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Perioperative, transfusion, mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688940/robotic-beating-heart-totally-endoscopic-coronary-artery-bypass-in-higher-risk-patients-can-it-be-done-safely
#1
Husam H Balkhy, Sarah Nisivaco, Hiroto Kitahara, Mackenzie McCrorey, Brooke Patel
OBJECTIVE: Patients with a high Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) predicted risk of mortality undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery are known to have worse outcomes. Less invasive approaches have been shown to improve morbidity and mortality for these patients. In this study, we examined perioperative outcomes in higher-risk patients undergoing robotic totally endoscopic beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: The STS predicted risk of mortality was reviewed for patients undergoing robotic totally endoscopic beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery at our institution between January 2013 and May 2017...
April 23, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683967/comparison-of-totally-3-dimensional-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-and-open-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#2
Hang Zhang, Xingjun Guo, Jia Xia, Feng Zhu, Ming Shen, Xin Wang, Min Wang, Renyi Qin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and oncologic outcomes of 3-dimensional total laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (3D-TLPD). METHODS: Data of all patients who underwent 3D-TLPD (n = 202) or open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) (n = 213) at a single institution between October 2014 and December 2016 were reviewed. We evaluated the safety, feasibility, and oncologic outcomes of 3D-TLPD compared with OPD. RESULTS: The mean operative times in the 3D-TLPD and OPD groups were comparable (P = 0...
April 19, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676780/retrospective-evaluation-of-a-restrictive-transfusion-strategy-in-older-adults-with-hip-fracture
#3
Lorene Zerah, Lucile Dourthe, Judith Cohen-Bittan, Marc Verny, Mathieu Raux, Anthony Mézière, Frédéric Khiami, Cendrine Tourette, Christian Neri, Yannick Le Manach, Bruno Riou, Hélène Vallet, Jacques Boddaert
OBJECTIVES: To compare the association between a restrictive transfusion strategy and cardiovascular complications during hospitalization for hip fracture with the association between a liberal transfusion strategy and cardiovascular complications, accounting for all transfusions from the emergency department to postacute rehabilitation settings. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Perioperative geriatric care unit. PARTICIPANTS: All individuals aged 70 and older admitted to the emergency department for hip fracture and hospitalized in our perioperative geriatric care unit (N=667; n=193 in the liberal transfusion group, n=474 in the restrictive transfusion group) from July 2009 to April 2016...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667729/hla-dqb1-03-genotype-and-perioperative-blood-transfusion-are-not-conducive-to-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#4
Shen-Kang Zhou, Lei-Lei Yang, Rui Chen, Yong Lu, Yong-Hua Zheng
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is a disease associated with a higher incidence and mortality, and some host genetic polymorphisms have been reported as potential factors contributing to the development of GC. In view of this, the study was conducted to investigate the effects of HLA-DQB1 gene polymorphisms and perioperative blood transfusion on prognosis of patients with gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: A total of 142 patients with GC (case group) and 150 healthy controls (control group) were enrolled...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657253/minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-repair-through-right-minithoracotomy-11-year-single-institute-experience
#5
Taichi Sakaguchi, Toshinori Totsugawa, Masahiko Kuinose, Kentaro Tamura, Arudo Hiraoka, Genta Chikazawa, Hidenori Yoshitaka
BACKGROUND: Although minimally invasive mitral valve repair (MIMVR) is increasingly being performed, only a few clinical studies from Japanese institutions have been reported.Methods and Results:From 2006 to 2017, 387 consecutive patients (135 females, mean age 56±13 years) underwent an initial isolated MIMVR through a right minithoracotomy. The mitral etiology was degenerative in 348, functional in 22, and endocarditis in 13 cases. Repair techniques included leaflet resection/plication in 280, chordal reconstruction in 109, and annuloplasty alone in 24 patients, and concomitant procedures included tricuspid valve repair and atrial fibrillation ablation in 70 (18...
April 13, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652079/meta-analysis-of-an-artery-first-approach-versus-standard-pancreatoduodenectomy-on-perioperative-outcomes-and-survival
#6
REVIEW
N Ironside, S G Barreto, B Loveday, S V Shrikhande, J A Windsor, S Pandanaboyana
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate perioperative outcomes and survival in patients undergoing an artery-first approach to pancreatoduodenectomy in comparison with those having standard pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Comparative studies including patients who underwent artery-first pancreatoduodenectomy and standard pancreatoduodenectomy were analysed...
May 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624505/impact-of-concomitant-urologic-intervention-on-clinical-outcomes-after-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#7
Akshat Saxena, Winston Liauw, Sohaib A Virk, David L Morris
INTRODUCTION: The impact of concomitant urologic procedures (UPs) on perioperative and long-term outcomes after cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is uncertain. METHODS: In total, 935 consecutive CRS/HIPEC procedures were performed between 1996 and 2016 in Sydney, Australia. Among these, 73 (7.8%) involved concomitant UP. The association of concomitant UP with 21 perioperative outcomes and overall survival was assessed using univariate and multivariate analyses...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617497/opcabg-for-moderate-cimr-in-elderly-patients-a-superior-option
#8
Amber Malhotra, Chandrasekaran Ananthanarayanan, Vivek Wadhawa, Sumbul Siddiqui, Pranav Sharma, Kartik Patel, Komal Shah, Pratik Shah
OBJECTIVE: To compare the early and late outcomes of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and coronary artery bypass graft + mitral valve repair in elderly patients with moderate chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation. METHODS: One hundred and fifty elderly (age > 70 years) patients with moderate chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (n=95) or coronary artery bypass graft + mitral valve repair (n=55) between January 2007 and December 2014 were studied...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615370/hepatectomy-with-or-without-the-thoraco-abdominal-approach-impact-on-perioperative-outcome
#9
Matteo Donadon, Antonio Mimmo, Davide Cosola, Alfonso Terrone, Fabio Procopio, Daniele Del Fabbro, Matteo Cimino, Luca Viganò, Guido Torzilli
BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy using the thoraco-abdominal approach (TAA) compared to the abdominal approach (AA) remains under debate. This study assessed the perioperative outcomes of patients operated with or without TAA. METHODS: 1:1 propensity score-matched analysis was applied in 744 patients operated between 2007 and 2013, identifying 246 patients who underwent hepatectomy with TAA compared to 246 patients with AA. These groups were matched for demographics, liver disease, comorbidity, tumor features, and extent of resection...
March 31, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605152/pharmacologic-hemostatic-agents-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#10
Dipak B Ramkumar, Niveditta Ramkumar, Stephanie J Tapp, Wayne E Moschetti
BACKGROUND: Total knee and hip arthroplasties can be associated with substantial blood loss, affecting morbidity and even mortality. Two pharmacological antifibrinolytics, ε-aminocaproic acid (EACA) and tranexamic acid (TXA) have been used to minimize perioperative blood loss, but both have associated morbidity. Given the added cost of these medications and the risks associated with then, a cost-effectiveness analysis was undertaken to ascertain the best strategy. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness model was constructed using the payoffs of cost (in United States dollars) and effectiveness (quality-adjusted life expectancy, in days)...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603246/elevated-free-hemoglobin-and-decreased-haptoglobin-levels-are-associated-with-adverse-clinical-outcomes-unfavorable-physiologic-measures-and-altered-inflammatory-markers-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-patients
#11
Jill M Cholette, Anthony P Pietropaoli, Kelly F Henrichs, George M Alfieris, Karen S Powers, Francisco Gensini, Jeffrey S Rubenstein, Dawn Sweeney, Richard Phipps, Sherry L Spinelli, Majed A Refaai, Michael P Eaton, Neil Blumberg
BACKGROUND: There are data suggesting that free hemoglobin (Hb), heme, and iron contribute to infection, thrombosis, multiorgan failure, and death in critically ill patients. These outcomes may be mitigated by haptoglobin. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: 164 consecutively treated children undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease were evaluated for associations between free Hb and haptoglobin and clinical outcomes, physiologic metrics, and biomarkers of inflammation RESULTS: Higher perioperative free Hb levels (and lower haptoglobin levels) were associated with mortality, nosocomial infection, thrombosis, hours of intubation and inotropes, increased interleukin-6, peak serum lactate levels, and lower nadir mean arterial pressures...
March 30, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577761/-open-and-endovascular-repair-of-iliac-artery-aneurysms
#12
Dávid Garbaisz, András Boros, Péter Legeza, Zoltán Szeberin
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Iliac artery aneurysms make up 2% of all aneurysms. There are only a few data available on the results of surgical treatment, therefore the optimal treatment is unclear. Our objective was the retrospective analysis of the perioperative morbidity and mortality of patients who underwent iliac artery surgery as well as the comparison of elective open surgery and endovascular iliac aneurysm repair (EVIAR). METHOD: Retrospective analysis of patients who underwent surgery for iliac artery aneurysm between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2014...
April 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571730/hybrid-coronary-revascularization-versus-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#13
Vincenzo Giambruno, Philip Jones, Feras Khaliel, Michael W Chu, Patrick Teefy, Kumar Sridhar, Cristina Cucchietti, Rebecca Barnfield, Bob Kiaii
BACKGROUND: Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) is an evolving coronary revascularization strategy for the treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease. We provide a comparative analysis to conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with long-term follow-up. METHODS: We included all double on-pump CABG (n = 682) and HCR (147 robotic-assisted minimally invasive bypass grafts of the left internal thoracic artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery and percutaneous coronary intervention to one of the non-left anterior descending coronary artery vessels) performed in our institution between March 2004 and November 2015...
March 20, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568758/surgical-technique-and-clinical-analysis-of-twelve-cases-of-isolated-laparoscopic-resection-of-the-hepatic-caudate-lobe
#14
Bin Jin, Zhengchen Jiang, Sanyuan Hu, Gang Du, Binyao Shi, Du Kong, Jinhuan Yang
Objective: To describe the surgical procedures of laparoscopic caudate lobectomy and analyze its clinical efficiency for treating cancer. Methods: Twelve consecutive patients of hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatic hemangioma, and focal nodular hyperplasia who received laparoscopic caudate lobectomy in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2013 to January 2017 were included in this study. The clinical data, intraoperative parameters, and postoperative outcomes were assessed...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555197/laparoscopic-versus-open-major-hepatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#15
REVIEW
Meidai Kasai, Federica Cipriani, Brice Gayet, Luca Aldrighetti, Francesca Ratti, Juan M Sarmiento, Olivier Scatton, Ki-Hun Kim, Ibrahim Dagher, Baki Topal, John Primrose, Takeo Nomi, David Fuks, Mohammad Abu Hilal
BACKGROUND: The role of laparoscopy for major hepatectomies remains a matter of development to be further assessed. The purpose of this study is to compare the short- and long-term outcomes between laparoscopic and open major hepatectomies meta-analyzing individual patient data from published comparative studies. METHODS: All retrospective studies comparing between laparoscopic and open major hepatectomies published until March 2017 were identified independently by 2 reviewers by searching in PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
March 16, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552956/intensive-care-of-pulmonary-complications-following-liver-transplantation
#16
Justin K Lui, Lidia Spaho, Erik Holzwanger, Rosa Bui, Jennifer S Daly, Adel Bozorgzadeh, Scott E Kopec
Chronic liver disease has been associated with pulmonary dysfunction both before and after liver transplantation. Post-liver transplantation pulmonary complications can affect both morbidity and mortality often necessitating intensive care during the immediate postoperative period. The major pulmonary complications include pneumonia, pleural effusions, pulmonary edema, and atelectasis. Poor clinical outcomes have been known to be associated with age, severity of liver dysfunction, and preexisting lung disease as well as perioperative events related to fluid balance, particularly transfusion and fluid volumes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543629/comparison-of-two-major-perioperative-bleeding-scores-for-cardiac-surgery-trials-universal-definition-of-perioperative-bleeding-in-cardiac-surgery-and-european-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-bleeding-severity-grade
#17
Justyna Bartoszko, Duminda N Wijeysundera, Keyvan Karkouti, Jeannie Callum, Vivek Rao, Mark Crowther, Hilary P Grocott, Ruxandra Pinto, Damon C Scales, Blaine Achen, Sukhpal Brar, Doug Morrison, David Wong, Jean S Bussières, Tonya de Waal, Christopher Harle, Étienne de Médicis, Charles McAdams, Summer Syed, Diem Tran, Terry Waters
BACKGROUND: Research into major bleeding during cardiac surgery is challenging due to variability in how it is scored. Two consensus-based clinical scores for major bleeding: the Universal definition of perioperative bleeding and the European Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (E-CABG) bleeding severity grade, were compared in this substudy of the Transfusion Avoidance in Cardiac Surgery (TACS) trial. METHODS: As part of TACS, 7,402 patients underwent cardiac surgery at 12 hospitals from 2014 to 2015...
March 15, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536677/-comparison-of-clinical-effects-of-total-artificial-hip-replacement-and-cannulated-screw-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#18
Li-Zhi Zhang, Jie Gao, Zhi-Cheng Zhang, Xiao-Wei Wang, Jian-Zheng Zhang, Tian-Sheng Sun
OBJECTIVE: To compare of clinical effects of different surgical methods in the treatment of elderly femoral neck fractures. METHODS: From January 2013 to June 2016, 144 elderly patients with femoral neck were treated and divided into artificial hip replacement group and cannulated screw fixation group according to the surgical methods. In the total hip arthroplasty group, there were 89 cases, 28 males and 61 females, with an average age of(84.10±3.10) years old;Hollow nail fixation group 55 cases, 20 males and 35 females, with an average age of (86...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531938/the-impact-of-perioperative-blood-transfusions-on-short-term-outcomes-following-hepatectomy
#19
Julie Hallet, Alyson L Mahar, Avery B Nathens, Melanie E Tsang, Kaitlyn A Beyfuss, Yulia Lin, Natalie G Coburn, Paul J Karanicolas
Background: Bleeding and need for red blood cell transfusions (RBCT) remain a significant concern with hepatectomy. RBCT carry risk of transfusion-related immunomodulation that may impact post-operative recovery. This study soughs to assess the association between RBCT and post-hepatectomy morbidity. Methods: Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) registry, we identified all adult patients undergoing elective hepatectomy over 2007-2012...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526177/-effect-of-thoracic-surgeons-on-lung-cancer-patients-survival
#20
Ning Li, Fengwei Tan, Bin Qiu, Jiagen Li, Jun Zhao, Yushun Gao, Dali Wang, Yousheng Mao, Qi Xue, Juwei Mu, Shugeng Gao, Jie He
BACKGROUND: Surgeons are the direct decision-makers and performers in the surgical treatment of patients with lung cancer. Whether the differences among doctors affect the survival of patients is unclear. This study analyzed the five-year survival rates of different thoracic surgeries in patients undergoing surgery to assess the physician's impact and impact. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of five years between 2002-2007 in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, for surgical treatment of lung cancer patients...
February 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
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