keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

plain film

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917010/measurement-reliability-in-pediatric-lateral-condyle-fractures-of-the-humerus
#1
Daniel C Bland, Andrew T Pennock, Vidyadhar V Upasani, Eric W Edmonds
BACKGROUND: Lateral condyle fractures of the distal humerus are the second most common pediatric elbow fracture. A difference of 1 or 2 mm in fracture displacement measurement may change the operative or nonoperative management of a minimally displaced fracture. The goal of this study was to determine the interobserver and intraobserver agreement in the measurements of displacement of lateral condyle fractures of the humerus. METHODS: A retrospective radiographic review of 60 patients was performed by 3 reviewers...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909441/annular-pancreas-in-china-9-years-experience-from-a-single-center
#2
REVIEW
DengLiang Wang, Quan Kang, ShuJun Shi, Wei Hu
To summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis among 152 children with annular pancreas (AP). A retrospective review of 152 patients with AP who were treated with surgical repair between January 2009 and August 2017 was performed at our pediatric surgical units. Presenting symptoms, birth weight, radiological findings, associated anomalies, the type of surgery performed were analyzed. (1) 152 patients were identified, out of which 82 were males, and 70 were females; (2) the average birth weight of children with AP was less than that of healthy newborns...
June 16, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901767/posterior-shoulder-dislocation-during-morning-pt-a-case-report
#3
Stefanie E Williams, Anthony J Hackett, Christian Jensen, Mark L Riddle
Posterior shoulder dislocation should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute shoulder pain and immobility following trauma. Although far less common then the anterior dislocation, it is associated with high rates of comorbidity. Seventy-nine percent of posterior shoulder dislocations are missed on initial presentation, which is partially responsible for the high rate of comorbidity associated with these injuries. The mechanism of injury is varied from generalized seizure to minor trauma, which adds to the complexity of the diagnosis...
June 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889304/dual-antibiotics-for-bronchiectasis
#4
REVIEW
Lambert M Felix, Seamus Grundy, Stephen J Milan, Ross Armstrong, Haley Harrison, Dave Lynes, Sally Spencer
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory disease characterised by abnormal and irreversible dilatation of the smaller airways and associated with a mortality rate greater than twice that of the general population. Antibiotics serve as front-line therapy for managing bacterial load, but their use is weighed against the development of antibiotic resistance. Dual antibiotic therapy has the potential to suppress infection from multiple strains of bacteria, leading to more successful treatment of exacerbations, reduced symptoms, and improved quality of life...
June 11, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881145/accuracy-of-radiographic-determination-of-the-posterior-femoral-wall-integrity-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#5
Joshua P Herzog, Edward D Arrington, Creighton C Tubb, Gautham Prabhakar, Nicholas J Zarkadis, Nicholas A Kusnezov
Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of radiographs in determining integrity of the posterior femoral cortex following ACL reconstruction. Methods: Fifty adult volunteers undergoing primary arthroscopic transtibial ACL reconstructions were prospectively enrolled into this study. Plain radiographs and fine-cut CT of the operative knee were obtained post-operatively. Three blinded orthopaedic surgeons were asked to measure the distance from the femoral tunnel to the posterior cortex on lateral radiographs...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866410/follow-up-imaging-after-acute-evaluations-for-pediatric-nephrolithiasis-trends-from-a-national-database
#6
Jonathan S Ellison, Paul A Merguerian, Benjamin C Fu, Sarah K Holt, Thomas S Lendvay, John L Gore, Margarett Shnorhavorian
BACKGROUND: Overuse of computed tomography (CT) in the initial evaluation of children with upper urinary tract calculi (UUTC) has been well documented. Follow-up imaging patterns, however, remain undefined. Sequential imaging following an acute episode of UUTC represents additional opportunity for enacting good imaging stewardship, with the optimal goal to reduce unnecessary radiation exposure and cost while ensuring appropriate follow-up. OBJECTIVE: We explored nationwide imaging patterns for children following emergency department (ED) evaluations for UUTC, hypothesizing that initial imaging choice and complicated visits for UUTC increase the risk of follow-up CT scans...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805501/modified-bunnell-suture-expands-the-surgical-indication-of-the-treatment-of-haglund-s-syndrome-heel-pain-with-endoscope
#7
Ji Hua Xu, Shi-Li Ding, Bo Chen, Shou-Cheng Wu
The aim of the present study was to develop a method which can solve the problem of partial tearing of the Achilles tendon insertion caused by the debridement for Haglund's syndrome using endoscopy-assisted percutaneous repair. Seven patients with Haglund's syndrome were prospectively recruited. All 7 patients (3 female, 4 male) had intratendinous calcifications. Preoperative diagnosis was made according to the clinical symptoms and diagnosis, medical examination results, plain film radiographs, and magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779998/efficacy-of-sinus-ultrasound-in-diagnosis-of-acute-and-subacute-maxillary-sinusitis
#8
Cheng-Chieh Hsu, Christine Sheng, Ching-Yin Ho
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of sinus ultrasound for acute and subacute maxillary sinusitis (ASMS) by investigating the agreement between different tools. We also proposed a confirmatory tool directed protocol for adult acute sinusitis, to enhance diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: This prospective cohort study enrolled patients who were older than 18 years, with a diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. The duration of symptoms was confined to less than 12 weeks...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749371/comparison-of-the-efficacy-side-effects-and-cost-of-modafinil-and-intranasal-mometasone-furoate-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-preliminary-clinical-study
#9
Shujia Zhang, Jing Fu, Zhongnin Duan
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is characterized by repeated episodes of reduction in airflow due to the collapse of the upper airway during sleep. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcome, side effects, and cost of treatment between modafinil and intranasal mometasone furoate in patients with OSAHS. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with OSAHS (N=250) were divided into two groups: the modafinil group (MG) (N=125) were treated with 100 mg modafinil twice a day; the intranasal mometasone furoate group (IMFG) (N=125) were treated with 100 µg of intranasal mometasone furoate in the evening...
May 11, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742579/congenital-calvarial-hemangioma
#10
Michal Brichacek, Abdul Naeem, Guido Filler, Robert Hammond, Arjang Yazdani, Adrianna Ranger
OBJECTIVES: The authors describe a case of congenital calvarial hemangioma successfully managed using propranolol therapy. Presenting symptoms, radiological and pathological features, differential diagnosis, and management of this rare congenital mass are described. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2-year-old boy presented with a 1-year history of a growing right parietal skull mass. No obvious etiology was apparent. No focal neurological deficits or associated craniofacial anomalies were identified...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736868/a-pragmatic-comparative-study-of-palliative-care-clinician-s-reports-of-the-degree-of-shadowing-visible-on-plain-abdominal-radiographs
#11
Katherine Clark, L Lam, N J Talley, G Watts, J L Phillips, N J Byfieldt, D C Currow
The assessment of constipation symptoms is based on history and physical examination. However, the experience is highly subjective perhaps explaining why palliative medicine doctors continue to use plain abdominal radiographs as part of routine assessment of constipation. Previous studies have demonstrated poor agreement between clinicians with this work in palliative care, limited further by disparity of clinicians' experience and training. The aim of this work was to explore whether there was less variation in the assessments of faecal shadowing made by more experienced clinicians compared to their less experienced colleagues...
May 7, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730101/use-of-eos%C3%A2-low-dose-biplanar-x-ray-for-shunt-series-in-children-with-hydrocephalus-a-preliminary-study
#12
Liat Ben-Sira, Shelly I Shiran, Li-Tal Pratt, Ronit Precel, Ovadia, Shlomi Constantini, Jonathan Roth
INTRODUCTION: Shunt series (SS) are a common diagnostic tool used to verify shunt integrity. SS include X-ray films of the skull, chest, and abdomen, and are often performed either when a shunted patient presents with suspected shunt malfunction, or as a screening test to identify shunt disconnections or dislodgment. EOS low-dose biplanar X-rays are associated with significantly reduced radiation doses compared to ordinary X-rays, and are used for various indications. This is the first publication on the use of EOS as a SS technique...
May 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723405/cystic-bone-tumors-of-the-foot-and-ankle
#13
REVIEW
Bashar Reda
Bone tumors are relatively rare in the foot and ankle region. Many of them present as cystic lesions on plain films. Due to the relative rarity of these lesions and the complex anatomy of the foot and ankle region, identification of such lesions is often delayed or they get misdiagnosed and mismanaged. This review discusses the most common cystic tumors of the foot and ankle including their radiographic features and principles of management.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718725/bispecific-antibodies-anti-mpeg-anti-her2-for-active-tumor-targeting-of-docetaxel-dtx-loaded-mpegylated-nanocarriers-to-enhance-the-chemotherapeutic-efficacy-of-her2-overexpressing-tumors
#14
Chia-Yu Su, Michael Chen, Ling-Chun Chen, Yuan-Soon Ho, Hsiu-O Ho, Shyr-Yi Lin, Kuo-Hsiang Chuang, Ming-Thau Sheu
Anti-mPEG/anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) non-covalently bound to a docetaxel (DTX)-loaded mPEGylated lecithin-stabilized micellar drug delivery system (Lsb MDDs) were endowed with active targetability to improve the chemotherapeutic efficacy of DTX. DTX-loaded mPEGylated Lsb MDDs formulations were prepared using lecithin/DSPE-PEG(2K or 5K) nanosuspensions to hydrate the thin film, and then they were subjected to ultrasonication. Two BsAbs (anti-mPEG/anti-DNS or anti-HER2) were simply mixed with the Lsb MDDs to form BsAbs-Lsb MDDs formulations, respectively, referred as the DNS-Lsb MDDs and HER2-Lsb MDDs...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709744/radiographic-fusion-grade-does-not-impact-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-absence-of-instrumentation-failure-for-patients-undergoing-posterior-instrumented-fusion-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#15
Tamir Ailon, D Koho Hamilton, Erik Klineberg, Alan H Daniels, Virginie Lafage, Shay Bess, Douglas C Burton, Munish Gupta, Frank Schwab, Christopher P Ames, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Robert A Hart
BACKGROUND: Pseudarthrosis and rod fracture (RF) remain significant concerns following fusions for adult spinal deformity (ASD). While a radiographic system of fusion grade has been proposed, the correlation between fusion grade and Health Related Quality of Life measures (HRQoL) is not known. METHODS: In a retrospective review of a prospectively collected clinical database, patients that underwent ≥ 5 level posterior instrumented arthrodesis for ASD were evaluated...
April 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705049/proficiency-based-cervical-cancer-brachytherapy-training
#16
Sherry Zhao, Louise Francis, Dorin Todor, Emma C Fields
PURPOSE: Although brachytherapy increases the local control rate for cervical cancer, there has been a progressive decline in its use. Furthermore, the training among residency programs for gynecologic brachytherapy varies considerably, with some residents receiving little to no training. This trend is especially concerning given the association between poor applicator placement and decline in local control. Considering the success of proficiency-based training in other procedural specialties, we developed and implemented a proficiency-based cervical brachytherapy training curriculum for our residents...
April 25, 2018: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692537/brown-fat-necrosis-with-calcifications-in-the-newborn-risk-factors-radiographic-findings-and-clinical-course
#17
Eleza T Golden, Paula Dickson, Stephen Simoneaux
Objective: To describe the radiographic appearance of subclinical calcified brown fat necrosis and the associated clinical and laboratory findings. Materials and Methods: Picture Archiving and Communications Sytem (PACS) was searched using keywords "soft tissue calcification" and "chest." The clinical record was searched for prior cardiac surgery, bypass, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygentation (ECMO) and prostaglandin use. Age when calcifications were first detected, location, resolution, and associated laboratory abnormalities were recorded...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689396/in-situ-decompression-to-spinal-cord-during-anterior-controllable-antedisplacement-fusion-treating-degenerative-kyphosis-with-stenosis-surgical-outcomes-and-analysis-of-c5-nerve-palsy-based-on-49-patients
#18
Haisong Yang, Jingchuan Sun, Jiangang Shi, Yong Yang, Yongfei Guo, Bing Zheng, Yuan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe outcomes of anterior controllable antedisplacement fusion (ACAF) in treatment of degenerative kyphosis with stenosis (DKS) and analyze probability of C5 nerve palsy. METHODS: From 2016 to 2017, a consecutive cohort of adults with DKS underwent ACAF. All patients underwent cervical radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Operative duration, blood loss, and hospital stay were estimated. Radiologic assessment included kyphotic correction, decompression width, and spinal canal area...
April 22, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644278/fabella-fracture-with-radiological-imaging-a-case-report
#19
Feng Zhou, Fei Zhang, Guoying Deng, Chun Bi, Jiandong Wang, Qian Wang, Qiugen Wang
The fabella is a kind of sesamoid bone which is located in the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle. A slice of studies demonstrated that fabella is involved in the knee joint stabilization. Fabella fracture may cause knee pain or functional impairment as the previous reports pointed. It is extremely rare, which leads to its high rate of missed diagnosis in clinical and radiography to some extent. We report a case of a 38-year-old female who was struck by an electromobile. The fabella fracture was confirmed on X-ray plain films...
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644275/delayed-identification-of-an-isolated-paediatric-capitate-fracture
#20
A Khoriati, C Jones, A Abdulkareem, N Ellahee
Fractures of the capitate bone are the second most common injury to a child's wrist but are rarely encountered in isolation. This is reflected in the paucity of described cases in the literature. Their true incidence is unknown as they often do not appear on plain radiographs and may heal without immobilisation. The easiest way to detect these fractures is with an MRI scan. The authors present a rare case of isolated capitate fracture that was initially missed on plain films. This case is important as it highlights the need for a high index of suspicion in paediatric patients with unresolving wrist pain...
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
keyword
keyword
104980
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"