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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676255/-perfecting-smile-esthetics-keep-it-pink
#1
Virginie Monnet-Corti, Angeline Antezack, Marion Pignoly
INTRODUCTION: Smile aesthetics is based on numerical, physical, physiological and psychological data regarding beauty, while taking into account the desires of the patient. It is determined by the shape, colour and position of the lips, teeth and gingival tissues. Periodontal examination in both the facial and labial settings supports analysis of the gingival display during natural and forced smiling, the health of the periodontium, the gingival contours, the aesthetic gingival line, and the presence of the papillae...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668079/co-culture-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-and-chondrocytes-on-three-dimensionally-printed-bioscaffolds-for-craniofacial-cartilage-engineering
#2
Robert J Morrison, Hassan B Nasser, Khaled N Kashlan, David A Zopf, Derek J Milner, Colleen L Flanangan, Matthew B Wheeler, Glenn E Green, Scott J Hollister
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Reconstruction of craniofacial cartilagenous defects are among the most challenging surgical procedures in facial plastic surgery. Bioengineered craniofacial cartilage holds immense potential to surpass current reconstructive options, but limitations to clinical translation exist. We endeavored to determine the viability of utilizing adipose-derived stem cell-chondrocyte co-culture and three-dimensional (3D) printing to produce 3D bioscaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663676/a-single-center-pilot-study-evaluating-a-novel-trihex-peptide-and-botanical-containing-eye-treatment-compared-to-baseline
#3
Alex Reivitis, Kian Karimi, Chester Griffiths, Ashley Banayan
BACKGROUND: Topical treatments containing tripeptide and hexapeptide (TriHex technology) have been proven to contribute to youthful skin by clearing the extracellular matrix and stimulating collagen and elastin production. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the efficacy of a novel eye treatment containing TriHex peptides and other synergistic ingredients for the daily treatment of fine lines/crow's feet around the eyes, under eye hollowing, under eye bags, and dark circles. PATIENTS/METHODS: In this study, 10 subjects (9 female and 1 male) aged 30-60 of Fitzpatrick skin type I, II, or III were selected to use an eye treatment containing TriHex peptides and active botanicals (Alastin Restorative Eye Treatment with TriHex Technology™, ALASTIN Skincare, Inc...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652766/-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-of-the-mandible-a-diagnostic-challenge
#4
Liliana Camison, Rick S Mai, Jesse A Goldstein, Bernard J Costello, Kathryn S Torok, Joseph E Losee
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare autoinflammatory bone disorder of children and adolescents characterized by mono- or multi-focal inflammatory bone lesions that are culture-negative on biopsy, associated with periods of exacerbation and resolution that can last over several months to years. Although it is predominantly a disease of long bones and the spine, craniofacial involvement is not uncommon, affecting the mandible in up to a fifth of cases. Similarities with other etiologies of osteitis in clinical presentation and imaging, as well as the lack of specific symptoms or laboratory tests, make CRMO mainly a diagnosis of exclusion...
March 28, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652533/facial-and-nasolabial-aesthetics-of-complete-uclp-submitted-to-2-stage-palate-repair-with-vomer-flap
#5
Terumi Okada Ozawa, Luciana Lais Savero Reis, Renata Mayumi Kato, Diógenes Laercio Rocha, Renata Sathler, Daniela Gamba Garib
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the aesthetics of nasolabial appearance and facial profile of children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) submitted to 2-stage palate repair with vomerine flap. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Single center. PATIENTS: Forty patients with UCLP, mean age of 7.81 years of both sexes, rehabilitated at a single center by 1 plastic surgeon. INTERVENTIONS: Lip and anterior palate repair with nasal alar repositioning was performed at 3 to 6 months of age by Millard technique and vomer flap, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651854/the-nasolabial-flap-the-most-versatile-method-in-facial-reconstruction
#6
J Bayer, K Schwarzmannová, M Dušková, K Novotná, J Kníže, A Sukop
The nasolabial flap was described 170 years ago and still remains one of the most frequently used methods in facial reconstruction. This technically easy and maximally effective procedure has become a real workhorse and an integral instrument for every plastic surgeon. Over time multiple modifications of this technique have been described. In this article, authors present an overview of nasolabial flap modalities and discuss advantages and disadvantages of these techniques.
2018: Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649062/national-mortality-rates-after-outpatient-cosmetic-surgery-and-low-rates-of-perioperative-deep-vein-thrombosis-screening-and-prophylaxis
#7
Alexandra Bucknor, Sabine Egeler, Austin Chen, Anmol Chattha, Parisa Kamali, Gary Brownstein, Lawrence Reed, David Watts, Samuel J Lin
BACKGROUND: Concerns have arisen over reports of deaths occurring after certain outpatient plastic surgery procedures. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the American Association for the Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgical Facilities (AAAASF) database and report on deaths occurring after outpatient cosmetic surgical procedures, causative factors, and venous thromboembolism (VTE) screening rates. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the AAAASF database was performed for the years 2012-2017...
March 29, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621374/novel-use-of-a-volumizing-hyaluronic-acid-filler-for-treatment-of-infraorbital-hollows
#8
Michael B Hall, Sudeep Roy, Edward D Buckingham
Importance: Hyaluronic acid filler can be safely used as a soft-tissue filler for correction of infraorbital hollowing. It has a high overall patient satisfaction profile among patients. Objective: To report safety and patient satisfaction outcomes of Juvéderm Voluma XC for correction of infraorbital hollows. Design, Setting, and Patients: This was a retrospective observational study performed at a private ambulatory facial plastic and reconstructive surgery practice...
April 5, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616169/clinical-application-of-foci-contralateral-facial-artery-myomucosal-flap-for-tongue-defect-repair
#9
Mengxiong Pan, Tao Ma, Junwu Mao, Xiaorong Qin, Bo Li
This study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy of foci contralateral facial artery myomucosal flap (FAMF) in repairing the defect of tongue after tumor resection. There were 10 cases who received the operation to repair tongue tissue defects caused by tumor resection from January 2010 to January 2016. FAMF flap size ranged from 2.5 × 3 cm to 5 × 5 cm. All flaps survived after surgery, and no local necrosis occurred. For the donor and receptor sites of 10 cases, 8 cases got wounds healed at stage I, wound dehiscence of donor site occurred in 2 cases, and the dehisced wounds were healed after local cleaning...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607727/lateral-orbital-propeller-flap-technique-for-reconstruction-of-the-lower-eyelid-defect
#10
J-P Ding, B Chen, J Yao
The lower eyelid, which has a unique anatomy and esthetic importance, is a common site of basal cell carcinoma. The reconstruction of the defect after the wide excision of the tumour is a special concern of many plastic surgeons. How to achieve the most satisfying effect through minimal invasive is important for patients. We successfully applied the lateral orbital propeller flap for one-stage reconstruction of a large lower eyelid defect after tumour resection. We consider that this flap can achieve better tissue mobilisation as it provides effective coverage of soft tissue defects and thus is especially useful for repairing facial defects...
April 1, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596574/efficacy-and-safety-of-autologous-fat-transfer-in-facial-reconstructive-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Todor K Krastev, Jip Beugels, Juliette Hommes, Andrzej Piatkowski, Irene Mathijssen, Rene van der Hulst
Importance: The use of autologous fat transfer (AFT) or lipofilling for correcting contour deformities is seen as one of the major breakthroughs in reconstructive plastic surgery. Its applications in facial reconstructive surgery have been of particular interest owing to the prospect of achieving autologous reconstruction by a minimally invasive approach. However, its unpredictability and variable degree of resorption have limited its utility and much skepticism still exists regarding its efficacy...
March 29, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596570/integrated-forehead-and-temporal-augmentation-using-3d-printing-assisted-methyl-methacrylate-implants
#12
Toshitsugu Hirohi, Koji Nagai, Donald Ng, Kiyonori Harii
Background: Achieving aesthetic results with forehead augmentation procedures remains challenging. We have developed a method of integrated forehead and temporal augmentation using a 3D printing-assisted methyl methacrylate implant. Objectives: The study objective was to assess the importance of combined temporal augmentation when performing forehead augmentation. Methods: We identified 34 patients (from 2000 to 2010) who underwent forehead augmentation with a methyl methacrylate implant contoured in situ during surgery and 41 patients (from 2010 to 2016) who underwent integrated forehead and temporal augmentation with a prefabricated methyl methacrylate implant...
March 27, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580298/submental-liposuction-for-the-management-of-lymphedema-following-head-and-neck-cancer-treatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Uthman Alamoudi, Benjamin Taylor, Colin MacKay, Matthew H Rigby, Robert Hart, Jonathan R B Trites, S Mark Taylor
BACKGROUND: Patients who have undergone treatment for head and neck cancer are at risk for neck lymphedema, which can severely affect quality of life. Liposuction has been used successfully in cancer patients who suffer from post-treatment limb lymphedema. The purpose of our study was to review the outcomes of head and neck cancer patients at our center who have undergone submental liposuction for post-treatment lymphedema and compare their subsequent results with a control group. METHODS: All head and neck cancer patients at an oncology center in tertiary hospital setting who complained to their attending surgeon or radiation oncologist regarding cervical lymphedema secondary to head and neck cancer treatment, and had been disease-free for a minimum of one year, with no previous facial plastic surgical procedures were eligible for inclusion into the study...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576457/the-effect-of-template-based-sequential-tbs-coding-on-an-nhs-plastic-surgical-practice
#14
Ruben Y Kannan, Catriona Neville, Tamsin Gwynn, Vanessa Venables, Raman Malhotra, Charles Nduka
INTRODUCTION: Clinical coding is often a mystery to us surgeons, but in actuality, it has a huge bearing on the financial sustainability of our services. Given the rapid innovations in plastic surgical procedures, clinical coders often struggle to decipher the extent of surgery. Meeting midway is the way forward here. METHODS: In a prospective audit over a six-month period, we analysed data from 2586 patients in our practice: a combination of general plastic surgery and specialist facial reanimation services...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574815/reconstruction-of-major-defects-of-the-jaws
#15
M D Batstone
Prosthetic replacements in the 19th and early 20th century were superseded by pedicled flaps and obturators. These have subsequently been superseded by free tissue transfer which currently is the mainstay of reconstructive jaw surgery. Although malignant and benign processes of the jaws are the predominant cause of segmental defects, a significant proportion still occurs due to trauma, or even iatrogenic causes such as radiotherapy. The varied aetiologies demand a nuanced approach to reconstruction and although the techniques remain similar the timing can be quite different...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566469/volumetric-lipoinjection-of-the-fronto-orbital-and-temporal-complex-with-adipose-stem-cells-for-the-aesthetic-restoration-of-sequelae-of-craniosynostosis
#16
Yanko Castro-Govea, Amin Vela-Martinez, Luis Alberto Treviño-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Non-syndromic craniosynostosis causes craniofacial asymmetry and may persist after cranioplasty. These postoperative asymmetries are primarily depressions. In some cases, patients may be subjected to pranks and harassment by their peers, affecting their psychosocial development. We propose lipoinjection enriched with adipose stem cells (ASCs) to treat the sequelae of craniosynostosis in the fronto-orbital and temporal complex in cranioplasty patients, with the goal of improving the appearance of the upper third of the face...
March 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558526/motivational-valence-alters-memory-formation-without-altering-exploration-of-a-real-life-spatial-environment
#17
Kimberly S Chiew, Jordan Hashemi, Lee K Gans, Laura Lerebours, Nathaniel J Clement, Mai-Anh T Vu, Guillermo Sapiro, Nicole E Heller, R Alison Adcock
Volitional exploration and learning are key to adaptive behavior, yet their characterization remains a complex problem for cognitive science. Exploration has been posited as a mechanism by which motivation promotes memory, but this relationship is not well-understood, in part because novel stimuli that motivate exploration also reliably elicit changes in neuromodulatory brain systems that directly alter memory formation, via effects on neural plasticity. To deconfound interrelationships between motivation, exploration, and memory formation we manipulated motivational state prior to entering a spatial context, measured exploratory responses to the context and novel stimuli within it, and then examined motivation and exploration as predictors of memory outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537996/comparative-outcomes-in-functional-rhinoplasty-with-open-vs-endonasal-spreader-graft-placement
#18
Jason Talmadge, Robin High, William Wesley Heckman
IMPORTANCE: Spreader grafts are commonly used for nasal valve stenosis. There is debate among practitioners regarding the optimal approach for spreader graft placement. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether an endonasal spreader graft placement leads to equivalent postoperative outcomes using a standardized nasal obstruction symptom score and whether there is a significant difference in operative time between the 2 approaches. DESIGN: A retrospective review of functional rhinoplasties by a single facial plastic surgeon over a 2-year period was conducted...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537813/cb1-cannabinoid-receptor-expression-in-the-barrel-field-region-is-associated-with-mouse-learning
#19
Ewa Siucinska, Wojciech Brutkowski, Tytus Bernas
We found previously that fear conditioning by combined stimulation of a row B facial vibrissae (conditioned stimulus, CS) with a tail shock (unconditioned stimulus, UCS) leads to expansion of the cortical representation of the "trained" row, labeled with 2-deoxyglucose (2DG), in the layer IIIb/IV of the adult mouse the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) 24 h later. We have observed that these learning-dependent plastic changes are manifested by increased expression of somatostatin, cholecystokinin (SST+, CCK+) but not parvalbumin (PV+) immunopositive interneurons We have expanded this research and quantified a numerical value of CB1-expressing and PV-expressing GABAergic axon terminals (CB1+ and PV+ immunopositive puncta) that innervate different segments of postsynaptic cells in the barrel hollows of S1 cortex...
March 23, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522077/jama-facial-plastic-surgery-the-year-in-review-2017
#20
John S Rhee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
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