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Platelet transfusion, mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722609/differences-in-mortality-and-clinical-manifestations-of-dengue-hemorrhagic-fever-in-taiwan-in-different-years-a-comparison-for-cases-in-2014-and-2015-epidemics
#1
Ko Chang, Chung-Hao Huang, Ing-Kit Lee, Po-Liang Lu, Chun-Yu Lin, Tun-Chieh Chen, Ping-Chang Lai, Hsiao-Cheng Hsieh, Hsin-Liang Yu, Chih-Hsing Hung, Meng-Chieh Wu, Yi-Ying Chin, Chun-Chi Huang, Deng-Chyang Wu, Yen-Hsu Chen
People in southern Taiwan experienced two major dengue outbreaks in 2014 and 2015. The mortality and clinical features were very different between these 2 years. Dengue virus serotype 1 (DENV-1) caused epidemic outbreak in 2014 and DENV-2 was predominant in 2015. The characteristics of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) cases in the 2 years was analyzed. We conducted a retrospective chart review to analyze the clinical and laboratory features of 206 adult patients with DHF in southern Taiwan in 2014 and 2015. The mortality rate of DHF cases in 2015 was higher than that of cases in 2014 (38...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717377/appropriate-blood-component-therapy-can-reduce-postcardiac-surgery-acute-kidney-injury-through-packed-cell-transfusion-reduction
#2
Kianoush Saberi, Mehrdad Salehi, Mehrzad Rahmanian, Ali Reza Bakhshandeh, Gholam Reza Massoumi
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) can happen due to different factors such as anemia. Packed cell (PC) transfusion is an important cause of AKI occurrence. The aim of the study is to investigate whether appropriate blood component (BC) therapy can reduce blood transfusion and it would result in AKI decreasing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 1388 patients who underwent cardiac surgery in one university hospital. A serum creatinine higher than 2 mg/dl, renal disease history, renal replacement therapy (chronic dialysis) were our exclusion criteria...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712008/acute-lower-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-intervention-in-949-emergency-cases
#3
Kheng-Seong Ng, Natasha Nassar, Deanne Soares, Patrick Stewart, Marc A Gladman
PURPOSE: Outcomes of acute lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage (ALGIH) are mostly derived from studies performed in the sub-acute/elective rather than the emergency department (ED) setting. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence and outcomes of patients presenting to a tertiary hospital ED with ALGIH and to identify associated clinicopathological risk factors. METHOD: A retrospective observational cohort study of consecutive patients presenting with ALGIH to a tertiary hospital ED was performed...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704250/abnormal-calcium-levels-during-trauma-resuscitation-are-associated-with-increased-mortality-increased-blood-product-use-and-greater-hospital-resource-consumption-a-pilot-investigation
#4
Emily J MacKay, Michael D Stubna, Daniel N Holena, Patrick M Reilly, Mark J Seamon, Brian P Smith, Lewis J Kaplan, Jeremy W Cannon
BACKGROUND: Admission hypocalcemia predicts both massive transfusion and mortality in severely injured patients. However, the effect of calcium derangements during resuscitation remains unexplored. We hypothesize that any hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia (either primary or from overcorrection) in the first 24 hours after severe injury is associated with increased mortality. METHODS: All patients at our institution with massive transfusion protocol activation from January 2013 through December 2014 were identified...
July 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696061/outcomes-and-healthcare-utilization-in-children-and-young-adults-with-aplastic-anemia-a-multiinstitutional-analysis
#5
Ashish Gupta, Pingfu Fu, Hasan Hashem, Anant Vatsayan, Steven Shein, Jignesh Dalal
BACKGROUND: Aplastic anemia is a bone marrow failure syndrome with high mortality affecting children and young adults. Although current treatment guidelines recommend hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HCT) for patients with matched sibling donors, outcomes with alternate donor options have been improving. PROCEDURE: We analyzed a validated multiinstitutional pediatric cohort using one of the largest pediatric and young adult database, the Pediatric Health Information System, for patients diagnosed with aplastic anemia (AA) from 2006 to 2015...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691229/desmopressin-use-for-minimising-perioperative-blood-transfusion
#6
REVIEW
Michael J Desborough, Kathryn Oakland, Charlotte Brierley, Sean Bennett, Carolyn Doree, Marialena Trivella, Sally Hopewell, Simon J Stanworth, Lise J Estcourt
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is administered during many types of surgery, but its efficacy and safety are increasingly questioned. Evaluation of the efficacy of agents, such as desmopressin (DDAVP; 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin), that may reduce perioperative blood loss is needed. OBJECTIVES: To examine the evidence for the efficacy of DDAVP in reducing perioperative blood loss and the need for red cell transfusion in people who do not have inherited bleeding disorders...
July 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688890/any-changes-in-recent-massive-transfusion-practices-in-a-tertiary-level-institution
#7
Romi Sinha, David Roxby
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: A previous review of transfusion practices in our institution between 1998 and 2008 showed a trend of high ratios of red cells (RC) to plasma (FFP) and platelets to RC towards the later years of review period. The aim of the study was to further evaluate transfusion practices in the form of blood product usage and outcomes following massive transfusion (MT) METHODS: All adult patients with critical bleeding who received a MT (defined as ≥10 units of RC in 24h) in 2008 and between January 2010 and December 2014 were identified...
June 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682954/acute-intracardiac-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-thromboembolism-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-systematic-review-of-reported-cases
#8
Brittney Williams, Brody Wehman, Michael A Mazzeffi, Patrick Odonkor, Ryan L Harris, Zachary Kon, Kenichi A Tanaka
Intracardiac thrombosis (ICT) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are life-threatening events, but pathological mechanisms are not yet well defined. The aim of this review is to provide an update of case literature of a postbypass hypercoagulable state. Case commonalities among 48 ICT/PE events included congestive heart failure (50%), platelet transfusion (37.5%), CPB duration greater than 3 hours (37.5%), and aortic injury (27.1%). Preexisting thrombophilia was rarely reported, and 16...
July 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671296/blood-use-in-patients-receiving-intensive-chemotherapy-for-acute-leukemia-or-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-the-impact-of-a-health-system-wide-patient-blood-management-program
#9
Michael F Leahy, Kevin M Trentino, Colleen May, Stuart G Swain, Hun Chuah, Shannon L Farmer
BACKGROUND: Little is published on patient blood management (PBM) programs in hematology. In 2008 Western Australia announced a health system-wide PBM program with PBM staff appointments commencing in November 2009. Our aim was to assess the impact this program had on blood utilization and patient outcomes in intensive chemotherapy for acute leukemia or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 695 admissions at two tertiary hospitals receiving intensive chemotherapy for acute leukemia or undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation between July 2010 and December 2014 was conducted...
July 3, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669659/variability-in-the-use-of-platelet-transfusion-in-patients-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage-observations-from-the-ethnic-racial-variations-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-study
#10
Waldo R Guerrero, Nicole R Gonzales, Padmini Sekar, Jorge Kawano-Castillo, Charles J Moomaw, Bradford B Worrall, Carl D Langefeld, Sharyl R Martini, Matthew L Flaherty, Kevin N Sheth, Jennifer Osborne, Daniel Woo
BACKGROUND: We examined platelet transfusion (PTx) in the Ethnic/Racial Variations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ERICH) study, hypothesizing that rates of PTx would vary among hospitals and depend on whether patients were on an antiplatelet therapy or underwent intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) surgical treatment. METHODS: The ERICH study is a prospective observational study evaluating risk factors for ICH among whites, blacks, and Hispanics. We identified factors associated with PTx, examined practice patterns of PTx across the United States, and explored the association of PTx with mortality and poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 4-6)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637551/outcomes-of-geriatric-trauma-patients-on-preinjury-anticoagulation-a-multicenter-study
#11
Darwin Ang, Stan Kurek, Mark McKenney, Scott Norwood, Brian Kimbrell, Erik Barquist, Huazhi Liu, Annette O'Dell, Michele Ziglar, James Hurst
Outpatient anticoagulation in the geriatric trauma patient is a challenging clinical problem. The aim of this study is to determine clinical outcomes associated with class of preinjury anticoagulants (PA) used by this population. This is a multicenter retrospective cohort study among four Level II trauma centers. A total of 1642 patients were evaluated; 684 patients were on anticoagulation and 958 patients were not. Patients on PA were compared with those who were not. Drug classes were divided into thromboxane A2 inhibitors, vitamin K factor-dependent inhibitors, antithrombin III activation, platelet P2Y12 inhibitors, and thrombin inhibitors...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625825/red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-surgical-cancer-patients-targets-risks-mechanistic-understanding-and-further-therapeutic-opportunities
#12
REVIEW
Vassilis L Tzounakas, Jerard Seghatchian, Elissavet Grouzi, Styliani Kokoris, Marianna H Antonelou
Anemia is present in more than half of cancer patients and appears to be an independent prognostic factor of short- and long-term adverse outcomes. It increases in the advanced period of cancer and perioperatively, in patients with solid tumors who undergo surgery. As a result, allogeneic red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is an indispensable treatment in cancer. However, its safety remains controversial, based on several laboratory and clinical data reporting a linkage with increased risk for cancer recurrence, infection and cancer-related mortality...
May 26, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625299/managing-major-obstetric-haemorrhage-pharmacotherapy-and-transfusion
#13
REVIEW
Rachel Collis, Emilia Guasch
Major obstetric haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal mortality. A prescriptive approach to early recognition and management is critical to improving outcomes. Uterine atony is the primary cause of post-partum haemorrhage. First-line prevention and treatment include the administration of uterine tonic agents; other conservative measures include uterine cavity tamponade and uterine compression sutures. Interventional radiology procedures have been used for both prophylaxis and treatment, but a hysterectomy may be necessary if conservative measures fail...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624038/impact-of-blood-products-on-platelet-function-in-patients-with-traumatic-injuries-a-translational-study
#14
Hanne Hee Henriksen, Alexandra G Grand, Sandra Viggers, Lisa A Baer, Sacha Solbeck, Bryan A Cotton, Nena Matijevic, Sisse R Ostrowski, Jakob Stensballe, Erin E Fox, Tzu-An Chen, John B Holcomb, Pär I Johansson, Jessica C Cardenas, Charles E Wade
BACKGROUND: Reductions in platelet (PLT) count and function are associated with poor outcomes in trauma patients. We proposed to determine if patients expected to receive blood products have a decrease in PLT function higher than expected based on the reduction in PLT count, and if the reduction in function could be associated with the donor plasma/supernatant received. METHODS: PLT count and function were measured on admission to the emergency department and intensive care unit in severely injured patients expected to receive a transfusion...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590357/rotem-significantly-optimizes-transfusion-practices-for-damage-control-resuscitation-in-combat-casualties
#15
Nicolas J Prat, Andrew D Meyer, Nichole K Ingalls, Julie Trichereau, Joseph J DuBose, Andrew P Cap
BACKGROUND: Up to 40% of combat casualties with a truncal injury die of massive hemorrhage before reaching a surgeon. This hemorrhage can be prevented with damage control resuscitation (DCR) methods, which are focused on replacing shed whole blood (WB) by empirically transfusing blood components in a 1:1:1:1 ratio of platelets:plasma:erythrocytes:cryoprecipitate (PLT:FFP:RBC:CRYO). Measurement of hemostatic function with thromboelastometry (ROTEM) may allow optimization of the type and quantity of blood products transfused...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581343/postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-following-intraoperative-blood-product-transfusions-during-cardiac-surgery
#16
Bogdan A Kindzelski, Philip Corcoran, Michael P Siegenthaler, Keith A Horvath
INTRODUCTION: This study explored the nature of the association between intraoperative usage of red blood cell, fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate or platelet transfusions and acute kidney injury. METHODS: A total of 1175 patients who underwent cardiac surgery between 2008 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. We assessed the association between: (1) preoperative patient characteristics and acute kidney injury, (2) intraoperative blood product usage and acute kidney injury, (3) acute kidney injury and 30-day mortality or re-hospitalization...
June 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570309/admission-rapid-thrombelastography-rteg%C3%A2-values-predict-resuscitation-volumes-and-patient-outcomes-after-thermal-injury
#17
Todd F Huzar, Eric Martinez, Joseph Love, Tonya C George, Jaimin Shah, Lisa Baer, James M Cross, Charles E Wade, Bryan A Cotton
In trauma, admission rapid thrombelastography (rTEG) has been shown to predict in-hospital thromboembolic events, guide treatment of coagulopathy, and identify likely to require large volume resuscitations. We sought to evaluate the use of rTEG in describing the coagulation status of major burn patients at admission and assess whether rTEG values predicted resuscitation volumes and patient outcomes. This is a retrospective study of all patients admitted to our Burn ICU between January 2010 and December 2012...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570214/comparison-of-outcomes-of-root-replacement-procedures-and-supracoronary-techniques-for-surgical-repair-of-acute-aortic-dissection
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Matthew Valdis, Corey Adams, Michael W A Chu, Bob Kiaii, Linrui Guo
BACKGROUND: Surgical approach to type A acute aortic dissection (AADA) is usually dictated by the presenting anatomy. We compared long-term outcomes of AADA repaired with a root replacement versus a supracoronary tube graft, regardless of the proximal extent of the intimal tear. METHODS: A single-centre, retrospective cohort of consecutive patients undergoing repair of AADA between December 1999 and March 2012 were stratified based on the proximal surgical procedure performed: supracoronary tube graft or root replacement...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548476/is-cold-blood-cardioplegia-absolutely-superior-to-cold-crystalloid-cardioplegia-in-aortic-valve-surgery
#19
Daniel A Lerman, Matilde Otero-Losada, Kiddy Ume, Pablo A Salgado, Sai Prasad, Kelvin Lim, Bruno Péault, Nasri Alotti
BACKGROUND: Experimental evidence suggests that blood cardioplegia (BCP) may be superior to cold crystalloid cardioplegia (CCP) for myocardial protection. However, robust clinical data are lacking. We compared post-operative outcome of patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) using cold anterograde-retrograde intermittent BCP versus anterograde (CCP). METHODS: Adult consecutive isolated AVR performed between April 2006 and February 2011 at the Royal Infirmary Hospital of Edinburgh were retrospectively analyzed...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545548/circulating-microparticle-levels-are-reduced-in-patients-with-ards
#20
Ciara M Shaver, Justin Woods, Jennifer K Clune, Brandon S Grove, Nancy E Wickersham, J Brennan McNeil, Gregory Shemancik, Lorraine B Ware, Julie A Bastarache
BACKGROUND: It is unclear how to identify which patients at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) will develop this condition during critical illness. Elevated microparticle (MP) concentrations in the airspace during ARDS are associated with activation of coagulation and in vitro studies have demonstrated that MPs contribute to acute lung injury, but the significance of MPs in the circulation during ARDS has not been well studied. The goal of the present study was to test the hypothesis that elevated levels of circulating MPs could prospectively identify critically ill patients who will develop ARDS and that elevated circulating MPs are associated with poor clinical outcomes...
May 25, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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