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Cirrhosis, surgical mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091770/relevance-of-surgery-in-patients-with-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#1
S Dango, T Beißbarth, E Weiss, A Seif Amir Hosseini, D Raddatz, V Ellenrieder, J Lotz, B M Ghadimi, A Beham
INTRODUCTION: Upper GI bleeding remains one of the most common emergencies with a substantial overall mortality rate of up to 30%. In severe ill patients, death does not occur due to failure of hemostasis, either medical or surgical, but mainly from comorbidities, treatment complications, and decreased tolerated blood loss. Management strategies have changed dramatically over the last two decades and include primarily endoscopic intervention in combination with acid-suppressive therapy and decrease in surgical intervention...
January 14, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079252/outcomes-of-surgical-shunts-and-transjugular-intrahepatic-portasystemic-stent-shunts-for-complicated-portal-hypertension
#2
I Hosokawa, R Adam, M-A Allard, G Pittau, E Vibert, D Cherqui, A Sa Cunha, H Bismuth, M Miyazaki, D Castaing
BACKGROUND: Transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic stent shunt (TIPSS), instead of surgical shunt, has become the standard treatment for patients with complicated portal hypertension. This study compared outcomes in patients who underwent TIPSS or surgical shunting for complicated portal hypertension. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all consecutive patients who received portasystemic shunts from 1994 to 2014 at a single institution. Patients who underwent surgical shunting were compared with those who had a TIPSS procedure following one-to-one propensity score matching...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994769/targeting-hepatocellular-carcinoma-what-did-we-discover-so-far
#3
REVIEW
Ana Filipa Brito, Ana Margarida Abrantes, José Guilherme Tralhão, Maria Filomena Botelho
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is increasingly considered an issue of global importance. Its rates of incidence and mortality have been markedly increasing over the last decades. Among risk factors, some should be highlighted, namely the infections by hepatitis B and C virus, as well as clinical cases of cirrhosis. HCC is characterized as asymptomatic disease in the initial stages which most often leads to a late diagnosis. At molecular and genetic level HCC represents a highly complex tumor entity, including a wide variety of mutations, thus accounting for different mechanisms of resistance towards therapeutic approaches...
October 10, 2016: Oncology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960221/-extended-left-hemihepatectomy-with-reconstruction-of-the-right-liver-vein-in-a-patient-with-an-intrahepatic-cholangiocellular-carcinoma
#4
F Bartsch, T Huber, H Lang
Extended left hemihepatectomy (left trisectionectomy) with resection of liver segments 1, 2, 3, 4 a/b, 5 and 8 is a challenging procedure. In well-selected patients, the indication for this procedure may offer the chance of curative resection for primary or secondary liver tumours in complicated locations. Morbidity and mortality are increased compared to non-extended liver resections. This procedure requires precise imaging and accurate surgical planning in due consideration of the remaining liver volume and additional factors such as preliminary damage of the liver parenchyma caused by chemotherapy or fibrosis/cirrhosis...
December 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843598/cancer-and-liver-cirrhosis-implications-on-prognosis-and-management
#5
REVIEW
Matthias Pinter, Michael Trauner, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Wolfgang Sieghart
Liver cirrhosis, the end-stage of every chronic liver disease, is not only the major risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma but also a limiting factor for anticancer therapy of liver and non-hepatic malignancies. Liver cirrhosis may limit surgical and interventional approaches to cancer treatment, influence pharmacokinetics of anticancer drugs, increase side effects of chemotherapy, render patients susceptible for hepatotoxicity, and ultimately result in a competitive risk for morbidity and mortality...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797420/survival-analysis-after-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-consecutive-cohort-of-1002-patients
#6
Eung Chang Lee, Seong Hoon Kim, Hyeongmin Park, Seung Duk Lee, Soon-Ae Lee, Sang-Jae Park
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The improvements in surgical technique and perioperative management in the recent decades may warrant revisit for survival outcomes and prognostic factors after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to analyze the survival outcomes after liver resection for HCC for a consecutive cohort of 1,002 patients. METHODS: This study was performed by analyzing the clinicopathological and follow-up data of 1,002 consecutive patients who underwent liver resection for HCC from April 2001 to December 2013...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785449/hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Julius Balogh, David Victor, Emad H Asham, Sherilyn Gordon Burroughs, Maha Boktour, Ashish Saharia, Xian Li, R Mark Ghobrial, Howard P Monsour
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy and is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. In the United States, HCC is the ninth leading cause of cancer deaths. Despite advances in prevention techniques, screening, and new technologies in both diagnosis and treatment, incidence and mortality continue to rise. Cirrhosis remains the most important risk factor for the development of HCC regardless of etiology. Hepatitis B and C are independent risk factors for the development of cirrhosis...
2016: Journal of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783343/outcomes-after-surgery-for-benign-and-malignant-small-bowel-obstruction
#8
Lauren M Wancata, Zaid M Abdelsattar, Pasithorn A Suwanabol, Darrell A Campbell, Samantha Hendren
BACKGROUND: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common diagnosis; however, outcomes of and risk factors for SBO and malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) surgery are not well understood. We sought to characterize outcomes and risk factors for surgery for SBO and MBO. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed utilizing prospectively collected data from the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative (7/2012-3/2015). Cases included those with ICD9 diagnosis code of bowel obstruction and CPT codes for lysis of adhesions, intestinal bypass, and small bowel resection...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756145/prevalence-and-outcome-of-portal-thrombosis-in-a-cohort-of-cirrhotic-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation
#9
Marta Hernández Conde, Elba Llop Herrera, Juan de la Revilla Negro, Fernando Pons Renedo, Natalia Fernández Puga, José Luis Martínez Porras, María Trapero Marugan, Valentín Cuervas-Mons, Víctor Sánchez Turrión, José Luis Calleja Panero
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients that have undergone liver transplantation (LT) is 9.7% (SD 4.5). The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence, assess the factors that are associated with PVT and clarify their association with prognosis in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) and LT. AIMS AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2014, laboratory, radiological and surgical data were collected from patients with LC in our center who had undergone LT for the first time...
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677714/the-albi-grade-provides-objective-hepatic-reserve-estimation-across-each-bclc-stage-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
David J Pinato, Rohini Sharma, Elias Allara, Clarence Yen, Tadaaki Arizumi, Keiichi Kubota, Dominik Bettinger, Jeong Won Jang, Carlo Smirne, Young Woon Kim, Masatoshi Kudo, Jessica Howell, Ramya Ramaswami, Michela E Burlone, Vito Guerra, Robert Thimme, Mitsuru Ishizuka, Justin Stebbing, Mario Pirisi, Brian I Carr
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Overall survival (OS) is a composite clinical endpoint in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to the mutual influence of cirrhosis and active malignancy in dictating patient's mortality. The ALBI grade is a recently described index of liver dysfunction in hepatocellular carcinoma, based solely on albumin and bilirubin levels. Whilst accurate, this score lacks cross-validation, especially in intermediate stage HCC, where OS is highly heterogeneous. METHODS: We evaluated the prognostic accuracy of the ALBI grade in estimating OS in a large, multi-centre study of 2426 patients, including a large proportion of intermediate stage patients treated with chemoembolization (n=1461) accrued from Europe, the United States and Asia...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614338/campylobacter-colitis-rare-cause-of-toxic-megacolon
#11
Michael Kwok, Andrew Maurice, Carl Lisec, Jason Brown
INTRODUCTION: Campylobacter is the leading cause of bacterial diarrhoeal illness worldwide. Toxic megacolon is a rare but potentially devastating complication. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 55year old female with liver cirrhosis, alcoholism and hepatitis C, presented with severe colitis and stool specimen positive for Campylobacter. She developed septic shock, multi-organ dysfunction syndrome and toxic megacolon unresponsive to medical therapy, and underwent a subtotal colectomy with end ileostomy...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509535/laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-versus-open-approach-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-choledocholithiasis-a-retrospective-study
#12
Liang Gui, Ye Liu, Jun Qin, Lei Zheng, Yi-Jun Huang, Yue He, Wen-Sheng Deng, Bin-Bin Qian, Meng Luo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and benefits of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) compared with open approach (OCBDE) in cirrhotic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2012, a total of 113 cirrhotic patients with choledocholithiasis underwent common bile duct (CBD) explorations in our department. There were two groups of patients: A:LCBDE (n = 61) and B:OCBDE (n = 52). Patients' demographic characteristics, surgical data, postoperative outcomes, and long-term results were retrospectively collected and analyzed...
December 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502400/morbidity-and-mortality-rates-after-emergency-abdominal-surgery-an-analysis-of-4346-patients-scheduled-for-emergency-laparotomy-or-laparoscopy
#13
Mai-Britt Tolstrup, Sara Kehlet Watt, Ismail Gögenur
PURPOSE: Emergency abdominal surgery results in a high rate of post-operative complications and death. There are limited data describing the emergency surgical population in details. We aimed to give a detailed analyses of complications and mortality in a consecutive group of patients undergoing acute abdominal surgery over a 4-year period. METHODS: This observational study was conducted between 2009 and 2013 at Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Denmark. All patients scheduled for emergency laparotomy or laparoscopy were included...
August 9, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358774/massive-haemorrhage-in-liver-transplantation-consequences-prediction-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Stuart Cleland, Carlos Corredor, Jia Jia Ye, Coimbatore Srinivas, Stuart A McCluskey
From its inception the success of liver transplantation has been associated with massive blood loss. Massive transfusion is classically defined as > 10 units of red blood cells within 24 h, but describing transfusion rates over a shorter period of time may reduce the potential for survival bias. Both massive haemorrhage and transfusion are associated with increased risk of mortality and morbidity (need for dialysis/surgical site infection) following liver transplantation although causality is difficult to prove due to the observational design of most trials...
June 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313777/radiotherapy-and-sorafenib-in-the-management-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-have-led-to-improved-survival-a-single-center-experience
#15
Assaf Moore, Michal Cohen-Naftaly, Ofer Benjaminov, Marius Braun, Assaf Issachar, Eitan Mor, Anna Tovar, Michal Sarfaty, Noa Gordon, Salomon M Stemmer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common malignancy and the third most common cause of cancer mortality worldwide. We aimed to assess the effect of novel treatment options on the survival of HCC patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included all HCC patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2013 referred to the Davidoff center and treated by a multidisciplinary team. RESULTS: The analysis included 321 patients (median age, 64 years; 74...
2016: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283892/the-role-of-portal-vein-embolization-in-the-surgical-management-of-primary-hepatobiliary-cancers-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
G K Glantzounis, E Tokidis, S-P Basourakos, E E Ntzani, G D Lianos, G Pentheroudakis
BACKGROUND: Primary liver and biliary cancers are very aggressive tumors. Surgical treatment is the main option for cure or long term survival. The main purpose of this systematic review is to underline the indications for portal vein embolization (PVE), in patients with inadequate future liver remnant (FLR) and to analyze other parameters such as resection rate, morbidity, mortality, survival after PVE and hepatectomy for primary hepatobiliary tumors. Also the role of trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) before PVE, is investigated...
January 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272667/influence-of-liver-disease-on-perioperative-outcome-after-bariatric-surgery-in-a-northern-german-cohort
#17
Stefan Wolter, Anna Duprée, Christina Coelius, Alexander El Gammal, Johannes Kluwe, Nina Sauer, Oliver Mann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in morbidly obese patients and evaluate the influence on perioperative complications. BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing bariatric surgery have a high incidence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Upcoming data indicates that liver disease has a significant effect on perioperative complications. However, the influence of NAFLD/NASH on perioperative outcome in bariatric patients is still controversial...
January 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248425/hierarchic-interaction-of-factors-associated-with-liver-decompensation-after-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Davide Citterio, Antonio Facciorusso, Carlo Sposito, Roberta Rota, Sherrie Bhoori, Vincenzo Mazzaferro
IMPORTANCE: Liver resection is the treatment of choice for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in well-compensated liver cirrhosis. Postoperative liver decompensation (LD) is the most representative and least predictable cause of morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To determine the hierarchy and interaction of factors associated with the risk for LD and to define applicable risk classes among surgical candidates. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This retrospective review collected data from 543 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent hepatic resection for HCC from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2013, in a tertiary comprehensive cancer center...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236746/impact-of-cirrhosis-on-resource-use-and-inpatient-complications-in-patients-undergoing-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#19
Jared M Newman, Nicholas K Schiltz, Christopher D Mudd, Caleb R Szubski, Alison K Klika, Wael K Barsoum
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and is an important risk factor for complications in surgical patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of cirrhosis with postoperative complications, length of stay (LOS), and costs among patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample between 2000 and 2011, we identified patients who had a primary TKA or primary THA...
November 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216407/should-we-use-the-model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-meld-to-predict-mortality-after-colorectal-surgery
#20
Haddon Jacob Pantel, Kristian D Stensland, Jason Nelson, Todd D Francone, Patricia L Roberts, Peter W Marcello, Thomas Read, Rocco Ricciardi
We sought to determine the accuracy of the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease and the Mayo Clinic Postoperative Mortality Risk in Patients with Cirrhosis Calculator in patients with ascites who underwent colorectal surgery. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for patients with ascites who underwent a major colorectal operation. Predicted 90-day mortality rate based on the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease and 30-day mortality based on the Mayo Clinic Postoperative Mortality Risk in Patients with Cirrhosis Calculator were compared with observed 30-day mortality...
August 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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