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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644278/fabella-fracture-with-radiological-imaging-a-case-report
#1
Feng Zhou, Fei Zhang, Guoying Deng, Chun Bi, Jiandong Wang, Qian Wang, Qiugen Wang
The fabella is a kind of sesamoid bone which is located in the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle. A slice of studies demonstrated that fabella is involved in the knee joint stabilization. Fabella fracture may cause knee pain or functional impairment as the previous reports pointed. It is extremely rare, which leads to its high rate of missed diagnosis in clinical and radiography to some extent. We report a case of a 38-year-old female who was struck by an electromobile. The fabella fracture was confirmed on X-ray plain films...
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644275/delayed-identification-of-an-isolated-paediatric-capitate-fracture
#2
A Khoriati, C Jones, A Abdulkareem, N Ellahee
Fractures of the capitate bone are the second most common injury to a child's wrist but are rarely encountered in isolation. This is reflected in the paucity of described cases in the literature. Their true incidence is unknown as they often do not appear on plain radiographs and may heal without immobilisation. The easiest way to detect these fractures is with an MRI scan. The authors present a rare case of isolated capitate fracture that was initially missed on plain films. This case is important as it highlights the need for a high index of suspicion in paediatric patients with unresolving wrist pain...
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643712/surgical-results-of-a-one-stage-combined-anterior-lumbosacral-fusion-and-posterior-percutaneous-pedicle-screw-fixation
#3
Chien-Yuan Huang, Kuang-Ting Yeh, Tzai-Chiu Yu, Ru-Ping Lee, Ing-Ho Chen, Cheng-Huan Peng, Kuan-Lin Liu, Jen-Hung Wang, Wen-Tien Wu
Objectives: Lumbosacral fusion through either an anterior or a posterior approach to achieve good lordosis and stability is always a challenging surgical operation and is often accompanied by a higher rate of pseudarthrosis than when other lumbar segments are involved. This study evaluated the clinical and radiological results of lumbosacral fusions achieved through a combined anterior and posterior approach. Materials and Methods: From June 2008 to 2012, 20 patients who had L5-S1 instability and stenosis were consecutively treated, first by anterior interbody fusion using an allogenous strut bone graft through the pararectus approach and then by posterior pedicle screw fixation...
January 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614863/implementation-of-an-expanded-scope-of-practice-physiotherapist-role-in-a-regional-hospital-emergency-department
#4
Donna Goodman, Desley Harvey, Tania Cavanagh, Rebecca Nieman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to describe the implementation of an expanded-scope physiotherapy service in a regional hospital emergency department (ED) in Australia and discuss the lessons learnt in terms of long-term sustainability of these roles in regional areas. METHODS: The existing ED advanced physiotherapist was trained in extended scope of practice skills. For sustainability, a senior physiotherapist was recruited to develop further ED practice skills through a locally developed professional development package and ultimately be eligible to complete extended-scope training...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609667/cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct-in-general-dental-practice
#5
Nicholas Drage
Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) can be a useful adjunct to conventional plain film radiography, but its use must be carefully justified as the radiation dose is generally higher. Factors affecting the dose include the field of view (FOV) size, the exposure factors, the angle of rotation and voxel size. Once justified, the exposure should be fully optimised to ensure the dose to the patient is kept as low as possible while ensuring there is no reduction in the diagnostic yield. The European Commission (EC) and the Faculty of General Dental Practice (FGDP)(UK) have published selection criteria on the use of CBCT in dentistry...
March 1, 2018: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602758/new-method-for-ultrasound-guided-inferior-vena-cava-filter-placement
#6
Xiaojuan Qin, Chengfa Lu, Pingping Ren, Jin Gu, Yi Zheng, Chen Yu, Jian Wang, Mingxing Xie
OBJECTIVE: Transabdominal ultrasound (TAUS)-guided inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) placement currently uses an inferior vena cava (IVC) longitudinal plane with cross-section of the right renal artery or the transverse plane of the right renal vein (RRV)-IVC intersection. The goal of this study was to introduce a new method for TAUS-guided IVCF placement. METHODS: The study enrolled patients who were at high risk for or had pulmonary embolism from October 22, 2010, to June 30, 2016...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592987/seizure-induced-unilateral-posterior-dislocation-of-the-shoulder-a-diagnosis-not-to-be-missed
#7
Andrew Roy McKean, Shankar Kumar, Greg Michael McKean, Demitrios Tzias
A man in his mid-50s with a history of bladder carcinoma presented to the Emergency Department (ED) following a witnessed tonic-clonic seizure. Computed Tomography (CT) scanning of his brain revealed an indeterminate mass lesion in the left parietal region. The patient described bilateral shoulder pain prompting plain film radiographs with axial views, but no obvious abnormality was identified by the ED staff. Staging CT scanning did not reveal any evidence of underlying malignancy but revealed dislocation of the left humeral head with a large reverse Hill-Sachs lesion and posteriorly displaced reverse Bankart lesion...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571810/the-unusual-presence-of-gas-from-a-puncture-wound-a-case-report
#8
Eric J Roberts, John A Martucci, Daniel Wu
The presence of gas within soft tissues as suggested by plain film radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging is usually sufficient evidence for a gas-producing bacterial infection. A thorough clinical examination and history and tissue culture are necessary to better determine the source of the gas. However, despite the unremarkable physical examination findings, the present case of a plantar puncture wound rapidly developed gas in the tissues and warranted surgical exploration and repair. Delaying treatment in any case of potential gas gangrene can be limb- and life-threatening...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571103/tio-2-nanocrystals-decorated-z-schemed-core-shell-cds-cdo-nanorod-arrays-as-high-efficiency-anodes-for-photoelectrochemical-hydrogen-generation
#9
Chia-Hsun Li, Chan-Wei Hsu, Shih-Yuan Lu
TiO2 nanocrystals decorated core-shell CdS-CdO nanorod arrays, TiO2 @CdO/CdS NR, were fabricated as high efficiency anodes for photoelctrochemical hydrogen generation. The novel sandwich heterostructure was constructed from first growth of CdS nanorod arrays on a fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate with a hydrothermal process, followed by in situ generation of CdO thin films of single digit nanometers from the CdS nanorod surfaces through thermal oxidation, and final decoration of TiO2 nanocrystals of 10-20 nm via a successive ionic layer absorption and reaction process...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564046/prevalence-of-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis-diagnosed-by-whole-spine-computed-tomography-a-preliminary-study
#10
Bum-Soo Kim, Myung-Sang Moon, Min Geun Yoon, Seong-Tae Kim, Sang-Jae Kim, Min-Su Kim, Dong Suk Kim
Background: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is characterized by ossification of the enthesis. The diagnosis has been mainly based on the chest or whole spine lateral plain film. Recently, chest or thoracolumbar computed tomography (CT) has been reported to be more reliable for the diagnosis of DISH. The purposes of this study were to investigate the prevalence and location of DISH and evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities, such as ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF), using whole spine CT...
March 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554466/common-model-inputs-used-in-cisnet-collaborative-breast-cancer-modeling
#11
Jeanne S Mandelblatt, Aimee M Near, Diana L Miglioretti, Diego Munoz, Brian L Sprague, Amy Trentham-Dietz, Ronald Gangnon, Allison W Kurian, Harald Weedon-Fekjaer, Kathleen A Cronin, Sylvia K Plevritis
BACKGROUND: Since their inception in 2000, the Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Network (CISNET) breast cancer models have collaborated to use a nationally representative core of common input parameters to represent key components of breast cancer control in each model. Employment of common inputs permits greater ability to compare model output than when each model begins with different input parameters. The use of common inputs also enhances inferences about the results, and provides a range of reasonable results based on variations in model structure, assumptions, and methods of use of the input values...
April 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543980/macrolide-antibiotics-for-bronchiectasis
#12
REVIEW
Carol Kelly, James D Chalmers, Iain Crossingham, Nicola Relph, Lambert M Felix, David J Evans, Stephen J Milan, Sally Spencer
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory disease characterised by abnormal and irreversible dilatation and distortion of the smaller airways. Bacterial colonisation of the damaged airways leads to chronic cough and sputum production, often with breathlessness and further structural damage to the airways. Long-term macrolide antibiotic therapy may suppress bacterial infection and reduce inflammation, leading to fewer exacerbations, fewer symptoms, improved lung function, and improved quality of life...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527081/pointing-to-visible-and-invisible-targets
#13
Zoe M Flack, Martha Naylor, David A Leavens
We investigated how the visibility of targets influenced the type of point used to provide directions. In Study 1, we asked 605 passersby in three localities for directions to well-known local landmarks. When that landmark was in plain view behind the requester, most respondents pointed with their index fingers, and few respondents pointed more than once. In contrast, when the landmark was not in view, respondents pointed initially with their index fingers, but often elaborated with a whole-hand point. In Study 2, we covertly filmed the responses from 157 passersby we approached for directions, capturing both verbal and gestural responses...
2018: Journal of Nonverbal Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523122/modified-essex-lopresti-procedure-with-percutaneous-calcaneoplasty-for-comminuted-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-a-retrospective-case-analysis
#14
Jen-Ta Shih, Chun-Lin Kuo, Tsu-Te Yeh, Hsain-Chung Shen, Ru-Yu Pan, Chia-Chun Wu
BACKGROUND: The ideal treatment for comminuted intraarticular calcaneal fractures is still debated. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the most popular surgical procedure; however, wound complications, implant choice, and infection remain major concerns. This study aimed to demonstrate the results of an innovative, minimally invasive surgical procedure, namely, a closed reduction technique using large-diameter Steinmann pins and percutaneous calcaneoplasty using injectable calcium sulfate cement (MIIG X3, Wright Medical Technology, Inc...
March 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478412/nivolumab-induced-remitting-seronegative-symmetrical-synovitis-with-pitting-edema-in-a-patient-with-melanoma-a-case-report
#15
Linh Ngo, Eric Miller, Peter Valen, Elie Gertner
BACKGROUND: Novel immune checkpoint inhibitors have been often utilized for different types of malignancies as salvage therapy with varying success. One obstacle to immune checkpoint inhibitor use is the higher incidence of immune-mediated side effects that can prompt discontinuation of therapy. Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema has been described with immune checkpoint inhibitors only once previously. We report a case of a patient who developed remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema related to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy and stress that these symptoms can be managed without cessation of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478210/comparison-between-uncemented-and-cemented-fixation-for-the-tibial-component-in-distal-femoral-replacement-a-clinical-and-radiological-study
#16
Haijie Liang, Wei Guo, Rongli Yang, Xiaodong Tang, Taiqiang Yan
PURPOSES: We performed a retrospective, cohort study to compare uncemented tibial fixation with cemented tibial fixation in distal femoral replacement (DFR). METHODS: Sixty-two cases with uncemented tibial fixation and 58 cases with cemented tibial fixation were included. Inter-group comparisons were performed for baseline data, oncological and prosthetic outcomes, and changes of cortical thickness of tibial diaphysis. Radiological signs of bone adaptations around the uncemented tibial stem were identified through evaluation of plain films during follow-up...
February 24, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471154/tibial-component-sizing-and-alignment-of-tkr-components-does-not-significantly-affect-patient-reported-outcome-measures-at-six-months-a-case-series-of-474-participants
#17
Imran Ahmed, Vlad Paraoan, Dveej Bhatt, Bhanu Mishra, Chetan Khatri, Damian Griffin, Andrew Metcalfe, Tim Barlow
OBJECTIVES: Total knee replacement (TKR) is an effective means of alleviating the symptoms of end stage osteoarthritis. However, 20% of patients report dissatisfaction one year post-operatively. Previous literature has demonstrated contradictory evidence regarding the relationship between alignment and tibial component sizing with patient reported outcome measures (PROMs). We aim to investigate the association between alignment of TKR components and effect of tibial component sizing on PROMs...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457425/-progress-on-research-of-madelung-s-deformity
#18
REVIEW
Yu-Xin Song, Zeng-Ping Wang, Lin Liu, Wen Xue, Zhong-Yu Hao, Qun-Li Zhang, Wei She, Li-Yang Cai, Hai-Tao Gou, Yao-Wen Qian
Madelung deformity is a rare deformity of forearm and wrist caused by growth disorders of distal radius ulnar and palmar epiphyseal. Current studies showed that its incidence mainly associated with trauma, epiphyseal developmental abnormalities, nutritional disorders and genetic deletion or mutation. The early clinical presentation is not typical, in middle and late time, wrist deformity and weak can appear. Plain film considered as the main means of diagnosis is often lack of early diagnosis significance. Although wrist joint magnetic resonance imaging showing early soft tissue and skeletal abnormalities were used for the early diagnosis of the disease, current domestic study in magnetic resonance imaging of this deformity is less...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456056/a-preliminary-exploration-of-plain-film-radiography-in-scapular-dyskinesis-evaluation
#19
Kang Chen, Simin Deng, Yanhong Ma, Yelin Yao, Juan Chen, Yuqian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of scapular dyskinesis is of clinical interest because it is believed to be associated with pathologies of the shoulder. This study investigated the feasibility of plain-film radiography in evaluating scapular dyskinesis. METHODS: Subjects with unilateral disorders of the shoulder (n = 186) who underwent plain-film radiography of bilateral scapulae were divided into 4 categories of scapular dyskinesis patterns according to the Kibler classification and analyzed...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434971/development-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-mucoadhesive-patches-of-methotrexate-for-targeted-delivery-in-oral-cancer
#20
Bao-Zhong Jin, Xiao-Qi Dong, Xin Xu, Feng-He Zhang
The present study focused on the development of a mucoadhesive patch of methotrexate (MTX) for targeted delivery in oral cancer. Initially, MTX-loaded liposomes were prepared using the thin film hydration method, and had a mean diameter of 105.7-137.4 nm and percentage entrapment efficiency of 54.6±3.5. These liposomes were cast in optimized mucoadhesive film. The film was characterized by its release pattern, thickness, weight and percentage swelling index and the sustained release profile of the optimized film was evaluated...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
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