keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cardiovascular risk emergency residents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729055/gaps-in-awareness-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Janaka Weragoda, Manuj C Weerasinghe, Rohini Seneviratne, S M Wijeyaratne
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an emerging problem in Sri Lanka, particularly with the ageing population. A considerable number of patients are detected at a late stage with severe limb ischemia or chronic non-healing leg ulceration. Public awareness about PAD is important in developing preventive strategies. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted to assess awareness of PAD among adults aged 40-74 years in a district in Sri Lanka. In total, 2912 adults were selected for the study using a multistage probability proportionate to size sampling technique...
October 12, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720883/pediatric-osas-morbidity-biomarkers-the-hunt-is-finally-on
#2
Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, David Gozal
Since the initial report 40 years ago on pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) as a distinct and prevalent clinical entity, substantial advances have occurred in the delineation of diagnostic and treatment approaches. However, despite emerging and compelling evidence that OSAS increases the risk for cognitive, cardiovascular and metabolic end-organ morbidities, routine assessment of such morbidities is seldom conducted in clinical practice. One of the major reasons for such discrepancies resides in the relatively labor-intensive and onerous steps that would be required to detect the presence of any of such morbidities, further adding to the already elevated cost of diagnosing the disorder...
October 6, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625997/gut-microbiota-a-contributing-factor-to-obesity
#3
REVIEW
Steve M Harakeh, Imran Khan, Taha Kumosani, Elie Barbour, Saad B Almasaudi, Suhad M Bahijri, Sulaiman M Alfadul, Ghada M A Ajabnoor, Esam I Azhar
Obesity, a global epidemic of the modern era, is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes. The pervasiveness of obesity and overweight in both developed as well as developing populations is on the rise and placing a huge burden on health and economic resources. Consequently, research to control this emerging epidemic is of utmost importance. Recently, host interactions with their resident gut microbiota (GM) have been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of many metabolic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and CVD...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508819/-op-7a-10-common-and-emergent-factors-associated-with-hypertension-control-in-romania
#4
R Darabont, O Tautu, M Ardeleanu, M Dorobantu
OBJECTIVE: Romania is an East European country with high mortality rates for ischemic heart and cerebrovascular diseases largely attributable to an increased level of uncontrolled hypertension. We aimed to analyze the data of SEPHAR II epidemiological study (Study for the Evaluation of Prevalence of Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk in Romania) in order to identify common and emergent factors associated with treatment control in Romanian hypertensives. DESIGN AND METHOD: A total of 1975 subjects, selected on the base of stratified proportional sampling and consented to participate in the study, were evaluated during the two study visits...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508590/-op-lb03-01-central-blood-pressure-and-salt-intake-in-a-population-cohort-from-a-high-stroke-incidence-area-the-guimar%C3%A3-es-vizela-study
#5
P Guimarães Cunha, J Cotter, P Oliveira, I Vila, P Boutouyrie, S Laurent, P M Nilsson, A Scuteri, N Sousa
OBJECTIVE: The value of central blood pressure (CBP) over peripheral blood pressure is under debate, i.e. concerning its independent predictive power for cardiovascular (CV) events / target organ damage (TOD) and its use as a therapeutic target. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the distribution of CBP values in a population residing in an area of high stroke incidence through comparison with published reference values for healthy subjects; to identify subjects at higher CV risk; to analyze the influence of salt intake on CBP, and to assess whether CBP plays a role in risk stratification and treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404681/heat-heat-waves-and-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#6
Si-Hyuck Kang, Il-Young Oh, Jongbae Heo, Hyewon Lee, Jungeun Kim, Woo-Hyun Lim, Youngjin Cho, Eue-Keun Choi, Seung-Muk Yi, Do Shin Sang, Ho Kim, Tae-Jin Youn, In-Ho Chae, Seil Oh
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac arrest is one of the common presentations of cardiovascular disorders and a leading cause of death. There are limited data on the relationship between out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and ambient temperatures, specifically extreme heat. This study investigated how heat and heat waves affect the occurrence of OHCA. METHODS: Seven major cities in Korea with more than 1 million residents were included in this study. A heat wave was defined as a daily mean temperature above the 98th percentile of the yearly distribution for at least two consecutive days...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338429/addressing-emerging-risks-scientific-and-regulatory-challenges-associated-with-environmentally-persistent-free-radicals
#7
REVIEW
Tammy R Dugas, Slawomir Lomnicki, Stephania A Cormier, Barry Dellinger, Margaret Reams
Airborne fine and ultrafine particulate matter (PM) are often generated through widely-used thermal processes such as the combustion of fuels or the thermal decomposition of waste. Residents near Superfund sites are exposed to PM through the inhalation of windblown dust, ingestion of soil and sediments, and inhalation of emissions from the on-site thermal treatment of contaminated soils. Epidemiological evidence supports a link between exposure to airborne PM and an increased risk of cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305986/long-noncoding-rna-variations-in-cardiometabolic-diseases
#8
Sariya Dechamethakun, Masaaki Muramatsu
Cardiometabolic diseases are characterized as a combination of multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic diseases including diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, hypertension and abdominal obesity. This cluster of abnormalities individually and interdependently leads to atherosclerosis and CVD morbidity and mortality. In the past decade, genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified a series of cardiometabolic disease-associated variants that can collectively explain a small proportion of the variability...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042453/assessment-of-anthropometric-indices-salt-intake-and-physical-activity-in-the-aetiology-of-prehypertension
#9
Arsalan Moinuddin, Rani Gupta, Yogesh Saxena
INTRODUCTION: Globally, prehypertension is responsible for approximately 62% of cardiovascular and 49% of ischemic heart disease (IHD) episodes. Current data from the Indian subcontinent suggests that prevalence of prehypertension was 47% amongst young urban residents. Considering its serious prognosis, the current study was undertaken to assess risk factors such as for cardiovascular diseases in prehypertensives adult males in Uttarakhand region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, HIMS, Dehradun, over a period of 12 months...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927689/syncope-and-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-a-danish-nationwide-study
#10
Anna-Karin Numé, Gunnar Gislason, Christine B Christiansen, Deewa Zahir, Mark A Hlatky, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Martin H Ruwald
IMPORTANCE: Syncope may have serious consequences for traffic safety. Current clinical guideline recommendations on driving following syncope are primarily based on expert consensus. OBJECTIVE: To identify whether there is excess risk of motor vehicle crashes among patients with syncope compared with the general population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Danish nationwide cohort study from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2012. Through individual-level linkage of nationwide administrative registers, all Danish residents 18 years or older were identified...
April 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876459/emergency-responses-and-health-consequences-after-the-fukushima-accident-evacuation-and-relocation
#11
REVIEW
A Hasegawa, T Ohira, M Maeda, S Yasumura, K Tanigawa
The Fukushima accident was a compounding disaster following the strong earthquake and huge tsunami. The direct health effects of radiation were relatively well controlled considering the severity of the accident, not only among emergency workers but also residents. Other serious health issues include deaths during evacuation, collapse of the radiation emergency medical system, increased mortality among displaced elderly people and public healthcare issues in Fukushima residents. The Fukushima mental health and lifestyle survey disclosed that the Fukushima accident caused severe psychological distress in the residents from evacuation zones...
April 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26744636/-our-commonality-is-our-past-a-qualitative-analysis-of-re-entry-community-health-workers-meaningful-experiences
#12
Precious Bedell, John L Wilson, Ann Marie White, Diane S Morse
BACKGROUND: Re-entry community health workers (CHWs) are individuals who connect diverse community residents at risk for chronic health issues such as Hepatitis C virus and cardiovascular disease with post-prison healthcare and re-entry services. While the utilization of CHWs has been documented in other marginalized populations, there is little knowledge surrounding the work of re-entry CHWs with individuals released from incarceration. Specifically, CHWs' experiences and perceptions of the uniqueness of their efforts to link individuals to healthcare have not been documented systematically...
2015: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26671338/acute-cardiovascular-events-after-herpes-zoster-a-self-controlled-case-series-analysis-in-vaccinated-and-unvaccinated-older-residents-of-the-united-states
#13
Caroline Minassian, Sara L Thomas, Liam Smeeth, Ian Douglas, Ruth Brauer, Sinéad M Langan
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster is common and can have serious consequences. Additionally, emerging data suggest an increased risk of acute cardiovascular events following herpes zoster. However, to our knowledge, existing association studies compare outcomes between individuals and are therefore vulnerable to between-person confounding. In this study, we used a within-person study design to quantify any short-term increased risk of acute cardiovascular events (stroke and myocardial infarction [MI]) after zoster and to assess whether zoster vaccination modifies this association...
December 2015: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26652126/resident-physicians-choices-of-anticoagulation-for-stroke-prevention-in-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#14
Zardasht Oqab, William F McIntyre, Kieran L Quinn, Tyler Lamb, Kenneth Quadros, Payam Yazdan-Ashoori, Erik van Oosten, Karen Chu, Jasmine Lamba, Walid Barake, Kiarash Mohajer, Jeffrey N Marr, Adrian Baranchuk
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to identify practice patterns of Canadian resident physicians pertaining to stroke prevention in nonvalvular AF according to the Canadian Cardiovascular Society guidelines. A Web-based survey consisting of 16 multiple-choice questions was distributed to 11 academic centres. Questions involved identification of risks of stroke, bleeding, and selection of appropriate therapy in clinical scenarios that involve a patient with AF with a Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age, Diabetes, Stroke/Transient Ischemic Attack (CHADS2) score of 3 and no absolute contraindications to anticoagulation...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26548310/air-pollution-exposure-and-blood-pressure-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Paolo Giorgini, Paolo Di Giosia, Davide Grassi, Melvyn Rubenfire, Robert D Brook, Claudio Ferri
Both high arterial blood pressure (BP) and elevated levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution have been associated with an increased risk for several cardiovascular (CV) diseases, including stroke, heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Given that PM2.5 and high BP are each independently leading risk factors for premature mortality worldwide, a potential relationship between these factors would have tremendous public health repercussions. Therefore, the aim of this review is to summarize recent evidence linking air pollution and BP...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26446390/epidemiology-of-elevated-blood-pressure-and-associated-risk-factors-in-chinese-children-the-snec-study
#16
Y Zhou, Z Qian, M G Vaughn, B B Boutwell, M Yang, X-W Zeng, R-Q Liu, X-D Qin, Y Zhu, G-H Dong
Despite the association of childhood blood pressure (BP) with hypertension later in the life course, there remains dearth of information regarding the prevalence and emergence of hypertension in children, especially in China. To investigate the current status of BP, prevalence of elevated BP and related factors in Chinese children, a cross-sectional survey in a representative sample of 9354 Chinese children 5-17 years old was conducted in seven cities in Northeastern China during 2011 and 2012. BP measurements were taken by mercury sphygmomanometer...
April 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26297925/the-association-between-economic-development-lifestyle-differentiation-and-c-reactive-protein-concentration-within-rural-communities-in-hainan-island-china
#17
Yosuke Inoue, Andrew Stickley, Aki Yazawa, Dandan Li, Jianwei Du, Yuming Jin, Yan Chen, Chiho Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: Earlier fieldwork in rural areas of Hainan Island, China, demonstrated that during the course of economic development increasing differences had emerged in lifestyles within communities. It is possible that these variations might have stratified residents into subpopulations with different health attributes. This study examined the association between C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration, a biomarker of future cardiovascular events, and personal lifestyle parameters and the degree of community-level economic development among rural communities...
March 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26183883/older-people-in-the-emergency-department-a-literature-review
#18
Jekaterina Šteinmiller, Pirkko Routasalo, Tarja Suominen
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) play a unique role in healthcare systems throughout the world by providing acute interventions for older patients with acute/emergency and multiple health problems. The aim of this review was to identify studies that focused on older patients admitted to EDs and to determine the reasons for the visits. DESIGN AND METHODS: The literature review was based on a comprehensive search of electronic databases. Inclusion criteria were original research written in English; published 2002-2012; focused on older people; reasons for ED visit; and factors that affect the discharge process and those associated with a repeat ED visit...
December 2015: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26068514/rationale-and-methods-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-community-health-assessment-programme-with-emergency-medical-services-chap-ems-implemented-on-residents-aged-55%C3%A2-years-and-older-in-subsidised-seniors-housing-buildings
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gina Agarwal, Beatrice McDonough, Ricardo Angeles, Melissa Pirrie, Francine Marzanek, Brent McLeod, Lisa Dolovich
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases and falls substantially contribute to morbidity/mortality among seniors, causing this population to frequently seek emergency medical care. Research suggests the paramedic role can be successfully expanded to include community-based health promotion and prevention. This study implements a community paramedicine programme targeting seniors in subsidised housing, a high-risk population and frequent users of emergency medical services (EMS). The aims are to reduce EMS calls, improve health outcomes and healthcare utilisation...
June 11, 2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26041268/low-dose-ionising-radiation-and-cardiovascular-diseases-strategies-for-molecular-epidemiological-studies-in-europe
#20
REVIEW
Michaela Kreuzer, Anssi Auvinen, Elisabeth Cardis, Janet Hall, Jean-Rene Jourdain, Dominique Laurier, Mark P Little, Annette Peters, Ken Raj, Nicola S Russell, Soile Tapio, Wei Zhang, Maria Gomolka
It is well established that high-dose ionising radiation causes cardiovascular diseases. In contrast, the evidence for a causal relationship between long-term risk of cardiovascular diseases after moderate doses (0.5-5 Gy) is suggestive and weak after low doses (<0.5 Gy). However, evidence is emerging that doses under 0.5 Gy may also increase long-term risk of cardiovascular disease. This would have major implications for radiation protection with respect to medical use of radiation for diagnostic purposes and occupational or environmental radiation exposure...
April 2015: Mutation Research. Reviews in Mutation Research
keyword
keyword
104994
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"