When the ferrofluid is subjected to a modest external magnetic field, the nanoparticles inside the ferrofluid form small hyperbolic metamaterial domains, which from the electromagnetic standpoint behave as individual "Minkowski universes" exhibiting different "laws of physics", such as different strength of effective gravity, different versions of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) and different radiation lifetimes. When the ferrofluid "multiverse" is populated with atomic or molecular species, and these species are excited using an external laser source, the radiation lifetimes of atoms and molecules in these "universes" depend strongly on the individual physical properties of each "universe" via the Purcell effect...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800416/the-enigma-of-male-eating-disorders-a-critical-review-and-synthesis
#9
REVIEW
Stuart B Murray, Jason M Nagata, Scott Griffiths, Jerel P Calzo, Tiffany A Brown, Deborah Mitchison, Aaron J Blashill, Jonathan M Mond
Historically, male presentations of eating disorders (EDs) have been perceived as rare and atypical - a perception that has resulted in the systematic underrepresentation of males in ED research. This underrepresentation has profoundly impacted clinical practice with male patients, in which i) stigmatization and treatment non-engagement are more likely, ii) a distinct array of medical complexities are faced, and iii) symptom presentations differ markedly from female presentations. Further, the marginalization of males from ED research has hindered the assessment and clinical management of these presentations...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797070/methyl-pyruvate-protects-a-normal-lung-fibroblast-cell-line-from-irinotecan-induced-cell-death-potential-use-as-adjunctive-to-chemotherapy
#10
Bernice Monchusi, Monde Ntwasa
The Warburg Effect, characterized by increased rate of glycolysis even under normoxic conditions, is one of the hallmarks of cancer. Relatively lower oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) is also a characteristic feature in cancer cells. We hypothesized that interference with this phenomenon, by introducing exogenous pyruvate, would upset this cancer phenotype and boost the energy requirements of normal cells. We find that methyl pyruvate protects irinotecan-treated normal lung fibroblast cell line (MRC-5) probably by turning off the p53/p21 axis of the apoptotic pathways...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796461/ce-que-peut-la-sociologie
#11
Bernard Lahire
When it is relational, processual, and it articulates the incorporated dispositions of the actors and the contexts of their actions, sociology "desevidentialize," denaturalize, desubstantialize, and historicize the social world by contributing to do away with spontaneous representations that distort the reality of things. Besides, when sociology studies the social at the level of the individuals and individual actions, it destroys the fictions (juridical and philosophical) of the isolated individuals, enclosed on himself, free and fully conscious of everything...
August 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796452/in-praise-of-sociology
#12
Raewyn Connell
This reflection on the relevance of sociology starts with the different forms of social knowledge, and some autobiographical reflection on my engagement with the discipline. A research-based social science is made urgent by the prevalence of distortion and pseudoscience in the public realm. However, the research-based knowledge formation is embedded in a global economy of knowledge that centers on a privileged group of institutions and produces major imbalances on a world scale. Sociological data collection has important uses in policy and public discussion...
August 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796448/matters-of-scale-sociology-in-and-for-a-complex-world
#13
Olli Pyyhtinen
The article proposes that if sociology is to make sense of a world that is ever more complex and complicated, it is important to reconsider the scale(s) of our relations and actions. Instead of assuming a nested vertical hierarchy of the micro to macro binary, scale should be treated not only as multiple, but also as something produced and sustained in practice. Coming to grips with the complex world, we are living in also necessitates attending to the conduits and connections between various sites, fields, and terrains to which our lives are entangled...
August 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743439/the-electrocardiographic-footprints-of-wenckebach-block
#14
REVIEW
Harry G Mond, Jitendra Vohra
In 1899, Karel Frederik Wenckebach described a cardiac arrhythmia with periodic dropped beats now referred to as a Wenckebach sequence. This was later shown to be due to a block in the atrioventricular node, but today, we identify Wenckebach sequences throughout the heart with most being recognised on the surface electrocardiograph as characteristic footprints. This manuscript will revisit Wenckebach atrioventricular block, the typical features of which only occur in about 15% of cases, with the remainder atypical...
July 3, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741501/retinoblastoma-binding-protein-6-another-p53-monitor
#15
Monde Ntwasa
The retinoblastoma binding protein 6 (RBBP6), a p53 negative regulator, is essential for embryonic development. Its loss-of-function phenotype is similar to mouse double minute homolog (MDM2), the prototypical negative regulator of p53. This article draws attention to the molecular and biological functions of RBBP6 and to its association with carcinogenesis.
November 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685195/characterization-of-three-pathway-specific-regulators-for-high-production-of-monensin-in-streptomyces-cinnamonensis
#16
Zheng-Kun Tang, Xiao-Mei Li, Ai-Ping Pang, Chun-Yan Lin, Yue Zhang, Jie Zhang, Jianjun Qiao, Guang-Rong Zhao
Monensin, a polyether ionophore antibiotic, is produced by Streptomyces cinnamonensis and worldwide used as a coccidiostat and growth-promoting agent in the field of animal feeding. The monensin biosynthetic gene cluster (mon) has been reported. In this study, the potential functions of three putatively pathway-specific regulators (MonH, MonRI, and MonRII) were clarified. The results from gene inactivation, complementation, and overexpression showed that MonH, MonRI, and MonRII positively regulate monensin production...
August 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585859/evaluation-of-the-potential-for-drug-interactions-with-patiromer-in-healthy-volunteers
#17
Lawrence J Lesko, Elliot Offman, Christine Taylor Brew, Dahlia Garza, Wade Benton, Martha R Mayo, Alain Romero, Charles Du Mond, Matthew R Weir
INTRODUCTION: Patiromer is a potassium-binding polymer that is not systemically absorbed; however, it may bind coadministered oral drugs in the gastrointestinal tract, potentially reducing their absorption. METHODS: Twelve randomized, open-label, 3-period, 3-sequence crossover studies were conducted in healthy volunteers to evaluate the effect of patiromer (perpetrator drug) on absorption and single-dose pharmacokinetics (PK) of drugs (victims) that might be commonly used with patiromer...
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541768/sex-differences-in-the-presentation-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-community-sample-of-adolescents
#18
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Of 3,149 adolescents assessed using self-report questionnaires, 162 (5...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488338/asymmetric-synthesis-of-%C3%AE-lactams-through-copper-catalyzed-alkyne-nitrone-coupling-with-a-prolinol-phosphine-chiral-ligand
#19
Yurie Takayama, Takaoki Ishii, Hirohisa Ohmiya, Tomohiro Iwai, Martin C Schwarzer, Seiji Mori, Tohru Taniguchi, Kenji Monde, Masaya Sawamura
Prolinol-phosphine chiral ligands enabled highly enantioselective copper-catalyzed intermolecular alkyne-nitrone coupling (Kinugasa reaction) to produce 1,3,4-trisubstituted chiral β-lactams. A high level of enantiocontrol was achieved not only with aryl- or alkenylacetylenes but also with alkylacetylenes, which were important but unfavorable substrates in the previously reported protocols. Two-point hydrogen bonding between the chiral ligand and the nitrone oxyanion consisting of O-H⋅⋅⋅O and C(sp(3) )-H⋅⋅⋅O hydrogen bonds is proposed...
May 9, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487061/the-spectrum-of-ambulatory-electrocardiographic-monitoring
#20
REVIEW
Harry G Mond
Since its introduction as a clinical investigative tool, the 12-lead electrocardiograph (ECG) has been the gold standard for recognition of cardiac arrhythmias. The resting 12-lead ECG, however, gives only a rhythm snapshot in time, whereas arrhythmias maybe short-lived, paroxysmal and even asymptomatic making documentation in many patients very difficult. To overcome this, ambulatory ECG monitoring has been developed as a means of recording the ECG in patients over a set period of time, whether it be short-, medium- or long-term...
April 13, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
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